Detailed description of the variety of pears Marble


Many gardeners dream of growing reference fruit crops in their area. Some of them include pear of the Marble variety, which is distinguished by its excellent taste.

Description of the pear variety Marble

The Marble variety was bred in the Voronezh region in 1965. Its authors were GD Neporozhny and AM Ulyanishcheva. The parent varieties are Bere Zimnaya Michurina and Lesnaya Krasavitsa.

According to the description, the tree itself is small in size and grows to a height of no more than 4 meters. The crown is of medium density, resembles a wide pyramid in shape. The branches are located at an angle close to right. The bark on the trunk and main branches is gray-green.

The shoots of this variety are red-brown and slightly upward. The leaves are bright green, smooth, ovoid and sharpened closer to the shoots, there are small notches at the edges. The size of both leaves and petioles is average.

The flowers of such a tree are terry, with a diameter of no more than 3 centimeters, collected in inflorescences of 8 pieces. The petals are slightly closed, while the edges are solid. The pistils are flush with the anthers.

Marble refers to trees with an early flowering period. Fruiting begins in mid-August and lasts until early September.

Up to 200 kilograms of harvest are harvested from one tree.

Best grown in warm climates... The Central region, Voronezh and Bryansk regions are considered to be the official areas of distribution.

Given the poor frost resistance, this variety cannot be grown in areas with cold and changeable climates.

Fruit characteristics

The fruits of this variety contain a huge amount of nutrients, besides are distinguished by excellent taste... The tasting score of these pears is 4.8 points out of 5.

Their pulp is distinguished by a delicate creamy shade, juicy and sweet taste, pleasant aroma and coarse-grained structure.

In most cases, one fruit weighs 130-170 grams, but specimens weighing up to 220 grams can be found. Pear color golden green, covered with red, marble blush, the shape is correct, pear-shaped.

The saucer is small, the seed chambers are medium in size, light brown in color. The cup is half-open in its type.

Advantages and disadvantages

Pros of the variety:

    • the main advantage of Marble is resistance to powdery mildew, scab and fruit rot;
    • the peel of the pear is thick and strong, due to which the fruit tolerates transportation well;
    • many sweet tooths adore this variety, because it has a sweet and juicy taste, a bright aroma;
  • up to 200 kilograms of harvest can be harvested from one tree, which makes Marble quite attractive for commercial purposes.

The cons are as follows:

    • the variety does not tolerate the winter season;
    • does not tolerate dry weather, which is why, with insufficient watering, the fruits may begin to crumble;
    • after planting Marble, the gardener will have to wait a long time for the first harvest, fruiting occurs at 6-7 years of age;
  • if May turned out to be especially cold, then you can lose not only flowers, but the entire tree as a whole.

Features of planting and care

The first step will be the selection of seedlings... In order for the purchase to be successful, and the tree quickly took root on the site, when buying planting material, they are guided by the following indicators:

    • the age of the seedlings should not exceed two years;
    • the root system should consist of 3-5 processes, 25-30 centimeters long;
    • if a one-year-old seedling is purchased, then it may consist of one trunk, but a two-year-old specimen must have at least 3 lateral branches;
  • the roots and bark should not have mechanical damage, cracks and the consequences of past diseases.

It is best to choose seedlings with a closed root system.because an earthen ball is a natural defense against damage.

Then you need to decide on the landing site, taking into account the individual characteristics of Marble:

    • the tree requires pollinators, in the form of which other varieties of pears appear, the flowering period of which coincides with the Marble. The best options are Severyanka, Cathedral, Lada, Chizhovskaya and Tatiana;
    • the area for planting pears should be as illuminated as possible;
    • the tree does not tolerate strong winds, so this variety is better protected from such a manifestation of nature. A low structure or fence is well suited as a shelter;
    • a high occurrence of groundwater can erode the root system or become a reason for the appearance of mold;
  • marble does not tolerate stagnant water, so you need to take care of its drainage in advance.

