Sweet peppers of early ripening greatly diversify our menu and supplement it with the necessary vitamins and nutrients, when the selection of fresh vegetable products is not yet very wide. Therefore, these vegetables are held in high esteem by gardeners who care about health, their own and the whole family. One of the earliest sweet peppers is the Winnie the Pooh dwarf variety. This article is about him, his qualities and growing.
Winnie the Pooh pepper was created back in the 70s of the twentieth century. The originator of this variety, Yuri Panchev, is the current director of the research center for breeding, seed production and agricultural technology located in Tiraspol (Moldova), a breeder who has created more than 110 hybrids and varieties of tomatoes and sweet peppers over the decades of work.
Yuri Panchev - the originator of the Winnie the Pooh variety
In 1978-1981, at the request of the Pridnestrovian Research Institute of Agriculture, Winnie the Pooh sweet pepper was tested by the State Commission for Testing and Protection of Breeding Achievements. The result was the introduction of the variety into the State Register with admission to cultivation in I, III, IV light zones.
|Light zones||Republics||The edges||Areas|
|I light zone||Karelia, Komi||Arkhangelsk, Vologda, Leningrad, Magadan, Murmansk, Novgorod, Pskov|
|III light zone||Bashkortostan, Sakha (Yakutia), Tatarstan, Khakassia||Krasnoyarsk||Belgorod, Bryansk, Vladimir, Voronezh, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Kurgan, Lipetsk, Moscow, Oryol, Sverdlovsk, Smolensk, Tambov, Tomsk, Tula, Tyumen, Chelyabinsk|
|IV light zone||Altai, Kalmykia, Tuva||Altai, Kamchatsky||Astrakhan, Volgograd, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Orenburg, Penza, Samara, Saratov, Ulyanovsk|
The main characteristic of Winnie the Pooh sweet pepper is its early maturity. After germination of all seeds, the first fruits can be expected in 107-111 days... Peppers grow on small compact bushes no more than 30 cm high.
One of the earliest sweet peppers - the dwarf variety Winnie the Pooh
A dense stem is formed in the lower part of the plants. Flowers, ovaries and fruits are collected in a bouquet at the top of the plant.
Fleshy juicy peppercorns covered with a smooth skin are cone-shaped with a very weak longitudinal ribbing. The stalks are not pressed into the fruit.
The color of the peppers in the stages of ripening varies from light green at technical ripeness to red at biological ripeness. The peppers are small in size, weighing up to 50 grams, but almost all of them are equal in size up to 10 cm in length and have a pleasant sweetish taste, which, when tasting at a variety testing, was rated as good.
Inside each peppercorn, which has a wall thickness of about 6 mm, 2-3 seed chambers and a freely located medium-sized seed bearing are formed.
During the variety testing Winnie the Pooh gave a yield of marketable fruits of 1.6–1.8 kg from each square meter.
The best result of growing this sweet pepper variety is obtained in the protected soil of winter greenhouses during winter-spring turnover.... But depending on the growing area, in any even the smallest greenhouse, on a covered with a film or an unprotected garden bed, Winnie the Pooh is grown almost as successfully. You can also plant it in the "garden on the windowsill".
Winnie the Pooh has excellent storage properties and tolerates transportation painlessly. This pepper can be eaten fresh or prepared as a variety of dishes and homemade canned food.
The Winnie the Pooh variety has excellent resistance to most diseases, it is the most resistant to verticillary wilt and is rarely affected by aphids..
Winnie the Pooh's farming techniques are the same as those of other sweet pepper varieties.
When growing sweet peppers Winnie the Pooh, they use agricultural technology that is absolutely identical to that used to grow other varieties of this vegetable. It is only important not to miss some important nuances:
Easy to grow, but tasty and beautiful sweet pepper Winnie the Pooh, grown taking into account the characteristics of this culture set forth in the article, will certainly delight the gardener with an excellent harvest.
Bell pepper is considered an amazing vegetable with excellent taste and bright color. Winnie the Pooh sweet pepper is a garden curiosity, belongs to the early varieties, always pleases with a generous harvest.
Every gardener dreams of recouping the expended time and energy by receiving a bountiful harvest of pepper.
An important role here is played by a rational choice of varieties, taking into account the climatic features of the area. Winnie the Pooh variety is great for any region of our country.
This tasty hybrid will have time to ripen both in the hot south and in temperate climates, and in terms of taste, it is not inferior to the popular late varieties.
