Full description and characteristics of the Black Moor tomato variety


Tomatoes of black shades are bred by crossing wild-growing and red-fruited varieties. After careful selection, you can get the most attractive and amazingly tasty tomatoes that will attract the attention of any gourmet. One of the best varieties of dark tomato is the Black Moor, a description of which you will find in the article.

Description and characteristics of black moor tomato

The bush stops forming after 10-12 brushes are formed. Plant height reaches 150 mm. The main feature of the popular variety is that the distance between the leaves is too short.

Fruits grow in clusters. One brush can accommodate about 18-22 pieces. Ripening of tomatoes occurs after 120 days from the moment of the first shoots. The pulp of the vegetable culture is quite dense and has a sweet and sour taste. Seeds in fruits are few.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

The main advantages of the Black Moor include:

  • amazing taste characteristics;
  • compactness of fruits (which is convenient for canning);
  • the density of the skin, which prevents damage to the fruit during transportation;
  • long storage period for vegetable crops.

Among the disadvantages of dark-colored tomatoes are:

  • exposure to pests;
  • susceptibility to late blight and fusarium.

Distinctive features from other varieties

The Black Moor can grow both in a greenhouse and in the open field. The fruits are teardrop-shaped and literally envelop the entire bush. This variety of dark tomatoes is considered the most productive and can bring almost 6-7 kg of yield per plant.

The main distinguishing feature of the Black Moor is the unique taste of the fruit, combining sweetness and slight sourness.

Soil requirements for planting

For sowing, special containers must be prepared, namely:

  • wooden boxes;
  • cups (paper);
  • plastic glasses;
  • cut plastic bottles;
  • peat pots.

It will be most convenient to plant seeds in peat or paper containers, since the grown seedlings can be planted in open ground directly in these pots.

Before sowing seeds, it is necessary to place the prepared container in a room with a temperature of about 22-25 degrees for 4-5 days. It should be borne in mind that seeds grow as quickly as possible in coconut fibers (crushed). Soil may also come in handy, which will contain turf and humus soil in the same proportion.

It is very important that the density of the soil remains loose. For this, sawdust should be included in the composition of the earth.

Sowing rules

It is very important to harden the seeds before planting, which will prevent their further reaction to temperature extremes. For hardening, it is enough to place the seeds in a convenient container and put them in the cold for 48 hours. Immediately before planting the planting material, it is necessary to check it for germination. To do this, we moisten the seeds and take them out into a room with a temperature of 20-25 degrees for 5-7 days.

Given the susceptibility of tomatoes to various diseases, planting material must be processed before planting. As a rule, potassium permanganate dissolved in water is used for this purpose.

After finishing the treatment, we wash the seeds with warm running water.

When sowing the Black Moor, you should follow the recommendations that will allow you to grow healthy seedlings:

  1. The seeds are sown to a depth of about 18-20 mm. If the seed is placed deeper, it can rot.
  2. The spacing of the seed should be 18-20 mm.
  3. The lower the germination percentage, the tighter the planting should be.
  4. After disembarkation, it is recommended to cover the container with foil.
  5. After the appearance of the first leaves (2-3), the seedlings can be dived.

For the rapid germination of seedlings, optimal conditions should be provided, namely:

  • ensure the looseness of the soil;
  • place containers in a bright and warm room;
  • water the seeds after sowing, cover with foil and wait for the first overgrowth to water the soil again.

Transplanting tomatoes into open ground

Seedlings can be planted on the site only 45-55 days after the appearance of the first shoots. As a rule, during this period, the heat on the street stabilizes, and the appearance of night frosts is already unlikely.

Before planting seedlings, water the soil abundantly.

You can plant plants in several ways:

  1. Rows 60x30 or 50x30.
  2. Double-line tape - wider distances are left between each pair of rows. In this case, the bushes can be planted in a checkerboard pattern.
  3. Nesting - 2 bushes are placed in one hole.

