How to Water Garlic - Spring, Summer, and Before Harvesting


Garlic is grown to obtain a juicy, large, aromatic head with a specific taste. For its formation, not only nutrients are needed, but also moisture. Depending on the climate of a particular area, garlic is grown with or without irrigation.

Do I need to water the garlic

Garlic loves to grow in moderately moist soil. Drying out of the soil in the root zone can lead to a halt in the growth of the head and untimely ripening. Nutrients do not dissolve in dry soil, planting garlic may suffer from a lack of beneficial trace elements. However, garlic does not react well to too wet soil: it begins to rot and deteriorate.

With the wrong watering regime, garlic can rot without even ripening

Watering criteria and rules

You need to water the garlic, focusing on the weather and taking into account:

  • rains,
  • temperature,
  • wind,
  • storage of moisture in the soil.

When choosing the intensity of irrigation, you need to pay attention to the structure of the soil: on sandy moisture goes into the depths much faster than on chernozems or other types of soils rich in organic matter. To determine whether it is time to water the garlic, you can measure the soil moisture level with a special device - a moisture meter. In spring, the pre-irrigation humidity should be at least 80%, in summer - at least 70%, and before harvesting - at least 60%.

You can measure the moisture level of the soil with a moisture meter

If there is no moisture meter, you can determine the moisture content of the soil approximately. To do this, you need to pick up an earthen lump and press lightly. If the lump is dense and the hands become wet, the humidity level is about 80%, when the tightly compressed lump in the hands falls apart - 70%. At a humidity of 60%, a lump cannot be formed.

It is important to observe the water temperature for garlic: optimal - 16-180 C (watering with too warm water leads to rotting of the bottom).

In what period of growth should garlic be watered

Depending on the growing season, the plant is watered differently.

In the spring after germination

Usually gardeners grow winter garlic, which is planted in the fall. In the spring, immediately after the snow melts, young leaves begin to appear. At this time, there is an intensive growth of roots and green mass, so garlic especially needs moisture.

In spring, garlic shoots need watering to form a powerful green mass.

The start time for watering in spring depends on the amount of snow cover in the winter in the garden:

  • with a good level of snow in winter, melt water can be enough until mid or even the end of May - it all depends on the air temperature and the presence or absence of rain;
  • after a snowless winter or a very warm or windy spring, it is worth watering garlic from May.

Usually, 1 watering is enough once a week, 8-10 liters of water per 1 m2.

Do not water the garlic if the average daily temperature is below +150 With or it rains.

Spring garlic, which is planted in the ground in spring, really needs watering in the first stages of growth, so the beds with garlic must be watered before or after planting, soaking an earthen ball 15–20 cm.

At the beginning of summer

In June, heads of garlic begin to form and the plant needs a lot of moisture. It is desirable that there are no sharp drops between soil moisture, therefore, after each watering, the soil must be loosened. The depth of soaking of the soil is at least 15 cm, or even deeper.

After watering the garlic, the soil in the garden should be loosened so that the moisture is retained longer

The frequency of watering will depend on the ambient temperature and the presence of precipitation in the form of rain: in hot weather - once every 5-7 days, in rainy weather - once every two weeks. Water consumption rate - 10-12 l per m2.

At the end of summer

In July and August, winter garlic is watered less frequently, once every 1.5–2 weeks. In rainy weather, you don't need to water it at all. Water consumption rate - 5-6 liters per 1 m2.

The exception is spring garlic, which at this time is still growing and pouring heads - it is watered in the same way as in June, once a week.

How to water garlic in the heat

In some regions, the temperature in summer can rise above +350 With in the complete absence of rain for several weeks. Under these conditions, the garlic should be watered every 3-4 days. If this does not work out for objective reasons, you need to take care of how to retain moisture in the soil. The main technique for this remains mulching the beds with organic materials:

  • mown grass,
  • hay,
  • straw,
  • foliage.

The mulch layer should be at least 10 cm in order to keep moisture in the soil longer. It is also helpful to loosen the garlic beds after each watering.

In the heat, it is better to water the garlic in the evening or early in the morning, while the ground is not hot, while it is necessary that the water does not fall on the leaves. In cooler weather, it is watered during the day, so that by the evening, random drops of water that fall on the plant dry out and high humidity is not created.

A bed of garlic mulched with straw heats up less in heat and stays moist longer after watering

The hot summer of 2018 showed that garlic on strawberries, which were watered 2 times a week and were mulched with cut weeds, grew 2 times larger than on a regular garden bed, which was watered once a week.

The fact that the garlic is hot and lacks moisture is indicated by the yellowed tips of the foliage. They appear especially often in the hot weather of May, when water has not yet been given to many garden plots, and the soil has already dried up.

Watering methods

Garlic can be watered in a number of ways:

  • sprinkling,
  • a stream from a watering can,
  • irrigation along the furrows,
  • drip.

Each of these methods has advantages and disadvantages. One of the best remains drip irrigation: water is delivered to the plant directly to the root, leaves do not get wet, there is no excess moisture that can lead to decay. In addition, drip irrigation is convenient for mulch beds. Watering from a watering can is used most often in small areas, stationary or mulched beds, and in large-scale plantings it is better to use furrow irrigation or sprinkling.

When watering along the grooves, be sure to ensure that the water jet does not wash out the roots. And use sprinkling when there is no extreme heat.

When to stop watering garlic

Winter garlic for storage is stopped a month before harvest, and for seasonal consumption - a week. If the weather is very hot, then the watering of the garlic is not completely stopped, but reduced to 1 time in 1.5-2 weeks. At the same time, the rate of water consumption is 5-6 liters per 1 m2.

