How to dry vegetables at home, the pros and cons of different ways

Lack of sunlight, lack of fruits and vegetables in the menu, vitamin deficiency provoke a weakening of the immune system in the winter-spring period, increase the risk of catching a cold and vitamin deficiency. Fruits and vegetables dried in reserve will help to cope with this problem. How to dry blanks for the winter at home.

What vegetables can be dried

The variety of products that are suitable for drying at home is impressive - from dill and potatoes to bananas and watermelons. Drying of peppers, carrots, beets is in demand among housewives, which make up an excellent set for cooking borscht. Dried herbs will add aroma and piquancy to your food.

Dried fruits are a concentrate of nutrients that exist in fresh counterparts.

The benefits and harms of dried vegetables

To preserve and prepare supplies for the winter, the products are dried. This method has advantages, but not without its weaknesses.

Advantages of admission:

  • preservation of vitamins, nutrients, taste;
  • suitability for the diet of children, the sick and the elderly;
  • the possibility of using on hikes, picnics;
  • the duration of keeping dry;
  • the elementary nature of the procurement process;
  • ease of use of dried supplies;
  • saving space when storing products;
  • there is no need to spend on complex household equipment.

The disadvantages of this technology include:

  • the weight and volume of finished raw materials are significantly lost - up to 90% of the weight;
  • useful substances are lost - up to 30% of vitamin C and microelements;
  • cooking becomes more difficult due to excessive dryness and harshness of the product;
  • drying is not suitable for all fruits;
  • sometimes vegetables are affected by mold.

Drying vegetables in the oven at home

Artificial fruit drying technique is popular among users. The pluses include the availability of equipment in each kitchen of an apartment or cottage.

When using the oven, set the minimum temperature regime and keep the door open. After 25 minutes, move the vegetables down, bring to readiness. Important! Juicing denotes partial drying. Cracking of the root crop during compression signals that the vegetable is not ready.

The disadvantages of the method are associated with the need to dry vegetable products in several stages so that they do not turn into crackers. As a rule, it takes 2 or 3 days to prepare vegetables.

Drying in a dryer

You can use a device designed specifically for the preparation of dried food for the winter. A distinctive feature of the reception:

  • convenience;
  • time spent - several hours;
  • uniform heating is provided by the air convection option.

Separate samples of devices, for example VOLTERA 1000 Lux, are additionally equipped with a grid with a fine mesh, which is intended for drying small fruits: beans, peas, tomatoes. The ideal temperature is considered when drying in an electric device: +40 ... + 60 ° С.

Imperfection of the workpiece:

  • regular mixing, periodic change of location for uniform drying;
  • energy consumption.

Microwave drying

The microwave oven allows you to get a dried root crop in the shortest possible time. The positive aspects of the option include:

  • the speed of the operation;
  • uniform drying;
  • preservation of natural properties, color, smell.

You will need a suitable ceramic or glass container lined with a paper towel. The chopped fruits are placed in 1 row and covered with a napkin on top. It is advisable to place a glass of liquid in the microwave and monitor the water content. The microwave is turned on at full power and the workpiece is set for a maximum of 3 minutes. Control the readiness. When the fruits are not brought to condition, it takes 40 seconds to dry. It is important not to overdry foods.

Disadvantages of admission:

  • compliance with the size of the cut;
  • power consumption.

To provide the diet with vitamin products, it is advisable to stock up on dried vegetables, and which method of harvesting at home is preferable for the consumer to choose. We recommend reading how to dry cabbage and beets at home.

How to dry pears in the oven and electric dryer? Rules for choosing pears for drying and their further storage

The healthiest drink is, of course, the one made with your own hands from fruits and berries. In the summer, such goodness is enough, but what to do in the winter when everything ends? Buy juices from the store at exorbitant prices or prepare dried fruits from the summer? Naturally, the second option will be the best, since the dried fruit compote will come out healthy, tasty and inexpensive. Therefore, today we will consider how to dry pears in the oven and electric dryer, so that they turn out beautiful, not overdried and have a long shelf life.

When is the procedure needed?

Drying nuts is necessary if you want to preserve their beneficial properties for a long time and enjoy all the advantages of the product for a whole year. Once harvested, nuts usually contain a large amount of oil and a percentage of moisture.

