Apricot, which is often called the Armenian apple, according to scientists, could first appear in the Chinese province of Tien Shan, although there are other versions. This beautiful deciduous tree, whose height can be from 5 to 8 meters, is quite thermophilic. Although its cultivation in the areas of central Russia is fraught with many difficulties, there are certain varieties that are perfect for this type of terrain.
Back in the 19th century, the famous scientist IV Michurin began work on the creation of frost-resistant hybrids of apricot varieties that could quickly and well acclimatize in central Russia. One of the best varieties, which many gardeners have long been able to appreciate at its true worth, is the Northern Triumph fruit tree. This apricot, which can be grown today in central Russia, is a tree with a luxurious crown.
With proper care, this variety can feel good in almost any weather without any problems, not excluding severe frosts, it is also not afraid of all kinds of diseases or pests. This apricot variety is self-pollinated, so it can be planted separately from other species. An adult plant begins to bear fruit in three years, their amount can be about 60 kg from each apricot. Ripening with proper care falls from mid-July to mid-August. The large fruit of this type of tree can reach a weight of about 55 g and have a pleasant yellow-orange color.
Another variety that is well suited for central Russia is the fruit tree Alyosha. Such an apricot, subject to proper planting and normal care, can grow up to four meters, it is characterized by the presence of a huge round crown. Its fruits are not too large, their weight is about 20 grams. On apricots of a rich yellow color, you can see a small fluff, they are slightly flattened. On the surface of the fruit, the presence of dots and reflections characteristic of this variety is noted.
A fruit tree of this type, which is great for planting today in central Russia, is able to delight its owner with a large harvest and tolerate winter frosts normally. The fruits have the property of being well preserved for a long time. Alyosha apricots are distinguished by their exquisite sweet and sour taste. When caring for a garden in which the cultivation of this type of plants is carried out, no special agricultural technology is needed. The main condition is collection of fruits on time.
This one of the best varieties of apricot stands out among other fruit crops suitable for the middle belt for its high level of frost resistance. It is a rather small tree, reaching about 150 cm in length, which, with proper care, ripens in mid-August. At this time, about 10 kg of fruits can be harvested from each apricot, the weight of which reaches 18 g. They are distinguished by their characteristic cream-colored skin and crimson blush, have a dense center in consistency, have an average sugar content and a wonderful taste. With a good winter shelter, such a variety can be grown even in the northern regions and in the Urals.
The next variety that will feel good in the middle lane is an apricot with an interesting name Cup. This tree is very small, it can grow to a height of no more than one and a half meters. Its name comes from the characteristic cup-shaped crown. This is an excellent winter-hardy hybrid that does not need any special care, bears fruit annually and in large quantities. They weigh about 30 g and have beautiful creamy yellow skin and blush. The pulp of such fruits is characterized by a loose structure, has a delicate sweet taste.
This apricot variety was bred in 1986. Its height can be about three meters, and annual shoots are quite branched, flowers are also large in size. Such trees have characteristic large oval-shaped fruits, the weight of which can be up to 22 grams, yellow-orange color, thin skin, the presence of dots on the surface is permissible. The bone is easily separated from the core. Sugars are present in fruits about 8, 7%, and in 100 grams. fruit contains 360 mg. potassium. Grafted plants, with proper care, begin to bear fruit no earlier than three years later. The harvest time falls at the beginning of August. Such fruit trees are distinguished by a high degree of frost resistance. Iceberg apricots are stored well enough; it is customary to use them both fresh and as compotes, jam, for preservation.
Another variety that can be grown on your site in the middle zone of the country is Aquarius. It is a seedling of the Lel variety obtained from free pollination. L. A. Kramarenko was singled out, and the institution is the originator of the Main Botanical Garden. Aquarius is a tall, up to 6 meters long, well-developed tree with medium-sized flowers and low-branched annual shoots. The fruits are round in shape with a characteristic seam and weigh about 30 g.
They are not as shiny as the Lel variety, they have a beautiful yellow color, and a slight blush can be seen on the surface. The pulp is of medium density and delicate texture.
The taste of apricots Aquarius is pleasant, sweet and sour, expert tasting score - 4.5 points.
