We fertilize the currants correctly, and we get a high yield


Currant is one of the most common plants in summer cottages. Housewives appreciate its berries for their excellent taste and an abundance of nutrients, and gardeners - for their unpretentious care. It is believed that currants are long-lived and can delight with their fruits up to 15 years. Experienced gardeners know that without proper care this shrub will not stop bearing fruit, but the quality and quantity of the crop will noticeably decrease, and in order to avoid plant degeneration, currants need not only to be watered and pruned, but also given additional nutrition.

Why you need to fertilize currants

This necessity is connected, first of all, with the fact that the currant draws its strength from the soil, gradually taking away the necessary substances and microelements, and thereby depleting it. It is much easier to provide additional food for the shrub than to periodically transplant it to a new location. Correct fertilization stimulates the growth of the bush, increases the number and size of berries, and improves their taste.

When fertilizing, be sure to consider the following factors:

  • soil composition;
  • time of the previous feeding;
  • the stage of vegetation of the plant.

Fertilized currants bear fruit much more actively

Fertilization of the shrub should be regular, since nutrients from the soil are consumed not only by currants, they are also washed out by water and eroded.

When is it better to fertilize currants

Currant reacts well to both organic and mineral fertilizers, which can be applied under the root or foliarly by spraying the bush. You need to give the plant additional nutrition several times during the spring-autumn period. Each stage of feeding has its own characteristics.

Fertilizer when planting

Fertilizing young seedlings will help them settle down more easily and activate their growth. What type of feeding to use at this stage depends on the planting season.

Correct fertilization during planting will provide the currants with all the necessary substances for the next two years until the fruiting stage.

If the plant is planted in the soil in spring, then organic and complex mineral substances are introduced into the planting pits (depth 40 cm, width - 50-60 cm): a bucket of humus is mixed with earth and several handfuls of mineral fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus are added.

When planting a bush, fertilizers are introduced into the planting pits, thoroughly mixing with the surface soil

When planting a bush in autumn, the topsoil is mixed with peat or compost, superphosphate (150 g), potassium sulfate (40-50 g), wood ash, urea (40 g) are also added.

Spring period

Fertilizing currants in the spring is of the greatest importance, because it is during this period that the plant actively develops and extracts the necessary substances from the soil.

The first time fertilizers are applied at the very beginning of flowering and budding, the second - when tying berries. In July, it is recommended to make a third top dressing - during the period when the berries are poured.

During the flowering period, currants most of all need additional nutrition.

In the spring, it is advised to use complex mineral fertilizers containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and iron. Organic substances can also be used in spring, but as a supplement to minerals.

The main thing is that the composition of fertilizers for the first two fertilizing should include nitrogen, which contributes to the growth of the green mass. Further, its concentration is gradually reduced.

Autumn period

Despite the fact that after fruiting the plant is in a passive stage, the shrub must accumulate all the necessary substances in order to survive the winter frosts.

Autumn feeding will make the currants easier to endure the winter.

In the autumn, it is recommended to feed the currants at least once, using complementary foods from organic fertilizers: manure, humus or compost. At this stage, the plant does not need nitrogen, therefore, the most useful fertilizing is wood ash, which contains a large amount of phosphorus and potassium.

How to feed currants

There are many favorite fertilizers for currants. It is important to know when and in what proportions to use them. Below we will consider the features of the use of the most popular types of top dressing for the bush.

Potato peelings

Potato peelings are the most favorite organic fertilizer for currants, because they contain a large amount of substances and trace elements useful for the bush: starch, glucose, phosphorus, iron, potassium, magnesium, fluorine, etc. Phosphorus promotes active root development and stimulates flowering. Starch, glucose and potassium make the berries juicier and sweeter.

Gardeners choose this type of fertilizer for several reasons:

  • no costs;
  • simplicity of preparation and preparation of feeding solution;
  • environmental friendliness and safety for health;
  • such fertilization does not stimulate the growth of weeds.

You can collect potato waste throughout the year, but it is recommended to feed the currants in early spring, before the flowering phase. You can do this in the summer, but in this case there is a risk of overheating the soil, since a large amount of heat is released as a result of the decomposition of the cleanings.

Potato peelings must be pre-heat treated and dried

Raw potato peelings may contain elements of pathogenic flora on the surface: fungi or bacteria. To avoid contamination of plants when feeding, it is recommended to heat the potato peel. They do this in order not to dig out the potatoes later under the bushes, since there is a risk that untreated peelings will germinate.

