The best cabbage varieties with characteristics

Cabbage is traditionally a favorite vegetable of our gardeners. There are quite a few varieties of it, and they differ not only in terms of ripening, but also in external and taste characteristics. In this material, we will tell you how to choose the best varieties of cabbage correctly, focusing on the terms of ripening, the degree of keeping quality and quality suitable for salting for future use.


Early ripening cabbage is capable of reaching technical maturity in up to 125 days. The peculiarities of early cabbage are considered to be the ability to produce tasty products in a short period of time, to withstand the vagaries of cold spring weather and possible frosts. This type of vegetables can develop normally in a confined space, calmly tolerates a lack of nutrients in the earth. For a high yield, early varieties are recommended to be fed.

What varieties of your favorite vegetable are well suited for the middle zone of our country and other regions? Let's consider some of them.

  • Rinda F1 is a hybrid, the emergence of heads of cabbage occurs after 76 days. It has round-shaped vegetables with excellent internal structure. They are not very dense, the leaves are devoid of bitter taste and taste good. Such cabbage can be eaten fresh and delicious dishes can be prepared with it. Feels fine in different climatic zones. It is not advised to plant such a crop too tightly, then you can get a rich harvest. Landing on the beds is carried out in spring or summer;
  • June - heads of cabbage of a compact form fit well in the beds, the harvest is harvested after a couple of months. It has a rounded or flat-rounded shape, reaches 2, 3 kg in weight. If it outgrows, it begins to bloom. Able to endure frosts in the spring;
  • Transfer F1 is a hybrid that matures in 87 - 115 days. It has dense heads of cabbage, the outer leaves are light green in color. Excellent taste, reaches a weight of 1, 3 kg. The yield is consistently high, it is immune to disease and weather conditions;
  • F1 Cossack is an ultra-early hybrid, ripens in 40 days. The head of cabbage has a low density, weighs up to 1.5 kg. The leaves have no bitterness. Shows immunity to diseases.


The best cabbage varieties with medium ripening periods, which can be grown in open ground in the Moscow region and other regions, have a growing season of up to 135 days. They contain a lot of healthy sugars. They can be stored well for up to 5 months. Let us dwell on the characteristics of some species.

Glory 1305 - ripens after 113 - 119 days. Has excellent taste. The head of cabbage has a rounded-flattened shape, weighs up to 5 kg, the outer leaves have a pale green tint. Resistant to infections, grows normally in cool climates and with sufficient moisture.

Gift - has a ripening period of 120 to 135 days. It has rounded-flattened heads of cabbage that weigh up to 4 kg. The leaves are light green above, white inside. The cabbage is juicy and with a spicy acidity. The variety has good transportability and keeping quality. Dobrovodskaya - has heads of medium density, weighing about 7 - 9 kg, with sweet leaves of light white color. The variety is immune to disease and can be stored for about 5 months.

Video "Grades Megaton F1"


Late cabbage needs a lot of time to curl the head. It can be harvested in the fall. The leaves of such vegetables are not particularly juicy and tender. Such varieties are not afraid of spring frosts. Subject to the storage conditions, late cabbage is normally stored in the cellar until a new crop is harvested. Let's dwell on some varieties in more detail.

Aggressor F1 - ripening period - from 115 to 120 days. Heads of cabbage have a flat-round shape, weighing up to 4.5 kg. Shows resistance to cracking, has a high yield. Retains taste during salting, fermentation, storage for up to six months. Shows resistance to some infections.

Snow White - matures in 145 - 160 days. Differs in flat heads of cabbage of a flat-round shape, reaching 3, 8 kg in weight. Has a good taste without bitterness. Suitable for preparing baby food. Shows immunity to diseases, is well transported, has a shelf life of up to 7 months.

Mara is a variety of Belarusian selection. Such cabbage ripens in 156 - 167 days. Heads of cabbage are ball-shaped, dark green in color. Each head of cabbage weighs up to 3.8 kg and is quite dense. Shows resistance to cracking, has excellent taste characteristics and a high degree of keeping quality.

