Citrus plant care - watering and feeding, lighting and air


Houseplants

So, let's continue the conversation. Who has not read the first part of this article - we recommend it. Features of citrus care include seemingly simple rules. But not everyone adheres to them. Therefore, for maximum effect and better plant growth, certain conditions must be maintained for the full development of citrus plants.
Let's break them down point by point. So.

Citrus care rules

Fresh air

Citrus plants do not develop well in rooms where the air is dry by heating, where it is never ventilated, and there is no sun.

Watch the video about Citrus fruits. Visual information is always helpful. Look...

It is best to put a citrus flower pot near the window, but not in a draft. To make the lemon or tangerine feel good, ventilate the room. In good weather, the flower can be taken out to the balcony or veranda.

If the house is dry, it is better to immediately think about how you will humidify the air. Otherwise, the flowers will fall off even in the buds, you will not wait for the fruits, and the leaves will turn yellow and fly around.

Shine

Most citrus fruits prefer the sunny side. Of course, direct rays for the plant are destructive (it can get burns on the leaves), but diffused sunlight is exactly what citrus fruits are used to.

If your apartment does not have east or south facing windows, do not despair either. Simply, when choosing which type of citrus to grow, choose lemon or citron. They are the most shade-tolerant and will grow wonderfully even near a north-facing window. I would even say that it is generally better not to place lemon and citron on the south side.

Watering citrus

We suggest reading the third part of the article - transplanting, reproduction and pruning of citrus fruits. Opens in a new window. To read...

All types of citrus plants love abundant watering. But this does not mean that the plant needs to be poured. It's just that the soil substrate should not dry out.

The water should be as soft as possible: settled, and possibly strained (if you have water with impurities in your water supply). It is necessary to defend water for at least a day. Chlorinated and hard water in plants can turn yellow and fall off the leaves.

Citrus fruits also require frequent spraying. To do this, also use settled soft warm water.

Top dressing

Since citrus fruits are inhabitants of the tropics, they quickly deplete the earth, making reserves of minerals and trace elements. When an active growing season begins (from the end of winter - beginning of spring), it is imperative to start feeding the plant. You can use both organic and liquid mineral fertilizers. You need to feed until autumn.

Of the unusual organic fertilizers, flower growers often use beer to feed citrus fruits. They even spray or lightly wipe the leaves with it. They say they shine from it. It seems to me that if this "fertilizer" is taken into service, then it is better to choose non-alcoholic beer.

They are also fed with used tea leaves. But the main thing here is not to overdo it, so that insects do not start in the soil.

Priming

Above, I already mentioned that for citrus plants you need to make a mixture of garden soil and river sand. A substrate of humus (1 part), sod land (3 parts) and sand (1 part) is also suitable. But if you do not have these components, just use a light nutritious soil that is good for air and water permeability. The shops sell citrus soil. Again, be sure to use good drainage.

Literature

  1. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Houseplants


Azalea care

Azalea may require more careful care and strict adherence to all the rules for keeping at home.

This indoor flower is a highly branching shrub, growing in height from 30 cm to 1.5 m. The leaves are lanceolate, ovate, pubescent on both sides. It blooms with beautiful bright double and simple flowers, red, pink, orange, yellow, with a pleasant aroma.

With the appropriate selection of varieties (early, middle, late), as well as observing the care of the azalea, you can achieve continuous flowering from November to May. Duration of flowering up to 3 months. In addition, indoor azalea can bloom at other times, it all depends on the conditions of home maintenance and care.

  • early flowering (November-December),
  • medium flowering (end of December-February),
  • late flowering (February-early May).

The plant is often grown as a horticultural crop in regions with mild and humid climates. It blooms profusely with small (up to 3 cm in diameter) flowers of various colors.


