Wasted labor: 6 things you waste in your garden


Some summer residents have been trying in vain for years to grow a worthwhile crop on their plots. They, sparing no effort and time, work all summer in their gardens: they buy expensive seeds, use modern technologies and effective fertilizers, but the results each year leave much to be desired. Do not despair and give up: just find out what mistakes can lead garden lovers to disappointment in order to prevent them.

Water the garden often with a watering can

The main principle of competent watering is to water the beds when the soil is dry and really needs moisture. Quality is important, not frequency. Plants do not need frequent watering, as many of us mistakenly believe. Moreover, it can have a detrimental effect on their development.

From frequent watering, the soil on the surface becomes hard, the soil is hard, and a crust forms. Without additional loosening, the roots of plants cease to receive nutrients and weaken. Due to the excess moisture in the ground, a favorable environment is formed for the development of pathogenic microflora, as a result of which the plant begins to rot. Do not try to go around all the beds with a watering can every day, do it only when necessary, and then your watering will be more effective.

Digging up the soil

Loosening the soil is a very useful procedure: the land is enriched with oxygen, weeds are destroyed and useful crops in your beds begin to develop faster and better. All this is true when it comes to lightly digging up the top layer of the earth with a hoe or a mechanical cultivator, and not with a shovel to the full depth of the bayonet. Deep digging is harmful to plants, as it violates the natural earthy clod around the roots of the plant, which interferes with its development.

If the soil in your summer cottage is predominantly sandy, then it should not be dug more than once or twice a season at all. if the soil is mostly clay, then deep digging raises loamy layers to the surface, which impede the supply of oxygen to the roots of plants, which harms the development of crops.

Planting too old seedlings

Each of us wants to quickly grow an orchard around our country house, drowning in a variegated variety of flowers, the aroma of berries and juicy fruits. Such a tempting prospect and impatience make summer residents buy old enough seedlings 3-5 years old and try to plant them at their summer cottage. Those who do this act very recklessly, since adult seedlings have a low chance of taking root, they get sick longer than young ones, and more often die, failing to adapt.

Set fire to old grass

Not only does the burnt dry grass often become the main cause of large fires, but also the overheating of the top layer of the soil leads to the fact that the soil loses its fertility. This happens due to the fact that useful microflora is destroyed, humic substances are destroyed, beneficial insects die. All this leads to the fact that plants cannot develop normally, resist diseases, weaken and eventually die. By setting fire to the grass in your backyard, you lose every opportunity to grow a decent crop.

Plant the same vegetables in the same garden from year to year

Crop rotation is the main strategic task of any summer resident in the struggle for high yields. It is impossible, when planting the same crops in the same places from year to year, to expect that the plants will develop correctly and bring a good harvest. The fact is that with this approach, the fertile soil layer is noticeably thinner, many pests and pathogenic microorganisms accumulate in the ground, especially dangerous for certain plant species. All this leads to the fact that every year the plants lose their resistance to diseases, become weaker and bear less fruit.

Putting seeds too close together

It is a mistake to believe that thickened plantings will bring you a greater yield of greens or vegetables. This is fundamentally wrong, because by exceeding the permissible number of seeds in a hole, you will achieve that they will simply interfere with each other's development, competing with each other for light, water and nutrients.

This will have an extremely negative effect on seedlings. The sprouts will form weak and lanky. Thinning them will not be easy because of the likelihood of accidentally pulling out a whole bunch. Therefore, be careful: objectively evaluate your capabilities and the amount of seeds that you can afford to sow in the garden.

Much of what we used to do and considered useful, upon closer examination, in fact, turned out to be not so effective in terms of the invested effort, and sometimes even destructive for plantings. It is better to analyze your actions more often and learn to approach the issues of gardening and horticulture wisely, and then high yields will not be long in coming.


