Why is the studless gooseberry good, and which varieties are better to choose for planting


There are no 100% thornless gooseberry varieties, no matter how the sellers of seedlings assure you of the opposite. The fact is that thorns can suddenly appear on any gooseberry bush or, on the contrary, disappear - it depends on the peculiarities of caring for the bush and on its age. For example, in the weakly thorny Northern Captain, young seedlings are covered with sharp thorns, which after a while almost completely disappear, but Vladil's smooth shoots, on the contrary, subsequently grow thorns.

Popular gooseberry varieties without thorns

Ripe gooseberries are tasty and healthy, you can cook many interesting dishes from them and make preparations for the winter in the form of compotes, jams or preserves. But while you collect all the berries from the bush, you risk getting scratched from head to toe. For excessive thorniness and many gardeners do not like this unpretentious culture. Fortunately, breeders have long bred the thornless gooseberry, the bushes of which are almost completely devoid of thorns.

Thornless and weakly thorny gooseberries tolerate Russian harsh winters

Among gardeners, it is believed that thorny gooseberries produce more delicious fruits than gooseberries without thorns. In this case, is it worth planting a thornless gooseberry? In fact, the flavor of the berries is determined by the variety - some varieties have a mediocre taste, while others have a wonderful, full-bodied fruit flavor. In addition, thornless and weakly thorny gooseberries tolerate Russian harsh winters well, begin to bear fruit early and are not afraid of frosts characteristic of late spring. It was also noticed that bushes with weak thorniness are distinguished by significant resistance to powdery mildew.

Video about growing large gooseberries

Northern captain

In this variety, single thorns are extremely rare on the bush, we can say that the gooseberry is thornless. Oval berries of a black shade with a distinguishable waxy bloom are arranged in brushes of two or three pieces. Fresh fruits are of average taste, but excellent for making homemade wine. In addition, the North Captain has a high yield, resistance to cold and fungal diseases.

Malachite

On vigorous bushes, sparse thorns are evenly distributed throughout the shoot. Large green berries with delicate pulp and thin skin have a specific flavor, due to which they are most often used for compotes and preserves. High winter hardiness, excellent yield and resistance to powdery mildew are additional advantages of the variety.

Gooseberry "Malachite"

African

In a medium-sized, moderately spreading bush, thorns are almost never found. Dark purple berries, covered with a waxy bloom, are distinguished by a light taste of black currant - they are tasty fresh, as well as in the form of compotes, jelly and jam. The African is resistant to powdery mildew, but there is a risk of being affected by anthracnose.

Lights of Krasnodar

If you are interested in thornless gooseberries with delicious berries, take a look at this variety. On the branches and shoots of a semi-sprawling bush, thorns are not found, dark red small fruits are pleasant to the taste. The Ogni Krasnodar variety is resistant to disease, drought and frost.

Variety Ogni Krasnodar resistant to disease, drought and frost

Sirius

Another thornless variety that deserves attention. Sirius is a non-prickly gooseberry, medium ripening. Medium-sized rounded berries are collected in a brush, one or two pieces, taste sweet and sour, suitable for fresh consumption and for harvesting for the winter. Sirius is resistant to fungal diseases and tolerates winter well.

Grushenka

On the shoots of the bush, thorns are almost imperceptible, the fruits of a characteristic pear-shaped shape grow in brushes in two pieces. Fully ripe berries are distinguished by a rich dark color, small seeds and a pleasant taste, rich in pectin substances.

Gingerbread man

This popular variety is valued for its thornlessness, rapid growth of the bush, good recovery from damage, large fruit size and early fruiting. However, Kolobok also has disadvantages: the gooseberry is sensitive to a sharp change in frost and thaw, too sprawling bush must be constantly cut off. And the rounded cherry-colored berries have a rather mediocre taste.

Video about the Kolobok gooseberry variety

Ural besshorny

The shoots of vigorous bushes are practically devoid of thorns, light green large fruits have a dessert sweetish taste with sourness, are used fresh and are used to prepare preparations for the winter. Powdery mildew of the Ural thornless gooseberry is rarely affected, it is resistant to other diseases.

