Cambria Orchid


Cambria Orchid

In nature there are a large number of very particular and recognizable orchids above all thanks to the type of flower that is unique for each species. Speaking of the Cambria Orchid we can say that it was born from a cross between two particular species of orchids called Vuylstekeara and Odontoglossum Clonius precisely in the year 1911. For its immense beauty this orchid received an award in the sixties and is also from that day that in some nurseries they grow orchids of certain species, passing them off as Cambria. This plant has several flower stems on which it is possible to find a maximum of 7 flowers. The latter have a characteristic color which is dark red, although sometimes it is possible to find white streaks.


Environment and exposure

The Cambiria orchid does not need particular temperatures to grow and bloom. Of course, its optimum temperature is around 23 ° C but it also tolerates different temperatures well. An important thing to remember is that Cambria needs a fairly humid environment in order to survive in the best possible way. In the summer, it is a good idea to move it outdoors, or at least in a fairly ventilated place, while avoiding excessive drafts. When placed on the balcony or in the garden, it is a good idea not to subject it to direct sunlight which could damage its leaves.


Ground

Like most Orchids. Cambria is epiphytic and that is why it needs a particular substrate for growth. It is preferable to insert inert material on the bottom of the jar, such as polystyrene or cork. Once this is done you can insert the real substrate made of sphagnum and chopped bark. In this way, a perfect home is created for the roots, as it allows them to breathe and have the right amount of moisture.


Planting and repotting

Considering that the Cambria orchid hunts new pseudo bulbs every year together with the flowering, it needs to be repotted at least once every two years. In any case, this is a very delicate operation that must be done without causing damage to the plant but in particular to the roots. First of all, before starting this operation, the vase must be wet, placing it in a basin with lukewarm water for at least 1 day. In a second step, we proceed with the elimination of the pot and the excess substrate from the roots. When the roots are clearly visible, you can proceed with cutting the old and dry parts. After carrying out these simple operations it is possible to place the plant in the new pot which must be slightly larger than the previous one. It is a good idea not to water the repotted plant for at least a week and protect it from the sun's rays.


Watering

Cambria does not like too much water but neither does its complete absence. It is categorically forbidden to let the water stagnate in the vase. In any case, watering must be constant in the summer while in winter things change, the same frequency is not necessary. This plant lives well in a humid environment, so if the place where you live is excessively dry, remember to spray water on the leaves at any time of the year, being careful not to let water get on the flowers. The optimum humidity is around 70%.


Fertilizations

Fertilization for epiphytic plants is essential as they do not have the right amount of substances that a real soil could instead give. Cambria, which is part of this category, in fact requires constant fertilization throughout the year. 0.5 grams of fertilizer must be dissolved in a liter of water and given to the previously watered plant once every three weeks.


Pruning

Pruning must be carried out to eliminate the flower stem. In fact, after the flowers have died, it tends to deteriorate so it is better to eliminate it, also because the new flower stem will grow regardless of its presence. Naturally, pruning should be done with scissors previously disinfected with bleach.


Reproduction

The perpetuation of the species can occur by simple division of the pseudobulbs that are born every time the plant blooms. In fact, just move them to other vases, perhaps smaller ones, and that's it.


Flowering

The flowering of Cambria occurs first of all in spring depending on the conditions in which it lives. Some think that making this plant undergo a sudden change in temperature would give stronger and more vigorous flowers the following year, while others believe that it is enough just to treat it in the best possible way to have beautiful and long-lasting flowers.


Diseases and parasites

Most of the diseases that affect Cambria are due to the wrong growing conditions to which the plant is subjected. In fact, as poor irrigation can lead to the fall of the flowers, excesses of light give life to necrotic spots on the leaves.



ORCHID for indoors or as a gift, place in a bright position but away from direct sunlight. Irrigate regularly. Use suitable soil for orchids (sphagnum and bark) fertilize regularly with fertilizer for orchids. Spring summer flowering. Fragrant flower. Easy to grow.

The Sassi family has been involved in the production and sale of plants and flowers since 1988. In the new Garden of Cella you can find a wide selection of indoor and outdoor plants and flowers, trees, cut flowers, gift ideas, tools for your garden, pots, fertilizers and pesticides.

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Characteristics of Cambria

Cambria is a hybrid epiphytic plant from the family of Orchidaceae obtained by crossing two types of orchids of different varieties.

The plant with a root system typical of epiphytic plants is particular for the production of large swollen and mostly elongated pseudobulbs, from which very decorative leaves of an intense green color develop.

THE pseudobulbs they are renewed after each flowering.