Calceolaria: photo, how to grow

There are flowering plants that not everyone can grow, and not at all because they are very difficult to sow or need some special, super-difficult care. It's just that when growing them, you need, first of all, patience and again patience. But if it turns out to bring the cultivation process to a victorious bloom, then a person can "get sick" with these flowers for a very long time. This is how they become fans and collectors of many unique and exotic plants. Among such representatives of the plant kingdom, one can mention saintpaulia, gloxinia, fuchsia and many other charming flowers.

Of course, one of the clearest examples of such plants is calceolaria. Many consider it not just an annual, but even a disposable flower that should be thrown away after flowering, since you will not get anything more from it. But it is not so. Indeed, in order to preserve calceolaria after flowering, and even more so to get it to bloom again, you need to apply a lot of effort and patience. And this is not possible in all conditions. And growing calceolaria from seeds at home is also not the easiest thing to do, which will require patience and thoroughness from you. Nevertheless, having studied all the features and requirements of this non-standard flower, someone, perhaps, will be able to provide calceolaria with exactly those conditions in which it will be comfortable and well, without unnecessary stress.


Biological product from pests Fitoverm

Fitoverm is a biological product that destroys an impressive proportion of garden and garden pests.

It is used on all types of open and protected ground crops, including indoor plants.

Fitoverm belongs to the group of insectoacaricides, that is, the agent is effective against both leaf-gnawing insects and ticks:

  • Colorado potato beetle
  • sawfly
  • moths
  • moths
  • all types of aphids
  • gall mite
  • herbivorous mites
  • scabbards
  • leaflets
  • whitefly
  • thrips
  • mealbugs
  • caterpillars
  • scoop and other pest butterflies
  • moles.
  • etc.

In total, it protects green spaces from 20 species of dangerous harmful insects and ticks.

The drug is produced by LLC NBC "Farmbiomed" in vessels of different sizes - in ampoules from 2 to 100 milliliters for private use in bottles of 200, 400 milliliters and cans of 1-5 liters for farms. The active agent of Fitoverma is Avermectin C, the standard dosage is 2 g / l.

Usually the name of the pesticide is followed by the abbreviation CE. It stands for "concentrated emulsion".

There are several subspecies on sale:

  1. Fitoverm M has acaricidal and insecticidal properties, works equally well in an open garden and in a greenhouse.
  2. Fitoverm Forte contains more active ingredient (10 g / l.), Which allows you to effectively eradicate ticks.
  3. Fitoverm P is produced in powder form and is designed to fight nematodes.

If the area is large, I advise you to buy the drug in a large package. It turns out more economically.


Agrochemical properties

MoeChevin is a highly concentrated, ballastless nitrogen fertilizer. In him contains 46.2% nitrogen in amide form, agronomically effective fertilizer... Differs in a number of valuable qualities:


  1. A high concentration of nitrogen is combined with a light solubility in water, but the risk of leaching into the lower soil horizons is small.
  2. High mobility combined with slow degradability in soil
  3. In terms of nitrogen content, urea (100 kg) is equivalent to sodium nitrate (300 kg) or ammonium sulfate (225 kg)
  4. Urea has significantly less acidifying effect than ammonium sulfate
  5. On acidic light soils (sandy loam and sandy), urea is noticeably better than ammonium nitrate
  6. The absence of Cl and SO4 has a beneficial effect on the rate of nitrification in the soil
  7. Considerable crop increases are provided on irrigated land
  8. Possesses favorable properties for foliar feeding.

Together with a beneficial effect, there are cases of weak impact:

The main reason is how urea is converted in the soil. When the medium is alkaline, ammonium carbamate decomposes rather quickly into CO2 and ammonia. In close contact with sprouts, the harmful effects of ammonia are observed. On alkaline soils, the negative impact is most pronounced. The most vulnerable plants are also affected. But if urea is added in advance, this adverse effect should be eliminated.

