Cucumbers are native to tropical countries that gradually spread throughout the world. Such plants require special attention. They need plenty of fluids to grow well. Watering cucumbers is a very important process.
Also, proper care of seedling seedlings is important, regardless of whether the seeds were planted at home on the windowsill or directly into the open ground.
These plants grow both in greenhouses and outdoors. Each type of growth requires its own watering regime - in the morning or in the evening, the same applies to the frequency.
To get a rich harvest, you need to provide a good water regime for these plants. While the cucumbers are blooming, they need to be watered every 2-3 days... As soon as the first ovary appears on them and the fruiting period begins, they need to be watered every other day.
Every plant should be spud... Furrows should be dug along the ridges. They will serve for watering. Watering under the stem is impossible, so as not to blur the roots. Bare roots can dry out or get an infection that will kill the plant. If the roots are all visible from the ground, they must be covered with earth.
You cannot water cucumbers with cold water.
The optimum temperature should be 20-22 degrees... The plant requires watering when the soil in the greenhouse is dry. However, it is worth considering the weather conditions. If it is cloudy outside and rain is gathering, it is better to transfer watering to prevent waterlogging of the soil. This can lead to rotting of the root system.
During the flowering period of plants, you need about 4-5 liters one square meter. As soon as the cucumbers begin to bear fruit, the amount of water should be increased. up to 8-9 liters.
For a good harvest outdoors, certain conditions are also needed. In no case should you water the plants with cold water, this greatly inhibits the root system, which is why the cucumbers will not be able to eat normally.
It is better to water them in the second half to reduce the evaporation of moisture from the water. The frequency depends on the weather... If it is going to rain, he will water them anyway. Also, the older the plant, the more moisture it needs. It must be remembered that the plant also consumes moisture from the deep layers of the soil.
The condition of the soil changes with such procedures. With bright sun and frequent watering, some changes may occur in the soil:
Such watering can be applied both in the greenhouse and in the open field.
Drip irrigation delivers moisture directly to the plant's roots. It is necessary to carry out such a procedure 2-3 hours after sunrise.
Irrigation is also not recommended after sunset. The water for irrigation should have time to warm up so as not to damage the roots with cold water.
Drip irrigation is carried out in two ways:
Plumbing... The system operates under pressure, which occurs through a central pipeline. In order to avoid malfunctions, you need to install a pressure regulator. It is not used outdoors.
By gravity... This method is ideal for outdoor use. It can also be used in a greenhouse. First you need to find a suitable container that will hold a volume of water sufficient for all ridges with plants.
A barrel with a built-in tap is ideal.
You need a barrel hang by 1.5 - 2 meters... One hose with a small hole should be diverted to one bed.
Such an irrigation system can be bought ready-made with drip tapes already installed in it for the required number of beds. In order to start watering, it will be enough just to turn on the tap. It is important that the tap is 10-15 cm above the bottom of the containerso that debris from the water does not get into the hoses and do not clog them.
This method can be used in greenhouses and outdoors.
There are several ways to make such a system:
Watering for cucumbers is the most important procedure. Since it consists of almost 70% water, the water regime must be sufficient. Thanks to good watering, the plant produces juicy and sweet fruits.
Cucumbers are very fond of water. However, it is not worth overfilling them and allowing water to stagnate. The root system of the plant has a special structure and needs constant moisture. If the cucumbers feel a lack of moisture, this can provoke darkening and fragility of the leaves. If there is too much water, this will lead to a decrease in the amount of oxygen in the soil. As a result, the leaves will become pale, the lashes will slow down growth and greens will appear.
Changes in the amount of moisture and significant temperature fluctuations cause the bitterness of the fruit. It is necessary to monitor the moisture content of the soil, especially in the heat. It must be at least 80%. When the moisture index drops to 30%, the culture will begin to wilt.
Very often, gardeners, arriving at the dacha, start pouring water over the cucumbers. Summer residents know that the plant loves water very much, but they have no idea how much water it needs. Their excessive care leads to rotting of the roots and a decrease in crop yields.
How often to water cucumbers outdoors? In the summer, moisturizing should be done at least twice a week. In extreme heat conditions, the event should be held every two days. After the young plants are planted in the ground in the spring, they should be moistened weekly. If the soil on the site is clayey, the cucumbers should be watered less often, but with plenty of water. This is due to the ability of clay to retain moisture.
Irrigation water must be warm, amounting to + 20 ... 25 ° C. Water can be heated in any way, the main thing is that there is no excess of salts, fluorine, chlorine, sodium in it. Well water just right to make softer with wood ash (5 tsp per 10 l).
It is undesirable to water the cucumbers with a strong pressure of water from a hose, as the soil will erode and the roots will be exposed, which will damage the flowers, leaves and the root system. For safe watering, you need to attach a nozzle to the end of the hose, which will spray a stream of water. Abundant watering in sunny weather should be alternated with watering from a watering can or other dispersing devices.
