Full Description of Cylinder Beet Grade


The Cylindra beet variety has gained popularity among modern gardeners. This fact is explained by the simplicity of cultivation and decent taste. The description and characteristics of this variety are discussed in this article.

Description and characteristics of the type of cylinder

The cylinder is a mid-season table variety. Ripening period from the moment of planting 120 days. Root crops of maroon color, cylindrical in shape with thin skin. Dark red flesh without pronounced white rings, sweetish taste. Average size: length 16 cm, diameter 9 cm.Weight in the range of 250 - 600 g.

Shelf life is more than 4 months. Due to its resistance to species diseases, the variety is high-yielding, it is 8-10 kg per 1 m2. This is also facilitated by the compact placement of root crops in the garden.

Advantages and disadvantages

The biological composition allows the use of beets for medicinal purposes. Regular use in food heals the activity of the intestines, liver, kidneys, cardiovascular system.

Cylinder beet variety from the Dutch selection. It is cultivated throughout the Russian Federation in the open field. In the middle lane and in Siberia, the seedling method of growing is practiced for early harvest. It shortens the ripening period of the fruit by 3 weeks.

The Cylinder grade is sensitive to low temperatures. Sowing is carried out after the onset of stable warm weather without recurrent frosts. Cold can provoke the appearance of peduncles.

The advantages of the variety include the following qualities:

  • a variety of pleasant taste with a unique set of vitamins and microelements, suitable for making salads, soups, various preparations;
  • has a high yield with minimal maintenance;
  • during long-term storage, it does not lose its properties and taste;
  • saves space on the garden plot, due to the elongated shape it takes up a small area;
  • high marketability.

Disadvantages are not registered.

Soil preparation, planting and cultivation of beets

Cylinder cultivation is carried out by seed and seedling methods. The latter method is more time consuming and risky. Saplings take root painfully and do not tolerate a drop in temperature. Seeds are chosen with good germination from trusted producers. It is necessary to work with them according to the recommendations on the sachet.

The cylinder loves the sun, warmth and moisture. Its taste depends on the level of acidity of the soil; a sweeter taste can be achieved by adding lime or dolomite flour to the soil. This technique neutralizes whitish rings on the cut of the root crop.

Planting material is sorted by size, treated with pink potassium permanganate solution or ash infusion. You can use ready-made growth stimulants Zircon or Epin. Then the washed seeds must be placed in a humid environment for swelling. We choose an open, sunny place for landing.

Root crops grow best on loose, fertile soils with an acid-base balance of pH from 5 to 8, that is, closer to neutral. With a deviation from these indicators, the fruits are more often affected by diseases and poorly stored.

Observing the rule of crop rotation, beets should be planted in a garden bed where cucumbers, tomatoes, legumes, onions or zucchini grew. Spinach is a poor precursor. Fresh manure should not be introduced into the beds, this causes an increased level of nitrates and deformation of the fruit.

Sowing Cylinders are carried out in the second or third decade of May, at an optimum air temperature of + 12-14 degrees, and the soil is not lower than +7. The specific planting time depends on the climatic conditions.

Beets are recommended to be cultivated in beds 100 cm wide, at least 20 cm high.

The seeding pattern is 25 * 6 cm with a seeding depth of 2.5-3 cm. The soil must be moist. After planting, the ridges need to be mulched. In warm weather, at temperatures above +20 degrees, seedlings will appear on the 5th day. With the threat of return frosts, it will not be superfluous to take care of covering the beds with spunbond.

When planting in seedlings, it must be remembered that the seedlings must have tops of less than 7 cm for good survival. The main root should be slightly shortened, planted in loose moist soil, followed by watering. We work on a cloudy day.

