Sowing calendar for 16.03 - gardeners and gardeners


March 2021

March 16, Tuesday, 3-4th lunar day. The waxing moon is in Aries

Recommended

Engage in the cultivation of the land: plow, dig up, loosen.

Replace potted soil with indoor plants.

Break through the seedlings, clean the crowns of large-sized plants from diseased, dry and thickening shoots.

Cut off excess mustache from strawberries, remove weeds and root shoots.

Pinch the tips of the shoots to stimulate branching.

Treat indoor flowers for thrips and whiteflies, and garden plants for bud mites.

Spray garden trees and shrubs with urea to supply them with nitrogen, and Bordeaux liquid to destroy overwintered pests and pathogens.

Embed granular mineral fertilizer into the ground.

Maybe

Sow (but not plant) crops that produce fast growing greens:

  • Chinese cabbage;
  • salads - watercress and arugula;
  • parsley on greens;
  • cilantro;
  • basil;
  • mustard leaf;
  • any kind of onion with a feather.

Not recommended

Engage in sowing and planting plants, the growing season of which is more than a month.

Form crowns by pruning: the shoots will grow very slowly.

Dive, pinch, plant cuttings for rooting and replant plants.

Apply liquid top dressing and water the plants.

Get vaccinated.

Literature

  1. Moon calendar
  2. Moon phases

Lunar calendar of summer cottages for March 1 - 15, 2020

March 1, the day of the growing moon in Taurus: on the first spring day, gardeners are advised to sow seeds of greens, tomatoes, and peppers. Gardeners are reminded: seedlings require care, watering, loosening.

March 2, the day of the growing moon in Gemini: thinning out germinated seedlings, planting beans, eggplant, melons.

March 3, the day of the growing moon in Gemini: an auspicious day for carrying out various works in the garden. We sow seeds for strong seedlings.

March 4, the day of the growing moon in Cancer: we plan to sow all types of seeds.

March 5, the day of the growing moon in Cancer: we soak and plant various crops. First of all, this applies to tomatoes, cucumbers, eggplant, peppers, zucchini, sunflower, cabbage.

March 6, the day of the growing moon in Leo: we plant tomatoes with cucumbers, peppers with eggplants.

March 7, the day of the growing moon in Leo: it's time for gardeners to take care of plants, flowers on their site. You should definitely look at the bushes.

March 8, the day of the growing moon in Virgo: a day of various works in greenhouses, preparing bulbs for planting.

March 9, full moon in Virgo: any work must be canceled.

March 10, the day of the waning moon in Libra: we plant annuals, ornamental and climbing plants.

March 11, the day of the waning moon in Libra: we plant bulbous, tuberous. Auspicious day for planting roses.

March 12, the day of the waning moon in Scorpio: potatoes and carrot seeds are planted in some regions. We sow celery, beets, onions.

March 13, the day of the waning moon in Scorpio: any planted plants will grow strong, hardy. The seedlings will be strong and disease resistant.

March 14, the day of the waning moon in Sagittarius: we plant seeds and roots.

March 15, the day of the waning moon in Sagittarius: today it is necessary to cultivate and fertilize the soil.


Sowing calendar for 16.03 - gardeners and gardeners - garden and vegetable garden

Everything for the garden and home
Tips for gardeners, gardeners and flower growers

Make your own plan-calendar of work in the garden and in the garden for the year
Analyze the past season, what you did and what went wrong. Discuss this experience and future plans with fellow gardeners.
Make a list of the work that you are going to do on the site next year. Go to seminars at institutes, horticultural stations, and botanical gardens. Go to exhibitions and sales of everything for the garden and vegetable garden.

Favorable days for grafting fruit
3, 4, 11-13, 20-23

Auspicious days for sowing seeds
27-29

Supplementing seedlings
It is necessary to supplement the seedlings on the northern windows and in places with insufficient lighting. Purchase energy saving or fluorescent lamps. Supplementation of plants should be continuous, continuing daylight hours. The total lighting time should be about 8 hours (of which additional lighting is 2-4 hours).

Sowing calendar for February

good days for tree pruning
1-5, 28-31

IN time to sow cold-resistant vegetables (as soon as the snow melts): carrots, parsley, dill, onions. After a week or two, you can sow beets. Don't waste time, especially if there is steady warming.
Sowing beets. Beets can be grown after many vegetable crops, although it is best not to place them after other root crops. Early crops are mainly used for beam production in summer. If you plan to plant beets for winter storage, it is worth sowing them in the second period - at the beginning of May. The seeds are placed at a distance of 7-10 cm in the furrows, 45-50 cm are left between the rows. Usually, the seeds of beets are accrete, so the bores will have to be thinned out so that there is a distance of 10-15 cm between them. lead to unjustified overconsumption of seeds, and more rare plantings - to low yields. If the soil is dry, the bottom of the furrow should be watered before sowing.