Video: planting, watering, feeding spring and winter garlic

In a dry and hot summer, garlic must be watered so that its heads grow large. Watering is stopped a month before harvesting, otherwise the garlic will be poorly stored. In order for watering to be beneficial, and not harmful to the culture, you need to focus on the temperature and humidity of the air and earth.

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Cucumber belongs to tropical plants, likes high humidity and stable heat. As they develop and ripen, cucumbers require different watering. There is also a difference in irrigation when grown in open and protected ground. You should adhere to certain recommendations for watering:

  • watering is not required immediately after planting seeds or planting seedlings
  • after 3-4 days the first watering is carried out
  • before flowering, watered depending on the drying out of the soil (once every 4-5 days)
  • after the appearance of the ovaries - the most abundant watering (once every 2-3 days), and with the beginning of fruiting - every other day
  • the best watering time is early morning or evening, after sunset. Watering during the day in the sun can cause burns on the leaves.
  • with the onset of rains and an increase in moisture in the soil, irrigation is stopped
  • open field irrigation rate is about 4–5 liters of water per m2 before flowering and 10–12 liters per square meter. meter during the formation of ovaries and during fruiting
  • greenhouses use more moderate irrigation - about four liters per sq. meter
  • in the period of long heat, sprinkling is used - watering plant leaves from a watering can (4–5 liters per square meter). At the same time, the water rate is reduced by 2–3 times.

When watering cucumbers, like other horticultural crops, there is a "golden" rule: do not pour.

Video: how often to water cucumbers outdoors


What water is needed

Even in open ground, pumpkin must be watered with clean water, in which there is no fermentation process or the accumulation of dangerous pathogenic microorganisms.

Watering with dirty water leads to the development of fungal diseases that destroy the entire crop. Liquid with an unpleasant odor or with a small amount of salt is not used. Such watering is more harmful.

  • rain
  • from the tap
  • spring - taken from sources
  • river or lake.

Any water that is used for irrigation is pre-settled. This process allows you to weed out foreign particles and notice the formation of films (evidence of the presence of toxic substances).

Rainwater

Watering the pumpkin is best done with rainwater. By its composition, it is soft, therefore it is safe for garden crops.

It is important in which region the land plot is located: if there are factories or other environmental pollutants nearby, then rainwater cannot be used.

Collecting liquid for irrigation using a drain pipe and a clean container.

Tap liquid

The most convenient method of watering involves the use of a plumbing. With its help, the liquid immediately flows to the pumpkin bushes.

The disadvantage of such irrigation is that the liquid is always at the wrong temperature.

For this reason, it is pre-collected in large containers and heated: if left in the sun, then after an hour it can be used. The optimal temperature regime is room temperature.

Spring irrigation

The water from the spring must not be directed immediately for irrigation.

It is necessary to warm it up, and only then irrigate all the pumpkin bushes. Together with such water, useful substances penetrate into the rhizome, which contribute to the rapid growth of the culture.

The situation is similar with natural waters. They are useful, but before using them, you need to check the composition so as not to infect the plant with dangerous microorganisms. Lakes and rivers can contain toxic substances.


Some rules for watering flowers

If you are unsure of when to water your flowers, look at the surface of the soil. Dry soil indicates that the plant should be watered. Some plants thrive well in dry soil. In this case, for irrigation, the land must be dry not only on the surface, but also somewhat deeper.

Water the flowers early in the morning or in the evening. Water the plants more often in summer and less often in winter. Remember that each flower has an individual need for watering. For example, cyperus must grow in soil that is constantly waterlogged. And succulent plants, on the other hand, are practically not watered in winter.

Never water plants with cold water, only at room temperature. Otherwise, the plants will get sick, their roots will rot, the buds will fall off, and so on. Use a narrow-nosed watering can for watering. With the help of such a nose, it is convenient to get to the very roots of the flower. During watering, the water jet should be directed downward. The liquid should fill the entire distance between the edge of the pot and the soil level. After watering, the water should seep into the sump. If it doesn't, repeat watering again. After 30 minutes, empty the water from the pan.

If you spray the plant, be careful not to be exposed to direct sunlight. The water droplets on the leaves are like little lenses. They will certainly burn the plant.

Watering is a prerequisite for plant life. Growing without watering is impossible for any plant; they all need water. Many people water their plants "as it happens", from time to time, but do not wonder how to water the flowers. But in order for the plants to always look beautiful, so that watering brings the maximum benefit to them, you need to know some watering rules for domestic plants... So,

1. What water to water indoor flowers?

Water for irrigating plants can be ordinary tap water, but settled for at least a day. In order for the chlorine to evaporate, the water must be defended in an open container. Soft water for irrigation works best. Most tap water is hard. Water from wells is even harder, it is not at all suitable for watering indoor plants.

How to soften such water for irrigation? It is enough to boil it for 3 - 5 minutes. When boiled, most of the harmful salts precipitate and the water becomes soft.

It is undesirable to water the plants with distilled water, because it does not contain the mineral salts necessary for plants. The exceptions are azaleas, gardenias, ferns, camellias, orchids and some predatory plants, for which watering with distilled water is even desirable, because they should only be watered with soft water.

It is better not to use water from pump rooms and from cylinders for watering domestic plants, because its composition is not known to you, and such water can harm the plant.

Since most tap water is alkaline, it must be neutralized. If this is not done, the soil becomes alkalized over time, as a result of which the root system of the plants suffers. In order to neutralize the alkaline reaction of the aqueous medium, it must be slightly acidified. To do this, it is enough to add food citric acid to the water for irrigation at the rate of 1 teaspoon of citric acid per 5 liters of water. Citric acid is added to warm water just before watering.