Care rules

Beet growing technology involves following simple rules:

  • seedlings are thinned out in three stages until the final distance between them is 9-10 cm;
  • carry out systematic weeding and loosening of the soil;
  • feeding control the content of trace elements. At the beginning of the growing season, fertilizers are applied with nitrogen. Potassium then becomes the most important element. It is better to make up for its lack with wood ash. Phosphorus, magnesium and boron are equally important. A good result is given by top dressing with fermented herbal infusion;

To maximize the benefits of beets, do not fertilize them with chemistry. Root vegetables quickly accumulate nitrates.

  • watering should be done in moderation, it is especially important during the period of seed germination and the formation of root crops. Watering is practically stopped 15 days before harvesting the beets.

Experienced gardeners add 1 tbsp when watering. a spoonful of table salt in a bucket of water to increase sugar content and protect against pests.

Features of the variety

  1. The main feature of the variety is the formation of a root crop above the soil surface. Havea long root crop is submerged in the ground only a third of its length.
  2. The unique property of fast cooking distinguishes this beet. The Cylinder variety is suitable for cooking and preserving various dishes.
  3. The variety is distinguished by good keeping quality, it is stored until the next harvest without signs of rot.

Disease and pest control

Cylinder beets are immune to most diseases, but the necessary measures must be taken. Maximum attention must be paid to the prevention of diseases, preventing them.

The appearance of diseases is promoted by:

  • heavy texture of the soil;
  • excessive moisture;
  • thickening of plants;
  • getting seedlings under frost;
  • care errors.

Preventive measures:

  • compliance with the rules of crop rotation;
  • competent preparation of seeds and beds;
  • implementation of agrotechnical rules for care.

If, contrary to all the points fulfilled, painful phenomena have appeared, we will consider specific measures to combat them:

  • Fomoz. Fungal type of the disease. It is manifested by rot in the core of the fruit, spots on the lower leaves. The reason is the lack of boron. We apply foliar treatment with boric acid.
  • Downy mildew. Lilac-gray bloom on the leaves, the leaves dry out and rot. We use fungicides.
  • Cercosporosis. Oppresses the tops, does not allow the root crop to develop. The reason is a lack of potassium. We carry out top dressing with ash or potassium chloride. We monitor the timely weeding.
  • Korneed. Black leg infectious disease. The reason is that the soil does not breathe, it is heavy and too damp. We carry out deoxidation of the soil with chalk, lime, loosen the aisles. We introduce boron. We destroy diseased plants.
  • Brown rot. Gray bloom on beets. The reason is an excess of nitrogen at high humidity. A cardinal measure of control is the destruction of diseased plants. It is not recommended to use this area for beets for 2-3 years.
  • Insects are pests. Beetroot fly and aphid, flea beetles, shield beet. Deep digging of ridges in the fall and regular weeding will help prevent their appearance. Control measures - the use of insecticides such as Inta-Vir, the use of folk methods.

Recall that a prerequisite for a high, healthy harvest is competent care in compliance with all agrotechnical rules.


The Cylindra beet variety was developed by Dutch breeders. It is included in the Russian State Register and is recommended for growing in any region.

The variety has its own characteristics: The cylinder is a thermophilic culture. It is not recommended for early planting, since at temperatures below 5 ° C, many young seedlings die, and the surviving ones go into bloom without a root vegetable ovary.

Distinctive features

Low frost resistance determines the seedling method of sowing in the northern regions of Russia. In the southern regions, sowing directly into the ground is possible, as soon as the temperature at night stops dropping below 5 ° C.

The variety does not tolerate shade well; the crop should be sown in open sunny areas. With insufficient lighting, root crops are tied poorly, and the tops are growing.

Cylinder beets require special attention to the soil. It grows best on peat bogs, black earth, sandy loam and loamy soils. The last 2 types of soils require additional composting from autumn to the garden where it is planned to grow beets.

Attention! Beets do not tolerate the introduction of fresh manure. It is worth choosing a place for beets taking into account the fact that manure was applied to the garden no later than 2 seasons ago.

Fruit characteristics, yield

The cylinder has a characteristic fruit appearance: elongated, cylindrical, up to 7-9 cm thick, maroon color. When cut, the pulp has a uniform color of a dark, saturated shade. The average length of root crops is about 17 cm.The weight of the fruit is 300-550 g.

