Description and characteristics of the carrot variety Nantes 4


Nantes carrots are a vegetable crop actively grown in Russia. She is characterized by a high content of sugar and carotene, which are beneficial for eye health... Many nutritionists recommend including it in medical, children's and dietary diets. A detailed description of this variety is given below.

Description and characteristics of the Natanskaya carrot variety

Nantes carrots are great for spring and winter crops. Shoots are friendly. The aboveground part of the plants is high, semi-spreading. The root vegetable has a beautiful orange color, sweet taste, good weight (100-150 g) and almost ideal dimensions (length - 11-17 cm, thickness - up to 6-8 cm)... After technical maturity, its head takes on a purple or greenish tint.

High table qualities and the ability to store for a long time could not but arouse the desire of breeders to improve the variety. Therefore, today it comes in several varieties:

  • Nantes 2 - an early variety of foreign selection. The length of the root crop is 10-16 cm, the color is light orange, the ripening period is 80-100 days from the moment of planting.
  • Nantes 4 Is an elite early maturing variety of Russian origin. Root crops are cylindrical, up to 17 cm long, weighing up to 160 grams. Vegetation - 3-4 months, yield - up to 6.5 kg per 1 sq. meters.
  • Improved Nantes Is a mid-season sweet variety bred by Europeans. Recommended for growing to obtain juice. The root vegetables are bright orange in color and have a small pith. Their height is up to 20 cm, weight is up to 150 grams.
  • Nantes red Is a mid-season variety that can withstand disease and bloom. Root crops are cylindrical, weighing up to 160 grams, up to 17 cm long. They are colored orange-red.

Each of these varieties is famous for its excellent taste, good keeping quality, health benefits, as well as ease of planting and maintenance. Therefore, they can be safely planted in your garden.

Advantages and disadvantages

This root vegetable contains many vitamins (K, PP, C, B2, B1), essential oils, phosphorus, calcium salts, iron and iodine. It can be safely used to treat anemia, heart, liver and kidney diseases, as well as to improve the velvety skin. But these are not all of its advantages. The advantages of the variety include:

  • high yield (up to 7 kg from 1 square meter);
  • excellent keeping quality (retains juiciness for a long time and does not rot);
  • absence internal voids;
  • versatility in application;
  • lovely taste qualities.

There are practically no disadvantages of this variety.... These include perhaps the exactingness of the soil, the love of warm sunlight and the need for frequent watering.

Soil requirements for planting

Nantes carrots grow well on loamy, peaty and light sandy soils, which must be loosened and fertilized. With this in mind, in the fall, the beds should be dug up and the humus of cow dung mixed with sand and peat should be introduced. After that, it is recommended to sow winter rye on the site. It will avoid the appearance of malformed root crops with many "fingers".

The best precursors for carrots are tomatoes, potatoes, onions, zucchini and cucumbers.

Rules for planting carrots of Nantes

Planting should begin with digging the soil onto a shovel bayonet in the second decade of December. Immediately it is worth creating a bed. It should be located in a well-lit place and be about 30 cm high. In order not to crumble, you can block it with planks. Further procedures are as follows:

  1. Flatten the garden using a rake and a plank, remove the pebbles.
  2. Using the plank make several grooves on it 1-1.5 cm deep.
  3. Place seeds in the groove and cover them with earth, lightly compacting with your hand.
  4. Make next groove at a distance of 25-30 cm from the previous one.
  5. And so on until the bed ends.

Upon completion of planting, it remains to gently water the garden bed with warm water and wait for the first shoots to appear (this is somewhere in 10-15 days).

If desired, the bed can be covered with sawdust or agrofibre, this will keep the life-giving moisture on the surface of its soil.

Variety care after planting

After the emergence of seedlings, the covering material, if used, should be removed. Water the crops at first every day, and after reaching the molded ripeness - after 1-2 days. 30-40 days after sowing, carrots that have sprouted too heap must be thinned out. The final distance between root crops should be at least 6 cm. Also, do not forget to loosen the soil between the plants.

To increase the quantity and quality of the crop, it is necessary to fertilize the carrots at least 2 times per season. To do this, you can use drugs "Agrovita", "Hera", "Fasco" and any others that contain urea, superphosphate or potassium salts. They should be used according to the instructions.

