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The rowan, also called rowan or Sorbus domestica is a fruit tree that grows in Asia Minor, Spain and Southern Europe. It belongs to the Rosaceae family and in Italy it grows on rocky or calcareous soils. It is a very tall shrub that can reach 12-13 meters. The branches are grayish and the leaves are oval and serrated at the edges. The flowers are white and round in shape, and develop between May and June, while the fruits, always round, have a yellow or reddish yellow color that turns red when fully ripe. Another variety of fruits from rowan they are shaped like small pears. The rowan it is cultivated by sowing and grafting. It can withstand the cold, but greatly appreciates direct sun exposure. Particularly humid and rainy periods can favor the development of fungal plant diseases. There are also other variants of the rowan such as sorbus aria, or mountain ash and rowan or sorbus aucuparia. The fruits of all varieties of rowan are edible for humans, but birds are also very fond of them. Furthermore, the rowan is also known for its phytotherapeutic properties. For this purpose, the fruits that are harvested before ripening and carefully stored in the straw are used, with a procedure called ammezzamento which allows the ripening process to continue.


The rowan it is used both in herbal medicine and for nutrition. In both cases, the part used is the fruit, also known as apples, due to the clear resemblance to apples. They have a sour taste that softens with maturation, when they become edible, even if, basically, they always maintain a certain flavor open, but very pleasant. The apples are rich in vitamin C (ascorbic acid), but also organic acids, such as sorbic acid, peptins and tannins which give them astringent, soothing, diuretic and anti-inflammatory properties. With the fruits you can also make jams and alcoholic drinks obtained from the fermentation of the same. These fruits can also be dried to make them available for use throughout the year. The pulp of the fully ripe fruit is used to obtain cleansing and toning masks for the face, useful for combating skin aging and to reduce any irritation of the skin of the face. The fruits can also be taken for internal use, as an astringent in case of gastrointestinal disorders such as dysentery. For a greater antidiarrheal effect, the most unripe fruits must be selected. The leaves and bark of the rowan also have astringent properties due to the high tannin content, but their use is reserved for the tanning of skins. The fruits, on the other hand, in the past much consumed for food purposes, have been gradually abandoned for this purpose and replaced by the common apples and pears. The rowan buds are also recognized as parts with high astringent, diuretic, anti-inflammatory and soothing properties.

How to use

To obtain the maximum health benefits and fully exploit the properties of the rowan fruits, specific methods of use and intake must be followed, which vary according to the different areas of use. For internal use and as an astringent you can use the decoction of dried fruits or the juice of fresh fruits. The amount of decoction to take is one or two cups a day. The decoction is obtained by boiling 5 grams of dried fruits in 100 ml of water. The ideal amount of juice to take to achieve the same astringent effect is 50 to 80 grams per day. The decoction can also be used for external applications, both to have a cleansing effect and to have an astringent one: just wash the parts of the body to be treated. We must not forget that the external use of the rowan, or, better, of its fruits, also includes numerous cosmetic treatments, such as those against wrinkles and premature aging of the face. To combat these imperfections, a beauty mask made with sieved rowan pulp mixed with flour is used. The fruits of the rowan tree are also used for the same purposes. Sorbitol, contained in cough syrups, is also obtained from these fruits.

Sorbo: Where to buy it

The products based on the active ingredients of the rowan are found in herbalists, pharmacies and parapharmacies. The product is not always available, but just order it from the store owner and receive it in a few days. The active ingredients of the rowan are found in the form of an alcoholic solution in bottles of 50 ml, suitable for internal use. The bottle contains a grounded gemmoderivato glycerin of rowan, obtained from the maceration of the buds that seem to be the richest in active ingredients as regards the astringent effects in the intestine and the diuretic properties. The cost of a 50ml bottle is around 11 euros. The recommended dosage is 25 drops dissolved in half a glass of water, twice a day.

Sorbo di Montella, Montella, Avellino, Italy on the Elevation Map. Topographic Map of Sorbo di Montella, Montella, Avellino, Italy.

