New variety of tomatoes Spetsnaz: growing fruitful tomatoes


Tomatoes are one of the most popular vegetables grown on home gardens. And, of course, you always want to get not only tasty, but also a big harvest. Choosing tomatoes for planting among the many varieties that are presented on the modern market will not take long to get confused. Each of them has its own characteristics in care and yield indicators. Tomatoes of the variety with the intriguing name Spetsnaz are definitely worth paying attention to.

The history of the tomato variety Spetsnaz

Spetsnaz tomatoes were bred in Russia, the originator is V.N. Dederko, an entrepreneur from Novosibirsk. The variety is new and suitable for cultivation in all regions of the country. Including successfully cultivated in regions with cold climatic conditions, for example, in Siberia.

Spetsnaz tomatoes are suitable for growing in open ground and under film shelters

Description and characteristics of the variety

Tomatoes of the Spetsnaz variety are medium-sized plants, they can reach a height of 1.5 meters. Ripening periods are average, but an important feature of the variety is that it bears fruit 2 times per season. The first part is available for harvest at the end of July, the second time the tomatoes are ripe by the end of September. Productivity - 5.7 kg per 1 m2.

The shape of the fruit of the Special Forces is round or slightly flattened, the skin is smooth, dense. When ripe, tomatoes turn red or red-raspberry. The average fruit weight is 220 g. The variety is salad, has excellent taste properties, does not crack. The pulp is fleshy, sugary texture, the seeds are present in small quantities. Besides the fact that these tomatoes are used for fresh food, they are also well suited for making sauces or juices.

100 g of tomato juice contains only 21 kcal, which makes it a faithful friend of those seeking to lose excess weight.

Growing varieties of tomatoes Spetsnaz

In order to get a high-quality harvest, the cultivation of tomatoes should be approached responsibly from the very first stage.

Seedling

This variety can be grown both in the open field and in greenhouse conditions, but the first option is still preferable. Seeds for seedlings must be sown 2 months before planting in a permanent place. Seedlings can be planted from early May to early June.

Seedlings will allow the season to start earlier than the weather allows

Selection and preparation of seeds

For growing seedlings, seeds that are collected independently, purchased at the market or in a store are suitable. To prevent the possibility of developing various diseases in plants, it is necessary to disinfect the existing planting material. To do this, you need gauze and one of the solutions:

  • 1% solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate);
  • 2% hydrogen peroxide solution;
  • 0.5% soda solution.

The seeds are wrapped in cheesecloth and dipped in the prepared liquid for a certain time. In potassium permanganate they are kept for 20-30 minutes, in hydrogen peroxide - 8 minutes, in soda - up to 24 hours. After the seeds are washed and dried.

To accelerate germination, seeds should be germinated. To do this, they are placed on a damp paper towel, which is also closed on top. Germination takes 3-5 days on average. All this time, it is necessary to keep the napkin in a plastic bag in a warm place, not allowing it to dry out.

For sowing, do not use those seeds that will not germinate during this time.

Pre-germination of seeds allows you to get seedlings of seedlings faster and more efficiently

Preparation of soil and containers

You can use for planting both land purchased in a specialized store, and ordinary, for example, from your own garden. However, it is optimal to use a mixture of these soils in equal proportions. As in the case of seeds, it is necessary to cultivate the soil to eliminate possible pathogens of fungal and viral diseases. This can be done in the following ways:

  • anneal the earth in the oven at a temperature of 180aboutC for 20 minutes or in the microwave on high power for 2 minutes;
  • spill the soil with a small volume of boiling water or a 0.5% solution of potassium permanganate.

Also, these methods can be combined with each other. After the procedure, the soil is left to stand for several days.

Seeding containers can be purchased at a gardening store or disposable plastic cups can be used. If a large box is taken, then many seeds are planted in it at once. When the tomatoes grow up, they will need to be transplanted into a separate container (sorted out), since during the growth process the seedlings will not have enough space for the full development of the root system. When landing in individual containers, a pick is not required.

Containers for seedlings can be various containers - both specially purchased and containers from other products.

