N - the gardener's words - the lexicon of the garden

N - The gardener's words

Naturalize, Neutral (ph), Knot, Botanical name, Latin name, discover all the N words that you find in the plants or vegetables sheets on Our website. The words from the vegetable garden, the words from the ornamental garden. The words of fruits and culture, the words of gestures and tools, the words of diseases and parasites… All the words in the lexicon that begin with an "N", the list is not complete, do not hesitate to ask us questions or to point out shortcomings, we will complete them as quickly as possible. Thank you.


Said of a plant that has been introduced by humans and which freely grows so well that it looks like a naturally wild, endemic plant.
We also use the expression "naturalize" to, more simply specify that the plant we are talking about easily settles in the garden and grows quickly and without hindrance to its "colonization" of the open spaces of the garden.


Neutral, an indication that characterizes soil with a neutral pH (7), neither acidic nor limestone (generally between 6.5 and 7.5)


A node is a place on a stem where the leaves are attached with the buds at the base that will give future branches.

Botanical name:

The botanical name is used to characterize the plant. The first of the two names describes the genus, the second indicates the species.

Latin name:

The Latin name is sort of the identity card of plants. All the countries of the world use the same name.

N - the gardener's words - the lexicon of the garden

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N - the gardener's words - the lexicon of the garden

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Below is the meaning (meaning) of the vocabulary usually used to talk about gardening and the garden: flower, fruit, vegetable, cultivation technique. (especially on this site).

Adjoining. - Fixation of a branch on a support (tab of a rootstock, wall bar, stake, etc.).

Permanently. - Establishment of a given plant at its final location (permanent plantation).

Teens. - Cultivation board with inclined surface, located in the middle of the square, arranged for the maximum use of solar heat.

Adventitious. - Which grew without having been sown. Weeds can, depending on the case, be eliminated during loosening or maintenance work.

Adventive. - Organ located on a part of the plant which does not normally include such an organ. Thus, adventitious roots are set by the stem of certain plants.

Affinity. - More or less marked attraction existing between two apparently different plants, because of the more or less marked similarity of their physiological characters. The lack of affinity between rootstock and scion can be a cause of graft failure.

Postage. - Return to the state of "franc", that is to say to an autonomous vegetation, of the plant associated with the rootstock during grafting.

Amendment. - Substance incorporated into the soil in order to modify its physical properties.

Loosening. - Operation intended to make the soil suitable for cultivation.

Annual. - Qualifier applicable to plants whose vegetative cycle does not exceed one year.

Anticipated. - Qualifier applied to an organ (eye or branch) developing before the normal period of its blossoming.

Quickly. - Transformation of herbaceous twigs into woody twigs, that is to say into wood twigs.

Call-sиve. - Organ (eye or branch) momentarily retained with a view to attracting sap to the level where it is placed.

Arable. - Qualifier applied to the part of the soil subjected to cultivation methods.

Arcure. - Bending of the branches in order to reduce their vigor and, therefore, to increase their possibilities of production (fruiting, in particular).

Rotation. - Division of all the cultivated land of a holding, into soles, each of which includes all the parcels which, in the same year, bear the same crop.

Awning. - Mobile shelter used for the protection of fruit trees led in espalier or counter-espalier.

Advances. - Contributions of fertilizing materials supplied to the soil, in anticipation of unforeseen withdrawals of fertilizing elements, carried out during the formation of crops.

Axillary. - Qualifier given to the bud - also called lateral eye - located in the axils of the leaves, this bud giving rise to a branch of less development than that on which it is located.

Tarpaulin. - Chest in bowls or masonry, more or less buried in the ground, serving in particular as a support for the frames and allowing isolation from the external environment of the cultivated crops.

Drenching. - Superficial watering in fine rain intended, as the case may be, to moisten either all or part of a plant, or a bed of seedlings or plantation just established, or even young plants resulting from seedlings.

Bat. - Tool allowing the filling of the ground, in particular on the occasion of the sowing of fine seeds practiced in light and dry ground.

Biennial. - Qualifier applicable to plants whose vegetative cycle exceeds one year but does not exceed two years.

White. - Term used to designate each of the fungal diseases of the genus opium or related genera.

Border. - Association of herbaceous or semi-woody plants, planted frontally in a single row in the immediate vicinity of internal traffic routes (paths, alleys), or massifs.

Bounding. - Operation consisting, during planting, in applying the soil by pressure on the roots, in order to put them in close contact with the soil particles.

