The hearth is the personification of family comfort and warmth. The flying tongues of flame and the melodic crackling of logs fascinate and soothe, setting you up for relaxation and pleasant rest. It is pleasant to gather around the fire in the evening, enjoying communication with households and friends. To be able to enjoy the magic of open fire in your area, you can equip a special recreation area, the key element of which will be a fireplace.
The street hearth, which until recently performed only a utilitarian function, today has become a rather popular element of landscape design.
The unusual design of the courtyard zone with the hearth and the original forms of the fireplace itself can transform any area
The fireplace, which does not attract attention in the daytime, becomes a zone of attraction with the onset of dusk - a center around which the whole family gathers with pleasure. To make the rest even more comfortable and pleasant, a playground with comfortable stationary seats and garden furniture is arranged around the fireplace.
The shape of the street hearth can be any, suitable for the general style of the house. But from the point of view of ease of maintenance and access, most often the hearths are given a round shape.
An excellent technique for creating a picturesque place with a fireplace in the courtyard of the house will be the original covering of the site itself
The area around the fire can be paved with tiles, covered with gravel, or laid out with stones. The choice of materials and design methods is determined only by the style of the site.
One of the most convenient and interesting ways of zoning a site, when the site with a fireplace is located lower in relation to the adjacent areas of the yard
It is not at all difficult to equip a cozy multi-level area on the site. You just need to remove the soil layer and level the surface.
Recessed hearths, which are located below the level of the site itself around the fireplace, look no less impressive.
Recessed fireplaces are suitable for any yard with a variety of styles. The only requirement for arranging a fireplace is not to deepen the hearth too much, since the natural combustion process can only be supported by the flow of fresh air. To ensure the necessary air circulation, firewood in a recessed hearth is folded in a hut, leaving wide gaps between them and retreating a sufficient distance from the walls.
And in order not to have to carry firewood in your hands, you can make a convenient carrier for firewood. More about this: https://diz-cafe.com/tech/perenoska-dlya-drov-svoimi-rukami.html
We propose to consider a couple of options for arranging a fireplace, which, in addition to direct functional significance, will act as a spectacular element of landscape design. A hand-made outdoor hearth will become a source of pride for its owner and a favorite vacation spot for the whole family on cool evenings.
An outdoor hearth is essentially a hole dug in the ground or an elevated structure lined with a wall of solid stones. Sturdy walls help trap heat, keep the shape of the fire pit, and protect the hearth from being blown out by wind gusts.
When planning to equip a fireplace on the site, the first thing to do is to choose a place. The hearth is located far from spreading trees, outbuildings and the house itself.
The best option when the fireplace is located at a distance of 4-5 meters from the crowns of trees and up to 3 meters from buildings
A small hill or, conversely, a flooded lowland is far from the best choice for placing a fireplace. There must be a golden mean. Better if it is a flat area with good visibility.
Having decided on the location of the fireplace, we prepare the site: we clean it of plant roots and debris, level the surface and outline the place of the future hearth
Traditionally, the fireplace is rounded, making it 90-100 cm in diameter for convenience. In our case, a metal rim was used to arrange the structure.
To arrange a fireplace, remove a layer of sod from the marked area. Subsequently, the site can be laid out with tiles, filled with dumping or equipped as you wish.
We take out a ten-centimeter layer of soil along the outlined contour of the installation of the rim itself. We align the bottom of the dug pit, install the rim.
Along the outer walls of the rim, we lay out stones or concrete blocks in several rows, the thickness of the walls of which is not less than 10-15 centimeters
Too thin walls of the structure are not capable of providing sufficient strength, and when a person rests on them, they may not at all withstand the load.
From a decorative point of view, it is better to use purchased concrete blocks, which will simultaneously fulfill a practical and aesthetic function. On sale you can find both blocks of cast concrete and natural stone. Alternatively, you can use paving slabs or even real granite cobblestones.
In an amicable way, for the construction of a fireplace, it is necessary to use only masonry mortar with refractory additives. It is better to fasten a natural stone at all using a clay oven solution. You can also lay out a solid structure using a special glue designed for laying fireplaces and hearths.
Fill the voids and gaps formed between the metal rim and the facing material with sand, earth or clay mortar
The dumping will prevent the accumulation of rainwater and debris in the future, thereby making it easier to care for the fire pit.
The fireplace is ready, it remains only to equip the seats, retreating 70-90 centimeters beyond the border of the protective strip, where the flying sparks will not reach
To prevent the equipped outdoor hearth from turning into a small body of water after a heavy rain, it is necessary to make a cover. It will not be difficult to cut it out of the sheet metal cut.
