Fruit and berry plants
The desire of amateur winegrowers to grow good yields on their site is understandable, and most importantly, it is quite possible to achieve this, you just need to choose the right varieties that can bear fruit even in adverse conditions.
Among the many varieties and hybrids of grapes that yield crops in various regions, we advise you to take a closer look at the wonderful variety with the unusual name Amirkhan.
Amirkhan, a high-yielding and frost-resistant table grape variety, was obtained at the Novocherkassk Scientific Research Institute named after Ya.I. Potapenko by crossing two grape varieties with each other: the Hungarian Pearl Saba and the Uzbek Yagdon.
The variety became widespread in the central, southern regions, in the North-West of Russia, in the Far East region and in Siberia.
Amirkhan belongs to early ripening grape varieties. The time interval between the opening of the buds and the ripening of the fruit is approximately 110 to 120 days. The rate of maturation of the culture depends on the characteristics of the climate of the region. Amirkhan is usually harvested from mid-August to September.
In the photo: Amirkhan grape on the vine
The Amirkhan bush is medium in size, the cuttings of the plant are easily adaptable, the vine ripens well. The formation of both female and male flowers on the plant facilitates the process of pollination of both the bush itself and neighboring plants. The vine is large, the shoots grow quickly. Amirkhan's leaves are ovoid, slightly dissected.
About 3 kg of fruit can be removed from one grape bush.
Amirkhan's large bunches of attractive cylindrical-conical shape have a dense structure and weigh from 400 g to 800 g. Large and medium-sized grapes are oval in shape and weigh 45 g. The weight of one berry is about 46 grams. The pulp of the fruit is juicy, sweet and sour taste with a slight nutmeg tinge. The thinnest outer shell and small grape seeds are not felt during the meal. The berries are pale pink in color with a yellowish tinge. When ripe, they become brighter. Ripe bunches hang on the bush for a long time, without losing either taste or presentation. In bunches, the berries are arranged so tightly to each other that the fruits in the depths of the brush may be slightly flattened from the sides.
In the photo: Amirkhan variety
The issue of growing the Amirkhan variety in areas with cold natural conditions is solved by grafting a crop on a rootstock that is resistant to frost. The grafted shoots hatch well and ripen. If in the region of growing crops April and May are accompanied by frosts or temperature changes, the vine should be covered with foil. To grow Amirkhan grapes in the northern regions, you need to take good care of it, but the harvest will pay off all your efforts.
The best soil for Amirkhan is black soil saturated with minerals: grapes in it give a good harvest even without grafting. This means that the grapes will take all the necessary substances from the soil on their own. Amirkhan needs sunlight and warmth, and without them, the ripening of the vine can not wait. In this regard, the planting of grapes is carried out in a sunny place, protected from the cold wind, for example, along the fence or next to the wall of the building, but if this is not possible, it is necessary to build protective screens for Amirkhan.
In the photo: Tying grapes
Planting crops is carried out in the spring at a positive average daily temperature, but planting holes for seedlings are best prepared in the fall. Grapes are planted in pits 80 cm deep, located at a distance of 2.5 m from each other.
Before planting, the root part of the seedling is soaked in a solution of a growth stimulator for 2 days.
A drainage layer is placed at the bottom of the planting pit, then a soil mixture consisting of soil, humus, sand and mineral fertilizer is poured in a slide. A peg is stuck in the center of the pit, which will be used as a support for the seedling, and a galvanized or plastic pipe is dug in closer to the wall, which is later used for irrigation. The vine is placed in a pit, its roots are straightened and the hole is filled with a soil mixture of the composition already described. After planting, the seedling is watered. As a result, the root collar or the grafting site of the plant should be at the level of the surface of the site.
In the photo: Cooking a pit for grapes
Caring for the Amirkhan grape includes regular formative pruning of the bush. The need for this procedure is due to the fact that the variety is prone to the formation of too many shoots and inflorescences, and this negatively affects the yield and health of the plant. Overloading with heavy bunches occurs due to the appearance of many fruitful buds and leads to a gradual decrease in the size of the berries. Therefore, extra eyes and shoots must be removed in time.
In the photo: Grape growing
If more than 2 bunches are left on the branch, the berries that appear will become smaller and ripen a week or two later. In order to obtain optimal fruiting of the shoot after spring pruning, 48 eyes are left on it, and about 40 shoots on each bush. Weak, unnecessary stepsons pull out. Leaves that interfere with the airing of the bush are thinned out. In addition, a bush that is too thick due to the many green shoots in a humid climate can be affected by gray rot.