2. What temperature should be the water for irrigation?

Watering indoor plants with cold water is unacceptable, because when watering with such water, the vessels of the root system of plants narrow, and as a result, moisture and nutrition poorly enter their upper part, the root gradually dies off and the plant may die. Watering flowering plants with cold water can cause flowers and ovaries to fall off.

Cold water can and should be watered for plants that are in a dormant period. This prevents premature vegetation and plant depletion. For watering plants that have stopped growing during the winter dormancy period, water is used colder than the indoor temperature, sometimes even water with snow.

In all other cases, the optimum water temperature for irrigating houseplants is + 30–34 ° C, so the water needs to be slightly warmed up, even in summer. Watering with such water has a beneficial effect on the growth and development of plants.

3. What is the water consumption for watering plants?

The plant must be watered over the entire volume of the flowerpot in small portions so that the soil is saturated with water from top to bottom. You need to water until water appears in the pan. In this case, you can be sure that both the upper and lower parts of the root system will receive a sufficient amount of moisture. After 30 - 40 minutes, the water is removed from the pan. During this time, the root system of the plant will have time to absorb the moisture that it did not have time to absorb during watering. It is impossible to leave water for a longer time, otherwise you can provoke rotting of the root system. If the flowerpot is large and cannot be lifted, you can remove water from the pallet using a syringe, a sponge, and absorbent wipes.

4. When to water next?


How many times to water house plants is a question that requires an individual approach. The frequency of watering depends on the type of plant, the volume of the flowerpot, the composition of the soil, the activity of the root system and weather conditions.On cloudy and cool days, plants are watered less often than on clear and sunny days with dry and warm indoor air, plants need to be watered more abundantly than in humid and colder air, plants in light and loose soil require more frequent watering than those growing in dense , heavy ground.

How to calculate watering? The best guideline for deciding on watering is the drying out of the earthy coma. The signal about the need for watering is the drying out of the upper soil layer by 1.5 - 2 cm. Succulent plants are watered after the earthen coma dries to a depth of 3 - 10 cm (the larger the container, the greater the depth of the soil should dry out).

But what if there is no way to water the plants in a timely manner (for example, during the vacation)? How to leave flowers without watering? Can they handle this stress? For information on how to properly organize watering during a vacation or business trip, read here.

For normal growth and development, any plant requires water, air, nutrients and trace elements.

Water is the source of the existence of all life on earth. No plant can function properly without moisture. In addition to being an essential element of photosynthesis, water also carries all the necessary nutrients from the roots of plants to the trunk, leaves and buds.

For the successful cultivation of domestic plants, it is important to monitor not only the regular moistening of the soil, but also the quality of the water used for irrigation.

When growing seedlings and indoor flowers, preference is given to soft, slightly acidic water with a minimum content of calcium and magnesium salts.

Being present in excess in hard tap water, they enter into a chemical reaction with phosphorus, iron, manganese and other essential substances in the soil, forming compounds inaccessible to plants.

In addition, calcium dissolved in hard water can gradually clog the pores of the membrane (a thin film on the roots of plants through which water with nutrients dissolved in it penetrates into the plant). At the same time, the process of water exchange is disrupted and the plant gradually begins to fade.

Therefore, if you are the happy owner of a country (or country) house, of course, soft river, melt or rainwater will be the most preferable option for you for irrigation.

However, in urban conditions, tap water is unlikely to be more dangerous than rain or melt water polluted by industrial emissions.

What can be done to minimize the harm of hard tap water?

Tap water should always be kept in an open container for one to two days. This volatilizes chlorine and precipitates part of calcium carbonates and water disinfectants.

You can soften tap water by running it through a peat filter, diluting it with distilled water, oxalic acid (hundredths of a gram per liter of water are enough), or acetic acid (two to three drops per liter of water).

The hardness of the water can be reduced by boiling it. However, it is not recommended to use boiled water for watering domestic plants. Of course, when boiling water, calcium and magnesium salts precipitate and some pollutants evaporate. But unlike raw, settled water, boiled water is poor in oxygen, which is so necessary for plants. Therefore, if you nevertheless decide to use boiled water for irrigation, it must also be defended for one or two days (while it is partially enriched with oxygen) and do not forget about the regular loosening of the soil, due to which root respiration of plants occurs.

It should also be remembered that when watering from above, the excess of minerals is absorbed by the top layer of the soil, without reaching the roots. Therefore, a couple of times a year it is useful to change the top layer of soil in pots.

Good quality melt water can be obtained by freezing tap water in the refrigerator. Melt water, also called "living", has a special structure and has a beneficial effect on the biochemical processes of plants. However, this property persists for only a few hours after thawing. The snow should be melted slowly at room temperature (never over a fire) and used immediately for watering.

Finally, a few words about the temperature of the water for irrigation.

The most favorable for plants is water at room temperature. At the same time, there are some nuances.

In winter, the plants are dormant. And to avoid their premature growth for irrigation, you must use water slightly below room temperature.

In summer, on the other hand, it is advisable to use water a few degrees above room temperature. Moreover, the hotter it is in the room, the warmer the water for irrigation should be. The use of cold water is fraught with root rot, leaves and buds falling off. This is especially true for tropical plants and cacti.

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How to water melons?

Water the melons only with warm water, the temperature of which is + 22-25 degrees. First, watering is carried out exactly at the root, in the hole, and in the subsequent period of plant development - in the furrows, which are made along the rows in the aisles. If you water them with cold water, they will stop growing and get sick with root rot. Usually watering is carried out in the morning so that the soil warms up well in the evening.

In hot weather, the culture needs to be watered 2 times a day - in the morning and in the evening. At the very beginning of flowering, when the majority of male flowers are formed on the melon, watering should be sharply reduced, this will accelerate the formation of female flowers. At the time when fruits begin to form on the culture, 3 liters of water are required for each plant.