For storage

For growing on the soil of the Moscow region and other regions of Russia, many gardeners prefer to choose cabbage varieties with long shelf life. For long-term storage, varieties with late ripening periods are most suitable. They have a denser head, a degree of frost resistance and a high yield.

They have one feature - their taste is fully revealed after more time than immediately after harvest. Hybrids of Dutch selection - Marathon, Bartolo, Lennox, are perfect for subsequent long-term storage. Domestic varieties of cabbage - Zimovka 1474, Kolobok, Monarch - do not lag behind them in terms of characteristics. Let us dwell in more detail on some varieties with long shelf life.

Blizzard is a mid-late type of cabbage. It has good taste when consumed fresh and when fermented. Resistant to phoma and black leg. It is stored for a long time and reveals its excellent taste after a while. Lying F1 is a late-ripening variety with high yields when grown on normal soil. Possesses medium resistance to bacteriosis, keel, gray rot.

Rusinovka is a mid-season variety with excellent taste - both fresh and fermented. Shows resistance to cracking, has a high yield, is immune to mucous bacteriosis and black leg. Differs in a long term storage when the proper conditions are created.

For salting

Cabbage is a storehouse of useful minerals and trace elements. Therefore, many people prefer to salt it for the winter. It is important to choose the right variety for pickling. For harvesting for future use, varieties with medium and late ripening terms are well suited. It is necessary that the heads of cabbage are large, have a white color - they contain more sugar, which is needed when salting. A head of cabbage most suitable for processing should be creamy white on the cut, tough to the touch, sweet and crunchy on the palate.

For pickling, choose cabbage varieties such as Slava-1305, Gift, Jubilee F1. The first ripens after 95 days, is high-yielding. The second is suitable for salting, fermentation, making marinades. In pickled form, such cabbage is stored for up to 5 months. The third is stored at least, one head of cabbage has a weight of up to 4 kg.

Among the varieties with late ripening terms, Amager, Geneva F1, Türkiz should be named. The first type improves its taste characteristics every day. The second can be stored until the next harvest. The third can be collected after 4 months. You get dense heads of cabbage that are not prone to cracking, which can be set aside until winter sourdough.

Video "Paradox F1: characteristics of a hybrid"

You will find everything related to this hybrid cabbage variety in the video below.

The best varieties of white cabbage: characteristics and photos

If you decide to plant white cabbage in your garden, you are probably wondering which variety of this vegetable should you choose? Each variety of cabbage has its own pros and cons, which you need to know about before buying seeds. Next, you will find out what varieties of white cabbage are, their features.