To eliminate the likelihood of flooding a tree, you can plant it on a hill, inside which there is a drainage of expanded clay or similar material.

The soil should be loamy, loose and nutritious. If the soil is sandy or clayey, then you need to additionally apply fertilizers such as humus, manure or peat.

1-2 weeks before the direct planting of the pear, the soil must be prepared:

    1. The diameter of the hole should be 60 cm and the depth 80 cm. When digging a hole, the soil is removed in layers, because the upper part is fertile, and the lower one is not.
    1. Then the upper part of the soil is mixed with the following fertilizers: 7-10 kilograms of humus, 40 grams of potassium, 200 grams of superphosphate, 150 grams of wood ash.
    1. If the soil does not meet the requirements, then an additional 300 grams of limestone is added for drainage.
    1. At the bottom of the pit, they spread walnut shells or tin cans, then add the resulting mixture, taking into account the fact that one third will remain free.
  1. A support is installed in the middle of the pit; its length should not be less than 130 centimeters.

If the roots of the seedling are dry, then they are dipped into a clay chatterbox. Damaged areas are cut with a sharp pruner, and 80 percent of the leaves are also removed.

When choosing a planting scheme, it is worth remembering that vigorous trees should be at a distance of 6-7 meters, and medium-sized ones 4 meters.

Planting a pear you need to pay attention to the deepening of the root collar, it should be 3-5 centimeters above ground level.

After the seedling is placed in the soil, it must be carefully tamped down and a hole must be built to water the plant.

Immediately after planting, the tree is watered abundantly and mulched with hay, sawdust or grass. Vegetable or berry crops can be grown between Marble plantings.

Planting this variety can be carried out both in spring and autumn.

For spring planting, it is better to choose the beginning of May, that is, that period of time when the threat of frost will completely disappear. When planting in spring, the tree needs to be watered 1-2 times a week.

In autumn, the preferred time will be early October.so that the tree can get stronger before the onset of cold weather.

Growing conditions

Marble is extremely drought tolerant, so you need to water it very carefully. Lack of the required amount of moisture can reduce the amount of the crop several times.

On average, 3 buckets of water will be consumed per tree; in dry weather, up to 5 buckets must be brought in. It is better to water the tree using special holes or grooves.

This variety requires a fairly large amount of dressing.

During the flowering period, you need to make nitrogenous substances, for example 100 grams of urea, diluted in 5 liters of water.

In June, to maintain fruit formation, use 50 grams of urea per 5 liters of water. In July, potassium sulfate is 100 grams per 5 liters of water.

To maintain future fruiting, after harvest the root zone is dug up and 1 kilogram of bird droppings, 5 kilograms of compost or 2 kilograms of manure are introduced.

Phosphorus and potassium are used for the same purposes. The size of the applied substances will depend on the age of the tree:

  • under 12 years old - 4 grams of phosphorus and 6 grams of potassium;
  • from 12 to 20 years old - 6 grams of phosphorus and 8 grams of potassium;
  • more than 20 years - 6 grams of phosphorus and 12 grams of potassium.

To stimulate fruit setting and the highest yield, 10 days after flowering, the tree is sprayed with 1% urea solution, the procedure will need to be repeated in 1-2 weeks.

For those trees whose age does not exceed 5 years, all fertilizing is applied in a diameter of 1-2 meters from the post, for adult plantings this figure increases to 3-5 meters.

Pruning is best done in spring., before the start of the movement of the juice or in the fall after harvest, at a temperature not lower than 8 degrees. In the first two years of life, only dry or damaged branches are removed.

In the 3rd year of life, the crown of the future tree is formed, leaving only the 3 healthiest branches, the rest are cut off by one third of the length. In the 4th year, the main branch is shortened by 8 buds, the rest by one third of the length.

Then you need to carry out sanitary pruning of treesremoving diseased or damaged branches.

The pear should be pruned using a sharp secateurs. After the wound dries up, the sites of damage are treated with garden varnish.