How often should melons be watered? Melons need abundant daily watering at the very beginning of the growth of the lashes and the setting of fruits. Since the roots of melons are powerful and go into the ground to a depth of about 10 m, they cannot be watered too abundantly. The roots will rot from excess liquid, and new ones will begin to grow on the surface, from which the melons will not be sweet and small. Fruits need a sunny spot to grow.


Water the eggplant and pepper

Thirsty eggplants and peppers stop growing and do not bloom. To avoid such a misfortune, every 7-10 days they need to be watered, spending 15-30 liters of water per 1 sq. M (depending on weather conditions).

Plants are watered at the root or in the furrows laid along the row. In the heat, you can use morning or evening irrigation, and if the temperature drops below +15 degrees, watering should be completely excluded - otherwise there is a risk of damage to plants by gray rot.

Read also:

  • Bell pepper: moisture and soil requirements

The equipment you need for irrigation - hoses, sprinklers, drip irrigation systems and much more - you can choose in our catalog, which brings together the products of large garden online stores. Choose equipment for organizing irrigation in the country.


About the garden

How often to water tomatoes outdoors?

How to water tomatoes outdoors after planting?

Watering the tomato. © bonnieplants

Weakly leafy and stunted plants need to be made

When forming a three-stemmed form, 2 - 3 fruit brushes are left on the main stem. On the two lower stepchildren, 2 fruit brushes are left and pinched so that there are 2 - 3 leaves above the upper fruit brushes.

Preferred soils are loamy with the addition of organic and mineral fertilizers.

Sowing seeds is carried out from March 1 to 25 in cups or pots 10 × 10 cm in size. They are filled with a soil mixture and watered with a warm (35 - 40 ° C) solution: 1 tablespoon of universal liquid fertilizer is diluted in 10 liters of water. Then, in each cup, in the center, two holes are made 1 cm deep, 1 seed is placed in each and covered with a soil mixture. Such sowing without picking is carried out only for low-growing varieties for open ground in order to protect seedlings from viral diseases.

We get a good harvest of tomatoes by watering in the summer once a week. This is quite enough. I advise you not to leave the soil under the tomatoes open, it is better to mulch it to retain moisture.

In the video, experienced vegetable growers talk about how to properly plant tomatoes in open ground, what fertilizers to fertilize them with and how to tie up tomatoes.

Sprinkle the compost with soil again and compact the soil around the bush a little. After that, water each bush using a liter or two of water for each. After the bush is planted, you need to install a peg next to it, the height of which will depend on the variety of tomato, for example, for low-growing tomatoes, the pegs can be 50 cm high, but for medium-sized tomatoes, the height of the peg should be about 80 cm.

Tomatoes are planted according to schemes that usually depend on the variety, height and irrigation system used in your garden. There are several planting schemes, but the main thing should still be the fact that there should be a small distance between the bushes for sufficient air and sunlight to enter. In the meantime, there is no need to know about it. ”

All vegetables growing outdoors should be watered in the evening.

  • Tomatoes are whimsical plants that have firmly established themselves in summer cottages. And all because gardeners have mastered the rules of their watering. It should not be too abundant, but drought should not be allowed. In both cases, the tomatoes will hurt and die.
  • July and August are ripening and harvesting times. In caring for tomatoes, the main thing is to accelerate the ripening of the set fruits and protect them from decay. It is necessary to continue to remove the newly appearing stepchildren, excess leaves, pinch the tops of all fruiting bushes, remove the flower brushes on which the fruits no longer have time to form. In low-growing varieties, the brushes with fruits should be turned towards the sun. It is also not bad during this period (from August 15), in addition to all the main dressings, additionally feed the tomatoes with the following solution: 1 teaspoon of urea, superphosphate and potassium sulfate or 2 tablespoons of nitrophosphate is diluted in 10 liters of water, spending 0.5 liters of solution per plant.
  • Foliar feeding

How often to water tomatoes outdoors?

In pinched and pinched plants, nutrients go to the formation and pouring of fruits, from which their size increases and ripening occurs earlier. On a formed bush, in addition to five to six fruit clusters, there should be at least 30 to 35 leaves.

Prepare the soil in advance at the tomato planting site. © Andrew

How to water tomatoes in a greenhouse?

The sown pots are placed in a box, placed in a warm (22 - 25 ° C) bright place and closely monitor the seedlings, which should appear in 6 - 7 days. As soon as the seedlings appear, the pots are moved one by one to a bright sunny windowsill with a temperature of 14-16 ° C during the day and 12-14 ° C at night. When lowering the temperature (opening the vents and window frames), it is necessary to ensure that the seedlings do not stand in a draft. This cool daytime setting will prevent the seedlings from pulling out and help better root development. Then the temperature is gradually raised during the day to 18-22 ° C, and at night to 15-17 ° C. 5-6 days after germination, the weaker plant is removed from the pot, and the strong one is left.

How to properly plant tomatoes in open ground

In principle, the difference is small, the interval between watering can be shorter by a day or two on especially hot days, since the temperature in such a greenhouse is, of course, higher than in glass and film.

Disembarkation dates

To the question of how to water tomato seedlings in order to grow better, we answered you in this article. Now let's look at watering with plain water.It is more effective to tie tomatoes not to pegs, but to an arc and a wire about 1 meter high.

This tomato planting scheme is suitable for tall varieties of vegetables, where row spacing is of particular importance, which helps to keep the open soil loose and clear of weeds.

Landing patterns

It is advisable to use warm water, which was collected in advance and had time to settle in a barrel and warm up. We advise you to organize watering in the garden from the barrel.

