Preparing a lawn for winter: an overview of the range of works for grass care

A green lawn in the country is a universal element of landscaping, which can act as a great backdrop for a flower garden, as well as a safe natural rug for a recreation area. And so that in the fall it delights as long as possible with the freshness of the emerald-green grass, and in the spring with the absence of bald spots, it is necessary to properly prepare it for the cold weather. Preparing a lawn for winter includes a number of activities, which we propose to talk about today.

If you are too lazy to read the material, you can watch the care tips in this video:

For the autumn work, it is necessary to prepare materials:

  • Trimmer or lawn mower;
  • Aerator or garden pitchfork;
  • Fan rake or broom;
  • Fertilizer complex at the rate of 3 kg per 100 square meters;
  • Overseeding mixture.

Stopping watering

Since September, as a rule, receives a sufficient amount of rainfall, it is not necessary to specially organize regular watering.

During periods when dry weather sets in, you can water the lawn using the sprinkler method. The only condition for watering is to prevent the formation of puddles.

Experienced gardeners begin to organize lawn care before winter from the first half of September and complete a couple of weeks before the onset of the first frost.

At the beginning of October, with a decrease in temperature, watering should be stopped altogether in order to prevent excessive waterlogging of the soil. Otherwise, the plants may weaken and become sick.

Carrying out the last haircut

In the summer, the grass should be mowed almost once a week. With the onset of autumn, as the earth cools down and plant growth slows down, this procedure is carried out less and less.

At the same time, it will not be possible to do without mowing the lawn at all before winter. With the onset of cold weather, the regrown grass will freeze and lie on the ground, where, after lying until spring, when the young growth awakens, it will become a serious obstacle to the growth of green shoots. That is why it is always necessary to mow the lawn for the winter.

The optimum height of the grass after mowing is 5 cm.In a couple of weeks, the plants have time to reach a height of 8 cm, which is most favorable for conserving strength and preserving nutrients for wintering

But it is not always possible to guess how many such haircuts will need to be carried out before the onset of cold weather. When mowing the grass in early September, one cannot be sure that with the onset of Indian summer, the plants will not stretch out, and they will not have to be cut again. Or vice versa: early frosts will pick up uncut greens, and it will be too late to mow the lawn for the winter.

The best time to mow the lawn is before winter: for the northern regions - the end of September, for the middle lane - in early October, and in the southern regions - mid-October.

By sending the cut grass to the beds, you can prepare in advance the humus for fertilization for crops, thereby reducing the amount of spring work.

According to the general recommendations for lawn grass care, the last mowing of the lawn before winter is carried out two weeks before the onset of the first frost.

The need for feeding

To ensure stable growth of plants in spring, fertilizing with mineral fertilizers will allow. Gardeners differ on the composition of fertilizers. Some believe that in the autumn, plants are especially in need of phosphorus and potassium - trace elements that stimulate root formation. Therefore, the main emphasis when feeding the lawn must be done on them. Fertilizing with nitrogen, which stimulates the growth of green mass, should be limited.

Other gardeners argue that the decorativeness of the lawn throughout the season cannot be maintained without fertilizing with nitrogen. Lawn grasses continue to grow as temperatures drop in the fall months. Nitrogen, without reducing the winter hardiness of plants, makes the color of the greenery more intense in the autumn months.

It is possible to ensure the attractiveness of an emerald lawn, amazingly combined with the golden foliage of trees, only by using complex fertilizers, which contain equal parts of potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen.

Some experts also recommend using a deoxidizer (chalk, limestone flour), which is useful both for the grass itself and for nearby plantings. The most favorable time for fertilizing is dry, calm days.

Soil aeration

We would also like to include the need for aeration of the soil on which the lawn is set up in the overall scope of work. Aeration will allow water to penetrate into deep soil layers and thereby prevent its stagnation in the form of puddles and ice crusts, which can lead to bald spots on the lawn. The only exceptions are lawns equipped on a sandy basis - the water in such soils drains on its own.

Aeration is best done in dry weather. To increase the effectiveness of the procedure, with each puncture, it is necessary to lift the turf with a pitchfork so that it acquires a slightly tousled appearance. This will allow sufficient air access to the root system and drainage.

The sod can be pierced with a special aerator or with a conventional garden pitchfork. Lawn piercing must be done to a depth of about 20 cm, maintaining a distance between punctures of 20-30 cm

After the completion of soil drainage, it is necessary to give the lawn a rest: it is advisable not to walk on it for the next 2-3 days. It will take its original form after the first rains.

