Kale cabbage - what is this trendy variety and is there any point in planting it?

The name kale has rapidly burst into our lives. Recently, various media have published quite a few interesting facts about this culture. Most often this is due to the incredible benefits of an exotic plant. However, looking at it more closely, you can recognize a forgotten and familiar vegetable.

What is kale

Despite the fact that kale cabbage has become very popular in recent years, the tradition of its cultivation on our lands has a long history. This culture has been known for a long time, for a long time it was grown in Europe. By the 17th century, lettuce cabbage began to be squeezed out of the gardens by its cabbage relatives. This was due to their higher yields, as well as their resistance to diseases. Contemporary American nutritionists, movie stars, and gastronomic gurus have breathed new life into the kale craze.

On the territory of Russia, kale cabbage has become popular due to its winter hardiness. From Russia, along trade routes, this vegetable came to Europe, and from Europe it was exported to America under the name Russian cabbage.

Description of culture

Kale, or kale, is a two-year-old vegetable of the cabbage family. It is a plant with a dense stem and lettuce leaves. There are many varieties of this culture. Unlike other species, feces do not form a head of cabbage. The plant exudes a faint white cabbage aroma. Gives seeds in the second year.

Kale is today marketed as a superfood. It combines a cocktail of useful substances for the body. However, excess of certain minerals can trigger chronic illness. Therefore, succumbing to the general euphoria from using a fashionable product, take into account the characteristics of your body.

Kale is one of the favorite foods of nutritionists

Benefits of kale

Kale is a storehouse of vitamins. The product is very low in calories and easily digestible. It includes:

  • vitamin C - 120 mg (for comparison, in the cabbage one - 36 mg);
  • calcium - 150 mg (in milk - 130);
  • proteins - 4 g;
  • carbohydrates - 9 g;
  • 9 amino acids.

In addition, feces contain a large amount of sulforane, which inhibits the growth of bacteria; natural inhibitor of cancer cells - Indole-3-carbinol; glucoraphanin, which reduces the negative effects of carcinogens. Nutritionists identify the main positive changes in the body of a person consuming feces:

  • Strengthening the immune system.
  • Improvement of the general condition due to the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of the product on the body.
  • Reducing cholesterol levels.
  • Detoxification of the body by removing toxins and toxins.
  • Improving vision by strengthening fiber, preventing cataracts.
  • Strengthening teeth, improving skin condition.
  • Slowing down the aging process.

However, the high content of oxalic acid in feces is dangerous for people suffering from urolithiasis and kidney disease. And you should also be careful with individual intolerance to plant components.

Video: what's good about kale

Kale preparation methods

Kale is a versatile product. It is eaten fresh, stewed, dried, frozen, boiled, smoothies and chips are made. Like many nutrient-rich vegetables, kale is best consumed with minimal cooking. The best way is raw salad, and the worst way is to boil this product. When cooking, up to 70% of nutrients are destroyed.

Now let's try these amazingly beautiful salad leaves. Bitterly? Alas, in its pure form, some varieties of kale cannot be eaten, because the content of flavonoids in them is such that the jaw just cracks with bitterness. But in combination with simple additives, the whole taste of this amazing storehouse of vitamins is revealed.

When choosing leaves, pay attention to their firmness and firmness. Rinse them with plenty of water to remove any sand and debris from the curly and ribbed parts. The stems of the feces are very dense and sinewy, so it is best to remove the green mass by running your fingers along the stem. The stems themselves are subsequently used for smoothies.

The best companions for kale are avocados and lemon juice, which reduce the bitterness of the product. When combined with raw vegetables such as radishes, radishes, tomatoes, kale will reveal its rich flavor.

Vegetable salads are considered the best way to eat kale.

Kale chips are very popular. They are quick and easy to prepare, but just as instantly eaten. For the preparation of chips, it is best to choose curly plant varieties. These chips look very decorative and appetizing.

Use corrugated kale for making chips

To do this, separate the greens from the stem, tear the leaf coarsely, soften it a little with your hands. Pour a mixture of two tablespoons of vinegar, one spoonful of olive oil, salt, lemon juice. You can experiment with flavors and add new and unusual seasonings each time. Then they are dried for 10 minutes in the oven at 170 degrees.