Timezone: Europe / Rome UTC +01: 00

Elevation: 686 meters / 2250.66 feet

1. Montella, Avellino Elevation on Map - 0.88 km / 0.55 mi - Montella on map Elevation: 588 meters / 1929.13 feet

2. Fontana di Montella, Montella, Avellino Elevation on Map - 3.06 km / 1.9 mi - Fontana di Montella on map Elevation: 489 meters / 1604.33 feet

3. Cassano Irpino, Avellino Elevation on Map - 3.14 km / 1.95 mi - Cassano Irpino on map Elevation: 533 meters / 1748.69 feet

4. Rosole, Bagnoli Irpino, Avellino Elevation on Map - 4.35 km / 2.7 mi - Rosole on map Elevation: 714 meters / 2342.52 feet

5. Val Tunnel, Cassano Irpino, Avellino Elevation on Map - 4.5 km / 2.8 mi - Val Tunnel on map Elevation: 869 meters / 2851.05 feet

6. Bagnoli Irpino, Avellino Elevation on Map - 5.45 km / 3.39 mi - Bagnoli Irpino on map Elevation: 661 meters / 2168.64 feet

7. Ponteromito, Nusco, Avellino Elevation on Map - 6.26 km / 3.89 mi - Ponteromito on map Elevation: 465 meters / 1525.59 feet

8. Canali, Montemarano, Avellino Elevation on Map - 6.91 km / 4.29 mi - Canali on map Elevation: 614 meters / 2014.44 feet

9. Ponteromito, Montemarano, Avellino Elevation on Map - 7.58 km / 4.71 mi - Ponteromito on map Elevation: 523 meters / 1715.88 feet

10. Montemarano, Avellino Elevation on Map - 7.77 km / 4.83 mi - Montemarano on map Elevation: 819 meters / 2687.01 feet

11. Nusco, Avellino Elevation on Map - 7.84 km / 4.87 mi - Nusco on map Elevation: 853 meters / 2798.56 feet

12. Launch of the Cret, Nusco, Avellino Elevation on Map - 8.18 km / 5.08 mi - Launch of the Cret on map Elevation: 589 meters / 1932.41 feet

13. Fontana Angelo, Nusco, Avellino Elevation on Map - 8.41 km / 5.23 mi - Fontana Angelo on map Elevation: 564 meters / 1850.39 feet

14. Volturara Irpina, Avellino Elevation on Map - 8.5 km / 5.28 mi - Volturara Irpina on map Elevation: 707 meters / 2319.55 feet

15. Castelvetere sul Calore, Avellino Elevation on Map - 9.42 km / 5.85 mi - Castelvetere sul Calore on map Elevation: 762 meters / 2500 feet

16. Vallicelli, Castelfranci, Avellino Elevation on Map - 9.68 km / 6.02 mi - Vallicelli on map Elevation: 555 meters / 1820.87 feet

17. Castelfranci, Avellino Elevation on Map - 9.98 km / 6.2 mi - Castelfranci on map Elevation: 470 meters / 1541.99 feet

18. Villaggio Laceno, Bagnoli Irpino, Avellino Elevation on Map - 10.13 km / 6.3 mi - Villaggio Laceno on map Elevation: 1100 meters / 3608.92 feet

19. San Biagio, Serino, Avellino Elevation on Map - 10.28 km / 6.39 mi - San Biagio on map Elevation: 440 meters / 1443.57 feet

20. San sossio di Serino, Serino, Avellino Elevation on Map - 10.35 km / 6.43 mi - San sossio di Serino on map Elevation: 439 meters / 1440.29 feet

22. Santa Lucia di Serino, Avellino Elevation on Map - 11.41 km / 7.09 mi - Santa Lucia di Serino on map Elevation: 421 meters / 1381.23 feet

23. Serino, Avellino Elevation on Map - 11.44 km / 7.11 mi - Serino on map Elevation: 410 meters / 1345.14 feet

24. Sala, Serino, Avellino Elevation on Map - 11.51 km / 7.15 mi - Sala on map Elevation: 414 meters / 1358.27 feet

25. Naples Aqueduct, Serino, Avellino Elevation on Map - 11.69 km / 7.27 mi - Naples Aqueduct on map Elevation: 589 meters / 1932.41 feet

26. Chiusano di San Domenico, Avellino Elevation on Map - 12.39 km / 7.7 mi - Chiusano di San Domenico on map Elevation: 676 meters / 2217.85 feet

27. Acerno, Salerno Elevation on Map - 12.71 km / 7.89 mi - Acerno on map Elevation: 743 meters / 2437.66 feet

28. San Mango sul Calore, Avellino Elevation on Map - 12.84 km / 7.98 mi - San Mango sul Calore on map Elevation: 478 meters / 1568.24 feet

Rowan: main characteristics

As always, let's start with the main characteristics of the rowan.

