There are more than 4 thousand varieties of potatoes in the world, about 400 are grown in Russia. To determine this variety, one should pay attention to the set of varietal properties characteristic of each species. For early harvest, gardeners prefer to grow Riviera potatoes.
The Dutch variety has been cultivated not so long ago, but is already popular among farmers due to the early ripeness of the vegetable. The author is the Agrico holding, which unites thousands of farmers specializing in potato cultivation. Dozens of species have been bred, including the Riviera. Since 2013, the variety has been entered into the State Register and zoned for the Central, Central Chernozem and North Caucasian regions. The species is early ripe, young tubers are edible within 45 days after germination, ripening occurs in 60 days. This allows summer residents to quickly see the results of their work, and farmers send early vegetables for sale and make a profit.
Riviera potatoes are early maturing varieties
Agrarians note the yield of the Riviera, good keeping quality of root crops, which is unusual for most early varieties, and excellent taste.
Low to medium bush, semi-erect or spreading, with large light green leaves, slightly wavy at the edges. The flowers are red-purple, but the variety often does not have time to bloom, you can only see the buds. Seedlings are friendly, which greatly simplifies care: you can weed and huddle the entire plot at once.
The root crop is oval, with small eyes. The rind is dense, smooth, light beige. Tuber weight - 101-117 g. Creamy pulp, tasty, tasting score - 4.8 points. Marketability 80–96%. Contains a small amount of starch - 11.5-15.9%. Table variety. Very tasty pancakes, pancakes, stews, soups are obtained from potatoes, but it is especially good when boiled and crumbly. It is used in baby and diet food.
The oval-shaped root vegetable has a dense light beige skin
The variety is fruitful, 8–12 even tubers are formed on the bush. During the first digging on the 45th day after germination, 134-225 centners / ha of young potatoes are harvested, on the second, on the 55th day - 273-312 centners / ha. The maximum yield is 465 c / ha. In the south of the country, early ripening of tubers allows two crops to be grown. In the first half of July, the first harvest is carried out, the subsequent planting is carried out on the vacated area, the second harvest is harvested in the first decade of September.
The variety is resistant to damage during harvest: up to 80–96% of tubers retain their presentation. Thanks to the dense skin, the potatoes are well stored, keeping quality is 94%. The culture is unpretentious, regardless of weather conditions, it gives excellent yields.
The variety is resistant to damage
Due to the short growing season, the variety is practically not susceptible to disease. Resistant to the causative agent of potato cancer, golden cyst nematode, banded mosaic. Susceptible to late blight, scab.
Potatoes, like any other crop, require care, so gardeners should follow a number of rules.
To get the harvest earlier, which is especially important for the southern regions, where it is possible to grow a double harvest, the potatoes are pre-germinated. 15 days before planting, it is placed in a thin layer in boxes and placed in the light at +150C for pecking eyes. In this case, the culling of damaged and diseased tubers is carried out. Potatoes are periodically turned over for uniform illumination. If the weather is cold and damp in spring, the sprouted tubers are temporarily laid out in boxes with wet sawdust soaked in liquid fertilizer.
Gardeners often sprout potatoes in clear bags. A dozen holes are made in them, tubers are laid, tied and hung in the light. The bag should not be exposed to the sun. Thanks to the greenhouse effect, the sprouts appear very quickly.
You can germinate potatoes by drying them. For this, root crops are laid out in the basement or attic 15 days before disembarkation.
Important. Planting sprouted Riviera tubers on the plot makes it possible to get a crop a week earlier, and its volume can almost double.
Potatoes prefer to grow in open places, well lit by the sun, without close groundwater - they should be located 70 cm below ground level. When grown in shaded, damp places, the risk of fungal diseases of the plants increases.
The site needs to be prepared in the fall: remove tops and weeds, dig up the soil to a depth of 15 cm, add organic fertilizers (10 kg of manure per 1 m 2). Planting areas can be sown with white mustard, which will have time to rise before frost and, in a green state, go under the snow. They dig up the soil in the spring.
