Eating Ornamental Garlic


Today there are many plants that at the same time are able to amaze with their beauty and excellent taste... Ornamental garlic is one of them.

What is ornamental garlic and the purpose of its cultivation

Decorative garlic is very similar to ordinary garlic, only differs from it in its incredibly beautiful inflorescence. Depending on the species, it throws out up to 12 leaves and has excellent inflorescences, which are full of a variety of shades.

However, the bulb of an ornamental plant is very small, its diameter is usually less than 5 mm and is brown or gray in color.

This plant is both decorated with plots and eaten.

Most popular varieties

There are about 500 species of ornamental flowering garlic in the world. The most famous among which are:

  • Neapolitan;
  • Moli;
  • Daffodil.

Neapolitan

It has white unusually beautiful inflorescence of bell-shaped flowers... It looks great in tall vases and on sunny lawns. This variety blooms in June.

Moths

Often also called the golden onion. It is relatively low, reaches 25 cm, and the diameter of the inflorescence becomes 6 cm... The plant blooms in late June or July. Its peculiarity is that it can grow both in the sun and in partial shade.

Daffodil

It does not live up to its name at all, since its flowers have a wine-red hue. This variety is distinguished by its originality. He is also short, only 25 cm.

Landing rules, when and where

For planting decorative garlic, choose a sunny and dry place, since it does not tolerate excessive moisture and does not grow well in the shade. Every 3 years, they change the place of its landing.

Plant garlic in place of legumes, cabbage, or cucumbers. In no case should it be grown where there were potatoes or tomatoes. He can contract their diseases.

If seeds are used for planting, then they must be planted in the soil at least one and a half months before the onset of frost.

The seeds are soaked 24 hours before planting. Those who drowned are selected for landing, and those who have swum are thrown away.

For sowing seeds in the ground, pits are made no deeper than 5 cm.They are covered with coarse sand, the thickness of the ball of which does not exceed 1.5 cm.

If the garlic is propagated using slices, then the depth of the fossa should be no more than 2-3 bulbs in diameter. When planting slices, you can put and dipped newspapers into the hole, in which holes are made. These newspapers will keep weeds from sprouting in the spring.

Ornamental garlic care - how to water and feed

Decorative garlic is quite picky to care for. He does not need frequent watering... But you should also not allow long-term drying of the soil. In general, the plant is watered about 3 times per season. This plant just feels great at a temperature of 22-25 degrees.

After watering or rain, the soil should be loosened.

Loosening is carried out at least 7 times per season.

The garlic will grow large if the arrows are cut off, otherwise it will be small and not so beautiful.

This plant also needs feeding. Fertilize the soil 2 weeks before planting. To do this, take:

  • wood ash - 400 g;
  • superphosphate - 300 g;
  • humus - 10 kg;
  • magnesium sulfate - 300 g.

Such a volume is brought in on the basis of 1 sq. m. of land.

After planting, the seedlings are sprinkled with a layer of humus or peat, which will serve as fertilizer and protect the crop from cold and drying out.

Diseases and pests

Ornamental garlic, like all plants, is susceptible to a variety of diseases, and also some pests do not mind eating them. The most common of them include:

  • neck rot;
  • downy mildew;
  • mole;
  • root mite;
  • onion fly.

Cervical rot Is a disease that manifests itself during storage of the bulbs. They become soft and watery, and then dry out abruptly. To avoid such troubles, the bulbs must be thoroughly dried in the sun before storing them.

As for downy mildew, then the cause of its appearance is mushrooms that like damp, wet weather. When affected by these fungi, plant growth slows down, pale green spots appear, which then turn yellow and the plant dies over time.

To prevent the appearance of downy mildew, you must:

  • dry the heads well at 40 degrees temperature;
  • plant it in a sunny, dry area;
  • remove weeds;
  • change the landing site regularly every 3 years.

When pests appear such as root mite, moth or onion fly, the plant is treated with 2% chlorophos. Ash, peat and tobacco dust will also get rid of them.

Application and combination with other plants

Decorative garlic has found its application:

  • in cooking;
  • in landscape design;
  • as a disinfectant.

Arrows of this type can fully replace its slicestherefore they are often used in the preparation of the most exquisite dishes.