The chemical composition of the fruit is as follows - dry matter in them is 14.2%, sugars - 7.6%, titratable acids - 2, 7%, potassium - 345 mg per 100 g. The stone is well separated from the pulp. Ripening periods are average - approximately in the second decade of August. Begins to bear fruit three years after the plants have been grafted, has a regular yield. Differs in good frost resistance.
It is a seedling of 3 generations from free pollination, isolated in 1996 by L. Kramarenko. In 2004 he was entered into the State Register for the Central District. It is a tree with a spreading crown, which has medium-sized flowers and moderately branched annual shoots. Fruits appear on all types of shoots. The fruits are oval in shape, slightly flattened on the sides, their weight can be up to 40 g, the skin has a lemon-yellow tint with a slight blush. The skin has a slight edge, rather rough.
The pulp is very juicy, pleasant orange color, medium consistency. The fruits received a tasting expert assessment of 3, 5 points. They have a large bone, which is almost completely separated from the pulp. The chemical composition of the fruits is as follows - dry matter about 16.9%, sugars - 8.1%, titratable acids - 2.0%, potassium - 420 mg per 100 g. cool - for the second half or the end of the month. The yield of the variety is quite high. Differs in good resistance to cold and frost. Special care for this type of plant is not required.
This variety of apricot tree was obtained thanks to the efforts of specialists of the Main Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy of Sciences A.K. Skovrtsov and L. This variety was obtained, among others, adapted to the weather conditions of the middle zone of the country. Trees can grow up to 4 meters in height, large flowers appear on them, and annual shoots have an average degree of branching. It ripens early - this time falls on the end of July - beginning of August.
The fruits of the Tsar's apricots have a very high degree of frost resistance - practice has shown that such a plant is able to withstand temperatures up to 40 degrees below zero. Possesses increased productivity and tasty fruits. Apricots of this type can be planted both in autumn and spring. The fruits reach 22 g, they are characterized by the presence of a thick yellow skin, a slight blush can be seen on the surface. The pulp of such fruits is juicy and sweet and sour; during tasting, they received a high rating of 4.5 points. They have the following chemical composition - 16.1% dry matter, 7.9% sugars, 1.6% titratable acids, 315 mg of potassium in every 100 g of fruit. The keeping quality of the variety is good. The yield can be called average, but stable.
On how to choose the right apricot seedling, the agronomist of the NGO Sady Rossii tells on the recording.
Almost every gardener grows fruit trees in his garden. Apricots are especially appreciated. These fruits make excellent jams, and when fresh they compete even with exotic fruits. Therefore, in this article, we will consider apricot varieties for central Russia with photos and descriptions so that you can choose the best option for planting.
Apricots love the sun, so it is quite difficult to grow them in the Moscow region, central Russia and Siberia.
The culture has a very long growing season, 90-180 days pass from germination to ripening, therefore, in our country, pepper is grown only by seedlings. Optimal timing of sowing seeds:
Sowing timing calculations also depend on the ripening period of a particular variety. Detailed information is given on the package, especially if zoned varieties are purchased. One more point should be taken into account - the seeds of the culture sprout for a long time (from 5 to 15 days). To speed up the process, you can germinate them in growth stimulants (special or prepared according to folk recipes).
When can peppers be planted:
Before planting in a permanent place, the seedlings must be prepared for new conditions. When growing crops in the middle lane, this is a prerequisite! Hardening begins 2 weeks before the scheduled planting date. Watering is carried out less often and gradually reduces the amount of water. The room temperature is gradually reduced to 15-16 degrees. On the last day before planting, the seedlings are taken out to a permanent place for a day. On the street, the bushes need to be shaded a little, saved from the scorching rays of the sun.
When growing pepper in central Russia, it is very important to correctly determine the timing of sowing seeds. If the crop does not have time to yield the crop late, and if sowed too early, the seedlings will be weak and painful. If there is a risk of a significant drop in night temperatures, a shelter should be erected for peppers grown outdoors.