The roots are juicy. They have a thin skin, but they keep well. Taste qualities of the Cylinders are highly appreciated by experts: the pulp is soft, sweet.

The yield of Cylinder beets is on average 10 kg per 1 m², but if you take good care of the vegetable, you can achieve a volume of 11-12 kg.


Description

The leaf socket is small, semi-erect. Leaves are medium in size, elongated, with a moderately pronounced wavy edge. The plate is glossy, bright green, with contrasting pink-violet veins. The petiole is not too long. Like the veins, it is intensely colored with anthocyanins.

The root crop is elongated, cylindrical, even, sometimes slightly curved, with a small pointed tip, medium-sized head, flat, protruding above the soil surface. Length from 16 cm, diameter 4 - 5 cm. Weight from 250 to 600 grams. The skin is thin, dark red, but on the protruding part of the root vegetable it may have a slight greenish tint. The pulp of the variety is dark red, without contrasting rings (although some sources indicate a slight ringing), tender in consistency and very juicy. The beets taste pleasant, sweet. Many people note a pleasant aroma. Taste The cylinders are characterized as good and excellent.


Features of growing and harvesting

For planting Cylinder beets, seed and seedling methods are used on the site. The latter is needed in the northern regions in order to have time to collect vegetables from the beds before the first frost. The plant does not tolerate a sharp cold snap, so you need to wait until a positive temperature is established, and the soil warms up to six degrees. If there is a likelihood of recurrent frosts, the planting should be covered with a film.

Cylinder beet growing gives high yields in areas where previously grown:

  • potatoes
  • cucumbers
  • onion
  • pumpkin
  • zucchini.

It is permissible to plant seeds in late October - early November for winter sowing. In spring, they are buried in the ground in April - May, depending on climatic conditions. Harvest from August to September.

The land is needed fertile, with neutral acidity; in the case of heavy soil, sowing on ridges is used.

Beet planting scheme Cylinder: 25 x 10 cm, seeding depth 2-4 cm. The place should not be shaded, not flooded. The soil is prepared in the fall by deep digging with the simultaneous introduction of fertilizers and ash or dolomite flour to reduce acidity if necessary. Large clods do not need to be broken, during winter frosts they will freeze better, and infections and pests will die.

Planting and leaving

It is advisable to subject the seed to preliminary preparation. First, it is tested for germination by placing it in salt water, floating specimens are removed. Hardening is carried out by alternating holding for 2-3 hours in hot water, and then in cold water. For disinfection, a solution of potassium permanganate is used. Further - soaking in a growth stimulator and germination, if the seedling propagation method is used.

Growing Cylinder beets without losing part of the harvest is possible only with proper care. It is necessary to thin the seedlings so that about 10 cm remains between them in the end. Loosening of row spacings, weeding from weeds is required. Watering is important during periods of seed germination and root crop formation. The rest of the time is carried out depending on the weather. But in case of drought, it is necessary to carry out at least 5-6 times. At the same time, we must not forget that the culture does not tolerate waterlogging.

Top dressing is not needed if complex mineral fertilizers were added during planting. In addition, you will only need to add nutritional mixtures if symptoms of nutritional deficiencies appear. Periodically, you can feed the plantings with a diluted infusion of weeds or yeast fertilizer. Watering with salted water (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water) will help to form a large root crop.

Cylinder beets are resistant to disease, but lack of nutrients leads to unpleasant symptoms. For example, phomosis occurs with a lack of boron. The problem is solved by foliar feeding with boric acid. An excess of nutrients are also harmful. Excess nitrogen causes the appearance of brown rot, is deposited in the form of nitrates and nitrites, and also gives the root vegetable a bitter earthy taste.