Planting seeds and conditions for germination

  1. In the prepared container, drainage holes are necessarily made, and drainage is laid. They can be eggshells, small pebbles and expanded clay.
  2. After that, the earth is poured, which needs to be moistened. Depending on the size of the container used for planting, grooves or holes are made in the ground, the depth of which should not exceed 1–2 cm.
  3. Then seeds are laid in them, which are sprinkled with a centimeter layer of soil.
  4. Finally, with the help of a spray gun, the ground is sprayed again, and the container with seedlings is covered with cellophane film or glass to create greenhouse conditions.
  5. Then the container is placed in a warm place. The temperature for seed germination where you place the future seedlings should be 25-30aboutC. It is also necessary to maintain optimal humidity - when the soil dries, it is watered with a sprayer, and in case of excessive waterlogging, the material that covers the seedlings is slightly opened for drying.

Video: how to grow tomato seedlings

Seedling care

After the tomatoes have sprouted, the containers with the seedlings are rearranged in a place with good lighting. You will definitely need to maintain artificial light with lamps, since the total time that the seedlings should be illuminated should be 12-14 hours. The material that covers the container must be removed gradually, increasing the open space every day. Completely "greenhouse" is removed after 1-2 weeks. The humidity at which young tomatoes grow should be high. Drying of the upper layers of the soil is unacceptable, since the roots will dry out with them. At the same time, it is important to avoid bays. If you notice that the ground is not dry, but the leaves of the seedlings have wilted, move the containers in which the tomatoes grow from a sunny place and wait until the soil dries out.

When small tomatoes grow up, it is necessary to pick them if they were planted in a large total container or in a small one, but 2-3 pieces each. The optimal time for this procedure is the moment when 2 true leaves appear on the sprouts. This will be the second pair of leaves. The first pair is cotyledonous leaves. The seedlings are transferred to individual containers from the general using a small plastic spoon, keeping a clod of earth on the roots. It is necessary to deepen the tomato in a new place to the level of the cotyledon leaves.

If you have planted several seeds in a small container, then you should leave the strongest of the sprouted seedlings, remove the rest. At the same time, it is not recommended to pull out weak shoots so as not to damage the root system of the tomato that you decided to save. In this case, it is better to simply pinch off the removed stem.

Real leaves are easy to distinguish from cotyledons in shape and growth.

After the pick has been made, the tomatoes enter the phase of enhanced growth. In proportion to this, it is necessary to increase their watering and begin to fertilize. Top dressing is usually carried out in 2 stages:

  • 1.5 weeks after the dive, for this use a solution of 1 tbsp. l. urea and 10 liters of water, with which the seedlings are abundantly watered;
  • 14 days after the first procedure using 1 tbsp. fertilizer Nitrofosk, diluted in 1 liter of water.

Landing in the ground

Tomato seedlings ready for planting should have a developed root system, a strong stem, 6-9 large true leaves and 1 flower cluster. Planting should be carried out 1.5–2 weeks after the appearance of such brushes. You do not need to tighten it, since the tomatoes that began to bloom before the transplant will stop their growth.

The soil in which the tomatoes will grow is prepared in the fall, digging up and enriching it with complex fertilizers. If the soil is acidic, it must be neutralized with lime.

The area where potatoes, eggplants or peppers were previously grown is not used for planting, so as not to expose the seedlings to the risk of late blight infection.

A few days before the procedure, the soil is dug up again, but not much crushed. If weeds have sprung up, you need to remove them. The holes in which the seedlings will be planted must be dug in advance so that the earth in them has time to warm up. For additional disinfection, the soil is treated using a solution of potassium permanganate or copper sulfate.

The optimal weather for disembarkation is considered to be cool when there is no wind. 1 m2 up to three seedling bushes are planted. The central stem should be deepened by 2 cm. Also, a peg is dug in next to each bush at a distance of 10 cm, to which the growing tomato will subsequently be tied. After transplanting, the plants must be watered with warm water.

Correctly planted healthy seedlings will surely please the summer resident with a good harvest

Tomato care

Good care is a guarantee that you can create quality conditions for the plant for growth and fruiting.

Watering

The Spetsnaz variety is very fond of watering. When done correctly and abundantly, the leaves tend to quickly evaporate moisture, which allows them to protect themselves from overheating in hot weather.

For the first time, water procedures should be carried out 10 days after transplantation, so that the seedlings have time to take root. In the future, it is better to water in the evening when the high daytime temperature subsides. Watering frequency is 1-2 times a week, abundantly. The soil should first be loosened up. It is recommended to collect water in advance so that it has time to settle and warm up. It is especially important not to allow the soil to dry out at the time of fruit set, as the lack of moisture during this period will lead to shedding of the ovaries. In this case, watering should be carried out along the aisles. Then, when the fruits have already appeared, water the entire surface of the beds. This must be done because the root system of tomatoes is very large, and the plant will have little moisture, which will only flow into the space where the bush was originally planted.

