Canadian Blueberry forte is a name familiar to many, probably because of the biological additive of the same name that improves vision, but is not included in its composition. However, few people have heard of Sunberry, although all these names refer to the same plant, and it is not easy to find seeds of this berry in specialized summer cottages. What is it? Delicious berry or vegetable? Sunberry is credited with many healing qualities, but few are satisfied with its taste. However, Sunberry bushes can be found more and more often in personal plots. This means that it still takes root in our gardens.
In 1905, breeder and real adventure gardener Luther Burbank set out to create a new variety of hardy and edible nightshade from two completely unsuitable, but not poisonous species of nightshade - European small (which made it edible and transmitted its taste) and African (provided a new variety with large and decorative fruits, well resistant to diseases and unfavorable conditions).
Sunberry and French Fries Creator - Luther Burbank
By the way, the author of the beloved French fries is precisely Luther Burbank, who created a potato variety called Russet Burbank, which has found wide application in the McDonald's network. But if Russet Burbank has gained worldwide recognition, then Sunberry fans are much less than its opponents.
Many gardeners frankly do not understand the taste of ripe berries, calling it fresh with an unpleasant bitterness. But some claim that the berry is very useful, because it contains the same substances that are found in the hormones secreted by the adrenal glands, prolonging our youth and making us invulnerable to many ailments.
Sunberry berries of amazing color and ambiguous taste
Sunberry is called Canadian blueberry forte, but blueberry lovers will be upset as Sunberry has nothing to do with blueberry per se. Perhaps the dark purple color prompted someone to think of another name for Sunberry.
Blueberry - belongs to the Heather family (blueberries, cranberries, blueberries), and Sunberry belongs to the Solanaceae family (tomato, eggplant, potatoes). Thus, Sunberry is more a vegetable than a berry. There are still many opinions that Sunberry is a perennial tree. But this is also a delusion, since a bush that reaches 1.5 meters in height is the simplest annual like an eggplant or tomato, which can withstand short-term frosts up to minus 5 Cabout, and at a lower temperature it completely dies.
The Sunberry bush is tall and looks decorative during the flowering period.
Sunberry is a bush at least one meter high, resembling a slender young tree. The stalk is thick, tetrahedral; powerful stepchildren grow from the axils of the leaves. Leaves are ovate with a pointed end.
Sunberry bush during flowering and fruit pouring
Sunberry blooms with white flowers that are very similar to potato flowers. At the peak of flowering, the bush resembles a plant for a flower bed - it has a beautiful decorative look.
Sunberry color is similar to potato color
There are about 15 flowers in the inflorescence. The berries ripen in clusters not evenly, but throughout the entire period until growth stops due to frost. The berries are similar in size to large black currants.
Sunberry bunch with ripe fruits
All parts of the Sunberry plant, except for the root system, are used for medicinal purposes: stems, flowers, ripe fruits and leaves. It is important to remember that Sunberry is a nightshade whose berries are poisonous when unripe. Ripe berries are considered to be completely soft. The situation is similar with tomatoes: the unripe fruit is hard, while the ripe fruit is soft. Even at technical maturity, the berries do not lose their specific flavor, which can be removed by immersing them in boiling water for several minutes.
Sunberry fruits at the ripening stage
In addition to calcium, iron, magnesium and potassium, Sunberry contains many other rare elements:
Scientists claim that Sunberry contains almost all the complex of elements necessary for good health. To do this, you need to eat only a few ripe berries per day.
Sunberry crops are always bountiful
In many countries of the world, the Sunberry berry is famous and is actively used by the population because of its healing properties:
Sunberry, like all nightshades, has a long growing season of 120–150 days, so if it is grown by sowing in the ground, the berries simply may not ripen. The best way to grow Blueberry Forte is via seedlings.
Sunberry, when cut, resembles the structure of tomato fruits.
Sunberry seeds are sown at the same time as tomatoes (late February or early March). The plant emerges and develops as actively as tomatoes. If you plant earlier than the specified time, then by the time the seedlings are planted in the ground, the Sunberry seedlings will outgrow, the soil volume of the seedling cups will be exhausted. Then the growth of the plant and its development will slow down, and this will negatively affect the amount of the crop. Strong seedlings are the key to a rich harvest for any crop.
