Mulberry (Morus), or mulberry tree, is the main representative of the Mulberry family. Grows in temperate and subtropical conditions. Wild mulberry plantations are found in Africa, Asia and North America.

The plant is valuable because of the delicious juicy fruits that ripen in the place of the inflorescences. In addition, mulberry is decorative and has beneficial properties. Plant raw materials are used in industry. The silkworm butterflies, which are responsible for the production of silk fabric, feed on the leaves of the mulberry tree.

Description of the tree

Mulberry has a wide crown of branched shoots. The height of mature trees ranges from 10-15 m. Young seedlings in the first years of life maximize the crown and foliage. In one place, trees can grow for a long time. There is even mention of bicentennial and 300-year-old copies.

Branches are covered with brownish bark, which cracks over time. It begins to flake off only in old trees. Shoots are overgrown with oval leaves with a petiole base. The arrangement of the leaves is alternate. Outside and inside, the leaves are lined with relief mosaics and veins a tone lighter than the leaf blade itself. The borders are jagged, the underside is light green. The size does not exceed 15 cm.

With the arrival of April or May, small flowers form on the shoots. The stamens, showing heads from the center of the bud, gather in tiny spikelets, similar to ruffled panicles that hang from long legs. There are monoecious and dioecious plant species. The latter include both male trees, incapable of bearing fruit, and female seedlings.

Inflorescences are pollinated by insects, pollen is also carried by the wind. Upon completion of budding, berries are formed with a diameter not exceeding 5 cm. They look like drupes, tightly pressed against each other. Drupes are attached to short legs. The color of the fruit varies from red to dark purple. There is even a white drupe. The taste of berries is sweet with sourness, reminiscent of a blackberry. The aroma is strongly pronounced. Although mulberries are not very popular, they can be eaten. The height of the tree and the size of the berries are determined by the climatic characteristics of the area where the crop is grown and the type of soil. The southern garden dwellers bring the best harvest.

Mulberry. Planting and caring for mulberries

Mulberry cultivation

Mulberry cultivation is carried out by seed and vegetative method. Landing arrangements will not take much time.

Freshly harvested seeds are suitable for sowing, which are pre-dried, peeled and sent to the ground in the autumn or spring. The preparatory stage of the seed is the condition of stratification. If the material is sown before winter, the seeds will be hardened in their natural environment. For planting in the spring, they are kept in a refrigerator for 4-6 weeks. When the soil is prepared, the seeds are poured into the grooves and sprayed with a growth promoter.

The mulberry growing area should be well lit. Dig the grooves to a depth of at least 3 cm and distribute the achenes evenly. Cover with an earthen layer on top and mulch immediately. When the sun's rays warm up the soil, the first shoots begin to appear. Care measures include watering, weeding, fertilizing and weeding. In a few months, the seedlings will be ready for transplanting. The distances from one bush to another are maintained from 3 to 5 m, which will allow in the future to avoid the plexus of the crowns of neighboring trees. Mulberry seedlings bear fruit in 5 years.

The seed method of growing does not allow preserving varietal characteristics. The more common method is vegetative propagation.

Rooting cuttings

Cuttings are harvested in the summer. Choose green shoots with multiple leaves. The length of the cuttings is 15-20 cm. They are planted in greenhouses in holes dug up to a depth of 3 cm. The remaining leaves are almost halved. Rooting is faster if the soil is kept moist at all times. Some gardeners install an automatic water spray in their greenhouses, which creates a specific microclimate for the plants. In September, the roots of the plant will grow back enough and acquire shoots. They are transplanted to the site in the next season, when the seedlings get stronger.

Root offspring

Trees tend to produce root growth over time, which is used by gardeners to propagate crops. Half-meter seedlings are carefully dug out so as not to disturb the root structure, and transferred to another place. Young bushes will develop much better if they are shortened by a third.

Vaccinations

Gardeners often plant cultivated trees and shrubs on the stock. This is the name of the plant to which you want to graft the required variety. All branches are preliminarily cut on it. On a scion containing a pair of buds, sections are made obliquely. Then the sections are connected and both seedlings are wrapped with a special tape. As a rule, the splicing of mulberry varieties takes several months. When the process is successfully completed, the tape can be removed. In the grafted variety, the lower branches are cut if they begin to form.

