Varietal features of the Bogota variety, how to grow these delicious strawberries

Large size, aroma and sweetness without sugary are ideal qualities for strawberries. And if it begins to bear fruit, when most varieties are already giving up the last crushed fruits, then the attractiveness of this variety increases several times. All this about the strawberries Bogota. But you will have to pay for the valuable benefits with painstaking work throughout the summer cottage and garden season.

The history of Bogota strawberries in Russia

According to botanical characteristics, the berry, popularly called strawberries and Victoria, is a large-fruited garden strawberry. So Bogotá is included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements as strawberries. The variety was registered in 2002, it is recommended for cultivation in only two regions: in the North Caucasus and in the Far East. However, Bogota is grown throughout Russia, despite the fact that the berry loves black soil and does not tolerate drought.

Bogotá berries are large, in the form of a crest or truncated cone

According to various sources, the variety comes from Holland. According to information from the State Register, the originator and applicant for registration are budgetary organizations: the Center for Horticulture, Viticulture and Winemaking (Krasnodar) and the Research Institute of Mountain and Piedmont Horticulture (Nalchik). Information about the size of the berries is also contradictory: some sellers promise a weight of 100-150 g, and from a bush up to 3 kg, others declare the figures are more modest - 15 g each berry. The average weight of the fruit indicated in the State Register is 12.9 g, the yield per hectare is 127 centners. For comparison: this figure for the famous variety Elizabeth II is 350 c / ha.

One of the reasons for the contradictions is the desire of sellers to sell their goods faster and more expensive. But the experience of many gardeners proves that Bogotá reacts strongly to care, weather, composition and structure of the soil precisely by the size of the berries. Reviews about Bogota are different, because gardeners are engaged in cultivation in regions with different climatic and other conditions. But the opinions of the majority agree on one thing: the berries are sweet and aromatic, tastier than many varieties, including the same Elizabeth II.

Variety characteristics

The variety is late-ripening, the harvest ripens in July-August. The bush grows high - 20-30 cm, dense, but compact. The leaves are large, strongly wrinkled, wide and rounded, folded along the central veins at an angle. The petioles are thick and pubescent. The mustache is long and also thick, there are a lot of them. The berries are located at the level of the leaves, there are more than a dozen of them on one peduncle, and the peduncles themselves are so powerful that they are able to support the weight of the crop and not lean to the ground.

The bushes of Bogota are tall, dense, but compact, the flower stalks are powerful, able to withstand the weight of the entire crop

The berries are large, brick-red and glossy on the outside and white-pink, sugary on the inside. The shape of the fruit is different. On one bush, both conical with a truncated tip and fruits in the form of a rounded ridge can grow, as if two berries have grown together. The pulp is dense, so Bogotá does not gag or flow during transportation. The taste evokes only positive emotions. The pulp is fragrant, juicy, sweet with a pleasant sourness. The seeds on large berries are small, which makes the variety even more attractive. The assessment of the tasters is high - 4.8 points.

Bogotá berries can be medium to large, but they are invariably sweet and aromatic

In order for you to grow bushes with large berries, they need to pay a lot of attention. Bogotá needs good watering, annual feeding, disease and pest prevention. The variety is affected by spots and strawberry mites, but, according to many reviews, it does not suffer from fruit rot at all.

Landing features

Bogota gives a lot of mustache and for a long time, so the seedlings can be sold throughout the warm season. The variety is late-ripening, which means that with spring planting (in May-early June) there is a chance to get berries already this year. The bushes will have time to take root well before entering fruiting. In order for young strawberries to gain strength over the summer and winter safely, leave one peduncle in the bushes. You can even pluck out flowers and ovaries on these peduncles, leaving 3-4 of the largest ones. Thus, already in the year of purchase, you will be able to evaluate the harvest and save the strength of the bush for fruiting in the next season. If you plant strawberries in the second half of summer, closer to autumn, hurry up to do it a month before the onset of cold weather, so that the bushes take root well and get stronger.

Video: secrets of autumn planting of strawberries and strawberries

In the spring, planting material is often sold, which was stored all winter in refrigerators and basements. Such seedlings should not be planted in open ground before the onset of heat. Without temporary shelter, they will not survive the spring frost. They also need to be accustomed to the sun's rays gradually, like seedlings.

Prepare the land for planting strawberries in advance, at least 2 weeks in advance. The site must be sunny and windproof. In winter, the wind will blow off all the snow from such a place, and the strawberries will freeze. Bogotá loves black soil, that is, a land rich in humus, dark-colored. If yours is not like that, but you want to get a large and tasty berry, try to change the composition of the soil in the right direction. Before digging, scatter 2 buckets of humus or compost for each square meter of the garden bed, add another 1.5 tbsp. l. superphosphate and potassium sulfate. On acidic soils, add a glass of dolomite flour and wood ash. If the soil is not loose, clayey, add a bucket of peat or rotted sawdust to the same area.