In the heat, carrots must be mulched with bunches of dried grass.

Diseases and their prevention

Nantes carrots can be prone to black, white or bacterial rot. These diseases destroy the crop, first covering the harvested roots with bloom, and then creating wet or dry rot on them. To avoid the manifestation of their symptoms, it is necessary to harvest vegetables in warm weather, carefully sorting out before this and creating all the conditions for proper storage.

The carrot fly can destroy crops. To get rid of it, it is worth spraying the seedlings with the preparations "Stefesin", "Baylon", "Karatan" or "Volaton". When doing this, do not forget to take precautions.

Harvesting and storage rules

The best harvest is at the end of September. It is possible, of course, in October, but the keeping quality and quality of root crops will decrease because of this. Before harvesting for storage, it is recommended to wash and dry carrots., cut the tops off completely along with the tip of the vegetable to prevent re-germination. Next, the fruits must be packed in dark plastic bags and lowered into the cellar.

You can also store carrots in boxes with sand or sawdust, or in the refrigerator.

Testimonials

Judging by the quality of Nantes carrots according to people's reviews, then it is very good. Most gardeners speak positively about her. This is what they write on the forums and on their blogs.

Nadezhda, Orenburg region. We have the most popular carrots of Nantes. I plant it 2 times: at the end of April for pickling and in June for storage. I'm happy with the variety!

Angela, Bryansk region. I personally like the carrots of this variety because of their good germination and excellent taste. The only drawback is that it requires frequent feeding.

Vsevolod, Nekrasovskoe. Of the several varieties of carrots that I have planted, this is the only one that has brought a rich harvest. I was satisfied, I will plant next year.

However, there are a number of negative reviews about carrots of Nantes... For the sake of fairness, we will give their examples:

Anastasia, Saraktash. When I planted it, I hoped that the carrots would give birth well and survive at least January. The harvest is rich, but as soon as it was removed to the cellar, it was lost. Conclusion: Nantes is suitable for use only after collection.

Larissa, Kinel-Cherkasy. Most likely, due to the density of planting of large root crops. But it's still a shame, because I thinned out the seedlings.

It is worth noting that in order to get a harvest, carrots really need to be looked after, and cleaned in the cellar, only having prepared the vegetables for storage in advance. Then there will be no negative reviews.

Conclusion

Nantes carrots are endowed with high consumer qualities, significantly surpasses other varieties in efficiency, with proper care, it gives a decent harvest. All that is required from the gardener is to follow the rules of sowing, care and storage.


The Nantes 4 carrot variety was bred by Russian breeders in the 30s of the last century and still remains one of the leading market leaders.

The French city of Nantes was the source of seeds used in breeding work, so the created variety was named "Nantes".

Carrot Nantes 4 - a productive variety of Russian selection

Nantes 4 is a mid-season variety, 70–100 days pass from germination to harvest. This variety is zoned throughout the territory of Russia, it is massively grown by farmers and amateur gardeners.

Carrots of Nantes on video

Variety Nantskaya 4 is intended for summer-autumn consumption and winter storage. Root vegetables are sweet, juicy, very tasty, of a beautiful orange color, cylindrical in shape with a blunt tip, 14-16 centimeters long, weighing 100-170 grams. They contain many vitamins and are well stored. Productivity in amateur garden plots reaches 6-7 kilograms per square meter.

Carrots of Nantes 4 are tasty, fruitful and store well

The excellent quality and high popularity of the classic variety Nantes 4 led to the emergence of its new modifications, which almost did not differ from the original.

Comparative characteristics of the varieties of Nantes carrots - table

NameRipening periodRoot weight in gramsTasteField yield in kilograms per square meterKeeping qualityWhere is zoned
Nantes 4Mid-season, 70-100 days100–170Good to Excellent2,8–4,9HighAll regions
Nantes red80–2002,6–4,4Black earth
Nantes Semko90–1502,8–8,1Center and Northwest

All varieties of Nantes carrots are resistant to flowering, therefore they are well suited for winter and early spring crops.