Brief description of cultivation

  1. Bloom... As a rule, from the last days of October to March.
  2. Illumination... The light is diffused, but bright.
  3. Temperature regime... In the summertime - 20-25 degrees, and in winter - 10-14 degrees.
  4. Watering... Use the bottom watering method. During the flowering period, watered abundantly, and the soil mixture should be slightly damp all the time. When the flowering is over, a gradual reduction in the frequency and abundance of watering is carried out, and after the foliage is completely dry, the soil mixture is moistened only so that it does not dry out completely.
  5. Air humidity... It should be tall. Before the buds appear, the cyclamens should be systematically moistened with warm water from a sprayer. And after the buds are formed during flowering, the plant, along with the flower pot, is placed on a tray filled with wet pebbles.
  6. Fertilizer... From the moment the foliage appears and until the formation of buds, the flower is fed once every 4 weeks with a complex fertilizer for decorative deciduous plants. And after the buds are formed and until the end of flowering, feeding is carried out the same way once a month, but for this, fertilizer is used for flowering indoor plants.
  7. Dormant period... As a rule, in May – June.
  8. Transfer... The plant is transplanted every year immediately after the foliage appears on the tuber.
  9. Soil mixture... Peat, humus and sand are taken in one part, and leafy soil - from 2 to 3 parts.
  10. Reproduction... Tubers and seed method.
  11. Harmful insects... Grape weevils and cyclamen mites.
  12. Diseases... Gray rot. Also, problems with the plant can arise if it is improperly looked after or if optimal conditions for growth are not provided.
  13. Properties... The tubers of such a plant contain poisonous juice, it can cause diarrhea, vomiting and seizures.


Types of citrus indoor plants

For home cultivation of citrus fruits, breeders have developed a number of ornamental varieties, of which tangerines and lemons are the most popular. Grapefruits and oranges are too tall for indoor cultivation and require a lot of heat and light, which can only be provided in a specially equipped greenhouse.

The most unpretentious type of indoor citrus is lemons. Almost 200 years of experience in their cultivation has led to the emergence of many varieties that grow well and bear fruit with easy care.

Mandarin

The indoor tangerine tree is smaller than the lemon tree, but much more productive. With proper care, it bears numerous benefits.

The most common tangerine variety for home cultivation is unshiu. (included in the group of Satsuma varieties bred in Japan). Its pluses:

  • survives low temperatures better than other citrus fruits
  • does not require a lot of sunlight
  • ripens quickly.

Indoors, unshiu grows up to 1.5 m in height. Pollination is not necessary for fruit formation. Trees older than 3 years bear fruit, usually this period occurs at the end of October. The fruits weigh about 70 g.

In addition to unshiu, other varieties of indoor tangerines are also grown in Russia. Some of them:

  • Willow - up to 2 m high.
  • The varieties of the Vasya group are the result of Japanese selection, undersized (no more than half a meter) trees.
  • Nobils is a variety that is called royal for the largest of the domestic tangerines, the size of the fruit.
  • Nova - bred by American breeders. One of the best varieties for indoor growing. For effective fruiting, it requires formative pruning and the removal of underdeveloped fruits.

Orange

Without sufficient experience in growing citrus fruits, it is very difficult to achieve fruiting of a homemade orange. There are few indoor species of this culture:

  • The most common variety is Washington Nail. (the so-called "umbilical"). These varieties produce the sweetest and largest fruits compared to other home-grown varieties. The name of these indoor citrus fruits comes from a trace that resembles a navel. This is an undeveloped fruit, slightly protruding from the peel of the first - developed.
  • Sorts of "red" oranges produce smaller fruits with very juicy red pulp. it Doblefina, Temple, Tomango varieties. Valencia, Paron Brown and others.

There are no low-growing varieties of this culture, and trees more than two meters in height are not very suitable for standard apartments and houses.

Lemon

The most common citrus pot plant. Among the varieties of indoor lemons are popular:

  • Meyer's lemon - a dwarf variety, with fruits that are very sour in taste. It blooms several times a year.
  • Pavlovsky - one of the best for home growing. A mature tree bears up to 60–70 fruits.
  • Maikop - a very productive and hardy variety of folk selection.
  • Genoa - rare homemade variety with edible peel fruits
  • Ponderosa - a hybrid of lemon and pomelo with fruits weighing up to a kilogram.

Varietal lemons are early ripening and unpretentious, gaining no more than one and a half meters in height.

Hybrids

Citrus crops easily interbreed with each other, which gives room for the imagination of breeders. It is difficult to list all the hybrids available today that are suitable for home cultivation.

