Clematis is popular with both professional landscape designers and amateur gardeners. Of all their variety, it is recommended to take a closer look at the large-flowered variety Rouge Cardinal, which has a very rich shade of petals.
Rouge Cardinal (Rouge Cardinal), aka "Red Cardinal" - a hybrid of clematis, bred in France in 1968. Its "parents" were the varieties Pourpre Mat and Ville de Lyon.
Rouge Cardinal inherited a large flower size from Clematis Ville de Lyon
The length of the vine with thin shoots reaches 3-4 m. Young stems are lettuce-colored, gradually turning brown. The leaves are not too large, trifoliate, leathery to the touch. The root system is developed - along with thin fibrous roots growing in breadth, a pivotal root is formed, extending 1–1.5 m deep.
Liana is characterized by increased tenacity. She "climbs" on almost any support. During the season, the stems are able to entwine, for example, a tree trunk, completely hiding it. Another characteristic feature of the hybrid is its high growth rate. But it manifests itself only in warm climates (under optimal conditions, the vine gives 8-10 cm of growth every day), if it is cool outside, the process, on the contrary, slows down.
The ability of Clematis Rouge Cardinal to "climb" on a support provides ample opportunities for its use in landscape design
Rouge Cardinal blooms for clematis late - from early July to September-October. The buds are formed only on the growth of this year, which makes it possible to refer it to the third pruning group. The flowering is very abundant, the greenery is practically invisible. The hybrid does not belong to re-flowering.
For two or more months, Clematis Rouge Cardinal is literally strewn with flowers
Fully opened simple flowers reach 15 cm in diameter. Six velvety petals shimmer in different shades of dark cherry, burgundy and purple. The stamens are thin, dark pink or crimson with a golden brown tint, collected in a kind of ball.
Clematis flower Rouge Cardinal very successfully combines large size, rich shade and interesting texture of petals
Among the undoubted advantages of the variety (especially in the eyes of Russian gardeners) are frost resistance up to -30–34 ° C, good resistance to fungal diseases and comparative lack of capriciousness in care. The lifespan of a vine is 20–25 years.
Clematis Rouge Cardinal is widely used for vertical landscaping of the site. Liana completely "braids" walls, fences, stair railings, gazebos, trellises, pergolas, arches, and other decorative supports. Bright greens and purple flowers look especially impressive on a light background. In compositions nearby, it is also better to plant white, pale pink, yellowish flowers.
The combination of clematis and roses is a European trend of recent years, the Rouge Cardinal variety is suitable for soft pastel-colored roses as "companions"
Nothing supernatural in terms of leaving Clematis Rouge Cardinal is required. But certain nuances of agricultural technology also need to be taken into account:
For abundant and regular flowering, Clematis Rouge cardinal requires sun, but in direct sunlight the petals gradually fade
The frequency of watering clematis is determined by the weather outside and how often it rains
Clematis mulching helps protect the roots from overheating, which Rouge Cardinal perceives very negatively.
Special fertilizers for clematis can not always be found in stores; for the Rouge Cardinal variety, universal dressings for decorative flowering are quite suitable
The third group of clematis pruning provides for almost complete removal of shoots every autumn.
Clematis cuttings root quite well, this breeding method is popular with gardeners
In general, Rouge Cardinal is not considered a particularly "painful" variety of clematis. But the following problems when growing are still not excluded:
Wilt is a disease that cannot yet be cured with modern means
With fusarium, the process of wilting and drying of the aerial part of clematis takes no more than 7-10 days
You can be sure of root nematode infection only by digging clematis out of the ground.
A spider mite is not an insect, therefore insecticides are useless to combat it, special preparations are needed
It is impossible to cure plants affected by fungi, they are dug up and destroyed. Firstly, the process of infection is proceeding at a rapid pace, and secondly, on the aerial part of the plant, symptoms appear only when it is already irreversible.
For the prevention of these and others (powdery mildew, rust, anthracnose, rot) fungal diseases, any fungicides are used. It can be both long-proven remedies (Bordeaux liquid, copper sulfate), and modern drugs (Topaz, Horus, Skor, Strobi). Treatments are carried out in early spring and late autumn and are repeated during the season every 2-3 weeks, if rainy, cool weather sets in, contributing to the development of diseases.
The range of copper-containing preparations is very wide; they can be purchased at any agricultural store.
The lack of flowering is most often the wine of the gardener himself:
Clematis Rouge Cardinal immediately attracts attention due to its large size and bright saturated color of flowers. But decorativeness is not its only advantage. The variety is distinguished by frost resistance, endurance and good immunity.
Clematis President is a perennial plant from the Buttercup family. It is appreciated by gardeners for its spectacular long flowering, frost resistance and unpretentious care. Flowers are no less popular among landscape designers, which is due to the ability to decorate with them all kinds of vertical structures.
Clematis (this plant is also known as the vine or clematis) began to be grown in Western Europe in the 16th century. In the course of mixing different species, many varieties and species have appeared. Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegance was bred by F. Morel in France in 1900. Belongs to the Viticella group, representing perennial woody lianas. Winner of the Royal Horticultural Society Award.
Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegance is shown in the photo:
Clematis is recognized as the best among the varieties. Rubens... Its vine can reach 10 meters. Its stems are purple, and the leaves, reaching 15 centimeters in size, have a beautiful green color with a bronze tint. The flowers of the variety are red-pink or purple.