In order for the water to get closer to the roots, and not evaporate from the surface of the earth, it is possible to use a method using additional containers, for example, plastic bottles or pots. Holes are made in them through which water will seep. The containers are dug into the ground at a distance of 20 cm from the bush to a depth of 15 cm.

Watering tomatoes with plastic bottles will allow the maximum amount of moisture to reach the roots

Fertilizing tomatoes

Top dressing is carried out in several stages:

  1. The plants are fertilized for the first time after planting at a permanent place of residence no earlier than 1.5 weeks later. Do this using a solution of 1 tbsp. Nitrophoska and 0.5 l of mullein in liquid form. These components are diluted in 10 liters of water. Each plant must be watered with 0.5 liters of the resulting solution.
  2. During the flowering period, when flowers appear on the second brush, prepare a solution of 1 tbsp. potassium sulfate, 1 tbsp. superphosphate, 0.5 liters of chicken manure per 10 liters of water. The amount of top dressing per bush is 1 liter.
  3. When the third brush blooms, top dressing is carried out with complex fertilizer (1 tbsp. Per 10 l of water).

It is also possible to carry out foliar dressing (spraying in cloudy weather or in the evening) in order to support the plant if it is weak, does not bloom enough or does not form a crop well. They use different fertilizer options, for example:

  • until the ovary of fruits - a solution of urea (10 liters of water, 1 g of potassium permanganate, 1 tbsp. urea);
  • after the fruits have formed - a solution of hot water with a volume of 5 liters and 1/2 hour of superphosphate extract;
  • light pink solution of potassium permanganate;
  • iodine solution (0.9 l of water, 0.1 l of serum, 20 drops of iodine).

Tomato bush formation

During their growth, tomatoes form the so-called stepchildren - additional shoots in the leaf axils. They need to be removed in a timely manner - pinned, as they will take away some of the moisture and nutrients that the plant may not have enough for the full development and ripening of fruits. The formation of a bush begins 14 days after the plants have been planted in open ground. Then this procedure is repeated at intervals of 1.5–2 weeks. This is one of the important points in plant care, as each stepson will create his own shoots.

Video: pinching tomatoes

Possible diseases

It is better to prevent possible diseases than to cure them.

Table: nightshade diseases, prevention, treatment options

DiseaseSymptomsProphylaxisTreatment options
Late blightDisease of a fungal nature. It is characterized by the appearance of black spots on fruits and leaves. The affected parts of the plant rot and fall off.
  1. It is important not to allow excessive moisture in the tomato growth zone, since the fungus develops and becomes active under such conditions.
  2. Additionally, you can use the drug Ordan according to the instructions.
  1. To combat late blight, preparations containing copper have proven themselves well: Oxyhom, Hom, Polyhom. When the course of the disease is advanced, chemical agents are used - fungicides. Given that fungal spores are adaptable to different chemicals, the drugs should be combined. It is important to remember that such funds can be used only before the fruits begin to ripen.
  2. At the same time, it is necessary to eliminate diseased plants, disinfect garden tools and pegs for garters.
AlternariaThe disease begins to spread from the bottom up, affecting stems, leaves, fruits. It is characterized by the appearance of spots covered with black bloom on the fruits and dry brownish spots on the green parts of the plant.In April-May, tomatoes are sprayed with Ordan, Quadris, Metaxil in accordance with the instructions.Diseased plants are treated with chemicals. Such drugs as Antracol 70 WG, Ditan M-45, Quadris, Flint are used. Processing is carried out 3-4 times per season. The fruits that have begun to ripen, as in the case above, cannot be processed!

Photo gallery: external signs of tomato diseases

Testimonials

I bought tomato seeds, the Spetsnaz variety. They write that it is necessary to grow in OG, the first harvest is harvested before August 1, the second harvest of 20-30 fruits until the end of September. Strange, they could have harvested 3 crops in July, August and September ...

I, too, today unpacked a new sort of Spetsnaz. They promise very large tomatoes up to 1200 g.

Like many vegetable crops, tomatoes require some effort from vegetable growers in order to feast on them. But it is so pleasant not only to pamper your body with vitamins from grown vegetables, but also to get aesthetic pleasure from the sight of the beautiful and fragrant fruits of your labor. After all, from this they become even tastier and more appetizing. ...


How to get seedlings

Fatima tomato is sown for seedlings about 2-2.5 months before the estimated time of planting in the ground. For seedlings, you need to prepare seeds, soil and containers.