Thanks to its beautiful spherical flowers, this plant is not inferior in its beauty to any ordinary flower. Now it is very fashionable to have such allaria in your summer cottage - onion gardens. The flower beds look especially beautiful, on which about 5 varieties of this plant grow nearby.... However, it should be remembered that after flowering, the leaves die off and, so that the site does not lose its presentable appearance, various flowers are planted next to the garlic. They will hide these withered leaves. Plants that bloom in early summer will look just great next to it. The most suitable option are hydrangeas, peonies, delphiniums, irises and others.

Dried buds of this garlic will serve as an excellent element of winter bouquets.

You can also prepare a solution from decorative garlic, which will be an excellent assistant in the fight against a variety of garden pests.

If you dream to please your stomach with delicious food, and your eyes are an incredibly beautiful sight, then decorative garlic is exactly the plant that should be planted on your site... One has only to decide on the varieties, and without much effort you will get an incredible view on your summer cottage.


Dried garlic is one of the most beloved spices all over the world (see photo), without it it is impossible to cook almost any dish.

The history of the origin of garlic dates back to BC, but then this vegetable was used only for medicinal purposes.

Real gourmets and lovers of such a piquant and spicy seasoning can say that garlic not only surpasses all other spices in aroma and taste, but also contains a large amount of minerals, vitamins and amino acids. Some people are confused by the smell of garlic that is present after eating, but there is always a way out. It is enough to eat a small amount of parsley or drink a little milk and the smell will disappear completely.

Various types of dried garlic can be seen on store shelves. It can be granulated, ground, and in the form of flakes. Everyone chooses the option that they like best.

The calorie content of this product is quite high, so it is not recommended to overuse it, so as not to harm your health. According to the documentation, the current gost of dried garlic dates back to 1971 and has not undergone any changes since that time. The table below summarizes the main documented criteria for dried garlic.

Indicator Granulated Powder
Appearance Pieces of various shapes and sizes Powder
Consistency Solid Loose
Taste and smell Exceptionally garlic, no foreign matter and no added odors or tastes
Color Shades from cream to gold Cream


About the plant

Appearance

Depending on the species and region of cultivation, the height can be from 5 cm to 1.5 m. An umbrella with blooms is formed at the top of the trunk. The bulbs are quite small - about 5 mm. They are black or brown in color, and the texture can be smooth or fibrous.

The main difference between decorative and conventional culture is appearance. Decorative varieties have a more aesthetic appearance, so they have a wide range of applications.

Application

This variety can be used in cooking and design. The plant looks spectacular in a flower arrangement or bouquet. Cut flower stalks can stand in a vase for several weeks. Sometimes dried inflorescences are used to create ikebana.

Garlic arrows are used in cooking instead of slices. They perfectly complement a summer salad. It is the arrows of the decorative bow that can often be found in haute cuisine. This garlic is widely used in landscape design.

The decorative look goes well with irises, peonies and hydrangeas. The plant is used as a pest control agent in the garden. On its basis, a solution is made for processing vegetable beds.

Pros and cons of growing

Ornamental varieties have many benefits. The main plus is versatility. The plant can be eaten, used to decorate flower beds or to create bouquets. Other benefits include:

  1. The ability to use an infusion based on garlic for pest control in the garden.
  2. The plant tolerates winter normally. It does not need to be additionally insulated or dug out at the time of the onset of frost.
  3. Garlic has the most simple agricultural technology.

Despite all the advantages, such an ornamental culture has its drawbacks. In some varieties, the leaves may begin to wilt even during flowering, and this spoils the decorative properties. TThis garlic is used in cooking, however, the bulbs themselves are very small.


Bismarckia

Syn .: noble bismarckia, Bismarck's palm.

Bismarckia is a spectacular plant with lush, fan-shaped leaves with a silvery-bluish tint. Perfect for decorating apartments, country houses and offices. Sago groats are made on the basis of palm tree trunks. The taste of the product is peculiar, similar to boiled rice. Bismarckia is cultivated as an ornamental plant.

Table of contents

In medicine

Bismarckia is not included in the State Pharmacopoeia of the Russian Federation and is not used in official medicine, as well as in other medical practices.

Contraindications and side effects

It is categorically not recommended to use bismarck for medicinal purposes.

