Pelargonium - a favorite plant of flower growers. It serves as a decoration for parks, patios, balconies, terraces and other outdoor areas and premises. Pelargonium is prized for its bright, generous, long-lasting flowering. Not only are its flowers beautiful, but also the leaves. And how exquisite she looks in a hanging planter! And although ampelous pelargonium can be quite capricious, it will reward a caring owner like a king.
Ampel plants are plants for hanging gardens. They have flexible shoots that can both curl up the walls and hang down effectively. The ampelous types of geraniums include pelargonium ivy or thyroid (Pelargonium peltatum)... It is originally from South Africa, where in nature it cascades down from the hillsides. Shoots of ampelous pelargonium reach a length of 90cm. It also differs from its zonal (vertically growing) relative in that its leaves are not covered with fluff, but have a smooth surface. They are five-lobed, fleshy, green or white-mottled, from 3cm to 6cm wide.
The flowers of pelargonium ivy have a stellate and cactus-like shape. They are located on long peduncles and are collected in umbellate inflorescences up to 8 cm in diameter. There are up to 30 flowers in the inflorescence, each of which blooms for 5-6 days. The flowers are simple and double, of all kinds of shades: white, pink, purple, lilac, two-color, with a border, strokes, spots ...
Pelargonium ampelous photophilous, and (which is a rare advantage) it tolerates direct sunlight well. It stoically tolerates dry soil and air, but dies when waterlogged, so it needs good drainage. It is not afraid of pelargonium and a strong cold snap, but dies from a light frost. Pelargonium does not need to be sprayed on the leaves, moreover, it is contraindicated for it, because rot will appear on the leaves, and this will lead to serious diseases.
Feed pelargonium ivy during the flowering period (from March to August), you need a weekly complex mineral fertilizer of low concentration. She also likes to drink milk diluted with water. The soil for geraniums needs loamy, light, fertile, with a high potassium content, but with a low nitrogen content: with an excess of it, the leaves of room geraniums enlarge, but flowering slows down. The earthen mixture should be something like this: two parts of sod land, low-lying peat and leafy land and one part of sand.
It is necessary to transplant the ampelous geranium every two years in the spring in a cramped pot (the roots should be close to the walls). If the old pot is still growing, replace only the topsoil.
Pelargonium can be grown from seed, but there are too many nuances to consider. Only experienced flower growers can do this, but they also prefer to propagate pelargonium by cuttings. Cuttings pre-dried during the day (the cuts must be dry) are dipped in coal powder and planted in disinfected (with boiling water or in the oven) soil at a distance of 2 cm from each other, compacting the soil on all sides with your fingers. Cuttings take root for a month, and if the planting took place in the spring, then in the summer your cutting may bloom.
During the dormant period, in winter, if you can place pelargonium under additional lighting, you do not need to cut off the ground part. If this is not possible, then cut off all the branches and store it at an air temperature of + 7 ° C in a bright place. When wintering pelargonium at room temperature, keep the pots as far away from heat sources as possible and be prepared for it to bloom much later, especially its terry varieties. It is rarely necessary to water it during the rest period, once every 1.5-2 weeks.
Now in garden centers a huge variety of home geraniums are sold, including ampelous pelargoniums, with decorative leaves and flowers of magnificent colors. Just a few of these seedlings will create a magnificent long-flowering cascade on your balcony, which will provide you and your neighbors with a wonderful mood for the entire summer season.
We also offer to get acquainted with the queen among geraniums - royal pelargonium.
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In addition, Pelargonium peltatum, ampelous ivy-leaved pelargonium can be used on vertical surfaces, and if desired, forms a dense flowering carpet if planted in the garden on a flat area. How to grow, propagate and care for pelargonium so that the plants enjoy flowering as long as possible, are attractive and healthy?
The varieties and varieties of ivy pelargonium are quite numerous, but through the efforts of breeders, they are regularly replenished with interesting new products with even more spectacular flowers.
A variety series with flowers of various colors: white, pink, burgundy, scarlet, lilac. The corolla is simple, has 5 petals. Inflorescence - umbellate from 5-8 buds. Shoots 80-100 cm long. Fleshy dark green leaves have no pubescence, smooth and shiny. Demanding on light, does not tolerate the bay.