Bud. - Organ showing the outline of new shoots in which the constituent parts (especially leaves and flowers) are in a rudimentary state and most often included in a series of scales.

stock Exchange. - Bulge existing in pear and apple at the site of the fruits, this bulge being due to the persistence of the axis of the inflorescences.

Button. - Designated organ, sometimes under the name of flower bud, sometimes under the name of fruit bud, in which the flowers, not yet blossoming, are found grouped.

Cutting. - Fragment of a stem, leaf or root, taken from a given plant and capable of producing roots, thus making it possible to obtain a new subject, identical to the first.

Twig. - Short, slender branch of fruit trees, usually fruitful.

Bulb. - Rounded underground stem, also called onion, consisting of a fleshy plateau, tunics or scales attached to the plateau and tight against each other and a more or less central bud also attached to the plateau.

Bulbil. - Small bulb originating in the axils of the leaves or at the site of the flowers, in certain plants.

Ridging. - Operation consisting in accumulating a variable volume of soil, at the foot of certain plants, and sometimes, in completely covering them with the aim, as the case may be, of causing the multiplication of subterranean organs, of protecting the plant or of allowing the bleaching of the air system of it.

Lapsed. - Term used to qualify the plant parts (leaves in particular), which fall immediately after having fulfilled their role.

Caпeu. - Bud which forms in the axils of scales in certain bulbs (for example: garlic) and which itself presents all the characteristics of the bulb from which it emanates.

Deficiency. - Insufficiency, in the soil, of the content of a secondary constituent element such as: boron, manganese, iron, zinc, etc., this insufficiency resulting in particular in the decay and even the disappearance of the plants which suffer from it ( deficiency disease>.

Cernage. - Operation consisting, in pulling up into clods, in cutting the roots of the plant concerned at the limit of the clod to be extracted.

Loading. - Operation consisting in completing the chests or the tarpaulins, by means of a volume of soil or compost sufficient to allow the normal development of the roots of the plants to be cultivated.

Hairy. - The whole of the rootlets or last divisions of the root of a plant, each branch having the appearance of a hair.

Collar.- Ideal point of junction between the stem and the main root.

Compost. - Mixture of debris of plant or animal origin, piled up and subjected to a slow transformation, with a view to increasing the assimilability, by the plants, of the fertilizing materials contained in these debris.

Basket. - Association, in a regular form, of annual or perennial ornamental plants.

Coast. - Cultivation board, with a slightly inclined surface, located at the foot of a wall, a fence or a hedge, and arranged for the maximum use of solar heat.

Layer. - Clusters of fermentable matter (manure, and leaves, in particular), capable of supplying, thanks to the rise in temperature which occurs during their fermentation, the necessary supplement of heat, at certain times, to plants grown outside the normal season.

Gunshot. - Time when the fermentation and the temperature of the layers, after reaching their highest level, remain stationary, before starting to decay.

Blanket. - Protective device (frame, mats, straw, leaves, etc.) used for plants sensitive to cold or grown outside the normal season.

Stealth culture. - Cultivation of a given crop, carried out between two main crops carried out during the same year, the harvest of which is added to that of the latter two and correspondingly increases the soil ratio.

Underlying culture. - Cultivation practiced under the plants of another culture, as is the case in the rural orchard.

Vegetative cycle. - Period during which a given plant performs all the functions of its life.

Stinger. - Production emitted by the pear tree and the apple tree, constituted by a pointed eye and a very short branching and which is likely to transform into fruitful element in two or three years.

Sinking. - Operation making it possible to deeply loosen the soil by reaching not only the whole of the layer constituting the soil itself, but also the upper part of the subsoil.

Degeneration. - Progressive deterioration of certain characters, in various plants, which usually results in anomalies of vegetation and the absence of any harvest (degenerative disease).

Displacement. - Operation consisting, most often, in removing a plant found in the nursery with a view to planting it in its final location, that is to say permanently. In a more general sense, uprooting a plant to replant it elsewhere.

Storage. - Removal of a plant from the pot in which it was grown.

Tufts division. - Partial or total dissociation of the constituent elements of the strain of a given plant with a view to replanting elsewhere each of the dissociated elements.

Sucker. - An underground branch presenting the characteristics of a stem, emitted by certain plant species.

Drainage. - Operation consisting in cleaning up the soil, by evacuating the water which is there in excess.

