Video of sowing gerbera seeds at home


In areas with a warm climate, gardeners sow seeds directly into the open ground, but in the conditions of a not very long and warm summer, they first have to grow seedlings on the windowsills, and only then, when warm weather sets in, plant the seedlings in the ground. This also applies to fruit plants and flowers.
But if gardeners want to further reduce the ripening period or accelerate flowering, they resort to pre-sowing seed treatment, which increases their germination and makes the seedlings more resistant to unfavorable environmental factors in the future.

We will tell you about what methods of processing seed material exist in our article.

Gerbera seed sowing video

Sowing seeds without pre-treatment

Good afternoon, dear visitors of our site. A little over 2 weeks ago I sowed gerbera. Today there are many ways to treat seed, especially non-irrigated seed. Recently, I have come across advice to boil the seeds directly in a bowl with boiling water, treat the soil with a fungicide or succinic acid.

I want to show my gerberas, the seeds of which I did not process before sowing: more than a dozen seeds were sown into the container, and after two and a half weeks only two weak sprouts appeared. From this we can conclude that the seeds have a low germination capacity. Now the crops are still in greenhouse conditions - under the package.

Seed treatment in three ways

Conditions for the experiment

I wanted to try different ways of sowing gerbera seeds. I went to the same store and bought 2 year old gerbera seeds from the same batch. The seeds from each package I will sow in different ways, then I will put them under the lamp. I will consider these two weak seedlings as control ones.

The same lamp will illuminate fresh crops, creating for them the same length of daylight hours - 16 hours. The only thing that cannot be accurately recreated is the temperature: now I have 21-22 ⁰C in my apartment, and more than two weeks ago the temperature was 24 ⁰C.

Amber, Topaz and boiling water

So, I spilled the first container with the substrate with a solution of 0.5 g of succinic acid in 2.5 liters of water. All three containers contain slightly dried Klasmann soil. After treating the soil with a solution of amber, I first loosened the substrate, and then leveled it. I spilled the second glass with the substrate with a solution of 6 drops of Topaz in half a liter of water. For processing, it took less than 50 ml of the composition.

Now I will try to sow the seeds evenly across the surface of the substrate in all three cups. If it doesn't work out evenly, spread out the seeds with tweezers - they are quite large and easy to grasp. After sowing, the seeds need to be lightly pressed into the substrate. There is no need to water the crops: the soil is already moist enough.

Interestingly, the two bags contained a different number of seeds: one contained 14, the other 24. Apparently, the bags contain empty seeds, because they are arranged by weight. To be honest, such a difference in quantity is alarming, although I had no complaints about this trademark before.

In the third glass, I sow seeds over dry peat and pour boiling water over them on top. Let's see what happens, because I have never processed seeds like this before: neither boiling water, nor Topaz, nor amber. The temperature of the water for processing is about 90 ⁰C, maybe a little more. Some of the seeds floated when watering, some were dragged into the ground, so I will correct them with tweezers.

Now you can insert a label with a date and an indication of the processing method into each glass, after which I will cover the glasses with cling film. First, I'll cover a glass that has been spilled with boiling water to keep it warm. The film began to fog up immediately. I'll put all three cups under the lamp and in three weeks I'll show you what I did.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Asteraceae
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Houseplants Beautiful flowering Compositae (Asteraceae) Plants on G Video


How to grow gerberas?

Gerberas are herbaceous plants that have a strong, bright green stem and large, bright flowers. They can be of different shades: yellow, and red, and pink, and white gerberas look beautiful. The exception is blue flowers: there are no such gerberas in nature. The plant is grown both in the garden in the country and at home in pots. Gerberas are thermophilic, and this is their main feature. Otherwise, they are not too demanding. However, there are still rules for planting at home and on the street, which you should adhere to in order to grow beautiful indoor or garden flowers.


Conditions for gerbera in different seasons - table

Season Lighting and location Temperature Humidity
Spring Summer Bright diffused light. East or west windows. In summer, it can be placed on the balcony or in the garden, as the gerbera loves the open air and is not afraid of the draft. 16-24 ° C Spray the leaves (but not flowers) with warm water once a day, preventing drops from falling into the outlet.
Autumn winter Bright diffused light. Can be placed on south windows. 14 ° C

Gerbera needs bright diffused light


Growing Heuchera from seeds at home

Adding an article to a new collection

Geykhera are perennial herbaceous plants of the Saxifrage family. Many representatives of geyher are valuable ornamental plants with variegated large carved leaves and bright small flowers in paniculate inflorescences.

How to grow Heuchera from seeds, what is the peculiarity of sowing and picking, how to care for plants during the growing season - he will tell you about this Natalia Konstantinova, a passionate florist from the Moscow region.

Heuchera is easily propagated by seeds. They are black in color, similar to poppy seeds, but much smaller.

Among the seedlings, few cultivars are able to retain their decorative qualities in a high percentage ratio, like species of plants. Most varieties, and especially hybrids, during seed propagation, lose their varietal characteristics. Seedlings are quite different in color and shape of foliage and flowers from the parent plant.

Experiments carried out in the Terra Nova nursery (USA) with varietal novelties of Heucher showed that in most cases only 1-2 specimens were selected from more than 5000 seedlings, which fully corresponded to all varietal characteristics of one cultivar, from which seeds were taken for experiment. Therefore, if your goal is pure-variety plants, it is more advisable to propagate varietal heucheras in a vegetative way.

If you decide to start growing geyher to obtain a large number of plants for amateur or breeding purposes, then they are grown from seeds. It is not difficult to collect the seeds on your own - the faded inflorescences are cut off as the seeds set and ripened in a dry place for 2-3 weeks. During this time, the seeds are easily poured out of the seed pods. It remains only to shake out the remaining from the flower panicles and remove the seeds for storage.