Plant potatoes in fertilized soil
Potatoes should be planted in the Middle Lane no earlier than mid-April: by this time the earth should warm up well (up to +120FROM). The tubers are saturated with nutrients in the soil and quickly adapt to the new environment. Planting times may vary depending on the growing region and weather. With the threat of recurrent frosts, the seedlings are covered with a film.
The future harvest depends not only on the variety and proper care, but also on the quality of the planting material. For seed potatoes, medium-sized tubers weighing 40–70 g, regular shape, without signs of disease, with a large number of eyes are selected. Experienced gardeners prefer to use large root crops weighing 100 g or more for planting. About 40 tubers are needed per 100 m2. With a shortage of planting material, the tubers are divided into parts so that each has at least 3 eyes.
Medium-sized tubers are selected for seed
Important. The emergence of sprouts can be accelerated by spraying with an ash solution (400 g / 4 l, insist a day) in the second week of germination.
Before planting, the tubers are disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour, then powdered with ash - such preventive measures are necessary to prevent diseases. When planting potatoes, you should try not to damage the sprouts - this can lead to a slower pace of development of the plant.
Riviera grows well in any soil, but it is advisable not to plant potatoes on heavy clay soil... Tubers develop best in moderately moist sandy loam soil or well-fertilized sandy soil. The soil should be warm, loose, the depth of the planting holes is 6 cm, which is much less than that of other early maturing varieties. When planting, it is worth considering the size of future tubers, therefore, leave an interval of 35 cm between plants, 60 cm between rows. With more frequent planting, tubers are formed of medium size.
You can get two crops of Riviera potatoes in one season
When planting, 700 g of humus and 75 g of ash or 15 g of nitrophoska are introduced into the hole. You can add onion husks to repel wireworms. It is not recommended to apply fresh manure in the spring: an unpleasant fruit taste or wateriness may appear. In addition, young manure containing pathogenic microbes is often a source of infection.
Traditional planting methods are ridge and trench. Ridge planting is carried out where the soil suffers from waterlogging. Tubers are planted in ridges 15 cm high. In an arid climate, on sandy soils, they are planted in trenches.
Furrows are directed from north to south. In this direction, the rows are evenly lit and get enough heat. Roots will develop and potato tubers will form only when the soil warms up to +70C. With an increase in temperature to +220Since they begin to grow more intensively. However, in the heat more than +250With or with small frosts, the growth of tubers is delayed.
In an arid climate, on sandy soil, they are planted in trenches
On a note. Riviera potatoes may not bloom, which is explained by the early timing of the crop formation: the plant simply does not have time to bloom. However, this does not affect the yield in any way. In extreme heat (above + 25 ° C), the bush can shed its buds.
Hilling, weeding, timely fertilizing and watering are the main factors contributing to higher yields.
Experienced vegetable growers are advised to observe crop rotation: do not plant root crops for 2-3 years in a row in the same area, and also after nightshades. It is preferable to allocate areas for potatoes after growing oats, peas, onions, zucchini, cucumbers. It is also recommended to plant potatoes after green manures, which contain many natural components that saturate the soil with organic matter, loosen and improve its structure. You should not place potato plantings next to apple trees, which often get sick with scab.
The root system of the Riviera is very powerful and provides the plant with moisture in any soil, which allows you to get an excellent harvest even in dry summers. However, during the formation of tops and the formation of tubers, the potato needs moisture. If, during the emergence of seedlings, the plant experiences a moisture deficit, the number of ovaries decreases.
Enough 2 waterings. Moisten the soil to a depth of 25 cm, the rate is 4 liters per bush. In small areas, water is applied under the plant. In severe drought, without watering, a minimum number of tubers is formed on the bush.
On a note. Watering over large areas is best done using drip irrigation or a sprinkler. With drip irrigation, moisture flows directly to the plant roots. Spraying liquid during automatic irrigation simulates natural rain and creates an optimally humid environment. This method is most suitable for growing Riviera potatoes, since not only the soil and bushes are irrigated, but also harmful insects are washed off them.
