Cucumbers on a trellis net in the open field and in a greenhouse


The technology of vertical cultivation of cucumbers in open ground and greenhouses involves correct tying and formation of plants... A special trellis net is ideal for this purpose.

In this review, we will talk about how to properly make a trellis for cucumbers in your country house.

Purpose and advantages of the trellis net

The mesh is a plastic sheet with square cells, predominantly green. Experts recommend for cultivating cucumbers a grid with a mesh size of 15 * 17 cm.

Synthetic material has high strength, with proper installation, it can withstand heavy loads.

The essence of the use of the grid is that the cucumber lashes are first directed along separate paths, then they independently twine with antennae behind the cells, rushing upward.

The popularity of using tapestry material can be easily explained by its reliability, ease of use and durability. It is successfully used in the cultivation of cucumbers and many other climbing plants. - legumes, vegetable marrows, ornamental flowers.

By the way, homemade nets made from scrap materials can be no worse than purchased ones. Another thing is that the latter do not require significant financial costs, so everyone makes the decision himself.

Using a grid solves several issues at once:

  • Saves space by 2 times. Despite this, more comfortable conditions are created for the plants, the growth and yield indicators are improved. This is a powerful argument for owners of small plots.
  • Increases fruiting. Uniform sunlight and ventilation exclude cucumbers from rotting, even at high humidity. The fruits do not spoil and ripen faster.
  • Provides convenient care. The whips of cucumber bushes are clearly visible, they are easier to process, weed, water, fertilize, and harvest. Zelentsy always remain dry and clean, you do not need to look for them in the thickets. A little time will be spent on harvesting.
  • Ensures an aesthetic fit in open areas and in greenhouses. Vertical "screens" with green cucumber vines look attractive.
  • Installation and dismantling carried out easily.
  • Reusability, easy storage - easily rolls up.

Types and schemes of structures

The supporting structure on which the mesh is stretched can have different shapes:

  • The simplest construction is vertical U-shaped... For the manufacture of the frame, wooden beams, metal pipes and a profile are used. With a long bed length, intermediate supports are required.
  • Oblique... The frame is made with an inclination to the ground surface.
  • A-shaped... Sturdy “A” design, suitable for open areas. Landings are placed on both sides.

Do-it-yourself tapestry

It is not difficult to install and pull the trellis net in the greenhouse with your own hands. As supports at the ends of the greenhouse, posts from a bar with a height of 2 meters are installed according to the size of the mesh. The height of the structure depends on the size of the greenhouse. On a bed 5-6 m long, you need to add 3 additional intermediate supports. If you plan to reuse the structure, then it is better to install wooden racks in pieces of metal pipes dug into the ground. This measure will protect the tree from rotting.

On the top of the racks, pieces of the channel are fastened with self-tapping screws, into which a horizontal crossbar from a bar or pipe is laid. The net is attached directly to the bar. The second method is more convenient, when a wooden lath is threaded into its upper part, which is attached with a wire to the horizontal bar. This makes it easier to disassemble the trellis at the end of the season.

When installing a trellis structure on open ground, it is necessary to take into account the movement of the sun, placing it in the east-west direction. Cucumber bushes will thus receive the maximum amount of solar energy.

The mistake is incorrect positioning of the supports when they shade each other.

Correct fit and care in the open field and in the greenhouse

Cucumber seedlings are planted in a row at a distance of 35-40 cm under a trellis or according to a two-line tape scheme in a checkerboard pattern. It is recommended to choose varieties of cucumbers that produce long lashes. When the shoots reach 15 centimeters in length, you need to attach them to the bottom line of the cells. In the process of all development, plants need supervision and a garter, not all lashes will crawl up on their own, they need to be guided, only after that they will trudge.

Caring for cucumber plantings consists in observing the agrotechnical rules required for this vegetable crop. The main ones are:

  • regular watering plants with water at room temperature under the root;
  • timely quality feeding with complex fertilizers with trace elements, ash;
  • prevention diseases;
  • deletion weeds.

When forming a bush, you need to remember about the need for timely pinching of the main stem for the development of lateral shoots, on which the main crop is formed.