Seedling root parsley
This is a fairly late culture, and it takes a long time to wait for seedlings. If you have not sown parsley before winter, do it in early spring, planting it under plastic or agrofibre. After a month, when the sunrises appear, do thinning, leaving 3-4 cm between the plants. Care is reduced to loosening and watering. If desired, the leaves can be cut for greens. Root crops are harvested in October.
Celery seedlings
This culture sprouts for a long time, but it is better to grow celery seedlings, since the seeds are very small (1 g will yield up to 800 shoots). Also, seedlings need to be thinned out. You can cook celery seedlings, but not in the room, but on the plot, after sowing, covered with foil or agrofibre.

Sowing mid-season cabbage, estrogon
After the 20th of April, seeds of mid-season varieties of white cabbage, red cabbage, Savoy cabbage, Brussels sprouts, and extrogon are sown in cold nurseries. The nursery is arranged in a sunny place protected from the wind. If the area allotted for cabbage was not previously fertilized, then from autumn compost is introduced under it (56 kg / m2), and before sowing with nitrophosphate (30-40 g / m2). A dry bed is well watered before sowing. Sowing furrows 1.5-2.5 cm deep at a distance of 15-20 cm are made across a well-leveled bed. The seeds are sown at a distance of 1 cm from each other. When the soil dries up, the bed is moistened, simultaneously removing weeds. Seedlings appear on the 7-10th day. After 1-2 weeks, the seedlings are thinned out, leaving 3-5 cm between the plants.

Sowing carrots, onions, parsley, radishes, lettuce, etc.
At the end of the month, as soon as the soil permits, sow carrots for early consumption, onion seeds for sets and turnips, parsley, as well as anise, common beans, peas, mustard, coriander, parsnips, radishes, turnips, lettuce, asparagus, chicory root, spinach, savory, etc. Warm onion sets stored at low temperatures. When planting onion sets, do not tighten. The parsley and celery left for the winter will be used up.
Sowing spinach
In the open field, spinach seeds are sown after 20-30 days, from the end of this month. On lighter soils, the crop is grown on a flat surface using a multi-line belt method according to a 35 x 75 cm scheme.On heavy loams, before winter, spinach is sown on ridges according to a 30x80 cm scheme.The seeding rate is 250-400 g per 1 hundred square meters (200-400 seeds per 1 m2 ). Before and after sowing, the soil is rolled up. Embedding depth - 2-3 cm.
Growing lettuce
You can start planting the salad until April 10, the second time it is planted immediately after harvesting the first from June 1 to July 1, the third time - from August 20 to September 10. The end of the harvesting of the third turn is November 10. Using agrofibre can significantly lengthen the harvest period. Lettuce can also be grown in a continuous conveyor, planting small areas every 8-10 days. This makes it easier to clean and use or sell the product.

Favorable days for sowing carrots, onions, parsley, radishes
for spinach

25-29

Cutting climbing roses
Pruning climbing roses begins with the removal of dry, sick, frozen young and very old (over 10 years old) stems. They are cut out at the very base. If the bush after this remains too thick, cut out and less old (5-6 years) stems, primarily those with dark spots, tears, cracks, leaving no more than 15 strong uneven-aged stems. Of these, last year's gains will be the most productive. Then, on the remaining stems, the lateral branches are shortened (by 3-4 buds), and, if necessary, the ends of the stems (to the desired length). After pruning, the stems with branches are tied to a support so that they do not shade each other later.

• Cultivation tall tomatoes (De Barao and others) has its own characteristics. They are also planted in two rows in a checkerboard pattern, but the distances between plants in a row are increased to 70-90 cm. For planting seedlings, holes are dug 40x40 cm deep on a shovel bayonet. At the bottom of each hole, put half a bucket of humus, a glass of ash.

Planting eggplants
Seedlings at the age of 70-80 days are planted after early tomatoes and peppers, with the onset of stable warm weather. Seedlings brought out ahead of time can wither before warming, and a delay in planting leads to a decrease in yield. On the eve of planting, eggplants are watered abundantly. This culture takes root slowly, about 20 days. To speed up the process, the seedlings are planted in moist soil in the afternoon on the southern or eastern slope of the ridge.