To properly prepare fertilizer from cleanings, you must:

  1. Rinse the potato tubers thoroughly with a brush before peeling.
  2. Prepare cleaning: dry or freeze. The first option is more common, because the volume of the freezer is limited. To save space, you can grind the waste or grind it in a meat grinder before drying. There are several ways to dry the skin of a potato:
    • in a dry, warm place, laying a thin layer on paper or cloth;
    • on the battery;
    • in the oven at 200 ° C.
  3. Store in paper or cloth bags until spring.
  4. 7-10 days before processing the currants, pour the finely chopped peel into a deep container and pour boiling water over it. The layer should be covered with water by at least 5–6 cm. After a week, the fertilizer is ready.

Prepared cleanings scattered under the bush can attract pests.

The rotten thickets are buried under the bush, and the plant is watered with liquid. You should be aware that currants have a superficial root system, therefore, fertilizer must be applied not under the bush itself, but into a previously dug groove (10-15 cm deep) along the projection of the bush crown. You can water the currants with the resulting slurry once a month, including in the summer.

Video: how to prepare fertilizer from potato peels

Mineral fertilizers

Mineral substances are widely used by gardeners to fertilize currants both in spring and autumn, for the development of the ground and root systems of the plant.

Depending on the substances that make up the fertilizer, there are:

  • phosphorus-potassium fertilizers;
  • mineral nitrogen fertilizers;
  • microfertilizers.

Currently, a large number of mineral preparations are produced, which are produced in various forms: in the form of tablets, powder or liquid. You can buy them in specialized stores, and use them according to the instructions on the packaging.

Ash

Wood ash has proven itself excellently as a top dressing, since it is easily digestible and contains, in addition to phosphorus and potassium, zinc, magnesium, iron and calcium. It is recommended to use it during the ripening of berries and in the fall after harvest.

Another advantage of ash is that it does not contain chlorine, which currants cannot tolerate. However, it must be borne in mind that ash cannot be applied to soil that has an alkaline reaction.

Wood ash - a storehouse of nutrients for currants

For fertilizing currants, dry fine ash of deciduous trees is best suited. But the ashes of conifers are not.

There are several ways to feed currants with wood ash:

  1. 3 cups of dry wood ash are added under the topsoil. This contributes to the active development of the root system.
  2. The surface of the soil under the bush is sprinkled with dry ash. This protects the stems and leaves from pests.
  3. A working solution is prepared: a 3-liter can of ash is poured with a bucket of water and infused for two days under a lid. Then one liter of the working solution is diluted with 10 liters of warm water. From 2 to 4 liters of the resulting fertilizer are poured under each bush.
  4. An ash broth is prepared: 300 g of ash are poured with hot water and boiled for 25-30 minutes. The resulting broth is filtered and diluted with 10 liters of water. You can add 50 g of soap here. This broth is poured on the bush at the root.

It is recommended to use wood ash as a fertilizer with extreme caution, since it is a caustic alkali, which in small doses removes excessive acidity of the soil, but in high concentrations can destroy beneficial soil microflora... In addition, it is categorically impossible to introduce ash together with nitrogen fertilizers - it will neutralize their effect on the plant.

Chicken droppings

Chicken manure is an excellent source of nitrogen for currants, so it is usually used in spring. However, it is categorically impossible to use droppings in their pure form, since they can simply burn the plant. For this reason, various solutions are prepared from it.

To feed the currants, chicken manure is diluted with water and insisted in a container for several days

Table: making fertilizers from chicken manure

Urea

Urea (carbamide) is an excellent option for fertilizing currants in the early spring, because, like chicken manure, it is a source of nitrogen. Urea is dropped around the plant along the projection of the crown of the bush and must be watered. The dosage of the substance varies depending on the age of the plant:

  • young bushes (3-4 years old) need more nitrogen - 40-50 g of urea for each bush;
  • for adults producing fruits - 20-40 g of the substance, divided into 2 approaches.

Urea is also often used in the form of a liquid top dressing: 1 tablespoon of carbamide is diluted with 10 liters of water. The solution is poured over the plant.

Yeast

Many experienced gardeners consider yeast fertilization one of the most effective natural fertilizers. The mechanism of its action is that the fungi that make up the yeast activate the activity of bacteria in the soil. Microorganisms begin to process organic matter faster, resulting in the release of nitrogen and potassium, which stimulates plant growth and activity. In addition, the yeast bait contains a large amount of mineral components, as well as protein.

For this reason, yeast can be used as a fertilizer for currants both in spring and autumn, as well as when planting young bushes.

As you know, there are several types of yeast: wine, beer and bakery. The first two types are not suitable for currants.

Any yeast can be used to prepare the nutrient solution.

