Tomatoes are desirable in almost every home. Hobby gardeners usually want to try fresh fruits as early as possible. One of the very early, albeit small-fruited, tomatoes is Betta - a long-known variety of Polish selection.
The Betta variety has been known in Russia for over 20 years. The tomato obtained by Polish breeders was registered in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation by the agricultural firm "Gavrish" in 1997. The variety is recommended for cultivation throughout the Russian Federation in garden plots and in small farms. Suitable for cultivation in unprotected soil, greenhouses and hotbeds, as well as at home (on balconies).
Growing Betta tomatoes in a greenhouse is not very profitable due to the short stature of the bushes.
Brief description of the Betta tomato variety according to the State Register
Betta is considered an ultra-early ripening variety - tomatoes begin to ripen 78–83 days after seed germination. Due to the property of determinancy (growth restriction), the bushes grow low - up to 0.5 m (in the open field it is usually even lower - 0.35–0.4 m), the crown width is 25–30 cm. These are standard plants, with a small number of lateral branches and medium foliage.... Leaves of a dark green color are devoid of stipules, their structure is usual, the size is medium. The surface of the sheet plate is slightly corrugated.
Fruit clusters of 4-6 tomatoes are formed on small bushes
Simple, compact inflorescences consist of 4-6 flowers. The first flower raceme appears above the 6-7th leaf, and then after 1-2 leaves. Sometimes the brushes grow in a row, not separated by leaves. Fruits are small in size, with an average weight of 54–71 g (maximum up to 100 g). The shape of the tomatoes is flat-round, with a slight ribbing on the surface. The skin is thin, but dense, bright red in color.
Small tomatoes, with 4-5 seed chambers
The pulp is very juicy, containing 4–5 seed chambers with an average number of seeds. The taste of the pulp is pleasant, sour-sweet.
Like any variety, Betta has both advantages and disadvantages. The advantages include:
Unfortunately, tomato is easily affected by diseases such as tobacco mosaic virus, fusarium and cladosporiosis.
The Betta tomato can be propagated using the usual seedling method and direct sowing. In any case, the seeds should be pre-treated:
Epin is not only a stress-generating drug, it also improves seed germination
This cultivation method is only suitable for warm regions (for example, Crimea or Krasnodar Territory). Considering that seed germination requires a soil temperature of at least 18 aboutC (with a decrease in temperature, seed development freezes), sowing can be carried out only at the beginning of May. You can sow a little earlier, but then, to provide the necessary heat, you will need to cover the crops with foil.
In regions with a temperate climate (for example, in central Russia), the Betta tomato should be propagated using seedlings. Treated seeds are sown in early April. The soil for growing seedlings should be loose and nutritious. You can use a commercial potting mix or make your own using equal parts of garden soil, peat, and sand.
Tomato seeds are buried in moist soil by 1-1.5 cm
After waiting for the mass appearance of sprouts, the film is removed, the boxes with seedlings are transferred to a well-lit windowsill and the temperature in the room is kept at the level of 15-16 for 7-8 days. aboutC. In the future, it is again increased to about 25 aboutFROM.
Watering young plants should be very careful so as not to erode the soil around the roots. Watering (with warm water!) Is done in moderation, as the upper soil layer dries up.
When growing tomato seedlings, you need to provide at least 16-18 hours of daylight hours, otherwise the plants will stretch out and become weak.
Sprouts for normal development must have sufficient living space, therefore, after the appearance of a couple of real leaves, young tomatoes must be dived into separate cups.
After the appearance of two real leaves, tomato seedlings dive
Betta tomatoes are transplanted into a greenhouse or open ground at 30 days of age. As a rule, the transplant period falls on the end of May - early June, depending on the climate of the region. The main condition is the absence of the threat of return frost. 12-14 days before planting, the seedlings should be taken out in the open air during the day for hardening.
The ground must be prepared in advance. Tomatoes of this variety prefer loose fertile soils, therefore, heavy loams should be enriched with humus in advance (10-12 kg / m2), sand (half a bucket per 1 m2), as well as ash and mineral fertilizers.
Seedlings are planted on a cloudy day. The holes should be very moist, because after planting the plants are not watered for 7-10 days. Since Betta bushes do not grow too large, they can be planted quite densely - 5-6 plants per 1 m2.