It is not recommended to take in food products based on bismarckia (sago) in excessive quantities, the daily allowance should not exceed 100 grams. Pregnant, nursing and children are allowed to eat sago only after consulting a specialist.

In crop production

The Bismarck palm is often grown as an ornamental plant, initially in a pot, at home. When it reaches 2-3 meters in height, the plant is planted in open ground. It should be noted that the palm tree needs sunlight, air temperature from 22 to 35 degrees and regular watering. For this reason, palm trees are successfully cultivated in the south.

In dietetics

Starch is extracted from the core of bismarckia's trunks, then sago is prepared on its basis. Sago tastes little different from cooked rice and is low in calories. For this reason, this dish is included in the menu of people whose goal is to lose weight.

In other areas

Bismarckia is widely used on the farm. On the island of Madagascar, in the USA (Florida), bismarckia is a valuable source of starch, which in turn is used for the preparation of tortillas, cereals, and cereals. The most important thing is the preparation of sago groats, which are used for food, as well as for the preparation of feed for pets. Bismarcky sago is exported to many countries around the world.

The trunks and petioles of this culture are used as building material, and the leaves are used for various small crafts and artistic wickerwork (baskets, trays, boxes, snuff boxes, etc.).

Classification

Bismarckia (Latin Bismarckia) is a monotypic genus from the Palm family (Latin Palmaceae). The only species is Bismarckia noble, or Bismarck's Palm (lat.Bismarckia nobilis).

Botanical description

Bismarckia grows from a single gray or yellow-brown trunk with ringed depressions remaining from old leaves. The size of the trunk reaches 45 cm in diameter and up to 80 cm at the convex base. In the wild, the bismarck palm can reach a height of 25 meters. With decorative cultivation, the plant reaches a maximum of 11 meters. The almost rounded hard leaves of Bismarckia at maturity have a span of more than 3 meters in width, leaf segments at the ends are separated. The leaf petioles are 2-3 meters long, armed with thorns and covered with white wax. The palm tree grows very slowly. It can take decades to reach its maximum size. Most cultivated bismarcs have silvery-blue foliage, but green-leaved bismarcs are also found, but they are more susceptible to cold. Small flowers grow on short brownish-purple stems. Fruits are dark brown, ovoid, average size 5 x 3 centimeters. The fruit contains a drupe, which contains only one seed.

Spread

The homeland of Bismarckia is the island of Madagascar. In the wild, the palm grows in the plains of the central highlands, reaching the western and northern coasts, in the savannas among low grass. Bismarckia, along with other drought-resistant palms, is the most colorful representative of the flora of the island of Madagascar. The plant grows well in the tropics and subtropics. They are grown in many parts of the world such as Florida in the USA and Jakarta in Indonesia.

Procurement of raw materials

Sago is made on the basis of the Bismarck palm. For this purpose, it is necessary to choose adult palms that have reached 10-15 years old. Otherwise, the sago will taste bitter. Sago is a cereal made from starch obtained from bismarckia. To make starch, trees are chopped down and then the starch inside the trunk is released. It is washed and rubbed through a sieve, which is located over a hot sheet of metal. Thanks to this, the starch immediately turns into cereals, which can only be dried. Store ready-made cereals in a container with a sealed lid, in order to avoid saturation with extraneous odors. The shelf life is no more than six months.

Chemical composition

It is known that the composition of starch obtained on the basis of bismarckia contains a high content of fiber.

Pharmacological properties

There are no official data on the presence of the pharmacological properties of bismarck.

Application in traditional medicine

To date, bismarckia is not used in folk medicine due to the lack of useful properties.

Historical reference

The bismarck palm is named after the Reich Chancellor, the unifier of Germany, Otto von Bismarck. It is worth noting that the Bismarck palm is the only crop named after a politician.


The history of the appearance of garlic in nutrition

Garlic is a perennial plant from the genus Onion. The Russian name for garlic comes from the Orthodox verb “scratch, pluck,” which meant “split onion”. Garlic looks exactly like an onion split into cloves-cloves.

Central Asia is considered the birthplace of garlic. For the first time, the plant began to be cultivated 5 thousand years ago, back in India.There, garlic was used as a medicinal plant, but they did not eat it - the Indians did not like the smell.