Another option can be used to equip a stationary fireplace - digging a pit. At the site of the arrangement of the future hearth, we dig a hole about 30-40 cm deep.
To drain storm water, we dig a shallow trench to arrange drainage under the walls of the structure being erected
We cover the bottom of the pit and the trench with a 15 cm thick gravel bed of fine fraction. To extend the service life and increase the reliability of the structure, the inside of the pit must be girded with a ring made of sheet metal.
Having laid out the first row of blocks on the gravel, we check them by level and knock out the protruding elements with a rubber hammer
When the ring is assembled from separate blocks, it is always necessary to split the individual elements. To do this, it is necessary to outline a line on the surface of the block, and then chip along the contour with a hammer and chisel. It is easy to shape jagged edges to the desired shape by tapping them with a hammer shank.
We cover the upper edge of the first row with special glue for laying fireplaces and hearths, lay out the second row. Fill the erected structure with gravel
We decorate the upper edge of the structure with a decorative stone that is suitable for the style, which we plant on a cement mortar
We lay the following rows according to the same principle. Place a sheet of metal along the inner walls of the fireplace. Fill the voids between the inner ring and the blocks with soil or sand.
Another option for arranging a street hearth:
Any materials are suitable for lining the surrounding area: gravel, pebbles, tiles for paths. But the most picturesque are flat slabs of irregular shape, laid out on the lawn in a bizarre pattern. It is convenient to place chairs, benches and other garden furniture on wide flat slabs. A circular bench with backs is ideal for setting up a site around a fireplace.
For comfortable admiring the open flame, the bench can be supplemented with warm rugs and blankets, as well as variegated soft pillows
An appropriate addition to the fireplace can be a retaining wall built of the same stone 50x40 cm in size. It will protect against gusts of wind and serve as a comfortable bench.
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If the site has dense sandy soils, earthworks can be excluded. The second version of the simplified arrangement of the fire pit is the existing site, lined with paving slabs, stone, asphalt or concreted. On this base, you can lay a couple of rows of brick or stone. So the hearth is ready. This option is ideal for soils that do not drain water well. After rain, in such an area, the buried bowl under the fire will turn into a mini-pond and will dry for a very long time.
In other cases, preparatory work is indispensable. No, you can lay down the hearth for a fire right on the ground, but after a few years it will become unusable - the walls will "crawl" after rains or spring heaving of the soil. Preparation of the site for the fire pit is standard:
Already on this base, you can install a hearth, provided that you are satisfied with a crushed stone pillow as a base or are going to pour concrete. True, for concrete you will need to assemble the formwork around the perimeter. If you plan to pave the area around the hearth with tiles or stone, pour sand or a fine fraction of screenings onto the rubble. Sand / screening is rammed, leveled, then tiles or stone are laid.
On clay or fertile soils, so that the crushed stone does not "go" into the ground, geotextiles with a density of 200-250 g / m are placed under it. This is a non-woven material that allows water to pass through, prevents roots from germinating and prevents rubble from mixing with the soil. In fact, this is a very important layer to be applied.
A bonfire in the country is a special pleasure that is not available to us in a city apartment. Having made an outdoor hearth with your own hands, you can often enjoy the play of fire, cook something tasty on the grate by the hearth, just soak up the warmth on cold evenings.
In order for the fire to look harmonious in the garden, it is better to equip it with a permanent place that would provide for proper fire safety standards and ensure comfort.
And, although the street hearth in the photo can look absolutely luxurious, it does not require a significant investment of time or materials to build it.
You can easily choose an option for yourself that you can implement in a couple of days off.
In order to make an outdoor hearth with a natural stone finish, we first mark the hearth kennels and fill in a small concrete cushion under the masonry.
The masonry will be in two layers. The inner layer is a brick layer and the outer layer is made of natural stone.
The upper part of the hearth can also be finished with stone.
In order to use the fireplace as a brazier, provide a grate for it in accordance with the size of the hearth.
Such a beautiful campfire site can be placed on the terrace in front of the house, where you can spend truly unforgettable evenings in the country.
In fact, the simplest outdoor hearth can be folded from ordinary concrete blocks.
In order to maximally protect the soil from fire and for more convenient cleaning of the hearth, it is better to put concrete blocks on a brick site.
If the top of such a hearth is decorated with natural stone, it will look quite respectable.
By placing a campfire site next to the summer kitchen and gazebo, you get another wonderful seating area in the garden.
