How to store onions and garlic so as not to rot - 3 reliable ways

In order to prevent onion and garlic stocks from starting to rot during storage, you should use one of the proven methods.

On a layer of salt at the bottom of a basket or drawer

Table salt is an excellent preservative. It keeps food fresh for a long time. To properly store it in salt, you need a large wicker basket or wooden box. Cover the bottom with a thin kitchen towel or clean cotton cloth.

This is important so that the salt does not fall out of the cracks and absorb moisture, and air is provided to the food. That is why you should not use plastic wrap instead of fabric.

Sprinkle the salt on a towel in a layer about 1 cm thick. Then place the onions or heads of garlic on it. You can put vegetables in several tiers, sprinkling them with salt. The box is placed in a warm, dry place, for example, in a pantry or on a warmed loggia. Under these conditions, the product will not dry out or rot.

In nylon stockings

This storage option is very convenient and practical, and it doesn't take much space to place a stylized container. Homemade nets can be hung in the kitchen, balcony, closet, or even in the room.The principle is simple: a nylon stocking is filled with onions or heads of garlic and hung on a hook. Capron is almost transparent, so you can control the amount of the product and its condition.

In addition, modern materials used in women's clothing provide good ventilation to the skin. Therefore, products in a nylon stocking will "breathe", and excess moisture will evaporate in a timely manner.

Thanks to this, the heads will not dry out and dry out. If in this way the onions and garlic are hung in the country, then there is no need to be afraid of insects and small rodents.

On sawdust

Wood sawdust has a unique drainage property. This means that the shavings during storage of vegetables will absorb excess moisture from them. This prevents mold from building up in the store.

For this storage method, wooden boxes or cardboard boxes are suitable.

A thick layer of dry sawdust must be poured onto the bottom of the container. On top, put the heads of garlic or onions, placing them in dense rows in 3-4 tiers. Each tier should be additionally sprinkled with a small amount of sawdust so that the vegetables come into contact with each other as little as possible.

Between the rows, it is recommended to put several leaves of bay leaf, which has the property of repelling insect pests with its specific smell.

In such conditions, garlic and onions can last for years. But it must be borne in mind that vegetables left for long-term storage must be perfectly dry.

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What type of worms is the onion nematode, and how to deal with it

Nematoda is a dangerous pest that inhibits the development of plants and leads to their death. This tiny worm causes great damage to both private gardens and large farms.

Onion nematode causes rotting of onion heads, death of the root system and stems. Contaminated crops become unfit for human consumption. From the article you will learn what the onion and garlic stem nematode is and how to deal with it.

Planting time for winter garlic: 35-45 days before frost (second half of September - early October).

Preparation of planting material. For the successful cultivation and care of winter garlic, large and medium bulbs should be planted, before planting, dividing them into cloves weighing 3-6 g. Bulbs with only 2-3 cloves, even if they are large, are unsuitable for planting. This number suggests that the plant is degenerating. If you propagate garlic only with cloves for a long time, pathogens begin to accumulate in it, which is also the cause of degeneration.

Therefore, every 3-4 years it is necessary to update the planting material.

Damaged teeth are discarded during the selection of seed.

If at least one diseased clove is found, all the inoculum must be soaked 12 hours before planting in a 1% solution of copper sulfate or in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Also, before planting, they can be warmed up for 8-10 hours at a temperature of 40-42 ° C. At the same time, the room should be well ventilated. Do not remove the upper dry scales from the teeth, this will avoid damage from diseases.

It is not always advisable to grow garlic from chives, therefore, the best plants are identified in advance, on which arrows with inflorescences are specially left. After the "wrapper" bursts on them and the bulbs acquire a characteristic color, the plant is completely pulled out of the soil and dried. Before sowing, the largest healthy bulbs are selected and planted in the beds.

Preparing the soil before planting. Garlic has an underdeveloped root system, which is located in the upper layer of the soil, for this reason the plant needs a neutral fertile soil. At the same time, it is not recommended to plant it in the lowlands, because melt water accumulates there in the spring, and on the hills, since the winter wind blows off the snow, which leads to freezing of the landings.

According to the rules of agricultural technology of winter garlic, its predecessor must be harvested no later than the end of July, so that the soil has time to rest.

Good predecessors would be: early white cabbage and cauliflower, root crops, pumpkins, early green crops and legumes, under which manure was applied. It grows poorly after potatoes, bulbs and tomatoes. Garlic should not be grown in one place more than once every 4-5 years. It is not recommended to plant it on fresh manure, because from this it can suffer from diseases and pests.

Sandy loam soils are preferred for planting winter garlic in autumn. The beds should be prepared 1-1.5 weeks before planting. To do this, the soil is dug to a depth of 25 cm. All weeds are thoroughly removed, 5-6 kg of humus are introduced (but, in no case, fresh manure), 20 g of potassium salt and 30 g of superphosphate per 1 m2. 1-2 days before planting, ammonium nitrate is also applied to the soil, using 10-12 g of fertilizer per 1 m2 of soil. The dry ground is watered, and the bed is covered with foil before planting the garlic.

Onion wreaths

For a wreath, choose bulbs of the same size with long tails, preferably not very large, then they will not break off during weaving.

To weave an onion wreath, you need to fasten the bulbs together with the tails in a circle. This method is less reliable in comparison with the previous one, but it is very popular among gardeners. Garlic is often stored in the same way.

A ready-made wreath of onions or garlic can be left in any spacious room with little humidity.

Storing garlic

Garlic is a little more difficult than onion. The thing is that garlic is divided into two categories: it is spring and winter. It is more difficult to grow spring garlic, however (maybe now someone will be very surprised) it can be stored for up to one and a half years without problems (and loss of quality), but winter garlic is stored much less, although the storage methods are essentially the same.

We recommend using winter garlic for food or counting on a maximum of a couple of months of storage, and of course, also use spring garlic for food, but we will help you to learn how to store it until the next harvest.

Storing garlic in wood chips.

Preparing garlic for storage

If you want to break the record for the preservation of garlic, then be sure to cut off the entire aboveground part (if you do not want to keep it in braids, like onions) and the root system after digging or buying, and then over the gas stove, with the burner on, you should burn the places of both cuts, then dry the heads in a dry room during the day, turning them once a day to another barrel.

Advice. The aerial part and roots of the garlic can be removed either with sharp scissors or with an ordinary sharp knife. At the same time, you should try to cut the stems not completely, but leave a couple of centimeters at the very head.

Garlic can be stored in pigtails, linen bags, onion skins, in a hanging net, in sunflower oil, flour, and salt.

Storing garlic in pigtails

Perhaps people were sick less before, because in each hut there hung a pair of braids made of onions and garlic. In order to braid a pigtail, of course, the stalks of garlic should not be cut off, they are woven in the most commonplace pigtail and hung on a nail in a convenient place.

What are the pros? Garlic is always at hand - reached out tore off, you see the state of the heads and if any of them suddenly began to deteriorate, then it needs to be cut off and phytoncides emanating from garlic should be thrown away, they kill harmful microbes and, as one grandmother said, they expel evil spirits ...

What are the disadvantages - rubbish, tear off the head of garlic and the "husks" from its shell will certainly scatter everywhere, because they are quite dry. And if you go away, say, on vacation and one of the bulbs decays, you may come across an apartment or a house captured by a swarm of fruit flies upon arrival.

Storing garlic in bags

A linen bag - it breathes, lets air in, removes excess moisture and therefore the garlic lies there as if it had just been dug from the garden. One drawback - you will have to empty out the contents once a month and check for rot: if there is, then carefully examine each head, and then put the "precious garlic" back into the bag. Cons - no phytoncidal effect in the room, and I think there can be no talk of evil spirits.

Storing garlic sprinkled with onion peels

Sprinkled with onion peel - this is how a brother helps his brother: garlic in the onion husk is perfectly protected. Of course, if the heads are dry, scorched, healthy. All that is needed is a box made of cardboard one and a half kilogram with a capacity, into which onion peel is poured into the base, then a kilogram of garlic and then all this is filled with onion peel so that it fills the entire space.

The box is closed, drainage holes are made in it, and the garlic is well stored. Further, once a month or more often it is simply checked: there are no diseased bulbs, that's all.

Storing garlic in a net

Exactly like onions, heads of garlic weighing 3-4 kilograms (in total) can be hung in a net on a hook or a heated balcony and removed from there as needed. Gardeners noticed that garlic is stored longer in a suspended state than when it is in a lying state, i.e. when one head presses on the other.

Unusual ways to store garlic

In sunflower oil... You will have to tinker here, but, firstly, this method is suitable for storing both spring and winter garlic. Whole heads, alas, or maybe it's, on the contrary, good, it is impossible to use, you need to divide the head into teeth and carefully clean each one.

Further, it all depends on the amount of garlic you have. Of course, this method cannot be considered as such, with which you can save several tens of kilograms of garlic, but a dozen heads - it is quite possible and they will always be at your fingertips in the form of peeled cloves splashing in oil and stored "forever".

So, we divided the head into slices, cleaned each slice, now we need to find an empty, clean, preferably pasteurized jar. Usually they take a liter jar up to half, fill it with refined (precisely refined) sunflower oil, and then slowly pour so much garlic into it so that the oil rises to the top of the jar, it remains to close it with a lid and put it in an ordinary household refrigerator.

The most interesting thing is that the heads of garlic do not spoil and the oil, it acquires a pleasant garlic flavor and goes well for all sorts of spicy salads.

Storing garlic in jars of flour: here you can use any glass jars by volume, from which it will be convenient for you to get garlic. Banks must be clean, sterilized. This method has three storage options, either store whole heads of garlic in jars of flour, or store whole cloves, or peeled cloves - whoever wishes and for whom as convenient. In my opinion, it is more optimal - just cloves of garlic, of course, in skins.

Next, you simply pour a couple of centimeters of flour onto the bottom of the can, a layer of garlic cloves, again a couple of centimeters of flour, and so on to the top of the can. After that, the cans need to be closed, but with a plastic lid (and not rolled up tightly) so that they can be opened periodically and see if the flour is damp (the can must be absolutely dry).

Of course, this method also has one drawback: how to understand if the cloves of garlic in the jar suddenly began to deteriorate? We'll have to empty out the contents of the jar every month and check everything. By the way, if you want to quickly separate the teeth from the flour, then just sift it through a sieve, the teeth will remain in it.

There is one more way storing garlic in combination with flour, it is necessary to hammer the jar to capacity with teeth, leaving only a couple of centimeters of free space on top. So, you need to pour in enough flour so that it covers this free space, and then close the jar with a lid. Here it is easier to observe the teeth and check if they have begun to deteriorate and if the flour has become damp. If it starts to get damp, then remove it as carefully as possible so that it does not get inside the can, remove it and replace it with a new one, completely dry.

Salt... You can use plain table salt instead of flour. But you need to do it differently: first, pour table salt on the bottom of the can, then put the garlic and so on, layer by layer, until the end of the can. The salt should be dry, but as you know, it absorbs moisture, so it can dry out the garlic, hence no lid is needed.

As you can see, there are many ways to store onions and garlic, even very much, choose any and let's arrange a small vote in the comments. Who considers the storage method to be the best of those listed, write and indicate why.

Storage methods

Every housewife knows how to preserve garlic for the winter. Our task is to save heads as long as possible, despite the possible lack of optimal conditions, especially in a city apartment with an unglazed balcony. At least - until the New Year, even better - until a new crop grows.

Favorable storage conditions

There are many ways to store garlic in winter. Let's talk about the most popular ones.

  1. Scattered on the shelves. The heads are laid out in a layer no more than 15 cm. Suitable for large storage areas.
  2. Wooden or cardboard boxes. It differs from the previous storage method only in compact placement.
  3. Mesh or nylon stockings. The bags suspended on hooks do not take up much space. In a city apartment, such garlic will dry out quickly.
  4. Braids or loose tufts. With this storage, you do not need to trim the tops after drying. It is impossible to keep such beauty at home - it will dry out, and rather quickly. Before tying garlic, think about where and under what conditions you will store it.

    To prevent the pigtail from falling apart, weave a strong rope or twine into it.
  5. Glass jars. Perhaps this is the best storage method for the conditions of a city apartment. Simply fold the prepared heads into a clean jar and place them on the bottom shelf of the cabinet.
  6. Plastic containers with holes. Improvement of the previous method.
    Where to store garlic is better, the biologist advises:
  7. Paraffin. Melt the store candles, lower the prepared heads into the hot mass for 2-3 seconds. They can be stored in almost any condition after drying. Thanks to paraffin, the teeth do not dry out and are protected from waterlogging and uncomfortable temperatures.
  8. Refrigerator . It is impossible to store garlic for a long time in such conditions, but sometimes there is simply no other way out. At least do not put the heads in the vegetable drawer, it is better to place them on the doors.
  9. In flour.
  10. In the ash.

You can find advice to store peeled cloves in roasted sunflower oil, sometimes even with the addition of iodine. The method is, of course, interesting. But this is more a method of making aromatic oil, rather than storing garlic in winter conditions.

Unfavorable storage conditions

Often the crop dries up or germinates before the New Year. This is due to unsuitable storage conditions, which are important to be aware of.

  1. In salt. Unfortunately, this storage method is used quite often, but unsuccessfully. Salt has a remarkable ability to draw moisture out of its surroundings. Putting garlic in it and waiting for it not to dry is unreasonable.
  2. In a refrigerator . Long-term storage of heads in a refrigerator is impossible.
  3. In sealed bags or cling film. On the one hand, moisture is saved, and on the other, being released from vegetables, it settles on the inside of the polyethylene in the form of condensation. This leads to rotting of the heads.
  4. Separate teeth. Can garlic be stored by disassembling it into wedges? Of course not. It will dry out or germinate very quickly, depending on the humidity of the environment.

Watch the video: 5 Ways to Store Onions for Long Term Weeks, Months, or 1 Year CiCi Li - Asian Home Cooking Recipes

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