Covering the soil with mulch

Layers of plant residues, preventing sufficient airing of the lawn, provoke the development of dampness, as a result of which various diseases appear.

In the autumn, it is also necessary to timely clean the lawn of fallen leaves, old grass and other debris using a fan rake or a broom.

Autumn is a good time to smooth out any irregularities in the lawn that have arisen during the summer months.

The composition of the mulching mixture is determined by the characteristics of the soil on the site. The best option is a mixture of equal parts of earth, peat and sand.

In order to increase the fertility of the land depleted during the season, the entire area of ​​the lawn can be covered for the winter with a layer of peat mixed with dry compost.

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Lawn care in autumn and preparation for winter: mowing, aeration, feeding

In the spring, you are incredibly happy with all the herbs that reign on your lawn. However, if you want your green lawn to amaze you with its emerald color next season, in other words, in order for the lawn to grow and develop well, in the fall you need to properly care for the grass and carry out mandatory measures to prepare it for winter.

You will learn from our material what is included in the composition of the autumn measures for the care and preparation of the lawn for winter - watering, fertilizing, mowing, aeration, etc.

The value of autumn care

Autumn is an important season for caring for a green area. It is necessary to use the last months of the growing season to strengthen and prepare the green cover for winter. The main volume of lawn work falls on the spring - cleaning the debris accumulated in winter, repairing bald spots in the grass. The effort and time spent caring for the lawn in the fall, preparing for the winter next spring and summer will result in improved quality and health.

The main stages of work include:

  • cutting (mowing) the grass
  • cleaning from autumn vegetation and any other debris
  • soil aeration work
  • soil replenishment
  • herbicide treatment for weeds
  • overseeding the grass if necessary
  • if required, moss removal.

The main goal of the autumn works is to ensure the quick restoration of the green area in the spring. All work must be completed before the onset of the first frost. In addition, the amount of work that an autumn lawn requires depends on the wear and tear experienced by it during the summer months.

Whether it is necessary to "ventilate" the lawn or aeration procedure

One of the options for the aeration procedure

Caring for the lawn in the fall and preparing it for winter includes aeration, which has the following goal:

  • restore the drainage of the soil compacted during the summer, which becomes dense
  • ensure the flow of air to the roots of the herbs.

To pierce the lawn, you can use a regular pitchfork or a special toothed sneaker attachment. The number of punctures depends on the degree of trampledness of the grass. In a small area, you will have to make 5-6, and if the soil is compacted, then up to 10-12 punctures.

It is advisable to follow the rules:

  1. Punching with a pitchfork is done every 20-30 cm from each other
  2. The depth of the punctures is 15-20 cm
  3. When removing the pitchfork from the ground, it is advisable to slightly lift the top layer and leave it that way. After that, the lawn will look uneven for 2-3 days, and then it will return to its original form.
  4. After the procedure, you can walk on the grass only after a week. This will prevent the formation of defects on the surface.

Cleaning up vegetable debris - part of the maintenance of a classic lawn

A controversial issue is the cleaning of fallen leaves. Conservationists argue that foliage should be left untouched. But the lawn is a landscape that is created artificially, therefore, the approach to it is somewhat different.

Fallen leaves compact the layer of snow, and in the spring an ice crust forms, the top layer is pressed and it is difficult for the grass to get out into the light. The grass should be raked to avoid the unpleasant consequences of deciduous litter.

On the eve of the first frost, irregularities or pits must be leveled. Cover with a layer of fresh soil and seed the seeds in it so that the spring shoots appear in the form of an even, green carpet.

Planting cereal seeds is carried out in September, so that they have time to take root. Leveling and overseeding in the spring will make your lawn look well-groomed.

Mulching and fertilizing the lawn just before wintering

Usually, the last feeding of the lawn is carried out in the middle of October, at the same time mulching of the lawn soil is also expected. Mulching is usually carried out using a mixture of peat and compost, which is applied over the entire area of ​​the lawn using a garden rake. The lawn for the winter in those places where the soil has subsided greatly, is additionally mulched with a thick layer of the presented solution.

Proper preparation of the lawn for the winter period will allow you to keep this part of your site intact. In the spring you can again observe the green and young vegetation on the lawn.

Igor Serba, member of the editorial board Sobcor of the Internet edition "AtmAgro. Agroindustrial Bulletin"

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Watch the video: How to Winterize the Lawn - Get the Grass Ready for Spring

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