Moldovan breeders bred Winnie the Pooh in 1980 specifically for cultivation in the central part of Russia. It is considered to be a hybrid of Swallow and Buketin 3.
Take note: bitter peppers should be planted away from sweets to avoid unwanted pollination.
The ripening time of the culture ranges from 105 to 111 days from the appearance of full-fledged sprouts. In the middle lane, in February or March, pepper seeds must be sown to grow seedlings, then vegetables can be tasted in June.
Description of culture:
Good to know: a bountiful harvest can be obtained by planting very dense pepper bushes. For 1 sq. m. you can place up to 25 plants, since their branches are pressed as tightly as possible to the trunk.
The success of the gardener depends on how intelligently the preparation of the pepper seeds for sowing has gone.
This should be done three months before the onset of stable warm weather. Initially, it is advisable to soak the seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate, prepared at the rate of 200 g of water per 1 teaspoon of the drug.
After that, spread them on a damp cloth until they germinate completely. This usually takes 10 or 12 hours. At this time, it is necessary to prepare the soil, you can buy it or prepare it yourself.
It is important that it permeates water well, is not dense. Before sowing seeds, the soil must be strongly warmed up or treated with a solution of potassium permanganate. The seeds should be buried 2 cm in the soil and covered with earth.
Containers with Winnie-the-Pooh seeds should be kept in a warm, well-lit room.
The sprouts will break through in about a week, after which the temperature must be reduced to 15 degrees Celsius. Otherwise, the seedlings will be frail and too elongated.
Watering of pepper is carried out weekly. After the appearance of two full-fledged leaves, it is necessary to dive the pepper seedlings, placing them after the procedure in separate boxes or cups. Do not forget about feeding the pepper with fertilizers.
For growing peppers outdoors, a sunny place, sheltered from the wind, is suitable.
The best option would be to place the culture on the garden bed where peas, beans or cabbage previously grew. It is advisable to pre-enrich the bed with compost. During planting, the plants must be placed densely, deepened to the leaves, and pressed down on the roots along with the soil.
To stimulate the intensive growth of bushes and fruiting, you can regularly collect the pods, cut off the shoots below the fork in the trunk, since the ovary still does not form there.
Please note: it is advisable to protect the pepper seedlings with foil for a couple of days after placement in the open ground for successful acclimatization.
Many gardeners opt for Winnie the Pooh pepper, reviews about it are only the most flattering and enthusiastic. After all, the plants of this variety are immune to diseases, easy to care for, even in a temperate climate, they give a record harvest - delicious and high-quality vegetables.
How to properly grow pepper seedlings, see the following video:
This variety was bred in 1980 in Moldova, its biological properties allow it to be cultivated in all regions of Central Russia.
This variety ripens within 100 days after germination. According to its external features, it is a bush 25 centimeters high, has a compact shape with tightly fitting branches to the trunk.
Important! The variety grows well in greenhouses and outdoors.
The shape of the fruit is like a sharp cone, and their formation on the branches occurs in bunches. Depending on the degree of ripening, peppers can change color, from greenish to bright red. The fruit is 10 centimeters long and weighs about 50 grams. The walls of the fruit are juicy and sweet, and therefore peppers of this type are often used fresh and for cooking.
Important! To obtain a large number of fruits, it is better to plant peppers very often, about 25 plants per 1 square meter.
Pepper belongs to the category of nightshade crops, which means that the yield and resistance of the bushes primarily depends on the state of their root system. One of the most dangerous procedures is root picking when transplanting adult seedlings into separate holes. To avoid the weakening of plants and not to reduce its natural resistance to disease, it is necessary to sow seeds in separate small containers with opaque walls. The best options for such containers are peat cups.
Of the main requirements for caring for the grown seedlings, it is worth highlighting the maintenance of optimal soil moisture. At the same time, stagnation of water is not allowed, since they block the access of the roots to oxygen and provoke damage to the seed. In order to grow strong disease-resistant bushes, the seeds can be pre-treated with a light pink solution of potassium permanganate, dropping the seeds into it for 20 - 30 minutes.
An equally important point is the preventive treatment of the soil, which will eliminate the microbes and fungal infections present inside. For this, sifted wood ash is added to the soil, or steaming is carried out with a boiling bright pink solution of potassium permanganate.
The air temperature in the room where the container with soil and seeds is located should remain at the level of 24 - 26 degrees Celsius. The soil into which the bushes will be transplanted should also be warmed up. Experienced gardeners recommend placing plastic water bottles or stones on the beds themselves before planting seedlings. During the day, they will be heated under the influence of sunlight, and at night the accumulated heat will be given to the ground.