Peking cabbage varieties

  1. Russian size - hybrids with high yields, grows under any conditions. The ripening time for heads of cabbage varies from 75 days or more. The head of cabbage is oblong, outside the leaves are bright green, inside are yellow-white creamy wrinkled leaves. The size of cabbage reaches 4 kilograms. The variety is resistant to temperature extremes, disease resistant. Contains a large amount of nutrients. This is the largest type of "Peking" that does not require additional care. By its name, the variety speaks of the large size of the fruit.
  2. Cha cha is an early ripe variety, the seeds planted on seedlings are ready for harvesting in 45-50 days. On average, a mature head of cabbage f1 Cha weighs 3 kilograms, suitable for growing in central Russia. Good quality seeds are produced by the Bejo company.
  3. Peking cabbage Bilko f1 is a hybrid of medium ripeness, the period from planting on the ridge to harvest lasts 65 days, a ripe head of cabbage weighs up to 15 kilograms, the shelf life of this variety is about 2 months. The taste is sweet, yellow leaves. Bilko f1 cabbage is resistant to the formation of arrows, as well as to most popular diseases.
  4. Richie cabbage - in ripe form reaches a size of 2.5 kilograms, grown for direct consumption. Richie f1 has resistance to popular diseases such as mucous bacteriosis. The seeds are produced by the Bejo firm.
  5. Nika is a late variety of Peking cabbage, suitable for growing in private plots, the shelf life of this variety is no more than 3 months. The mass reaches 3 kilograms, up to 12 kilograms of Nick's cabbage harvest is removed from 1 square meter. The leaves are green and yellow in cross-section. Resistant to such unpleasant phenomena as cruciferous keels, flowering. Nika is used fresh and fermented.
  6. Yuki f1 cabbage is an early ripe variety, gardeners plant this cabbage under a film for a quick harvest. Has a high resistance to disease.
  7. Hydra is a mid-season variety, 60 days pass from planting to ripening, the leaves are dark green, wrinkled. Lush, ajar head. This type of "Peking" is not suitable for storage, it is eaten immediately after harvest. The seeds are also marketed by Bejo.
  8. Peking cabbage Manoko f1 is an early ripe hybrid variety of Peking. It has a small head size - up to 1 kilogram, Monaco is resistant to popular diseases. The leaves are light green, not destroyed during transportation.
  9. A glass is a mid-season variety, 70 days pass from planting to harvest, a medium-sized head of cabbage, about 2 kilograms. The color of the leaves is yellow-green. The vegetable is picky about care and favorable conditions.
  10. Peking broadleaf - early varieties of cabbage, has no resistance to keel, the growing season is 50 days. Not suitable for long-term storage.
  11. Slides f1 the description is almost the same as the Nika variety, but the fruits are slightly smaller, they are 2.5 kilograms, the cabbage is well stored and suitable for fermentation. Produced by the agrofirm Bejo.
  12. Vesnyanka is an early ripening variety, the growing season lasts 35 days, Leafy, suitable for direct consumption in the form of salads. The view is not prone to arrowing.
  13. Asten - the weight of the vegetable reaches 1.5 kilograms, has a round shape with dark green lettuce leaves.

These top Chinese cabbage varieties have excellent taste. Seeds are supplied to Russia by various manufacturing companies, one of them has established itself on the positive side thanks to high-quality seeds - this is the Bejo company from Holland.


The Moscow variety belongs to the late-ripening white cabbage types.

An interesting property - the fruits of the plant are extremely large, for which the Moscow cabbage is often called a giant. One head can grow up to 10 kg and is fully formed in just 130 days. Among all the varieties, it is considered one of the most productive.

It has a green-gray tint in appearance. When cut, it is white with a slight shade of yellow. In terms of taste, it is excellent. The plant contains many different sugars, mineral components and ascorbic acid.

With proper storage (about + 5 ° C) it lasts for 9 months, maybe longer.

What kind of white cabbage to plant in different regions

In 2018, the state register of plants includes 432 white cabbage varieties. No other species can boast of such indicators. This is not surprising, since white cabbage is an ideal source of valuable elements. It will easily give odds to citrus in terms of the level of vitamin C in the composition, it contains a rich supply of vitamin R.

The main criterion for dividing white cabbage into groups is the ripening rate. All varieties are divided into:

The quality of the crop depends on climatic characteristics, soil characteristics. They also determine the cultivation technology. If in the central and southern regions of the country, cabbage of the same varieties can usually be planted, then cold-resistant seeds will be needed for the northern area.

14 varieties for early harvest: a detailed overview from "A" to "Z"

All early varieties have a lower keeping quality, do not give such a high "yield" by the end of the season. These vegetables ripen faster and are usually ready to harvest 3-4 months after planting.

Cabbage heads of early ripening are smaller in size, looser than the late "companions". Usually they are used in fresh salads, put in summer cabbage soup, vegetable stew.

Compared to other species, early varieties:

  • ripen 90-120 days after the first shoots appear, ready to harvest by mid-summer
  • have juicy leaves of a grassy green color with a delicate structure
  • give small loose heads of cabbage
  • unpretentious, grow well in dense planting on problem soil.