Rules for growing cucumbers on a grid: garter and bush formation

Vertical farming technology includes the experience and knowledge of traditional vegetable cultivation. It will not be superfluous to be guided by them:

  1. Before planting cucumbers in spring, it must be borne in mind that the best predecessors for cucumbers are tomatoes, potatoes, legumes, cabbage.
  2. Always needed preparation of bedswell fertilized with humus. Better to cook them in the fall.
  3. Sowing seeds produced when the soil warms up to + 14-16 degrees, and the air temperature warms up to + 22.
  4. Planting cucumbers can be carried out both by seeds and seedlings.... Many gardeners practice the combined method.
  5. For a vertical trellis, choose a place that is as protected from the wind as possible. Drafts are the enemies of cucumbers. On cold nights, you need to cover the plantings with non-woven material.
  6. For plant formation pinch the main whip over the eighth leaf.
  1. Spend seed preparation by disinfection and soaking before planting in growth stimulants. The best yield is in seeds that are no more than 3 years old. Last year's have a lot of barren flowers.

Conclusion

Competently established The trellis net will help to solve many problems when growing cucumbers in greenhouses and in the open field. By adopting this idea, you can grow a high-quality crop even in a small area.


Cucumbers on a trellis in the open field - scheme

The trellis growing method is usually used for cucumbers planted in a greenhouse. But over time, they began to use it for open ground. This helps to increase the yield several times.

Planting cucumbers on trellises in the open field

The creation of a trellis requires the preparation of a support from pillars made of wood or reinforced concrete with a height of about 2 m. The distance between the supports is maintained at 1 m. Cucumbers on a trellis in the open field are grown by pulling the trellis wire on the pillars above each row. The wire is pulled in 3 levels at a height: the first - 15 cm, the next - 1 m and 2 m.

A plastic mesh 180-190 cm long with a mesh width of 10-20 cm is fixed on the wire.

The scheme of planting cucumbers on a trellis

For crops planted in summer cottages, there is a scheme for growing cucumbers on a trellis in the open field, used in the following options.

With this scheme, cucumbers are grown in single row beds. The diagram looks like this:

  • the width of the bed is 70-80 cm, a line runs along its center
  • row spacing - 50 cm
  • between the lines - 1.2-1.3 m
  • for weakly branching hybrids - in a row - 15-20 cm
  • for highly branching hybrids - 25-30 cm.

With this scheme, cucumbers on the ridges are grown in two lines:

  • bed width - 1.1-2.2 m
  • row spacing - 50 cm
  • distance from the edge of the ridge to the lines - 20-30 cm
  • between the lines - 50-70 cm
  • for weakly branching varieties - distance in a row - 25-30 cm
  • for highly branching varieties - 35-40 cm.

Plants can be located near the trellis in different ways, depending on its design. So, the trellis can look like:

  • square or rectangle
  • pedestals or tents (inclined trellis)
  • rounded shape (the support is made of a tire and a wheel rim).

The formation of cucumbers on a trellis in the open field is carried out in the following ways:

  1. In one stem - an earlier harvest is obtained. At the first 2-3 nodes, fruits and stepsons are completely removed and 1 stem and leaves are left.
  2. In two stems - the harvest will be later.

Thus, you can choose the scheme of planting cucumbers that is acceptable for you.


Varieties of products

Before tying up cucumbers in the open field, you need to familiarize yourself with the main types of such structures. There are several types of cucumber garter nets in the greenhouse and outdoors.

Plastic

Plastic cucumber netting is quite often used during the cultivation of cucumbers. You can buy it in a store or try to make it from plastic bottles with your own hands.

Structures made of such material have their own advantages that distinguish them from other meshes. Such products can cope with serious loads without problems. They also have a high level of wear. Therefore, do not worry about the fact that while attaching cucumbers to such a product, it will quickly break.

To tie cucumbers in open ground or greenhouses, it is better to use models with a cell width of more than 10-15 cm.