Whitewashing a tree trunk will protect it from frost, sun rays and rodents. This procedure should be performed in autumn and spring, using the following mixture:

  • 10 liters of water;
  • 1.5 kilograms of clay;
  • 2 kilograms of lime.

Considering that Marble does not tolerate cold, the tree is carefully prepared for winter:

  • you need to remove all the fallen leaves and remove the last hanging fruits;
  • water the tree abundantly using 50-100 liters of water, then mulch it using hay or sawdust;
  • the trunk of the tree and large branches are covered with cotton, breathable material.

This variety is needed protect not only from winter cold, but also from spring frosts.

Harvesting and storage

Full maturation of the Marble begins in October, but harvesting can begin in September. It is best to remove pears in the morning, tearing them off along with the stalk.

You need to store the fruits in a dry room with a temperature of 0-1 degrees. The container must be dry drawers or wicker baskets work best.

If all conditions are met, pears can lie for up to 2 months.

Features of the variety

The most important feature of Marble is its unique, dessert taste. In addition, such pears contain a huge amount of vitamins and beta-keratin, 85 percent of the fruit is water.

Thanks to these qualities pears of the Marble variety are recommended by many nutritionists... These fruits do not increase appetite and are low in calories.

This variety is an excellent pollinator for many other pears, but at the same time, the process of self-pollination is difficult.

Breeders are very fond of marble. With its help, you can get high-quality varieties of pears, it is an excellent donor.

The negative qualities of mono include poor resistance to cold, because of this, the tree has to be covered not only for the winter, but also in May, during the spring frosts.

Diseases and pests

Marble is resistant to diseases such as powdery mildew, scab or fruit rot, but there are ailments that can affect the tree, so it is very important to know the preventive measures and how to treat it.

Pear mite - sucks the inside of the leaves, in early spring, before the buds swell, the tree must be sprayed with a solution of colloidal sulfur.

Black cancer - is one of the most dangerous diseases, when darkening appears on the bark, the damaged area is cut off, capturing 2-3 centimeters of the healthy part. Then the cut site is treated with a 2% solution of ferrous sulfate.

Medianitsa - as a preventive measure during flowering, the tree is sprayed with an infusion of yarrow or chamomile.

Leaf rust - orange spots begin to appear on the leaves, after flowering they are treated with 1 percent Brodsky liquid, and after the leaves fall off, the branches are treated with a 5 percent carbamide solution.

Moths - to get rid of insects, you need to collect all crumbling carrion and spray the leaves with water during the summer of butterflies.

Green aphid - Treating wood with soapy water with anabasine will help get rid of pests.

Sunburn - regular whitewashing of the wood post helps the best.

Cytosporosis - the bark of the tree becomes dark red and gradually dries up, mainly old or weakened individuals suffer.

To prevent the onset of the disease, you need to whitewash the trunks and avoid damage... Infected areas are removed and treated with a solution of copper sulfate.

The most important prevention method and the treatment of diseases is the timely removal of infected or suspicious branches, after which they must be burned.

Gardeners reviews

Olga: “I planted a marble pear on my plot and did not regret it at all, our climate is warm enough, we live in Orel. Yes, the tree happens to freeze, but the taste of the fruits themselves always remains at the highest level, if you take proper care of the tree, it will bring a huge amount of harvest, from which I will make jam and stewed fruit. "

Basil: “Next year I am going to remove Mramornaya from my site, the tree is constantly freezing and requires a lot of care. In addition, there is no sourness in the taste, and without it, in my opinion, a pear ceases to be a pear. In addition, this variety can abruptly stop the ripening of fruits, and they remain hanging until late autumn, while other trees regularly bring crops. "

Irina: “I love Marblenaya for its excellent taste, besides, its appearance allows us to use this variety for sale. If pears are picked in autumn, then they taste like a melon, a very unusual combination of tastes is obtained. "

Choosing the Marble variety, you need to take into account the climatic conditions of the region in which you plan to plant. Otherwise, the tree will constantly freeze, hurt, or even die.