Mid-season cabbage is slightly different from early cabbage:

  • ripens on 130-150 days, when the harvest from early ripening seeds is already leaving
  • produces firm, medium-sized heads and high yields
  • has juicy white leaves
  • more sugary
  • stored longer, up to winter.

Mid-season varieties have long been chosen by summer residents and villagers. Such cabbage is good fresh, suitable for preservation, pickling.

To eat delicious fresh cabbage all season, you only need one garden bed.

Experienced gardeners often create a full-fledged conveyor by sowing the area with the seeds from the table below:

10 delicious late varieties for long storage and pickling

80% of the known cabbage varieties are seeds of a long growing season. It is they who give the greatest yield, help to stock up on fresh vegetables, pickles and conservation for the whole year. Late cabbage has its own distinctive features:

  • matures longer, about 160-210 days
  • has coarser leaves with a characteristic "bitterness"
  • "Reaches" during storage, becomes even tastier
  • gives dense, crunchy forks
  • stored for about 7 months at a certain temperature.

Late-ripening varieties are usually grown with a "reserve". If you place your supplies in the cold, you can eat your cabbage fresh throughout the winter, before the new season begins. This is a versatile option for any culinary purpose.

Seeds can be planted directly into the ground, the main thing is to observe the planting dates. If you plant them earlier, the ripe heads will crack and lose their attractive appearance. Delaying planting, the gardener loses his own harvest - the heads of cabbage are small, loose.

The best "way out" in different regions is given by:

Early varieties of cabbage

I really love cabbage salads, early varieties are best for this. They quickly form heads of cabbage, tender and juicy. An early variety of cabbage is always present in my garden, a little - 10-15 roots. In a summer borschik, a salad with apples leaves before the mid-season varieties ripen.

Although early cabbage usually has medium-sized heads of cabbage, it pays off with its rapid growth. Also, early varieties put up with cramped and poor soils, unlike their later counterparts.

Rinda F1

Heads of cabbage are formed 76 days after full germination. This variety is not only suitable for fresh consumption, but can also be stored for up to four months in a cool place. Excellent head of cabbage, not loose, but not too tight - good pleasant taste, no bitterness.

Rinda cabbage

Cossack F1

A very early hybrid - ambassadors of planting seedlings, heads of cabbage ripen in 40 days. And if you sow seeds, then the harvest is ready after 60-70 days. The cabbage is beautiful - light green in color, inside the head of cabbage is yellow-cream. Heads of cabbage are small in size, medium density - weighing about 1.5 kg, without bitterness. Grows well under temporary shelter and in beds. Not damaged by flea beetles and rot.

This hybrid ripens 90-115 days after germination. Heads of cabbage of medium density, small - up to 1300g in weight. Stable, productive variety - ripening amicably, heads of cabbage do not crack, they have an excellent presentation. Calmly tolerates cold, does not get sick. On fertile soils, it gives high yields.

Variety Kazachok


A popular, common early variety of cabbage. The crop can be harvested 2 months after transplanting. Heads of cabbage are light green, dense, can be planted often. In spring, it can easily withstand short-term frosts.

June cabbage variety

Dumas F1

Ripe heads of cabbage can be harvested 90 days after the first shoots appear. Heads of cabbage are dense, rounded, green outside - straw-colored inside with delicate tasty leaves. Weight is usually up to 1.4 kg. Does not burst and retains well during outgrowth. Pleases with stable, high yields, feels fine in thickened plantings.

Dumas variety

Tobia F1

Large hybrid with heads of cabbage up to 6 kg. Rich green upper leaves and light yellow inside, small stump. When overgrown, it does not crack and does not lose taste. Very high taste of the head of cabbage. Can be stored for a short time, resistant to diseases.

Tobia variety

Cabbage for pickling and pickling varieties - how to choose the best variety

Usually, mid-season and mid-late varieties are taken for salting. Mid-season varieties are also suitable for summer cooking.

