Vegetable garden in questions and answers


Readers often call or visit our website to the editorial office and ask their questions about the cultivation of various crops, the fight against diseases of flowers and vegetables. We will try to regularly publish expert consultations to help you solve emerging problems. Prepare questions.

How to deal with scale insects and mealy worms?

Mealy worm well visible on plants, it is given out by white waxy discharge, reminiscent of cotton wool. The scabbard is more difficult to detect as it is disguised. You will not immediately see brown scales on the trunks and leaves, you will sooner pay attention to the sticky discharge. A sooty fungus is often found on these secretions.

The best insecticide considered "Actellic". The active ingredient is pirimifosmethyl. It has a contact and limited systemic effect. From "folk" remedies, you can use an infusion of garlic (20-30 g of chopped garlic is poured into 1 liter of water, insisted for a day) or an infusion of onion peel. (2 cups of husk pour 1 liter of hot water, insist for a day, dilute with water 2 times).



Small insects fly around the plant. How to deal with them?

Due to excess moisture in the soil, small black flies appear - mushroom gnats or sciarids. Adult insects do not harm the plants, but the larvae in the soil harm the young roots. To combat this pest, insecticides such as "Thunder-2", "Mukhoed" are used. Dry the substrate a little, and these flies will quickly die.

What is soil pH?

The abbreviation pH stands for Water Index. It gives an idea of ​​the level of possible content of hydrogen ions in the soil solution.

Depends on it: the solubility of toxic substances in the soil, the activity of beneficial and harmful microorganisms, the availability of mineral elements, the ability of root hairs to absorb water and nutrients. The acidity of the soil depends on the quantity and quality of water, soil type, the content of nitrogen fertilizers in it.



Why do some types of pelargonium not bloom?

The flowering of pelargonium is influenced by a properly organized rest period - a cool winter, the temperature is not higher than 15-17 degrees. In early spring, the old shoots are cut shortly to activate the growth of young shoots that produce flowers.

You can enhance flowering with a spring transplant. Be sure to use the fertilizer every 10 days.


I was given a room lemon, how to care for it?

Have citrus 3-4 periods of increased growth per year. In spring, the leaves are usually larger and more brightly colored. For the formation of one fruit on a tree, you must have at least ten developed leaves. Abundant flowering is observed from February to August. The crop can be obtained with regular fertilization. In summer, once every 10 days, in winter - no more than once a month. Lemons are best kept in a bright, sunny, draft-free room. In winter, in low light, it is advisable to keep it at a temperature of 10-12 degrees or to supplement it, if in winter the duration of daylight hours is less than 8 hours.

In the summer, the lemon is taken out into the open air. Dry air is bad for lemon health and crops. Watered moderately, at intervals of 7-10 days, after watering with soft warm water, allow the topsoil to dry out by 3-5 cm. Budding and flowering occur best at an air and soil temperature of 14-17 degrees. For successful fruiting, a temperature of 19-20 degrees is needed. Young plants are transplanted annually. Adults - once every three years. They carry out the obligatory pruning of the tree, remove the fatty shoots.

Can I make my own garden soil?

Of course, but practice shows that it is not always possible to use it in the first year. Making land on your own is practical if you need a lot of it every year. To do this, you should purchase all the necessary ingredients and in appropriate quantities - peat, perlite (or vermiculite), sand, compost, add kitchen waste, sawdust and complex fertilizers. If you make the land yourself, then, taking into account the labor costs and the cost of the material, you will save a little compared to buying ready-made land.

If you decide to add building sand, garden or turf soil, feces to the specified mixture, then they should be cleaned of pathogens, pest eggs, roots and weed seeds before mixing them with pure ingredients. At best, there will be a bad smell and the process itself will take a long time.

If you need small amounts of land, for example for sowing seeds, you can use a mixture of peat with sphagnum. And then, after the appearance of true leaves from the seedlings, transplant the latter into normal potting soil. For everything else, I would use ready-made soil.

How does soil acidity affect tomato cultivation?

One gardener complained that when growing tomatoes on a high bed with acidic soil, tomatoes grew very acidic.

He is delusional. All tomatoes are sour in nature - they are typically acidic with a pH of 4-4.5, and it depends on the variety. When it comes to the taste of tomatoes, most people rate tomatoes for aroma and piquancy and associate them with pleasant pleasure. They don't talk about the acidity of the pulp.

People who canning tomatoes, taking care of increasing the acidity of the pulp, as a rule, add citric acid, lemon juice or vinegar to the marinade to give a certain taste to tomatoes or to avoid food poisoning, to prevent the development of toxic mushrooms. To prevent the development of toxins such as botulism, which appear during storage of food, including tomatoes, the marinade is sour taste.

The "sour" taste of fresh tomatoes to the grower is probably due more to the combination of cultivar and growing conditions, such as temperature, humidity and sunlight, than to the acidity of the soil. In high beds, the soil dries out faster and the tomatoes get more heat than in the open field. It also depends on the composition of the fertilizer. If there is a lot of nitrogen and little potassium, tomatoes are less aromatic. All of these conditions could affect the taste of your tomatoes.

E. Dunets, biologist T. Barkhatova, gardener


Vegetable garden, garden, flower garden in questions and answers

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Branches and departments of the Moscow Regional BTI offer the following types of services:

  • primary technical inventory and technical accounting of capital construction objects
  • technical inventory of changes in the characteristics of capital construction objects
  • production of technical passports of real estate objects
  • production of cadastral passports of real estate objects
  • providing information about capital construction objects
  • appraisal and revaluation of real estate for tax purposes
  • registration and approval of redevelopment design work
  • registration of land plots (preparation of relevant documents for registering a land plot on cadastral registration and subsequent registration in ownership)
  • land surveying work (setting the boundaries of land plots, section, topographic and geodetic, cartographic and other survey work) forensic and non-forensic examinations (resolving disputes in court and pre-trial order) Federal Law No. 261-FZ of 23.11.2009) real estate services consulting services.

An approximate list of documents submitted by the customer:

  • identity document
  • when proxies apply - documents confirming the powers of the applicant's representative
  • application for the performance of work on the relevant property
  • title documents for the property
  • other documents stipulated by law*.

Note: in all 75 divisions of the Moscow regional BTI, a unified work schedule has been introduced. Since the end of June 2011, the company has been operating without interruption in the following mode:

Monday - Thursday - 9.00 - 18.00
Friday - 09.00 - 16.45
Saturday - 09.00 - 13.00


How to make a real division of a residential building between co-owners, if the building has only one exit to the land plot?

State Unitary Enterprise MO "MOBTI" prepares opinions on the technical feasibility of the real division of real estate, and also offers legal advice on this issue. At the same time, co-owners should take into account that as a result of the division (allocation of a share in kind) of a residential building, isolated living quarters (apartments) should be formed, which have an independent (separate) exit either to common premises or to a land plot adjacent to the house.


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