The compost soil full of fungus?

Photo: Kitch Bain

We have run the compost mill hot with felled sly. What are the threads and can I use the compost soil now after the winter?

Response: The threads are fungal mycelium. It is not harmful to your plants. Use your compost soil in flower beds and plantations that have bare open soil, as the fungal mycelium needs access to a layer of decaying plant parts to be able to establish itself.

That there have been a lot of mushrooms is not so strange or unusual. A garden compost is yummy for mushrooms, and there is good access to decaying organic material.

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Best mushroom year in a long time - explosion in the forest

Now there is gold in the forest.
After a few bad mushroom years, it's finally time for all mushroom pickers to rejoice.
This year, no one goes home empty-handed.
- It is a real gold mine - just to go out and harvest, says mushroom enthusiast Beatrice Juhlin-Dannfelt, 66.

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Legs and back ache, the pants are muddy - and the rain showers take turns.

There are finally mushrooms in the forest.

For the past two years, the autumns have been dry and mushroom-poor - hardly even a funnel chanterelle has looked up.

Use compost soil

How do I use my compost soil? I get quite a lot of soil but it is poor in nutrients because it is garden waste + a little from the kitchen such as vegetable waste, coffee grounds etc. Everywhere you read that you have to pay for the best soil in the shopping bag, but it feels wrong when I have so much compost.

Of course, I use it in the flowerbeds as soil improvement, but how can I mix it if I want to use it for pot cultivation, for example. to tomatoes and flower urns in the garden?

Can I put compost soil in flower beds and vegetable land this autumn?

I think it would be nice to have it done in the spring because you have to wait until it thaws. Should it be buried in the ground?

You do not have to pay for purchase land at all, compost soil is really excellent for most things, so also for flower urns and more. Mix the compost soil with cow manure in the spring when you are going to plant. You can also mix in some long-acting nutrient balls or water with liquid fertilizer from time to time during the summer.

Of course, you can lay out compost soil in flower beds and vegetable land this autumn, but expect that some of the nutrients have time to leach out during the winter, so rather mulch the compost soil in the spring if you can wait.

Negative climatic conditions

If you start to turn yellow needles in the summer, you should be careful. Most likely the cause of yellowness is adverse climatic conditions associated with hot and dry weather. In this case, the pine does not have enough moisture to feed the upper branches and needles, which leads to them drying. The heat is especially bad for young, newly transplanted pine plants. Since the transplanting process, the root system is practically not adapted to the new soil, the roots can not fully absorb all the nutrients, and the lack of moisture complicates the process, leading to drying. Older, rooted trees are considered more resistant to drought.

Heavy rainfall also affects the condition of pine and its crowns. Saturation with moisture can lead to diseases of pine and subsequent yellowing of coniferous shoots.

Polluted air has a direct impact on the growth of conifers and their frequent updating. Near major highways, as well as near industrial companies, the number will be inconvenient.

Incorrect fit

An important role in the good and healthy growth of pine, as well as in the formation of a beautiful crown is the right fit. Deciding to plant a pine on your site requires special attention when choosing a seedling. The color of the needles of a young tree should be light green without yellowness. The roots of the seedlings must be branched, "alive" in appearance and without damage.

After buying a seedling, you need to choose the right place for its planting. It must be open. When planting several trees in between, you should keep a distance of up to 5-6 m, as an adult pine can have a crown circumference of up to 5 m.

At the time of planting, the requirements for the composition of the soil must be loose and sandy.

The red neck during planting should not protrude above the ground. The roots of the tree must be deep underground. And to prevent the soil from drying out, mulching should be carried out, which also contributes to the slow growth of weeds.

If the figure was planted correctly, the crown should not turn yellow. And if, nevertheless, the needles began to turn yellow, and this process began from the bottom, without affecting the young shoots at the end of the branches, then it is likely that the tree will adapt to new conditions.

Improper care

Another reason why pine needles turn yellow is poor care for it.

As a rule, the figure does not like excessive moisture, but also does not tolerate drought. Young trees, which are only transplanted to the site, require watering at least once a week. In this case, a tree should be poured up to 30 liters of water. In recent years, it is necessary to water the figure for the summer period 2-3 times depending on precipitation. It is necessary to water with warm water, up to 90 liters under the tree.

Warning! Water spruce should be subject to precipitation. If it rains frequently, the water must be reduced, otherwise it will lead to water logging.

Top dressing also affects crown color. For the correct light green color need plate phosphorus and iron. If the needles start to turn yellow, it tells about the lack of these trace elements.

In the absence of proper care, excessive or sparse watering, and even without further feeding, the transplanted tree can not only turn yellow, but also die.

Bring a knife and a basket when you are out picking. Picking in a plastic bag can make the fungus bad before you get home. Roughly clean the mushrooms at once and pick only fresh mushrooms, this way you keep the mushrooms clean and facilitate the cleaning before you cook the mushrooms.

Allow small fungi to remain in the forest and grow and avoid the largest ones as they may be infested with insects.

Cecilia Hultqvist suggests joining a mushroom forum on Facebook to get answers to your questions and recommends that you take a mushroom book out into the woods to make sure you pick the right mushrooms.

- A good mushroom book is A and O. It must be updated, things happen all the time. The value of food is re-evaluated and things we used to eat can today be classified as poisonous mushrooms, she says.

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The Swedish seasons

Sweden is one of quite a few countries with very changing seasons. Many of us have a tendency to complain about our colder parts of the year and have a longing for warmer latitudes. But think about what fantastic cultivation opportunities we have here and what changing activities we can carry out depending on what season we are in. We also have the chance to see a white and frosty winter every year, the beautiful colors of spring, the warmth and greenery of summer and the beautiful autumn. and warm colors as well as all the delicious fruits, berries and mushrooms we can harvest. No two seasons are really the same, but everyone offers their own advantages and of course disadvantages as well.

When it comes to cultivation, of course, summer and autumn are the best seasons. Spring is the starting point to start planning and so before the summer harvests. When autumn comes, it in itself offers both fruit, berries and mushrooms that come in abundance. Sweden with our right of public access so that even city dwellers can trudge straight out into the woods to reap the delights that our fantastic nature offers us completely on its own. If we make sure to take advantage of this, we can stock up on both juice, jam, marmalades and have the freezer full of fresh berries during the winter. It is simply a matter of keeping up and taking advantage of the season when it is in full swing.

You don't have to have your own garden

Even for you who are interested in gardening but do not have access to any garden, there are many options. In addition to taking advantage of the autumn delicacies that our fantastic forest offers, it is excellent to grow yourself in pots on the balcony or in the kitchen window. Many plants are excellent to grow in this way and it is also a perfect way to be close to fresh vegetables while cooking dinner. If you want to take it all a little further but not move away from the city or buy a summer place, there are usually allotments in each city. Either it can be a larger plot with a small cottage or just a smaller arable area. This may be the perfect option for you who are interested in cultivation but do not get a place on the balcony. Having some outdoor furniture and having a coffee among all the greenery is usually unbeatable on a hot summer day.

If, on the other hand, you have access to your own garden with many possibilities, it can instead be difficult to know what you can actually do and what you want. There is no need for that currant bush, but there are endless alternatives with everything from your own potato field to pears or cherry trees. Only the imagination and of course our Swedish climate that puts a stop.

Video: Catalyst Bioamendments, the Compost Company. REGENERATIVE SOIL with Matt Powers

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