As you can see, the breeders tried to diversify the thornless gooseberry - its varieties are currently very numerous and not similar to each other. In addition to the listed varieties, the studless and weakly thorny varieties are also noteworthy: Chernomor, Shalun, Yubilyar, Prunes, Sadko, Pushkinsky, Senator, Laskovy, Rodnik, Kolkhozny, Leningradets, Kooperator, Beryl.


The best varieties of thornless gooseberries

There are no 100% thornless gooseberry varieties, no matter how the sellers of seedlings assure you of the opposite. The fact is that thorns can suddenly appear on any gooseberry bush or, on the contrary, disappear - it depends on the peculiarities of caring for the bush and on its age. For example, in the weakly thorny Northern Captain, young seedlings are covered with sharp thorns, which after a while almost completely disappear, but Vladil's smooth shoots, on the contrary, subsequently grow thorns.

Popular gooseberry varieties without thorns

Ripe gooseberries are tasty and healthy, you can cook many interesting dishes from them and make preparations for the winter in the form of compotes, jams or preserves. But while you collect all the berries from the bush, you risk getting scratched from head to toe. For excessive thorniness and many gardeners do not like this unpretentious culture. Fortunately, breeders have long bred the thornless gooseberry, the bushes of which are almost completely devoid of thorns.

Thornless and weakly thorny gooseberries tolerate Russian harsh winters

Among gardeners, it is believed that thorny gooseberries produce more delicious fruits than gooseberries without thorns. In this case, is it worth planting a thornless gooseberry? In fact, the flavor of the berries is determined by the variety - some varieties have a mediocre taste, while others have a wonderful, full-bodied fruit flavor. In addition, thornless and weakly thorny gooseberries tolerate Russian harsh winters well, begin to bear fruit early and are not afraid of frosts characteristic of late spring. It was also noticed that bushes with weak thorniness are distinguished by significant resistance to powdery mildew.

Video about growing large gooseberries

Northern captain

In this variety, single thorns are extremely rare on the bush, we can say that the gooseberry is thornless. Oval berries of a black shade with a distinguishable waxy bloom are arranged in brushes of two or three pieces. Fresh fruits are of average taste, but excellent for making homemade wine. In addition, the North Captain has a high yield, resistance to cold and fungal diseases.

Malachite

On vigorous bushes, sparse thorns are evenly distributed throughout the shoot. Large green berries with delicate pulp and thin skin have a specific flavor, due to which they are most often used for compotes and preserves. High winter hardiness, excellent yield and resistance to powdery mildew are additional advantages of the variety.

African

In a medium-sized, moderately spreading bush, thorns are almost never found. Dark purple berries, covered with a waxy bloom, are distinguished by a light taste of black currant - they are tasty fresh, as well as in the form of compotes, jelly and jam. The African is resistant to powdery mildew, but there is a risk of being affected by anthracnose.

Lights of Krasnodar

If you are interested in thornless gooseberries with delicious berries, check out this variety. On the branches and shoots of a semi-sprawling bush, thorns are not found, dark red small fruits are pleasant to the taste. The Ogni Krasnodar variety is resistant to disease, drought and frost.

Variety Ogni Krasnodar resistant to disease, drought and frost

Sirius

Another thornless variety that deserves attention. Sirius is a non-prickly gooseberry, medium ripening. Medium-sized rounded berries are collected in a brush, one or two pieces, taste sweet and sour, suitable for fresh consumption and for harvesting for the winter. Sirius is resistant to fungal diseases and tolerates winter well.

Grushenka

On the shoots of the bush, thorns are almost imperceptible, the fruits of a characteristic pear-shaped shape grow in brushes in two pieces. Fully ripe berries are distinguished by a rich dark color, small seeds and a pleasant taste, rich in pectin substances.

Gingerbread man

This popular variety is valued for its thornlessness, rapid growth of the bush, good recovery from damage, large fruit size and early fruiting. However, Kolobok also has disadvantages: the gooseberry is sensitive to a sharp change in frost and thaw, too sprawling bush must be constantly cut off. And the rounded cherry-colored berries have a rather mediocre taste.

Video about the Kolobok gooseberry variety

Ural besshorny

The shoots of vigorous bushes are practically devoid of thorns, light green large fruits have a dessert sweetish taste with sourness, are used fresh and are used to prepare preparations for the winter. Powdery mildew of the Ural thornless gooseberry is rarely affected, it is resistant to other diseases.

As you can see, the breeders tried to diversify the thornless gooseberry - its varieties are currently very numerous and not similar to each other. In addition to the listed varieties, the studless and weakly thorny varieties are also noteworthy: Chernomor, Shalun, Yubilyar, Prune, Sadko, Pushkinskiy, Senator, Laskovy, Rodnik, Kolkhozny, Leningradets, Kooperator, Beryl.

In our country, such a berry culture as gooseberry is especially popular among gardeners, since in addition to a pleasant taste, the fruits also have useful substances. Often, gardeners avoid planting gooseberries, since berries are not picked without scratches or even cuts. But breeders have long dealt with this problem, creating many varieties of gooseberries without thorns.

A bright representative of mid-season gooseberry varieties without thorns, which is suitable for cultivation in the Urals. The bush grows low, the foliage density is medium, semi-spreading. On the branches there are single short and thin thorns. The berries are medium in size, their weight usually does not exceed 6 grams, the shape is round-oval, the skin color is dark cherry. The variety is winter hardy, immune to American powdery mildew, the yield of this gooseberry is 5 kg per plant.

A productive gooseberry variety without thorns, it is grown almost everywhere in the middle lane. The bush is medium-sized, usually it does not grow more than 1.5 meters, the spreading is average. The berries are oval in shape and medium in size, covered with a rich black skin, and have a sour-sweet taste. The variety is not too resistant to anracnosis, but is not at all afraid of powdery mildew and common gooseberry pests.

Weakly spiked gooseberry variety with medium ripening periods. Plant height can reach 1.6 meters, the plant is medium spreading. The berries are more often oval, less often teardrop-shaped, their weight varies within 5-9 grams, the skin color is light green, the fruits have a sour-sweet taste. This variety of thornless gooseberry is ideal for cultivation in the Moscow region, since it is not afraid of droughts, winter-hardy and immune to powdery mildew.

An early ripe large-fruited variety. The plant is tall, the foliage is dense, single thin and small thorns are found on the shoots. The berries are round in shape, weigh an average of about 8 grams, covered with a dark cherry skin with a tart taste. The yield of the bush is 4-6 kg, the plant can freeze slightly in rather harsh winters, it is highly valued for its resistance to pathogens of fungal diseases, anthracnose and powdery mildew.

A variety with medium early ripening dates, bred by the Ural breeders. The bush grows tall, but its structure is rather compact, the foliage is dense. The berries are round, medium in size, weight varies between 3-5 grams, the skin has a red color of such a dark shade that sometimes it seems black, the taste of the fruits is sweet and sour. This thornless gooseberry variety is adapted for growing in regions with a rather cold climate, such as Siberia. Resistant to major diseases of culture. The yield of the variety reaches 8 kg per plant.

A bright representative of mid-season varieties of red gooseberries without thorns. Medium spreading bush with dense foliage. The shape of the berries is round, their minimum weight is 3 grams, and the maximum weight is 6.5 grams. The fruits are covered with a dark red skin, the taste is sweet with sourness. From each bush, under optimal growing conditions, you can harvest about 5-6 kg of the crop. The variety tolerates wintering well, it is immune to powdery mildew.

The thornless gooseberry variety has an average time to reach the biological ripeness of the fruit. The bush is low, semi-spreading, with dense foliage. Berries come across both medium and large, their weight varies from 3.5 to 8 grams. Skin color is dark cherry, its thickness is usually medium, but it can be thin. The variety winters well, gives high yields of 5-7 kg per bush, is weakly affected by sawflies and anthracnose, and is immune to American powdery mildew.

One of the most widespread varieties of mid-ripening thornless gooseberries grown in the Perm Territory. The plant is vigorous, spreading, the foliage is rather dense. The berries are round, large (4-6 grams), covered with a thin skin of a rich green color with a slight waxy coating. The variety painlessly tolerates wintering and dry weather; on average, about 3-4 kg of tasty fruits are harvested from the bush.

This mid-season gooseberry variety got its interesting name for its rare golden skin color and honey taste of the fruit. Sprawling, tall bush (1.5 meters). The shape of the berries is pear-shaped, their weight is 4-6 grams, the skin is rather thin, the structure of the pulp is medium-dense, juicy. The variety tolerates frosts and even frosts well, but is not at all protected from damage by powdery mildew. The yield of a single bush does not exceed 4 kg of berries.

A high-yielding variety with early periods of reaching the biological ripeness of berries. The plant is medium-sized, slightly spreading. Fruits are round, mostly of medium size (3-5 grams), but there are also large specimens (6-8 grams), covered with black skin with a small waxy coating, have a sweet and sour taste. The variety is resistant to gooseberry diseases, tolerates wintering well, the average yield of one bush is 6.5 kg.

back to contents ↑ Lights of Krasnodar

A large-fruited variety of red gooseberries without thorns can grow in almost any region of the country. The bush is semi-spreading, the foliage is medium, there are no thorns on the plant at all.The berries are round in shape and rather large in size, usually their weight does not exceed 8.5 grams, the color of the skin is red. The variety is valued for its resistance to common diseases affecting gooseberries, arid weather conditions and frost.

back to contents ↑ Northern Captain

A mid-season fruitful variety of thornless gooseberries. The bush can grow quite high, the spreading is medium, the foliage is dense. Rounded berries are formed of medium size (3-4 grams), the skin color is black with the presence of a waxy coating. The variety is immune to such ailments as septoria, anthracnose and powdery mildew, practically not affected by sawflies and moths, and painlessly tolerates wintering.

A high-yielding variety with medium late ripening of fruits. The plant is medium-sized with medium-dense foliage. The shape of the berries is round, the average weight is 3-4 grams, the skin is dense, dark red with the presence of a waxy coating. The variety is winter-hardy, tolerates dry weather well, but can get sick with American powdery mildew, the yield is average, only 2-4 kg per bush.

back to contents ↑ Uralsky beshipny

Late-ripening large-fruited variety of thornless gooseberry, bred by Russian breeders. The bush is tall, semi-spreading, with medium-dense foliage. The berries are oval in shape, their minimum weight can be 3 grams, and the maximum weight is 8 grams. The skin color is rich green, its structure is dense, the pulp tastes sweet and sour, juicy. The variety tolerates cold winters well, up to 5-8 kg of berries are harvested from an adult bush.

back to contents ↑ Prune

Thornless gooseberry variety with medium early ripening. The bush is of medium height, not too sprawling, the foliage is medium. The shape of the berries is oval and pear-shaped, the average weight is 4 grams, they are covered with a black skin with a waxy bloom. The variety is valued for its winter hardiness and immunity to powdery mildew; under normal growing conditions, about 4.5 kg of delicious berries can be harvested from one plant.

Gooseberries can be found in almost every site in the central region of Russia. Gardeners often think about which variety to choose and plant. Let's try to figure it out together by reading the description of the most popular ones. Varieties are divided according to many criteria, Kolobok, Grushenka, Russian yellow and Amber are most suitable for the Moscow region... The most frost-resistant are Beryl, Ural emerald, Consul and others. The largest fruits are produced by the varieties Zashchitnik, Kooperator, Leningradets and others. They have excellent taste - Medovy, Kaptivator, Pushkin, Sadko, Laskovy, English, Mashenka and others. Thornless gooseberries are the safest, besides, it is easier to care for them, the best and most popular varieties are Eaglet, African, Thornless gooseberry and others.


Basic rules for preparing for sowing

The site contains detailed descriptions of many popular varieties of potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, cabbage and other vegetables. For those who want to harvest early, varieties with early ripening are suitable. But you can select varieties with medium or late ripening at the same time. It must be taken into account where the crop will be grown, in a greenhouse or in an open area.

Before you start sowing seeds, they need to be selected, disinfected, soaked in preparations that stimulate growth and strengthen immunity.

On the site you can find a calendar of sowing dates for a particular vegetable crop. Seeds for seedlings are sown earlier. Planting seeds in open ground is allowed only when the threat of frost is behind.

Advice on soil preparation is given. Do not forget about the introduction of organic and mineral fertilizers. You need to choose the right neighborhood, since not all vegetables get along with each other.

An equally important moment is the cultivation of seedlings and caring for them. We have collected material on what conditions are necessary, what soil to choose and how to choose the right fertilizer.


The best large-fruited gooseberry varieties

Defender

Gooseberry variety Defender

A tall shrub with powerful branches and a straight crown. The mass of berries can reach 10 grams, their shape is oval-pear-shaped, the color is burgundy, almost black... The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour. Refers to varieties with a late ripening period. The defender tolerates frost well, does not undergo powdery mildew.

Cooperator

Gooseberry variety Cooperator

This type of shrub has a medium height and a sparse, slightly spreading crown with a small number of thorns. On average, one berry weighs 7 grams, pear-shaped, dark red color... Such fruits are considered dessert, they are very tasty and sweet. Up to 5 kilograms of harvest can be harvested from one bush, the ripening period is medium late. Another advantage of the variety is its resistance to cold weather and fruit rot.

Leningrader

Gooseberry grade Leningradets

A bush of medium height with a semi-spreading crown, thorns are practically absent. The berries are large, their weight can reach 10 grams, the shape resembles an inverted egg, the color is dark red... Gooseberry taste sweet and sour. From one bush, you can collect up to 7.5 kilograms of harvest, medium late ripening. The shrub is winter-hardy, moderately exposed to powdery mildew.

Spring

Gooseberry variety Rodnik

Shrub of medium height with a compact, neat crown. On average, the fruits weigh 5-6 grams, but their weight can reach 8 grams, the shape is round-oval, the color is dull, yellow-green... The taste of such berries is very pleasant, sweet, they are suitable both for fresh consumption and for any kind of processing. The variety is resistant to frost and fungal diseases, it is distinguished by its ability to reproduce crops even under unfavorable climatic conditions.


Grouse - how to decorate a garden with exotic fritillaria

The hazel grouse, also known as fritillaria, belongs to the perennial bulbous crops of the Liliaceae family. There are about a hundred different plant species. The flower is native to North America and Asia. Translated from Latin, the name of the culture means "container for dice."

Many people associate the name of fritillaria with a chessboard and a miniature bird. There is no single characteristic for hazel grouse. The family includes various subspecies - dwarf representatives (up to 10 cm) and giants (above one meter). Each year, the hazel grouse flowers renew the bulb.

The color of the inflorescences can be milky, light green, orange, purple and brown. Produces fritillary buds, as a rule, at the end of April.

Plant care at home

The hazel grouse easily withstands sudden changes in temperature.

Temperature regime

The plant does not require additional protection in winter. The culture easily withstands drops and a sharp drop in temperature (up to -30 degrees). It is advisable to cover the planting site with mulch and restraining material. The layer should be at least five centimeters.

Lighting

The plant prefers areas with diffused sunlight. Direct sunlight leads to a decrease in the size of the inflorescences, and in full shade, the buds may not form.

How to water a hazel grouse plant

The plant does not need regular soil moisture. During intensive vegetative development, fritillaria should be periodically watered with warm, settled water.

During the period of active growth, watering is carried out with warm water.

Fritillaria transplant

When the plant has faded, the leaves and shoots will begin to wilt. At this stage, when the leaves turn yellow and the flower stems dry up, the hazel grouse must be transplanted.

Fritillaria tubers are necessary:

  1. Dig up carefully. Care must be taken to maintain the integrity of the bulb.
  2. For a month, it is necessary to keep the planting material in a room with good air circulation.
  3. After the first roots or shoots appear, you need to immediately plant the hazel grouse in the ground.

Grouse trimming procedure

It is necessary to clean the culture immediately after the inflorescences wilted. To do this, dry buds and shoots should be removed. The plant should be cleaned in such a way that at least 4 cm remains at the base.

Storage of hazel grouse in winter

Some gardeners argue that it is better to dig up hazel grouse tubers for the winter. If there is no snow in the winter and the temperature drops sharply, the bulbs may freeze or die.

For winter, hazel grouse bulbs can be dug up and stored in a cool place.

Before the first frost, you can dig out the hazel grouse and treat the tubers with a disinfectant. Then dry and store in cardboard packages with coarse sand or chips.

Varieties of fritillaria

The most popular representatives of fritillaria are the Shakhmatny hazel grouse and the Royal hazel grouse.

"Royal" hazel grouse

The plant is also called the "Imperial" hazel grouse. Fritillaria deservedly received a high title. Not a single landscape composition is complete without a flower.

The culture is distinguished by large tubers. Fritillaria can reach a height of about 1.5 meters. The plant has decorative glossy leaves along the stem. The inflorescences are placed face down. In the natural environment, there are subspecies of orange-red, scarlet, orange and yellow.

Exquisite inflorescences of hazel grouse "Imperial".

It is advisable to plant hazel grouse "Imperial" with a slight slope. The structure of the bulb can cause rotting of the upper part of the tuber from excessive precipitation.

Grouse "Imperial" requires an illuminated landing site in direct sunlight. Well-drained soil is preferred.

Features of growing "Imperial" fritillaria can be found in the video:

"Chess" hazel grouse

The most charming representative of fritillaria. Bell-shaped inflorescences are purple and white with a faint checkerboard pattern.

Plant height reaches about 50 cm. It goes well with annuals in rockeries and alpine hills. Often used to decorate lawn areas.

Planting fritillaria in open soil

Light, well-drained soil should be chosen for planting.

To plant a plant, you should:

  1. Find a suitable location on the site. It is advisable to choose an area with loose soil. Excessively humid and waterlogged areas should be avoided.
  2. If the soil is loamy, organic material must be used. Peat, compost, tree bark, leaf humus are ideal as drainage.
  3. "Imperial" hazel grouse has a very specific aroma. Therefore, it is advisable to plant a subspecies in remote areas.
  4. Dig holes and plant the bulbs at a distance of at least 10 cm.
  5. It should be borne in mind that the Imperial hazel grouse usually has a hole in the upper part of the tuber. You need to arrange the planting material evenly. The mark in the bulb should be centered at the top.
  6. After planting, the soil should be carefully moistened.
  7. During flowering, you can cut beautiful stems with buds for vibrant bouquets. It is necessary to remove short shoots. Excessive pruning - more than 2/3 of the stem will negatively affect the formation of inflorescences in the next vegetative period.

Growing technology

Breeding hazel grouses does not cause unnecessary trouble. To grow beautiful, flowering fritillaria, you need:

  1. Plant the bulbs at a distance from each other, depending on the size of the planting material.
  2. When planting, observe the rule - the depth of the hole should be twice the size of the tuber.

The depth of the hole should be twice the size of the hazel grouse bulb.

It is preferable to plant tubers in autumn. If the bulbs are purchased in summer, it is best not to wait several months and plant the plant right away.

Soil mixture

Everyone has long been accustomed to the fact that the classic breeding of hazel grouses involves growing outdoors. If the conditions of the site are not conducive to the development of green spaces, you can experiment and plant fritillaria in a container.

A loose and light mixture should be prepared as the soil, preferably sandy loam soil. For better vegetative growth, you can add rotted compost and peat. Florists also recommend purchasing cactus soil and mixing with gravel.

Fertilizer

As a top dressing, a dry complex of nutrients for indoor crops is ideal.

After wilting and before the onset of frost, fertilizers containing superphosphates and potassium should be applied.

After wilting, the plant can be fed with fertilizer.

It is necessary to thoroughly water the soil after each top dressing.