Video: the most delicious kale salad

Description of varieties and varieties of kale

All varieties of kale represent numerous groups that differ from each other not only in appearance, but also in their chemical composition. This is largely due to the territorial origin of specific species.

All kale varieties can be divided into several groups:

  • curly (curly) green;
  • curly (curly) red-violet;
  • black (Italian, Tuscan, dinosaur, etc.);
  • Scottish kale (hungry gap);
  • red Russian.

Kale varieties are externally different from each other.

Green curly cabbage

Kale of this species has curly openwork green leaves. Some varieties winter well and bring harvest the next year. Representatives of this group are good for fresh consumption or making light green soups.

One of the most popular hybrids is the Reflex F1 variety. Very often it is recommended for cultivation for medicinal purposes. Gardeners who watch their diet include Reflex F1 in their dietary complexes. A portion of only 100 g of the product is considered the norm for replenishing the body with useful substances. This hybrid is also characterized by excellent taste.

After overwintering, kale of the Reflex F1 variety will continue to bear fruit in the next season.

Fruit weight - 300-1400 g, bushes are medium-sized, about 80 cm high. This plant requires a lot of space for growth, so its planting pattern is at least 60-70 cm between bushes. A variety of medium late ripening.

On a note. Always leave the lower leaves when harvesting kale to avoid plant death.

Red curly cabbage

This group of kale has grooved leaves that look like lace assemblies in deep red, burgundy, or purple. It is she who is most rich in anthocyanins, magnesium, calcium, vitamins C, A, E, K. Ripens on average in 75 days.

Red curly-haired feces of the Redbor F1 variety are often grown for decorative purposes.

Redbor F1 is one of the most famous hybrid varieties. Dense curly leaves are planted on a high stem 80 cm high. Plant weight - 200-700 g. Hybrid of late ripening, has a great taste. The variety is used both in cooking and as an ornamental plant.

Medium late feces of the Scarlet variety mature in 120 days. Leaves of amazing color and shape attract with their unusual bright purple hue. The height of the bushes is 80–100 cm. Scarlet is used in cooked dishes - in soups, stews, cabbage rolls.

Calais Scarlet - the champion in usefulness

Italian black kale

The varieties of this group are of Mediterranean southern origin. They are characterized by narrow long leaves covered with tubercles. The dense greenery is covered with a bluish bloom.

Italian kale has dense, even leaves

The most popular of this group is the Black Tuscany variety.... It owes its origin to the southern latitudes. However, its confident frost resistance up to -15 degrees has made the variety a frequent guest in our gardens and orchards. Low-sitting bush, leaves grow up to 60 cm in length. Variety of medium early ripening (60 days). The dense, gray leaves are very rich in omega-3 acids.

There may also be a variety of kale called Dino, or Lacinato. Prized for its high lutein content. Prolonged use in food increases the resistance of the retina to UV exposure. It is considered a storehouse of vitamin C.

Scottish kale

The British call kale Scottish or Siberian cabbage. Outwardly, Scottish Kale is characterized by not such openwork and curly green leaves as other varieties.

Hungry Gap is a winter-hardy and tall (90 cm) variety, very productive, has established itself as an early, reliable and unpretentious supplier of greenery in such a period of the year when the beds cannot yet please with an abundant harvest of greenery. Suitable for fresh and frozen consumption.

Hungry Gap is prized for its productivity

Calais Siberian is common in countries with cold climates. Shows records of winter hardiness. In Siberia and the Urals, it ripens in 80 days. Its cultivation through seedlings is recommended. Differs in small growth and compactness.

Siberian feces are classified as low winter-hardy plants.

Red Russian cabbage

The openwork green leaves of Red Russian feces are covered with scarlet veins, which turn purple-blue in the frost. One of the most frost-resistant varieties. The average growing season is 60 days. Withstands frosts down to -18 degrees. Unpretentious. It is used as a vegetable crop, as well as in the decoration of gardens.