Compliance with agrotechnical rules of cultivation prevents the appearance of pests on plants, but they must be regularly inspected and, if necessary, immediately taken measures. Often, beets are annoyed by aphids, beet flies, flea beetles, and scaly beetles. To combat them, folk methods, biological products or insecticides are used, if the first 2 options did not help. You can spud the protruding head of the vegetable, trying not to cover the rosette of leaves with earth.

Collection and storage

Ripe roots must be removed from the beds before the first frost occurs. Stop watering 2 weeks before the expected harvest. Dig the earth around a little to make it easier to get the fruits out of the earth. It is important not to cut off the root or damage the skin, as this will shorten the storage time. It is advisable not to tear off the adhered earth, but wait until it falls off after drying. Cut the tops, leaving a stump of 2-3 cm. Dry the crop in partial shade, if the weather is good, or in a ventilated area.

You need to store the beets of the Cylinder in a pit, cellar or basement. Optimum conditions: ambient temperature + 1-2 ° C, relative humidity 90-95%. Compliance with them will save root crops until spring. The prepared crop can be folded into wooden boxes of 10-20 kg, sprinkled with dry sand. Storage with potatoes is acceptable.

Cylinder beets give high yields, occupying a small area, due to their unusual shape. Complex care is not required for it, but it is important to avoid waterlogging and frost.


So, if you decide to grow a Cylinder on your site, then take note of all the nuances of caring for this late-ripening variety.

The estimated cost of the Cylinder seeds is as follows:

  • in St. Petersburg - 8 rubles. for a bag of 3 g, 720 p. per 1 kg
  • in Moscow - 9 rubles. for 3 g, 730-750 p. for 1 kg.

The price also depends on the volume of purchased seeds - bulk purchases, as a rule, are cheaper.

Boarding time

This variety is planted when there is no longer frost - usually at the very end of spring. The cylinder is afraid of cold weather during germination. For this reason, it is necessary to take up the landing with the arrival of heat.

Choosing a landing site

The cylinder is light-requiring. It should not be planted in the shade of trees, fences, next to tall plants.For the purpose of planting beets, a plot of fertile soil is separated. In case the soil is depleted, complex fertilizers are applied.

It is better to plant beets in those parts of the garden where crops such as were previously grown:

  • zucchini
  • onion
  • tomato
  • cucumbers
  • legumes.

If spinach, radish or cabbage has previously grown on the ground, then it is strongly recommended to change the location for disembarkation.

Ground requirements

Loose, fertile soils with pH 4-8, close to neutral, are preferred. With soil acidity above this norm, root crops are more often affected by diseases and are worse preserved.

Landing

Sowing the Cylinder can be done in two ways:

  1. Seedlings. For optimal survival of seedlings, the length of shoots transferred to open ground should be at least 7 cm. The main root must be slightly reduced (cut) and planted in loose soil with further watering. It is advisable to plant on a cloudy day.
  2. Seeds, they need to be sorted out and kept for 24 hours in a special solution or on wood ash (2 tablespoons per 1 liter of warm water). This solution provides the embryos with minerals. The seeds are then placed on a damp germination cloth. In the ground, grooves are made with a depth of 2-3 cm, watered with water at room temperature. When the seedlings reach 3-4 cm in height, they need to be thinned out.

The seedling method is used to harvest 2-3 weeks earlier than the seed method.

Temperature

The cylinder belongs to the thermophilic varieties. To plant a vegetable, the air must warm up to + 12 ... + 14 degrees, the soil to + 7 ° C. If there is a danger of a return of cold snaps, the beds should be covered, otherwise you can lose the entire crop.

Watering

Irrigation should be carried out in small quantities, especially at a time when the seed is just germinating and the fruit is forming. Watering is stopped two weeks before harvesting. Some summer residents fall asleep 1 tbsp. l. salt in a bucket of water in order to increase sugar content and protect against pests.

Top dressing

Nitrogen fertilizing is added at the beginning of the growing season. Then potassium is significant for the plant. Its shortage will be filled by the introduction of wood ash. A good result is shown by feeding with an infusion of herbs - nettle, chamomile, clover. Boric, magnesium and phosphorus fertilizers are also used.