Betta is unpretentious. The size and structure of the bush make garter and pinching unnecessary. Tomatoes will only need regular watering (every 5-6 days with settled water) and top dressing with complex fertilizer (3-4 times per season).
The variety is best suited for cultivation in the open field, although it grows quite successfully in a greenhouse and even gives larger fruits.
My experience of growing Betta tomatoes in a greenhouse has shown that you can get quite large tomatoes for this variety weighing 90-100 g. Each bush bears about 10 fruits. I plant them in a greenhouse along with taller and later varieties. Due to the small size of the bushes, the variety can be placed along the aisle. After the first wave of the harvest, I harvest Betta tomatoes, since by this time bushes of mid- and late-ripening tomatoes are already growing. I put some of the green Betta fruits remaining on the uprooted bushes for ripening.
The Betta tomato is quite resistant to a number of diseases, but it can easily get sick with fusarium, cladosporium and tobacco mosaic.
Fusarium wilting is manifested by yellowing of leaves and browning of internal tissues and blood vessels (seen on the cross section of the stem). For the prevention of the disease it is necessary:
To treat plants, you can use Trichodermin (you can start making it even at the seedling stage), Gamair, Psevodbakterin-2.
Fusarium wilting can quickly kill tomato bushes
Cladosporium disease (brown spot) is more dangerous when growing tomatoes in greenhouse. At the first signs of the disease (the appearance of yellowish spots on the leaves), it is necessary:
For processing plants, you can use drugs such as Fitolavin-300 (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water), Fitosporin (5 ml per bucket of water), Pseudobacterin (50-150 ml per bucket of water). Treatments with these drugs are usually carried out twice with an interval of 15–20 days.
Cladosporiosis of tomato appears as spots on the leaves, at first yellow, then acquiring a brown tint
Tobacco mosaic most often affects seedlings grown tomatoes. A thickened planting and poor ventilation in the greenhouse contribute to the appearance of the disease. Correct crop rotation is necessary for the prevention of the disease, and for the greenhouse - the annual replacement of the top layer of soil (10-15 cm). For the treatment of diseased plants, spraying with 10% milk whey with micronutrient fertilizers is carried out.
Tobacco mosaic virus infects both leaves and fruits of tomatoes
Pests do not attack the Betta tomato too often. Still, for prevention, spicy odorous herbs and flowers (basil, mustard, marigolds) should be planted next to the beds. Ground red pepper and ash, which should be sprinkled around the plants, will help protect from planting slugs.
Prophylactic insecticidal treatments can be used prior to pouring the fruit. If a Colorado potato beetle appears, it must be harvested by hand.
Betta tomatoes are harvested from June to August. The fruits ripen perfectly in boxes, so it is even recommended to remove them greenish (the largest ones are at the stage of milk ripeness). This collection stimulates the growth and ripening of the fruits remaining on the bush.
Tomatoes taste great and can be used fresh. The small size of the fruits makes it possible to successfully use them for preservation of whole fruits. You can make juices, mashed potatoes, and other homemade canned foods.
Due to their unpretentiousness in growing conditions, Betta tomatoes can be easily cultivated even by inexperienced gardeners. Small bushes, of course, will not bring a fabulously large harvest, but they will allow you to feast on small juicy tomatoes at a very early date.
The following are Photo hybrid varieties of tomatoes Bobkat.
Our technology for growing tomatoes of different varieties is as follows. On our site, we allocate 6 long rows for tomatoes (including closed soil). On three of them, representatives of the best varieties of tomatoes that have been tested over the years (even a choice of tomatoes) are grown, guaranteeing the yield of the crop according to the declared characteristics (regardless of the "delights" of the weather), and the other three are planted with new varieties that are "considered" this way and that in during the above time. Everything seems to be.
P.S. To make life easier for readers and reduce the time for absorbing the article, instead of determining the yield of vegetables in kg per 1 square meter, it will be written later - kg "per square".
And now I am announcing the number of tomatoes tested in cultivation, presented below to your gaze, which can be called the best - 60 varieties.
P.S. The results were recorded in the area, which: with a good warm season corresponds to the Central Black Earth region (region), and with a bad one - to the North-West region. Naturally, this interval of latitudes, on which the above regions are located, definitely includes Siberia, the Moscow region, the Middle Belt, the Urals, the Far East, and then figure out for yourself which paths lead to your site.