Kale Red Russian - one of the most unpretentious varieties

Growing feces seedlings

To grow feces with seedlings, there are a few key points to keep in mind:

  • Seeds are sown in boxes 6-7 weeks before planting in a permanent place.
  • Kale, like other types of cabbage, prefers neutral soil.
  • Kale is a cold-resistant crop.
  • Seedlings love moisture.

Landing dates

Like other crops, kale comes in early, middle and late ripening periods. In order to enjoy this cabbage for as long as possible on your personal plot, as well as to have a continuous harvest, it is worth sowing it in several passes. It should take about 6-7 weeks before planting in open ground. Starting from the end of March, you can start sowing seeds for seedlings for open ground.

Soil preparation, containers

Soil for feces requires a neutral acid-base reaction in the range of 5.5-6.8 pH. If the original soil is acidic, it is deoxidized with ash. To do this, add a glass of ash to a bucket of earth. Alkaline soil is acidified with sulfur, peat, acid. The easiest way is to add 1.5 kg of peat per square meter of soil. Or, for these purposes, 70 g of sulfur are used in the same area.

Seedling containers are chosen low, but rather wide. The transplant is carried out at the age of 5-7 weeks, when the seedlings reach ten centimeters in height, with 4 developed leaves.

Seed planting process

The seed sowing technology is as follows:

  1. Seeds are sown shallowly, by about 1.5 cm. You can sow in a belt way, in rows, retreating 10-12 cm from the next row. They also sow in separate holes, planting several seeds in one hole.
  2. After sowing, the soil should be well moistened. The most successful will be the use of a sprayer. In this case, the surface is evenly moistened, and the soil does not change its position, as when watering from a watering can. This method will prevent the layers of soil and seeds from shifting.
  3. After watering, the container is covered with glass or foil.

One kale seed is usually placed in each separate container.

Video: sowing kale in seedling cassettes

Seedling care, picking

Seedling care consists in creating comfortable temperature and watering conditions. It should be remembered that the excessive temperature in the room will lead to the stretching of the seedlings with insufficiently developed roots. The optimum temperature is +22 degrees. Always keep the soil moist.

4–5 days after germination, it is necessary to thin out the shoots, leaving the most developed and strong ones. If necessary, after 3-4 weeks, you can dive the plants.

Unfortunately, all cabbage representatives are hard to tolerate a pick, so it is important not to thicken the planting at the initial stage.

Planting seedlings in the ground

As soon as the threat of frost passes, the feces are planted in open ground. Strong plants with a height of about 10 cm with 4 developed leaves are used. The soil for the feces should already be well fertilized. The best precursors are beans, beans, tomatoes, cucumbers. The process of planting seedlings is as follows:

  1. For planting seedlings, deep pits are made about the height of the plant itself (about 10 cm). The distance between plants is 40-50 cm.
  2. Ash or humus is poured onto the bottom of the hole.
  3. Plants are stirred strictly vertically, without deepening.
  4. After planting, the soil is moistened.

Mulching the beds reduces the time spent on weeding

Growing feces outdoors

Like other types of cabbage cousins, feces can be grown directly in the open field. Choose sunny locations for cultivation. Slight light partial shade is allowed.

Landing time and scheme

At the end of April, as soon as the temperature reaches + 4–5 degrees and the constant frosts stop, you can start sowing feces. It is advisable to prepare the site in the fall by adding mineral fertilizers (100 g per square meter) and humus (3-5 kg ​​per square meter) to it.

Choose the optimal planting scheme based on the size of an adult plant. If there is a lack of land, use the checkerboard method. As a rule, the distance between plants is 40-50 cm. Planting is carried out as follows:

  1. A little humus is placed on the bottom of a hole 1.5 cm deep.
  2. Then they sow the seeds, lightly sprinkle them with earth.
  3. Crops are covered with spunbond or other material.
  4. After emergence, the shoots are thinned out, leaving the strongest.
  5. After that, the covering material is removed, since its function was to maintain sufficient humidity and a constant microclimate until the awakening of the seeds and their shoots.

Feces are sown all summer, but no later than 10 weeks before the first frost. Otherwise, she simply will not have time to develop and gain weight.