The Sorbus domestica, belonging to the family of Rosaceae, it's a fruit plant native to central and southern Europe which can reach 20m in height and 12m in width. Columnar tree with one bark gray with white patches, while i branches one year old are dark green. The buds present on these young branches are long and pointed at times, they can be covered with a sticky film.

The leaves they are simple and petiolate, with acute apex and serrated margins. In the upper part they are dark green, while in the lower one they are silvery. From the month of September they change color, becoming a beautiful bright red.

Spring is the month of flowering. The flowers are hermaphroditic and are found enclosed within large cone-shaped inflorescences, called corymbs. They are small, rounded and white.

THE fruits, on the other hand, they are round knobs of maximum 3cm, called rowanberries. They have a reddish color that becomes darker as they mature. Before the correct level of ripeness, the rowanberries have an unpleasant and sour taste, but if you know how to be patient they will reach a good degree of sweetness.

This is what rowanberries look like

The rowan, thanks to its size and its beautiful foliage, can also be a beautiful ornamental plant.

There are two varieties of rowan that are used both as ornamental plants and as fruit plants:

  • Sorbus domestica pomifera, which produces fruit very similar to apples
  • Sorbus domestica pyrifera, with berries resembling a pear

Its cultivation in Italy is not very widespread because it is not very profitable, but it grows spontaneously in the south and in the center.

Let's find out the secrets to help you grow it in your garden.

Cultivating the rowan: soil, exposure, propagation

Growing the rowan is quite simple, because it is a plant that has no special needs.

For what concern ground, in fact, the plant has very few needs: it just needs to be well drained and preferably calcareous, but the rowan adapts perfectly to any type of soil, even the heaviest and most arid ones.

As for theexposure, we recommend that you place it in a sunny spot of your garden.

You can start growing this type of plant starting from seed, but we advise against it: the rowan obtained from the seed uses at least fifteen years to become productive.

You can shorten waiting times a little by practicing a grafting. THE rootstocks that we recommend are the Apple tree quince, the wild pear or the hawthorn. If your land has remained uncultivated for a long time, prepare it for grafting with plowing and fertilizing. Remember to always use sharp and sterilized tools when proceeding with the grafts in this way, you will decrease the risk of developing infections or making the plant suffer.

If you decide to grow only one or two rowan plants, it will be sufficient to dig holes large enough to accommodate the grafts or rowan plants taken from the nursery. If, on the other hand, you decide to grow many more plants, here are the recommended measures for implantation sixth:

  • distance of 4m between plants
  • distance of 5m between file

The rowan remains productive for a very long time, even 15 years

Candida, Campania

Candida is a small town and common (municipality) in the province of Avellino within the Campania region of Italy. It sits on top of a hill, at an elevation of 579 meters (1,900 ft) and has around 1,100 inhabitants. It is 10 kilometers (6 mi) from Avellino.

The economy is based mainly on agriculture.

The first human settlements in the territory date back to the Roman times. Many ruins have been found in the localities of Cesine, Vigna, Selvetelle, Scandravoli, Giardino, Ponticelli, Gaudi, Toppa S. Andrea. The name of the town derives from the Latin "locus candidus" which means clear, shining place.

The first historical mention of the town appeared in 1045 when Candida was included, under the Lombard domination, in the Avellino county. From that time many feudal lords followed one another. The Filangieri family owned the fiefdom from 1187 with Alduino de Candida, until 1420 when Caterina Filangieri de Candida gave the fiefdom of Candida as a dowry to Sergianni Caracciolo. Then the fiefdom passed to the De Cardona, Magnacervo, Grimaldi, Saulli families back to the Caracciolos that kept it until the abolition of the feudal system.

  • Church of SS. Trinity (monastery of St. Augustine), originally in Gothic style. It was rebuilt in Renaissance style after 1550.
  • Monastery and church of Montevergine, built in the 15th century.
  • Collegiate Church (1540).
  • Remains of the Lombard castle
  1. ^"Surface area of ‚Äč‚ÄčItalian provinces and regions as of 9 October 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^
  3. "Resident Population as of January 1, 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.

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