If the pepper is planted in open ground, work can be carried out only after the air temperature does not drop below 14 - 16 degrees Celsius. The optimal temperature range for the growth and fruiting of peppers is the range from 24 to 28 degrees Celsius. That is why for growing fruits in the Urals it is necessary to choose varieties and hybrids that are resistant to possible cold snaps.
An equally important point concerns the preparation of the soil itself. It should have a neutral acidity level, since the roots will not be able to develop normally, and the bush itself will not form the ovaries of future fruits. The fact that the soil has high acidity can be evidenced by the growth of plantain on it, as well as plants from the heather group. The easiest and most affordable way to neutralize is a solution of chalk or lime. This requires 80 - 100 g of dry matter and 10 liters of water. The first changes can be observed already after 12 - 15 days: the plants noticeably revive and intensify growth.
If possible, it is necessary to normalize the acidity level in soils in early spring, before planting. In this case, the entire site must be dug up. Sieved wood ash can be used instead of lime. 2.5 - 3 weeks before planting the grown seedlings, it is recommended to additionally fertilize the soil with humus or compost.
Moderate soil moisture and adequate lighting of plants are the main requirements not only during the development of bushes and growing fruits, but also at the stage of formation of strong disease-resistant seedlings. Watering should be regular but moderate. It is better to let the soil dry out a little more than to allow the formation of puddles and stagnant water. The second option blocks the access of the roots to the necessary oxygen and can provoke the onset of their deterioration, in particular, rotting.
When choosing a site for planting sweet peppers, it is worth focusing on its complete illumination by the sun and the mandatory absence of cold drafts and the presence of protection from gusty cold winds. During the hottest days, the soil lends itself to mulching: it is covered with impenetrable materials that do not let the sun's rays through, thereby preventing moisture from evaporating from the soil.
Winnie the Pooh sweet pepper is appreciated by gardeners for:
A bountiful harvest can be harvested if the plant is planted densely. For example, 1 sq. m planted up to 25 young shoots.
Pepper seeds California miracle germinate together even without treatment with a growth stimulant. Fresh seeds give 96-98% germination. However, it is worth remembering that the seeds of this variety for sowing for seedlings should be chosen the freshest. The longer they have been stored, the less germination they have.
It is necessary to collect seeds on your own from fully ripe peppers. For this, it is recommended to sow seeds for seedlings no later than February. They are sown in common containers or separate pots; peat tablets can also be used.
Pepper does not tolerate picking and replanting well. Therefore, it is recommended to sow the seeds at a great distance from each other, so that later you can pull out the seedling along with a clod of earth. Thus, the root system of the plant will not be damaged and this process can be carried out without damaging the seedlings.
Important! Make sure that when transferring the bushes do not sink into the ground, their root collar should be level with the ground.
The first month of seedling development, it is necessary to water it very carefully, especially if the room is relatively cool. But to provide the seedlings with good lighting. Daylight hours should last at least 12 hours, so it is necessary to organize additional lighting with fluorescent lamps. The first feeding is carried out when 2-4 true leaves appear in the seedlings.
10-14 days before transplanting seedlings to a permanent place, they must be poured. To do this, the seedlings are taken out on the street or on the balcony on warm days, gradually increasing the residence time from 30 minutes to a whole day.
Seedlings are planted according to the 40x40 cm scheme. Since young plants need uniform and regular watering, it is recommended to equip a drip irrigation system. This is especially important on hot days.
The California Miracle variety can be fertilized with organic or mineral fertilizers. He responds equally well to any of them. During the season, you will need to apply fertilizer 3 times.
Observing the rules of agricultural technology, it is not necessary to process seedlings additionally from pests and diseases.
Choosing the best pepper variety for 2019, first of all, you need to understand that there are no such "magic" varieties that will bring giant harvests without assistance. The key to a good harvest is always human labor. Modern agrotechnical methods help to achieve the highest results. Of course, the seed material also plays an important role - the better the seeds, the more abundant and healthier the seedlings will be.
To the question: "Which pepper is better?" there is no definite answer. And yet, we will try to name the best varieties of pepper for 2019, based on the simplicity, yield and resistance of plants. We will also tell you about the rules for growing different varieties of this capricious and thermophilic culture.
On a summer day, to have on hand beds with fresh bell peppers - have access to a source of all the necessary vitamins. The yellow and red fruits of bell peppers contain a huge amount of vitamin C. There is even more of it in pepper than in black currant and lemon.