Planting and caring for mulberries

Mulberry quickly gets used to a new place if planting is postponed to a later autumn period. As soon as winter is over, the shoots will build up in mass. However, it is also allowed to carry out spring planting of mulberries, when sap flow has not yet begun through the canals of the trees. If the choice is made in favor of nurseries, here it is better to give preference to plants that have reached the age of four, which have yielded fruits.

Mulberry loves sunlight and does not tolerate drafts. The substrate must be breathable and have good fertility. Sandstone or saline soil types inhibit the plant and prevent it from developing. Poor soil types are enriched with organic matter and mineral fertilizers, for example, superphosphate.

Watering

More intensive watering is organized at the time of budding and maturation of drupes. However, excess moisture adversely affects the taste of the fruit, which becomes watery and tasteless. In July or August, trees are watered only under prolonged drought conditions.

Top dressing

Several times mulberries are fed with nitrogen fertilizers. When the season is already declining, phosphorus and potassium compounds are added to the site. To provide the roots with air access and good nutrition, the soil around the trunk circle is weeded.

Pruning

Spring maintenance of mulberries includes pruning broken and deformed branches. In the case when the purpose of growing mulberries is to obtain a harvest, it is necessary to form a bushy crown in order to simplify the collection of berries. Pruning is usually painless. Shoot recovery takes little time. Thinning and rejuvenation of the crown is a prerequisite for the full growth of the tree.

Diseases and pests

The culture is practically not susceptible to disease. However, planting mulberries in low-lying damp areas often leads to infection with powdery mildew, brown spot and bacteriosis. The danger to the leaves is the mulberry mushroom, the destruction of which is achieved by spraying the vegetative parts with fungicidal preparations.

Trees are also attacked by harmful insects. Mulberry leaves and fruits attract spider mites, American white butterfly and mulberry moth. You can stop their spread with regular insecticide treatments. Prevention begins in early spring.

Types and varieties of mulberry with photo

As for the classification differentiation, information in botanical sources is still different. Some of them mention only a few dozen species of mulberry tree, while others claim that there are about two hundred species and varieties of mulberry.

Black mulberry (Morus nigra)

The branches rise above the ground to a height of more than 10 m. The crown is covered with lush ovoid leaves. Ripe elongated drupes are sweet in taste. The varieties of this type include:

  • mulberry Kherson - a frost-resistant plant with low spreading branches and juicy large drupes;
  • The Black Baroness endures the winter. The berries ripen early and have a sweet and sour taste;
  • Dark-skinned - a tall mulberry tree with black fruits;
  • Staromoskovskaya mulberry has a spherical crown and bears fruit with medium-sized purple drupes.

White mulberry (Morus alba)

Mature trees are tall enough, covered with a layer of brown bark. Leafy branches. The size of the leaves is about 10-15 cm. The shoots that yield the harvest are shorter than the vegetative branches. White mulberry belongs to the group of dioecious plants and blooms in mid-spring. The fruits ripen in June when the weather is favorable. The shape of the berries is complex and is presented in the form of drupes up to 4 cm long, cylindrically pressed against each other, painted in white or pink. It is the sweetest of all mulberry varieties. Distinguish:

  • mulberry Golden with vegetative parts of the same color;
  • White honey has a spreading head of shoots and bears fruit with snow-white sweet "blackberries";
  • Victoria is a medium-sized mulberry tree with juicy large berries 5 cm long;
  • Weeping mulberry is valued for its decorative effect. The stems look drooping. The height of the tree does not exceed 5 m.

Red mulberry (Morus rubra)

Demonstrates frost resistance. The origin of the species begins in the corners of North America. The plant is quite compact, but the crown still takes up a lot of space. The wide leaves grow in dyne from 7 to 14 cm. The color is saturated green. Fruit ripening occurs in July. Bard drupes are small and sweet and tasty.

Useful properties of mulberry

The overgrowth of the tree contains many useful biologically active components. Mulberry fruits normalize the digestive and choleretic processes in the body, increase blood pressure and blood sugar.

Green drupes are also useful for those who have intestinal problems. Ripe fruits make the stool thinner. Decoctions are prepared on the basis of berries. They have a calming effect and help people with insomnia. Mulberry infusions charge the body with vigor and improve well-being after hard physical labor.