Bogota bears fruit well on black soil, which can sometimes be found on sale

Instead of humus under strawberries, it is better to bring leafy soil. It can be recruited in the forest, under the trees. It is enough to pick up the top 10-15 cm. By the way, in some countries it is forbidden to take anything out of the forest. While we have no prohibitions, we need to use the gifts of nature, but carefully.

Planting scheme: leave between seedlings 30 cm in a row and 70-80 cm between rows, another option - 60x60 cm. But before planting, pay attention to one important nuance. Bogotá gives a lot of mustaches and must be removed regularly. Experts say that the mustache takes up up to 30% of the harvest! In addition, if the mustache is not cut off, the bed with your varietal and expensive strawberries will quickly overgrow, turn into a solid carpet of young rosettes. Berries are crushed due to crowdedness, poor lighting and lack of nutrition. The garden bed for this variety must be covered with black film or other covering material before planting. Moreover, its main purpose is to prevent the mustache from taking root. But even when covering the soil, you need to regularly remove the mustache so that it does not take away strength from the bushes. It's just that in this case it will not be so critical if you missed some mustache - cut it off another time. Antennae for reproduction, engraft in cups, so it will be easier to transplant them.

Another important detail is that Bogota needs regular watering. If water is supplied to the site, then already at the planting stage, take care of the construction of drip irrigation. Place it under a waterproof cover material. When using a material that is permeable to water, drip tapes can also be installed on top, but note that not all of them are resistant to UV and chemical compounds.

Video: drip irrigation + covering material

Technique for planting Bogota over the covering material:

  1. Apply fertilizer, dig up the ground and level the surface of the garden well.
  2. Spread the covering material, fix the edges with boards, hairpins, stones, cover with earth.
  3. Make cruciform cuts in the material where you will plant the strawberries. Fold the cut edges inward. You should have holes 15–20 cm in diameter.
  4. Place a Bogota socket in each hole. Straighten the roots, leave the heart (the central bud from which the leaves grow) on the surface. For the plants to take root better, remove excess leaves, except for 1-2 of the youngest ones.
  5. Water at the rate of 0.5–0.7 liters per bush.

Strawberry care

An important part of caring for Bogotá is watering. If there is no drip, or you turn it on for a while, then provide sufficient moisture for the first 1-2 weeks after planting. While the strawberries take root, the ground should be constantly moist. As soon as new leaves began to grow, you can switch to the watering regime once a week or 2 times in hot and dry weather until the end of the growing season (September-October). You need to give a lot of water so that the earth gets wet to a depth of 30 cm. Without watering, the berries will be small and dry, and in the heat their consistency can become jelly-like. If the temperature rises above + 30… + 35 ⁰C, arrange sprinkler irrigation in Bogota.

In the heat, strawberries will be grateful for a cool shower.

Large-fruited varieties require a lot of nutrition. Submit it according to the season:

  1. Every spring in the form of nitrogen fertilizers: urea or ammonium nitrate - 1 tbsp. for 1 m². It can be scattered in early spring over melting snow or during the first spring loosening of the soil in the garden.
  2. Every autumn phosphorus-potash: 1.5 tbsp. l superphosphate and 1 tbsp. potassium sulfate per 1 m².
  3. Throughout the summer, from June to early September, every 7-10 days, apply complex fertilizing, in which potassium prevails in percentage terms over other elements.

Video: how to properly feed strawberries

For summer dressings, use store-bought complex mixtures for strawberries / strawberries: Gumi-Omi, Fertika, Zdraven, BioHumus, Clean sheet, etc.

Photo gallery: complex nutritional mixtures for feeding strawberries

But modern gardeners are creative people who like to do everything themselves from improvised natural materials. The simplest fertilizer is weed infusion. At the same time, it is interesting to study the properties of different plants and select ingredients at your discretion. So, for strawberries you can collect:

  • dandelions rich in potassium;
  • potato tops, which are rich in phosphorus;
  • nettle - a storehouse of all micro and macro elements;
  • wormwood, which with its bitterness will scare away many pests;
  • celandine, which will scare away pests with bitterness and help fight diseases.

Put your secret set of herbs in a container, filling it 3/4 full, fill it with water, cover with a loose lid and put in a warm place for a week. As a result, you should get a slurry with the smell of manure. Dilute with water 5 times and water Bogota at a rate of 1-2 liters per bush, you can pour on the leaves. Give any top dressing only on wet ground. Alternate root with foliar.

Many gardeners like to prepare green fertilizer, because for each culture you can come up with your own unique recipe

If your strawberries grow on bare ground, without covering material, spread dry grass or straw mulch over the beds. So you slow down the growth of weeds, retain moisture in the ground, protect leaves and ripening berries from contact with cold and damp soil. For the winter, Bogota will have to be sheltered, unless you live in the region for which it is zoned. The variety is approved for growing in warm and mild climates. These strawberries will not survive severe frosts, especially in winters with little snow. Cover the beds with breathable material, burlap, spruce branches, scatter branches, brushwood, dill stalks, etc. to trap snow. This should be done in late autumn, when the ground is frozen and the temperature does not rise above 0 ⁰C during the day.