Dressage. - Operation carried out in order to give a flat surface to the culture beds, the reference line of this surface being represented by the line, stretched lengthwise.

Йcimage. - Pinching of the extremity or crown in certain plants, in order to limit the increase of these in height and to strengthen the lower organs.

Thinning. - Pulling up surplus plants in order to promote the development of those which should normally exist.

Й bursting. - Operation consisting in tearing apart one or more fractions (fragments) of the stock of a given plant, capable of leading an independent life elsewhere, after prior rooting, if necessary.

Badge. - wood or fruit eye comprising a fraction of bark and liber, detached from a branch of a given tree, with a view to grafting it onto another tree.

Pruning. - Operation consisting in removing excess or poorly located framework branches found on trees driven in free form, with the aim, in particular, of balancing the framework.

Stuffing. - Planting a plant or a fraction of a plant in a pot.

Fertilizer. - Fertilizing material capable of improving the chemical composition of the soil and, therefore, of favoring the development of plants due to the increase in fertility.

Bagging. - Putting in bags made of impermeable or impermeable material, flowers or fruits of certain plants, with a view to isolating them from the surrounding environment and, therefore, to ensure their protection against any attack or disturbance coming from this environment.

Cover spreading. - Application of fertilizers when the cultivated plants are already more or less developed.

Tiolement. - Operation intended to deprive of light, for a certain time, all or part of the air organs of certain vegetables, with a view to causing the disappearance of chlorophyll and thus allowing the bleaching of the interested parts.

Suffocate. - Remove from the action of the air, by placing them under glass shelter, plants which have just been multiplied (graft, cuttings, etc.), in order to promote the development of the roots.

Net. - Aerial branch crawling on the ground, giving rise, from place to place, to adventitious roots and forming, at each of these sites, a new plant which can be separated from the mother plant (example: strawberry).

Melting. - Total destruction of young plants at emergence, due to the presence of certain fungi in the soil, or to excessive watering.

Forcing. - Operation consisting in causing, before the normal season, the setting in vegetation of certain light or fruit or ornamental species, in particular by means of artificial heat.

Franc. - Subject resulting from seedlings.

Grass. - Surface of land, also called lawn, generally located near an inhabited place, covered with plants most often belonging to the family of grasses and to that of butterflies, these plants being combined in a mixture of variable composition and frequently mown, in order to make them bushy and give the ground the appearance of a carpet.

Bucket. - Pot of reduced diameter, generally less than 12 cm.

Pod. - Fruit of plants of the butterfly family.

Graft. - Close association of two fractions of plants with a view to the reproduction of one of these, the plant serving as a support being designated under the name of the subject and the plant to be reproduced, under the name of graft, the result of the operation constituting the grafting.

Claw. - Name given, because of its shape, to the strain of certain plants, made up of fasciculate, short, thick and fleshy roots (example: asparagus).

Dressing. - Operation consisting in eliminating, before planting, the superfluous or damaged organs on the plants to be planted.

Hedge. - Line of trees or shrubs, planted in front over a more or less large width and playing, most often, the role of fence. By extension, the name given to plantations of fruit trees formed in a V-shape and crisscrossed, the shape being referred to as the diamond and the plantation referred to as the fruit hedge.

Hedge. - Dry and cold wind from the northeast, blowing in March-April and more or less harmful to crops.

Herbaceous. - Qualifier applicable to plants whose tissues are soft, tender, watery and green in color, such as those of plants constituting the grass of the meadows.

Wintering. - Shelter and vegetative sleep during the winter of certain plants. Wintering is also constituted by placing in a cold environment certain plants intended for forced cultivation, in order to more or less immobilize the circulation of the sap and thus allow the staggering of the production resulting from the drilling.

Intermediate . - Plant interposed between the subject and the graft, when the affinity between them is not satisfactory, the result of the association of the graft from the upper part to the intermediate plant being referred to as overgrafting.

Irrigation . - Operation having for main purpose to bring to the grounds which do not have sufficient humidity, the quantities of water necessary for the plants which are cultivated there.

Gauge . - Trench opened at the beginning of the digging and kept for the duration of the operation, in order to allow the displacement of the soil to be loosened. By extension, is designated under the name of gauging the operation consisting in provisionally placing certain plants or fractions of plants in a gauge, then recapped, pending the planting or multiplication of said plants.

Jet . - Small apple emitted in more or less quantity by the Brussels sprouts and distributed all along the stem, except at the top.

