A perennial herbaceous plant common tansy (Tanacetum vulgare) is a representative of the Asteraceae family (Asteraceae), as well as a typical species of the genus Tansy. Among the people, such a plant is also called a love spell, wild mountain ash and nine-sided. This culture of the forest and forest-steppe zone can be found in natural conditions in the fields, on forest edges, in birch forests, on roads, in shrubs and on dry forests. And tansy grows in Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Japan, Europe, Kyrgyzstan, Korea and Turkey. In ancient times, peoples such as the Egyptians, Persians and Greeks used tansy to embalm corpses, while the roots of the plant were used to make a green dye. Tansy is eaten with pleasure by marals, marmots, sheep, deer and ground squirrels, but if animals consume a large amount of this herb, it can be poisoned. In some developed countries, this crop is grown as an essential oil plant, and it is used in the food and chemical-pharmaceutical industries.
The height of the tansy bush varies from 0.5 to 1.5 m. The long woody rhizome is creeping and branching. There are many straight shoots, they are branched and faceted in the upper part, and their surface is slightly pubescent or bare. Twice pinnately dissected alternate leaf plates have an oblong-ovoid shape. They include from 5 to 12 pairs of oblong-lanceolate leaves, pointed, serrate or entire along the edge. Their front surface is dark green, while the seamy side is covered with dots and glands. Lush flat apical corymbose inflorescences consist of baskets, which, in turn, include small yellow tubular bisexual flowers. Flowering is observed in July – September. The fruit is an elongated pentahedral achene.
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Common tansy is distinguished by its undemanding nature. So, when growing it, illumination, soil composition and the amount of moisture do not play a special role. Sowing seeds is carried out directly into open soil and is done in the last days of April or the first days of May. But a large number of gardeners are advised to sow tansy in the middle of the fall. For sowing seeds, a 20x40 scheme is used. The seed should be planted to a depth of 20 to 30 mm. Such a plant can also be propagated by vegetative methods. So, in May or August, you need to remove a bush from the ground that is 2 or 3 years old, it is divided into parts, which are planted in new places.
It is very easy to care for this herb. So, he needs to ensure timely watering, loosening the soil surface around the bushes and weeding.
At the beginning of the spring period, and even after the tansy has faded, it will need top dressing. To do this, use superphosphate and ammonium nitrate (20 grams and 10-15 grams per 1 square meter, respectively).
A plant grown from a seed begins to bloom only in the second year of growth. This crop is extremely resistant to diseases and pests. If any changes were noticed on the sheet plates, then they will need to be cut off and that's it.
As a medicinal raw material, as a rule, only tansy inflorescences are used, while their collection is carried out in July – September, when the bushes begin to bloom. The cut raw materials must be spread out in a thin layer under the canopy for drying. If desired, cut flowers are tied in bunches and suspended from the ceiling in a well-ventilated drying room. Dried inflorescences should be freed from the remaining shoots scraps, after which they are placed in a container made of glass, paper or wood for storage. They retain their beneficial properties for 2 years. Those baskets that are brown should be thrown away, because they are prohibited from being used as medicinal raw materials. In some cases, alternative medicine also uses foliage, as well as shoots of tansy.
Gardeners cultivate not only common tansy, other types are also grown:
This garden plant is ornamental and deciduous. Its leaf plates are feathery and erect. Some experts attribute this species to the genus Yarrow.
This plant is cultivated almost throughout Eurasia. It is edible and spicy-aromatic. Some experts attribute this species to the genus Chrysanthemum.
This species, distinguished by its unpretentiousness, is quite popular among gardeners. Outwardly, it looks like a disheveled chamomile.
This stunted species is distinguished by its high decorative effect, as well as unpretentiousness. Feathery leaf plates have a silvery color. Loose baskets are yellow. This species has many varieties and varieties.
This decorative type is also quite popular among gardeners. This herb is a perennial. Fragrant corymbose inflorescences are white in color.
The homeland of this plant, which is highly decorative, is Syria. Low dense lush bushes are decorated with silvery-gray leaves, as well as short-petaled yellow daisies.
This popular species is native to Southeastern Europe and Turkey. Lush shields have a whitish color, and outwardly they are similar to yarrow flowers, but in tansy the foliage and the entire bush are larger.
This garden plant is very popular with gardeners. It comes from the Canary Islands, and earlier it was attributed to the genus Chrysanthemums. This shrub is a perennial. Its leaf plates and shoots are velvety, because there is a small pubescence on their surface. The flowers are whitish in color and have an irritating scent. There are a large number of varieties that differ from each other in the size and color of the leaf plates.
The fact that tansy has medicinal properties has been known for a very long time. It is used in alternative medicine, cooking and cosmetology. It is also used in the pharmaceutical and chemical industries. During the opening of the flowers of common tansy, they include alkaloids, polysaccharides, proteins, glycosides, organic acids, bitter and tannins, vitamins, gallic and tanacetic acids. The essential oil of this plant contains poison, but at the same time it has an antimicrobial effect.
This plant is used for inflammatory processes in the liver, kidneys and stomach, as well as for intoxication of the body. Tansy inflorescences are part of such medicinal preparations as gastric, choleretic and renal.