The leaves of Cambria, like those of Miltonia, are ribbon-like, glossy, about 15 cm long, and in spring they crown upright and cylindrical stems bearing clusters of showy inflorescences formed by 3-7 flowers.

THE flowers they differ in shape, size and color depending on the variety. Generally, the shades of color vary from white to pink, from yellow to red and in some plants the flowers have brindle or red petals with white streaks.

Flowering: Cambria blooms, depending on the environmental conditions, in spring or autumn. Failure to bloom is undoubtedly caused by poor lighting of the plant.


Contents

The Cambria orchids are equipped with quite stretched pseudobulbs, from which the leaves and the long floral stem develop. The inflorescences have from three to seven flowers. At the end of the flowering period the orchid produces a new pseudobulb that can create a new plant.

These evergreen orchids may have flowers with a large variety of colors and shapes. Usually they are big and display magnificent colors, very vibrant, dark red, purple or orange, variously speckled with white. The Cambria orchids flourish in Spring, Summer and Autumn, depending on environmental conditions. These plants are widespread and very easy to grow and to breed.


Multiplication of Cambria

The multiplication occurs by division of the tufts and is carried out in spring or autumn using well-sharpened and disinfected shears.

Each single pseudobulb, provided with a vigorous root, will be divided from the clump and repotted individually in a small container as the roots take root better in small spaces. New and fresh soil specific for orchids will also be used when propagating the plant.

Repotting

The very developed Cambria plants should be repotted on average every 2 years in spring, using the same well-disinfected container or a new one slightly larger than the previous one, always with numerous drainage holes to ensure perfect drainage of the watering water and to ensure a fair aeration at the roots.

The soil must be exchanged and generally an inert substrate is used consisting of a mixture of bark (Picea abies bark and Pseudotumorale douglasii), sphagnum peat and perlite. Polystyrene or other inert material is also suitable.

Before being used, the substrate must be soaked in cold water to hydrate it, to eliminate impurities and dust and then left to air dry.

Before repotting the soil, wet the soil well and before extracting the plant from the pot, make sure that the roots have become soft to avoid breaking them.

Always with well sharpened scissors all those dead or dead ones with evident signs of rot are eliminated. Finally, they are sprinkled with specific products or with a little ground cinnamon.
After repotting, Cambria should not be watered for at least 10 days, but the leaves and pseudobulbs are sprayed with water at room temperature, preferably demineralized.

How to make Cambria flourish

Cambria bred in optimal environmental conditions gives abundant blooms even in the following years but for greater safety the plant can be stimulated by subjecting it to a slight temperature change. After the flowering and after the development of the new pseubobulbs, it should be kept for some weeks at a temperature of 16-17 ° C.


Diversity

The first hybrid between Odontoglossum crispum, some Miltonia and Cochlioda noetzliana was created by Charles Vuylsteke in 1910. This hybrid genus was called Vuylstekeara, which later via hybridization with Odontoglossum clonius produced famous Vuylstekeara Cambria Plush. Later orchid breeders produced numerous Oncidium Alliance complex intergeneric hybrids, including Aliceara, Bakerara, Beallara, Brassidium, Burrageara, Colmanara, Degarmoara, Howeara, Maclellanara, Miltassia, Odontobrassia, Odontocidium, Odontonia, Rodricidium, Wilsonsteylea and Miltonidium. They are numerous and all beautiful, but it is quite confusing, especially if you are an orchid vendor. Some of this names give us some glimpse on a hybrid genealogy (for instance, Miltassia is a hybrid between Miltonia and Brassia orchids), but some have very difficult pronunciation (for instance, how do you pronounce Vuylstekeara?). Given the fact that there are no any visible differences in their culture and for marketology reasons they are all were given the umbrella term “Cambria”, which is now a synonym for complex Oncidium Alliance hybrid.

Cambria orchids care is quite simple, it is much easier to grow Cambria orchids indoors than most species of Ocidinae in their genealogy, especially cool and cold Odontoglossum and Miltonidium species. They require moderately bright light with some sun in the first part of a day. Potting mixture should contain medium bark with some sphagnum moss, cocoa chips and should be well drying and open. Let potting mixture to become slightly dry between watering, do not overwater it because roots will rot. Cambria orchids do not have definite dormancy and usually after flowering have some dormancy for three or four weeks before new growth starts forming, so after flowering you have to slightly reduce watering and do not apply fertilizers. Temperatures should be intermediate, but most of Cambria orchids tolerate warm and even hot temperatures, which is the difference between Cambria hybrids and some Odontoglossum species, which do not tolerate warm temperatures for long periods of time.


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