Characteristics and description of yellow watermelons


It is difficult to surprise someone with the species diversity of watermelons. What colors and shapes have not been bred by breeders for many years of work! But recently, berries with yellow flesh began to appear on store shelves. The people immediately rushed to taste them and already managed to note that there are some exotic notes in the taste. This is despite the fact that yellow watermelon is not genetically modified, it is bred in a completely natural way.

Description and characteristics of yellow watermelons

At first glance, a berry with yellow flesh is almost impossible to identify. Indeed, in general, it looks the same as an ordinary watermelon. But when cutting, all the differences become apparent. This miracle comes from Thailand. It was there that local breeders, through numerous experiments, obtained an amazing variety, which turned out to be very original in taste and color.

A common watermelon was crossed with a wild one, resulting in unusual varieties. In this case, no gene mutations were made, all experiments were carried out exclusively by standard methods.

The yellow color of the pulp is due to the fact that it contains a lot of carotenoids. There are very few seeds in these berries, the taste is very rich. The pulp contains many different microelements:

  • cellulose;
  • calcium;
  • ascorbic acid;
  • iron.

There are very few calories in the pulp: only 38 per 100 grams of product. For diet food, this is just a godsend.

In our country, the most common variety of this type is Lunny. It can be grown both in greenhouses and outdoors. The pulp has a pleasant lemon and melon flavor. The fruits are large, their weight is about five kilograms. Ripeness can be easily determined by the condition of the skin:

  • in an overripe fruit, dents remain on the skin after pressing;
  • it is almost impossible to scratch the skin of unripe watermelons.

In addition to excellent taste, the watermelon is also very early. The crop can be obtained 60-70 days after germination.

Features of watermelon with yellow flesh

Often, yellow watermelons are much smaller than their red counterparts. Only a few individual varieties are capable of reaching a weight of 10 kg. The rind of exotic berries is thinner, but it is firm and not suitable for the production of candied fruits or making jam.

Yellow watermelon, grown in our country and in our homeland, differs in taste. In our country, it is inferior in sugar content to red, but in distant Thailand it is distinguished by its honey taste and sugar content. Depending on the variety, watermelon can also have characteristic flavors: mango, lemon, pumpkin, etc.

Not so long ago, there was an opinion that such watermelons are not suitable for our climatic conditions. They can only be grown in tropical conditions. Only practice has proven the opposite. Now unusual berries are grown not only in greenhouses, but also in the open field, getting an excellent harvest. Many different varieties and hybrids have been bred, which differ from each other primarily in taste and weight of the fruit.

Many a natural question arose: to whom does this watermelon owe its pulp color? Everything is very simple. As mentioned above, yellow watermelon is a cross between a cultivated and a wild plant. So, wild relatives have just yellow flesh, and because of mixing with red, a rich shade turned out.

Advantages and disadvantages

summer residents are already beginning to take an interest in yellow watermelons and are slowly trying to grow them on their backyard plots. The same can be said for melon farmers. Naturally, they have already managed to highlight certain advantages and disadvantages of these berries. The advantages include:

  • rich pleasant aroma;
  • unpretentious care;
  • early maturity;
  • small size of berries;
  • good taste;
  • very unusual cross-sectional appearance.

There are practically no drawbacks. If only to note that some lovers note the lack of sweetness of the fruit. Also, buyers of finished goods complain about the high cost of yellow watermelons, even at the height of the season.

The benefits and harms of berries with yellow pulp

Can everyone eat watermelons with yellow flesh and how do they affect the human body? I must say that in this regard, they do not differ significantly from their red counterparts. It is worth noting that their pulp contains a lot of vitamins E, C, B9. Such berries are useful mainly due to the fact that they help to strengthen the immune system and increase the natural protective functions of the body.

Yellow watermelon contains a high content of vitamins A, C, as well as trace elements such as calcium and iron, magnesium, lycopene, etc. All of them are very necessary for our body.

Despite the tremendous benefits that yellow watermelons bring to humans, they are not recommended for everyone. You should not be zealous in this regard for those people who have kidney disease or diabetes.