In the photo: Grape growing
This grape variety is watered as needed, trying to balance the moisture content: both waterlogging and insufficient watering should not be allowed. During drought, watering is carried out more often. After natural or artificial moistening, the soil around the bush is loosened, while removing weeds. To water, loosen and weed the root area less often, mulch the ground around the bush with organic material.
In the photo: Watering the grapes
For feeding Amirkhan grapes, mineral fertilizers (nitrogen, phosphorus, potash) are used, taken in small quantities. Organic fertilizers can be applied once every 2-3 years, and in both cases it is better to use solutions.
Amirkhan is characterized by an average index of resistance to frost. Its bushes can withstand a short drop in air temperature to -24 ° C, which means that in the northern regions, grape bushes need to be covered before the onset of cold weather, especially if a snowless winter is coming. If the grapes are not protected from low temperatures, the roots may freeze and the plant will die.
In the photo: Shelter of grapes for the winter
The Amirkhan grape has an average resistance to rot and other fungal diseases. For prevention purposes, in order to prevent the development of the disease, it is recommended to periodically treat the plant with fungicidal solutions. The first procedure is carried out before the beginning of flowering, and the last one - a few weeks before the ripening of the berries. This measure will protect the culture from various infections, harmful microorganisms, as well as prevent infection of Amirkhan with diseases from other crops.
The shelf life of the Amirkhan crop does not exceed 2 months. Store the bunches in a cool and dark place.
Sections: Fruit and berry plants Berry bushes Grapes Grapes
The grape variety Akademik, known by another name - Pamyati Dzheneyev, Akademik Avidzba, appeared relatively recently, but is already very popular among gardeners.
Grapes are one of the most ancient cultures that people began to cultivate. The first evidence of the cultivation of the plant is about 8000 years old and was found on the territory of modern Georgia.
Grapes are prized for both the flavor of their berries and their ability to ferment to form alcohol. There are many varieties of grapes that differ in flavor, color and berry size. Description of the grape variety Akademik, photos, reviews, video is presented below.
What are the varieties of Delight grapes. Descriptions and characteristics of white, black, red and original species. Rules for planting, growing and propagating crops.
Rules for the successful cultivation of table grapes of the Aleshenkin variety. Description of the bush, bunches and berries, yield and varietal characteristics of the culture, pros and cons, reviews of summer residents.
The subtleties of planting and growing frost-resistant grapes of the Victoria variety. Detailed description, varietal characteristics, advantages and disadvantages of culture, reviews of winegrowers.
How to plant and grow Augustine grapes in the country: detailed instructions for planting, growing and care. Description and varietal characteristics of the culture, reviews of summer residents.
Botanical description and characteristics of Rochefort grapes: from the appearance of the bush to the indicators of yield and fruit use. Basic planting methods and rules of care.
Secrets and rules of successful cultivation of Super Extra grapes on the territory of the summer cottage. Botanical description, photo and varietal characteristics of the fruit and berry culture.
How to plant and grow Baikonur table grapes in the country? Breeding history, descriptive characteristics, pros and cons, incidence of fruit and berry crops.
How to plant and grow interspecific grapes on the site Novocherkassk Anniversary. Breeding history, description of the bush, bunches and berries, characteristics of the fruit and berry culture.
The Transfiguration grape is one of the high-yielding early ripening hybrids with excellent taste. We understand its advantages and rules of agricultural technology: planting, care, protection from diseases and pests.
The common grape is a berry or a fruit: existing definitions and probable theories. Brief biological characteristics of a popular fruit crop.
Ozone grapes: description of the vine, bunches and berries, indicators of productivity, frost resistance, advantages and disadvantages. Achievements of amateur selection of the wine grower Pavlovsky.
Viticulture is a branch of the agro-industrial complex, which is becoming more and more popular every year. After all, it provides the population with fresh berries, and the industry with wine material. Thanks to successful breeding activities, today it is possible to grow a large number of various varieties of it in your own garden:
- nutmeg, etc.
In addition to the unique taste characteristics, the beneficial effect of grapes on the functioning of the human body is well known. It is used for increased blood pressure, blood diseases and other diseases. You can get acquainted with the varietal range, the rules of cultivation, care in this section of our website. Healthy, robust grape vines can be a worthy crown in the crown of your garden.
After purchasing seedlings, you can start planting, but to get a really good and healthy plant, you can prepare cuttings at home. To get good and high-quality grapes, cultivation and care are advised to be carried out as follows:
Cuttings are best planted in spring, in mid-April. If this happens in the fall (September-October), then the grapes should be carefully covered for the winter.
Kesha grapes are picky to care for. The variety is distinguished by its great vigor of growth, therefore, for better development of the vine, it is recommended to tie it to high supports. Since the shoots appear very quickly, the grapes should be pinched regularly, leaving one leaf at a time from the axillary bud. It is equally important to thin out the grapes in time, so that the berries are large and the bush is not overloaded.
