Rumba strawberry is a new foreign variety of great commercial interest. Due to the spectacular appearance and good transportability of the berries, this early ripening variety is an excellent candidate for replacing outdated varieties by farmers growing strawberries for sale.
Rumba strawberries are called a very successful find of recent years, capable of replacing obsolete industrial varieties in cool climates. Bred in Holland, this strawberry quickly spread throughout European countries and took root well in many regions of our country, from the Moscow region to the Far East. It is also grown in neighboring Belarus and Ukraine. Rumba is planted not only in traditional conditions, that is, in open ground, but also in greenhouses, not only on ordinary soil, but also on hydroponics.
The variety is considered medium early: in most regions, it begins to bear fruit in mid-June. Rumba is compared in many respects with the well-known Khonya variety; they bear fruit at almost the same time. Fruiting is long, but the variety does not have any signs of remontantity. Already in the first year after spring planting, up to 300 g of berries can be harvested from the bush, in subsequent years - up to half a kilogram.
The bush is large, with a lot of wide dark green leaves. Inflorescences are laid at the level of the leaves. Peduncles are strong, multi-flowered, each has up to seven flowers and, subsequently, berries. The flowers are almost 100% pollinated. A moderate amount of whiskers is formed, sufficient for the propagation of strawberries.
Despite the strength of the peduncles, it is necessary to take into account the lodging of heavy berries, organize the bedding in time
Fully ripe berries have an ideal shape: it can be conical or round-conical. Berries are large, mostly weighing 25-30 g, can reach 50 g, shiny, dark red with a cherry tint and strong aroma. Over time, the berries do not become smaller. The taste is described as "decent": sweet with a slight sourness.
The disease resistance of the variety is slightly higher than average, it is not affected by gray rot and various spots. The resistance of the variety is noted in conditions of high humidity. The frost resistance of plants is high, the transportability of the crop is excellent. For several days of storage, the appearance and taste of the berries are preserved.
The difference between Rumba strawberries is the correct shape: they practically do not have flaws in the form of bulges, cavities, berry doubling, etc. The shape is classic, almost conical. The color is pleasant: red at the stage of incomplete ripening and close to cherry for overripe berries. The berries are dark red with a strong shine to the required degree of ripeness. There are many seeds, they are small, light yellow, the berries do not protrude above the surface.
The main advantage of the variety is the perfect presentation of the berries.
The Rumba strawberry is undoubtedly one of the best industrial varieties. Its main advantages are:
The disadvantages are:
Many varieties of Dutch strawberries are known, and, unlike some vegetable crops, there are practically no ones among them that would disappoint Russian gardeners. So, in its own way, strawberries of the Korona variety are good, but at present they cease to grow it on an industrial scale, since its yield by modern standards is recognized as insufficient. Lambada strawberries have an excellent berry taste, but their frost resistance is insufficient for confident cultivation even at the latitude of Moscow. Strawberry Gigantella is capable of producing berries weighing up to 100 g, but is focused primarily on amateur gardens.
Gigantella - one of the Dutch varieties, intended mainly for small private gardens
A number of sources say that the enthusiasm for the Rumba strawberry is premature and relates more to the field of advertising, but many reviews indicate that it is indeed a very worthy variety.
Rumba strawberries are versatile, although they are mainly grown for sale. This may mean that, first of all, they must be consumed fresh (indeed, because there are not many people who buy strawberries for harvesting, this is mainly done by gardeners themselves, who have grown a large harvest). At the same time, absolutely all preparations can be made from this strawberry: the chemical composition of the berries allows you to get delicious jams, jams and compotes, as well as liqueurs and even wine. The hardness of the berries allows you to freeze them and in winter, in a thawed form, feast on strawberries that have almost not lost their shape and color.
Rumba holds its shape well when frozen
Rumba strawberry cultivation technology is traditional for short-day varieties. The best soils for her are slightly acidified. On alkaline soils and loams, and even more so on clays, this strawberry grows, but the berries greatly lose their taste. 1 m2 place four plants. Since they are quite powerful, a tighter fit is undesirable. In those regions where mustache planting is practiced in August, it is more preferable than spring.
If the irrigation regime is normal, then the variety is very demanding regarding nutrition. Without the timely introduction of dressings, the berries greatly lose in sugar content. During flowering, the formation of ovaries and with the beginning of the coloring of the berries, strawberries must be fed, focusing on potash fertilizers. Foliar dressing is also useful.
Gardeners note that this variety is very sensitive to an overabundance of boron.
To propagate this strawberry, it is advisable to plant a separate bed, where you intensively care for the mother bushes, and mercilessly destroy the whiskers that appear on the market bed. In commercial orchards, the variety is grown on a two-year basis, as yields begin to decline in the third year. In private households, as usual, strawberries are kept in one place for 4–5 years. Rumba's ability to tolerate frost is slightly lower than that of Khonei, but still very high, so light shelters for the winter are required only in the coldest regions.
In the northernmost regions, an easy shelter for the winter is necessary for Rumba
Rumba strawberry is considered a variety intended for commercial production, but it is also successfully grown by ordinary summer residents. It is distinguished by the ideal shape and good taste of berries, the versatility of their use, and the ideal transportability of the harvest.
