Madagascar jasmine (Stephanotis floribunda)


Generality

Within the genus that is defined “Stephanotis”, we can find a small number of climbing plants that also belong to the category of evergreens.

These are plants entirely from Madagascar.

In particular, the Madagascar jasmine, also called with the scientific name of “Stephanotis floribunda”, is a climbing plant that is characterized by an extremely vigorous development.

One of the main characteristics of Madagascar jasmine is undoubtedly that of having rather thick stems which, with the passage of time, become more and more semi-woody.

It is a climber that has typically oval-shaped leaves, with a length that varies between eight and ten centimeters, with a characteristic dark and glossy green color.

Furthermore, during the spring season, various clusters of flowers are produced, with a typically white color and also characterized by a notable scent.


Stephanotis floribunda

The flowers of Madagascar Jasmine are characterized by being decidedly fleshy and for having a star shape: in this sense, they can undoubtedly recall several comparisons with those of Jasmine, despite having much larger dimensions and a more intense perfume.

In order to guarantee these climbing plants to follow a correct growth, it is necessary, in most cases, to apply a stake or an adequate support, perhaps a trellis, to which they can wrap themselves.

When they are cultivated, Madagascar jasmine plants usually do not exceed two meters, while in nature they are shrubs that can easily go beyond four meters, often touching even five meters.


Exposure

The first advice is undoubtedly to plant these climbing plants in a typically semi-shaded area.

We are talking about a plant that does not like being too exposed to the sun's rays, but which must also be adequately protected from strong winds: for this reason it is recommended, in most cases, to place it near the wall of a house, in a manner such that it can enjoy good shelter even against low temperatures.

We are talking about a genus of climbing plants that are able to withstand short periods in which temperatures remain particularly low, but in all those areas where the winter seasons are rather rigid it is always better to place them in temperate environments.

This kind of climbers can also be grown indoors: in this case, just remember that during the winter season they should not be left in environments with temperatures below ten degrees centigrade.

During the period in which the flowering of Madagascar jasmine occurs, it is always better to try to reduce the temperature range as much as possible, for the simple fact that the buds can be greatly affected, with a complete or partial loss.


Watering

During the period between the beginning of the spring season, until October, it is advisable to water the Madagascar jasmine plant with a certain consistency, always bearing in mind that the substrate must be completely dry before proceeding with a new one. irrigation.

During the winter season, on the contrary, it is advisable to provide it with occasional watering.

Furthermore, during the vegetative phase crossed by the plant, it is always better to apply fertilizer for flowering plants, every two weeks.


Ground

To cultivate the Madagascar jasmine, it is advisable to exploit a substrate that is as rich as possible in organic substance, perhaps making it lighter by inserting a small amount of sand, but also some bark (after it has been to chop it properly).

However, these particular climbing plants are very well suited to being grown on all those rather acidic substrates.


Multiplication

The multiplication of Madagascar jasmine occurs through cuttings.

This is an operation that must take place during the spring season: the first thing to do is undoubtedly to extract the cuttings, which must be at least ten centimeters long.

The best time to extract the cuttings is between April and June, especially by cutting them from the shoots located on the sides of the plant and which do not produce flowers.

Subsequently, as regards the rooting operation, it will be necessary to provide for this by preparing a soil consisting of sand and peat in equal parts (inserting everything inside a special rooting container) and maintaining a minimum temperature of twenty degrees centigrade.

Following rooting, Madagascar jasmine plants can be transplanted into larger pots.


Madagascar jasmine (Stephanotis floribunda): Pests and diseases

The Madagascar jasmine is a particularly strong plant, even if it can be attacked by dangerous parasites such as aphids and scale insects, which can be spread by other surrounding plants and mainly affect the flowers and buds.



Stephanotis floribunda

Marsdenia floribunda
(Jacques) Schltr.

Stephanotis floribunda Jacques is a flowering climbing plant of the Asclepiadaceae family (or Apocynaceae according to the APG classification [1]), known as jasmine from Madagascar. [2]


Stephanotis floribunda - Madagascar jasmine

Description

Stephanotis floribunda or Madagascar jasmine is a vigorous, evergreen climber, with thick stems, which become semi-woody over the years, has oval, 8-10 cm long, dark green, leathery and shiny leaves. In late spring it produces small clusters of white, slightly fleshy, intensely perfumed, star-shaped flowers. stephanotis they are very reminiscent of jasmine flowers, although they are larger and fleshy. For proper development the plants of stephanotis they need a stake or a trellis to wrap themselves around in nature, these plants reach 4-5 meters in height, in cultivation they generally stay below two meters.
To have a good development it is advisable to plant the jasmine of madagascar in a semi-shady place, protected from the wind and possibly close to a wall of the house, in order to also guarantee protection from intense cold. The stephanotis can bear short periods of cold, but, in areas with very harsh winters, it is advisable to grow them in a temperate greenhouse or place them in a sheltered and warm place.

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Jasmine of Madagascar or STEPHANOTIS

The stephanotis (Stephanotis floribunda) is an Asclepiadacea that does not go unnoticed, first for its large and white corollas, then for the fragrance that emanates all around: it is in fact called "Madagascar jasmine", due to the intense scent of the flowers, particularly acute at night.

It is a terrace plant recommended for those who live on the balcony or terrace especially in the evening, also for the whiteness of the corollas, visible even in the penumbra.

It is not an economic plant: to optimize spending, apply to keep it even during the winter.

How Madagascar jasmine is made

It's a climbing vigorous evergreen (up to 2.5 m in length), with thick sarmentose stems, which become semi-woody over time, fast growing.

Has leaves oval-lanceolate, leathery and shiny, dark green.

From May to July it is loved because it produces small clusters of flowers medium-large, star-shaped white, fleshy, intensely scented, similar to jasmine but larger.

Where and how it is grown

The stephanotis is native to Madagascar and loves i warm climates: the ideal temperature is between 22 and 35 ° C, tolerates up to 50 ° C but suffers below 12 ° C. Hence, in areas with no mild climate must be hospitalized at home (18-22 ° C) from the end of September to mid-April, even in the South, a temporary shift indoors may be necessary in the event of a low dive. Furthermore does not like the wind, least of all that brackish.

He prefers one position in partial shade, at most in half sun in Northern Italy.

Give it a jar in plastic, with a diameter of 28 cm for a plant 30 cm high, with its own trellis or placed near gratings, balustrades, gazebos. Repot it in March each year in one measure up to the maximum sustainable size, then renew only the topsoil.

The substrate better it is light and fertile, eg. universal soil lightened with a handful of perlite and a handful of peat to slightly acidify it. Excellent drainage at the bottom of the container is essential.

It goes watered with moderation and regularity from May to September, always regularly but in scarce quantity in the remaining months, so that the soil always remains slightly humid. He does not like the sprays of the foliage, nor the water on the flowers.

Fertilize it from April to September every 15 days with a liquid product for flowering plants in the irrigation water.

There pruning it is carried out only if it is necessary to detach it from the support or reduce its encumbrance, respectively at the end of September or in March. The shoots go anyway addressed to the guardians and tied to them, because they are unable to wrap themselves up.

Diseases and pests of Madagascar jasmine

It has only one main enemy, the white fly (whiteflies), which attacks protected specimens in too humid and poorly ventilated environments.


Jasmine of St. Joseph

In locations where the winter temperature keeps close to zero, the right species for the garden is the Jasmine of St. Joseph (Jasminum nudiflorum) which, from half of March, fills up with yellow flowers, clearly visible on the shoots still without leaves. Ideal for creating a splash of color when the garden is still bare. More, it goes wet very little.


Video: My Madagascan Jasmine


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