This moisture is an excellent breeding ground for bacteria, and when exposed to oxygen, oil oxidizes, spoils the taste of almonds and makes them less useful. That is why, in order to prevent these phenomena, almonds need to be dried.

Colon cleansing: a pseudo-medical procedure or an effective detoxification method?

The intestines are not only an important part of the digestive system. It is here that up to 80% of the elements of cellular immunity are concentrated [1], and the microorganisms inhabiting the intestines are involved in the processes of metabolism, protection, and utilization of toxins. Scientists associate the condition of this digestive organ with the health of the skin, liver and other organs and systems.

The main habitat of beneficial intestinal flora is the large intestine. If measured in units that are understandable to most, then the total mass of the microbial flora here is up to one and a half kilograms! Moreover, the number of microorganisms includes both neutral and potentially pathogenic, i.e. conditionally dangerous.

For intestinal health, it is not the absence of pathogenic flora that is important, but the maintenance of the necessary balance of various types of microorganisms. Taking a number of drugs (in particular, antibiotics), infectious diseases, stress, dietary habits can lead to a disturbance in the healthy balance and, as a result, digestive disorders, impaired immunity, deterioration of the skin condition, and a general decrease in tone.

One of the methods of restoring a healthy balance of flora in the intestines is the so-called cleansing, or detoxification. Usually it is carried out by the sorption method, i.e. absorption of one substance by another. The sorbent works like a sponge: it extracts, fixes and removes toxins and metabolic products from the body. As a result, it is possible to correct the metabolism, reduce the toxic load on the body, avoid allergic reactions, and stimulate intestinal motility. However, this method is far from the only one.

There are other ways to cleanse your intestines:

  • stimulation of the intestines and kidneys, which helps the natural elimination of feces
  • intestinal dialysis - washing with enemas or a colon hydrotherapy machine
  • oxidative techniques - the introduction of sodium hypochlorite into the body, the saturation of organs with oxygen using apparatus, etc.

However, sorption is the most common method today.

It is important to note that any "cleaning" of the intestines at home should be done with great care. If performed incorrectly during the procedure, peristalsis may be disturbed (i.e., a wave-like contraction of the intestinal walls, which promotes the movement of its contents to the outlet), and healthy flora is washed out. All manipulations must be carried out strictly after consulting a doctor.

Signs that the intestines need "cleansing"

What signs indicate that it is time to "cleanse" the intestines from toxins?

  • Digestive disorders (bloating, increased gas production, upset stools, a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen).
  • Signs of intoxication (fatigue, irritability, decreased immunity, sometimes there may be a slight increase in temperature).
  • Skin manifestations (allergic rashes, peeling, itching, dryness).

How to cleanse your intestines at home

We have already mentioned that there are various methods for cleansing the intestines. Let's dwell in more detail on two main groups: methods of artificial detoxification and enhancement of natural cleansing processes.

Artificial methods can only be implemented in a hospital setting and under the supervision of a specialist. These include:

  • sorption (plasma, hemo-, lymph and other varieties)
  • dialysis and filtration
  • physiotherapy, or blood treatment with ultraviolet rays, laser, magnets, etc.
  • separation and replacement of blood and lymph (infusion therapy, plasmapheresis, exchange transfusion).

However, our body also has inherent in nature, natural mechanisms to get rid of toxins. This is the elimination of metabolic products through the kidneys, lungs, sweat, etc. All these processes can be stimulated and enhanced, which means that you can quickly cleanse the intestines using natural methods.

Among the natural methods of detoxification, there are some that are difficult to implement outside the hospital. For example, this is hyperventilation of the lungs or therapeutic hypothermia (a decrease in body temperature, which avoids the synthesis of substances harmful to the body). But there is also such a method that can be carried out at home - these are cleansing enemas. You can also take medications to promote detoxification on your own (but after consulting a doctor).

A cleansing enema helps to empty the lower intestines. The introduced water helps to soften the stool, improve intestinal motility, and facilitate the evacuation process. An enema can be done both for constipation and for removing toxins from organisms, including in case of poisoning. The procedure also has contraindications:

  • inflammatory diseases of the rectum
  • stomach and intestinal bleeding
  • peritonitis
  • cancer, rectal prolapse
  • cardiovascular diseases
  • postoperative period.