Clematis varieties "Marjorie" also belongs to the Montana group. Its liana is about 6 meters long, and the flowers are copper-pink-salmon in color. "Elizabeth" Is a fast growing variety of clematis. This variety also has abundant flowering. Its flowers are pink. It should be noted that this is a thermophilic variety, therefore, it requires particularly careful care in preparation for winter.
We have already said that clematis is unpretentious in terms of care. But in order for it to bloom as long as possible, you still need to take care of it. There are not so many operations in this regard:
As for watering the plant, clematis Niobe, like its other varieties, is very picky about the liquid, respectively, during the growth period it must be moistened especially carefully. Water it abundantly once a week, a maximum of once every 5 days. You can check how much the plant needs watering at a depth of about 20 centimeters, because this is how the root system of the flower is located. If the soil is dry, then it is imperative to water the plant.
It is imperative to apply the necessary fertilizers so that the flower grows to the desired height, this requires a lot of nutrient components.
Since clematis of this species is a large-flowered plant, it is best to feed it once every two weeks. For 1-2 bushes, about 10 liters of solution is usually used, you cannot save on this.
During the growth of the plant, nitrogen is usually used for feeding. If the plant receives it in sufficient quantities, then powerful shoots will be provided, and the leaves will be exactly green, and not yellow or red. But the absence of nitrogen can negatively affect the plant, which is why it must be constantly present in the soil during flowering.
Phosphorus is a very important element. Its absence can be determined by the fact that the leaves almost instantly turn purple, and the shoots are very poorly developed. The best way to use this fertilizer is to add bone meal at the beginning of autumn along with the main dressing. Superphosphate is also used if necessary.
Pruning is also an important part of grooming. The success of clematis flowering depends on it. Pruning is done several times throughout the season.
The first pruning is done right at the time of planting, the shoots must be shortened to increase the duration of flowering. And the second pruning is carried out at the beginning of the flowering period. Vines are pruned to buds so that there are more new shoots. The last time clematis is cut before winter and the entire aboveground layer is removed.
In the first year after planting the plant in the fall, it must be pruned over the third pair of buds, depending on the pruning group and variety. This is done so that the plant takes root better, becomes stronger and better bush.
There are three groups of clematis pruning:
Clematis Niobe is a perennial plant that can grow in one location for 25 years. For this reason, the site must be very well prepared even before planting, as described in the material. And to protect the plant from overheating, you can put small annuals around it.Before wrapping it up for the winter, be sure to remove plant debris like fallen leaves that are nearby.
This plant is not particularly demanding to care for, but it should still be present if you want clematis to delight you with lush flowering.
The Omoshiro variety can withstand frosts down to -23 ° C, so a shelter is necessary for it. It is important to carefully cover the soil around the roots. If this is not done, waterlogging of the soil will occur in the spring. With night frosts, the water freezes and the ice damages the roots. Clematis begins to cover at the end of October. To do this, use the earth, weathered peat. Additionally, a layer of spruce branches is laid.
In the spring, the shelter is gradually removed.
The decorative properties of Zhakman clematis are used extremely widely. The bushes bloom for a long time and very abundantly (often more than 500 flowers on each), creating real "living walls". These plants are planted near porches, verandas and gazebos, with their help, they hide not very attractive areas of hedges, as well as blank walls of buildings. Many summer residents prefer to build an individual support for each clematis (often of a complex, interesting shape), or plant several different varieties along a free-standing long trellis. Vines are able not only to climb up the supports, but also to position the stems obliquely or horizontally. This property allows clematis to be used as ground cover plants when decorating low fences, alpine hills or walls that serve for zoning garden plots.
Clematis "Zhakmana" are widely used in landscape design not only for vertical gardening, but also as ground cover plants for decorating alpine hills or low fences
Amateur gardeners, passionate about the cultivation of clematis, often create wonderful compositions, planting a number of varieties with flowers of various colors. This takes into account the possibility of changing the "color palette" not only vertically, but also horizontally. The fact is that the varieties of clematis differ from each other not only in the shape and color of flowers, but also in their location on the stems. Planting next to low-growing varieties and clematis blooming on the upper half of the shoots, you can achieve amazingly spectacular results. In addition, flowering vines are in perfect harmony with rose bushes, especially climbing and park. Both crops need similar agricultural techniques and the same pruning for the winter, which greatly simplifies planting care.
Clematis can be used for landscaping balconies, loggias and patios. Both short and tall varieties are suitable for this, but it is better to give preference to varieties that have a not too powerful root system, which does not dry out in the heat and does not freeze in frost, being placed in a planting container (pot, container or tub). Recently, such plants are increasingly attracting the attention of specialists involved in the design of interior interiors. They quite actively use clematis to decorate office and even residential premises.
Cut stems of flowering clematis vines look harmoniously in bouquets with other flowers and serve as a decoration for the interior of a home or office
In a cut form, flowering stems of vines are included in bouquets. Sometimes, large flowers are used to decorate the premises, separated from the shoots and immersed in flat containers of water, which looks especially interesting in the cold season. Enthusiasts (so far quite few) obtain the material intended for such decoration by forcing low-growing varieties of clematis in winter forcing in greenhouses.
Clematis are not without reason considered the "kings" of decorative lianas. They can decorate any site, help in zoning the garden, and hide visual defects in buildings. The varieties included in the Zhakman group are easy to plant and care for, unpretentious and surprisingly diverse. This makes them one of the most popular plants that have earned excellent reviews from many Russian summer residents.
The culture does not require special care; for successful cultivation, it is enough to fulfill a number of simple requirements:
With proper care, the plant will give you bright colors and abundant flowering, and will delight you with its beauty all year round.
How to grow clematis, see the tips in the following detailed video: