Cooking in the air

Preparing garden tubs for winter

The tubers are often referred to as one of the most problematic categories of garden plants. Growing giants in large containers is fun and really not for everyone. And the reason for this is trivial: such plants require care and time, in the summer - daily watering.

And not every gardener can provide such care. And one of the most difficult components in growing any tub plants, of course, is the need to prepare them for winter.

Regardless of the cold resistance and endurance of specific crops, it is she who is called the main guarantee of the health and beauty of plants. A thoughtful approach to such preparation is the most reliable guarantee that you will be able to admire the beauty of exotics in the coming year.

Kadochnye should come to the fore in the list of gardening hassles as soon as the weather forecast for the coming weeks appears close to zero. And it is not worth delaying the process of preparing for winter, waiting for the frosts themselves.

Many tubs exhibited in the garden for the summer, both from the number of typical horticultural crops, and from greenhouses or indoor assortment, do not tolerate delays. Even if they are so cold-resistant that they can "stretch" and extend the garden season for a few more weeks, you will have to do the insulation of containers, and sometimes the crowns of plants.

Of course, the longer it is possible to leave the plants in the fresh air, the better they will be hardened, the less the risk of pests remaining on the leaves. But no one can guarantee you that such tempering experiments will not lead to serious injuries to the plants themselves.

Preparation of tubs in warm southern regions is actually reduced only to protection from cold weather. But in the middle lane, the harsh climate requires much more serious measures.

In the process of preparing for the winter of all perennial tub plants, there are two main principles - timeliness and lack of haste. Moreover, they do not contradict each other at all.

It is not enough to bring the plants into the room on time: they need to be gradually, smoothly prepared for the new, most difficult period of the year for them. Both the preparation time for winter and the observance of all components of this process are extremely important for the health of plants, not only their aesthetic characteristics or the ability to bloom depend on them, but the very ability to survive the winter.

In preparing garden tubs for the winter season, 6 main components can be distinguished:

  1. The correct timing of the introduction of tub plants from the garden.
  2. Warming for those plants that will remain in the garden or winter in the air.
  3. Trimming and sanitizing tubs.
  4. Drying the earthen coma and placing the plant in the buffer zone.
  5. Selection of conditions and places for wintering for each plant.
  6. Transfer of plants to the winter mode of care.

Let's get acquainted with the nuances of each of these "blocks" of preparing tub plants for winter closer.

Cooking in the country

Cooking in the country.

The hottest summer cottage time has come. After winter, there is so much to do in the garden and in the garden, to put everything in order and to do the planting. However, you must definitely find the time to arrange picnic in the country and rest a little.
Let's make a delicious chicken pastroma, it will almost become a restaurant dish. Everyone will love it.

Chicken Pastroma. We take chicken fillet two or three pieces, garlic, salt, favorite spices, a little vegetable oil.
We wash the fillet, dry it a little and rub it with the prepared mixture.
For the mixture, mix the indicated products and leave for a couple of hours to marinate.

In the meantime, we warm up the oven to 220 degrees. We take a baking sheet, cover it with foil and place the prepared fillet.
We put it in the oven for 15 minutes, then turn off the oven, cover the fillet with foil and leave it for five hours. Do not open the oven. It turns out tasty. Can be used for breakfast in the country instead of sausage. Try to cook.

Chicken breast on skewers. You will also like the second recipe. How to cook chicken breast on skewers.


Required products -500 gr. chicken breasts. To prepare the marinade, take a tablespoon each of mayonnaise, soy sauce and mustard, a couple of chives, black pepper, turmeric and ground coriander. Rub a little ginger root on a grater. Mix everything for the marinade. Cut the chicken breast into pieces and mix well with the marinade. We leave to marinate for a couple of hours.

Then we take the skewers, string the chicken meat. Cooking in the country can be in the oven on a baking sheet or outdoors on charcoal. Vegetables and any fresh herbs are well suited for a side dish. Bon appetit and good spring mood

  • 1. Sanitize trees and shrubs. In fruit trees, cut diseased and dry branches into a ring. Clean the sections with a garden knife and disinfect with a solution of copper sulfate (1 tsp per liter of water). Remove overgrowth, excess shoots, dead and diseased branches from shrubs. After a few hours, cover sections of a large area with garden pitch.
  • 2. If you vaccinated fruit trees in the spring, by the fall the scion will reach more than half a meter in height. Therefore, the pegs standing nearby must be replaced with higher ones and the shoots must be tied, giving them a strictly vertical position. If the strapping material cuts into the barrel, loosen it.

Apple orchard in November after the start of frost

  • 3. Cut out the fruit-bearing shoots raspberries and blackberry. Bend annual shoots to the ground so that they winter better.
  • 4. Remove pests from the bark of fruit trees. First of all, carefully examine the bark of the boles and the bases of the skeletal branches. You will see how many pests have chosen fruit trees for their wintering. These are caterpillars of the apple and plum moth, and sawflies, and the gooseberry moth, and the spider mite, and many others. Destroy their "winter quarters": peel off on a piece of thick paper, and then burn. Those who are located in the soil will be killed by frost if the trunk circles and aisles are dug up. And sanitary autumn pruning will save from berry bushes wintering under the bark.
  • 5. For the prevention of diseases, you can spray the trunks and skeletal branches of trees with a solution of ferrous sulfate.
  • 6. Prepare roses for winter. In order for them to winter well, it is necessary to remove all unripe inflorescences from polyanthus and miniature roses, and cut hybrid tea half a meter from the ground, cutting out all soft shoots. Then the rose bushes are spud 20-25 centimeters with earth and another 10 centimeters with peat. A good shelter for roses is spruce branches, it will hold the snow and will not allow it to thicken. In addition to spruce branches, a film is usually required in our area. But you should not cover roses with it until the beginning of stable subzero temperatures, so that they do not start to rot.
  • 7. Remove low-winter vines from the supports: honeysuckle-capriol, lemongrassclimbing shoots roses.Clematis must be trimmed first. Lay the whips on the ground, spreading sphagnum moss, leaves or spruce branches so that they do not freeze. Do not use sawdust, hay or straw, as they will damp, which will not promote good wintering. Vines of winter-hardy species, taken from supports, can not be covered with anything: they winter well and so.
  • 8. Dried corms gladioli sort by grade in nylon bags and place in boxes. Close the boxes with lids and wrap with newsprint to help the insecticide evaporate more slowly. Optimum storage temperature is 1–5 ° С, relative air humidity is about 80%.
  • 9.Store the dahlias. When night frosts will damage most of the leaves dahlias, dig out their tubers, cut off the shoots 4-5 cm above the root collar. Rinse them, cut out the damaged parts, sprinkle the cuts with crushed coal. After that, the tubers are dried in a cool room (+ 5-12 ° C) for about two weeks. Now they can be put away for winter storage.
  • 10. Dug tubers crocosmia (montbrecia) and begonias dry. The optimum storage temperature for them is + 2-8 ° C.
  • 11. Rhizomes dug out at the end of September anemones crown and root tubers of Asiatic buttercup after digging, they are washed, treated in a fungicide solution and dried to the state of "croutons". They can then be folded into a box and stored until spring at room temperature.
  • 12. Bring bushes to the ground that require shelter for the winter - roses, actions, kerria, weigelu, spirea slimy, wake up etc. For this, it is convenient to use "spears" from gnarled tree branches.

Hydrangea paniculata in October

  • 13. Cut off the aerial portion of perennial herbaceous plants, leaving shoots approximately 8-10 cm long... Have phlox,aconites, sank into, rudbeck, echinacea leaves up to 10-15 cm of stems.
  • 14. Korean chrysanthemums bloom until late autumn, but before the onset of frost they must be cutb at a height of 5-10 cm and mulch with a layer of peat.
  • 15. Spud 15-20 cm lilies, clematis, rosesand rooted cuttings, cover them with lapnikom so that they do not freeze in winter. It is not worth starting to shelter the bulbous ones before the ground freezes a little, otherwise they will begin to grow in warm weather, and then nothing will save them from freezing.
  • 16. With the onset of frost, cover rosesspruce branches, dry leaves or other covering materials... It is important not to cover the plants ahead of time so that they do not start to rot.
  • 17. Planting bulbous - tulips, daffodils, hyacinths (especially on an alpine slide) - with the onset of frost, cover with leaves or wood chips with a layer of 10-15 cm. Press on top with spruce branches.
  • 18. Mulch the problem perennials with moss, shavings or leaf litter from healthy trees - incarvillea, varietal echinacea, capricious highlanders. With the onset of stable frosts, they will also need to be covered with lutrasil. It is also advisable to cover lilies, platycodon, phloxes young tree hydrangeasas well as large-leaved hydrangeas.
  • 19. Sprinkle soil under perennials and flower gardens.
  • 20. Add dolomite flour to the soil for mature trees and bushes of fruit crops. This fertilizer is necessary to deoxidize the soil.
  • 21. If you are going to sow greens before winter, prepare the beds. Plant residues in the soil to warm the seedlings in the spring.
  • 22. In the dug and fertilized soil in mid-November, sowastru Chinese, calendula, fragrant tobacco and other cold-resistant annuals.
  • 23. If you are going to sow flowers with small seeds in small quantities before winter (bells, foxgloves etc.), dig containers with soil into the garden bed up to the shoulders. Then in the spring you will not "lose" the seedlings. Place a bucket of soil or peat in a heated room to fill in the seeds later.