In traditional medicine, tansy is used in the treatment of joint aches, diseases of the bladder, as well as for low acidity of gastric juice. Also, this plant helps to stimulate appetite and increase blood pressure. In alternative medicine, tansy is used for colitis, tuberculosis, hemorrhoids, epilepsy, diabetes, malaria, diarrhea, spasms, and worm infections. Medicines such as infusion, decoction or powder are prepared from it:
Means from this plant should not be used by pregnant women, as well as children. If the dosage is exceeded, it can cause the development of poisoning: there will be convulsions, vomiting and indigestion. If symptoms of poisoning appear, then gastric lavage should be done as soon as possible and an adsorbent drug should be taken. If you have heart problems, irregular heart rhythms, or high blood pressure, you should consult with a qualified specialist before taking tansy remedies for the first time.
The plant got its name in honor of the French botanist of the 18th century. Antoine Duchenne... It was he who first described the Indian Potentilla.
Dusheney Indian - This is a perennial plant, has creeping hairy stems, on which are located trifoliate green leaves growing from a basal rosette. The berries are small, red in color. The shoots of the plant reach a length of up to one and a half meters. Flowers of yellow or cream color are located on the peduncles singly, the diameter is 1-1.5 cm. The flower has from 20 to 30 stamens and a small pistil.
The flowering period of the plant begins in June and lasts throughout the summer. The fruits look like strawberries, round small red berries, covered with small seeds.
Unlike strawberries, dushenei fruits tend to the top, rather than hanging down.
It has been grown as a cultivated plant since the 17th century, the duchenee is not pretentious in care, easily tolerates wintering, it is enough to provide the plant with a warm shelter. Prefers partial shade areas, but can also be grown in the shade, does not tolerate stagnant water and prolonged drought. Therefore, in extreme heat, the plant needs watering.
Ducheney prefers a temperate climate. The fruit contains: fiber organic acids pectin, nitrogenous and tannins alkaloids iron calcium phosphorus manganese vitamins B and C carotene and folic acid.
Homeland of growth - forests of the Eurasian and American continents, the most common habitat of the Indian duchenei is South and East Asia. Under natural conditions of growth, it is considered a weed plant similar to strawberries.
In our country, Indian Potentilla is grown as an ornamental plant, as well as as a garden plant from Siberia to southern cities. The plant prefers loamy and sandy loamy moist soils. In the garden, dusheney is grown as a ground cover perennial, as well as a potted plant.
Not infrequently, due to their decorative appearance, Indian strawberries are used in landscape design. But not suitable for use in miniature alpine slides, due to its peculiarity - to creep.
It is not necessary to buy hyssop seedlings - it is easy to grow them at home on your windowsill. To do this, it is enough to purchase a small seedling box and fill it with clean sand.
The seeds can simply be mixed with sand, but it is better to make shallow furrows in it at a distance of 3 cm from each other, not forgetting to moisten them. After 10-12 days, you can see the first shoots. When the seedlings have at least 3 real leaves, you can start picking in separate cups (plastic or peat) and grow the seedlings in them.
From the moment of sowing seeds for seedlings and before transferring them to open ground, it should take about 2 months. To understand that the plant is ready for this, the real leaves are counted - there should be at least 6 of them. A favorable time for planting seedlings on the site is the second half of May, when there is no longer a risk of frost.
To begin with, seedlings are planted at a distance of 25-35 cm from each other. But after rooting, it is advisable to thin them out by transplanting the extra ones into another flower bed. It is not necessary to plant seedlings in the soil deeply - a maximum of 10 cm, so that the growing point is not covered with earth.
All about growing fruits and vegetables
It is impossible to live in the countryside and not grow any fruit crops on your site. Even if there is only one hundred square meters of land near your house, sooner or later you will plant an apple or cherry tree on it and, at least, organize a vertical bed for greenery. Because there is nothing tastier than home-grown fruits, vegetables, berries and even mushrooms. And, given the fact that it is becoming more and more difficult to buy really healthy fruits in a store or on the market (not processed excessively with chemistry) every day, then your own garden and vegetable garden is just a necessity. Our heading was created so that you can easily and with pleasure learn how to get results from your work in the garden and in the beds.
An experienced summer resident knows what a long way all the fruits that fall on his table from his own garden or vegetable garden go. How much work, how much attention is put into each cucumber or apple! And how much joy the tender greens bring, the first to hatch from under the snow in spring. How much pride you can feel when you grow the largest onion in the area! The materials of our section will help experienced summer residents and, especially, beginners, to understand all the intricacies of growing garden and vegetable garden crops. How to keep seedlings until spring? How to prepare good seedling soil? How to cover strawberries for the winter? The list of questions to which the materials of this section give answers has long exceeded a thousand. And our authors work every day to replenish them. If you have your own orchard and vegetable garden, and, moreover, if you are only planning them, visit us more often, and growing your own vegetables, fruits, berries, herbs and mushrooms will turn into a favorite hobby. You can share your achievements on this front in the relevant topics of the Botanichki Forum.