For plant fertilization, conventional baking yeast is suitable, both in dry form and in the form of live crops. There are many ways to prepare yeast feed, but the most popular are the following:

  1. From dry yeast: 10 g of the product is dissolved in 10 l of warm water, 60 g of sugar are added. Insist for about 2 hours in a warm place. The resulting solution is diluted with 50 liters of water before processing the plant.
  2. From fresh yeast: the live product is diluted in warm water in a ratio of 1: 5. It is kept warm for several hours and then 1:10 water is added to the resulting solution.

Bread fertilizer

There is another way to introduce yeast under the bush - this is feeding the currants with bread fertilizer. It is prepared from the remains of stale bread, of which quite a lot accumulates in any owner during the winter period. Along with being economical, the grain fertilizer has another advantage - when applied, it nourishes the currants not only with yeast, but also with starch, which will make the berries sweeter.

The remains of bread can not be thrown away and you can make an excellent fertilizer for currants from them.

It will take at least two weeks to prepare this fertilizer. Dry bread crusts filled with water should have time to ferment. Fertilizer preparation is easy:

  1. 3/4 buckets of stale yeast bread are poured into a barrel and filled with water. You can add here the greens of nettle and dream.
  2. A lid for the container is made of polyethylene, this will accelerate fermentation and get rid of the smell.
  3. This mash is insisted for 2-3 weeks at a temperature of 20-25 ° C.
  4. Before using the fertilizer, the resulting slurry is diluted in irrigation water 1: 2 or 1: 3 (depending on the consistency).
  5. The plant is watered with the solution at the rate of 0.5-1 l for each bush.

Reviews of summer residents

The quality and quantity of the currant crop directly depends on what kind of nutrition the bush will receive during the spring-autumn period. There are many varieties of feeding. The choice is always yours: use expensive, but ready-made chemistry or spend a little of your time and prepare safe fertilizer with your own hands.

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Top dressing of currants in spring with potato peelings

Potato currant peels are a good fertilizer if prepared properly. The ready-made nutrient mixture is applied as a top dressing for already growing shrubs, as well as for young seedlings during planting. Potato skins can damage the plant if used improperly. To avoid trouble, it is necessary to strictly observe the technology of preparation of top dressing and the method of its introduction under bushes.

  1. Why bring potato peelings under the currants
  2. How peeling potatoes affect currants
  3. How to prepare top dressing from potato peelings for currants
  4. How to fertilize currants with potato peel compost
  5. How to make infusion on potato peelings for currants
  6. How to feed currants with dry potato peels
  7. How to fertilize currants with frozen potato peels
  8. Nutrient mixture for peeling potatoes for currant
  9. Potato flour from currant peelings
  10. How to fertilize currants with potato peelings in spring
  11. A few tips from professionals
  12. Conclusion

The importance of spring feeding currants

It is no secret that currants deplete the soil quite strongly, literally pumping out useful elements from it. After several years of growth in one place, the plant will completely use up the supply of nutrients that was introduced into the ground when planting. If you do not feed it regularly, the shoots will begin to dry out, and the yield will greatly decrease and grind.

Spring feeding helps to avoid such a development of events. They can be performed several times during the spring. The nutrients and trace elements introduced at this time will give the shrub an impetus to growth, increase the growth of green mass and shoot formation. Good spring feeding is also the basis for the future harvest.


How to prepare potato skins

For the preparation of fertilizer, large volumes of potato raw materials are required, but raw cleaning cannot be stored for a long time, they begin to rot and germinate.To prepare and save natural material for future use, while maintaining all its useful properties, there are 2 ways of storing it - preliminary drying or freezing.

For harvesting, they do not use green and sprouted cleaning, they contain a lot of toxic corned beef.

Can I freeze

This method of harvesting is usually practiced in the winter or using a freezer. Before freezing, the raw materials are washed, doused with boiling water, allowed to drain and dried, the cleaning is laid out in bags in a thin layer or in a shallow container, sent to the cold. Gradually, new layers can be added to the already frozen peel. Learn how to treat brown spots on currant leaves at this link.

Drying

The most acceptable storage option is drying potato peelings. You can dry the skins outdoors, indoors, using improvised means to accelerate the drying process (oven, microwave oven, batteries). Full drying in the open air usually takes 10-14 days, in a warm dry place - 14-20 days. You can store dried raw materials in any easily ventilated container. Find out how to feed red currants after flowering here.

Before you put the fertilizer for storage, check its readiness, cleaning should be light, translucent in appearance, easy to break.


Watch the video: NPK Values and Fertalizing Your Residential Vineyard Without an Injector


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