Watering Riviera potatoes is best done by sprinkling
Bushes that have grown up to 15–20 cm must be spud, while the soil becomes loose, weeds are removed. In addition, young shoots covered with a layer of soil do not suffer when the temperature drops. After 2 weeks, they huddle again, subsequently, when the ridge is washed out, this agricultural technique is repeated. If you do not huddle potatoes, you can lose 30% of the harvest: the plants will be poorly enriched with oxygen, they will receive less light. Hilling is carried out in the morning or in the evening, when the activity of the sun decreases. I cultivate the soil with a hoe, a potato hopper, in large areas - a walk-behind tractor. It is advisable to spud potatoes after watering or rain. In moist soil, the stolons, on which tubers form, begin to grow faster. You should also regularly loosen and weed the soil in the aisles.
After the appearance of the first sprouts, the potato site should be spud
Important! When tying buds, spud should be done carefully: during this period, tubers begin to form, they can be damaged.
The Riviera variety is unpretentious, but on fertilized soil, the yield of the bush will be higher. Trace elements are necessary for root crops: they increase their resistance to diseases, are responsible for starchiness and shelf life of tubers. Potatoes not fed with fertilizers will spoil faster. Before the first hilling, 10 ammonium nitrate and 300 g of humus are introduced under the plant. Very good feeding with mullein (1:10). During the budding period, the plant needs potassium - 100 g of ash is enough. After flowering, for intensive growth of tubers, superphosphate (30 g 10 l) or Mag-Bor (15 10 l) are introduced into the soil.
The culture especially needs magnesium, which has a great influence on tuberization. The lack of this element leads to a decrease in disease resistance. On neutral and slightly acidic soils, magnesium sulfate is added, on acidic soils - dolomite flour (50 g / m2). The last feeding of potatoes is carried out no later than 20 days before the collection of root crops.
Potato beds and aisles can be mulched with sawdust, hay. Mulch with a layer of 5–10 cm retains heat and moisture well, and is an obstacle to the spread of weeds. A dark non-woven material is also used as a mulching material, which is used to cover the soil under the bushes.
Mulch on potato beds keeps moisture and warmth
Recently, many summer residents have been practicing growing potatoes in one mulch. On the site after mowing the grass, the tubers are laid out with sprouts up, covered with a layer of hay, the mown grass with a layer of 10 cm.When the mulch settles and potato shoots germinate through it, the grass is added so that only 15-centimeter seedlings remain on the surface. Be sure to water and feed. After 2-3 weeks after flowering, young potatoes are taken out by simply lifting the mulch layer. However, it is not always possible to collect a decent harvest with this growing method: it all depends on the composition of the soil, the weather and the experience of gardeners.
The variety is resistant to major diseases, but susceptible to late blight. Preventive measures can help avoid infections and pests. Before planting, it is useful to treat the soil and seed potatoes with Prestige - this will protect against the Colorado potato beetle. The tubers laid out in one layer are sprayed with the drug. After letting them dry, the roots are turned over and processed on the other side. Dried potatoes are ready for planting. To increase immunity, the bushes are sprayed with Fitosporin.