An enema can be done with cool water (enhances peristalsis), water at room temperature or a temperature higher than body temperature (up to 42 degrees) to relieve spasm. The addition of oil to the water helps to activate bowel contraction.

Enema is an effective means for "cleansing" the intestines. However, the technique also has its drawbacks: when performing the procedure at home with non-sterile equipment, there is a risk of infection. In addition, for an enema, most often they take tap water containing chlorine, and it can have a negative effect on the mucous membranes. Uncontrolled use of an enema is fraught with various complications. In addition to the fact that you can actually "wash" the beneficial flora from the body, you can also disrupt the motor function of the intestines. Most often, girls who do enemas with the aim of losing weight suffer from this.

Medicines for "cleansing" the intestines

Colon cleansing medications enhance the natural processes of excretion of metabolic products. The main types of drugs:

  • Laxatives (they differ in their principle of action: they can increase peristalsis, increase the osmotic pressure in the intestine, soften stool, etc.). The drugs in this group include lactulose, glycosides, herbal components, in particular, senna leaves. It is impossible to take laxatives in case of intestinal obstruction, a condition called "acute abdomen", inflammatory bowel diseases, dehydration, while taking a course of antibiotics.
  • Diuretics (diuretics). The principle of action of diuretics is based on the fact that they reduce the reabsorption of water and salts in the kidneys, which means that they increase the volume of their excretion. Diuretics are usually prescribed for diseases that are accompanied by edema. When taking these drugs, it is necessary to control the sodium level, which is actively excreted in the urine. Diuretics include drugs such as Torasemide, Furosemide and others. They are not prescribed for diabetes mellitus, liver cirrhosis, arrhythmias.
  • Sorbents - substances that can "absorb" toxins and actively remove them from the body. Sorbents should be atraumatic for the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), absorb a large amount of toxins and be quickly excreted from the intestines. One of the most famous sorbents is activated carbon. Also drugs in this group include "Smecta", "Polysorb", "Lactofiltrum" and others. Sorbents should not be taken in case of gastric and intestinal bleeding, intestinal obstruction, erosive lesions of the gastrointestinal tract.

You cannot use any of the listed drugs on an ongoing basis. They can cause a violation of electrolyte metabolism, the elimination of useful flora, so they can be taken only in a limited course and on the recommendation of a specialist.

Cleansing by diet therapy

Detox nutrition programs have become increasingly popular in recent years. Diets, the main task of which is to eliminate toxins from the body, are based on the consumption of large quantities of vegetables and fruits, as well as foods containing fiber and fiber.

Prohibited consumption: salt, sugar, alcohol, coffee, semi-finished products, canned foods.

  • vegetables - asparagus, carrots, peppers, broccoli, beets
  • cereals
  • sprouted wheat
  • lean meat and fish
  • fresh and dried fruits.

From drinks it is recommended to drink more water, natural juices, one of the meals can be replaced with smoothies.

In general, detox diets meet all the principles of a healthy lifestyle. With detox nutrition, you need to eat regularly, the last meal should be no later than 8 pm. Such a regime allows you to establish normal digestion, harmonize the bacterial flora of the intestines, and by consuming a large amount of fiber and fiber, get rid of toxins.

Folk recipes

Magnesia bath

Magnesium sulfate, which can be purchased at the pharmacy, has the ability to "draw" water. For effective bowel cleansing, magnesia can be taken as a laxative, and a magnesium bath is an excellent anti-edema remedy. You can not carry out the procedure for cardiovascular failure, diabetes, hypertension, cancer, coronary artery disease, acute infections and inflammation.

Bath is one of the most popular home detox methods. Due to the high temperature, the pores open, sweating is activated, and toxins are actively removed. You can further enhance the effect by using a broom. However, the bath has very serious contraindications: you cannot expose the body to high temperatures for people who have problems with the cardiovascular system, neurological diseases, acute infections, fungal skin lesions.

Deep bowel cleansing in stationary conditions: colon hydrotherapy

The detoxification methods discussed are applicable at home. However, as we have already said, there are also such methods of complete cleansing of the intestines, which must be done exclusively in a hospital, in particular, hydrocolonotherapy.

In fact, we are talking about washing the intestines, when from 20 to 60 liters of water passes through it during the procedure. With the help of a special apparatus and a system of hoses, liquid constantly flows into the intestine and at the same time the feces are removed. Several procedures are usually performed.