Mid-season and mid-late varieties of cabbage

Glory 1305

A well-known popular variety that ripens 115-120 days after germination. Good fresh and for pickling. Sauerkraut turns out to be of excellent taste. Round-flattened head of cabbage weighing up to 5 kg. With light green top leaves and white inside.

Slava grade

Atria F1

A mature variety, ripening on the 137-147th day after full germination. Leaves are dark green with a strong waxy bloom. The stump is small inside, the heads of cabbage are dense, weighing up to 3.5 kg. High yielding variety, excellent taste, crack and disease resistant.

Variety Atria


Medium late variety ideal for fermentation. Medium-dense rounded heads of cabbage weighing up to nine kilograms. Leaves are juicy, sweet, white-cream color. The variety is resistant to many diseases of cabbage and flea beetles. Stored up to five months after harvest.

Dobrovodskaya cabbage


Medium late variety, ripening 120-135 days after sowing. Perfect for pickling - the cabbage turns out to be juicy, tasty, spicy. The heads of cabbage are flattened about 4 kg in weight, the upper leaves are green with a waxy coating. The inner ones are white or light green.

Cabbage variety Gift

Midor F1

A mid-late ripening hybrid, the period before harvest is 140-160 days. Leaves are bright green with slight wrinkling with a noticeable waxy coating. The head is medium, round, dense with white leaves inside. The stump is small inside. Good taste. It is good in vegetable salads and preparations for the winter.

Variety Midor

Krautman F1

Mid-season hybrid with very dense crispy leaves, very small stump. Weight up to 4.5 kg. With a long standing on the vine, even with a rainy summer, the heads of cabbage do not crack or rot. Stored after harvesting up to 4 months with preservation of excellent taste. Perfect for fermentation - the taste is pleasant. Not affected by diseases. The variety is keel resistant.

Krautman variety

Megaton F1

The most productive hybrid of the Dutch selection. From the emergence of the first shoots to harvest, 105 days pass. Heads of cabbage are rounded up to 15 kg in weight, good taste. Cabbage is leveled in size and does not crack when excessive moisture is present. Suitable for fresh consumption and processing. Great for fermentation.

Megaton variety

Merchant's wife

Medium late grade. Green on the outside in the cut is white. Heads weight up to 2.8 kg. Good, great taste. Good in salting and pickling. Resistant to diseases, can be stored for several months.

Kupchikha variety

Cabbage for storage - the best decaying varieties

Late ripening varieties are selected for storage. They develop for a long time, they have dense heads of cabbage, and are often stored until the next harvest. Late varieties are not afraid of spring and autumn frosts. Suitable for storage and salting, but cabbage turns out to be rougher, not as juicy and tasty as from earlier ripening varieties.

The best varieties of late cabbage

Aggressor F1

This is one of the best late varieties. In all regions, it shows a high yield, it can be stored for up to six months. The head of cabbage is round-flat, very dense, weighing up to 4.5 cm. It does not require careful maintenance; it grows well by itself. Yields in unfavorable conditions, resistant to cracking.

Variety Aggressor

Late Belarusian variety. The period from germination to harvest is 155-167 days. Round heads of cabbage of dark green color with a strong waxy coating. Weighing up to 4 kg. Resistant to cracking. Very dense heads of cabbage, well kept. It tastes good when fresh, but excellent in sauerkraut. Stored in the cellar until April. The variety is resistant to root rot.

Mara variety

Amager 611

A well-known late variety, it takes 150-160 days before harvesting. The leaves are gray-green in color with a bright waxy bloom. Flat dense heads of cabbage greenish-white inside weighing up to five kg. A productive variety, ripens amicably. Heads of cabbage do not crack, they are resistant to decay.

Amager variety

Snow White

Late variety (145-160 days). The head of cabbage is dense, flat-round, weighing up to 4 kg with good care. Inside, the leaves are juicy white with good taste without bitterness. This variety can be used to prepare baby food. The harvested crop is stored for up to 7 months and does not rot. Delicious when fermented. Resistant to diseases and pests, it tolerates transportation well.