Sowing directly onto the beds is only possible in warm climates. Most often, Fatima tomato is planted with seedlings.

Seed preparation

Before sowing, the seed is processed... It is necessary to calculate so as to have time to grow seedlings on time. It takes about 2 months to grow seedlings. It is noteworthy that in favorable weather, the tomato can be sown directly into open ground.

Before sowing, the seeds are soaked in manganese. If the seeds are stored for more than a year, then they must be kept in warm water for about an hour and a half. It is necessary that the seeds are saturated with moisture, and the shell covering the seed becomes soft and loose. Manganese is prepared at the rate of 2 g per 250 g of water.

Purchased seeds are usually not processed. The instructions on the package will tell you how best to sow seed material.

Capacity and soil

The soil for planting is normal. In a special store you can buy it in prepackaged form. But even such soil should be processed - roasted in the oven or held over a stream of steam. The procedure takes 10 minutes.

The containers are chosen so that there is enough space in them for the formation of the root system. The cups should have drainage holes at the bottom.

The glass should not be lower than 10 cm... It is good to use individual peat pots. You can sow a seed in a peat tablet.

Sowing

  1. The soil is laid out in the necessary containers, where grooves of about 5 cm are made.
  2. 2-3 seeds are placed in one hole at a distance of 2 cm.
  3. Further, the grooves are covered with soil and watered well.
  4. To increase germination, it is recommended to tighten the container with a film, or simply cover it with glass.
  5. Seedlings are left in a warm place, for example, near a battery.

Follow-up care

The peculiarity of the seeds of tomatoes of the Fatima variety is that they are extremely small. They should be buried in the ground to a depth of no more than 1.5 cm.

Often seeds for seedlings are sown very often. Therefore, the seedlings should be thinned out, if necessary. There should be a distance of at least 5 cm between shoots.

Care features:

  1. Seedlings should be watered and loosened regularly.
  2. Add soil to the cups as needed.
  3. Provide even light and warmth for the entire period of growing seedlings.
  4. About 7-10 days before planting in open ground or even under a film, the seedlings of the Fatima variety should be hardened. To do this, gradually lower the temperature in the room.
  5. In about 3-5 days, you need to use a growth stimulant and any drug that relieves stress on the plant and allows you to calmly transfer the transplant procedure.


Features of planting and growing

There are not many varieties of tomatoes, the agricultural technology of which is sharply different from others. So it is with the considered hybrid Cio-Cio-san: nothing unusual in planting and caring for the bushes is noted. This is a common indeterminate hybrid of an average ripening period: in these words, all the features of its cultivation must be sought.

Landing

Cio-Chio-san tomato cultivation begins with sowing seeds for seedlings. Since this hybrid is mainly planted in greenhouses, it is worth focusing on the fact that even in an unheated film greenhouse it will be possible to plant seedlings no later than mid-May (this is for the middle lane), which means that sowing seeds in boxes is possible in mid-March: the seedlings must survive at home for no more than two months. For more northern regions or for open ground, the timing of sowing seeds will shift by a couple of weeks, towards the end of the month.

Growing seedlings is an event that not a single summer resident can do without, and in the case of tomatoes it is not too difficult: at least one does not need to worry about the temperature, the usual climate of a city apartment for tomato seedlings is just right. Only immediately after the emergence of shoots, it is necessary to send the boxes to a relatively cold place for several days. The whole process consists of the following steps:

    Seed preparation (it consists of calibration, disinfection, hardening).

As soon as the tails appear on the soaked seeds, they are sent for 2-3 days in a wet cloth to the refrigerator

The easiest way to buy potting soil is from a store.

For sowing seeds, any suitable container and even an unnecessary box from under the products are suitable

When growing seedlings, you cannot use incandescent lamps: it is better to choose phytolamps, but you can also use ordinary fluorescent lamps.

When picking, the plants are deepened compared to how they grew before

When growing seedlings, it is convenient to use special fertilizers.

A good seedling before planting in the greenhouse should be 25-30 cm tall, and most importantly, have a thick stem. The garden bed in the greenhouse is prepared in advance, it is possible that in the fall you even have to change the soil, especially in the case of diseases. The garden bed is well seasoned with fertilizers, especially phosphorus fertilizers. In the spring it is leveled and, if they want to plant seedlings early, they also warm up the garden (pour hot water and cover with a film).