Ivy-leaved geranium ampelous variety series Summer rain
The variety series with different colors of flowers was created specifically for growing in outdoor hanging pots. Tough and durable shoots grow only 20-30 cm and are resistant to wind and rain.
This beautiful variety series was bred in European nurseries and differs in that all its varieties have flowers with two-color petals. Corollas are found simple with 5-8 petals, but more often semi-double or double. The habit is compact, the length of the shoots does not exceed 25-30 cm. The bush in the pots forms a compact and symmetrical head. The leaves grow closely to each other with a minimum distance between the petioles. Umbellate inflorescences are directed upwards.
Variety Okka of ivy-leaved pelargonium, variety Toscana
The peculiarity of the variety series is in the pink-lilac rather rare color of flowers, close to the shade of a semi-precious stone. The petals may have burgundy streaks. Corolla - semi-double or double. The variety belongs to variegated. The leaf plate is light green with yellowish veins. The bush is compact with short stems with short internodes.
Variety of ivy geranium Amethyst
A beautiful variety with special light green leaves with darker edges, which seem to curl. Looks decorative all year round, even without flowers. It drives out inflorescences on long peduncles of 10-20 or more buds in each. Corolla is simple with five petals of neon pink color.
The real queen among ivy-leaved pelargoniums. The flower is snow-white, double. The peduncle contains a small number of buds, usually 6-8, but due to the very large size of each corolla, it looks unusually impressive.
Interesting! Under certain conditions, the center of the flowers can turn into a pale pink hue.
A graceful variety with an unusual color of flowers. Corolla semi-double bicolor - red-pink. Each petal has a red border, pink center and red streaks down the center. The plant is compact with short lashes and numerous peduncles of 8-15 buds. Leaves are medium-sized, light green, uniform color.
Any person wants his balcony to be decorated with beautiful plants, but the chosen flowers do not always look appropriate. The catch is that there are special decorative flowers in which an elongated flexible stem can wonderfully decorate your balcony.
This type of ornamental plants is called ampelous. It comes in many varieties. The word "ampelous" itself is used to define ornamental plants that have branches hanging down and thanks to them "hanging gardens" are created in the house.
One of these varieties is ampelous geranium.
This variety is the most unpretentious, since it requires a lot of sun, heat, and drought is not terrible for it. Therefore, if you have to leave for a long time on a business trip or on vacation, you do not have to worry about the plant, because it does not need frequent watering.
Like all ampelous plants, ampelous geraniums are characterized by long branches that cannot be kept in a straight position and therefore hang down. This property is the main one, since it is because of it that it becomes cozier in the house or apartment and, wherever you plant this variety, it will be able to decorate any container.
In addition to the fact that ampelous geranium has a wide range of colors, such as, for example, red, purple or white, it also has extraordinary leaves. If pelargonium of a vertical form has terry leaves, then ampelous geraniums are characteristic of smooth ones. Its branches hanging down can reach a length of 90 cm.
The ampel variety has an inflorescence in the form of a brush or pompom, which is located at the end of the stem.
Professional growers counted more than 70 species of ampel geranium varieties, but among them not a single one was found that would be more or less whimsical to care.
Naturally, for the plant, certain intervals of fluctuations in the temperature regime, the level of illumination and the amount of moisture in the soil are established, subject to which the pelargonium is able to grow and develop normally.
But as soon as the conditions of care are violated, the plant will immediately feel it and this will not bring good consequences.
Despite the fact that the ivy-leaved geranium variety was imported from Africa, it does not tolerate the heat. Therefore, it is very important to observe the optimal temperature regime. In the summer, the air temperature of the room in which the ampelous variety of geranium grows should fluctuate between 20 and 25 degrees and no more. In winter, the temperature should be in the range from 12 to 15 degrees and not less.
Watering should be taken care of, since the soil should always be moistened, but not so much that water stagnates in the pot and mold forms. To facilitate this procedure, the plant must choose a drainage that is able to quickly remove excess moisture through the holes in the bottom of the pot. In winter, frequent watering should not be done, about once every 10-14 days.
It is also very important to remember that ampelous geranium is not suitable for spraying with anything, since as a result, contact of geranium leaves with moisture can contribute to the appearance of a focus of decay.