Sunberry has large seeds that are easy to plant
To grow blueberry forte seedlings, take a nutritious earthy mixture for vegetable seedlings, which is sold in any gardening store, and fill a pre-prepared box with it. Then the soil is watered and seeds are sown on its surface. Cover them with a layer of earth up to 1 cm, lightly press down.
The container is covered with plastic wrap or glass, which must be removed daily, remove condensation drops from the surface and simply ventilate the container with planted Sunberry seeds. On the fifth day after sowing, the first shoots are already beginning to appear. During this period, it is important not to allow the soil to dry out, but also to avoid excessive waterlogging.
The first shoots of Sunberry
Usually in mid-March there is enough daylight for the plants to develop well without additional lighting. And so that all the seedlings have enough light, you need to put a special foil screen, which you can make yourself by wrapping baking foil on cardboard. This measure will prevent the seedlings from pulling towards the light.
The reflective foil screen prevents the seedlings from pulling out, enhancing their growth
With the appearance of three true leaves, the seedlings dive into separate containers with a volume of up to 0.5 liters. To do this, the seedling cups are filled with nutritious soil, and with the help of a special thin spatula or an ordinary tablespoon, each seedling is separated from the root system and planted in a glass, sprinkled with earth, slightly squeezed and watered well.
Sunberry seedlings cut open, ready to be planted in the ground
With the arrival of warmth (early May), Sunberry seedlings can be planted in the ground. In May, return frosts rarely occur in central Russia. Even if this happens, young plants will not be affected, since Sunberry is not only drought tolerant, but also not at all afraid of spring frosts.
Sunberry planting pattern: 80 centimeters between bushes and 1.5 meters between rows. Such a long distance is a necessity due to the massive growth of the plant. If you reduce it, the bushes will shade each other, and the berries will not receive enough light, which will delay the ripening time.
Planting seedlings in the ground is done by the transshipment method. First, a hole is dug into the ground 15–20 centimeters deep, and it is spilled well. Then they take a glass with seedlings, grip the stem with the index and middle fingers, and turn the contents of the glass onto the palm, place the extracted plant in the hole and fill it up.
Plant transshipment is the safest and most painless method of planting seedlings
By the time of planting, the roots of the seedling almost completely fill the volume of the planting glass. The transshipment does not damage the root system of the plant.
Sunberry is a hardy species of nightshade, so it does not need additional watering or pest control. Bushes do not attack bacterial diseases or pests, and it can grow in the most infertile soil. During active growth, powerful stepsons are formed on the bush, which need to be supported in the form of long wooden slingshots, especially during the period of fruit growth. Experts say that berries can be eaten no earlier than the end of September, when they become soft. Otherwise, there is a risk of berry poisoning.
Sunberry bushes bloom continuously, so from September the flowers must be cut, otherwise, even if they give ovaries, the berries will not have time to ripen well to constant sub-zero temperatures. This measure contributes to the fact that the plants direct all their forces into the ripening of already formed berries.
In regions where early autumn frosts are possible, the berries are picked with a brush and laid out on the windowsill for ripening. In a warm room, they, like tomatoes, will fully ripen and be suitable for use. With the arrival of severe frosts, the bush completely dies, turning into organic fertilizer for the earth.
Forte blueberries are high-yielding and unpretentious. For areas with poor soils, this is a real find that will always give a decent harvest. With a certain technology, delicious jam or juice is obtained from it. Fresh berries have a specific taste that few people like. Sunberry and blueberry share only color, but they are completely different cultures in both appearance and taste. Everyone will decide for himself whether it is worth growing a Sunberry on his site.
My name is Elena. Working with texts is probably my calling, and working in the garden and vegetable garden is a balm for the soul.
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Among the advantages of blueberries are its healing and dietary properties:
Blueberry leaves forte:
Sunberry is used in folk medicine:
Berries have some disadvantages:
More and more gardeners are trying to plant exotic trees and shrubs in their summer cottage. They become a decoration of the garden, delight with juicy and tasty fruits. Among the successfully proven plants, the blueberry forte plant stands out. On the territory of the European part, it is little known, and it has no similarity with a well-known medical preparation. However, those who are already growing the culture imported from afar were able to appreciate the dietary and medicinal qualities of its berries.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the American breeder Luther Burbank came up with the idea to cross two completely unsuitable, but non-poisonous varieties of nightshade - African and small-fruited creeping European. The first was to provide the resulting variety with large berries that are resistant to adverse weather conditions and diseases, the second was to convey its taste and make it edible. Encouraged by his experience in breeding seedless plums and thornless cacti, he set to work. As a result of fruitful activity, in 1905 he managed to get a new shrub species of a cultivated hybrid, which he gave the name - sunberry or "sun berry". The plant has not received worldwide recognition, unlike the Russet Burbank potato variety, which has found widespread use in the McDonald's network for making everyone's favorite French fries.