Other care measures

As soon as the seeds have sprouted, it is necessary to make a pick to leave enough space for future root crops (15-18 cm between shoots).

The cylinder needs mulching. It is carried out as soon as the height of the sprout reaches 15 cm. Mulch protects plantings from frost, heat, weeds, drying out of the soil. Eliminates frequent irrigation, weeding and loosening. As it decomposes, it becomes an additional fertilizer for beets.

Suitable organic mulch:

  • grass
  • small leaves
  • compost
  • hay
  • nettle
  • straw.

  • cardboard
  • covering material.

It is important to weed and loosen the soil in a timely manner.

When to clean up

Harvested in September, in sunny weather. During the harvesting period, the tops are immediately cut off. Vegetables are dried, cleaned from the ground and sent for storage. Digging is carried out with a shovel, care is needed in order not to spoil the root crop and not to break off the root. Harvesting damage threatens vegetables to rot.

You can see that the root crop has formed by the following indicators:

  • small lateral roots appeared on the root crop
  • the lower leaves turned yellow, withered and began to dry out.


Seed treatment

Planting material must be sorted by size and tucked in with pre-sowing treatment, following the following guidelines:

  1. Check seeds for germination. To do this, soak them in salt water. Floated specimens are hollow, so they need to be eliminated, and the remaining seeds must be further processed.
  2. For hardening, soak the seeds first for 2-3 hours in hot water, and then for the same amount in cold water.
  3. In order to disinfect the seeds, treat the seeds with an infusion of wood ash or a pink solution of potassium permanganate. You can also use growth stimulants (Zircon, Epin). Rinse the seeds after processing.
  4. If you plan to use a seedling growing method, place the planting material in a humid environment for 1-2 days for germination.


Varieties for Siberia

The most adapted for the Siberian climate are the varieties: Siberian flat, Podzimnyaya, Krasny ice, Mashenka, Krasny bogatyr, Odnorostkovaya, Incomparable, Bordeaux 327, Cold-resistant, Pablo, Cylinder.

Siberian Flat Beet

An early variety, ripens in 98-100 days. The shape is flat. Beets are dark and reddish-purple in color. Weight 200-400 grams. The taste is great. The variety is cold-resistant, disease-resistant.

Winter

Podzimnyaya variety

Medium early grade. The shape is round. Weight 200-400 grams. The color of the pulp is burgundy. The variety is cold-resistant, resistant to most diseases.

Red ice grade

Red ice grade

Ripens in 100 days. The pulp is bright, with small rings. The weight of root crops is 200–300 grams. 4-5.5 kilograms of beets are harvested from a square meter.

Red hero

High-yielding variety. The shape is cylindrical. The skin is thin, dark red. Pulp without rings. Weight 200-550 grams. Productivity from a square 8-10 kilograms.

Mashenka

Variety Mashenka

Mid-season and high-yielding variety. Dark red variety without light rings. The shape is cylindrical, smooth. Up to 9 kilograms of fruits are harvested from a meter. Fruit weight 310-600 grams. The fruits are delicious. The plant is not susceptible to disease.

Growing beetroot seedlings can increase the likelihood of a good harvest. The best option for planting is the cassette method. With this planting, 1 plant grows in a separate cell and planting and thinning is not required.

Under favorable conditions, an excellent harvest can be harvested by September - early October.

Sweet varieties for central Russia, Moscow region, Siberia: a hybrid of Pablo, Detroit round, Incomparable, Cylinder.

Some of the most widely used and loved by gardeners varieties of the Urals and Siberia are: Red Ice, Bikores, Siberian flat, Mulatka, Krasny Bogatyr, Mondoro F1, Mashenka, Vital cylinder.

Dark varieties of beets are in great demand, suitable for preparing various snacks, juices, first and second courses, salads, and blanks.

All these varieties, with proper agrotechnical work, give an excellent yield of high-quality fruits.


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