Snow White variety

Valentine F1

Late ripe, suitable for long-term storage and fresh preparation. The head of cabbage is medium up to 3.8 kg, very dense, outside the leaves are green with a bloom, white on the cut. The stump is small. Excellent taste, fruitful hybrid.

Variety Valentine

Gingerbread man F1

Late hybrid ripening 150 days after sowing. Differs in high taste, leaves are juicy, white without bitterness. Heads of cabbage weighing up to 5 kg. round, dense, suitable for salting, fermentation, fresh consumption. The stump is short. Cabbage Kolobok is well stored practically until April. The hybrid is resistant to many diseases, so you can get large yields with it without the use of chemicals.

Kolobok variety

Many cabbage varieties were left without attention, but the most popular and productive cabbage varieties with photos and descriptions are shown in this article.

How many varieties of cabbage, it turns out, and all are so beautiful in the photo. Thank you for the information.

You are welcome! This is still a small part of the varieties, there are so many of them that you cannot tell about everything in one article)))

What a detailed review of the cabbage theme! The new season is coming soon, it's time to prepare for it.

Yes, now is the time to buy new seeds, you can freely choose. Let this article help you decide on the right varieties of cabbage.

Is there a variety of cabbage called citron, if there is, please describe in advance. Thank you respectfully Adilet

Hello Adilet! I did not find such a cabbage. There is a citrus plant - Citron, but it grows only in the tropics, it is too cold here, it can be grown as a homemade one.

now Gribovskaya 12 kg. was born


A very informative article. From the entire list, only the name "Snow White" is familiar to me. Since I know for sure that there are potatoes with this name.

First generation hybrids have the F1 mark and cannot be a variety. And this article is full of inconsistencies.
Krautman F1
Mid-season hybrid with very dense crispy leaves, very small stump. Weight up to 4.5 kg. With a long standing on the vine, even with a rainy summer, the heads of cabbage do not crack or rot. Stored after harvesting up to 4 months with preservation of excellent taste. Perfect for fermentation - the taste is pleasant. Not affected by diseases. The variety is keel resistant.
Aggressor F1
It is one of the best late variety hybrids. In all regions, it shows a high yield, it can be stored for up to six months. The head of cabbage is round-flat, very dense, weighing up to 4.5 cm. It does not require careful maintenance; it grows well by itself. Yields in unfavorable conditions, resistant to cracking.
The F1 Aggressor is also a hybrid. And here it is indicated that the grade.
The Aggressor variety is tasty fresh and suitable for pickling and fermentation. Resistant to damage by cruciferous flea and fusarium disease.
Atria F1
A mature variety, ripening on day 137-147 after full germination. Leaves are dark green with a strong waxy bloom. The stump is small inside, the heads of cabbage are dense, weighing up to 3.5 kg. High yielding variety, excellent taste, crack and disease resistant.

Lyudmila, I am aware that F1 is a hybrid and cannot be a variety. Here the variety is used synonymously so that there is no hybrid in every sentence.

Aggressor F1
The head of cabbage is round-flat, very dense, weighing up to 4.5 cm. Here is a typo. Weight up to 4.5 kg.

Lyudmila, I don't think it matters) but thanks.

The most popular and productive varieties of broccoli

When grown correctly, all varieties show good yields, but Quinta F1, Kezzy F1 and Beaumont F1 turned out to be more productive. Hybrids are less prone to being damaged by cabbage diseases and attack by pests, calmly tolerate minor temperature fluctuations, but need watering.

Those who wish to acquire large-fruited and fruitful broccoli cabbage should choose the Apolene hybrid. Its fruits weigh 1 kg and ripen quickly, allowing you to grow 2 seedlings.

When growing broccoli cabbage, it is important not to overexpose the fruits in the garden and prevent buds from blooming, otherwise some of the nutrients and taste will be lost. Treatment for diseases and pests is stopped 2 weeks before harvesting vegetables.

Watch the video: When and How to Harvest Cabbage

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