In antiquity, garlic was cultivated by the Romans, Egyptians, Arabs, and Jews. Garlic is often mentioned in mythology and various popular beliefs. With the help of it, they were protected from evil spirits, used to calculate witches. In Slavic mythology, there are stories about "snake grass", with the help of which even a snake cut in half will become whole.

The Czechs hung garlic over the door, and the Serbs rubbed themselves with juice - so they protected themselves from evil spirits, lightning strikes into the house. In Russia, there was a tradition of tying garlic in the bride's braid to ward off spoilage. This plant is mentioned both in the Bible and in the Koran, which speaks of the colossal significance of garlic in the culture of civilizations.

At the present time, Italy, China and Korea are considered the record holders for the consumption of garlic. On average, there are up to 12 cloves per day per capita.


Description of the plant and main characteristics

In nature, there are amazing plants, and one of them - decorative garlic - "brother" to all the familiar ordinary garlic. But unlike him, the bulbs of the decorative are small, but the spherical inflorescences can reach 6-8 cm in diameter.

Ground shoots are narrow, elongated leaf plates reach 25-80 cm (depending on the variety). The width does not exceed 1.5 cm, while in some plants the leaves are erect, in others they are drooping.

Bulbs up to 1 cm in diameter, with grayish or brown cloves. The taste is spicy, rather like a turnip rather than a traditional vegetable. There is a spicy aroma.

On a note! A bitter taste and smell are also characteristic of garlic leaves, peduncles and inflorescences.

Flowers in the form of balls or bells (in some varieties), lilac, blue, purple, white. Sizes vary depending on the variety.

Many are interested in whether it is possible to eat decorative garlic in one form or another. Although the plant is mainly planted in flower beds and in various landscape compositions, gourmets use arrows and teeth in cooking.

It is customary to use tender young leaves, which are added to salads and soups, as a seasoning. Arrows are salted or canned, the cloves are good as an addition to hot dishes and in marinades. According to reviews, canned greens have a rich spicy-pungent taste.

In landscape design, the flower is magnificent in compositions with delphiniums, all kinds of annuals, with hydrangea. When planting, take into account that from the stage of ejection of the peduncle, the leaves of the plant begin to fade. Therefore, it is advisable to plant bushes of other colors next to each other in order to disguise the yellowing garlic rosettes.

Culture looks beautiful in large groups, in combination with medium-sized plants in rockeries, mixborders, on an alpine slide in a Chinese, Japanese-style garden. From dried balls of inflorescences make up bright winter bouquets.


In folk medicine

The giant Egyptian garlic onion is widely used for the preparation of folk remedies. For medicinal purposes, it is most often customary to use tincture and alcohol extract from the plant.

Alcohol tincture
To prepare an alcoholic tincture, which helps in the treatment of a number of diseases, the garlic of rocambol is grated or passed through a garlic dish and poured with 500 mg of vodka.

Then the product is infused in a dark place for a month. The finished tincture is used to normalize the pressure, 15–20 drops diluted in a glass of warm milk, 3-4 times a day. This recipe will also help relieve an asthma attack.

To relieve the symptoms of sore throat and stomatitis, 10 drops of the product are diluted in a glass of water and rinsed several times a day.
To cleanse the vessels, it is necessary to take a solution 3 times a day, one teaspoonful before meals.

Body protection
In order to increase the body's defenses and increase vitality, it is necessary to pour the rocambolle onion chopped into gruel with the juice of 4 lemons and leave for exactly one day.
Then take 1 tablespoon of the product daily in the morning, after dissolving it in 100 ml of water.

Toothache
If you are concerned about a toothache, the clove of the plant can be applied to the diseased tooth. After a short period of time, a significant improvement is felt.

With a runny nose
To facilitate breathing with a runny nose, it is useful to breathe with essential oil or alcoholic infusion of Spanish garlic.
To get rid of the wart, it must be lubricated daily with rockambol juice until it disappears completely.

It should be remembered that it is necessary to use Rocambol in moderation. If you have any doubts or side effects, it is recommended that you seek the advice of your doctor immediately.

It is also necessary to take into account that it is advisable to use folk remedies only as an adjunct to essential medicines.


Watch the video: What is the best food to eat You become what you eat. Part2 - Swami Mukundananda


Previous Article

Rowan

Next Article

Cintia