Gardening in JUNE. Hot time.
Garden
Now it is good to carry out the pinching. bending or breaking off improperly growing shoots, as well as removing root shoots of trees. In an apple tree and a pear, they break or break at the base and leave, directing to a free place, vertically growing spinning tops in the upper part of all skeletal and pluskeletal branches.

LANDING DEPTH AND POOLING VEGETABLES
When planting seedlings of cauliflower, stalked celery, head lettuce, make sure that the growing point is not in the ground. Otherwise, the plants may die. But leeks like a deep planting (depth 15 cm), asparagus rhizomes are planted 20 cm below the soil surface. They love hilling with earth 2 weeks after the emergence of potatoes, 10 days after planting seedlings in the garden - cauliflower, broccoli, kohlrabi, tomatoes.
You do not need to hud cucumbers; in contact with cold and damp earth, the stems can rot

Late cabbage
Seedlings of late cabbage are planted in the ground in the first decade of June. Plants are arranged in rows every 70 cm and at a distance of 50-60 cm in a row. Planting seedlings is carried out in the same way as for medium cabbage.
• Mid-season cabbage started growing. Plants are huddled so that they do not collapse and form additional roots. Water regularly, once or twice a week at a rate of 10-15 liters per 1 sq. M. Hot weather negatively affects the development of plants, the size of the head of cabbage sharply decreases, the lower leaves dry out and fall off. During the formation of the head of cabbage, the irrigation rate is increased to 15-20 liters per 1 sq. M. Top dressing with mullein solution is done twice a month.
• Early and cauliflower in June is time to harvest. The cabbage is cut off, avoiding cracking of the cabbage, the cauliflower is harvested selectively, as it ripens.

Tomato care
Tomatoes are growing, and it's time to form bushes. 10-12 days after transplanting, tomatoes are watered regularly, five to six days before flowering and four days during flowering, depending on the weather. Watering rate is 1 liter per plant. When grown in a plastic greenhouse during the day, it is necessary to open the greenhouse for airing and pollination, although tomatoes can be pollinated by themselves without the help of insects. In calm weather, artificial pollination is done by lightly shaking the bushes or tapping on the twine at least twice a week. In cloudy weather, pollen becomes incapable of pollination, and so that the flowers do not crumble, they must be sprayed twice, with an interval of three days, with a weak solution of boric acid.

All pumpkin plants - cucumbers, squash, watermelons, melons - yield high yields only with good care.

In zucchini, the main stem is pinched at the beginning of budding, and the lateral ones - when they are 35-40 cm long. Typical fruits are left until autumn for seeds, for consumption they are cut off at a length of 15-20 cm together with the stalk.

Cucumber care
Cucumbers are watered with a watering can with a strainer after four to six days, being careful not to get on the leaves. Irrigation rate - 10 l per 1 sq. M. The best time to water is early morning or evening.
Cucumbers do not like high doses of fertilizers. The first feeding is done two to three weeks after planting, at which time the plants usually bloom. The rest of the dressing is done at intervals of 7-10 days. At the beginning of growth, cucumbers require loose soil. Their roots are located very close to the surface, therefore, loosening must be done very carefully, with a small nail. Bare roots are not sprinkled with earth, as they can rot.

• At first, cucumbers grow slowly, only after 12-15 days a second leaf appears. Then each new leaf appears in three to four days, then, every other day, every day, and even later - two or more leaves a day. After the formation of six to eight leaves on the main stem (early ripening varieties have four to six leaves), lateral shoots appear. In order for powerful tops to grow and fruiting begins sooner, it is necessary to completely remove the lateral shoots in the axils of 3 - 4 lower leaves, while they are small. It is necessary to remove it in the morning so that by the evening the wound heals up and the infection does not get there.
• The yield of cucumbers depends on the number of female flowers. Flowering begins on the 30-35th day after germination. Male flowers (they are without ovary) in most varieties appear first on the main stem, and female flowers - on lateral shoots. To speed up the appearance of female flowers, plants are watered only with warm water, and at the beginning of the appearance of buds, watering is stopped a few days before flowering.
Attracting bees
To attract pollinating bees, it is good to spray the plants with a weak solution of honey (1 teaspoon per 1 liter), but manual pollination is often necessary, especially when growing cucumbers in greenhouses. With a cotton swab, they take pollen from a male flower and transfer it to female ones. This is best done in the morning when the flowers are fully open. Diseases in cucumbers are highly dependent on growing conditions. They are affected by powdery mildew, anthracnose, spotting, gray rot. If individual affected plant parts are found, they must be immediately removed and burned, and the plants should be sprayed with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid. If necessary, spraying should be repeated after one to two weeks, but no later than two weeks before harvest.

