Garden hybrid tea roses grafted onto rose hips are more viable and resistant to changing climatic conditions. With illiterate care, the flower garden is reborn into a chic garden from a vigorous wild rosehip.
Growing garden roses by budding is much easier than growing from cuttings. Rosehip (wild rose) is used for the rootstock of roses, which is found everywhere - from Central Russia to the Far East. Rosehip:
Rosehip blooms with bright pink flowers
Roses grafted onto rose hips survive on the powerful roots of the plant in 80% of cases, grow and bloom profusely the next year. Rosehip is used for budding all types of roses - ground cover, climbing, floribunda, park.
The park rose is a cultivated rosehip hybrid that is undemanding to care and hibernates without shelter. In terms of the abundance of flowering and a variety of shades, it is not inferior to hybrid tea roses. A vigorous bush and small double flowers of park roses are often confused with a wild rose (rose hip).
According to the botanical classification characteristics, the rose and the dog rose belong to the same genus Rosa and the Rosanny family. They are very similar: both shrubs are thorny, have a similar leaf shape, bloom with beautiful fragrant flowers - shields from May to the last decade of August. By a number of signs, these plants can be easily distinguished.
|rose flower||Rose hip|
|Three to five leaves.||The petiole consists of seven leaves.|
|The leaves are smooth, large, with a glossy shade, rich green.||Small, rough, light green leaves with a matte shade.|
|Shoots are dark-burgundy, brown with age;||Shoots are light green, after a while - dark green, soft, brittle.|
|The spines and thorns are large, rarely located.||Numerous thorns of various sizes grow densely on shoots and petioles.|
|There are no fruits.||The fruits are bright orange (red), round and oval in shape with seeds inside.|
Only at first glance, a rose looks like a rose hip, it is very easy to distinguish them by leaves and flowers.
After 3-4 years, strong, disease-resistant and temperature-resistant shoots of the wild stock begin to sprout, clogging up the cultivated graft.
Wild rose hips are distinguished by light green leaves
A delicate capricious rose can wither completely and stop blooming. In one season, a powerful rose hip can irreversibly destroy the vaccine.
Despite the large inflorescences, abundant growth of shoots, with incorrect budding, the dog rose “won” my floribunda the next year. And on ground cover with curly stems and small semi-double flowers, the dog rose is especially noticeable. Rosehips on grafts do not bloom, that is, from an insanely smelling splendor, a rose turns into a prickly, nondescript, completely inaccessible outcast bush.
A conscientious and competent approach to grafting a cultivated rose is a guarantee of high-quality budding and longevity of a new variety on wild rose hips. During reproduction, the place of budding (thickening with shoots) of the grafted rose is deepened at least 3-5 cm below ground level, this will strengthen the scion cutting and increase its survival rate.
This is what the grafting site on the rose looks like, which needs to be buried.
The lower part of the bush is huddled annually, since due to precipitation and wind, the soil subsides over time, the graft is exposed.
It must be remembered that if you pick up weak, diseased cuttings for budding, the scion will not be able to take root on the rose hips, which at the first opportunity will give a “wild” growth and destroy the inoculation.
In the 3-4th year, the first shoots of the rootstock may appear, so you should carefully study all young shoots. If the first shoots of a "wild" rose appear, you must immediately take drastic measures.
Young shoots of rose hips are completely cut out with sharp garden tools
Re-germination of rose hips is immediately removed again. This can be repeated 2-3 times per season.... Proper care and adherence to agricultural techniques will not allow the wild to displace the "cultural" grafting. High-quality seedlings develop quickly and rarely give the rose hips the opportunity to express themselves.
Budding is a common way of propagating roses, because planting roses is much more efficient and cheaper. In order not to deny yourself such pleasure and receive pink abundance in your own flower bed every year, you need to be patient and not lazy. If you regularly fight against wild growth and observe the agricultural technique of cultivated roses, the flower garden will delight with its aroma and surprise with beauty from late spring to late autumn.
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Very often, flower growers ask the question - what to do if a rose has turned into a rosehip or why a rose is reborn into a rosehip, and the like. It does not happen that a cultivated hybrid tea or climbing rose turns into a rosehip, as if by magic. This cannot be for the simple reason that a cultivated rose and a wild rose are different plants and simply cannot mutate one into another.
Reproduction of roses occurs in several ways - sowing seeds, cuttings and grafting on the stock. To wait for a full-fledged seedling from seeds is a long task and it is not known what else will turn out. Cuttings are also not a massive method of reproduction. In addition, roses are obtained on their own roots, and not everywhere they can survive in harsh winters. Therefore, the most optimal way to reproduce roses is by grafting a rose onto a rose hip.
And the rose turns into a rosehip because once the rose dies, mainly in winter for various reasons - it is frozen, soaked, from diseases, and instead of its shoots in the spring, rosehip branches appear, on which the rose was grafted. Novice rose growers may not pay attention to this and continue to care for the plant, as for a cultivated rose, but such a bush can only bloom with wild rose flowers.
What to do with such a “rose”? My answer is to dig it up and throw it away, or, at worst, plant it in the far corner of the garden and grow it like a rosehip, nevertheless, at least there will be some benefit. Fruits in the fall can be harvested and used as winter vitamins.
It should be noted that not only hybrid tea roses are grafted onto rose hips, but also climbing, standard and all others. The only option not to get a wild sister is to cut a cultivar and grow it as a self-rooted plant.
The cultivated rose is most often grown on a rootstock, which is a wild rose or canina rose, a dog rose, and it is rare to find a rooted rose on sale. Since the rosehip is a more hardy plant, it was chosen as a rootstock. They are grafted onto a young rosehip (rootstock for roses), one or more buds taken from a cultivated rose, and after it takes root, the stem of the rosehip is cut off above the grafting site.