You should not completely abandon eating delicacies, but it is simply necessary to limit yourself, because the sugar contained in the pulp can exacerbate the disease.

Cooking use

Many people still believe that watermelons are only suitable for fresh consumption. This opinion has long become erroneous, because chefs have invented a lot of dishes in which yellow watermelon is also successfully used. In this regard, it also differs little from red and has found its place not only in the production of juices and desserts.

The berry can be used for making ice cream, salads, decorating dishes and baking, making jam.

Diseases and pests

Modern hybrid varieties of watermelons are quite resistant to major diseases and are less susceptible to pest infestation. But some troubles can still happen. The main ones are:

  • melon rot;
  • aphid;
  • mosaic;
  • powdery mildew;
  • gray rot, etc.

Gourds are often affected by wireworms, spider mites, thrips and other pests.

To reduce the risk of plant damage, they must be weeded in a timely manner, loosened the ground. One of the measures of prevention and treatment is fungicide treatment.

Every day you need to inspect the plantings and remove damaged parts of the plants. If necessary, disinfect the soil.

Yellow watermelons immediately attract the attention of exotic lovers. In addition to the unusual appearance of the cut berry, it also has an original taste. Those who have their own garden plot can try to grow this miracle on their own and not overpay when buying finished products in the store. You will delight yourself not only with a beautiful and tasty berry, but also give your body a supply of vitamins and minerals.


Watermelon Ataman gained popularity among gardeners due to its high taste, large size of fruits and early ripening. The pulp of ripe berries contains many useful elements - vitamins B, C and PP, folic acid and organic acids.

Important! The calorie content of the fruit is only 27 kcal per 100 g, so they can be included in the diet even during a diet.

The main characteristics of Ataman watermelon are listed below:

  • The variety belongs to the early maturing. The fruits ripen 40–45 days after planting the watermelon seedlings and just 65 days after sowing the seeds directly into the open soil.
  • The bush is large and has a fast growth rate.
  • On each plant, up to five oval, striped, elongated berries are formed.
  • The mass of one watermelon is 12-16 kg. Outside, it is covered with a smooth and firm dark green skin with light stripes.
  • The flesh of the fruit is colored in a rich bright red and has a granular structure. It is juicy and sweet due to the presence of 7% sugar in its composition.
  • With proper plant care, about 2.2 kg of fruit can be harvested from 1 m².
  • The variety has a strong immunity to fusarium and anthracnose, and the fruits tolerate transportation well and are well stored.

    Some gardeners grow on their plots a Dutch hybrid of this variety - Ataman f1 watermelons. It differs from the Ataman variety in its more resistant immunity to diseases, the same plant sizes, as well as the amicable ripening of one-dimensional and sweet fruits. An adult can consume up to 2 kg of watermelon pulp per day, and no more than 100 g for children under 3 years old.

    We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the features of growing different varieties of watermelons:

    Evolution of watermelon: unprecedented hybrids or wild species?

    Watermelon of the Ataman variety is unpretentious in cultivation and does not require specific care. To maintain the required temperature and comfortable air humidity in the greenhouse, it is recommended to carry out ventilation. In order for young shoots to grow and develop well, you need to periodically remove weeds in the beds and loosen the soil around the plants. An adult bush has a branched root system that is located close to the surface of the soil, so it is easy to accidentally damage it during loosening. The main components of proper crop care are watering and timely feeding.
    The loosening procedure is carried out 1-2 days after watering, but only during the period of active growth of the lashes

    Watering and fertilizing rates

    In order for the Ataman watermelon to successfully build up its green mass, and its fruits are large and sweet, it is necessary to provide the plant with a sufficient amount of water and nutrients. Proper watering is the most important on the list of bush care measures, and fertilization makes the berries sugary and helps to increase crop yields.

    Important! When growing watermelons Ataman in a greenhouse, you need to run the bees inside the premises to pollinate the melon crop or independently carry out this procedure manually.