Seeds of an annual aster or callistefus

  • 24. Prepare the ground for planting next year... Dig the ground to a depth of 25-30 cm without breaking the clods. So the soil will freeze better and accumulate more moisture when the snow melts in spring. Apply organic or mineral fertilizers.
  • 25. Prepare planting holes for the spring planting of fruit tree seedlings.
  • 26. Dig up the soil in the trunks of mature trees and bushes... Do not break the clods. The top layer of the earth will freeze better, and this will destroy the pests hibernating in it.
  • 27. Remove overwintering nests of hawthorn, goldtail, and mummified fruits from trees and shrubs. Burn them. If there were trapping belts on the trees, they also need to be removed and burned.
  • 28. Use a rake to remove dry leaves, dead grass and moss from the lawn... Refresh the "bald" areas: reseed them.
  • 29. Place the residues in the compost heap, remaining after harvest. You can also put fallen leaves there.
  • 30. Shovel the compost. To enhance the processes of decay, it can be spilled with a solution - 2 cubic cm of yeast and 400 g of granulated sugar per 10 liters. water. Consumption - 3 buckets per 1 cu. m of compost. In this case, the compost will not freeze until severe frost.
  • 31. If the fallen leaves look healthy and not wet, scoop them up into piles and cover with foil, so as not to get wet. They will be useful to you to cover non-resistant plants.
  • 32. Collect and bury fallen fruit damaged by disease or rot. The same should be done with rotten fruits remaining on the trees. The discarded leaves infected with pests can simply be burned.
  • 33. Mulch the tree trunks of fruit crops, especially prone to freezing. You can use bark or dry leaves as mulch.
  • 34. Whitewash the stems and bases of skeletal branches in fruit trees (apple trees,drain and others). This will protect them from damage - not only by frost, but also by the burning spring sun.
  • 35. Tie the branches of columnar shrubs and conifers with twineso that the snow does not spoil their shapes.

  • 36. To prevent the branches of shrubs and trees from breaking off under the weight of snow, substitute supports or frames under them. The branches can be tied with twine, twine or covering material.
  • 37. To protect against rodents, tie the trunks and bases of branches of young trees with spruce branches (top down), cut branches raspberries,blackberry, wormwood, reed, tar paper or netting. This must be done with the onset of stable frosts. The protective covering should be firmly attached to the bark of the tree.
  • 38. At the end of October, spray the trees with a solution of ferrous sulfate (300 g per 10 liters of water) to protect them from pathogens of many diseases.
  • 39. Cover with loose dry material when it snows - spruce branches, needles (but not sawdust) - beds with strawberries.
  • 40. Install wind shields to protect heat-loving plants, sketch foliage, branches, spruce branches on the beds.
  • 41. Bring containers with cold-tolerant subtropical plant species into your homeremaining before frost in the fresh air: boxwood, laurel, aucuba, cryptomeria.
  • 42. Place in a cold room for the winter fuchsia and pelargonium, that you want to keep until next season.
  • 43. Drain water from outdoor water pipesso that the water does not tear them apart. Empty buckets, barrels, tanks and other containers and turn them over. Disconnect irrigation hoses, fold and store. This must be done before severe frosts.

  • 44. Leave all taps open for the that the taps do not burst in winter.
  • 45. Take care of your garden tools. Clean them from the ground, wash, lubricate the blades of shovels, hoes, shovels, sharpen pruners and garden saws. Replace broken cuttings from tools and store all inventory in dry storage.
  • 46. Dry and remove empty boxes, covering material and film.
  • 47. Store greenhouse frame fences... For disinfection, they need to be smeared with a 3-5% solution of copper sulfate (30-50 grams per 1 liter of water), dried and folded under a canopy or in a shed until next winter.
  • 48. Monitor temperature and humidity in basements and storage areas. The optimum humidity for storing vegetables is 90-95%, and the temperature is +1. -2 ° C. If the temperature rises above 5 ° C, increase the ventilation.
  • 49. Check the stored crop at least twice a month, as well as tubers, corms and rhizomes. Take away the rotten ones and throw them away.
  • 50. Store (put in a basement or other frost-free room) heat-loving pond plants.

Watch the video: How To Make FRENCH FRIES in an AIR FRYER

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