How to plant eggplants correctly


Outdoors, in the sun and rain, vegetables ripen much better when planted correctly. Planting eggplant seedlings is a responsible event, because they were given so much care and time.

How to properly disperse the garden bed, prepare the soil, and other little things that are important enough in caring for this delicate, demanding, but very tasty and healthy vegetable.

Timing for planting eggplant in open ground

The summer of one year is different from the summer of another year, and it is impossible to say the exact number of plantings, since the number of regions from north to south is large. Different latitudes, climate, length of summer - these are the reasons why in one region you can start a transplant in April, and in others only in mid-June.

As soon as the temperature at night and in the morning will stop dropping below 15 degrees, and will be fixed for at least 2 days, you can plant seedlings.

In regions with a harsh climate, you should not plant seedlings in the ground earlier than June 10 - 12. Night frosts will destroy the entire crop.

Development from seed to independent, ready-to-plant seedlings - more than a month and a half, therefore, by sowing seeds in April, by the first ten days of June you will get what you need.

Where and where to plant seedlings correctly

If you take into account all the nuances when planting, and not just plant somewhere, you will get an excellent harvest of healthy vegetables in your garden. Eggplant is a vegetable that cannot tolerate self-neglect. Therefore, we do everything according to the rules.

Preparing the garden bed

Whichever variety you choose, but it is more logical to make a bed wide for a maximum of two bushes... There are indisputable facts in favor of this:

  • So easier to handle and tie eggplant;
  • Easier to water;
  • The plant gets enough sun;
  • In case of summer frosts or heavy rains, it is possible to cover the landing.

So, the width should be a maximum of two bushes. Street varieties, as a rule, reach a maximum of 70 cm, but despite this, it is better to tie them up at the time of the beginning of fruiting.

The width of the bed for two plants should be not less than 1m... Do not spare the land, as it will generously repay you for your freedom.

The length can be any, but keep in mind that watering is carried out only with settled water, and you cannot stretch a hose from an artesian well along long beds - ice water will destroy the plants.

Choose sunny areas taking into account the fact that plants must necessarily see the first rays of the sun. The morning sun on your vegetables is the key to an excellent and healthy harvest.

The bed must stretch from west to east - so the bushes will not shade each other.

Even if you dug up a garden bed in the fall, in the spring, literally in a couple of days, you will have to dig it up again. In late April - early May, you can plant mustard on it, and before planting seedlings, close up green crops in the garden bed.

It can be covered with a film to create a favorable moist environment in the ground for mustard decay and the appearance of worms. One day before the transplant, the film and all shelters must be removed.

Make sure that this bed was not under the nightshade last year.

Seedling preparation

In order for the eggplant to adapt as quickly as possible to a new environment, bright sun, small temperature changes, seedlings need temper before planting.

How to do it correctly, and with a minimum amount of physical activity:

  1. Two weeks before transplanting, on cloudy days, take the plants out for 2 to 3 hours;
  2. A week before transplanting, take the seedlings to the greenhouse;
  3. Cover even in a greenhouse with a covering material;
  4. In cloudy weather, open the material;
  5. Leave overnight and one day before transplanting in a greenhouse without shelter.

Even if you have a tomato greenhouse, they will tolerate a couple of weeks with eggplants. There is no need to make a special greenhouse for them - the bushes are still small and will easily enter the greenhouse.

Seedlings ready for soil look like an adult:

  • On it real leaves - rounded and dark green, there are at least 6 of them;
  • Stalk is thick, seemingly a little stiff;
  • The plant is not withered, not dry, but also not overflowing with water - the earthen lump from the pot should be removed without crumbling.

Landing schemes

Most often, gardeners use a parallel and staggered planting scheme.

Both methods are convenient, the only checkerboard one inspires the feeling that the plant receives more light, and the distance between the plants is less.

Step back between the plants to both sides not less than 40 cm, and from the edge of the garden 30 cm, and so, with two plants wide, you get 100 cm of beds.

When planting in a checkerboard pattern, it becomes possible to make a bed already, but then the quantity will not enter into it, which was perfectly included in 2 plants.