While moving to the garden, enough water must be poured into the holes so that the roots of the plant develop well and get stronger. Then watering the tomatoes is not recommended for 10-14 days. This moisture is enough for it to take root.

Square-nested

The period from setting to reddening of fruits in early maturing varieties lasts 40-50 days. If overripe fruits are left on the plants, then the total yield decreases, and vice versa, if you regularly collect unripe (brown) fruits, then the total yield increases much. Red fruits can be stored at a temperature of 5 - 10 ° C for 40 - 50 days, while the air humidity should be at least 80%.,

Ribbon-nesting

First root dressing

Ridges for tomatoes are prepared 5 - 6 days before planting. Before digging up the soil, it must be treated with a hot (70 - 80 ° C) solution of copper sulfate or copper oxychloride. In 10 liters of water, dilute 1 tablespoon of one or the other. Solution consumption up to 1 - 1.5 liters per 1 m².

Seedlings of tomato. © Brian Barth

Preparing for landing

How to water it is up to you, the only condition: the water must be warm. Do not allow watering directly from a well or central water supply, only through a tank.
Most often they ask how often to water tomato seedlings and how to water tomatoes after planting in the ground.After you have managed to plant all the tomato bushes, it will be correct not to water them until the seedlings take root. Adaptation takes place from 8 to 10 days and only after that the watering period can be opened. It is necessary to water the bushes at the root, avoiding the ingress of liquid on the leaves, this can lead to tomato disease. It is also undesirable to water the tomatoes with the help of rain, because although the plant receives the necessary moisture, at the same time the temperature decreases and the air humidity rises, which tomatoes do not like very much. plants in a row. In order not to plant too few plants in a row and, accordingly, not to reduce their number per hectare, planting is carried out as if in a "nest", ie. two or three plants are planted next to each other. Such a planting allows to reduce the amount of processing time for rows with tomatoes by 10-20 working days and reduce labor costs by almost half. But the most important advantage of such a planting scheme is an increase in the amount of yield due to timely inter-row processing of bushes. That is why this method is one of the most popular among gardeners, because it allows you to mechanize the processing of vegetables and makes it possible to carry it out in two directions.

We plant tomatoes

There is a recommendation to add a few pinches of ash per bucket to the water for irrigation. So, tomatoes are less likely to get sick and grow faster.

Then the time comes when the tomatoes in the open field need to be watered abundantly. Moreover, this must be done so that water does not get on the leaves. All watering should be done exactly to the root of the plant.

Tomato fruits ripening on a branch. © gardenfrisk

Care after landing

That is, sprinkle the leaves with the following solution: dilute 1 tablespoon of urea in 10 liters of water.

Done 3 weeks after planting: 1 tablespoon of universal liquid fertilizer and 1 tablespoon of nitrophoska are diluted in 10 liters of water, consumption is 0.5 liters of solution for each plant. At the beginning of the blooming of the second flower brush,
After that, organic and mineral fertilizers are poured onto clay and loamy soils - 3-4 kg of manure, peat and old sawdust, 1 tablespoon of superphosphate, potassium sulfate or 1 glass of wood ash per 1 m². Then the bed is dug to a depth of 25-30 cm, leveled, watered with warm water (40-50 ° C). They make holes, water them before planting seedlings with an antibacterial drug.

The easiest way to install drip irrigation. We use the Aquadusya system. With this watering, water flows directly to the roots of each bush, and you don't have to rush around with a hose or watering cans. The excess area is not watered, water flows into the depths, as a result, the air in the greenhouse remains dry, and this is very important to avoid late blight. To the content ↑ First, about watering at the seedling stage. Tomatoes are a southern crop and not at all demanding for watering. That is, watering, of course, is needed, but it must be timely and infrequent. When the seedlings are very small, about 10 cm, it is enough to water them only once a week. And do not think to water more often, this can only be done if the soil in the cups is completely dry and at the same time the leaves of the tomatoes have begun to wilt a little.

It is worth watering vegetables in the second half of the day - in this way it is the roots that will absorb all the liquid and it will not evaporate.

Scheme of the tape-nesting method of planting tomatoes

In order for the tomatoes to grow juicy and tasty, they do not need to be watered often, even in hot weather, it is enough to water once every 4 to 7 days, but very abundantly. One tomato bush requires 20 - 25 liters of water, especially during flowering and fruiting.

Video "Secrets of growing tomatoes in the open field"

How to water tomatoes properly?

It is most advisable to remove all the formed fruits from the brown bushes, i.e. beginning to turn white, and lay them for ripening. This simple technique speeds up the filling of the remaining green fruits on the bush. Before laying for ripening, the fruits must be warmed up in order to protect them from blackening. then they do this: first, the tomatoes are dipped in hot water (60 - 65 ° C) for 2 minutes, then in cold water, then wiped with a soft cloth, then laid. To speed up the ripening process, it is carried out indoors at a temperature of 18 - 20 ° C. The fruits are placed in small boxes in 2 - 3 layers, removing the pedicels. A little red tomatoes are added to the boxes. They accelerate the ripening process of green fruits by releasing ethylene gas.

The best temperature for normal growth and fruiting of tomatoes is 20 - 25 ° C at night.

Second root dressing

Seedlings are planted in a permanent place in the first and second decades of May. Landing is done in cloudy weather in the morning, in sunny weather in the afternoon. At the time of planting, the seedlings should be fresh, even a slight wilting of the plants retards their growth, leads to partial abscission of the very first flowers and the loss of an early harvest.

For seedlings - an extremely crucial moment. Before planting in the garden, the seedlings grow for 55 - 60 days. Watered with water in moderation, at the beginning of growth, once a week, 0.5 cups per plant. When 3 - 5 true leaves are formed, water a glass per plant.