Trellis

The trellis net is used much more often than the plastic one. Trellis is best suited for growing cucumber bushes. Such a product is more reliable and functional, since it is fixed to several additional supports. They are installed so that with the help of a trellis net for cucumbers, bushes can be grown even with very large fruits. During the cultivation of cucumbers, various trellises can be used. Most often, the following varieties are used for this:

  1. Vertical. When using such meshes, the frame can be made of wood, pipes or metal profiles. This design is very simple, as it only consists of two posts and a grid between them.
  2. Inclined. Such a trellis has a more complex design. Its frame is installed on the site not at a right angle, but at a slight slope. A small pillar is attached to it, which makes the whole structure more reliable. The angle of inclination of such mesh models can be different. For example, if low-growing cucumbers are grown in a garden bed, then the frame should be tilted about 35-40 degrees.
  3. A-shaped. This greenhouse cucumber net is used by many growers. It got its name due to the fact that its frame is very similar to the letter "A". Two posts are installed on both sides of the beds and rest on each other.
  4. Arched. Such a trellis is rarely used, since the installation of a mesh in the form of an arch is rather complicated.


How to tie cucumbers when grown in a polycarbonate greenhouse?

In an amateur farm, it can be grown both on a net and on a twine. But practice shows that the twine is more convenient. A trellis wire is pulled under the landing pattern at a height of 1.8-2 and more meters. Twine is attached to it either with a sliding loop, or with a margin for lowering on a special reel. The twine is lowered down with a margin (longer than the height to the ground). After planting and engraftment, the plants are tied up by twisting the plant around the twine. Previously, at the very bottom, a free loop is made around the cucumber stem. The loop should be so loose that further thickening of the stem does not tighten the loop, and the twine should not be taut. As the soil compresses and subsides, taut twine can pull out plants by the roots. When wrapping the crown of a cucumber, they try to make sure that the twine is located under the knot. This gives a secure hold without slipping. But that's not all. Depending on the illumination, the lower nodes are blinded to a height of up to 30 cm. Flowers and lateral shoots are also removed. Blinding allows the plant to gain strength for good growth. In the next nodes higher along the stem, the lateral branches are pinched on 1 fruit and 1 leaf, in the middle part of the plant, 2 fruits can be left on the branches, and even more above. It turns out an inverted pyramid. The higher the illumination and the more powerful the plant, the more fruit can be left. You have to wrap the top of the head up to the trellis. Remember to remove the antennae. They are not needed here. With the crown, after reaching the trellis, do this. It is twisted twice around the trellis and tied to it in two places, and then directed to grow down freely. As the fruiting wave passes from the bottom up along the stem, leaves and branches are removed in the fruiting part. Different varieties may have their own formation characteristics. In varieties with bunchy fruiting, short branches with a bouquet of fruits are formed at the nodes, which are formed one after another. It is necessary to regularly collect the fruits so that they do not dry out. This is an approximate formation of the "average" variety.
On the net, the plants are attached to the net using a cambric and a stapler with staples or tied to the net with twine below the knot. The side braids are also tied up. It is better to use the mesh not in the greenhouse, but in the open field. There, plants do not grow as fast as in a greenhouse and are easier to place on a grid.

Best regards, Valery Ognev
Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, Breeder for Solanaceous Crops, Director of the Rostovsky Breeding Center of the Agrofirma Poisk

In an amateur farm, it can be grown both on a net and on a twine. But practice shows that the twine is more convenient. A trellis wire is pulled under the landing pattern at a height of 1.8-2 and more meters. Twine is attached to it either with a sliding loop, or with a margin for lowering on a special reel. The twine is lowered down with a margin (longer than the height to the ground). After planting and engraftment, the plants are tied up by twisting the plant around the twine. Previously, at the very bottom, a free loop is made around the cucumber stem. The loop should be so loose that further thickening of the stem does not tighten the loop, and the twine should not be taut. As the soil compresses and subsides, taut twine can pull out plants by the roots. When wrapping the crown of a cucumber, they try to make sure that the twine is located under the knot. This gives a secure hold without slipping. But that's not all. Depending on the illumination, the lower nodes are blinded to a height of up to 30 cm. Flowers and lateral shoots are also removed. Blinding allows the plant to gain strength for good growth. In the next nodes higher along the stem, the lateral branches are pinched on 1 fruit and 1 leaf, in the middle part of the plant, 2 fruits can be left on the branches, and even more above. It turns out an inverted pyramid. The higher the illumination and the more powerful the plant, the more fruit can be left. You have to wrap the top of the head up to the trellis. Remember to remove the antennae. They are not needed here. With the crown, after reaching the trellis, do this. It is twisted twice around the trellis and tied to it in two places, and then directed to grow down freely. As the fruiting wave passes from the bottom up along the stem, leaves and branches are removed in the fruiting part. Different varieties may have their own formation characteristics. In varieties with bunchy fruiting, short branches with a bouquet of fruits are formed at the nodes, which are formed one after another. It is necessary to regularly collect the fruits so that they do not dry out.This is an approximate formation of the "average" variety.
On the net, the plants are attached to the net using a cambric and a stapler with staples or tied to the net with twine below the knot. The side braids are also tied up. It is better to use the mesh not in the greenhouse, but in the open field. There, plants do not grow as fast as in a greenhouse and are easier to place on a grid.