Not only mulberries have medicinal properties. The foliage and bark of the mulberry tree are also used to make medicinal concoctions that are effective expectorants. The green parts of the plant lower blood pressure and blood sugar levels.

Mulberry berries | Useful properties of mulberry berries | Mulberry

Contraindications

Mulberry should be used with caution in the presence of individual intolerance to substances. Otherwise, allergic reactions may occur. Overeating berries causes diarrhea.


Fruit and berry exotic plants in our garden ..

# 1 lin77

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    I now want a mulberry for myself, but I don't know how it grows with us, and where to buy it. Can someone tell about her from whom she grows.

    # 3 lin77

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    # 4 ekaterinar

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    where did you buy honeysuckle? Is it tasty?

    # 5 lin77

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    I now want a mulberry for myself, but I don't know how it grows with us, and where to buy it. Can someone tell you about her from whom she grows.

    # 6 Kationa82

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    Mulberry grows beautifully in our climate, I remember in my childhood I ran to the private sector to eat it, it grew along the edge of the road, and even now it grows there

    very tall trees grow.

    # 7 Queen

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    Mulberry grows beautifully in our climate, I remember in my childhood I ran to the private sector to eat it, it grew along the edge of the road, and even now it grows there

    very tall trees grow.


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    # 8 ekaterinar

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    Mulberry grows beautifully in our climate, I remember in my childhood I ran to the private sector to eat it, it grew along the edge of the road, and even now it grows there

    very tall trees grow.

    and I wonder how it tastes. In the net they praise

    # 9 Dima

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    And I have two apricots growing, they have taken root perfectly) I ordered 20 more trees to be planted this year.

    # 10 Kationa82

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    Mulberry grows beautifully in our climate, I remember in my childhood I ran to the private sector to eat it, it grew along the edge of the road, and even now it grows there

    very tall trees grow.

    As for me, they resemble blackberries, but very sweet

    # 11 lin77

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    where did you buy honeysuckle? Is it tasty?

    # 12 galina101

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    I really like mulberries, indeed, they do not look like blackberries, only the shape of the berry is slightly elongated. The mulberry tree is correctly called. And I also love Irga. Although it is perhaps not exotic. But the berry is very tasty and healthy. Dumplings are very tasty from it.

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    # 13 lin77

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    # 14 Queen

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    we have irgo planted everything near the house, since grandmother's time. but I can't eat in any way. does not have time to ripen, the birds sweep away. To be honest, its taste is none. I like a little sourness in the berries.


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    # 15 alba

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    I have already bothered everyone with my "mountain ash passions". But - I did not expect - that a good varietal mountain ash is now equated with garden exotics!

    All I want is a decorative tree. undersized.with delicious fruits. and useful.

    Here. I'll throw off my Wishlist a little here.
    From the Internet.

    Rowan is a natural concentrate of vitamins that are very important for humans. Its fruits contain a lot of P-active substances (1200-1700 mg%) and carotene (12-28 mg%). The seeds of its fruits are high in vitamin E, which is an active bioantioxidant. It is known that northern crops, and mountain ash are no exception, have a very good balance of vitamins C, A, P and E. The interaction of vitamins E and A in its fruits ensures the stability of the body's immune system.

    Rowan fruits contain a lot of sugars, organic acids with bactericidal properties, as well as calcium, iodine and especially iron (3-4 times more than apples). They also contain sorbitol - a sugar substitute for patients with diabetes mellitus, which has not been found anywhere other than seaweed. An important chemical component of its fruits is pectins, which are capable of gelling in the presence of sugars and organic acids. The most delicious fruits are found in the varieties Angri, Businka, Vefed, Rubinovaya, Sakharnaya Petrova. If the fruits of Rubinova are put in a gauze bag under a hot battery, then, as they dry up, they become like raisins. Varieties also differ in yield. The most productive are Burka, Businka, Scarlet large, in which at the age of 20 years the yield reaches 150 kg per tree, and each shield with fruits often weighs 400 g or more. At the same time, the varieties enter fruiting - at 3-4 years after planting the grafted seedling in the garden, Pomegranate, Burka begin to bear fruit, on the 6th - Businka, Titan, Scarlet large, and the rest - at 7–8 years. It is important that the trees of varieties are usually lower than the wild-growing species of mountain ash, for example, in Granatnaya, Angri, Titan and Sorbinka, the height is 3-3.5 m, in Vefed - 2.5-3 m, and Rubinovaya varieties are generally dwarf type - 2 , 1-2.3 m.Daughter Kubova and Businka have vigorous trees - 6-7 m.