    The basic rules for watering are listed below:

    • Watermelon Ataman is watered once a week, consuming about 30 liters of water per 1 m², and during a period of intense heat or the beginning of flowering, plants are irrigated every 3-4 days
    • you need to water the bushes at the root so that water does not get on the leaves - this can cause sunburn on them
    • only warm water can be used to irrigate watermelon - the roots of the plant are sensitive to cold water, which can cause disease of the bush
    • it is impossible to overmoisten the soil in the garden, and in the season of prolonged rains, the bushes need to be covered with a film - an excess amount of water can cause root rot
    • watering is stopped 10-14 days before the planned harvest - this will give the watermelon pulp a sweet taste and fine-grained structure.

    When applying fertilizers to the beds with watermelons, Ataman adhere to the following rules:

    • in mid-June, the bushes are watered with a solution of ammonium nitrate (20 g per 10 liters of water) - about 2 liters of the resulting liquid fertilizer are needed per plant. You can replace saltpeter with chicken droppings or mullein, diluting them with water in a ratio of 1:20 and 1:10, respectively
    • before flowering, ammonium nitrate and calcium chloride (4 g each), as well as 6 g of superphosphate are added under each plant
    • 14 days after the completion of flowering, the bushes are fed again with ready-made phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, diluting them with water according to the instructions on the package
    • before and after feeding with dry fertilizers, it is imperative to water the watermelons with water
    • after the ripening of the berries has begun, no top dressing is applied.

    Video: feeding watermelons

    Pest and disease control

    In the process of improper care, high humidity, as well as when the air temperature drops, the Ataman watermelon can be affected by diseases or be attacked by pests. It is easiest to eliminate the problems that have arisen at the initial stage, so every gardener should know the first signs of plant damage and methods of treatment.

    We advise you to find out why the watermelon is bitter.

    The list of the main diseases and pests of this crop is presented below:

  • Powdery mildew. The causative agent of the disease is fungal spores in the upper layers of the soil. The first sign of infection is a powdery white coating on the leaves, which further causes the entire green mass of the bush to dry out. At the same time, the fruit ovaries are deformed and fall off, and the formed berries become tasteless and rot. To cure the bush, use fungicides (for example, "Skor", "Fundazol").
  • Root rot. The disease affects the underground part of the plant, so it can be difficult to detect it. At the same time, the bush begins to lag behind in growth, its leaves and stems look sluggish, and the base of the stem becomes brown and loses its elasticity. At the initial stage, the plant can be cured by adjusting the watering regime and treating the roots with a solution of 500 ml of water, 8 g of copper sulfate and 20 g of ash.
  • Bacterial spotting. This disease is especially dangerous, since it cannot be cured, and the affected bush must be destroyed. A sign of infection is the appearance of watery patches on the leaves of the watermelon. The edges of these spots are colored yellow-green and gradually grow, affecting the entire surface of the leaf. As a result, the green mass of the plant turns black and dies, and black growths of a round shape are formed on the berries.
  • Wireworm. The pest has the appearance of small brown or reddish larvae, which gnaw at young watermelon sprouts and formed fruits. Through holes left on the berries lead to rotting of the crop and make it unsuitable for storage and transportation. Traps are set against the wireworm in the form of glass jars dug into the ground with pieces of root vegetables. Traps are periodically replaced, destroying the caterpillars that hit them. In case of severe damage, special preparations are used to destroy the pest (for example, "Zemlin", "Diazorin").
  • Melon aphid. This insect settles on the underside of the leaf and stems of the watermelon and feeds on the juices of the plant. At the same time, the green mass of the bush is covered with a sticky bloom, which eventually turns black and leads to wilting of the leaves. Aphids can be fought with a mixture of tobacco dust and wood ash, spraying it on the leaves of the watermelon and the soil. In case of severe pest infestation, insecticides are used (for example, "Fufanon").

    To prevent the appearance of diseases and pests, it is enough to carry out simple preventive measures:

    • plant watermelons in well-lit areas protected from cold drafts
    • adhere to the recommended planting scheme to eliminate excessive thickening of crops
    • water properly
    • adhere to the fertilization schedule to increase the immunity of melons
    • regularly remove weeds and take them out of the site so that they do not attract pests
    • loosen the soil around young plants to destroy insect larvae and fungal spores.