Strawberry care
After the end of fruiting, garden strawberries begin to grow whiskers. During this period, plants are especially in need of nutrients, in particular. In nitrogen. If you did not feed the strawberries before planting, then do it now. Organic or complex mineral fertilizers. It is advisable to mow the leaves only immediately after the last harvest. If you do it later. That can harm the plants. Systematically remove the growing strawberry whiskers with the rosettes developing on them (unless you left them for propagation). This significantly increases the winter hardiness and productivity of plants next year.

Planting clematis
Planting pits are prepared with a depth of 70-80cm and a diameter of 60-70cm.Drainage from expanded clay is laid at the bottom. Broken bricks or crushed stone with a layer of 10-15 cm. 20-25 kg of humus, 15 kg of peat and 200 g of complete mineral fertilizer and superphosphate are added to the soil and everything is thoroughly mixed. The optimal planting option, during which the plant receives the most favorable conditions for survival, is with the preservation of feed. In this case, the plastic container where the clematis grows is carefully cut and the seedlings are planted 10-12 cm deeper. Than they grew in a container. Deepening the root collar will protect the plant from overheating and frost. A support is installed near the plant and the hole is covered with nutritious soil to ground level, and the protruding shoots are cut off above the second or third bud.

Your flower garden
At the beginning of the month, dig out small bulbous plants that have completed their growing season: crocuses, spills, chiondoxes, snowdrops, muscari, etc. Then do the same with narcissus bulbs (every 3-5 years), tulip and hyacinth (every year). Dry them in the attic, in the shade, in a well-ventilated place. After that, clean the bulbs from soil, dead scales and debris. Keep dry until autumn planting.
Water the flowers sparingly, but generously. Feed flowering perennials and annuals with complex mineral fertilizers every 2-3 weeks. Apply them, both dry and liquid, only to wet soil in the morning or evening. Pull off dried buds to prevent seed formation and plant weakening. Pull out weeds and loosen the soil in the flower garden. The soil can be mulched with peat, sawdust or dry hay. This will keep it dry and keep weeds from growing.

Gardening in JULY. Time for proper watering.
Garden
In a young garden in the first half of July, pinch strong shoots. In order to subsequently transfer them to overgrowing branches. If growth has ended, you can bend and tie up excess strong branches to weaken their growth and accelerate fruiting. In the second half of the month, start budding wild birds in the nursery and young trees in the garden, replanting branches 7-10 mm thick.
Re-normalize fruits, removing underdeveloped and damaged ones. Thin healthy ones too, leaving large-fruited varieties (apple and pear) at each point of fruiting, one fruit every 10-15 cm (with a dense arrangement of ringlets and rings). Install supports under the branches overloaded with crops. Remove root growth and suckers from trees.
We fight pests of fruit trees
Continue to fight diseases and pests of the apple tree. Pears, plums, cherries. Collect the carrion systematically and destroy it. On the lower part of the trees, place trapping belts made of burlap, corrugated or newsprint paper 10-15 cm wide, tie with twine so that the edges do not fit snugly against the trunk and attract caterpillars and other pests. After a while, remove the trapping belt and destroy it.

Beans
The beans ripen in mid-July. Harvesting begins when most of the beans turn yellow. The harvested beans are dried in the sun, threshed and poured into bags. The beans suffer from the bean weevil. To combat it, the harvested grain is placed in the freezer of the refrigerator for 16 hours.
• Curly beans are grown on trellises, they are very decorative, productive and bloom until frost. An interesting trellis made in the form of a cone 2 m high and a base diameter of 1 m.

Peas and Beans
In the second decade of July, peas and beans begin to ripen. The pods can be harvested "on the shoulder" 8-10 days after flowering: the leaves of the sugar varieties remain juicy at this time, and the seeds are just beginning to form. For green peas, the harvest is harvested 12-15 days after flowering, when the leaves remain green, juicy and at the same time well filled with peas containing the greatest amount of sugar. The whitish color of the pods and the appearance of the net indicate that the peas are overripe.

Peas are harvested as they ripen every two to three days. Cleaning is done in the morning or in the evening.
• Green peas are a perishable product: the duration of its storage in the shutters does not exceed 10-12 hours, without them (in a vessel with water cooled to 10C) about 6 hours.

Whole vegetable beans for human consumption (grains with valves) are harvested when the valves are still juicy and the grain diameter does not exceed 1 cm. The beans are then harvested in milky ripeness when the seeds reach full size for the variety. The crop is harvested in three to four doses with an interval of 8-10 days. The beans are picked by hand or cut with scissors, being careful not to damage the plants.