Variety care after transplanting

After transplanting a plant into open ground, it is necessary to provide it with proper care:

  • Given the high growth rate of the vegetable crop and the abundant amount of fruits on the clusters, each bush must be tied up.
  • As the plant grows, unnecessary stepchildren are removed and blooming brushes vibrate in a timely manner, which will significantly increase the yield.
  • We systematically water the plants with warm water.
  • Periodically, we make additional fertilizing using a full range of fertilizers.
  • Every 5-6 days we loosen the soil and do weeding.

Diseases and their prevention

Despite the average degree of resistance of the Black Moor to diseases, it is still susceptible to fungal infections. It is very important to carry out prophylaxis in order to avoid infection of the bushes. It is also recommended to apply in practice the rules of crop rotation (to make hilling bushes), to process a vegetable crop with Hom. For feeding, Barrier preparations are perfect. To prevent the appearance of late blight, plants should be sprayed using a solution of Bordeaux liquid.

If small punctures appear on the leaves of the seedlings, then it is time to fight the spider mite. You can get rid of it by spraying Karbofos on the bushes.

With the help of Confidor, you can get rid of the whitefly, the activity of which covers the leaves with a fungus and leads to their yellowing and further wilting.

The subtleties of successful cultivation of this tomato variety

The most significant feature of growing a Black Moor tomato is considered to be the obligatory garter of its branches and the timely disposal of unnecessary stepsons. To increase the yield of the bush, it is necessary to create a vibration effect (gently shake the brushes) and periodically feed.

Reviews of gardeners about the variety

Veronica, 46 years old: For two years I have been growing Black Moor tomatoes on my site. Last year I could not find time for a garter at all and most of the bushes fell from the weight of the fruit. This year, I took the cultivation process more seriously and complied with all the conditions. The result pleased me. The bushes are all even, tall, and the harvest is simply heroic.

Margarita, 55 years old: I plant Black Moor tomatoes in a greenhouse. The bushes grow to the very roof. The yield from each plant reaches 5 kg. The taste of tomatoes is incomparable.

Svetlana, 55 years old: every year I plant some Black Moor bushes. I really like their taste. However, this variety has such a disadvantage. If watering is untimely, then although there are a lot of fruits on the bushes, they grow small.

Ruslana, 35 years old: pThe first time the Black Moor planted tomatoes. I really liked the taste of the fruits of the vegetable culture, but the bushes are too tall and even a garter did not save in a strong wind. They just broke. The rest of the variety is just wonderful. Fruits from one bush are unmeasured.

Observing the basic rules for caring for an annual plant, timely watering and feeding, you can become the owner of a weighty crop. It is important to feed the bushes with complex fertilizers several times per season and carry out the garter in time to avoid breaking off tall plants.


Characteristics of Black Mavr tomatoes

Tomato culture has changed a lot over the past few years. The fact is that domestic gardeners have ceased to "chase" record yields, and give more preference to the quality of the fruits grown. In search of a beautiful and tasty tomato that is necessary for a gardener, you can pay attention to an exotic variety - the black Moor tomato.

  1. Characteristics of the Black Moor tomato
  2. Description of tomato bushes
  3. Description of fruits
  4. Application
  • Growing tomato Black Moor
  • Sowing the seeds of the Black Moor
  • Care of young seedlings
  • Transplanting to open ground or to a greenhouse
  • Features of caring for tomatoes
  • Conclusion
  • Characteristics of Black Mavr tomatoes

    According to numerous reviews, this variety has an exquisite taste. In addition, the unusual color of tomatoes will surprise a person. The fruits of the Moor tomato are burgundy.


    Characteristics of the Black Moor variety

    Although the word “black” appears in the name of the variety, mature tomatoes are brown in color. Around the peduncle is a rather wide, irregularly shaped green areola. The shape of the fruit is elongated, plum-like. The pulp is loose, has a sweetish taste. Weight up to 50 gr. 7-10 tomatoes can be formed on each brush, and the total yield reaches 5 kg per bush. Black Moor is mid-season - fruit ripening begins 105-110 days after germination.