    How to prepare seeds for planting?

    Regardless of where the seeds are planted (seedlings or open ground), they need to be processed, otherwise they will germinate for a long time. The most basic method is to soak them in water for a few days to allow them to germinate. For this, the seeds are laid out on a wet cotton cloth. Then the seeds are wrapped and left for several days. Before planting, they need to be soaked in potassium permanganate overnight, rinsed in the morning.

    When planting in the middle or northern lane, you also need to harden them for several days at a temperature of 0 degrees (you can use a refrigerator).

    In order to get a harvest as early as possible, it is worth planting not seeds, but ready-made seedlings in the ground, it takes root faster, starts growing. Seedlings are prepared in the usual way. Seeds are sown in peat cups, covered with foil, and placed in a warm place.After they hatch, they need to be opened and watered from time to time. 10 days before planting in the ground, the seedlings are hardened.


    Judging by the reviews, photos and high yield of the Yellow Giant tomatoes, the variety is quite popular. Claude Brown's Yellow Giant tomatoes, first developed in Kentucky, USA, have a number of advantages:

    • high-yielding
    • large-fruited
    • with long-term fruiting
    • delicious
    • It is believed that tomatoes with yellow flesh are less aggressive as a source of allergens, but contain more lycopene, and moreover, they are not as acidic as red fruits.

    • the need for pinching and tying tall bushes
    • low transportability
    • average susceptibility to pathogens of fungal and viral diseases.


    Main varieties and hybrids

    Today, gardeners are offered a wide selection of yellow berry varieties. About a dozen varieties were bred in the post-Soviet space. For example, Kavbuz was bred by Ukrainian breeders. However, this variety was not widespread, as it tasted like a pumpkin.

    Dutch varieties have a number of advantages and are successfully grown on black soil. A gift from the sun is a plant with an orange peel, but its pulp can be light, pumpkin-colored or even classic scarlet.

    The varieties of Russian origin also have their fans all over the world. Prince Hamlet is actively cultivated abroad today. The variety is often called pineapple because of the rich taste and color of the pulp. 2 months after planting the variety, you can feast on its ripe fruits.

    Watermelon with yellow juicy flesh Golden Grace forms 8-kg fruits with a rich color inside. A significant advantage of the variety is its resistance to cold weather. This variety, like many others, came from Holland and was warmly received by Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian summer residents.

    Popular among gardeners Lunar watermelon. This variety ripens early and has notes of mango on the palate. The culture is mid-season, ripens in 2.5 months. The lunar view endures cold weather. The fruits of the variety are rich in fructose and other nutrients.


    Summary

    In the Flower City on Kolokolchikov Street, Dunno lives with 16 short ones. He tried several times to learn something useful, but quickly gave up, because I wanted to get everything without any effort.

    Once Znayka offered to build a balloon and go on a journey. The kids liked the idea and soon everything was ready. The short ones went flying, but soon the air in the balloon began to cool down, the basket began to decline. Znayka ordered everyone to jump with a parachute and went first, after which Dunno stopped everything - they stopped falling due to weight loss.

    After a while, the balloon began to descend again, and the travelers crashed. Dunno caught on the basket and flew farther than the others. He was found first and carried to the house of Sineglazka. Waking up, he decides to brag and says that he invented the balloon himself.

    The rest of the kids were admitted to the hospital. They are not injured, only Pulka sprained his leg, but Medunitsa does not want to let them go. The comrades promise to confirm that Dunno is the inventor of the ball, if he pulls them out. Soon, Medunitsa agrees to write out the travelers in twos.

    Vintik and Shpuntik are the first to come out: They are asked to fix the car, but this requires tools. The brothers leave for Zmeyovka and learn the history of the "enmity" of the cities. Once the short men invited the girls to a holiday and showered them with snowballs, as they wanted to play. In addition, one of the inhabitants of the Serpentine, Carnation, constantly does nasty things in the Green City, but he also does nasty things to his comrades.