Photos of Bryansk strawberries show different sizes of berries. This characteristic is acceptable and depends on several factors:
|Variety name||strawberry "Queen"|
|Recommended growing region||Central region of the Russian Federation|
|Ripening period||from mid June to late July|
|Fruiting||disposable, has an extended character|
|Features of the||grows in short daylight hours|
|Assessment by tasters||4.8 points|
|Strawberry flavor||sweet and sour, harmonious, juicy pulp, aromatic|
|Average weight of berries||12-20 g|
|Color||red, glossy, dark red pulp|
|Yield||under optimally favorable conditions up to 130 kg / ha|
|Disease resistance||high to fungal and viral diseases|
|Frost resistance||in a snowy winter it tolerates frosts down to -30 ° С, without a snow cover, strawberry buds freeze out at -15 ° С|
On a note. Gardeners appreciate the variety for its good immunity, thanks to which the berry is subjected to a minimum amount of chemical treatments.
Strawberry Queen has positive reviews, many summer residents recommend growing it, noting the following advantages and disadvantages:
|abundant fruiting||the threat of freezing in a snowless winter|
|excellent presentation of berries|
|good taste||decrease in the size and number of berries with age|
|drought and frost tolerance|
|high immunity to diseases||the need to rejuvenate the garden every 4-5 years|
|safety of berries during transportation|
Recommendation. In regions with insufficient rainfall in winter, it is recommended to cover strawberry beds with straw, spruce branches or fallen leaves from under healthy trees.
The Queen's harvest is characterized as follows:
In the photo - the fruits of ripe strawberries Tsaritsa
An important advantage of the variety is the presence of bisexual flowers. This means that the neighborhood with other varieties is not necessary, strawberries do not require additional pollinators. Blossoming of small compact bushes is abundant, extended. The strawberry flowers of this variety are large in size, with a pronounced sweetish aroma. The number of leaves is medium, due to which the berries have good access to fresh air and light. After flowering, an average number of whiskers is formed, characterized by a reddish color and strong pubescence.
Young bushes of the Queen
The variety is distinguished by a developed root system, due to which it is able to withstand prolonged drought and extremely high temperatures. The winter hardiness of the variety is average. For a good wintering, sufficient snow depth or an artificial shelter is required. Without a cover, partial freezing of the strawberry growth point is possible.
The ripening dates for this variety of strawberries in the Central Region are in mid-June. In the North Caucasus region, the beginning of fruiting is possible earlier. The berries are tied and ripen gradually, 2-3 fruits are sung on the bush every day. During the season, about 100-120 centners of fruits are harvested per hectare. If young bushes were rooted in the autumn, then with the onset of spring they can give the first harvest. The universal purpose of the berries allows them to be used for commercial and other purposes:
During the breeding trials, the variety showed high resistance to many diseases and pests:
For prevention purposes, gardeners recommend spring treatment of strawberry beds with a weak solution of Bordeaux liquid, and in August, cut off adult leaves, leaving only the core. This measure allows you to avoid fungal and viral diseases without additional treatments.
Strawberries prefer sunny, sheltered from the wind, flat, raised, or slightly sloping areas. Festivalnaya tolerates partial shade. The culture is undemanding to soils. Ideal for:
It is better to plant garden strawberries in the spring when the weather is warm. In the south, planting begins in early autumn. There, in spring, the plant will most likely not have time to root before the temperature gets too high. This is important for Festivalnaya, which does not react well to drought and extreme heat.
In the description of the variety, it is indicated that the peduncles are hiding under the leaves, at best, they are on the same level with them. This can be seen in the photo. Therefore, the bushes of Festivalnaya should be located far enough from each other, they are placed in a checkerboard pattern at a distance of 60 cm from each other and in rows. Then you don't have to think about a transplant for about 5 years. Then the berry will begin to shrink, and if the daughter rosettes are not rooted, the variety may degenerate.
If it is assumed that the care of strawberries will not be particularly thorough, they are planted with the carpet method. Shallow furrows are made at a distance of 50 cm from each other, bushes are placed, keeping a distance of 60 cm.
With a carpet planting, Festivalnaya will quickly master the entire garden. She can grow in one place for 3-4 years.
The planting process includes the following steps:
Important! If the growth point (heart) is deepened, the strawberry will disappear. If the planting is too high in winter, the bush will “crawl out” from the ground under the influence of negative temperatures, the plant will die.
Agrotechnology of strawberries Fireworks has no peculiarities: both planting and care of it are carried out according to traditional technology. A big plus is that even in the fourth year of the life of the bushes, their productivity hardly decreases, but due to accumulating diseases and depletion of the soil, it has to be replanted. This can be done by dividing the bush, and with the help of a mustache. If this variety is absent on the site, the seedlings should be bought in containers: their survival rate is absolute. Strawberries are planted either in early May or late August.
The best strawberry seedlings are potted
For strawberries of this variety, any placement options are used, but at least 30 cm is left between the bushes. Despite the drought resistance of the variety, it is not recommended to overdry the soil: watering before the berries ripen should be sufficient so that the soil is always moderately moist. With the onset of reddening of the berries, watering can almost be stopped. Loosening of the soil, weed control and top dressing are carried out as for any other varieties.
The Fireworks variety is considered cold-resistant, but with the approach of real frosts, it is necessary to take measures for snow retention by scattering various branches around the garden bed or, better, immediately spreading out coniferous spruce branches. Snow in a layer of 20–25 cm is sufficient for a good overwintering of this strawberry.