Kesha grapes are recommended to be tied to high supports
The culture is responsive to good watering and fertilization. It is recommended to use complex dressings containing potassium and phosphorus, but use nitrogen only when necessary.
The Kesha variety has many advantages: presentable appearance of bunches, sweet harmonious taste of fruits, ease of care, high resistance to various diseases and low temperatures. Most gardeners regard it as one of the most elite, and are advised to grow several varieties on the site at once - in order to enjoy the excellent taste and bright aroma of grapes of all three varieties.
How surprisingly vertical landscaping transforms a garden or summer cottage. It gives the surrounding nature an extraordinary volume and three-dimensionality.
For vertical gardening, landscape architects, as a rule, use vines and ampelous crops.
One of the most beautiful and unusual liana in color, size and shape of leaves is an ornamental grape.
It can be used to shade and decorate gazebos, pergolas, fences, verandas. It looks great on arches in the form of tunnels or the entrance to a recreation area.
Decorative grapes will help hide old sheds and other unsightly buildings, and breathe life into vertical stone walls.
There are more than 50 types and varieties of decorative grapes. Most of them are evergreens and grow naturally in tropical and subtropical climates.
However, there are several very frost-resistant species that grow well in the northern regions of our country and calmly endure winter temperature drops of up to -45 degrees.
In addition, this grape is very unpretentious and does not require regular, careful maintenance.
We talked in detail about the history of the appearance of grapes, about the beneficial properties of its fruits, leaves and other parts of the plant, about planting and caring for this crop in our published articles:
But in these articles, they were mainly talking about fruit grapes, which require much more careful care, even its uncovered varieties.
However, the general agricultural technology of both table and ornamental grapes is very similar, so we will not dwell on these points in detail.
In this article, we will tell you about frost-hardy ornamental grapes, some of the features of planting and caring for it, and also present you the best varieties from our unique collection.
The decorative grape is a deciduous vine with three or five lobed leaves, delicate flowers gathered in panicles and emitting a wonderful aroma. The berries of ornamental grapes are small, but usually edible.
Ornamental grapes can be up to 30 m long, so they definitely need a support or an artificial trellis.
Moreover, it can be given any shape, forcing the liana to go up and down, thus creating the most bizarre forms of vertical gardening.
Young liana grows very quickly, adding up to 3.5 - 4 m per year. With the help of antennae or suction cups, it is securely attached to the support and therefore is not afraid of strong winds and any mechanical influences.
The size of the leaves of decorative grapes varies from 5 to 30 cm. The color can be the most unusual (one-, two- and multi-colored) and during the season it usually changes several times.
For the northern regions, we recommend three types of decorative grapes: Amur, Tri-pointed Wicha and Japanese Coigne... They are not afraid of severe frosts and are very undemanding to care for.
Grapes Amursky - the most frost-resistant (withstands winter frosts up to -43 degrees). For the winter, adult vines can not be removed from the supports: it will winter well and practically will not freeze.
By the way, it is this decorative species that also has very tasty fruits. True, they are quite small - but sweet and aromatic.
Tri-pointed grapesalso called ivy. Its not very large leaves, shaped like ivy leaves, form a solid green wall.
Moreover, this grape has amazing suction cups that contain a sticky substance and can even attach to a concrete wall or wooden arch with their help.
Japanese grapes ,perhaps the most beautiful of the three. Its huge (up to 30 cm in length) leaves are pale pink in spring, turn green by mid-summer, and at the end of August acquire a multi-colored color - from bright golden-orange to cherry-purple.
Such an amazing sight makes passers-by stop to admire this unearthly beauty.
Unlike fruit grapes, ornamental grapes rarely get sick and are practically not affected by characteristic "grape" diseases.
Ornamental grapes are long-lived. It can grow in one place for over 60 years without losing its amazing decorative effect.
Where to plant... Just like table grapes, decorative grapes are very fond of the sun, and are "afraid" of drafts.
It will grow poorly even in partial shade, so you still choose a place for it in a well-lit area - near the southern walls of the house, veranda or gazebo, fence and any other structures.
Does not tolerate ornamental grapes and close groundwater levels. If your site is located in a lowland, prepare a high bed for it (at least 50 cm high).
Soil... Grapes need light, friable, well water and air permeable, rich in organic matter, with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction of the medium.
Ornamental grapes will not grow on heavy and acidic soil. On such, it is necessary to first deoxidize with dolomite flour or crushed chalk (at the rate of 2 kg per 5 sq. M).