For watering, you should use soft water heated during the day from a barrel with a temperature of at least +20 C. Watering should not be directly under the root, but around the central stem (you can build special grooves-ditches for this), so as not to provoke the development of various diseases associated with waterlogging.
We water in the evening to ensure that we avoid sunburn caused by the focusing of the sunlight by the water droplets (magnifying glass effect). For the same reason, many gardeners I know perform watering in the morning hours - long before the maximum activity of the sun.
You need to water from a watering can with a spray. It is undesirable to use a hose for irrigation or to water from a bucket - a large pressure of water can expose the root system, which will negatively affect the overall yield and quality of the fruit. When the roots are exposed, immediately carry out hilling or quickly add a layer of fertile soil on top.
© Ilya Vladimirovich | 2017-06-13
When planting seedlings of cucumbers in open beds, it must be watered abundantly 3-4 hours before transplanting. Then they are carefully removed from the box along with an earthen lump and placed in pre-prepared holes. After planting in the ground, the seedlings must be watered immediately. When the cucumber seedlings are just planted, about 2 liters of water per square meter should be consumed. meter.
For sowing cucumber seeds, you need to prepare the soil, you should not forget to add mineral fertilizing and ash, dig up and level the land. Then you need to water the beds, it is better to use hot water and a weak solution of potassium permanganate. This will disinfect the soil. It is better to plant cucumber seeds at a depth of 2 cm, at a distance of at least 45 cm.
Whether it is worth watering the land immediately after the cucumber seeds have been sown is a moot point. But many vegetable growers believe that watering the cucumbers after planting is not worth it, since the soil was originally watered. Oxygen will be forced out of the ground and seeds will germinate slowly. In addition, repeated watering promotes crust formation.
Since cucumbers love moisture, you need to monitor it evenly. After the appearance of the first shoots, watering with warm water is carried out as the soil dries. Young sprouts need 2.5 liters of water per square meter. meter. As the greenery grows, the amount increases to 6.5 liters.
After planting, watering the cucumbers should be done according to the rules, taking into account the age and stage of development. The watering rate for cucumbers is calculated according to the same criteria.
Do not allow moisture to enter the green part of the plant, this increases the risk of rotting. It is necessary to pour water strictly at the root, trying not to erode the ground, not exposing the root system and the base of the stem.
It is better to water the plants in the evenings, after 18-19 hours local time. At this time, plants are most susceptible to watering, and there is no longer a strong heat. The water has time to soak into the ground until morning, and the dew drops dry out without causing burns on the leaves. It is not recommended to water cucumbers in the morning and in the afternoon, because in this case the water evaporates quickly, not having time to reach the roots, and condensation forms on the film at night, which leads to the development of various diseases.
Cucumber is a crop picky about moisture, therefore, when growing a plant in a greenhouse, it is important to correctly water it. And in order to deal with all the nuances of the procedure, you need to study this very important agrotechnical moment.
Cucumbers do not like either a lack of moisture or an excess of it, therefore, in order for the culture to feel good and produce tasty and juicy fruits, it is necessary to maintain an average soil moisture. It is worth noting that frequent waterlogging of the soil leads to deformation of the fruits (they become pear-shaped or hook-shaped), the death of shoots, rotting of the stems, the risk of infection with fungal diseases increases significantly.
It is important to water the cucumbers at the same time, while maintaining a reasonable dosage. Too strong fluctuations in moisture in the soil should not be allowed, as this depresses the root system, which leads to drying out of plants, dropping of ovaries by culture and other things. From the above, we can conclude that it is unacceptable to water cucumbers whenever you want, it is important to make sure that the culture really needs it. And for this it is enough to inspect the leaves of the cucumbers, to analyze the condition of the soil around the seedlings.
As for the watering time.
Naturally, you cannot water the plants during the day, especially in sunny weather, since the water droplets remaining on the leaves during the activity of the sun can leave burns. From this, the conclusion suggests itself that it is better to carry out the procedure either early in the morning or in the evening. However, if you hesitate between choosing the “right” time, then give preference to the option “evening”. It is known that cucumbers rest during the day, but after sunset, at night, they actively grow, and it is in the dark that they need moisture and nutrients. Also, do not forget to leave the greenhouse doors open for 5-7 hours after watering, so that excess moisture can evaporate. This will save the plants from many fungal diseases.
Watering seedlings at home on the windowsill.
If the seedlings are constantly illuminated by lamps, then the soil dries out faster. And also because the seed containers are small and the soil loses moisture faster. Therefore, watering is necessary twice a day. If you are using drip irrigation, then you need to water it daily.
The watering rate in any case depends on the age of the seedlings. You need to visually inspect the seedlings to prevent the soil from drying out.
I would be glad if something from this article is useful to you.