Another very useful element is rutin, or vitamin P. Together with vitamin C, this component helps to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, reduces their permeability and fragility.
A number of B vitamins can help cope with insomnia, weakness and depression. It will also be useful for people suffering from diabetes and edema.
Oddly enough, but bell peppers have even more vitamin A than carrots. But this vitamin returns beauty to hair and nails, improves skin, strengthens eyesight.
Bell peppers are good in many dishes, can be canned and pickled, but fresh vegetables are the healthiest. Peppers in salads and snacks will provide the body with a daily dose of all essential trace elements and vitamins.
Reviews of gardeners who have been growing peppers for more than one year indicate that this is not so difficult. It takes a little effort and patience to get a big harvest.
Pepper has a fairly long growing season - from 80 to 130 days. Even in the south of Russia, the culture will not have time to ripen if pepper is planted with seeds in the ground. For plants to bloom well and grow quickly, it is better to plant them in seedlings.
The basic rules for growing bell peppers are as follows:
The varieties listed below were selected for several factors:
According to the photo and description, you can easily choose the variety suitable for each specific case for 2019.
It is also important to remember that the best gardeners buy pepper seeds only from trusted producers. From non-hybrid fruits, seeds can be harvested by yourself. To do this, choose the most beautiful peppers with the correct shape and uniform color. The top is carefully incised on them and the testis is pulled out. In this form, they are left to dry for 3-4 days at a temperature of 20-25 degrees. After that, the seeds are folded into a paper bag.
The variety belongs to the early ripening, the fruits ripen by the 100th day after planting the seeds. For seedlings, seeds are sown at the end of February or in the first half of March. Seedlings can be transferred to the greenhouse by mid-May, and pepper is planted in open ground only when constant heat is established. There should be no frosts at night, and the earth should warm up to at least ten degrees.
The peppers are conical and small in size. The mass of one pepper does not exceed 100 grams. At the stage of technical maturity, the fruit of this variety is colored yellow, after full ripening it turns red.
The wall thickness of the vegetable reaches 6.5 mm, which makes it juicy and tasty. Peppers of this variety can be processed, canned, stuffed, added to salads and other dishes.
The variety is protected from most diseases. Brings high yields - about 2.5 kg of ripe fruits can be removed from each bush (height up to 65 cm).
This variety belongs to the mid-season, therefore it is suitable for growing throughout Russia. Seeds for seedlings are sown in mid-March, and the seedlings are transferred to the ground after the onset of constant heat (in the second half of May).
The bushes are spreading, their height is small - 40-60 cm. The variety is suitable for growing both in a film greenhouse and in an open bed. It is better to cover the seedlings from the cold night with a film.
The peppers themselves are cube-shaped, rather large - the mass of one can reach 300 grams. At the stage of technical maturation, the Hercules pepper is colored bright green, after biological maturity it becomes bright red.
The wall thickness of the vegetable is up to 5.5 cm, its pulp is juicy and very aromatic. This variety is good in salads, appetizers, it can be stuffed and canned.
The plant is resistant to a variety of diseases. Up to 3 kg of peppers can be removed from each bush.
A variety with medium ripening periods. Suitable for growing in any greenhouse, as well as in the open field. For seedlings, seeds are sown after March 15th, the plants are transferred to a permanent place by mid-May. The timing of planting a variety in open ground depends on the climatic characteristics of the region - this should be done only when the heat is established and the threat of frost passes.
The fruits have a conical shape, standard for sweet peppers. Their size is average - the weight of each does not exceed 120 grams. At first, the peppers are colored green, after full ripening they turn red. The wall thickness of the variety is about 5 mm.
The bushes are low - from 35 to 70 cm. With sufficient watering and proper care, more than two kilograms of fruit can be obtained from each Arsenal bush.
This pepper can also be attributed to mid-season varieties, because its fruits ripen on the 110th day after planting the seeds.
The bushes grow medium - their height ranges from 60 to 80 cm. Therefore, it is better to tie up the shoots so that the branches with fruits do not break off. The shape of the fruit is an elongated cone. The surface is smooth and shiny. Initially, the peppers are colored dark green; by the onset of biological maturity, they turn red.
Often the weight of the fruit does not exceed 140 grams, but with proper care, 220-gram peppers of this variety can also be grown. The walls are thick - up to 5.5 mm, the pulp is juicy and very tasty.
A distinctive feature of the variety is the possibility of long-term storage. Another plus of the variety is its high yield (up to 3 kg of fruits per square meter).