Top dressing is an essential attribute of caring for ampel geraniums. This procedure is performed every week during the flowering period of the plant, which begins in March and ends in August. Mineral fertilizers should be of low concentration.
You can also use a mixture of milk and water. The soil for geraniums should be loamy, light, moderately fertile and contain a large amount of potassium and a small amount of nitrogen. The substrate consists of two parts of sod soil, low-lying peat, leafy soil and one part of sand.
Pelargonium is transplanted once every two years into a smaller pot. It should be such that the roots of the plant rest against its walls end-to-end.
You can find the seed of the ampelous geranium variety in any specialty store. The seed must be germinated in soil that contains sand in early spring. The seed can grow at a certain temperature of 19-20 degrees.
Reproduction is not the easiest thing to do and it may not always bring the desired result, since even professional flower growers do not always manage to achieve it. This procedure contains many nuances, without taking into account which, you will not be able to get what you want.
Propagating geraniums by cuttings will require a little effort. In order for the cuttings to take root, it is necessary to first prepare the soil, which will consist of peat, sand and leafy soil in a ratio of 1: 1: 1, respectively.
The prepared mixture must also be disinfected. This operation can be performed in two ways: either rinse the soil with strong boiling water, or keep it in a highly heated oven for 15-20 minutes.
The soil is then cooled to room temperature.
Cuttings are dried in advance so that the cut site is also dry. To do this, they can be placed in the open air for 24 hours, and after this time, the cuttings can be dipped in coal powder. Next, the stalk must be stuck into the ground and pressed firmly against the ground around the plant.
Within one month, rooting of the cuttings of the ampelous geranium variety should occur. If this operation was performed in the spring, then in the summer the geranium can already bloom. If the cuttings were carried out in the fall, then the plant will have to survive the winter, then it will be transplanted in the spring, and only then will it have the opportunity to bloom in the future.
A short video about plants of the genus Geranium. Features of planting, reproduction and care. Councils for growing geraniums.
Ampel geranium does not require special care at home, therefore the plant is considered absolutely unpretentious. The flower only needs a light regime, proper watering and the attention of a grower.
Lighting plays an important role in the growth of pelargonium, so it needs to provide constant access to sunlight. To do this, it is placed on the windows located on the south side. Do not be afraid that the flower will burn in direct sunlight. Geranium is highly resistant to the influence of the sun.
The room where the ampelous pelargonium is located must be regularly ventilated, while trying to protect it from drafts. In the summer, the flower pot is taken out to the balcony or garden, and in the winter it is removed to a bright and cool room.
So that the flowers do not lose their decorative effect and the plant does not get sick, it is necessary to adhere to the correct temperature regime... A comfortable temperature in the summer will be 20-25 degrees. In the winter period of rest, the temperature is kept at the level of 10-15 degrees. In the summer, the pots are placed on the lightest windows or the plant is planted in open ground.
Pelargonium loves abundant watering, but waterlogged soil can be destructive for it. Watering is carried out when the topsoil is dry. To form a healthy flowering, it is necessary to ensure that the water does not stagnate and the earthen lump does not dry out. Therefore, a drainage layer is placed on the bottom of the pot.
In summer, the plant is watered more often than in winter. In the winter season, watering is noticeably reduced. Pelargonium does not need to be sprayed.
Only highly overgrown ampelous geraniums are transplanted, the roots of which do not fit in the container. The transplant is carried out in the spring, once every two years. Do not transplant a flower for which the old pot fits. In this case, replace only the top layer of soil with a new one.
Pruning is done in the fall, when pelargonium is preparing for winter rest. This procedure contributes to the rejuvenation and preservation of the decorative appearance of the plant. All long and bare stems are pruned. The plant will become bushy again after a few weeks when the side shoots grow.If the plant has grown well over the winter, then they resort to re-pruning. Good and regular pruning leads to flowering.
During the period of active growth and after pruning, ampelous pelargonium needs mandatory feeding. Better to give preference to organic and liquid mineral fertilizers. Particular attention should be paid to the composition of the mixture:
Reproduction and care of ampelous geraniums are simple, but it is important to create favorable conditions for growth and monitor the condition of the bush. In return for the care, the flower will delight you with lush and bright flowering and will look great in any interior, creating warmth and comfort.