Another plus for the chess variation - the ability to cover with a film... The width of the bed is approximately 60 - 70 cm... And the film will be enough in the first weeks if you are worried about possible night frosts.

Errors

When transplanting seedlings, many gardeners make the same mistakes:

  • Immediately after disembarkation do not tie the plant to a stick... Despite the apparent thickness, the stem of an eggplant is very fragile, and the slightest gust of wind breaks it. The sticks to which you tie the plant will also serve as a support for shelter for the first days;
  • Planting seedlings in a place where last year the nightshades grew: potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, or eggplant too. The plant takes nitrogen from the ground very vigorously. Fertilization and feeding with potassium - phosphorus additives - procedures necessary for eggplant;
  • Every night watering... As soon as the ground seems dry, gardeners try to water the young plants more abundantly. "Thanks" to such pity, the plant begins to ache and turn yellow. Before the appearance of the first ovaries, watering should be carried out once every 7 days, when the earth dries out and the bush will slightly wither. With the onset of fruit formation, watering is best done every 2 days.
  • Fear of bush formation yourself. After the start of the formation of ovaries, you need to remove excess foliage, and shoots without an ovary - this will give strength for the formation of new ovaries and ripening of fruits. It is better to remove the first fruits without waiting for technical ripeness, so that new flower stalks form more actively.

The skill of a gardener lies only in experience, and what kind of plants you grow is up to you. By paying attention when transplanting seedlings, you will ensure easy growth and care of the plant, which means a good harvest on your land.


Eggplant is quite whimsical to the soil, which will have to be prepared in advance. Peat soils will have to be diluted with sod and humus mixtures, heavy acidic soils will require deoxidation in the form of dolomite flour. Wood sawdust, peat and rotted humus are introduced into the sandy soil.

The main feature of the culture is growing exclusively by the seedling method. The growing season of the plant is long, therefore, to get a rich harvest in mid-to-late summer, you will have to tinker with the seedlings. Seeds are planted in late February to mid-March. In 2-3 months, the seedlings will get stronger, and after 3-4 true leaves appear, they can be transplanted into open ground.


Choosing a bed for eggplant

How to choose and prepare a land plot for vegetables:

  1. The little blue ones will feel best in a sunny meadow. It is good if bushes grow around that will protect the plants from drafts.
  2. Experienced gardeners prepare the soil for eggplant in the fall. It is disinfected with an aqueous solution of copper sulfate. 1 bucket requires 1 or 2 tbsp. l. vitriol.
  3. When there is a lot of sand on the site in the ground, fresh manure is brought in in the fall, clay is brought and scattered over the site, sawdust is added.
  4. In springtime, the soil needs to be leveled with a rake and fertilized.


We plant eggplants according to the lunar calendar in the suburbs

Many residents of the Moscow region and other regions are interested in the question of when to plant seedlings in open ground? So that the eggplant seedlings do not suffer, but get into comfortable conditions for further growth and development.

Night frosts are no joke. They can damage plants. But, if you have a warm greenhouse, then planting can be done much earlier. She will be able to protect them from not yet stable weather conditions.

It all depends on the variety of seeds selected. Eggplants are considered heat-loving plants, it is better to plant them in the garden in late May - early June.

At the time of planting, their age should be about one and a half to two months. Provided that it takes about two weeks for their seeds to germinate.

Based on the foregoing, the following conclusions can be drawn:

  • the ideal period for planting eggplant in greenhouses is considered February and March
  • suitable period for planting in open ground - second half of March.

The weather is so unpredictable that the dates for planting may shift to later ones.

In 2019, in the Moscow region, you can determine favorable days for planting eggplant in open ground using the lunar calendar:

  • February - 8 - 12, 16 - 17, 23 - 25
  • March - 10-14, 18-19, 25-30
  • April - 9-13, 17-18, 24-29.

In the middle of spring, it is best to start planting seedlings of those eggplants that you plan to keep fresh in winter.