Landing features... Dig planting holes for decorative grapes with a depth and diameter of 65 cm. Remove all natural soil, setting aside the upper fertile layer.
Lay drainage on the bottom with a layer of 10 - 12 cm - best of all from limestone rubble, which today is brought to many regions of Russia from the southern regions of the country.
Fill the pits with an artificially prepared mixture, composing it from the upper fertile layer, leafy soil, rotted manure or compost and fine river sand in equal quantities.
Add half a bucket of wood ash to each hole, 2 tbsp. tablespoons of superphosphate, 1.5 tbsp. tablespoons of potassium sulfate and a glass of dolomite flour.
Be sure to deepen the root collar by 20 - 25 cm. Plant the grapes with a slight slope in the direction where the support is located.
If you plant decorative grapes near buildings with a sloping roof, from where rain or melt water will constantly drain, then step back 1.5 - 1.8 m from it, otherwise the grapes will die from constant soaking.
After planting, compact the soil around the plants and water them well with warm water at the rate of 2 watering cans each. After that, cover the entire ground under the decorative grapes with a 5 cm layer of straw.
Pruning... The main pruning for ornamental grapes is sanitary (removal of dry, frozen, old and strongly thickening layers).
For the winter, mulch the entire planting area with dry leaves with a layer of 50 cm and on top lay one layer of spruce branches "with needles up" so that rodents do not get to the tasty vine.
Now that we have told you how easy it is to grow decorative grapes, we present its most spectacular, frost-resistant and unpretentious varieties that domestic and foreign designers love to use so much:
Read more about these varieties on our website or in the SPRING 2021 catalog.
And you can order them for spring today!
The Lancelot variety, like other grapes, requires standard maintenance procedures. From the beginning of April to the end of October, the bushes are regularly watered. The frequency depends on the weather conditions. Water is poured under the root of the grapes. After absorbing the liquid, the soil is loosened with a hoe to avoid crusting. Adding mulch gives good results. Straw, sawdust or peat inhibit the growth of grass, prevent moisture evaporation, and are also a good organic fertilizer.
Mandatory watering of Lancelot grapes is carried out before flowering, as well as during the pouring of berries. At least 50 liters of water is poured onto 1 m 2 of land. Lack of moisture during this period threatens shedding of inflorescences and ovaries. About 3 weeks before harvesting, watering is completely stopped.
Preparation for wintering Lancelot is similarly not complete without abundant watering. The amount of water per 1 m 2 is increased to 100 liters. The abundance of moisture makes it possible to stock up on the vine for the winter with useful substances.
Variety Lancelot loves feeding, for which thanks to large bunches. Organic matter is considered the best fertilizer. Gardeners use rotted manure, humus, compost and add wood ash. To increase the sweetness, as well as the size of the berries, help feeding the grapes with mineral fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus. Young bushes of the Lancelot variety are fertilized monthly. Mature grapes are usually fed early and late in the season.
In good weather conditions, Lancelot's bunches will ripen in early September. The amount of harvest depends on the care and climatic conditions. In the southern regions, up to 10 kg of grapes are harvested from the bush. For the central strip, a yield indicator of up to 7 kg per bush is considered normal.
The Lancelot variety is considered frost-resistant, but in cold regions, the vine is sheltered for the winter. The branches of the grapes are removed from the trellis, tied with a rope, laid on boards or a bed of straw. From above, the vine is covered with dense material and covered with earth.
Before sheltering, the vine must be cut off. Lancelot bushes are vigorous and need to be shaped. The advantage of autumn pruning is that the procedure is less painful. By this time, the sap flow slows down, and the grapes lose less nutrients. In spring, it is better to cut off frozen and damaged shoots.
On young Lancelot bushes 3-4 eyes are left on the lashes. They do not give birth, but are used to form a bush. On adult grapes, sticks with 8 eyes are left. The bush forms from 3 to 8 fruiting arms. The maximum number of eyes on an adult grape is 35. It is not advisable to leave a larger amount. Overloading the bush will only reduce yields and drain the vine.
One of the important components of privet care is pruning. Even if you are new to this business, the bush will "forgive" you the first inept attempts to cut it. The plant recovers quite well after pruning.
You can cut the privet soon after planting, as soon as the seedling takes root and starts growing. The first pruning is to shorten the tops of the shoots: this stimulates tillering. When the shoots grow up to 15 cm, you can re-prune. According to this principle, the privet should be pruned for 2 years, after which the shrub (hedge) is ready for formative pruning, which is carried out in May and August. The time for sanitary pruning is early spring.
If you are going to create a hedge on the site, pay attention to the common privet. As a natural fence, the alley planting of this ornamental shrub looks no worse than boxwood.