Seedling care

Feces care is the same as for cabbage. It is important to irrigate on time and keep the soil moist. Feed the seedlings with compound fertilizers every two weeks.

Cabbage loves moist and breathable soil, so it is important to regularly remove weeds and loosen the ridges. Mulching can help reduce weeds.

Pests and diseases

All cruciferous plants share the same diseases. Therefore, the first tip concerns the placement of the kale bed - do not plant the cabbage after the cruciferous plants. Modern hybrids are generally disease resistant. However, as a preventive measure, it is worth regularly taking measures to increase soil air permeability and loosening.

Dusting with tobacco dust or ash is effective against pests such as cruciferous flea beetles. However, rain washes away the protective function of these drugs and treatments must be repeated. Also used are infusions of onion peels, solutions of laundry soap, and vinegar.

Since kale is a kale and is more commonly used raw, try not to overuse chemicals. If it is impossible to fight pests with organic means, use:

  • Kinmix,
  • Kemyfos,
  • Shar Pei,
  • Fury,
  • Bitoxibacillin,
  • Aliot,
  • Bankoli and others.

Ornamental garden-vegetable garden

Calais is very diverse in shape, color and height. Having picked up several different-textured plants, you can create a unique and exotic flower bed.

Decorate your garden with feces

Plant in the foreground low-growing, compact varieties such as Blue Dwarf or Siberian. Place a curvy, medium-sized Reflex F1 or Scarlet in the background. And for the final chord, make a row of tall and compact dinosaurs in width. Let their mysterious appearance delight your eyes and surprise your neighbors.

A bed of feces will not leave anyone indifferent

Even the feces planted in a row will attract attention. You can play with textures and invite relatives to the cabbage flower bed, for example, ornamental cabbage.

Kale goes well with its cabbage relatives

Such a flower bed will decorate the site until the very frosts, and with their onset it will sparkle with even brighter colors.

Harvesting and storage

You can eat leaves that have reached 20 cm. As they mature, about 2 months after sowing, the feces are ready for cutting. Not the entire plant is harvested, but individual leaves, leaving the stem intact.

Kale is stored in the refrigerator for 7 days. It is advisable that the leaves are in a glass of water. For long-term storage, the feces are frozen. In this form, it can be 2 months. After thawing, many varieties are distinguished by a more delicate taste and delicate texture of greens.


They say that the new is the well-forgotten old. The same is true for feces. Traditional and familiar, it has been supplanted for many years by its numerous brethren. But now her return is coming in triumph. Do not miss in the variety of cabbage crops kale - an old-timer in our land and a true treasure trove of benefits.

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Kale cabbage: beauty and benefits in the garden

Growing vegetables in their garden, summer residents strive to get a vitamin, environmentally friendly harvest. White cabbage is especially popular; cauliflower is a little less common in the beds.


But, taking care of their health, gardeners completely forget about kale. But this vegetable crop, despite its “overseas” name, can develop well in our area and, moreover, is a hundred times ahead of its cabbage “relatives” in terms of the content of nutrients.

Kale: beneficial properties

In Western countries, kale is in demand as a dietary vegetable. And during the Second World War, there was even a government program in Great Britain to encourage residents to grow this crop. Undoubtedly, this wild, "unkempt" lady saved many lives, since it contains all nine amino acids contained in meat, for which she was called "new beef".

So, for example, omega-3 - unsaturated fatty acids that are not produced in the human body, but it really needs it - is in the feces. It also contains many different super-useful substances and vitamins.

Growing it is similar to other cabbages.

There are not very many varieties, but there are plenty to choose from. Choose the one that suits your conditions.

  • Red Calais - the name is speaking, the leaves are twisted, red.
  • Siberian feces - a hardy variety, withstands low temperatures, is not afraid of pests.
  • Curly feces - leaves are curly, wrinkled, sweet and soft.
  • Premier Calais - frost-resistant, growing rapidly.
  • Dino Cale - tall, thin leaves.
  • Reed feces - powerful petioles, can grow up to two meters.

Kale red variety

Usually, Kale ripens 70-90 days after germination, therefore it is not necessary to grow seedlings at home, you can sow directly into the ground under a film. Sowing is carried out in April, the temperature for seed germination is enough + 5 + 6 ° C.