Best regards, Valery Ognev
Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, Breeder for Solanaceous Crops, Director of the Rostovsky Breeding Center of the Agrofirma Poisk

The simplest device for storing twine is a fishing donka - swallowtail. And in shops for gardeners they sell plastic devices that are hung on a trellis.

Best regards, Valery Ognev
Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, Breeder for Solanaceous Crops, Director of the Rostovsky Breeding Center of the Agrofirma Poisk


Types of trellis for growing in the open field

If earlier vegetables were grown on a trellis mainly in a greenhouse, now they are increasingly used in the open field. Tapestries come in various shapes - in the form of a wall, rectangle, square, tent, circle. They are made from almost any material - wooden slats, beams, bicycle wheels, metal tubes, metal or plastic nets with different mesh sizes. Consider the most convenient and easy-to-manufacture designs:

    Tapestry in the form of a wall. To install such a structure, it is enough to drive in pillars on both sides of the bed, and pull the net between them. You can set 3-4 pillars along the bed and pull a net or wire on them, on which a rope or twine is attached.

Tapestry in the form of a wall - a design common due to its simplicity

Bicycle wheel trellis - compact and convenient

A corn support is an interesting solution that allows you to grow a good harvest of cucumbers

Difficult to make, but very practical trellis made of branches will help you get an excellent harvest.

Methods for joining bars used to make trellises

Such a rectangular trellis not only helps to grow cucumbers, but also serves as a decoration of the site.


The scheme of planting cucumbers on trellises

In unprotected soil, cucumbers are grown in a one- or two-line method. The distance is calculated based on the varietal characteristics. The table shows the layout of cucumbers in an open garden, depending on the variety:

Distance between plants in a row, cm

Some gardeners choose not to tie up their outdoor cucumbers. but the use of trellises not only simplifies the care of the plantings, but also allows the rational use of the land area of ​​the site... Advantages of the trellis method:

  • saving space
  • convenience when caring for plants and harvesting
  • optimal illumination
  • reducing the risk of diseases and pests
  • prolongation of the fruiting period.

Photo 5. Cucumbers stretch up the trellis

Trellis are prepared before planting seedlings. A wire frame is installed over the beds. A wire, twine or nylon cord is pulled along the rows at a height of 1.5–2 m. Cucumbers are planted in open ground in late May - early June. The seedlings are arranged in rows 70-80 cm apart. An interval of 30–40 cm is maintained between the plants. 7–10 days after planting the seedlings, pieces of twine are fixed on a wire, lowering them to each plant. At the bottom, the ends of the threads are fixed either on pegs driven into the ground, or on a stem above the second sheet.


Reviews of gardeners

Natalia Klin

In my opinion, it is very convenient to grow cucumbers on a grid. Coarse mesh, made of nylon threads, has been serving for 15 years. Cucumbers do not need to be tied up - they cling to themselves, are always well ventilated (hence there are fewer diseases), it is convenient to collect and they are always dry and clean.

mishan

That year, cucumbers were planted on a trellis, the harvest was simply enormous. In this we want to take a plastic grate, I think the result will also be excellent.


Watch the video: Growing Cucumbers in a Container


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