Video: option for winter shelter of strawberries

Over the years, not very pleasant changes occur on the strawberry bed. In particular, the bushes grow, begin to bulge out of the ground, the upper part of the roots is bare. If this happens, add humus or leafy soil so that only hearts are on the surface. After 4 years of fruiting, dig up the entire plantation in one place, transfer the strawberries to another site. To do this, use a healthy mustache. You cannot transplant old bushes to a new place!

Prevention and control of diseases and pests

Infection of strawberries with fungi, viruses and pests is easier to prevent than to fight. The very first source of all trouble is seedlings. If you bought seedlings from an unknown seller, do not trust him, then process the strawberries before planting. Submerge the whole bushes in hot water (50⁰C) for 20 minutes. Pour the seedlings in cups with such water from a watering can over the leaves. Try to hit the heart too. Parasites invisible to the eye settle on the most delicate parts of plants. In the same way, process the already mature bushes of Bogota in the beds, but you can already take the water hotter - up to 65 ⁰C. Do the processing twice a year. The first time in the spring, as soon as the ground thaws, and you can go to the garden. The second time is right after the harvest.

Hot water treatment can cure and bring back to life the most neglected strawberry bushes

Heat treatment is a versatile product. Without any chemicals, you will get rid of weevils, nematodes, strawberry mites at all stages of their development. But hot water also helps against fungal diseases: various spots and rot. Of the chemical preparations for pest control to this day, one of the most effective remains Karbofos (60 g per 10 l). He fights a whole complex of insects. Aktara helps with ticks (2-3 g per 20 liters). However, these are strong insecticides, it is impossible to process strawberries with them during flowering, it is possible only a month before the berries ripen and after the harvest is complete. Harmless biological products are produced, for example, Fitoverm, but they are ineffective on heavily affected bushes.

In addition, there are versatile and effective fungicides - drugs to fight diseases. In particular, HOM (40 g per 10 l of water), Skor (2 ml per 10 l), 1% Bordeaux liquid can destroy any fungal disease spores on your strawberries: powdery mildew, brown and white spots, etc. Knowing the predisposition Bogota to diseases, you need to spray it in advance, without waiting for obvious signs of infection:

  • make the first treatment in the spring, at the beginning of the growing season;
  • repeat 1-2 more times with an interval of 10 days;
  • after harvesting, process 1-2 times with an interval of 10 days.

A very effective and harmless method of combating diseases, which many underestimate, is to cut and burn, for example, in a grill, old leaves that have begun to turn yellow and become stained. By removing them regularly, you will destroy foci of infection and give the bush an incentive to grow new young and healthy greens.

Video: an effective solution from all pests from pharmaceutical preparations

Harvesting and how to save Bogota strawberries for the winter

If you need to store the strawberries for several days, take them to the market or as a gift to your family, then harvest them in the morning, after the dew has melted and before the berries are heated in the sun. Pluck with the stalk and place in a shallow container. Store in the refrigerator for no more than 3-5 days. For personal consumption and processing on the same day, you can pick strawberries at any time of the day. Along the way, remove dry, rotten, damaged fruits from the garden in a separate container.

Bogotá is a very beautiful and tasty berry. It is eaten fresh directly from the garden or everyone's favorite dessert is prepared - strawberries with milk, cream or sour cream. Small fruits can be put into whole-fruit canning: jam, confiture, compote, candied fruit. You can dry the berries in the oven or dryer and add fragrant strawberries to your tea in winter.

Dried strawberries - a flavored addition to tea, baked goods and desserts

Freeze large berries whole, or better grind them with sugar, arrange in small containers and store in the freezer. Such a delicacy will preserve the taste and aroma of summer for a long time.In addition, frozen strawberries can be used all year round for cosmetic purposes: bite off and eat half of the berries, and wipe the face and neck with the pulp of the other half. When the juice dries up and begins to tighten the skin, wash yourself. Those who are not afraid of a cold can feast on and wipe their face with an even ice berry, the effect will be better.

Each strawberry contains vitamins, antioxidants, rutin, trace elements. All these substances in the complex rejuvenate and tone the skin, strengthen blood vessels, relieve irritation, return the blush, and prevent the appearance of acne.

Gardeners reviews

Bogota is a strain for hardworking professionals, especially if grown in a different region than it was intended for. This berry needs to be watered more than others, fed, protected from diseases, pests and frost. Care also complicates the active growth of the mustache. But for the sake of delicious strawberries, gardeners are ready for a lot. Having tasted Bogotá once, you can fall in love with it for life and take care of this demanding berry with pleasure every year.

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Bogota strawberries. Features of the variety.

In Russia, field trials of Dutch bred strawberries in Bogota began in 1997. The positively proven variety was included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements under the number 9701303 after 5 years. The North Caucasian scientific institution, the center of horticulture, viticulture, and winemaking, was registered as the originator.

Watch the video: Sweet Strawberries: different varieties

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