In Russia, everyone who has heard about the blueberry forte plant is interested in what it is and how difficult it is to grow it in their area. Sun berry is more a vegetable than a berry. It is often confused with common blueberries and blueberries, although they belong to the Heather family and not the Nightshade.The plant, reaching 1.5 m in height, is a common annual, like its other closest relatives - eggplant, pepper, potato or tomato. It is able to withstand low temperatures and even frosts down to -5 ° C, but it quickly dies in case of severe cold. Therefore, in Siberia and the Urals, blueberries are grown exclusively in a greenhouse.
Forte blueberries are often called garden nightshade, black crow, Canadian blueberry, sun berry. In fact, this is a sprawling shrub with a height of at least 1 m, but due to its powerful tetrahedral stem and a large number of side shoots, it resembles a tree. During the flowering period, it becomes like a flower bed, since it is strewn with many white flowers, like a potato. The fruits are large, glossy, raven-winged, and grow in clusters of 10. Up to 1 kg of harvest can be harvested from one bush. The beauty of the plant is complemented by ovoid leaves with pointed ends.
All parts of the Sunberry blueberry - stems, leaves, flowers and berries - are used for medicinal purposes. Only the roots are not suitable. However, housewives should remember that the sun berry is a nightshade, the unripe fruits of which are poisonous. Ripeness can be determined by touch, if they are soft, then they are not dangerous. But still, before use, they must be placed in boiling water for a few minutes.
Sunberry berries are prized for their rich vitamin and mineral composition. They contain calcium, magnesium, iron and potassium, as well as a number of other more rare trace elements:
Scientists have proven that berries contain a whole range of useful elements necessary to meet the daily needs of the body. To maintain health, you need to eat only a small handful of fruits every day.
In many countries, the sun berry is widely cultivated, and in Russia it is gaining more and more popularity due to its wide range of medicinal properties. Experts say that blueberry forte has the following health effects:
The fruits have been tested to have a mild diuretic effect, so they help the kidneys to remove excess fluid, eliminating swelling. There is also an opinion that the berry is useful in the treatment of many skin conditions, including psoriasis.
Few people like to eat fresh berries, it is done rather for medicinal and prophylactic purposes. But dishes from Canadian blueberries are delicious, and dark and tart wine will leave few people indifferent. The hostesses happily bake pies with berries, make preserves and jams, and some make blueberry "raisins" according to the following recipe.
To do this, you need to prepare sugar syrup, boil the washed berries in it for a couple of minutes, and put them on a sieve. When the excess liquid drains off, spread the mass in a thin layer on a baking sheet and dry. After the berries have slightly dried, you can take them out of the oven and treat your loved ones.
The jam will turn out delicious and fragrant if you add lemon, cut into slices or chopped, during cooking. It takes about 5 minutes to cook a treat, based on 1 kg of fruit - 300 g of sugar. It is recommended to store it in the refrigerator, and eat no more than five tablespoons.
Growing a blueberry forte plant can be done in two ways: by sowing seeds in open ground and through seedlings. In a temperate climate and a short summer, the culture may not have enough time to ripen, since it is characterized by a long growing season - from 120 to 150 days. The second method is considered the most attractive, because the main stages (sowing, germination and strengthening of young shoots) take place at home, and already formed bushes dive into the site.
Healthy seedlings are considered the key to a rich harvest for any crop. Therefore, for its cultivation, it is necessary to correctly determine the sowing time. Usually this event is held in late February or early March. Planting material should be prepared in advance.
To get strong blueberry bushes, two methods are used to describe how to grow seedlings.
Pour a nutrient substrate into a pot or box and burrow the nucleoli into it. Level and water the soil surface. Above it, build a dome of plastic or glass. It is recommended to remove it every day to remove condensation and provide air access. Seedlings appear on the 5-6th day, and from this moment it is necessary to periodically water, monitoring the condition of the soil, avoiding drying out and excessive moisture.