The place is chosen sunny, in the shade and partial shade, the root crop loses its taste, the shoots sprout for a long time and turn pale. The Nantes carrot variety has not been planted in the same place for several years in a row.

Also, it is not planted in places where crops such as dill, parsnips, celery or parsley were previously grown. Good cultural precursors are:

  • a tomato
  • onion
  • garlic
  • cucumber
  • potato.

Sowing

Carrots of Nantes, according to the description, have a good yield, therefore they are planted twice per season. The first sowing is performed in early April. The second - at the end of July, so that the fruits ripen before the onset of frost.

To get an early harvest in spring, the vegetable is sown in late autumn. When planting seeds, the weather must be dry, and the soil must be specially prepared. For this, the soil is loosened and the places for sowing are marked. The seeds are mixed with sand and sprinkled with soil. For overwintering, a special fiber is used to cover the sowing sites.

After the first shoots appear in the spring, the soil between the rows is loosened so that the carrot root system receives the right amount of oxygen. This procedure also reduces weeds. The early carrots are harvested in May.

Calibration

Calibration of Nantes carrots is carried out prior to planting the seeds. For this, the planting material is transferred to a container with warm water overnight.

In the morning, they examine the seeds: those that have floated to the surface are incapacitated - they are thrown away. Healthy ones will be at the bottom of the container. The tested seeds are dried and sown.

Dry the seeds with a towel. The towel is placed on a dish, after which the proven planting material is distributed in a thin layer. This dish is placed in a plastic bag and tied to keep the seeds moist. Store - 3 days. Later, the seeds begin to germinate and are moved to dry.

Sowing by watering

Gardeners use watering to plant carrots. Seeds and water are placed in a container, after which the culture is sown along the furrows.

The depth of the planting pit is 2-3 cm. There should be a distance of at least 15 cm between the rows.


Advantages and disadvantages

Advantages:

  • high yield
  • ability to store for a long time
  • excellent taste
  • lack of voids in root crops.

The disadvantage of the variety is its exactingness to the growing conditions:

  • to the soil
  • to watering
  • to lighting.


Varieties of Nantes carrots

All varieties of this variety have excellent taste characteristics.

Nantes 4

Most summer residents are familiar with this particular variety, which is the ancestor of the Nantes carrot. This is a mid-season variety, full ripening occurs in about 110-120 days, but this carrot gets its presentation already 70 days after it rises. This variety is one of the best for winter sowing.

Improved Nantes

The variety is named so because of the improvements in uniformity and marketability of root crops. A feature of the variety is its early germination. Allows you to get a stable high yield, suitable for long-term storage.

Carrots are used for the production of carrot juice due to their taste and high sugar content.

Nantes red

Like other varieties of Nantes carrot, it forms cylindrical orange fruits with a small tail. This variety resists well the main diseases that affect carrots. It can be stored for a long time without changing its taste.

Nantes Semko

A hybrid obtained at the end of the last century. Designed specifically for growing in large volumes, it has a high yield, which can reach 810 c / ha. Suitable for mechanized harvesting. The value of the hybrid is its resistance to flowering, high keeping quality and good taste.


Features of harvest storage

Before storing the root vegetables, it is recommended to cut the tops, slightly touching the carrots. Thanks to this, it will not germinate in winter. The fruits must be peeled and dried.

Note! It is recommended to keep the harvested crop in the cellar. For this, plastic bags or boxes of sand are suitable.

Nantes carrots are considered a popular variety grown by many gardeners. To achieve high yield parameters, the culture needs to provide quality care.


Diseases and the fight against them

The main enemy of the crop is the carrot fly. This disease manifests itself in the form of twisted leaves on the tops. The insect appears when the seedlings are improperly nursed during their growth - in too thickened areas (it is necessary to thin out), overgrown with weeds or too moist. At the first signs of the disease, it is necessary to urgently take action and purchase ready-made preparations to combat the carrot fly: Actellik, Intavir, Stefesin, Bayleton, etc.

This variety is also susceptible to various types of rot. To avoid its appearance, you should create the right conditions for storing root crops, and also collect them only in dry weather and dry thoroughly after washing.


Watch the video: Top 8 Easy To Grow Vegetables For BeginnersSEED TO HARVEST


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