    The fruits of most varieties of mountain ash are simply "in their pure form", as we consume other gifts of the garden, until you eat too much, they are more suitable for various preparations, which stand out for their originality and piquancy of taste. Varieties Titan, Scarlet Large and Burka are recommended for making juices, Businka and Sorbinka for mashed potatoes, Titan is also used for cooking seasonings, Angri is suitable for jam, marmalades, the fruits of this variety are good and mashed with sugar. And, of course, you can make original jam from each variety.

    New varieties are highly adaptable to unfavorable growing conditions (temperature extremes, frost, drought), which largely determines their regular and abundant fruiting.

    So far, the varietal rowan in the gardens is rarely found. And it's a pity, because it is not only completely edible and fruitful, but its fruits are also much more dietary than wild ones. The fact is that the excessive bitterness of mountain ash is created by parasorbic acid, which, apparently, is toxic and causes a feverish state. In the fruits of the converted, varietal rowan, this acid is less, which means that they are safer. At the same time, the composition and amount of biologically active substances in the fruits of varietal mountain ash, although they differ by varieties, nevertheless turn out to be quite high, close to the composition of fruits of wild mountain ash.

    Have a goal ?! Go to her! It is impossible to go to her? Crawl to her! Can't crawl to her? Lie down and lie in the direction of the target!


    Fruit and berry exotic plants in our garden ..

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    # 82 Queen

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    # 83 Queen

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    # 84 lin77

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    # 85 Queen

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    yes, not at all! I also want all this. just need to figure out where to plant


    A person has two lives, and the second begins when we understand that there is only one life.
    

    # 86 galina101

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    Today I bought just such an exotic IMG_5102.JPG 361.78K 0 Number of downloads:

    I read it, fresh berries are poisonous, I was upset. But perhaps I will try. Very useful, as they say! In addition, it begins to bear fruit in the second year.

    If in life something not glued, throw away glue . Take nails and do not mind it

    # 87 Queen

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    and my little goji stayed in the greenhouse for the winter. no watering, no snow. will they survive?


    A person has two lives, and the second begins when we understand that there is only one life.
    

    # 88 galina101

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    I had to cover with something, at least spruce branches or straw. And I always throw snow into my greenhouse when it falls a lot.

    If in life something not glued, throw away glue . Take nails and do not mind it

    # 89 Queen

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    Well, now as it will be. Maybe they will survive.


    A person has two lives, and the second begins when we understand that there is only one life.
    

    # 90 lin77

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    Today I bought just such an exotic IMG_5102.JPG

    I read it, fresh berries are poisonous, I was upset. But perhaps I will try. Very useful, as they say! In addition, it begins to bear fruit in the second year.

    well, not entirely poisonous. from a dozen berries there will be no harm (as they write). I also planted it for myself and was also slightly upset at the beginning, then I read it in more depth and decided to leave it.

    # 91 galina101

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    Thank you, Lena, I'm not for myself, I'm afraid for my future grandchildren.

    If in life something not glued, throw away glue . Take nails and do not mind it

    # 92 lin77

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    # 93 Kationa82

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    and I decided to try this one IMG_20170131_143151.jpg Last year I dismissed him after reading that he (or it) is for protected ground, but recently I saw information about quite successful cultivation in open ground, so I bought it. while studying the topic.

    Flax you experiment, and if everything is successful and savory, then we will pull ourselves up

    # 94 Mikola_M

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    1. black mulberry grows for about 7 years. It bears abundantly (the main thing is that it is uneven - you can feast on it for a long time). In front of it is Catalpa, a tree whose flowers smell amazingly and for a long time.

    2. Also, for about seven years, two Ginkgo bilobo trees have been growing. Have not yet borne fruit, but the leaves are "fed"

    3. Liriodendron - a tulip tree - for the soul.

    4. From Amur Velvet (cork tree), you can make corks for certain products ..

    And there was also another gathering: sakura (large and pink flowers), a Japanese apple tree (an apple - the size of a pea) - very readily now eaten by birds ..