Concrete blocks are not only produced in the form of rectangles - semicircular concrete curbs are usually used to fence trees.
These concrete blocks are perfect for creating a small outdoor hearth.
If you can't find semicircular blocks, look for paving slabs. It turns out, using it like bricks, you can also make a fireplace for a summer residence.
For those who are not a supporter of excessive creativity, it is easiest to use bricks to create a hearth.
We lay out the required size of the fireplace from the brick, mark the contours and dig a hole to the height of the brick. We surround the contours of the hearth, adding gravel to the bottom. Tip: if the walls of the pit are made slightly inclined outward, then the structure will turn out to be more stable.
By minimally decorating the upper part of the hearth, you will get a cozy and beautiful fireplace in the country. You can put a metal tripod in the hearth and cook kulesh. For meat lovers, you can install a simple skewer and cook whole poultry on a skewer.
To fit the fireplace into the overall design of the garden, you can make a special area for it.
Such a campfire site will be more comfortable and cozy. the stone curb can be used as a bench, and the smooth shape of the platform will add an elegant touch to the landscape design of the entire garden.
For those who like to use improvised materials, there are also beautiful options for a street hearth.
For example, you can make such a beautiful hearth out of an old basin and remnants of stone and metal.
In fact, any durable metal will work for the inside of the hearth.
This metal can be a tank from a washing machine.
For its functioning, it is enough to weld legs to it.
Or you can add minimal brickwork. There is not much work, but the difference is palpable.
Sometimes the campfire site is located in a recess on the site - this technique is used for a windy or noisy area, this creates a calmer and quieter atmosphere around the campfire.
It is not necessary to use leftover household appliances for the fire bowl.
You can just buy a sheet of galvanized metal and weld a simple structure from it for the hearth.
The only drawback of this design is that its walls are seriously heated and it is necessary to isolate the hearth from flammable surfaces.
Therefore, it is better to overlay a metal hearth from the outside with a brick or decorative stone.
A disc from a tractor wheel was taken as the basis for this hearth.
For an outdoor fireplace made of concrete, formwork must be made in accordance with the dimensions of the fireplace you have chosen. For the strength of the structure, additionally put metal reinforcement in the formwork.
After the concrete has hardened, remove the formwork and clean the outside of the hearth.
Place fine gravel inside the hearth, place a metal fire bowl and add pebbles or coarse gravel on top.
A concrete hearth can be decorated with a stone or simply left as it is - so it will have a more modern laconic look.
The street hearth is conveniently located in an open gazebo - such a place can become the center of attraction for the whole country life.
If you are not a big fan of campfire evenings and dishes on an open fire, then a small mobile campfire bowl is more suitable for you.
It, like the hearth, can be used both for decorative purposes and for cooking on a wire rack or tripod.
Round or square, stone or concrete blocks, whatever the style you choose, there is always an outdoor hearth that suits your summer cottage. Small or large, almost every fireplace is a budget option that can add a touch of real luxury to your garden!
17.06.2016, 02:03 1.1k Views 0 Downloads
A hearth in the garden is undoubtedly a beautiful addition for relaxing in the country or in a country house, in an open area. It provides a warm and cozy atmosphere in the company, and can be used in practical applications such as barbecue. Country courtyard with a hearth in the garden - 55 tips and ideas.
So, before you start setting up your favorite vacation spot, take advantage of our professional advice. First, you must determine what function the hearth will have. The hearth should not be located in the immediate vicinity of neighboring houses because of fire and smoke. Have pity on your neighbors, they deserve a rest too.
Secondly, you must find a suitable place in your summer cottage or garden. Find an appropriate area, but remember that the distance to bushes, trees, fences, etc. must be at least 1.5 meters. The pit for the hearth should be at least 40 centimeters deep and about 1 to 1.5 meters in diameter. We lay out the hole for the hearth with a stone or heat-resistant brick. Especially beautiful, the hearth looks, laid out of rough stones, round or rectangular. On the other hand, there are numerous modern options: fire bowls made of metal, stone or tiles.
The lesion requires constant care after its application. It is necessary to regularly remove ash and wood residues, coals. Provide a protective cover to protect it from precipitation.
After using the hearth, it must be thoroughly cleaned. Make sure it's cool. Our advice: in order to avoid a fire in the country or in the garden, do not leave the hearth unattended. You must always make sure that the fire is completely extinguished.
Summer cottage, it is always nice to sit around the fire with family or friends after a hard day. The fire is mesmerizing, the logs crackle. What could be better than rest in the country?
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