    The bagel brings the mechanics back and stays behind to help with the fruit harvest. The screwdriver begins to worry and goes after a friend, he is also attracted to the harvest. In Serpent, rumors are spreading that a dragon has settled in a neighboring city, devouring babies. Carnation decides to kill the monster and leaves. The little ones are already preparing for the big ball with might and main. Carnation helps to make gazebos and benches - it turns out that he lacked useful activity.

    The kids go back, in gratitude they are given fruit with them and invited to the ball. The last one, Pulka, is discharged from the hospital.

    Znayka comes, who has been looking for comrades for a long time. He tells everyone the truth about Dunno, the latter is so ashamed that he runs away and only comes to the ball. The short ones start taunting him, but the girls stand up.

    After the ball, the kids are going back to the Flower City. Sineglazka asks Dunno to write her a letter. He agrees, ashamed to say that he cannot write.

    Upon his return, Znayka arranges a water supply system, playgrounds and a bridge in the city. Dunno puts up with Gunka and also begins to defend the girls.

    The trilogy about the adventures of the cheerful little man Dunno has gained immense popularity among readers of all ages. Nosov created a utopian world inhabited by young people and told about their unusual adventures.


    Classification [edit | edit code]

    Varieties and varieties [edit | edit code]

    Within the framework of the species, two varieties are distinguished [3]:

    • Citrullus lanatus var. citroides (L. H. Bailey) Mansf. - Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa (Cape, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal) also known as melon tsamma
      • Citrullus vulgaris var. citroides L. H. Bailey
    • Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus - found only in cultural form
      • [syn. Citrullus aedulis Pangalo]
      • Citrullus lanatus var. caffer (Schrad.) Mansf.
      • [syn. Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. ex Eckl. & Zeyh. ]
      • [syn. Colocynthis citrullus (L.) Kuntze]
      • [syn. Cucurbita citrullus L.]

    Varieties [edit | edit code]

    Famous varieties of melon watermelons - astrakhan, or bykovsky (white), monastic (green with white stripes and red or gray seeds), Kamyshinsky (same color), Kherson, melitopol, mozdok, uryupinsky other. Some part of watermelons goes to salt, like cucumbers, and for cooking, by boiling and thickening juicy pulp, watermelon honey (nardek, bekmes). With the cultivation of watermelon in the garden or greenhouse, seeds are taken old (fresh ones give infertile, albeit strong plant growth) [ source not specified 747 days ] .

    Of the varieties, the earliest deserve attention - apple, Korean, blackout, raspberry cream other [ source not specified 747 days ] .

    Densuke [edit | edit code]

    Hokkaido cultivated a variety densuke, the fruits of which have an unusual black color of the crust. This is because the green background on the crust is so dark that it is difficult to visually distinguish it from the black stripes. About 10 thousand fruits of this variety are grown annually. Due to its unusual appearance and low production volume, this variety is the most expensive variety of watermelons in the world. In 2008, one of the first new harvest watermelons was auctioned for 650,000 Japanese yen (approximately US $ 6,300) [12], and the average price for densuke fruit is approximately 25,000 yen (US $ 250) per piece.

    Seedless Watermelon [edit | edit code]

    Seedless watermelons - varieties of common watermelon ( Citrullus lanatus ) without pits (seeds).

    Seedless watermelons are obtained by crossing diploid (2 sets of chromosomes) and tetraploid (4 sets of chromosomes) parental lines. As a result, triploid hybrids (having 3 sets of chromosomes) are obtained, which are not able to form normal seeds, but have all the useful qualities of a watermelon [ source not specified 747 days ] .

    Many seedless varieties of watermelon have been developed, including yellow-fleshed watermelons [ source not specified 747 days ] .

    Taxonomy [edit | edit code]

    View Common watermelon belongs to the genus Watermelon ( Citrullus ) tribes Benincaseae subfamilies Cucurbitoideae family Pumpkin ( Cucurbitaceae ) order Pumpkin ( Cucurbitales ).


  • Watch the video: DO YOU KNOW THERE ARE DIFFERENT COLORS AND VARIETIES OF WATERMELON


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