We harvest cucumbers correctly
The time for mass picking of cucumbers begins. Since the fruits of the cucumber are mainly poured at night, then on the eve of collection (preferably before 6 pm) they are watered with warm water. Young, medium-sized fruits, have a delicate taste and are more suitable for canning.
• The greatest yield is obtained with more frequent sopax, especially on warm sunny days. In cloudy weather, cucumbers are collected less often. All fruits that have reached normal size are harvested. They are removed by pressing with a thumb on the stalk or cutting with a knife, without lifting the whip or turning them over. In rainy and cold summers, ugly fruits (hooks) are often formed due to insufficient fertilization of the ovaries or with a lack of moisture and disease damage to plants. They should not be left on the plants, regardless of their size.

Onion
Onions on a turnip are about to ripen. Watering onions should be reduced to a minimum, and completely stopped in the third decade of July. Excessive moisture during this period delays the maturation of the bulbs, and they are poorly stored. For better formation of the crop, before ripening onions, it is recommended to shake off the soil from the bulbs so that they are better illuminated by the sun, and bend the feathers of the plants to the ground.

Parsley, Onion on a feather
Green vegetables must be harvested in a timely manner, as they quickly lose their quality. They can be successfully stored in plastic bags with a capacity of up to 1 kg. The filled bags are placed vertically open in the cellar. At a temperature of 0 - + 1 ° C, onion greens are stored for 1.5 months, and other green vegetables for two to three months with insignificant losses. This is facilitated by the high humidity stored in the bags.

Cabbage
They continue to harvest broccoli, cauliflower, Chinese cabbage and early white cabbage. In years with abundant rainfall, cabbage heads are severely cracked. To avoid this, part of the roots is cut with a shovel.
• At the end of July, they begin to selectively harvest kohlrabi, giving preference to stems with a diameter of 7-8 cm. Overripe stems have coarse fibers at the bottom, but the upper part remains tender for a long time.

Harvested beet root crops of early-ripening varieties, carrots and rutabagas with a diameter of 2, 1-1.5, 5-8 and 8-12 cm, respectively, selectively - summer radish and root celery.

Potatoes
They start harvesting potatoes immediately after the tubers ripen. Ranium potatoes grown for summer consumption are usually harvested with green tops or early yellowing. The maximum yield is formed by the time the foliage dries up. At this time, the dry matter and starch content in the tubers increases.
• The bushes carefully dig in, find the largest tubers (do not touch the small ones) and tear them off the stolons, after which the plants are covered with moist soil. As a result, some of the roots remain intact and the bushes do not stick. Young potatoes contain less starch, but they have more vitamin C than old ones. Such tubers quickly lose moisture and are stored for a short period.
• A week before the mass harvest, which in the Non-Black Earth Region occurs at the end of July, all tops are mowed or cut to prevent infection of the tubers. The mowed tops are burned or removed from the site. In wet years, it is impossible to be late in harvesting: tubers are strongly affected by late blight and other diseases, and their quality and preservation deteriorate sharply.
• Harvested potatoes are dried in the sun for two weeks, which promotes early corking of the peel and protects the tubers from disease damage during storage. In wet weather, the potatoes are ventilated under a canopy. During this time (treatment period), diseased tubers, especially those affected by bacterial and fungal diseases, are detected. Then he sorts the crop, dividing it into fractions: seed, food for storage and sale, for livestock feed. The latter includes tubers with mechanical damage and small ones.

Works in the vineyard
• In July, it is important to protect the grapes from fungal diseases. Treat in hot dry weather every 20 days.
• At the beginning of the month, while pouring berries, feed the bushes with preparations containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium.
• Perform green operations regularly: tie growing shoots to a trellis and remove stepchildren. At the end of the month, early grape varieties begin to ripen.

Lawn mowing
The first mowing of the lawn is carried out when the height of the blades of grass reaches 10 cm. In this case, you need to cut off only 1 cm from the top. After making sure of the high-quality sharpening of the knives. In the future, the grass must be cut no more than one third of its height in one cut, otherwise it loses its nutrients and weakens. On average, the growth of grass before cutting should be 10-12cm. regular mowing of the lawn (every 5-8 days) is carried out before the onset of autumn cold weather. Each next haircut should be done at an angle to the previous one. Do not mow immediately after fertilizing and if the grass is wet.
During dry times, the lawn should not be cut too short, as this may dry out the plants.

Lunar calendar recommendations for JULY


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