And at the end of May, the grown plants can be planted in a permanent place.

The place is preferably sunny, on a hill. So that water and cold air do not stagnate. Grunkol likes loose soils, with humus and ash, non-acidic.

Plants are planted at a distance of 40 cm from each other. With good care, leaf bushes can grow over a meter in height.

The main care consists in watering and loosening the earth. Like any cabbage, it is advisable to huddle it several times over the summer.

Leaves can be cut off all summer, new ones grow in place of the old ones. The leaves are stored in the refrigerator for about a week, but it is better to freeze them for storage, the taste of cabbage only improves.

If you leave a few bushes for the winter, then in the spring the cabbage will grow back and will delight you with an early harvest.

This beauty is also a kale cabbage!

Here is such an unusual Kale cabbage, healthy and tasty. It is simply necessary to grow it in every garden!

I suggest reading other interesting articles:

Didn't try Kale cabbage, and didn't even know about it. Now I will definitely try, probably it is for sale.

I tried to find it in the Semyon stores, but we don't have it in Samara, we have to look in online stores.

Here is an online store - seeds from Holland, they have kale. fin-cemena.ru/product/kapusta-kale-kruzhevnica/

Thank you ! ordered - received - planted - eat with pleasure (though I have been looking for this site for a long time to say thank you :)))

Glad I helped find this interesting cabbage!
Eat for health

Thank you for the recommendation of our store!))) By the way, I want to note that our store is charitable! Up to 100% of the order value goes to charity, namely to the implementation of social projects of ANO "Moi Mir" website www.moymir24.rf

Here in this store I ordered, it is already growing)) Very unusual and beautiful goodroot.ru/vegetables/cabbage

I have never heard of such a healthy and beautiful cabbage. thanks for the interesting information.

I’m ready to argue with you a little, Sophia, that proteins from plant foods are absorbed better than from animal foods (in my opinion, just the opposite). And in order for all the vitamins from Kale cabbage to be fully assimilated, it must be eaten fresh and certainly with animal fats, for example, with sour cream.

Olga, in order to digest protein from meat, the body spends a lot of energy, but receives little. Not all animal proteins are digested. For a very long time, they then lie in the intestines and rot. Therefore, after eating meat, you want to lie down, and better sleep. It takes energy from our body.
And the Kale salad can be made with olive oil and sour cream, whatever you like.

I absolutely agree with you. Proteins can, and even preferable, be obtained from plant foods - these are nuts and greens and legumes, beets, and so on, than loading your body with cadaveric products.
I have nothing against meat - the taste and color as they say, all markers are different. Let everyone think for themselves and make a choice.

Hello, Elena! I am glad that you are thoughtful about your health and nutrition))))

We eat salads at the end of summer, but how to prepare it for the winter? Freeze or dry?

So curly, curly, how to wash? If grown in a greenhouse and hydroponically, then there is no problem. And in the garden? Oh, you will have to rinse like linen on the river, and then soak it in vinegar.

That's for sure - you will have to wash it from the heart. But it's worth it.

I probably won't dare to grow one with a haircut.

What does it taste like? Like regular cabbage or something else?

It is sweeter than regular cabbage.

Well, and an unusual cabbage. It seems that I always buy seeds for my mother in the spring, but I have not seen such a beauty, this spring I will look more in detail)))
I also wanted to inquire about the taste - is it closer to ordinary or Peking taste in taste? For some reason, it seems that it should resemble the Beijing one.

It is usually sold together with a decorative one like a flower! Peking is tender, and kale is more like kohlrabi in taste. Sweet, juicy.

That's really amazing cabbage! Curiosity straight! It is a pity that we do not have such cabbage on sale. Not everyone can grow it according to their abilities. But everyone would want to try it, given such usefulness. Let's try to nurture. Thank you!

The seeds can be found in online stores. I went through my garden shops, there are also no seeds.

It is strange that our people have not yet understood the charm of kale cabbage: it is easy to grow, the health benefits are invaluable, and salads and snacks with it acquire a unique taste. We need to convey such important information to people!