Pelargonium ivy is a representative of the large Geraniev family. Unlike erect-stem varieties, ivy-leaved varieties form long, flexible stems that hang down to form a green waterfall. Because of this feature, the flower is called curly or ampelous geranium. If you follow the rules of planting and care, you can grow a lush bush with shoots up to 0.9 m long, completely dotted with umbrella-shaped inflorescences. But before you start ampelous pelargonium, it is useful to familiarize yourself with the conditions of detention that it needs for normal growth and abundant flowering.
The variety of varieties bred in the breeding process is amazing. But all plants of the ivy variety have similarities:
In the home collections of indoor plant lovers, you can find varieties:
In addition to pelargoniums with long shoots, there are also miniature varieties, the stems of which grow up to 30 cm.For example, the Tornado series has several varieties with a neat, lush bush shape and various colors of butterfly buds:
Curly Pelargonium is perfect for growing in hanging baskets (pots) or balcony boxes - just a few ampel geraniums can create an amazing hanging garden. You can place pots with plants in an apartment, on a balcony, and even in a summer cottage.
Unlike its unpretentious "relatives", ampelous pelargonium has a more capricious character. In order for the plant to please with healthy foliage and abundant flowering, it needs to create certain conditions:
Curly pelargonium is dormant in winter. At this time, caring for a flower is significantly different from the conditions that it needs in spring and summer:
Compliance with these conditions guarantees a good "well-being" of ivy-leaved pelargonium and abundant long flowering in the warm season.
It is undesirable to use organic fertilizers as top dressing for ampelous geraniums. The best option would be complex preparations released specifically for pelargonium and surfinia.
Geranium and pelargonium are one of the most common domestic plants: they are easy to maintain, bloom very beautifully and, moreover, have healing properties - they cleanse the air of toxins and poisons. How to properly care for pelargonium, what are the optimal conditions for its maintenance, how to protect it from pests - we will consider in more detail.
The main feature of this plant from the Geranium family is hidden in its name - such geranium has flattened leaves, which resemble ivy in structure: the same five-lobed, leathery and smooth.
Under natural conditions, such leaves are very strong, capable of wading through rocky soil and even rocks, but at home, pelargonium leaves are most often thin and have a decorative miniature appearance.
The branches are long, flexible, hanging down, so this geranium is most often planted in hanging pots and pots. This type of geranium with hanging leaves is called ampelous (Ampel - literally means "hanging vase"). Umbellate inflorescences, formed by 5-9 flowers in one bundle.
This geranium usually blooms from mid-spring to mid-summer. The shade of such inflorescences has a rich variety: today there is pelargonium, blooming with almost all flowers.
Did you know? The closest relative of pelargonium is geranium: the first specimens of this plant were discovered in South Africa at the end of the 17th century, from where they were brought to Europe. Despite the fact that pelargonium and geranium are often meant as synonymous names, these are two different plants, however, from the same family - Geraniums.
The color can be heterogeneous - with contrasting spots, stripes, dots and rims.
The size of an adult ampelous pelargonium can reach 1.5 m in length, so pots with such geraniums are most often placed on a balcony or a cascade stand.
Under natural conditions, this geranium is formed in small quantities in temperate and warm latitudes, it is found in Italy, Spain, and also in some regions of China.
Ampel plants are decorative flora with hanging shoots and climbing stems that look great in hanging pots and boxes. These are verbena, lobelia, fuchsia, dichondra, petunia.
The conditions for proper growth and abundant flowering of ivy ampelous pelargonium are somewhat different from the conditions necessary for common geranium. It requires a special soil composition, a certain temperature and lighting.
Did you know? "Pelargonium" in translation from Greek literally sounds like "stork", and its relative - geranium - means "crane" in translation. The plants received such bird nicknames due to the similarity of their fruits with the beaks of these birds.
Ampel Pelargonium is one of the few indoor plants that not only needs sufficient lighting, but also absolutely not afraid of direct sunlight.
Moreover, bright light is what is simply necessary for the normal functioning of such a flower.
It is not recommended to keep pelargonium near windows facing the north side - it will grow well and bloom on the south side.
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Of course, the plant will be able to live on the northern side, however, provided that the daylight hours are long, and in the dark (during the winter months) additional artificial lighting will be provided.