This pepper is probably familiar to every gardener. The variety belongs to the mid-season, is distinguished by its adaptability - the culture can be successfully grown in regions with different climatic conditions.
The variety is also unpretentious to the composition of the soil - it can be grown on sandy and black earth, and even on clay soils. The variety gives consistently high yields, is protected from the most dangerous diseases, and is suitable for planting in open ground or in any greenhouse.
That is why the "Gift of Moldova" variety is often cultivated in fields and large gardens. It is excellent for sale: it is stored for a long time, has a beautiful appearance and excellent taste.
The fruits of this variety are cone-shaped and medium in size. The mass of each vegetable does not exceed 100 grams, but its walls are very thick - about 7 mm. The flesh is crispy, juicy and very aromatic. This pepper has its own unique taste.
The variety, tested by time and thousands of gardeners, easily falls into the category of the best for 2019.
Compact bushes of this variety reach a height of 70 cm and need to be tied up. The crop can be grown both in the greenhouse and in the open field. The plant is characterized by resistance to cold and a long fruiting period.
Even in the most severe climatic conditions, the variety gives stable yields - peppers of medium size, the weight of which does not exceed 120 grams. The wall thickness of the vegetable is more than 5 mm, which makes it juicy and appetizing. The color of the fruit is green at first, later the peppers turn red. Inside the vegetable there are four chambers with seeds, which can be safely collected for growing the next crops.
Peppers of the "Poltavsky" variety are universal: they are suitable for preparing salads, various dishes, stuffing and canning.
The fruits are formed at the same time and ripen quickly. The plant bears fruit within 100 days. The culture is not afraid of top rot, verticillosis, night frosts. Vegetables of this variety are considered one of the most mature - peppers can be stored for about three months.
On the 115th day after planting the seeds, you can taste the fruits of the "Lumina" variety. This bell pepper has long been known to gardeners and summer residents, most often, the variety is grown in the south of the country.
The culture is also suitable for cultivation in greenhouse conditions. The plant is considered resistant to most viruses and diseases. Bushes grow compact - up to 60 cm in height.
The fruits have a cone shape and an unusual color - at the stage of technical maturity they are pale golden with a milky sheen. After the onset of biological ripeness, they become bright red.
The average weight of peppers is about 110 grams. Their walls are thick - up to 5 mm. The taste of this vegetable cannot be confused with anything - the "Lumina" variety has its own pronounced aroma.
Another advantage is the possibility of transportation and long-term storage. This variety is one of the best-selling varieties.
These wonderful fruits can be enjoyed within 95 days after the seeds were sown for seedlings. A distinctive feature of the variety is the bright orange hue of vegetables. These peppers look great in salads and seaming, they are delicious fresh and various dishes.
The bushes of this variety are quite high - more than a meter. They must be tied up, it is better to grow them in a greenhouse or on a garden bed protected from the wind.
The fruits are very large - the weight of each exceeds 250-300 grams, and the length is 12 cm. The shape of the vegetable is cuboid, the walls are thick - up to 7 mm.
The plant is resistant to a variety of diseases and viruses, the variety can be grown in any region of the country.
This mid-season variety is known all over the world - it is grown not only by domestic gardeners. The first ripe fruits appear only on the 125th day after planting the seeds. Therefore, it is better to grow "California Miracle" by seedling in a greenhouse. But you can cultivate it in ordinary beds, covering the plants with a film at night.
The peppers are divided into 3-4 chambers and are cube-shaped. The mass of each reaches 180 grams - the pepper is large enough. The walls are about 7 mm thick. The pulp is juicy, aromatic, with an unsurpassed paprika taste.
Mature vegetables are colored dark green, then turn red or yellow (there are two varieties of the variety).
On each bush, about 5-6 peppers are tied, which allows you to get about 1.2 kilograms of harvest from one plant.
The plant is resistant to verticillium. They love the variety for its unpretentiousness and excellent taste.
There is no “potion” that will make pepper bushes fertile and persistent. This capricious plant needs regular care, pepper is not a culture that you can "visit" only on weekends.
In addition to a number of diseases and viruses, pests threaten plants, they must be detected and eliminated in time. All this takes the owner's time and labor. But if you take good care of the pepper, it will give you a whole storehouse of vitamins and useful microelements, help to improve your health and just enjoy the unsurpassed taste.
From the rating for 2019, you can safely choose any variety, all of them are worthy of the attention of farmers and, by right, are considered the best seeds of peppers. For a colorful assortment in jars and on plates, choose the multi-colored bell peppers.