    Loch multiflorous (goji) - bears fruit abundantly. Silver loch - very fragrant (a gift from Mosar), wild natural lilac (yellow), etc. I can talk for a long time and invite you to fruiting / flowering (who is interested) ..

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    # 95 Kationa82

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    we have black and white mulberries growing on the next street, when we were little, we regularly cut and ate it, now they are such tall trees

    # 96 Mikola_M

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    we have black and white mulberries growing on the next street, when we were little, we regularly cut and ate it, now they are such tall trees

    So I cut it off regularly. Why be huge. especially since I always need twigs for chopping. I and the fruit are all cut off so that we practically harvest the crop without stepladders. and besides, I planted all these trees on the virgin lands of the collective farm. the first 2-3 years they practically did not grow, but just stuck in the ground.

    # 97 Queen

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    what a fine fellow you are. you have so many interesting plants! if my goji do not survive the winter, I will turn to you for berries for planting. How do tulip trees and sakura reproduce?


    A person has two lives, and the second begins when we understand that there is only one life.
    

    # 98 Kationa82

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    so those trees were planted by the city as a hedge

    # 99 kudrjasha13

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    And can you tell about Catalpa in more detail, cover for the winter, at what age did it bloom? Top dressing? She loves a sunny place for landing, as I understand it, she is a southerner.

    I have been growing for 3 years already and has not bloomed yet, and in winter the twigs freeze slightly, in the spring I will cut it off, it comes to life the very last one after walnuts, while new branches grow, it can be seen not before flowering, but maybe still young?

    # 100 Mikola_M

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    And can you tell about Catalpa in more detail, cover for the winter, at what age did it bloom? Top dressing? She loves a sunny place for landing, as I understand it, she is a southerner.

    I have been growing for 3 years already and has not bloomed yet, and in winter the twigs freeze slightly, in the spring I will cut it off, it comes to life the very last one after walnuts, while new branches grow, it can be seen not before flowering, but maybe still young?

    Yes, that's for sure, Catalpa froze over the first years of her life .. I thought everything, the end of it. But then she gave up to one and a half meters outgrowths. And then already (5-7 years have passed), she began to start up new shoots on old shoots, and not basal ones. and then it bloomed. It has been blooming for 2-3 years every year. There were 5-8 bunches of flowers. My place for her was not sunny, but calm. And, it seems, she liked it .. Top dressing? I revive the earth around the tree in organic ways (but this is a separate topic, big)


    Mulberry for the northern suburbs

    For the second year now, in the catalogs of planting material, buyers have been offered seedlings of white and black mulberry. And this fruit and berry culture is worth paying attention even to residents of areas located north of Moscow. They have been trying to tame mulberry in the northern part of Russia for a long time. Even under Ivan the Terrible, the first establishments appeared that made silk from local raw materials. This means that the first mulberries or mulberry trees appeared in Russia at this particular time.

    By the decree of Peter I, mulberries were planted in the southern regions of Russia. Some trees planted by that decree have survived to our time, but they are in Kiev. Mulberry trees are long-lived. In China, they live up to 500 years. Later plantings of mulberry trees are available in the Leningrad, Yaroslavl, Nizhny Novgorod regions, in Moscow. They are actively mastering this culture in Siberia. In total, there are 24 species of mulberry, but only three of them are used as fruit crops. Red, black and white mulberries are different species. White mulberry is the same mulberry tree on which silkworms were bred and bred in China to obtain expensive natural silk. In Russia, white and black mulberries are most often sold as planting material. But they differ not at all by the color of the berries, but by the color of the tree bark. And the berries of the white mulberry can be white, black, red and even dark purple. These fruits are called berries for their resemblance to blackberries. In fact, this similarity is not only external. In both blackberries and mulberries, the fruit is small fruits that have grown together with each other, so it is more correct to call them seed fruits.

    But do these fruits ripen north of Moscow? Of the three fruit species of mulberry trees, white mulberry turned out to be the most viable even in the north of central Russia. It is known for sure that it can withstand frosts of thirty degrees. Such frosts do occur in the Moscow region, but very rarely they are long-lasting. This means that the mulberries must survive them. But, as experience shows, for the northern regions it is better to take seedlings grown from mulberry seeds, which also grow in the northernmost places of their mass growth. If the seeds are taken from mulberries grown in warm climatic conditions, then the seedlings will be unsuitable for the winters of the middle zone, and most likely they will die. Therefore, it is better to purchase planting material in nurseries or from breeders, or from amateur gardeners. Then there will be a chance to get a tree that is sufficiently acclimatized for the middle strip.