Heuchera Palace Purple. Photo by the author

You can find Heucher seeds on sale in flower shops and garden centers, in online stores selling plant seeds, and from private collectors and breeders. They sell either a mixture of seeds collected from various Heuchera, including varietal ones, or seeds of the Heuchera species, or the widely known and very popular variety of Heuchera hairy (H.villosa) Palace purple, which until recently was referred to as H. micrantha.

Seeds of the latter variety are most commonly found on the market. Often its seedlings differ in the intensity of the color of the foliage, but by selecting the brightest of them, you can grow very beautiful specimens with maple-like leaves of purple-bronze or black-brown color with a metallic sheen. Such spectacular cultivars can decorate any garden and often flower growers plant seedlings of this variety with a border along the paths or frame flower arrangements with them. Also, the seeds of the common species blood-red Heuchera (H. sanguinea) or its varieties, which are valued for their abundant and bright flowering, can also often be found on the mass market.

Heichera is blood-red. Photo by the author

When growing heuchera from seeds, you should know that they begin to gradually lose their viability 6-8 months after harvest. You can extend the shelf life of seeds by storing them in a tightly closed jar or bag in a cold place with a temperature of about 5-7 ° C. The vacuum packaging, metallized from the inside with foil, also extends the shelf life of seeds up to 3 years or more from the moment of collection.

Heuchera seeds do not need any special processing or stratification. The optimal time for sowing at home is mid-March - early April. The soil for sowing should be of neutral acidity, well-drained, it is advisable to add perlite and vermiculite (about 30%) to its composition.

Sowing Heucher seeds with sand. Photo by the author

If necessary, the earthen substrate is disinfected. At home, it can be steamed in the oven for an hour or 2-3 days before sowing, moistened with a 0.2% Fundazole solution. For sowing, it is better to take a plastic container with drainage holes and sides with a height of at least 4-5 cm.

Moisten the soil mixture in the seed hopper until it is not wet and crumbly. If perlite was not used in its composition, then the surface can be sprinkled with clean calcined coarse sand with a layer of 2-3 mm. Sow seeds "randomly" using a sheet of paper folded in half for this purpose, evenly moving the spilled seeds back and forth along the entire sowing container.

Germinating seeds in a mini greenhouse. Photo by the author

If there are few seeds, then it is better to mix them with sand and only then sow, this way it is easier to achieve an even distribution of seeds over the surface. After that, very carefully spray the crops with water from a sprinkler in a misty stream and cover the top with glass or transparent film. Place crops in a bright place, but not in direct sunlight.

The bottom of the container should not be cold, as is often the case when the crops are kept on the windowsill; if necessary, place a warming material under it. At room temperature (20-22 ° C), heucheras germinate in 2-3 weeks. After the emergence of seedlings, glass or film must be temporarily opened for airing for several days, then removed altogether.

Seed shoots of Snow Storm Heuchera two weeks after sowing. Photo by the author

Make sure that the substrate does not dry out, but does not contain excess moisture. Watering carefully, you can do it through the pallet.

Seedlings dive at the stage of 3-4 true leaves. Grown plants are hardened and planted in open ground in June, where they, as a rule, quickly and without problems adapt and by the end of the season already have full-fledged rosettes that can winter without shelter. Only for the purpose of retaining snow on top of young geykhera, you can put several branches of spruce branches.

Plastic container without a bottom, limiting the seeding site of Heucher. Photo by the author

In open ground, Heucher seeds can be sown immediately after collecting the seeds, in a specially designated place. It is advisable to enclose the sowing site or sow seeds in a dug-in container without a bottom or with drainage holes.

Self-seeding can often be found in the garden where heuchera are grown.

As a rule, heucheras grown from seeds are distinguished by increased endurance and unpretentiousness, because seedlings adapt to local growing conditions.


The final stage of the process and sowing

Once the seeds are prepared and ready to be sown, they need to be dried so they can separate from each other. If there is no opportunity to introduce the material into the soil immediately after the bubbling process, then you need to lay them out in a thin layer on a newspaper or cloth, and dry them to a loose state in a well-ventilated area. Under no circumstances do this in the sun.

Separately, it should be said about the storage of bubbling carrot seeds. They are placed in a plastic bag, without waiting for them to dry, and stored like this until the moment of sowing, not allowing them to freeze or dry out. In this case, the temperature should be standard for the refrigerator from 1 to 4 degrees Celsius. Foreign scientists have found that the seeds after such a procedure further increase their germination.

A paste is made immediately before sowing. It is needed in order to further increase the germination of seeds and protect them from the external environment.

  1. Add 30 grams of starch to 100 ml of cold water and stir well.
  2. Next, approximately 900 ml of hot boiling water is poured into the jar and starch with cold water is poured in a thin stream.
  3. Stir everything thoroughly.
  4. Place the jar in a pot of water and put it on fire.
  5. Heated to 92 degrees.
  6. Cool to room temperature, avoiding skin formation.
  7. After the paste has cooled down, the film formed on the surface is removed from it and the seed material is poured into it, which is gently kneaded to prevent damage to the roots that have appeared.

The process of mixing paste with seeds can be seen in the following video:

Sowing is carried out into moistened grooves with a depth of not more than 2.5 cm. The paste with seed is poured in a thin stream from a glass or syringe. Immediately after the seeds have been spread over the furrow, they should be covered with loose earth. Until the moment when shoots appear, the garden must be constantly moistened. After sowing the seeds of cucumbers and carrots, the bed can be covered with foil on top.


Watch the video: How to grow Gerbera from harvested seeds. Full update from harvest to germination


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