As a result of hydrocolonotherapy, weight is noticeably reduced (it takes from 3 to 5 kg per procedure), the condition of the skin improves, allergic skin reactions can go away, and general health is normalized. However, many doctors are wary of the procedure, as a result of which the balance of the intestinal microflora may be disturbed, therefore, it is not often recommended.

Contraindications to colon hydrotherapy are cardiovascular diseases, renal failure, suspected intestinal bleeding, abdominal pain, adhesions, as well as a variety of gastrointestinal pathologies, pregnancy.

There are many ways to cleanse the intestines that can be done both at home and in a hospital setting. It is important to remember that most of the techniques are designed for course use and cannot be used constantly, as they threaten to disrupt the intestinal microflora. Before starting any detox program, you should consult with a specialist and choose the most gentle regimen.

How to cleanse the intestines and not harm the body

The bowel cleansing procedure should be complex in order not only to remove toxins, metabolic products and pathogenic bacteria, but also to ensure the normalization of the intestinal flora. This goal is easily achieved through the use of combination drugs. An example is Laktofiltrum. Natural sorbent lignin in its composition provides intestinal cleansing from both toxins and pathogenic bacteria. Additionally, Lactofiltrum contains the prebiotic component lactulose. Prebiotics are substances that do not take part in digestion (are not digested), but at the same time have a beneficial effect on the body, since they stimulate the growth or activity of bacteria that protect the gastrointestinal tract [2]. This is exactly what lactulose has.

Simply put, "Lactofiltrum" helps not only to provide a detox effect, but also to do it without harm to the body. If the other programs of bowel cleansing discussed above can cause an imbalance in flora, then Lactofiltrum allows you to avoid these consequences. As a result, the detox is more complete and the effect is complex. As a result, health, skin condition improves, and weight decreases.

How to dry walnuts in an electric dryer

When you have a similar appliance in your home, the drying process becomes even easier (but not faster!). It is only important to strictly follow the instructions for using the electric dryer and monitor the degree of readiness of the fruits. The whole procedure takes no more than 5 hours. The number of nuts should be minimal so that you do not have to do several approaches. Turn them over during the drying process.

If you lay a large number of fruits, then you will have to carry out drying in stages. Turn on the device for 6 hours, then turn it off and leave the product until the next day. Repeat until ready. The optimum temperature for the dryer is + 25 ° C. The method has two drawbacks - time costs and significant power consumption.

How to prepare chili peppers for storage

Dear friends, when I buy pepper for winter, I choose ripe vegetables. I prepare the pepper for storage in advance:

  • Soak the vegetable for 30 minutes. in a bucket of warm water, so insects and debris float up.
  • I wash it under the tap.
  • I dry it on a towel.
  • I revise and sort through.
  • For the refrigerator, canning and drying whole - I leave the specimens without damage and stains.
  • For freezing, twisting - the remaining peppers are useful.

Potted Vegetables

Almost all vegetables that are grown in the garden can also be grown in a flowerpot, only each crop has its own characteristics.

Growing cucumbers in a pot

Especially desirable, incredibly tasty and aromatic in the winter cold, is a crispy, slightly sweet cucumber. When outside the window there are severe frosts and snowdrifts, the green plant hanging on the trellis simply beckons to itself. But it should be remembered that cucumbers are very picky and even an experienced gardener does not always succeed in growing a bush, harvesting. Therefore, you should follow the advice of experienced experts.

  1. Choose seeds from self-pollinated cucumber hybrids, early ripening varieties characterized by their shade tolerance and disease resistance. "Marinda", "Onezhsky", "Legend", "Masha", not a complete list of names of cucumber products marked with the letter F, are suitable for growing in a flower pot on a windowsill.
  2. Mandatory highlighting will ensure the harvest. No light, no fruit.
  3. The thermal regime at a temperature of 24 degrees Celsius must be maintained at any time of the day.
  4. Regular moistening with warm, settled water.

Growing a tomato in a pot

Vegetable salad without tomato is not a salad. Ripe and juicy fruits can be grown in a flower pot if you follow our advice.