Joist . - Wood twig, big and short, ending in a flower bud or in a wood eye in the process of being transformed into a flower bud.

Lignification . - Transformation of herbaceous tissue into woody tissue, that is to say constituted by wood.

Mesh . - Name given to certain flowers of vegetable plants such as peas and plants of the cucurbits family (melon, pumpkin, etc.), the flowers so designated, in the latter case, being the female flowers.

Eat all . - Term applied to varieties of beans and peas whose pods are devoid of fibrous or parchment material, which allows them to be eaten as they are,

Marcotte . - Branch on which the emission of adventitious roots has been provoked beforehand at a given point, while it was still connected to the mother plant, and which is severed in order to obtain an independent plant.

Massive . - Assembly of trees or shrubs more or less tight and arranged in such a way as to obtain a determined ornamental effect.

Minimum . - Name given to the rule (Law of the minimum) according to which the yield of crops depends on the fertilizing element (nitrogen, phosphoric acid, potash) which is found in less quantity in the soil, hence the need for the input of balanced manures.

Cleaning . - Operation still known under the name of toilet, consisting, in particular, in ridding the plants cultivated in open ground or in the shelter, of any useless element, annoying or even harmful (dead leaves, dead wood, etc.).

Eye . -Term under which the buds of fruit trees and ornamental trees are generally referred to.

Њecup . - Grows emitted by the strain of the artichoke, the separation of this sucker, from the mother plant, being referred to under the name of stump.

Shady . - Operation consisting in protecting from the effects of solar rays, certain plants grown under glass shelter, most often at the time of resumption or when the plants are young.

Tab . - Fraction of stem or branch preserved after certain grafting operations, during the reduction of the subject, in order to serve as a support for the branch emitted by the graft, located lower, and to allow the appearance of sap calls.

Palisade . - Assembly of boards or cut and more or less dry plants, established in length and intended, in particular, to play the role of fence and shelter against the wind.

Mulching . - Operation consisting in spreading on the cultivated soil, in a continuous bed of low thickness, straw or more or less decomposed manure.

Mulch . - Layer of straw or manure placed on the occasion of mulching.

Foot loops . - Trail including. the width does not exceed that of two feet placed at the same level.

Nursery . - Site of land reserved for the multiplication of plants and their development until the time of the formal notice.

Marbling . - Operation consisting in ridding the seeds of certain plants (carrot, in particular), of the beards which they contain.

Persistent . - Term used to qualify the plant parts (leaves, in particular), which remain while remaining green, after each annual vegetative cycle.

Mother foot . -Touffe or strain of a vegetable, intended to provide the elements necessary for its reproduction other than by seed. In the latter case, the plant concerned is referred to as the seed carrier.

Pinching . - Operation, also called clipping, consisting in cutting, either with the nails or with a pruner, the end of the young twigs, in order to concentrate the sap in the lower part of them and, therefore, to favor the development of the elements that are there Implanted (buds, branches or fruits).

Pivot . - Name given to the root of plants which, by its importance in relation to other roots, constitutes the main root and sinks more or less vertically into the soil.

Plant . - Young vegetable From a seed. By extension, vegetable planted or intended to be.

Pla t water. - Part of the root system into which the main root and all or part of the secondary roots are inserted.

Full earth . - Term used to denote cultivation practiced in the open air without the need for shelter. This term is also used to denote cultivation on the ground, as opposed, in particular, to cultivation in pots or containers.

Full wind . - Term used to designate trees of fruit species, especially those grown on stems, far from any shelter.

Plumbing . - Operation consisting in compacting the soil by various means: roller, beater, shovel, even the feet, in order to increase its consistency and to put the seeds spread during sowing in closer contact with the soil particles.

Absorbent bristles . - Filamentous organs emitted by the roots and through which the absorption of nutrients from the soil takes place.

Pocket . - Small hole made in the ground, in order to deposit seeds or tubers.

Absorbency . - Possibility that presents a soil of being able to retain more or less a long time, in its upper layer, the fertilizing elements which are supplied to it during the manuring.

Praline . - Coating of the roots and, exceptionally, of the stem at the time of planting, in a consistent coating comprising rapidly assimilable fertilizing materials, in order to reduce the perspiration of the subjects and to promote the recovery.

Extension . - Twig of the year located at the end of the stem and the framework branches.