    According to the results of monitoring mulberry seedlings in the Urals, it turned out that the leaf on white mulberries blooms at the end of May, they bloomed in late May - early June and bloomed for a week, the fruits ripened !! by mid-July and had a sweet and sour taste. It also turned out that the mulberry berries immediately attracted the thrush and other feathered sweets, so if the harvest ripens, it will have to be protected from birds by all available means. The Ural experience is quite applicable to the north of the Moscow region. Summer here can be cooler than the Ural, but winters are much milder. So it is possible and even necessary to plant white mulberry here. Indeed, in terms of yield, it has no equal.

    Mulberry seedlings need fertile soil in places where soil water is very deep underground.In places of their natural growth, mulberry trees are very demanding on soil moisture. In the dry season, they are watered there. But in central Russia, this is unlikely to be required. Although, watering is still recommended during bud break. It is better to choose a place that is sunny, protected from cold winds. It must be remembered that the mulberry tree, despite its frost resistance, is a subtropical plant and in the middle lane, it may not get heat and solar radiation, which will certainly affect its yield. There is evidence that mulberries do not bear fruit after cold years, that is, they behave like apple trees. Yields a harvest every few years.

    When planting, you need to remember that a mulberry tree grows very quickly, and the height of an adult tree is 12 m and even higher. Therefore, there should be no tall competitors nearby, and it is better to form a tree, not allowing it to grow above 3m, if there is no helicopter on the farm for harvesting. There are recommendations to grow mulberries in the Moscow region, even in the form of a bush, in order to completely cover it with snow. Mulberry is well fed with diluted poultry droppings at the rate of 10 parts of water for one part of droppings and manure, also diluted with water for one part of manure with five parts of water. The trunk circle must be cleared of weeds. By winter, if the fall is dry, the mulberries need to be watered well. It is better to wrap the trunk of a young tree with paper or natural sacking to a height of 2 m. On small seedlings, you can immediately put on a bag and tie it with twine tightly to the trunk along with branches. When the snow falls, they need to cover the tree as high as possible. The shelter should be removed around April, in cloudy weather, so that the tree does not get sunburn. Mulberry is practically not affected by any diseases in the Moscow region, but it must be remembered that there are also types of silkworms here. So in the summer you need to carefully examine the crown for the appearance of these insects and take appropriate measures in time.

    White mulberry has varieties. Very unpretentious variety Honey white. It is famous for its quick entry into fruiting (for 2 years) and its winter hardiness. Does not require shelter in winter if planted in an area protected from northerly winds. The berries are white.

    The Smuglyanka variety has purple berries. It is less winter-hardy and requires shelter for the winter. But its berries can be eaten in July, they are juicy and large.

    You can also find the Black Baroness variety, which bears fruit regularly. Its berries are dense and suitable for transportation.

    People who are prone to allergies and hypertensive patients should be careful with eating mulberries, since mulberries can cause an increase in blood pressure. Everyone else can eat fresh and processed berries without fear. And in China, the mulberry tree is considered a medicinal plant, where leaves, bark and even mulberry roots are used. Moreover, preparations from the leaves, on the contrary, lower the pressure. In general, mulberries have a very beneficial effect on strengthening the nervous system, which is very important with today's stressful level of life. So white mulberry must be planted and try to grow a tree and get harvests of such a useful berry from it, because its seedlings are quite inexpensive.


    World reserves: a record collection of mulberries and other wealth of the Ukrainian gardener

    A farmer from the Vinnitsa region takes root varieties from all over the world. The world's largest collection of mulberries is the pride of Vyacheslav Francyshk, who grows fruit and berry crops from all over the planet in a private nursery, agronews.ua reports with reference to the pro-of.