In central Russia with a temperate climate, the best indicators of survival and yield in varieties:
My two Northern Triumphs did not freeze, but got out - I opened late in their first spring with fear. And wrapped them up too well. As far as I read about them, they are afraid not so much of frost as of damping out during thaws. Therefore, it is necessary to cover them when the cold is established (on the frozen ground) and try to cover them with polyethylene from above, but not tightly so that there are airflows from below.
My friend is also obsessed with apricot. He tries to grow at his dacha in the Pskov region, buys it every year. But for 5 years, and everything is unsuccessful, they are dying. :( But she is given hope by the fact that in St. Petersburg someone grows fruit-bearing apricots. ...
For five years he planted apricot trees, but the result is constantly deplorable, because the soil is sandy loam at the dacha and it was not always possible to water it on time. On the advice of an interesting person, I SOWED the bones in the place where the tree should grow in the future. The seeds sprouted, and young trees grew well, after a year I planted them and now I have strong growing trees, without fertilizing and chemical treatments. By the way, they have borne fruit on three-year vaccinations.
You can think about mulching trees in the spring, after the first warming up of the soil. It looks like you can get away from the frost a little. The main thing is not to overdo it, not to cover it too early.
In me, in the south of the Moscow region (Chekhov), in different years, apricot varieties were planted with annual seedlings: Alyosha (2pcs), Iceberg and Favorite. Alyosha-1 did not wake up after the second wintering Alyosha-2, oddly enough, woke up after the second wintering and began to unfold the leaves, but then it dried up anyway. The favorite has grown into a luxurious tree, the growth was especially rapid in the summer of 2010 and this summer, 120–150 cm on average. The tree was in full bloom in the spring, but in the summer only one fruit ripened (tasty :)), and in early September, a strong wind broke it almost at the very ground, leaving a stump of 20-30 centimeters. Upon closer inspection, the wood in the center of the trunk was noticeably frozen. The iceberg is alive, it was all in bloom in the spring, but no fruit was set. Such is the sad story about apricots in the Moscow region.
There are many varieties of apricot that can grow and bear fruit in the middle lane, although there are no more than a dozen of them in the State Register of the Russian Federation. When choosing a variety, one must look at its winter hardiness, self-fertility and fruit quality. Planting a tree is not difficult, but it is worth considering the relief: apricots are often planted on specially equipped mounds.
If you are interested in yellow tomatoes, you can check out the following options.
This is a mid-season tomato as it is harvested on days 110-122. The height of the bush is 1.2-1.8 m, the variety is indeterminate. The vegetables are bright yellow, they have a round shape. Suitable for indoor cultivation. Needs pinching and garter. Vegetables are distinguished by their sweet taste and aroma. Cracking resistance is available.
This is a tall plant, from which the collection of fruits occurs on days 110-115. In the middle lane, grow Altai orange in a greenhouse. Since the plant is tall, it must be tied up and pinned. The vegetables are large, flat-round in shape, they have tender and fleshy flesh.
This is a mid-season, indeterminate variety with yellow tomatoes. When growing, a Barrel of Honey requires pinning and a garter. Tomatoes weigh 400 g, they have a flat-round shape, the taste is sweet and aromatic.
The process of proper cultivation consists of three main components: watering, feeding and pruning the tree. Despite the fact that apricot is a drought-resistant crop, it requires water for good growth and fruiting. Watering should be frequent, but not too abundant. It must be carried out either early in the morning or late in the evening.
Fertilizers are applied to the soil. The first time this is done when planting a seedling. Starting from the second year, complex mineral fertilizers are recommended to be applied in autumn and early spring.Organic wood is also useful, it is added as needed, but at least once every 3-4 years.
For apricots, a sparse-tiered crown pattern is recommended. For this, 5-6 skeletal branches are left. Avoid growing from one location on the trunk. In apricot, fruits develop on one-year-old shoots, the highest yield is on continuation branches. Therefore, in the spring, it is necessary to shorten them in half in order to stimulate the development of flower buds on the remaining part. A rejuvenating haircut is carried out after fruiting is completed. In relation to mature trees, strong pruning should not be used.
An apricot in central Russia can be grown provided that the variety is correctly selected and there is time to take care of the tree. Therefore, before bringing this southern visitor to your garden, you need to weigh the pros and cons.