Grouse container

On the forums it is often argued that it is advisable not to dig up the bulbs of the "Imperial" hazel grouse for 5 years. Therefore, the subspecies is not suitable for container growing. As the practice of flower growers shows, the correct selection of capacity, soil and fertilizers in a closed room guarantees a long and abundant flowering of fritillaria.

As a flowerpot, it is advisable to choose ceramic containers with the provided drainage drains.

Drainage holes should be provided in the container for hazel grouse.

Sufficiently deep containers are suitable for fritillaria. Unlike outdoor planting conditions, about 2-3 bulbs can be planted in one flowerpot.

Common problems of fritillaria

Withering buds

Premature fall of flower buds before the inflorescences ripen indicates an incorrect planting depth or freezing of the bulbs. In addition, the reason may be non-compliance with the proportions of soil fertilization.

Yellowing of leaves and shoots

Caused, as a rule, by the natural process of leaf death. If the lower leaves began to dry, this is a clear sign of preparation for winter dormancy.

Rotting tubers

Improper hydration leads to rotting of the bulb. The plant must be dug up and treated with rot-infected tubers with a solution of potassium permanganate. Then you need to dry the planting material at a high temperature and sprinkle the slices with crushed charcoal. After that, you can plant it in the ground.

Low growth of fritillaria

Causes abundant congestion of plants. After several years of cultivation in the same soil, many young shoots appear on the bulbs. Plants lack nutrients. Therefore, after wilting of the leaves (before the onset of the dormant period), the bulbs should be carefully dug up and planted according to the recommendations.

Weevils

Fritillaria is often attacked by weevils. Beetle larvae damage the stems in the soil. An adult insect infects leaves and roots.

An adult weevil beetle damages the foliage and inflorescences of the hazel grouse.

As a rule, the weevil eats the hazel grouse at night. A characteristic jagged pattern appears along the edges of the leaves. Larvae hatch from eggs laid in the ground in July and August.

At the developmental stage, pests are difficult to control. Therefore, they can easily damage the root system of the hazel grouse.

After finding damage to the foliage, the plant should be thoroughly cleaned and all parts of the crop should be treated with an insecticide. It is necessary to repeat the procedure after 5 days.

Leaf spot

Infected leaves become straw yellow or brown in color. Leaf spot usually affects already weakened foliage. The spread of the disease can be controlled by removing all diseased leaves, followed by destruction.

To prevent contamination of other green spaces, all fallen remains of dead plants should be collected. In this way, the spread of the spore population can be avoided. Dig up and discard the soil next to infected crops.

To prevent the disease, it is necessary to use several methods:

  1. Mulching will help avoid contamination of neighboring flowers.
  2. After flowering, overgrown plants should be separated to improve air circulation.
  3. The looseness and drainage of the soil should be checked regularly.

Rust on foliage

Powdery spotting on fritillaria is caused by various fungi. The disease manifests itself in the form of numerous marks of an orange, yellow or white hue on various zones of the plant.

Infected leaves wilt and dry out. The plant may die. Remove damaged leaves as soon as possible.

Rust can be prevented by periodically spraying colloidal sulfur on the leaves of the plant.

For prophylaxis, mass gatherings of other representatives of the fauna next to the hazel grouse should be avoided. Also, it is not recommended to spray the foliage when watering.

Allergic reactions

Fritillaria is known for its specific odor, which can not only repel pests, but can also cause allergies. People with sensitive skin may experience itching or tingling from the treatment of hazel grouse bulbs. The safest way to grow fritillaria is to wear gloves when planting tubers.

Plant propagation methods

The flower can be obtained in two ways - vegetatively and by seed.

Reproduction of fritillaria by seeds

Several species of hazel grouse reproduce by self-seeding under favorable conditions.