But if the weather allows you to grow this variety, then such fruits will decorate any table... Delicate, sweet, juicy, with flesh melting in your mouth, they will become favorites of both children and adults.


Description of the variety of pears Marble

Over the past several decades, breeders have bred a large number of varieties of pear trees. About 200 varieties are grown on the territory of the Russian Federation. One of the most popular is the marble pear. It attracts gardeners with its crown, tasty fruits and high yield characteristics.

  1. Characteristic
  2. Plant features
  3. Fruit appearance
  • Pollination possibility
  • Planting
  • Sapling selection
  • Boarding time
  • Planting place
  • Landing rules
  • Care rules
  • Fight disease
  • Conclusion
  • Description of the variety of pears Marble


    The history of the creation of the variety

    This variety was bred by Russian breeders G. D. Neporozhny and A. M. Ulyanishcheva, working at the Rossosh zonal experimental gardening station in the middle of the last century. After the tests in 1965, the marble pear was entered into the State Register and zoned for cultivation in the following Russian regions:

    Photo of pears Marble

    Pear Marble was obtained by hybridizing the following varieties - Bere Zimnaya Michurin and Lesnaya Krasavitsa.

    Most often, this pear can be found in garden plots in the southern regions of the Central Black Earth Region.


    Pear "Marble" - description of the variety. Photos and reviews

    Pear "Marble" is one of the most popular varieties in Russia. The history of the emergence of this variety is associated with the name of the outstanding Soviet breeder Ivan Michurin.He managed to develop a pear variety that could grow in Russia's harsh climate. It was the Bere Zimnyaya Michurina variety. Then Michurin's students working at the gardening station in the city of Rossosh, located in the Voronezh region, crossed this variety with the Forest Beauty variety. And it turned out "Marble" pear. The authors of the variety are A.M. Ulyanishchev and G.D. Impudent. In 1965, the variety was entered in the State Register and began to be grown in the Central, Central Black Earth, Volgo-Vyatka and Nizhnevolzhsky regions.

    Pear "Marble": description of the variety

    Pear "Marble" is an early autumn variety. The tree of this variety is of medium height - up to 4 meters, but has powerful branches and a crown of a pyramidal shape of medium density. Shoot formation is weak. The bark on the trunk and main branches is predominantly gray-green in color. The leaves are green, not pubescent, of medium size, have sharp corners near the shoots, ovoid, finely toothed edges and a rounded base. The buds are triangular and brown in color.

    The flowers are double, white, saucer-shaped, but during the formation of the fruits they acquire a slightly pinkish color. The diameter of the flower is no more than 3 cm. The inflorescences are of the umbrella-shaped type and consist of 8-9 small flowers. Another nuance: the marble pear is distinguished by its early flowering period.

    The fruits of "Marble" are medium or slightly more than medium in size. Fruit weight ranges from 130 to 170 grams, but individual pears can be large - up to 200-220 grams. The fruits generally have a regular short pear-shaped shape. The surface of pears is smooth, dense, under the peel there are small inclusions of a rusty color.

    The main color of the fruit is greenish-yellow. But on the side of the "Marble" pear there is always a brown-red marble spot, which is why this variety was named that way.

    The flesh of pears is creamy or white with a coarse-grained structure. Taste qualities of "Marble" are excellent, its pulp is juicy, tender, melting, with a pleasant aroma, that is, it is characterized by a significant predominance of sugars over acids. Tasting pear score on a five-point scale - 4.8 points.

    Despite the fact that the fruits of this variety are very sweet - the sugar content is 10.7%, they do not increase the appetite, therefore the "Marble" pear can also be used in dietary food intended for diabetics and obese people. Moreover, the use of pears "Marble" improves the functioning of the pancreas and has a refreshing effect on the body as a whole.