    The farmer cares for his wealth on two plots: one is on the Pochinok farm, the other, 20 acres, near Kamenets-Podolsk. In addition to rare Ukrainian varieties, the farmer grows botanical attractions from other countries and climatic zones. The gardener spends his working day among the outlandish trees and bushes that our people have never seen before. The breeder collector has not familiar to us species of hawthorn, Japanese raspberries, Tibetan and Chinese goji, almonds, figs, quince, persimmon and dates. Many exotic species and names are collected here. Among them are azimine and medlar, actinidia and carob (with fruits that resemble the taste of chocolates). Some crops start at $ 1000. “The more you manage to grow unusual seedlings, the more you get inspired for new acquisitions,” explains the gardener. New varieties appear in the farmer's collection every year: the collector calls his hobby “incurable”. The rest of the ailments, on the contrary, retreat under the pressure of a hobby. According to Vyacheslav Stanislavovich, what you love does not allow you to get sick and prolongs your life. The work of the ancestors has been feeding this family for the third generation. Apples were his parental specialization, and his son managed tall rootstocks from childhood. Hereditary gardener Vyacheslav Frantsishko from the age of seven was trained to collect fruits and plant trees.

    The farmer gets hold of the planting material from his hobby colleagues: gardeners from all over the world share with him seeds, seedlings and cuttings. This is how almost the largest collection of mulberries on the planet was gathered. The first varieties were brought from the Kharkov region: they were provided by the breeder from Merefa Galina Babaeva. Subsequently, the collection was supplemented with Turkish, Chinese, American, English, Baltic, Australian and New Zealand breeding material. The farmer cherishes the exclusive seedlings as a treasure. Heat-loving plants are grown in pots and taken out under the open sky only for the summer. So that the southern culture is not beaten by frosts, mulberries have to be gradually adapted to our winters. Fortunately, the New Zealand variety Wellington did it: the mulberry has taken root in the open field and is already bearing fruit. The owner is convinced that the taste of its small fruits is unmatched. And fruits without seeds of three established Chinese varieties are suitable for drying. The mulberry of the Kudrania variety resembles a strawberry, which is why it is called the “strawberry tree”. The owner is also very pleased with the extended fruiting season of the American Illinois variety: this mulberry gives crops all summer. Selling seedlings and fruits pays for the cost of maintaining a nursery, allowing the gardener to stand firmly on the ground.


    How can mulberry be propagated

    Mulberry is propagated by seed and vegetative way. We will describe them in more detail.

    Seed propagation

    The material is sown into the ground in autumn, fresh, free from the soft shell, dried seeds are planted. In winter, the seeds undergo natural stratification, which improves seedling. Seeds are planted in an open, sunny area. After sprouting shoots, they need special care: regular watering, weeding, top dressing. The grown and strengthened seedlings are planted at a distance of 3-5 m. In trees grown by the seed method, fruiting begins in the 5-6 year of planting. It is important to remember that propagating by seeds, the varietal characteristics of the plant are not preserved.

    How to propagate by cuttings

    A planting option that preserves the characteristics of the species is vegetative. Cuttings are harvested in the summer. For these purposes, young shoots about 20 cm long are used. The branches are deepened by 3-5 centimeters into prepared, well-drained soil. In cool weather, the containers are best kept in a greenhouse. Up to 3 leaves are left on the shoot, which are shortened by half the length. Well-rooted seedlings that have given new shoots of shoots are planted in open ground for the next spring.

    Mulberries can be planted with root shoots. An adult plant often has root branches, which are used for propagation. In the middle of spring, a half-meter shoot with a developed root system is dug. The branches are shortened by 1/3, transplanted to a stationary place. Over time, the seedling takes root, gives new shoots.


    Useful properties of white mulberry

    The medicinal properties of mulberry trees have been known for a long time. The use of fresh berries helps to improve the general condition of a person. White mulberry helps to normalize the nervous system. It is included in weight loss diets. Low-calorie berry perfectly normalizes metabolism. In addition, the plant cleanses the intestines and promotes the elimination of toxins. Mulberries are most often consumed fresh. It is also cooked. It is suitable for future workpieces. You can make juices, syrups, preserves and marmalades. Wines and liqueurs have an exquisite taste. It is also dried. As such, it is used instead of sugar. White mulberry is irreplaceable in cosmetology. It is included in various hair, face and body masks.

    However, with all the advantages, one should not forget about the individual characteristics of the organism. Like any drug, the use of mulberry also has contraindications. Excessive use can be harmful. The berries are not advised to be used by diabetics. Dried mulberry leaves will be more useful for them.


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