Reconstruction . - Operation consisting in cutting back all or part of a woody plant at a point of the stem or of the framework branches, as the case may be, so that it can benefit from a reinforced vegetation, either by means of the new shoots emitted, or by grafting.

Hot .- Fresh manure incorporated into a layer or placed in the form of a wall of variable thickness at the edge of the chests, in order, as the case may be, to bring a boost of heat to the initial layer or to avoid heat loss more or less important which would decrease the effects and the duration of the said layer.

Rejection . - Branch, also called offspring, which springs from the stump of woody or perennial plants.

Repotting . - Operation consisting in removing a given plant from the pot in which it was placed, and putting it in a pot of a higher caliber.

Transplanting . - Operation consisting in transferring plants from seedlings, thinned or not previously, in order to plant them in another place, with the aim of hardening them and strengthening their possibilities of absorption and assimilation until their permanent planting .

Reprise . - Physiological moment from which the plants or fractions of plants placed in the ground by way of planting or even transplanting, are able to resume their vegetative functions, interrupted at the time of removal.

Sweating . - Gradual return to a state of normal dryness of freshly disturbed wetlands or soils having benefited from more or less abundant watering, as well as plant parts extracted from the soil (tubers, for example).

Rhizome . - Fleshy underground stem, generally made up of a succession of small swellings having more or less the appearance of a rosary.

Taxiing . - Operation consisting in passing an instrument called a roller over a loosened soil with the intention, either to level it by breaking up the superficial clods, or to cause the compaction of its upper part in order to give it more cohesion.

Scion . - Growth of the year emitted by a plant obtained from seedlings or by the graft in grafting operations.

Weaning . - Operation consisting in separating the branch connected to the mother plant, from the latter, in the mode of multiplication by layering, when the said branch is able to continue an autonomous vegetation.

Sole . - Group of cultivation beds which, on a given farm, carry the same crop in the same year.

Stratification . - Arrangement in successive beds of certain plant elements (seeds, bulbs, tubers, grafts, cuttings, etc.), with the interposition of a layer of insulating material (dry or slightly damp earth), in order to maintain the vitality necessary for these elements awaiting their normal use.

Subject . - Term by which is designated the plant serving as support for the graft, in the operation of the grafting, this plant being still called rootstock.

Surfacing . - Regeneration of the superficial part of the soil, especially in crops grown in pots.

Overgrafting . - Operation consisting in grafting the same subject twice, using an intermediate subject (see this word).

Cut . - Operation consisting in methodically reducing certain constituent elements of the aerial system of plants (stems, framework branches, crowns, etc.) with the aim of obtaining a better vegetative balance as well as a rational use of the fertilizing elements of the soil and, therefore, of 'to improve the function of the vegetable. .

Talage . - Marks more or less deep existing on the fruits as a result of abnormal pressure of the epidermis, during picking or transport, the bruising of the tissues which results therefrom generally causing the rotting of the affected fruits.

Topdressing . - Operation consisting in covering the surface of a cultivated land, after sowing or thinning, with a layer of potting soil of more or less shallow thickness, in order to improve the surface part of the soil, both from the point of view physical than chemical, and thus to provide the seeds sown or the plants remaining after thinning, with better possibilities of development.

Beating earth . - Superficially compact land with a tendency to freeze after each rainfall or each watering, which requires the execution of numerous cultivations.

Hollow earth . - Ground made up of large molecules, with insufficient cohesion therefore, which requires the execution of a rolling or a filling before sowing or planting.

Earth frank . - Land in which the content of basic constituent elements (clay, silica, limestone, humus) is satisfactory for each of these elements.

Transplantation . - Operation consisting in pulling up a given plant and replanting it in a new location.

Treille . - Cord of vine led on a high stem and established either in espalier or in counter-espalier.

Triennial . - Qualifier applicable to plants whose vegetative cycle exceeds two years without exceeding three years.

Tuber . - Subterranean stem swollen and full of reserve nutrients, found in some plants, such as potato.

Staking . - Operation consisting in providing a rigid support to a given plant or to a fraction of plant in order, as the case may be, to consolidate it in the ground (fruit trees, for example) or to ensure the maintenance of its stem (example: sarmentose or climbing plants). The support is generally referred to as the guardian, except for the vine where it is known as the scallop and for plants such as peas where the guardian is called oar.

Perennial . - Qualifier applicable to herbaceous plants whose strain lasts several years, each year emitting new shoots which die in autumn or at the onset of winter.

The witches' hut in the trees under the snow when you wake up!

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