    The advantages of the variety include good yield, high transportability, rather long shelf life - up to 60 days and, of course, very tasty fruits. The disadvantages of litter "Marble" are average frost resistance, poor drought resistance, fruiting 6-7 years after planting, susceptibility to powdery mildew.

    Pear "Marble": planting and care

    This variety is unpretentious, however, the planting area should be as illuminated as possible and protected from strong winds. The Marble variety prefers nutritious, loose, loamy soils, where the tree gives the most generous harvest, especially with proper care. On other soils, peat, compost or humus should be applied before planting.

    After planting, special attention should be paid to watering, because "Marble" does not tolerate drought. With a lack of moisture in the soil, the fruits may crumble prematurely. The irrigation rate with the average rainfall is 2-3 buckets per 1 square meter. m. In dry summers, the amount of water is doubled.


    Landing

    Marble is an unpretentious variety. The survival rate of a pear largely depends on the choice of time and place for planting, preparation of the pit and soil, as well as on the quality of the seedling itself.

    How to choose a seedling

    It is recommended to purchase pear planting material in a fruit nursery, a production department of a research institute or in a specialized store.

    When choosing a marble pear seedling, you should pay attention to the following points:

    1. Age... 1–2 year old seedlings are best suited. Older trees always lag behind in development, since when they are excavated they lose at least 80% of their roots. It is quite difficult for the remaining root system to provide adequate nutrition to the plant.
    2. Root system... The roots of the tree should be well developed, without damage, and have a healthy appearance. The number of main roots is 3-5 pieces, their optimal length is 25-30 cm. Try to find a seedling with a closed root system - an earthen ball is an additional protection for the young, thanks to which it can be planted throughout the growing season.
    3. Branching the trunk... One-year-olds can be safely taken without side branches. Two-year-old seedlings should have a crown of 3-4 branches.
    4. Bark... A healthy plant bark is always smooth, without cracks and mechanical damage.

    Timing

    Planting pears of this variety are carried out in the spring or autumn. Since Marble is very sensitive to sudden changes in temperature, in spring the process can be carried out only after the threat of frost return has passed, that is, approximately May 1-10. An important condition for spring planting is timely watering of young animals.

    In autumn, it is preferable to plant a tree a month before the onset of cold winds and low temperatures - October 1-15. At this time, the soil is still warm enough for the root system to take root and get stronger until January.

    Seat selection

    Pear trees are very demanding on lighting. The site should be without shading, as illuminated and open as possible.

    An additional advantage will be the presence of a low fence or building at a distance of 3-4 m. The buildings will help protect the tree from strong gusts of wind during the cold season.

    Despite the fact that the pear is a moisture-loving plant, it does not tolerate stagnation of water. There must be a ditch nearby to drain water. In addition, any suggestion of tree flooding can be ruled out by draining the soil and planting the seedling on an artificial mound. The permissible groundwater level is 2.5 m from the earth's surface.

    The Marble variety prefers nutritious, loose, loamy soils, where the tree gives the most generous harvest, especially with proper care.

    On sandy, clayey or swampy soil, planting is possible only with preliminary drainage and further application of additional fertilizers - peat, compost or humus.

    How to plant

    Planting a pear tree is carried out in the following sequence:

    1. Pit preparation... It is advisable to dig a pit for a sapling of a marble pear 1–2 weeks before the planting process. The size of the pit depends on the size of the tree. The average depth of the pit for a 1–2-year-old seedling is 80 cm, the diameter is about 60 cm. The soil should be removed in layers: the top layer in one pile, and the bottom layer in another.
    2. Fertilization... The upper, fertile layer of the earth is mixed with organic and mineral fertilizers. From organic matter, it is preferable to use 7-10 kg of humus, from minerals - 40 g of potassium, 150-250 g of superphosphate and 150 g of wood ash. 300 g of limestone is added to the problem soil for drainage, walnut shells or small tin cans are added to the bottom of the pit. The resulting fertile mixture is poured into the center of the pit so that 1/3 of it remains empty.
    3. Support installation... Not far from the middle of the hill, a stake is driven in to support a young tree during strong gusts of wind. The recommended support length is 130–160 cm, diameter is 5–8 cm.
    4. Seedling preparation... Carefully inspect the tree immediately before planting. If the roots are severely damaged, trim them with a sharp pruner. On seedlings with an open root system, 80% of the leaves are additionally cut off. It is advisable to lower the dried roots for 5–8 minutes in a clay mash.
    5. Planting pears... You need to install the seedling in the middle of the pit, filling it with fertile soil. It is very important to monitor the root collar of the plant - it should be 3-5 cm higher from the surface of the ground. Periodic shaking of the tree and gentle pulling up help to avoid deepening.
    6. Well formation. At the end of planting, you should trample the soil well, tie a pear to a stake and make a hole for watering with a hoe.
    7. Watering and mulching... Immediately water the young with 2-3 buckets of water. After the moisture has been absorbed, mulch the planting site with straw, sawdust or fallen leaves. If planting was carried out in spring, repeat watering 1-2 times a week for a month.

    When installing a seedling in a hole, you need to carefully spread the roots

    When planting several pear trees, plan your planting pattern ahead of time. The distance between a medium-sized tree and a Marble pear should be at least 4 m. Plant a strong-growing pear at a distance of 6-7 m from the Marble.

    In the unused area between the trees, you can plant vegetables or berry bushes.

    The main role of the further development of the Marble Pear is provided by proper and regular maintenance. In addition, the timely implementation of the necessary work significantly increases the volume of the harvest and changes the taste of the fruit for the better.

    Caring for a pear tree includes the following activities:

    • watering and loosening the soil
    • pruning
    • fertilization
    • spraying against diseases and pests
    • preparation for winter: mulching and shelter of boles.

    Watering

    The main disadvantage of the Marble pear variety is its poor drought resistance. The lack of moisture in the soil brings with it high shedding of fruits and a decrease in yield. It is very important to choose a reliable irrigation system that will fully meet the requirements of the plant, but also not flood it.

    Sprinkler irrigation is considered to be the most effective method, in which water evenly waters the tree, simulating real rain. Recommended spraying time is 1.5-2 hours.

    If there is no running water on the site, you can dig a ditch around the pear and pour water into it. The depth of the ditch must be at least 15 cm.

    Watering should be done in spring and summer. It is impossible to tell the exact time frame as it depends on the weather changes. The irrigation rate with the average rainfall is 2-3 buckets per 1 square meter. m.In dry summers, the amount of water is doubled.

    Thorough weeding of the near-trunk circle after watering or rain helps to correctly distribute moisture and facilitate the flow of air into the soil. The first loosening is carried out to a depth of 10-15 cm, the subsequent ones - by 8-10 cm.

    Pear variety Marble is a very moisture-loving plant that does not tolerate prolonged drought

    Pruning

    Competent pruning of the branches of the Marble Pear stimulates the formation of new buds.

    The process is carried out annually with the onset of spring. First of all, it is necessary to remove damaged and dry branches. Then part of the branches with old flower buds is cut off and the remaining young branches are shortened. Significant shortening is not required - it is enough to cut off 1/4 of the annual growth.

    Cuts thin branches with a sharp pruner, and thick branches with a saw. To achieve the most even surface, the cut is cleaned with a sharp knife.

    All wounds must be treated with garden varnish or oil paint.

    Video: pruning pears Marble

    Preparing for winter

    The root system of a young, not yet formed Marble pear freezes even at a temperature of 7-8 degrees. You can save it with mulch or other covering materials. The same care is required for an adult pear in a cold climate.

    It is recommended to prepare the tree for the cold at the end of September. The trunk circle is dug up, watered, and then covered with a mixture of peat and humus, horse manure or crushed tree bark. For reliable protection of the roots, the layer thickness should be at least 20 cm. Dense organic mulch not only protects the pear from freezing, but also nourishes it, and also prevents the growth of weeds.