Yes, Nadezhda. very few people know about such cabbage. It is still a curiosity or grows as decorative.

Due to the lack of seeds of Kale cabbage. Most often it is sold under the name "ornamental cabbage" or "fodder cabbage". The color of the leaves can be like that of the covering leaves of white cabbage, it can be purple or silver. The most famous variety, perhaps, is "Lark's tongue" ( apparently because of
"Curly" trills).
About washing. I don’t think it’s more difficult than washing cauliflower. Leaves close to the ground are only in seedlings or young plants (they can be sprinkled with sifted ash from leaf-eating pests, cruciferous fleas or slugs), the lower leaves are not used for food. carefully handle the garden tool and do not shake the ground on the plants, do not shake the rugs near them, then there will be no dirt. Sometimes there may be slugs in the leaves, but there are many more of them in the heads of cauliflower. So, those are a few (you won't need) of the leaves that you are going to eat can be easily inspected from the underside.
Agricultural technology is no different from the agricultural technology of all cruciferous. The soil is neutral or slightly alkaline, on acidic soil it is damaged by keel. For deoxidation, use ash-branches, leaves, tops, wood, but in no case ash from household waste, plywood, chipboard, newspapers, magazines. Such ash contains many harmful substances. I would recommend on slightly alkaline, neutral and slightly acidic soils to make a glass of ash under each plant and well season the soil with humus or compost. Top dressing is done with mullein infusion or infusion of weeds ("green" fertilizer) with the addition of matchstick a box of complex fertilizer on a bucket of infusion. The location is sunny. The distance between the plants, depending on the variety, is 50-80 cm, so it is better to plant the plants not in a garden bed, but in lines along sunny paths, among flowers (only not of the same family) or separate clumps of 3-5 plants. Thus, you will not need to allocate a separate area. They harvest not at one time, but by repeatedly breaking off the lower leaf In autumn, plants take on the appearance (especially tall varieties) of small palms. A tall bare trunk and a bunch of leaves on the top of the head. Depending on the weather, the harvest can be harvested all autumn (in the conditions of the Moscow region, sometimes in December). Try to plant, suddenly you like it. After all. very simple, "like a puppy barking."

Pardon. A small clarification. The herbal infusion is first diluted with water, in a bucket of water a liter and a half of infusion and boxes of complex fertilizers. How to prepare and use the infusion of mullein or "green" fertilizer can be found in any reference book, both in electronic and in paper.

Sergei, that's right. Any infusion, even mullein, even herbal, is added to the water when watering. I usually add a liter to a 10 liter bucket. With an infusion of chicken droppings, 0.5 liters per bucket. And I don't add complex fertilizers, only bio and organic. Let there be no gorgeous harvests, I am for healthy vegetables for my family.

An interesting variety of cabbage, thanks for the helpful article. as they say "live and learn" ...

Please, Sergey! Yes, this cabbage was also a discovery for me!

And how will it grow in the South of Crimea? In summer it is very hot here.

Most likely it will bloom quickly from the heat. It was like that with broccoli this year. Summer was unusually hot and broccoli, not having time to grow to form a head of flowers, began to bloom. If there is a place in the shade, cool - try, or in early spring, while it is cool, plant.

I will repeat Sophia's link to an online store for Dutch kale seeds (by the way, I bought a lot of Dutch seeds there) here fin-cemena.ru/product/kapusta-kale-kruzhevnica/
Good luck to all !

I have not even heard of such a cabbage, I must try to plant it next year.

Kale. Selling. The most useful product in the world is kale. It's hard to get it in Russia. I bring this cabbage from Europe. I myself am in Moscow. The cost of 1 package (100 grams) is 200 rubles. For all questions in a personal. Or by phone +79164960646

What nonsense? It is sold in Metro hypermarkets. Well, it's very hard to get it.

Maybe already on sale. Our town is small - they don't want to bring it, there is no demand.

I live in America, and I assure you, this cabbage is not called "Russian". It's just Kale and that's it.
Secondly, you did not write that cabbage contains a large amount of oxalic acid, which makes it dangerous for people with kidney disease and urolithiasis. They simply cannot use it!