In the summer months the air temperature should not exceed +32 ° С, otherwise, in the absence of watering, geraniums may simply burn out.
In winter, the optimal thermometer should be +15 ° C - it is at this temperature that geraniums can bloom even in cold months.
Excessively dry air is not terrible for pelargonium, it does not need additional moistening and spraying - however, in drought, watering should be carried out daily.
Important! Pelargonium leaves are not adapted to excessive moisture - when liquid accumulates on the leaves, the process of decay can begin. To avoid this, you need to water the flower under the roots, avoiding water getting on the leaves.
The best soil for pelargonium is loose, nutritiousconsisting of a mixture of sand, turf and peat. This consistency retains moisture well, but also does not contribute to excessive stagnation of water in the roots of the plant.
To do this, it is imperative to place drainage on the bottom of the pot - it will remove excess moisture.
The pot itself also needs to be chosen suitable - it is best to use a hanging planter or special pots that are located on the sides of the balcony - it is important to provide enough space for the hanging stems of the plant.
In order for such an ampelous geranium not to get sick, bloom beautifully and please the eye all year round, you need to follow the rules of care, watering and feeding this light-loving plant.
Learn more about pelargonium: general growing tips, species and varieties - tulip, royal (reproduction).
The main rule for watering geraniums is do not overdo it... Such a flower does not tolerate excess moisture very well, even worse than drought.
In the hot summer season, you can water the flower daily in small quantities, however, you need to check the soil - if it has not dried out at a depth of 2-3 cm, then watering should be rescheduled the next day.
Spraying such geranium is not only unnecessary, but even dangerous - excess moisture puts stress on the plant. In winter, it will be enough to water the plant once every 5-7 days (depending on the temperature in the room).
Active feeding is required for geraniums during the period of abundant flowering (from about May to August).
At this time, it is necessary to fertilize the plant at least once every 7-10 days with special mineral additives or humus, which are applied directly to the soil.
In the rest of the period, top dressing is needed less often - about once every 20 days. In spring and summer, it is better to apply potash and phosphorus fertilizers, and in autumn and winter - humus and other organic matter.
Important! If you don't have a special fertilizer or potassium mineral at hand, you can simply give the geranium water and milk (proportion 2: 1) - pelargonium loves such milk water very much, which strengthens its leaves and saturates it with the necessary elements.
In order for pelargonium to be lush and thick, it is cut off annually - this procedure is recommended to be carried out in the first month of spring, immediately after hibernation.
Not only all diseased or dried branches are removed, but also all the rest - only those shoots that have 2-4 nodes are left.
Such a procedure must be carried out with a sharp knife, it is absolutely impossible to cut off or break off excess leaves - the torn edges of the leaves will begin to rot.
If you nevertheless accidentally tore off a leaf, grease the place of the break with charcoal. Correct pruning of the leaves is carried out so that the base of the cutting itself remains on the plant, and not on the plucked leaf. Pruning must be carried out without fail - this is the only way to form a bush of the correct shape, as well as to rid the plant of weak or diseased shoots.
Video: pruning ivy pelargonium
Experienced florists recommend transplant ivy geranium no more than once every 2 years... Nevertheless, a young plant needs to be replanted annually, but an old one (4 years or more) - as the roots cover the entire pot (2-3 years). With each repotting, the pot should be slightly larger than the previous one, but the composition of the soil should remain the same.
Did you know? They began to use ivy geranium in folk medicine at the end of the 18th century - it was even nicknamed "the flower of the poor", since the urban poor used the leaves of this plant to cleanse the air from dampness and poisonous fumes in their homes.
If the original pot is large enough and you see that the plant is not cramped in it, you can hold partial transplant: remove the top soil, replacing it with fresh one (be sure to add top dressing).
When transplanting, you need to carefully, grabbing the plant by the base and supporting the roots, move it to a new pot with prepared moist soil.
Try not to damage the leaves, and even more so the roots: the integrity of the integument of the roots and leaves is the key to the correct and quick engraftment of the plant in a new pot.
The main diseases that can occur in pelargonium are the result of waterlogging and insufficient illumination. Sometimes she is also amazed. aphids and whiteflies - however, the smell of leaves, as a rule, scares off aphids, but the whitefly is a fairly frequent inhabitant of the leaves of pelargonium.