For growing you will need:

  1. Prepare freshly harvested seeds from a dried box.
  2. Certain species of hazel grouse reproduce by self-seeding. In this case, the planting material is on the surface of the soil. Therefore, it is important to place the seeds evenly on the soil and not bury them deep in the ground.
  3. The top can be covered with a layer of sand from 0.5 to 1 cm to retain moisture.
  4. A light composition of compost mixed with peat should be used as soil.
  5. Avoid open areas with large gusts of wind and drafts.
  6. Cold air stimulates the emergence of seedlings. You can place seed containers in the refrigerator. The temperature should be at least + 4 degrees.
  7. Seeds should be checked regularly.
  8. After the appearance of the first shoots, you need to move the container to a bright place to prevent etiolation (stretching of the stems) of the seedlings in the dark.
  9. During the entire growing season, the seedlings should be thoroughly watered.
  10. You need to use half the dose of the balanced fertilizer provided for in the instructions, once every two weeks.
  11. By the end of the first year, the bulbs will be too small. Therefore, you should wait with a transplant until next year.
  12. An adult flowering plant will appear only after 5-6 years.

Vegetative reproduction of hazel grouse

When the leaves and flowers are dry, you can plant the hazel grouse. This requires:

  1. After digging, remove dry leaves. You can cut them off with a pair of sharp scissors.
  2. Gently pull the small bulbs from the mother culture and remove any remaining soil from the tubers.
  3. Store the divided bulbs. Pack the baby tubers in a wooden box filled with moist peat and moss.
  4. In the fall, after a cold snap, you should prepare a landing site.
  5. Check tubers carefully before planting.
  6. Destroy all soft spotted bulbs.
  7. Planting material should be placed with the pointed end up, and then covered with soil.
  8. It is not recommended to compact the soil over the top of the bulbs.
  9. For protection, you can use a light organic mulch - straw or leaves.
  10. In the spring, when the bulbs begin to sprout, the protection must be removed.

One mother bulb can be divided into several parts. In many types of culture, the main tuber increases in size and forms children. It is these bulbs that have to grow for several years before flowering.

Babies are easily separated from the mother plant. The bulbs should be dug up every two years. Then the separated babies will already be large enough. and the separation process will be noticeably simplified.

You can artificially divide the tuber. To do this, you need to cut the onion, which consists of two scales. Dry the separated parts. Segments have a lower resistance to drying than whole bulbs. Therefore, they should be planted much earlier.

Why does the hazel grouse not bloom

There are two main reasons for the lack of inflorescences:

    The low temperature does not allow the flower bud to ripen. The plant should be provided with a proper microclimate. Inflorescences, as a rule, are formed at temperatures above + 23 degrees. It is necessary to move the plant to another area of ​​the site or temporarily transplant it into a container.

The absence of inflorescences indicates a damaged tuber or unfavorable growing conditions.

  • Rotting tuber due to excessive moisture or improper planting. The culture needs to be dug up. Cut off affected areas and treat with potassium permanganate. Before subsequent planting, the tubers must be thoroughly dried and treated with a growth stimulant. A few grams of wood ash mixed with coarse sand should be added to the planting hole.
  • Acquisition of fritillaria

    When choosing a hazel grouse, it must be borne in mind that the tubers should have a healthy appearance without obvious symptoms of decay, cracks, soft areas and mold. The presence of roots and last year's dried stem does not refer to signs of poor-quality planting material.

    It is advisable to buy bulbs for the season.

    It is advisable to acquire planting material for hazel grouse immediately before planting.

    To do this, you should make an application in advance at the garden nursery. On average, the price of Imperial hazel grouse is about 114 rubles per 5 bulbs. Grouse "Persian" in the form of seeds can be purchased at a price of 87 rubles per pack. One package contains 10 seeds.


    Description

    Scientists breeders do not stand still in their research for a new selection of gooseberries. Every year, varieties of fruit crops appear on the market, and some of them meet the highest characteristics characteristic of gooseberries.

    There are several varieties and varieties of thornless berry bushes, differing in the following ways:

    1. Hybrid varieties of culture at the beginning of the growing season release sharp thorns, but during the period of ovary formation, the thorns disappear.
    2. Thorns are found exclusively on old branches.
    3. Gooseberry bushes with few or soft thorns.
    4. Also, sharp thorns can appear and disappear depending on climatic conditions, proper care and age of the plants.

    Reference! Bushes of hybrid gooseberries without thorns are taller and more spreading, requiring annual pruning.


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