It is also important to introduce urea in advance, since biuret is formed during its granulation.that can harm plants. If the biuret content exceeds 3%, then the plants will be inhibited. By applying fertilizer 10-15 days before sowing, this problem is eliminated (biuret has time to decompose).

It is undesirable to apply urea when there are high fertilizer concentrations in direct contact with the seeds, since ammonia can have a harmful effect. Of course, it all depends on the characteristics of the plant's root system. With a developed system, fibrous, with adventitious roots, the harmful effect is not so noticeable. For example, a beet has only one root (tap root), and its dying off leads to the death of the entire plant.

However, studies have shown that when potash fertilizers are applied in close contact (not uniform distribution, but directly next to urea), the negative effect is eliminated, and the effectiveness of the fertilizers increases. The localization of the full fertilizer combination (NPK) near the sown seeds gives a noticeable advantage over the usual uniform distribution of fertilizers throughout the soil mass.

With a low value of the urease enzyme in the soil, which is extremely rare, urea gives low results. Then it is necessary to apply the appropriate organic fertilizers.

  • The acidifying effect on the soil is weaker than that of ammonium sulfate and other ballast ammonia fertilizers
  • On light acidic soils - an effective form of nitrogen for plants sensitive to high acidity
  • With a high concentration of fertilizer near the sown seeds, a sharp decrease in germination. Application of potash fertilizers in close contact eliminates the negative effect
  • Local application of urea together with the complete NPK combination gives better results than uniform distribution
  • With a low value of the urease enzyme in the soil, it is necessary to apply organic fertilizers.


Features of planting in a greenhouse

When growing a daikon, a greenhouse may be required in two cases:

  • if you want to get a crop very early, when in the open ground the soil is not yet ripe for planting
  • if you live in a very cold region, where, when sowing in July in the open field, even the early daikon varieties will not have time to ripen before the onset of severe cold weather.

Greenhouse cultivation is no more difficult than usual, everything is done in the same way. The timing of planting seedlings or sowing seeds in a greenhouse is determined by the quality of the greenhouse and the region: for example, in Japan, the daikon is grown in greenhouses all year round, controlling the temperature and giving additional lighting in the winter months. In an unheated greenhouse in the middle zone of our country, the daikon can be sown at the end of March, in the north - from mid-April. For autumn cultivation, sowing in the greenhouse is carried out throughout August, but in the north, perhaps these periods may be shorter, depending on how well the greenhouse keeps warm in the fall.

If we are talking about the spring cultivation of daikon, then it is worth taking early varieties in order to have time to plant cucumbers, peppers or tomatoes in the vacant place after harvesting. Moreover, the place in the greenhouse must be protected, and early ripening varieties are usually more compact, if necessary, they can be planted even according to the 10 × 20 cm scheme.It is advisable to maintain a temperature of about 18 ° C after sowing, and after the emergence of seedlings, immediately start opening the vents in order to temporarily lower it to 7–8 o C. This measure causes rapid root growth. After a week, you should set the optimal temperature regime: 16-18 o C during the day and 10-12 o C at night.

Caring for a vegetable in a greenhouse is usual:

  • regular watering,
  • loosening,
  • weed removal.
  • frequent ventilation: this both regulates the temperature and eliminates the danger of diseases.

Since the soil is rarely changed in the greenhouse, it is quickly depleted, therefore it is advisable to feed the daikon once a week: first with a solution of complex mineral fertilizer, and with the beginning of the filling of root crops - with an infusion of ash.

Most varieties of daikon take up a lot of space in the garden, and it is simply a pity for him to occupy a greenhouse


Pros and benefits of surfing the Internet

I recently attended a couple of free webinars. They were carried out by smart guys - info-businessmen :)

So, most of the time they just talked about the advantages of freelancing, painted with such paints, they exhibited such tempting photos that they salivated, and they wanted to immediately go to work on the Internet.