In the case of planting in open ground with watering, everything is much easier. When planting seedlings in the ground, it is good enough to shed the holes and then the already planted bush under the root, spending on average a large watering can of water per bush. Further, if there is no abnormal heat and it rains at least once a week, then you can not water the tomatoes at all. If in the evening, after the heat has subsided or early in the morning, the leaves on the tomatoes are not sluggish and not twisted, then you are doing everything right, and your tomatoes have enough moisture.

How often to water tomatoes in the greenhouse

If the leaves wither in wet soil, then this is already a disease and most likely due to excessive watering, most often it is a black leg. In this case, it is already difficult to save seedlings.

What can not be said about watering tomatoes in the morning. Also, do not water them too often, especially before the fruit sets, you just need to open the soil to moderate moisture, but try not to flood it. But after the fruit begins to grow, tomatoes need more water. During this time, watering should be increased in order to maintain the moisture level in the soil at the same level. In the meantime, there is no need to know about it. ”

The tape-nesting scheme allows you to plant more bushes in one area than the square-nesting scheme. The advantage of this planting pattern is that close-planted tomatoes can better withstand weather conditions. In this method, the soil is cut into irrigation furrows every 140 centimeters, and the bushes themselves are planted on both sides of these furrows. It is also worth noting that, ideally, a tomato during growth develops in the limit of 0.3 square meters. Therefore, for good growth, each bush needs to be given its own space.

Tomatoes are also fed once every 10 days. Potassium humate "Prompter". In no case feed tomatoes with manure or green infusion, this leads to late blight. For the prevention of late blight before fruit setting, treat the bush with chlorine copper oxide. It is diluted with 30 grams per 10 liters of water.

It is advisable to choose the evening time in order to water the tomatoes. This is due to the fact that the daytime heat has already subsided and the water from the ground will not evaporate much. Therefore, more of it will go to tomatoes. You can greatly simplify your task if you organize automatic watering.

How to water tomatoes in a polycarbonate greenhouse

In the light, ripening tomatoes acquire a more intense color than in the dark. Place boxes on top of cabinets, walls.

Plants are watered abundantly, in sunny weather after 6 days, in cloudy weather after 7-8 days at the rate of 10-20 liters per 1 m², depending on the air temperature. After watering, the bed is sprinkled with sifted peat or compost with a layer of 1 - 2 cm. This does not form a crust on top, moisture remains in the soil and evaporation does not occur, which is harmful to the plant, especially in the flowering phase. Excess moisture with a lack of heat leads to the death of the root system.

: In 10 liters of water, dilute 1 tablespoon of universal liquid fertilizer, 1 tablespoon of superphosphate, 1 teaspoon of potassium sulfate or potassium chloride or 10 liters of water take 1 tablespoon of organo-mineral fertilizer, consumption - 1 liter of solution per plant. In the meantime, there is no need to know about it. ”

How to water tomatoes outdoors

Tomatoes are planted in the first and second decades of May. © Carla

Watering a tomato through plastic bottles

The seedlings are fed every 10 to 12 days. The first time - 20 days after germination with a solution of nitrophoska (1 tablespoon is diluted in 10 liters of water), spending 0.5 cups for 2 plants. The second time is fed 10 days after the first feeding. In 10 liters of water, 2 tablespoons of organic-mineral fertilizer are diluted, spending 1 glass of solution per plant. The third feeding (last) is carried out a week before planting seedlings in open ground. In 10 liters of water, 2 tablespoons of superphosphate are diluted (for three days before feeding, superphosphate is infused in warm water), everything is well stirred and the seedlings are watered.

1.5 or 2 liter plastic bottles are taken, the bottom is cut off, the cork is unscrewed and the bottle is buried with the neck down a little more than half next to the tomato bush. Watering is carried out in these bottles. The water goes directly to the roots of the plant, and the greenhouse does not have much moisture, as when watering the entire surface of the soil. The air in the greenhouse must be dry, as excessive moisture helps to develop phytophthora.

I want to note that if the illumination above your plantings is low, that is, there is no backlighting, and the weather is not sunny, excess watering is especially destructive - moisture will stagnate, and the roots and stem at the base will begin to rot. When growing tomato seedlings, over-watering is much worse than under-watering.

It can also happen that individual bushes begin to wither. The reason for this may be an insufficient amount of sunlight, which is not detrimental to the vegetable. Therefore, you should not pull out or cut the bush, if it has begun to fade a little, you do not need to water it too much either. If possible, then you can try to open a little space so that more light comes to this bush. In a few weeks, the bush will come to life again, and the tomatoes will take on a healthy look, and you will not be deprived of a crop.

This planting of vegetables also allows for mechanized cultivation of bushes and removal of weeds.

Sowing and caring for seedlings

All vegetables planted in the greenhouse must be watered only in the morning so that the greenhouse is ventilated during the day. Evening watering in the greenhouse leads to diseases, late blight, brown spot. The frequency of watering is 1 time in 7 days, watering must be abundant, about 25 liters of water per bush.

Until the fruit sets, you just need to keep the soil moist so that the tomatoes have enough water. A sure sign of tomato dehydration is drooping leaves. This is a signal that it is time to water.

Tomato in the open field. © Gina

Third root dressing

Seedlings are planted vertically, only a soil pot is deepened into the soil. The stem remains uncovered with soil, and only after 15 days the plants are spud up to a stem height of up to 12 cm.
It is necessary to constantly harden the seedlings at a low temperature. Starting from April, seedlings can be taken out on a balcony, veranda or left near open window frames at an air temperature of at least 10 ° C. The first hardening for three days is carried out in the shade, since it is necessary to gradually accustom the plant to full outdoor lighting. If the seedlings are taken out on the first day in sunny weather, burns may appear from direct sunlight. In the future, the seedlings are not shaded.