    Refers to semi-determinant varieties. The central stem of such tomatoes stops growing after 8-12 inflorescences have formed. The first inflorescence is located at the level of 7-9 leaves on the main stem, and on the lateral branches at the level of 3-5 leaves. Subsequent inflorescences are located across 2 leaves. This arrangement ensures uniform fruiting throughout the life of the plant. The short internodes inherent in the Black Moor variety make it possible to obtain a lot of brushes. An adult plant can reach 1-1.5 m.

    Tomato seeds Black Moor


    Characteristics

    • The variety belongs to the mid-season - from the moment of the emergence of friendly shoots to the harvest, 111 - 115 days pass
    • the yield of marketable products is good - 4.8 - 5.3 kg per 1 square meter. With proper agricultural technology, 2.5 to 3 kg of tomatoes are harvested from 1 bush
    • the immunity of the Black Moor is above average. Outdoors, can be affected by vertex rot during drought.
    • when grown outdoors, sometimes cracking of the fruit can be observed
    • tomato adapts well to different growing conditions
    • thanks to their dense skin, tomatoes are perfectly transported and stored without loss of marketability
    • fruits can be removed immature, they are perfectly ripened
    • in use, the tomato is universal. Great for salads and for decorating dishes. The combination of small fruit and firm skins makes tomatoes suitable for canning. They are also good for pickling.


    Features of growing varieties

    The Black Moor tomato variety appeared no more than 20 years ago, but has already gained popularity among lovers of curiosities, summer residents and farmers. In order to understand about the prospects of this variety, it is necessary to understand its features and capabilities.

    Recommended growing regions

    Tomatoes of this variety grow well in many regions of Russia, Ukraine, the Baltic States and Belarus. Many lovers of them are also grown both in the north of Russia and in Georgia and Kazakhstan. The variety is demanding on heat and lighting, therefore, to create such conditions in the northern regions, this tomato should be grown in heated greenhouses.

    Growing seedlings

    As you know, to obtain a high yield, you need a good seed. Therefore, at the very beginning, you need to make sure that the seeds of the Black Moor tomatoes are full-bodied. To do this, they are placed in a saline solution and after a while all the floating seeds are poured out, and those that have settled to the bottom are left for sowing.

    After that, to destroy possible fungal infections, the seed is kept in a solution of potassium permanganate or processed by other methods (chemicals, aloe juice).

    A good result is given by hardening the seeds, that is, keeping them in the refrigerator for several days at a low positive temperature. After this procedure, adult plants will be able to withstand a cold snap not a few degrees lower than plants that have not undergone the hardening procedure.

    And only after that the seeds are planted in boxes or pallets. The sowing depth is usually 1.5-2.0 centimeters, the distance between seeds is approximately the same.

    During growth, the temperature should be maintained at 22-25 degrees. To prevent the plants from getting sick with a black leg, it is watered often, but not much. If necessary, the young seedlings are supplemented with light.

    When growing tomatoes without picking, it is better to plant the seed immediately in a separate container (plastic cup or small pot). So during transplantation, the root system will remain as intact as possible. When planting in the ground, the seedlings will immediately start growing, the adaptation period will be minimal. The method without picking has an important advantage, the root system penetrates into the deep layers of the soil, and has the ability to receive moisture and nutrients not only from the upper soil ball.

    When growing seedlings using a pick, the seedlings stop growing for 1-2 weeks, as the plant has received stress. However, the root of the seedlings becomes more branched and is able to absorb nutrients from the topsoil with double strength. If there is a possibility of watering, then this method is more preferable than the first.

    When growing seedlings, seedlings are treated with solutions of stimulants and fertilizers. Before planting, 45-50 day old seedlings are sprayed with copper sulfate.

    Transfer to the ground

    If the tomato is going to be grown in greenhouses, then before planting the plants, the soil and the structure of the greenhouse are treated with special disinfectant solutions. This will allow avoiding some diseases that hibernated in the soil or on the surface of metal, film and glass.