You may have noticed when you bought a rose in a store or in the market with an open root system that in the lower part, above the roots, there is a thickening, from which two or three rose shoots extend. This is the place of grafting a rose on a rose hip, which must be carefully protected from frost in winter. And besides this, it is necessary to plant a young rose so that the grafting site is 8-10 cm below the soil level. In the most severe frosts, if the rose is still covered with a layer of earth, covering material and snow from above, the lower buds of the rose are preserved.
True, in this case, the spring pruning sometimes has to be done practically "like Kotovsky", but the rose over the summer increases the required green mass and blooms normally. Everything that is under the earthen hillock remains alive, even if there is no shelter above. Naturally, this applies to healthy rose bushes. Weakened, aching roses may not survive the winter, no matter how well they cover it.
It is in the spring, when the roses are pruned, that you need to inspect the bushes and cut out the root shoots of the rose hips in time. However, this operation must be done periodically throughout the summer period, until the very frosts, since the rosehip is such a strong and hardy plant that it can grow almost all the time. Sometimes you can observe how rosehip shoots grow almost a meter from the rose itself, and they also need to be constantly removed.
How to prune roses was written in this article. Then the question will not arise why the rose became a rosehip.
Many novice flower growers do not know how to distinguish a rose from a rose hip. It's not very difficult. Many roses have young reddish leaves and in spring the rose hips stand out against this background. They are green, their leaves are smaller and there are more than 5 of them on a branch. Although there are also cultivated roses with the number of leaves more than 5 pieces, they still differ sharply in appearance from the leaves of the wild rose. These shoots, which differ in their appearance from the cultivated rose, must be cut out mercilessly and as close to the root as possible.
Several photos where you can see how the dog rose grows inside the cultivated rose bush.
Rosehip grew in hybrid tea rose
As you can see, the rosehip leaves (circled and marked with numbers 1 and 2) stand out against the background of the foliage of the cultivated rose. They have fine carved edges and are lighter in color. The leaves are not shiny and are smaller than the rose leaf.
This short video shows which shoots a rosehip produces and how to remove them. If you closely follow your darlings, then you will never have the question of why and how a rose turns into a rosehip.
Of course, there is nothing difficult in distinguishing an adult blooming rose hip from a rose. But how to distinguish the shoots when they have just begun to grow - after all, it is at this moment that you need to start the fight against the "wild" shoots. At the initial stage of growth, shoots can be distinguished by the following features:
These are the main signs suggesting how to distinguish rose hips from the branches of a cultivated rose. You can also pay attention to the shape of the leaves, the number of simple leaves in one complex, but as practice shows, this is possible only if you know exactly the varietal characteristics of your rose. Therefore, there is no need to waste time, but it is better to start correcting the situation as early as possible.
The differences are understandable, but why do roses turn into rose hips, how to avoid this, and what to do? To answer these questions, let's figure out how a decorative representative of the species gets into our garden. The plant can be with its own root system, or it can be grafted onto the so-called "rootstock".
There are times when you can see wild-growing shoots a meter away from a rose bush. They also need to be removed. They take away the strength from the main plant, it grows and blooms worse.
The rose turns into a rose hip for several reasons, among which the main one is the use of rapidly growing varieties of rose hips as a rootstock.
Some breeders use fast growing rosehip species for rootstock, which results in plant overgrowth and dominance of the cultivated flower. Rosehip gives numerous shoots in the lower part of the bush, as well as root suckers, which can grow up to 2 meters in diameter from the main plant.
The graft tolerates unfavorable conditions worse, therefore, above the grafting site, cultivars often die, and the stock begins to develop, quickly turning into impassable thickets of rose hips.
If the graft is damaged or died, the growing rose bush should be re-grafted, removing the root shoots and overgrown offspring.
Rosehip is a shrub that belongs to the Pink family. Height can reach from 15 cm to 10 m. This plant is very ancient, the life of one bush is on average about 40 years, but there are specimens that bloom for about half a century. Their root system is strong and developed, can penetrate 5 m deep and grow in a radius of about 80 cm. The shrub is unpretentious and grows on our planet in almost all corners, in various climatic conditions.
Some species are resistant to frost so much that they are common all the way to the Arctic. In warm regions, this plant is evergreen.
A rose is a descendant of a rose hip. It appeared a long time ago thanks to the caring hands of a person. Even in ancient Rome, their gardens were decorated with roses of various types. Various varieties of these flowers were bred by repeated crosses and domestication of rose hips. Unlike her relative, she is very whimsical, loves warmth and a lot of light, requires only neutral soil and constant watering under her.
The remedy for the situation depends on the cause. If it lies in the depth of the planting, then it is enough to transplant the bush, observing all agrotechnical rules. If the vaccination dies, the plant can be re-grafted.
Too aggressive rootstock grows through the ground with numerous shoots that surround the cultivated plant. They weaken the flowers, so they are removed immediately and at the root at the very base.
The cutting sites are disinfected with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. In no case should you leave such shoots - wild growth quickly suppresses the rose.
When simple pruning is not enough, some summer residents act drastically: they root the vaccine.To do this, choose the strongest shoot of a winter-hardy rose, remove the green outer layer with a ring about 0.5 cm wide.
The bare trunk must be overlaid with sphagnum moss, wrapped with cling film (it is more convenient to work with it, but you can use a piece of polyethylene). A hole is left on top for pouring water and a solution that stimulates root growth.
The first roots are formed in 1–1.5 months. When they get stronger, you need to separate the trunk and disembark. Own-rooted varieties never degenerate, but they are capricious and require a lot of attention.
If the summer resident observes the rules of care, planting and pruning, then his grafted seedling will forever remain a decoration of the flower bed, without making attempts to run wild.