Now I will list for you all the delights of such work. (and they, I must admit, are really significant):

  • no need to waste time and money on the road, pushing in public transport or standing in traffic jams, and then looking for a parking place if it is a large metropolis
  • it becomes possible to spend more time with the family, to pay attention to loved ones when it is needed, and not when the boss gives permission or releases from work
  • since you can work from anywhere in the world, the main thing is to have the Internet, then it becomes possible to combine work and travel.

  • for those who are dearer to their home, and not to the overseas coast, you can equip yourself with a more comfortable workplace than it would be possible to do in the office
  • for someone, a significant bonus may be such a moment that when working at home, you do not need to spend money on gifts for colleagues and buy clothes for going to work, because many companies have a certain dress code
  • there is an opportunity to independently make up a work schedule for yourself, and if you are an owl, you can work at night, and during the day sleep for your pleasure, your alarm clock will breathe a sigh of relief when it stops catching your slaps and hateful glances.

But what advantages have those who already work remotely found for themselves.

For me personally, the main plus is that I can earn where I live, not go anywhere, not leave my family without an owner in the house.

For example, if the batteries from a solar power plant are discharged, then instead of calling my wife from work and explaining to her what to do in this case, working from home, I will just take a break and go to turn on the generator.


Radical solutions

When calm conversations and patience run out, and the neighbors continue to make noise and do not see anything wrong with it, you can try to take a few tougher steps towards them. To begin with, to intimidate by the intervention of the authorities, as a rule, realizing their guilt, many people calm down and behave quieter. If this does not help, there are several ways to solve the problem:

  • To call the police . Law enforcement officers do not like to go to such calls, but they still respond to complaints from residents. Knowing the habits of your neighbors, love of noisy parties, you can call the police early, when the "fun" has just begun. First, it will enable them to assess the noise level. Secondly, neighbors will still be able to open the door and understand what they want from them. It is useless to call the police in the middle of the night: the door is unlikely to be opened for them.

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  • Write a collective complaint to the local police officer. If neighbors are constantly making noise and do not respond to comments, this will certainly irritate other residents of the house. Therefore, you can draw up a general appeal with a request to influence the behavior of noisy neighbors. The more signatures you collect, the more likely you are to get the desired result.
  • Draw up an appeal to the court. This method is especially effective if there have already been calls to the police, and the district police officer has already registered several calls to which noisy neighbors do not react in any way. Other evidence can be attached to the lawsuit, for example, testimony from other neighbors and the police, the overall outcome of the case depends on their number.

It is important to do something, and not put up with the rudeness of neighbors, because while everyone is silent, they think that they have the right to behave as they please.

Unconventional methods

In parallel with trying to negotiate and using legal methods of influencing noisy neighbors, there are several more actions that can be taken to help show them how wrong they are behaving. Some people think that noisy behavior in response to or as revenge for not wanting to be quieter will have the desired effect. But turning on loud music, you need to take into account that other people also live nearby, who tolerate some noisy neighbors, and now have to listen to others as well. Therefore, it is better to use other methods of influence, for example, the following:

  1. Turn on your vacuum cleaner or food processor the morning after a noisy party. Neighbors who went to bed late due to guests and dancing will try to get enough sleep. And working appliances will disrupt their sleep.
  2. In addition to making noise, you can ring the doorbell in the morning after a fun evening, ask for salt, or ask if the television is on. And to the gloomy expression on his face, remind the neighbors that thanks to them no one slept in the entrance.
  3. Hang announcements and comic pictures in the entrance about how noisy neighbors spend their time. To begin with, you can not indicate in which apartment the "egoists" live, and after a while write an ad directly. Perhaps someone will feel ashamed.

  1. During a party with neighbors, you can ring the doorbell and quickly hide from sight. To do this "trick" several times, maybe people will understand that they are behaving incorrectly.

Whatever methods are used in attempts to "calm down" noisy neighbors, one must always remember about humanity and not go beyond tolerance. Neighborhood conflicts never end well.


Watch the video: Creaky Kitchen Ep. 6


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