The seeds must first be placed between two cotton pads, put them in a container with a little water and leave. In a few days, when sprouts appear, dive them into the nutrient soil. You need to sow seeds following the step-by-step instructions.
During the period of development, it is necessary to provide normal lighting. Place the containers on the windowsill or use an artificial reflector (made of foil for baking).
You can dive seedlings into open ground in the spring with the arrival of heat. The best period for this is the second half of May and early June. At this time, the threat of night frosts will pass, and the soil and air will have time to warm up well.
Blueberry forte is unpretentious in care, but still requires minimal care. It consists, first of all, in the choice of the place of growth. It should be well lit and away from wind and drafts.
One of the conditions that determines how to plant blueberries correctly is the choice of a suitable soil. Light soils, sandstone, and black soil are considered favorable. Close occurrence of subsoil waters is encouraged. Planting bushes in areas where legumes and cucumbers used to grow is ideal. It is good to use all varieties of green lettuce and onions as neighbors. The period of their harvesting coincides with the time when the plant has time to take root and take root in a new place.
Picking seedlings into open ground begins with its preparation. To do this, the soil should be dug up and organic fertilizers should be added to it at the rate of 1 sq. m - 0.5 buckets. Next, you need to dig shallow holes 15-20 cm and spill them well with water. For disembarkation, the transshipment method is used. This means that the root system is placed in the ground together with the nutrient substrate where it developed. A glass of seedlings is taken in one hand, the fingers of the other squeeze the seedling at the base. The container is turned upside down and an earthen lump is removed. It is placed in the prepared hole and covered with soil, lightly tamping.
Young seedlings are planted according to a certain pattern with an interval of at least 80 cm. The gap between the rows should be 1.5 m. A closer arrangement will lead to a deterioration in the growth and development of the culture. Each shrub will shade its neighbor, the fruits will not receive enough light and heat, and will ripen longer than the prescribed period.
Since the Sunberry has arrived in Russia from afar, many consider it an exotic culture. Moreover, she is not capricious and does not require special care. However, in order for the forte blueberry bush to develop and bear fruit normally, a number of standard activities should be carried out.
Sunberry is a hybrid, therefore it is resistant to diseases and adverse weather conditions. Therefore, it does not need prophylactic treatment and spraying with special preparations.
If you know how to grow forte blueberries correctly, you don't have to worry about their health. The hardy species of nightshade does not need pest repellants. In addition, it contains silver in its composition, which provides protection against many infections. However, even Sunberry can be susceptible to certain illnesses.
You should not be worried, since the plant rarely gets sick. Basically, it maintains health and bears fruit abundantly throughout its life.
Blueberry forte is a hybrid of two varieties of nightshade, therefore it is considered poisonous. Indeed, it contains substances such as cadmium, mercury, lead, arsenic. However, their number is so scanty that they are not able to have a toxic effect on the body. The main thing that experts advise is not to consume too many berries. If you can not resist and eat the fruits, exceeding the recommended rate, allergy symptoms may appear: itching, redness, rash.
Eating sunberries is a contraindication for the categories:
Substances that make up the culture are capable of causing drowsiness, disorienting in space. Wild sunberry fruits that catch the eye should not be eaten at all, as they are poisonous.
Growing blueberries is a rewarding and fun process. The flowering and fruiting shrub has a striking appearance and is able to decorate any garden. Professionals often use the plant in landscape design as an ornamental plant and are planted in single specimens or in small groups. Sunberry fruits are universal: they can be eaten fresh, salted, pickled, dried, frozen. The hostesses prepare preserves, jams, juices, drinks and wines from them. Gardeners, on the other hand, cultivate crows as a means to help neighboring plants fight pests. It is absolutely unpretentious to care for, can grow in a pot in an apartment or on a balcony and be just as useful.
Most people think that the taste of blueberries forte is very primitive, but it can be improved by dipping the berries in boiling water for a couple of minutes. The fruits acquire their natural sweetness after the first autumn frosts. Sunberry is used for making jams, compotes, medicinal tinctures, filling in pies, and homemade wine.
The tincture is taken to increase immunity, normalize blood pressure, headaches, eye problems and more. Recipe:
You can make jam as follows:
Due to the high content of pectins, ready-made blueberry jam forte quickly solidifies and has a marmalade density. The color is beautiful, dark cherry. The taste is excellent.
You can make delicious jelly. To do this, you need to grind the berries with lemon, boil a little. Add sugar to taste. Everything!