  1. Self-pollinated F1 varieties, undersized and small-fruited, are suitable for planting in a pot. Very beautiful are the green branches of the cherry tomato, strewn with small bright fruits. Balcony Miracle, Room Surprise, Yellow and Red Pearls, Lisa, Bonsai, Pinocchio - all of them are suitable for winter cultivation. A conscientious grower of tomato seeds must make a mark on the packaging like "Harvest on the windowsill" or "Pot growing of vegetables". If there is such a mark, you can safely purchase the proposed product and not doubt the possibility of obtaining fruits.
  2. The creation of additional lighting with special phyto lamps is necessary for both a growing plant and a fruiting one.
  3. Regular airing of the room, a slight draft will not damage the tomato bush.
  4. Preventing dampness and stagnation of air in the house - this will lead to the appearance of diseases.
  5. Moisten the soil not often, but abundantly.
  6. Control the lighting by turning towards the light, then the green mass on the bush will grow evenly from all sides.

Sweet pepper "Paprika"

Vegetable salad made from fresh tomatoes and cucumbers will decorate and add piquancy to sweet bell peppers with paprika. What to think about and what to worry about for growing bell peppers in a pot?

  1. For planting in a pot, suitable early-maturing self-pollinated F1 varieties of yellow-fruited Patio-Ivo, thick-walled red California miracle, purple Oda variety, which is characterized by low growth, but high yield.
  2. Additional supplementary lighting is simply necessary for a southern plant.
  3. "No" to drafts and "yes" to high temperatures in the room - these are the main principles of growing pepper.
  4. Obligatory regular inspection and protection against common spider mites.

Green onions - spicy greens on the windowsill

What kind of vegetable salad can be prepared without green onions. This plant is completely unpretentious, grows in any room and at any temperature, in a flower pot and in a glass of water. But, if the room is warm, light and the soil is sufficiently moist, then the harvest of green onions will be excellent and as fast as possible.

Growing greens on the windowsill

In addition to onions, you can safely grow all the greens - dill, parsley, lettuce, celery, spinach. The planting principle is identical to open field. You should create a small glass or lid greenhouse that is advised to cover the flower pots until full seedlings emerge. A warm place and good lighting are essential for successful cultivation. It is not necessary to feed the greens, but if there is something, then there will be no harm from this.

The main ways to dry dill at home

You can dry prepared and processed greens in different ways. Previously, it is crushed or left with whole branches. If all the rules are followed, then the spice will retain its taste and healing qualities for a long time.

Drying in the open air

Dill twigs are tied together, creating small bunches. After that, they are suspended with the roots upwards, protecting them from exposure to sunlight. In this case, fresh air should freely flow to the spice.

Finely chopped dill can also be dried outdoors. To do this, spread the greens in one layer on a flat surface and cover with gauze to prevent contamination.

How to dry dill in the oven

You can also dry spicy herbs in the oven, only the air temperature should not exceed 42 degrees, otherwise all essential oils will evaporate:

  • Too hot air destroys the useful properties of the product and changes the appearance of the workpiece.
  • Put paper on the bottom of the baking sheet and distribute the dill sprigs in one layer, you can decompose the chopped greens.
  • Do not close the oven door tightly, you need to ensure the flow of air.

The drying procedure takes about 3.5 hours. During this time, every 25 minutes you need to pull out the baking sheet and transfer the greens.

Dry greens in an electric dryer

You can simply and quickly prepare herbs for long-term storage using an electric dryer. The trays of the device are filled with spicy grass and a mode is set where the temperature does not exceed 38 degrees. The procedure lasts an average of 40 minutes.

Drying dill in the refrigerator

The collected greens are laid out on a flat surface, covered with a napkin and placed in the refrigerator for 16 days, where it is warmest. During this period of time, all moisture from the greenery will evaporate. The finished dried spice is transferred to containers and removed to a dark place.

How to dry greens in the microwave

Lay out a napkin on a plate with a flat bottom, distribute the herb and cover with another layer of napkin. Then the product is placed in the microwave. After 2.5 minutes, check the greens for readiness. If necessary, you can return the herb to the microwave for a couple more minutes.

How to dry dill for the winter so that it does not turn yellow

If the procedure for drying the spicy herbs was carried out incorrectly, then the appearance of the greens changes, and it becomes covered with yellow spots. Excessive temperatures during drying are a common cause of appearance changes.

To prevent the dill leaves from drying out in any chosen method, they should be covered with a light cloth or paper.

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