If you have additions to this article, then please add them in the comments and upload photos of your tomatoes through the "Select file" button. Thank you! Good harvests to you!

Further, when the seedlings have become larger and stockier, they need to be watered a little more, but also not very often. If there is already a bright spring sun outside the window, and the house is warm enough, you can water it once every 3-4 days. Gradually, you will learn to see when your tomatoes need watering - an earthen lump of dry and slightly wilted leaves.

After you have watered the bush, you should loosen the soil around it and remove the weeds. The depth of loosening should be about 8-12 cm in order to open up a good oxygen saturation for the roots and warm the soil. In the future, the depth of loosening is reduced to 4-5 cm. It is worth being very careful with this stage of processing tomatoes, because soil compaction can lead to damage to the root system.

About a week before the time you are going to plant tomatoes, it will be correct to process the soil and prepare it for receiving seedlings.

Few people know that tomato is one of the most demanding and capricious vegetables. He loves the sun and warmth, and does not tolerate excess moisture and strong winds. That is why, when a gardener wants to get good tomatoes, planting and care in the open field must comply with all the rules for their maintenance.

Planting seedlings in a permanent place

During the formation of fruits, the soil should not be allowed to dry out. Otherwise, the ovaries will crumble, and the remaining ones on the branches will not give the expected size of the tomato harvest.

Ncyclopedia of the gardener and gardener

Watering outdoors is best done in the afternoon to avoid unnecessary evaporation loss.

Done during the blooming of the third flower brush: in 10 liters of water, dilute 1 tablespoon of universal liquid fertilizer and nitrophoska, consumption - 5 liters per 1 m2.

Seedlings are planted in 2 rows. For medium-sized varieties (60 - 70 cm), the row spacing should be 50 cm, and the distance in the rows between plants should be 40 - 45 cm. For low-growing (standard) varieties, the row spacing should be 40-50 cm wide, and the distance in a row between plants should be 40 cm .Immediately put pegs with a height of 50 cm for low-growing plants and 80 cm for medium-sized plants, but the greatest effect is achieved when the plant is tied to arcs and to a stretched wire using synthetic twine to a height of 1 - 1.2 m. As a result, the plant is better illuminated, ventilated and less sick. Until the plants take root, they are not watered for 10 days after planting. After planting, if light frosts are expected, tomato plants need additional shelter, especially at night. After planting the seedlings, the bed is covered with a transparent film until warm weather (until June 5-10), then the film is not removed, but holes with a diameter of 10-12 cm are made on it throughout the film and left for the whole summer. As a result, an early harvest is obtained, and the plants are freed from late blight infection.

Transshipment of tomato seedlings. © Steve Albert

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We will only talk about our experience in growing tomatoes and the conclusions made with various methods of irrigation. So, how to water tomatoes after planting.

It is also worthwhile to devote time to hilling tomatoes, at least two to three times a season. This will saturate the soil with oxygen, ensure the development of the root system and good nutrition of the plant, and during hilling, grooves are formed in the soil that retain water longer, which ensures regular soil moisture.

Usually, the soil is treated with copper sulfate, other fertilizers are applied and the soil is fertilized, if any other vegetables grew on this soil earlier. In the meantime, there is no need to worry about it. ”

Since we know that tomato is a thermophilic plant, the time when you can plant tomatoes in open ground is determined by atmospheric phenomena and weather. That is, as soon as the soil has warmed up a little, and there are no frosts at night, the seedlings can be planted. Usually May is the month when tomato planting becomes possible. The second half of the month or the beginning of the next is best for disembarkation.

Formation of tomato plants

At this time, you need to water the tomatoes between the rows. And when the fruits appear, then the entire surface of the open ground is supposed to be moistened. This is due to the fact that the roots of tomatoes grow widely and receive moisture not only in the space where they were planted. In order for the water to penetrate into the garden bed and moisten the roots at a depth, you can dig in a container where there are many holes below, for example, seedling pots, and pour water into it. Water through the holes below will get into the soil faster and deeper, and not only creep over the surface.

- O. A. Ganichkina, A. V. Ganichkin

The shedding of flowers can often be seen. This is a sign of a lack of moisture or a drop in temperature. Plants should be sprayed with boron solution (1 teaspoon per 10 liters of water), spending 1 liter per 1 m².

If necessary, the seedlings can be tied up. © Andrew

When hardening seedlings, make sure that the soil in the pots is moist, not dry, otherwise wilting and yellowing of the leaves are possible.

Repost so as not to loseWhen planting tomatoes in a greenhouse, very careful watering is required for both prepared holes and planted tomatoes at the root. We pour a large watering can of water into one hole and after planting, we use another half of the watering can for each bush. Then we mulch the plantings with hay or straw, in general, with what is at hand in this case. And we leave the tomatoes alone, let them take root.

After planting, tomatoes should be fed from time to time. In total, for the entire period of plant growth, four stages of feeding must occur.

Also, the soil should be dug up before planting the vegetable in order to open the soil to oxygen and sunlight. Then holes are made according to the scheme that was chosen, and they are watered with warm water.To choose the right depth of the hole, you should pay attention to the height of the bush, and, if necessary, deepen only the soil bag.

But still, before planting seedlings, it is worth knowing its variety and planting features. In addition, the climate of the area where tomatoes are planted has a great influence on the timing of planting. So, for example, in some localities it is possible to plant tomatoes already in February, because there is a milder and warmer climate, but in places such as Siberia and the Urals, you can plant vegetables not earlier than mid-March, or even at the beginning of April, if you want. get a harvest of tasty and healthy tomatoes.