|Diseases||Symptoms||Prophylaxis||How to help|
|Scab||Brown ulcers form on tubers, taste worsens.||Treat tubers before planting and seed material before storage with fungicides Maxim, KS (0.4 ml / kg).|
|Late blight||The edges of the leaves, and then the shoots, become covered with dark spots, tubers in brown dents.||Spray Hom 40g 10 l) repeatedly, the last time - 3 weeks before harvesting root crops.|
|Alternaria||The leaves are covered with dry brown spots, dark dents form on the tubers.||Before planting, spray tubers with biological products Integral, Agat-25, Baktofit.||Spray with 0.5% Hom, Metaxil.|
|Colorado beetle||It completely eats leaves and destroys potatoes.|
|Medvedka||Damages the aboveground part of plants.||Lay granules of Thunder, Medvetox, Grizzly, Phenoxin Plus 10 cm from the potato bushes to a depth of 4 cm every 20 cm (30 g per 10 m2).|
|Wireworm||Gnaws passages in root crops, as a result, rotting develops quickly. Potato tubers are damaged more often by the growth of wheatgrass and a lack of moisture.||Sprayed by the Commander, Aktara (1 ml 10 l).|
When the stems of the bush begin to fall and wither, the harvest is ready. Two weeks before harvesting root crops, all tops should be removed from the site. As a result, the nutrients from the tops will be transferred to the roots, which will improve their keeping quality. The tubers are usually harvested in July; the second crop in the south of the country is harvested in September. Seed potatoes are taken immediately at harvest. After harvesting, the tubers are laid out to dry on the border or under a canopy. Then the potatoes should be sorted, removing rotten or with signs of disease, so as not to infect healthy tubers with rot. It is useful to spray potatoes, as well as the walls of the storage facility with the biological product Antignil. Potatoes are stored in a cellar at a temperature of + 2–4 C, at higher temperatures the tubers will germinate. In winter, be sure to sort it out 2-3 times, remove spoiled and frostbitten ones.
With the observance of agricultural technology, you can get rich potato yields.
After 5-6 years, when the same potato is grown, the yield decreases, the roots become smaller, and the immunity against diseases decreases. You can buy an elite seed material, but it is quite expensive and does not always correspond to the specified variety. Therefore, gardeners prefer to get a high-quality vegetable from seeds. They are harvested from the most productive bushes in their field or purchased in garden centers.
Potatoes can be grown by seedlings or by sowing seeds in the ground. When planting seeds on the site, small tubers grow, they are used as planting material for the next year. This method is more suitable for greenhouses; in the open field, a weak germination of seeds and a strong meteorological dependence are noted.
With the seedling method, the seeds are germinated in late March - early April - they are placed in a damp cloth for several days.
Potato seeds are placed in a roll napkin until sprouts appear.
On a note. Germination can be increased by treatment with Epin. For hardening, the container with seeds is placed in the refrigerator at night, and during the day they are transferred to the room.
After the sprouts appear, the seeds are sown in containers with an interval of 5 cm in a row and 10 cm in a row spacing. The soil should be nutritious, consisting of 1 part land and 4 parts peat with fertilizers. Seeds are lightly sprinkled with earth and moistened with a spray bottle. The containers are covered with a transparent foil and placed in the heat under the light. They make sure that the soil does not dry out, but you cannot fill it in either. The greenhouse should be ventilated, condensate removed. After 10 days, seedlings appear. When two true leaves appear, the seedlings dive into separate cups with holes for water drainage. Regularly rotate the containers with seedlings so that they are evenly illuminated and not stretched out, loosen the aisles, providing the plants with air access.
Seedlings are placed on a windowsill and regularly rotated for even illumination.
On a note. For better rooting, seedlings should be fed with urea (1 g 1 l), then watered with clean water. In the future, seedlings should be fertilized once a month.
Grown plants are hardened, taken out onto a glassed-in balcony or veranda, first for 30 minutes, gradually increasing the time. Before planting, the seedlings are left in the open air for several days. After the threat of recurrent frosts, plants are planted in the beds in the second half of May. 300 g of humus, ash are introduced into the holes, plants are lowered into them and covered with soil, leaving three upper leaves on the surface. At first, the seedlings are covered with agrofibre from direct sunlight and temperature extremes. When stable warm weather is established, the shelter is removed. At first, young plants are often watered, once every 2 days. In the future, care is taken as for potatoes planted with tubers. Small root crops grown from seed in the first year will produce elite potatoes for the next 5 seasons. Then the planting material is renewed.
Very soon, the planted seedlings will grow into overgrown potato bushes.
Riviera is a favorite variety of many summer residents and farmers, it is distinguished by its fast ripening and excellent taste, as well as undemanding to the quality of the soil, drought resistance. If you properly prepare seed material and take preventive measures against pests, you can get an excellent potato crop.