Check out our tips for dealing with aphids and whiteflies.
To prevent this pest, geranium is treated with special chemicals or a decoction of dandelion or yarrow. Chemicals are more effective, but less gentle: there is a risk that they will cause burns on the leaves of pelargonium.
A decoction of dandelion and yarrow of the contact effect - it acts directly on the pest, without causing damage to the flower itself.
Such folk remedies are applied pointwise, in small drops, directly to the whitefly - while the plant itself is isolated from the rest of the indoor flowers until complete recovery.
If the leaves wither, turn yellow, rot, a gray bloom appears and the base of the stem turns black - this is a clear sign of root rot. In this case, an emergency plant transplant into a new, clean pot of fertilizer is needed, at the bottom of which a drainage is placed.
Find out why geranium leaves turn yellow, how to treat a plant.
At home, there are 2 ways to propagate such geraniums: cuttings and seeds.
This method is less common - it is quite troublesome and time consuming, therefore, geraniums are more often propagated by cuttings. When sown with seeds, geranium sometimes loses its varietal characteristics. For such reproduction, you need to prepare the right soil: it should be a mixture of peat, sand and turf in equal proportions.
The pot itself should be low. In order for the seeds to sprout quickly, you need to provide them with a constant temperature of + 22-24 ° C, so it is better to carry out this procedure in the summer months. Plant seeds are placed in moist soil, covered with foil and placed under a constant light source.
After 8-12 days, the first shoots will appear - now the film needs to be removed, and the sprouts themselves must be carefully moistened (it is better to add water under the roots from a medical syringe). As the first sprouts get stronger (after 3-4 weeks), they are transplanted into small pots up to 10 cm in diameter.
If you follow all the rules, then the first flowering of young pelargonium grown in this way can occur after a year.
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Read also about cultivation and types of geraniums: magnificent, blood red.
Cutting is the most convenient way to propagate pelargonium. First of all, you need to prepare the right cuttings - they must be apical, cut at the end of winter or at the end of summer: This is the optimal time for grafting.
The cutting itself should contain at least 3-4 leaves. The freshly cut cutting is dried in the open air for about a day, and the next day, before direct planting, the cut site is treated with a special tool - a root formation stimulator. Sometimes it is simply smeared with charcoal. Then the substrate is prepared - a mixture of peat, sand and turf.
Cuttings are planted in the prepared soil around the perimeter of the pot - it is important to leave a sufficient distance between the seedlings (at least 12 cm). The container with cuttings is placed under diffused light - the soil is regularly sprayed. After 2-3 weeks, the seedlings will take root and strengthen.
After 30-35 days from the moment of planting, the seedlings can already be transplanted into individual pots (they should not be large in size).
Remember: the larger the pot, the worse the pelargonium will bloom. As a result of propagation by cuttings, a young pelargonium seedling will be able to bloom after 6-8 months.
When the rooted cuttings of pelargonium came, I immediately put the pots on the southern windowsills. Kemira fed [/ url] deluxe leaves a couple of times a week. I pinched all the extended branches, tried to form a neat bush.
As soon as the weather conditions allowed, I immediately put it out on the street. We stood in the sun from morning until lunchtime. Sometimes, with watering, I introduced organic matter. That's all in short. Ivy-leaved pelargonium itself blooms very profusely. The main thing is to water and remove the flowering inflorescences in time.
The best option for wintering ivy-leaved pelargoniums in a hot apartment is a hanging planter (IMHO). I have batteries on the right, so young growing ivy hangs on the left by the window. Adult pelargoniums hibernate with the royal ones on the loggia.Passifichttp: //frauflora.ru/viewtopic.php? P = 135461 # p135461
The principle is this: ivy-leaved pelargoniums are ampelous plants. Branches hang down from the pot, and the stems and leaves are much heavier in weight than in zonal ones. The roots need solid earth to hold on to. I have ivy-leaved plants growing practically in pure clay ... And pots are 2-4 liters.
Pelargonium ivy is a very bright and beautiful plant, which during the flowering period will adequately decorate not only the windowsill, but also the adjacent territory and the winter garden. Knowledge of the rules for maintaining and caring for this evergreen shrub will create a beautiful flowering cascade that will delight the eye all year round.