    In a snowy winter, the plant can be insulated with the help of snow, periodically raking it up to the trunk. If the winter turned out to be little snow, carry out hilling with soil.

    The pear tree is well protected by dense trunk straps to a height of about 0.8 m. Both natural and artificial material that allows air to pass through is allowed. Of natural natural materials, pine needles, reeds, roofing paper are most often used. From available tools, plastic mesh, cotton fabric, corrugated cardboard, newspapers are excellent.

    Top dressing

    One of the main care processes is pear feeding. The purpose of the procedure is to activate the growth of new shoots, on which, in fact, the yield of the tree depends.

    The type of fertilizer, as well as the frequency and method of their application, depend on the season, the stage of vegetation and the soil on which the tree grows.

    The table shows the possible ratio of fertilizers on medium-fertile soils.

    Table: scheme of feeding a pear tree for a year

    number
    (for 1 sq. m)

    Method of application

    during flowering,
    annually

    subsoil root, to a depth of about 10-12 cm

    subsoil root, to a depth of about 8-10 cm

    after harvest,
    annually

    a mixture of potassium chloride and superphosphate in granules

    1.5 tablespoons per 10 liters of water

    subsoil root, to a depth of about 10-12 cm

    subsoil root, to a depth of no more than 8 cm

    after the leaves have fallen,
    Once every 3 years

    subsoil root, to a depth of about 15 cm

    In the autumn period, it is possible to feed the Marble pear with nitrogen-containing compounds only until September, otherwise the tree will not have time to prepare for wintering and will die with the onset of the first frost.

    Root dressing for young trees aged 2 to 5 years after planting is applied only according to the projection of the crown. Older trees need a wider range of fertilizer placement - up to 4–5 m from the trunk.


    Landing features

    Marble pears are planted according to the standard scheme

    You can plant a pear in the spring before the beginning of the growing season (from the second half of March to the end of April) or in the fall before frosts.

    Important! Pear pollen is self-sterile, so the plant needs pollinators. You need to choose a variety that coincides with Marble in terms of ripening. It can be Oryol summer, Severyanka or Cathedral.

    Pear Marble is a thermophilic culture, so the place for it should be chosen on the south side. It is desirable that there are other plantations on the site that will protect the plant from gusts of wind.

    The landing features are as follows:

      A tree needs nutritious, loose, well-moistened soil. The most suitable option would be a site where sand is located under a fertile layer of earth.

    Important! Do not plant the pear in solid ground.

    Important! Inspect the root system of the seedling, if it is dry, lower it in water for 10-15 minutes before planting. Otherwise, the tree will not take root well.

    Sapling selection

    Particular attention should be paid to the quality of pear seedlings:

    • For planting, it is better to choose two-year-old pears with 4 side branches.
    • There should be 4-5 strong roots, up to 32 cm long.
    • It is desirable to have an earthen coma with roots.
    • There should be no signs of cracking on the surface of the bark.

    Terms and preparation of the site

    You can start planting pears in the spring or autumn months:

    • Spring work begins only after the establishment of stable warm weather, when the risk of frost return has passed, approximately from May 1 to May 5.
    • In autumn, you need to plant a pear before the onset of cold weather, since the root system takes time to adapt, in the first half of October.

    The place for planting pears must meet the following requirements:

    • good illumination
    • protection from through winds
    • fertile, loose soil with good aeration without moisture stagnation.

    Distance between trees

    The marble pear planting site should receive as much natural light as possible. Trees need pollinating neighbors, whose flowering period coincides with the given variety. For this, such types as Cathedral, Chizhovskaya, Severyanka, Lada, Tatiana are suitable. The planting scheme should take into account the parameters of adult trees - medium-sized plants can be at a distance of at least 4 meters, vigorous ones will need at least 6-7 meters.