These ultra-early potato varieties differ from others in the shortest growing season. They are resistant to diseases and can grow marketable tubers in 1.5 months. They are planted at the junction of April-May, after waiting for the soil to warm up to +10 degrees at a depth of 10 cm. For storage, you will need to wait until the casing of the tubers is fully formed and becomes thicker.
Potato tubers contain many useful substances, are marketable and are very tasty when cooked. The following potatoes from the ultra-early group received the greatest interest from farmers.
Our soil is black soil. This year turned out to be very indicative for potatoes, in the sense that there is not much to show. The potatoes of the middle grade of ripening Slavyanka helped a lot. All potatoes were planted in the second half of April. The soil was already almost dry, plus the humus introduced did their job. Only Slavyanka was pleased with the harvest. The rest of the potato national team grew up, probably on the moon. There is nothing to even talk about.
For me, Slavyanka will always be my favorite potato variety. And from the early ripening I always choose Axamit. The advantages of Slavyanka are its taste, almost always every fruit is tasty and of high quality, it may not harvest, but potatoes will always be tasty.
Here she will always give birth well - there are many tubers in the bush and almost all are large. But I personally do not like its taste, it is especially not suitable for mashed potatoes. We plant, because in a lean year it will help out. If other varieties with a good harvest, then Slavyanka mainly goes to feed the pigs.
To make mashed potatoes, and just for boiling, we take potatoes of a certain type, namely Slavyanka, it cooks well, very quickly, and it boils well, becomes soft, but does not disintegrate at the same time.
I like Slavyanka potatoes. This variety is unpretentious to the quality of the soil, but requires a large amount of fertilizer. These potatoes are suitable for both frying and boiling.
I recommend, a good variety Slavyanka, we have it for a long time, but the yield on 15 acres is up to 3 tons. But I repeat once again that you cannot achieve high yields without manure.
Potato variety Slavyanka. The row spacing is 80 cm, in a row 50 cm. As you can see, this variety is very tall, therefore, the planting approach is like this. The tops were up to one and a half meters high. When it rose, it naturally collapsed and completely covered the entire area. A weed, or just any plant, simply had nowhere to grow. Since we have a lot of sun, we have to water it 2-3 times a week and mainly in the evening, so that the moisture does not instantly evaporate. I got rid of the bear only with the help of pickled grain. On an area of 20 acres, it took 4 buckets of boiled wheat mixed with fragrant sunflower oil and beer.
Slavyanka is a well-proven potato variety that is used everywhere in personal plots and agricultural enterprises. Subject to agricultural technology, root crops are preserved for a long time without loss of taste and presentation. It is also suitable as seed material.
In addition to the varieties included in the state register, gardeners successfully grow unregistered hybrids and varieties. A brief description of potato varieties for an experiment in trial plantings will help you choose the most exclusive options.
A new achievement of breeding is the mid-late variety Granada (Germany), which has a high yield (up to 600 kg / are), good keeping quality, resistance to major diseases and excellent taste with minimal care requirements. Recommended for cultivation in central Russia and Ukraine.
An old but little-known variety is Kiwi, which got its name from its dirty orange, rough peel, reminiscent of kiwi fruit. The pulp is white and cooks quickly. A feature of the variety is its excellent taste and resistance to the Colorado potato beetle. In each bush, about 20 medium-sized rounded tubers are formed.
The mid-season Sineglazka variety is loved by summer residents of the Moscow region for its excellent taste and high potential, turning a blind eye to the insufficient keeping quality of tubers. However, it is ideal for summer consumption and private cultivation.
The early Riviera variety, entered in the register only in 2013, is also interesting, so there is still little information on the results of its cultivation. The patent holders declare this variety as high-yielding, with high storage capacity and relative resistance to major diseases. Its advantage is its high taste and rapid formation of tubers, which allows you to make the first digging as early as 45 days.
Even experienced potato growers will not be able to unequivocally answer the question of which potato variety is better. It all depends on the growing area, the type of soil, the characteristics of care and the level of agricultural technology. Early varieties are grown mainly for summer use, and it is preferable to lay varieties with late ripening for winter storage.