Moreover, you need to water the tomatoes regularly so that the soil is always sufficiently saturated with water. If the soil is allowed to dry out, the fruits will crack.

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The timing of watering can also be determined by the appearance of the plants - the change in the color of the leaves to dark green and their drooping on hot days. In such cases, the plants are watered in 2 - 3 doses after a short period of time to gradually moisten the soil.

Carried out 12 days after the third: dilute 1 tablespoon of superphosphate in 10 liters of water (consumption - 10 liters per 1 m²) or use a universal liquid fertilizer (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water), consumption - 5 liters of solution per 1 m². In the meantime, there is no need to know about it. ”

The plants are shaped so that they can give 5 to 6 fruit clusters. When the plants form into one stem, all lateral shoots (stepchildren) formed in the axil of each leaf are removed on the main stem, and 5-6 fruit brushes are left on the main shoot. A pinch is made over the last (upper) flower brush, leaving 2 - 3 leaves on it.By the time of planting on beds in open ground, the plants should be strong, not elongated, leafy (with 7-10 leaves).
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Now, after 10 days, water again and that's it, until the tomatoes are tied up, you don't need to water anymore. Hay and straw (grass cuttings, newspapers, etc. mulch) help the moisture to stay in the soil longer and it is enough for good growth of tomatoes. After setting the fruits, in the presence of mulch, it is enough to water the tomatoes once every 7-10 days.

The first occurs three weeks after transplanting, the second after the second flower cluster begins to bloom, and the third when the third flower cluster blooms. The last dressing is usually done three weeks after the third dressing.

Also, before planting a tomato, you should take care of the readiness of the tomato garter peg in the future. The tomato itself must be watered abundantly before planting, so removing it from the pot will become easier and not a single element of the root system will be damaged.

It is worth noting that it is better to plant seedlings in the afternoon for the reason that by the evening the soil warms up well, and the tomato will have a whole night ahead to absorb the heat and get stronger.

It is recommended to loosen the open ground before each watering.

In order for fertilizers applied with irrigation to penetrate deeper, the soil in the aisles is pierced with a pitchfork to the full depth of the horns. If the soil on the site is wet, as well as a lot of atmospheric precipitation, watering is not carried out (fertilizers are applied dry).

Tomato fruit formation

With a two-stemmed form, a stepson is left growing under the first flower brush. At the same time, 4 fruit brushes are left on the main stem and pinch the top, leaving 3 leaves, and 3 fruit brushes are left on the stepson and also pinch, leaving 2 - 3 leaves.

In the open field, a sunny place, protected from cold winds, is allocated for planting tomatoes. Unsuitable for tomatoes are low, damp areas, with a close standing of groundwater, which creates unfavorable conditions for the root system of plants. The best predecessors for tomatoes are legumes, root vegetables, greens.

The seeds of outdoor tomato varieties are sown directly into nutrient pots, i.e. without picking. This is explained by the fact that usually for sowing seeds of open ground varieties and folk selection are used, which are not sufficiently resistant to viral diseases, especially to the tobacco mosaic virus. When transplanting into pots, seedlings often break off small roots and infection can penetrate into the wounds of healthy plants. In addition, undersized varieties do not outgrow and remain compact until the end of planting in a permanent place, i.e. low (15-18 cm).

But what about the advice of Galina Kizima, you ask, because she advises not to water all summer, but simply to cover up the planting with newspapers and wait for the harvest. - With this method of cultivation, tomatoes will grow, but there will not be those large and juicy fruits of 500-700 g, or even a kilogram or more. The strength of the plant is enough for quite edible and beautiful medium-sized tomatoes. And that's all.

When planning to plant tomatoes, remember that planting tomatoes outdoors is not easy. This process is stressful both for the plant itself and for the gardener, therefore it is worth having patience and applying as much energy as possible, following all the rules for caring for this capricious vegetable, and then a rich harvest will not be long in coming.

When the soil is ready for planting a tomato, the seedlings are very carefully removed from the container in which they have been growing all this time, it is very important not to disturb the earthen lump formed around the root system of the bush, then the bush is vertically lowered into the hole, which must be opened before and lightly sprinkle with earth. You can sprinkle some compost around the planted bush so that the plant gets the nutrients immediately and takes root better.

Scheme of tape-two-line planting of tomatoes

Tips on how to water tomatoes

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    It is especially useful to use fertilizers such as "Breadwinner", "Fertility", "Bogatyr", "Signor Tomato" (1 teaspoon per plant).

Sometimes the composition of top dressing depends not only on the phase of plant development, but also on the weather: in cloudy weather, the dose of potassium sulfate is increased to 1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water, and in the sun - the dose of urea is 2 tablespoons for the same amount of water, spending at this is 5 liters of solution per 1 m2.Carry out pinching in a timely manner. © Andrew
To avoid late blight infection, you cannot plant tomatoes after potatoes and tomatoes.


Watering seedlings

How often should seedlings be watered? For the first time, the soil is moistened with warm water 3 days after the emergence of tomato shoots. You can use a small glass or just a spoon, irrigation is also permissible, but provided that water droplets do not fall on the leaves of the plants. Further, it is recommended to moisten the soil as it dries, and also two days before diving.

Watering dived tomatoes is done four days after transplanting. The frequency of moistening after a dive is once a week, if the soil dries up well enough. Shortly before transplanting into open ground, you can use the method of moistening the roots from the pallet: the roots will reach for moisture, which will contribute to their growth and development. Before transplanting, the soil in each pot must be thoroughly moistened: this will help protect the root system from possible damage.


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