All such, be careful - you are not a doctor, you get information from nowhere, but nevertheless give people advice as a panacea for all ills. Very irresponsible!

Hello Lana! You're right - I'm not a doctor. I do not give advice on treatment and any specific recipes. This information was interesting to me and I am sharing it with readers. Thanks for the additions and information on contraindications.

Growing cabbage from seeds


The quality of the cabbage crop is strongly influenced by the seeds used. In this regard, when starting the selection of seeds, you should decide whether you need an early harvest for preparing various dishes and salads, or you can use later varieties, with large, very dense heads of cabbage, which are ideal for salting and long-term storage. It is extremely important to decide what you are growing cabbage for, as this affects the choice of cabbage variety, and also at the time of sowing. White cabbage is especially popular among gardeners, which is used to prepare delicious borscht and not only. In this type of cabbage, varieties are divided into early-ripening ones - their heads can be eaten only in summer, medium-ripening - they are used for cooking in the summer, and are also salted for the winter, as well as late-ripening ones - they are perfect for long-term storage.

For seedlings, early-ripening varieties are sown from the beginning to the twentieth of March, sowing of mid-ripening varieties is performed from April 25, seeds of late-ripening varieties are sown from the first days of April to the third decade of a given month. As a rule, it takes approximately 45-50 days from the day of sowing to transplanting seedlings into open soil.

Before you start sowing seeds, you should prepare a suitable substrate for this. Experienced gardeners are advised to stock up all the necessary components of the substrate in the autumn, since it will be extremely difficult to get them in winter. It is necessary to combine the sod land and humus in a 1: 1 ratio, then 1 tbsp is added for each kilogram of the resulting soil mixture. l. wood ash. Everything needs to be mixed well. In this case, ash will act as an antiseptic, as well as a source of micro- and macroelements, and it will also prevent the development of a black leg on cabbage seedlings. The soil mixture can have a different composition, so it can be made on the basis of peat, the main thing to remember is that it must be nutritious and well letting in air. For seedlings, you cannot take the garden soil in which representatives of the Cabbage family previously grew, since pathogens that can infect seedlings may be present in it.

Cabbage seeds need pre-sowing preparation. To do this, they are immersed in hot (about 50 degrees) water for a third of an hour, then they are kept in very cold water for five minutes. This will increase the seed resistance to fungal diseases. After that, the seed is kept for several hours in a solution of a growth stimulating agent, for example, Epin, Gumat, Silk, etc.But it should be borne in mind that there are varieties of which it is forbidden to wet the seeds, so be sure to study the instructions on the package before sowing. Sowing is carried out in a well-watered substrate, while more cannot be watered until the seedlings appear. During sowing, the seeds are buried 10 mm into the substrate, after which the container should be covered from above with a paper sheet or film, which will prevent rapid evaporation of moisture from the surface of the substrate. The container with crops must be placed in a relatively warm place (about 20 degrees).

Growing cabbage seedlings

The first seedlings should appear within 4–5 days after sowing. When this happens, the cover must be removed from the container, and it must be removed to a cooler place (about 6-10 degrees), there the cabbage will be there until one real leaf plate is formed. If there is such an opportunity, then the seedlings can be transferred to a glazed loggia, while the first leaf usually grows after 7 days. When this happens, the seedlings need to provide the following temperature regime: on a cloudy day, the air temperature should be about 14-16 degrees, on a sunny day - about 14-18 degrees, and at night - from 6 to 10 degrees. At this stage of growing cabbage seedlings, they will need access to fresh air, but it should be noted that this plant reacts extremely negatively to a draft. In addition, seedlings at this time need a long day of light (at least 12-15 hours a day), so they need additional lighting, you can use a phytolamp or a fluorescent lamp for this. The substrate should not dry out, but also moisture stagnation should not be allowed in it. Systematic loosening of the soil mixture will help in this, this should be done immediately after watering. After the seedlings appear, after 7 days they should be spilled with a weak solution of manganese potassium (3 grams of substance for 1 bucket of water) or with a weak solution of copper sulfate.

Watch the video: How to Grow Lettuce from Seed to Harvest

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