    Tomatoes are planted at a distance of 40-45 centimeters from each other. The rows are placed every 0.65-0.75 cm.

    Planting time largely depends on the climatic zone and the heating of the greenhouse. If there is at least emergency heating, then you can plant seedlings from early to mid-April. If there is no possibility of heating, then the terms are shifted by 2-3 weeks.

    With constant good care, Black Moor tomatoes are able to thank the owner with a good harvest.

    Without watering, fertilizing and protection, the plant will die or give a very meager harvest. Before this, the plant is watered at least 1 time in 5-7 days and fed every 2 weeks. After watering, after 20-30 hours, the soil is loosened, this will remove the crust and improve oxygen access to the roots of the tomatoes.

    Tomato variety Black Moor is formed depending on planting density in 1-3 stems. The less often the bushes are planted, the more stepsons can be left. In order for the fruits not to come into contact with the soil, the stems must be tied to supports or twine.

    After ripening and collecting the fruits from the first cluster, it is better to remove all the lower leaves. This will ensure air circulation in the lower part of the greenhouse and reduce its humidity. After all, as you know, it is high humidity that allows the development of many diseases, primarily late blight.

    In the course of plant growth, preventive measures are taken to prevent diseases, and, if necessary, to combat them. For this, drugs of domestic and foreign production are used.

    If a gardener wants to grow eco-friendly products, then you should pay attention to folk ways to combat fungal and viral infections.Many of them are able to withstand these diseases.

    Do not forget about pests. The scoop is one of the most common "misfortunes" that can destroy almost the entire crop. Therefore, the processing of plants during the summer of a fly is mandatory.

    The fruits are harvested once every 2-3 days. Leaving ripe tomatoes on the bushes is not advisable, since they take away nutrients that the plant could spend on the development and ripening of new fruits.

    If the gardener adheres to these simple rules, then a good and stable harvest of tasty and original fruits is guaranteed.


    Advantages and disadvantages

    Tomatoes Black Moor - a variety that has received a lot of advantages thanks to the work of breeders. The main advantages are:

    • high yields
    • dense peel that allows you to get beautiful jars of pickles
    • beautiful fruit color
    • long keeping period
    • the ability to easily endure drought and drop in air temperature
    • excellent taste.

    But the Black Moor is not without its drawbacks. For example, it lacks immunity to a number of common diseases, such as apical rot, late blight, mosaic, fusarium.

    To avoid the attack of pests and the development of diseases, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures throughout the season in the places where this variety is grown.


    Reviews of those who planted the variety

    Vera

    The variety is delicious, but for food we grow tomatoes with thin skin, this one is salted, frozen, dried. The bushes in the greenhouse grow more than 3 m, and in the exhaust gas almost 2 m, the top must be pinched at a certain stage. I have 10-15 tomatoes in clusters, mostly 40 g and less. Vertex rot for 8 years has never been. In general, the characteristics are slightly different from those described by the originator, there may be a re-grading. I keep the bush in 2 stems, if you leave more, the fruits become smaller.

    Vadim

    I grow the Black Moor tomato in open ground (Tyumen), every year I plant no more than 5 bushes for food, I send those that are not ripe to the basement. We have them and they mature normally until the end of December, this year, even for Christmas, they decorated dishes with fresh, aromatic tomatoes. I have been growing the variety for 6 years, there were no problems (diseases, pests), the plants endure unfavorable weather, bear fruit abundantly. My tomato beds are located in a light shade (behind the old chubushnik), this does not in any way affect the growth of the bushes.

    The Black Moor tomato has drawbacks, but there are much more advantages; with proper care, the bushes are strewn with bunches of tasty, sweet, unusually colored fruits. Before the start of harvesting, it is difficult to determine the re-grading, but the gardeners noticed that if the seeds do not hatch for a long time during soaking or the crops germinate unevenly, then they have got a low-quality seed. Most often, plants obtained from such seeds produce fruits with a bland taste and thin skin.


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