    Sequence of actions for landing

    Recommendations to help you plant pear seedlings correctly:

    1. 12 days before planting the seedling, they dig a hole 75 cm deep.
    2. The soil dug out of the hole is mixed with fertilizers.
    3. If the soil is heavy, then gravel is poured onto the bottom of the pit.
    4. A pole is installed in the center of the pit, which will serve as a support for the trunk.
    5. Place a seedling and bury it with earth. The root collar of the seedling should protrude 6 cm above ground level.
    6. The trunk is tied to a support, the soil is slightly compacted and a groove is made for irrigation.

    Immediately after planting, the pear is watered with settled water. One root consumes up to 25 liters of water. Then the soil is mulched. Straw, sawdust, dry foliage are chosen as mulch.


    Pear "Marble" is a very interesting variety for giving

    Pear "Marble" is one of the most popular varieties in Russia. The history of the emergence of this variety is associated with the name of the outstanding Soviet breeder Ivan Michurin. He managed to develop a pear variety that could grow in Russia's harsh climate. It was the Bere Zimnyaya Michurina variety.

    Then Michurin's students working at the gardening station in the city of Rossosh, located in the Voronezh region, crossed this variety with the Forest Beauty variety. And it turned out "Marble" pear. The authors of the variety are A.M. Ulyanishchev and G.D. Impudent.

    In 1965, the variety was entered in the State Register and began to be grown in the Central, Central Black Earth, Volgo-Vyatka and Nizhnevolzhsky regions.

    Pear "Marble": description of the variety

    Pear "Marble" is an early autumn variety. The tree of this variety is of medium height - up to 4 meters, but has powerful branches and a crown of a pyramidal shape of medium density. Shoot formation is weak.

    The bark on the trunk and main branches is predominantly gray-green in color. The leaves are green, not pubescent, of medium size, have sharp corners near the shoots, ovoid, finely toothed edges and a rounded base.

    The buds are triangular and brown in color.

    The flowers are double, white, saucer-shaped, but during the formation of the fruits they acquire a slightly pinkish color. The diameter of the flower is no more than 3 cm. The inflorescences are of the umbrella-shaped type and consist of 8-9 small flowers. Another nuance: the marble pear is distinguished by its early flowering period.

    The fruits of "Marble" are medium or slightly more than medium in size. Fruit weight ranges from 130 to 170 grams, but individual pears can be large - up to 200-220 grams. The fruits generally have a regular short pear-shaped shape. The surface of pears is smooth, dense, under the peel there are small inclusions of a rusty color.

    The main color of the fruit is greenish-yellow. But on the side of the "Marble" pear there is always a brown-red marble spot, which is why this variety was named that way.

    The flesh of pears is creamy or white with a coarse-grained structure. Taste qualities of "Marble" are excellent, its pulp is juicy, tender, melting, with a pleasant aroma, that is, it is characterized by a significant predominance of sugars over acids. Tasting pear score on a five-point scale - 4.8 points.

    Despite the fact that the fruits of this variety are very sweet - the sugar content is 10.7%, they do not increase the appetite, therefore the "Marble" pear can also be used in dietary food intended for diabetics and obese people. Moreover, the use of pears "Marble" improves the functioning of the pancreas and has a refreshing effect on the body as a whole.

    The advantages of the variety include good yield, high transportability, rather long shelf life - up to 60 days and, of course, very tasty fruits. The disadvantages of litter "Marble" are average frost resistance, poor drought resistance, fruiting 6-7 years after planting, susceptibility to powdery mildew.

    Pear "Marble": planting and care

    This variety is unpretentious, however, the planting area should be as illuminated as possible and protected from strong winds. The Marble variety prefers nutritious, loose, loamy soils, where the tree gives the most generous harvest, especially with proper care. On other soils, peat, compost or humus should be applied before planting.

    After planting, special attention should be paid to watering, because "Marble" does not tolerate drought. With a lack of moisture in the soil, the fruits may crumble prematurely. The irrigation rate with the average rainfall is 2-3 buckets per 1 square meter. m. In dry summers, the amount of water is doubled.


    Watch the video: Prickly Pears: vol. 48, Alice Marble


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