According to the lunar calendar, you should not engage in planting seeds for seedlings:

  • January - 6th and 21st
  • February - 3 - 5, 19 - 20
  • March - 5th - 6th, 21st and 31st
  • f April - 5th and 19th.


Seed planting

The cultivation of eggplants by seeds is carried out by farmers quite often. This process is painstaking. What is required of you is, first of all, to purchase high-quality seed, then competently prepare it for planting, if necessary, germinate on toilet paper, and then provide full care for the seedlings.

Material selection

Planting eggplant seedlings will be effective if you correctly approach the choice of seeds. It's not enough just to choose a bag of beans that attracts you with its name or the image of juicy fruit on the package. Your key task is to find out the yield rate of the variety you like, to determine how resistant it is to pests and diseases. You should also make sure that the type of eggplant you choose is suitable for growing in a particular region with its climatic characteristics. To make it easier for yourself to prepare the seeds for sowing, give preference to those varieties that have already been processed.

Planting dates

When to plant eggplants is another question that novice gardeners often face. As a rule, it is recommended to start sowing seeds for seedlings not earlier than March. Some seasoned gardeners prefer to sow eggplant as early as April. Much depends on the timing of the fruiting of the variety. For example, in the southern regions of the country, it is possible to sow seeds even earlier than the specified time, since in May the earth warms up properly, which means that it will be possible to plant seedlings in open ground earlier.

Further care

When you have already planted seeds for seedlings in the greenhouse, it's time to take all the necessary measures to care for them. For example, containers with sprouted grains are recommended to be covered with transparent film or glass to ensure they are at the optimum temperature. Cups or containers with seedlings are placed in a well-lit place. If necessary, supplement it with fluorescent lamps. As for moistening, at first it is enough to sprinkle the soil 1-2 times a week. However, in the future, the intensity and frequency of watering will need to be increased.


Planting eggplant seedlings to a permanent place


2 weeks before planting eggplants for permanent residence, it is advisable to teach young plants to fresh air. When the temperature outside is more than + 15 ° C, it is time to take seedlings to the balcony. At first, 1-2 hours are enough, but over time, you can keep the seedlings cool for a longer time. Along with "walking" for future adaptation, it is very useful to gradually reduce the frequency of watering.

High-quality eggplant seedlings are distinguished by a straight stem 16-25 centimeters high, dark green color of leaves and a developed root system. A plant ready for planting has 7-9 leaves, and sometimes the first buds.

Before planting eggplants in a greenhouse or garden bed, we prepare the holes. We dig holes about 30 centimeters deep. We fill the well with a mixture of fertilizers:

  • 1 tablespoon superphosphate
  • 1 teaspoon nitroammophoska
  • half liter can of compost
  • 2 handfuls of coconut.

Pour 3 liters of water into each hole and wait for it to be absorbed. Sprinkle the "slurry" with soil 5-7 centimeters. Carefully remove the plant from the cup and, together with a lump of earth, lower it into the hole. We fall asleep with earth, slightly pressing it, but not tamping it. You don't need to do anything else, except to congratulate your eggplants on the housewarming :)

How to properly grow and plant eggplant seedlings, we now present. But this is only the beginning of the journey. We are facing fertilizing and mulching, watering, fighting the wind and the Colorado potato beetle.

Whoever owns the information will cope with any difficulties. Find out more secrets of growing eggplant from our articles about them:


Proven tips for good eggplant seedlings

  • When planting, do not compact the soil, it should be moist, loose and breathable.
  • The optimum germination temperature is 25-30 degrees.
  • While the seeds are under the film (in the seedling greenhouse), watering is not needed.
  • The younger the seedling, the easier it tolerates the pick.
  • When watering, it is better not to top up than to overflow.
  • Cold is the enemy of eggplant, temperatures below 15 degrees are critical.
  • A plant suitable for planting has from 10 true leaves (age 65-70 days).
  • Spray with Epin-Extra before planting in the ground.

That, perhaps, is all about eggplant seedlings, dear friends. If the article was useful to you, save it to social networks using the buttons below.


Watch the video: How to Grow Eggplant


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