The holes are prepared immediately before planting tomato seedlings: they dig a hole of the required size with a scoop, add half a glass of ash and a tablespoon of azofoska as a local fertilizer, mix well with the ground and pour it with warm water. Planting schemes are used different, but even in the greenhouse Chio-Chio-san is planted sparsely: the minimum distance between the bushes is 45 cm, and better - up to 60 cm. Between the rows - a little more. If there is space, only two bushes per square meter are planted.

Preservation of an earthen coma during transplantation is the main guarantee of good survival rate of seedlings

Immediately adapt the stakes for tying or, if it is more convenient, equip a common trellis. The planted seedlings are thoroughly watered, mulch the soil between the bushes and do nothing for a week and a half with plantings.

In general, all the steps for caring for a Chio-Chio-san tomato are standard: watering, loosening, weeding, several dressings, as well as the formation of a bush, tying it to supports, and pest control. It is better to water in the evening, when the water has managed to warm up in containers by the rays of the sun. Tomatoes should not be poured, but the soil should not be allowed to dry out too much. In greenhouses, it is especially dangerous to maintain high air humidity, so a balance is needed between the amount of watering and the ventilation of the greenhouse. Plants especially need water during flowering and pouring fruits, and as they ripen, watering is greatly reduced.

As long as the condition of the bushes allows, after watering they try to loosen the soil, while removing weeds. Tomatoes are fed regardless of the condition of the soil: refueling it with fertilizers for the whole summer is still not enough. The first feeding is carried out 2-3 weeks after planting the seedlings, and then it is repeated 3-4 more times per season. You can use any fertilizer, but with the onset of fruit ripening, it is better not to add nitrogen: superphosphate and ash are enough.

If the bushes are planted spaciously, they are usually formed, according to the developed schemes, into two or three stems, using the lower strong stepsons as additional trunks. The rest of the stepsons are periodically broken out until they are only a few centimeters long. For a tight planting, one-stem formation is used. Pinch the growth point when the bush reaches the desired height for the gardener, but usually when it reaches the ceiling of the greenhouse. Over time, excess leaves are also cut off, starting from the lower ones: by the time the first fruits ripen under them, as a rule, almost no leaves are left.

Whatever scheme the bushes are formed according to, tying them up is absolutely necessary.

It is necessary to tie up Chio-Chio-san several times per season: first the stems, and then individual fruit clusters. This must be done very carefully: the stems of this tomato are rather fragile, and the fruits do not hold very firmly on the branches. If by the time the fruits start ripening they are heavily covered with leaves, then part of the covering foliage is also removed.

This tomato almost does not suffer from late blight and other dangerous diseases, therefore, it does not even need preventive treatments for diseases. But the pests manage to fly in and crawl even into the greenhouse: this is a spider mite, whiteflies, nematodes. Thorough disinfection of the soil almost guarantees the absence of the latter, but sometimes you have to fight with ticks and whiteflies. Only as a last resort, chemical preparations are used for this: most harmful insects and butterflies are quite reliably destroyed by folk remedies: infusions of garlic or onion husks, wood ash, tobacco dust.

Tomatoes should not be delayed with harvesting: it is better to remove slightly unripe fruits (they will ripen well at home) than to leave overripe ones on the bushes: this hybrid is prone to cracking. At low temperatures (about 10-15 o C) tomatoes are stored for a week and a half, and in the cellar - much longer.

Video: harvesting tomato Cio-Cio-san


Further, you can read the reviews of vegetable growers who prefer the cultivation of this variety. And also those who were not very happy with the harvest.

Irina Sergeevna, Bryansk region

Vera Lvovna, Saratov region

Victor Pavlovich, Moscow region

Galina Ivanovna, Kemerovo region

Elena Petrovna, Moscow region

Galina Grigorievna, Nizhny Novgorod region

Marina Valerievna, Kaliningrad region

Tatyana Ivanovna, Samara region


Reviews who planted

Many gardeners leave positive reviews about the Alsou tomato variety. They like the size and taste of the fruit, as well as the timing of their ripening. We have collected some interesting reviews from gardeners who have already dealt with this variety and shared their opinions.

Kamaliya Vladimirovna, Omsk region

Nadezhda Sergeevna, Leningrad region

Marina Ivanovna, Moscow region

Valery Evgenievich, Arkhangelsk region

Natalya Petrovna, Omsk region

Galina Vasilievna, Kostroma region

Victoria Valentinovna, Kaluga region

Svetlana Fedorovna, Sverdlovsk region


Watch the video: 10 TRICKS TO GROW TONS OF TOMATOES . COMPLETE GUIDE


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