  • Calamondin (citrofortunella) - hybrid variety of fortunella and mandarin. It is a bush up to a meter high. The variety is, first of all, decorative, since numerous small orange fruits look beautiful against the background of dark greenery, but the taste is rather bitter.
  • Clementine - a "mixture" of orange and tangerine. The fruit is similar in appearance to tangerines, but sweeter in taste.
  • Limequat, or limonella, - bred by crossing the Japanese kumquat and the Mexican lime. The fruit is similar to lemons, with a bittersweet pulp and bitter skin.

In wide cultivation there are also varieties orangevat (a hybrid of kumquat and orange) and mineola (obtained from crossing a mandarin and grapefruit).


Basic rules for caring for indoor plants in summer

Summer watering and spraying

Summer heat increases evaporation, which occurs with the help of flowers and foliage, and the earth clod dries up much faster. And with a lack of moisture, there is a complete violation of the circulation of all nutrients contained in plants.

If you do not follow the regularity of watering, the plant can not only stop its development, but also die. However, do not over-moisten the soil, it is important to take into account that, depending on the surrounding conditions, the amount of water required for irrigation can vary significantly. For example, if it is too hot and sunny during the day, then some of the flowers will need to be watered a couple of times a day. Water can only be used well settled. However, with a decrease in temperature and the onset of rainy days (which means with an increase in air humidity), there should be less water for irrigation.

You do not need to start watering if the soil is still sufficiently moist, it is not difficult to determine this, you just need to carefully pierce the ground with your finger (about 1 cm). Having felt the dryness of the earth, you can safely take up water procedures. Small pots can be lifted slightly to check if the soil is dry underneath.

Abundant watering (at any time of the day) and regular spraying, that is, additional moisture, requires the following houseplants:

  • Agave room.
  • Indoor maple or abutilon (especially during the period of its most active flowering, with insufficient soil moisture, beautiful flowers will begin to crumble).
  • Agapanthus.
  • Azalea indoor. Picky in growing pet, in the summer, requiring frequent soil moisture and spraying.
  • Allamanda.
  • Alokazia loves water procedures, to which one can safely include wiping the leaves with a damp cloth or sponge.
  • Home doctor aloe, in the summer also turns into a "water bread", but it is better not to spray the leaves, otherwise they may dry out.
  • Anthurium is a plant that loves frequent hydration of foliage, as well as watering, its soil should always be moist.
  • Achimenes flower.
  • Vanka is wet or indoor balsam. Watering and spraying it is necessary more often, liquid stagnation in the pan is unacceptable.
  • Geranium or Pelargonium.
  • Gloxinia.
  • Jasmine.
  • Calla or calla.
  • Primrose or primrose.
  • Oleander.
  • Orchid (especially during flowering).
  • Cassia.
  • Rose flower.

Moderately watered and moisturized: adenanthos, adenium, maidenhair, amaryllis, astrophytum, begonia (it can also be put in a tray with peat, which needs to be moistened occasionally), cyclamen, nasturtium, nerine and uzumbar violet, which is better not to be sprayed, because the leaves do not tolerate well humidity. Cover the pot of violets with peat or moss, occasionally sprinkling with water.

Excessive moisture can cause significant harm to such pets as: aglaonema (watering is carried out 2 times a week), geranium (1 time in a couple of days), and chrysanthemum (2-3 times a week).

Spraying is especially useful in summer, and plants such as: dracaena, dieffenbachia, arrowroot, ivy, ferns, philodendrons and ficuses are famous fans of water spray that should not be cold. Also, many plants will benefit from a warm shower a couple of times a week, which will not only moisturize, but also wash away the dust from the leaves.

If a transplant is to be carried out during this period, it is important to monitor the soil moisture for the first few weeks, this should be done for the rapid penetration of roots into the substrate, namely, outside the coma of earth with which the house plant was transplanted. Excessive moisture, as well as dryness, can interfere with this important process.

Top dressing of plants in summer

An important point of care during the hot period is feeding, which should be regular. In the summer, this procedure can be carried out a couple of times a month, it all depends on the growth of the plant. Abundantly flowering pets should usually be given more time and attention, feeding them once a week. When applying liquid mineral fertilizers, it is important to adhere to the instructions, which can always be found on the packaging. Usually it is customary to use ammonium or potassium nitrate, potassium salt and superphosphate.

A strong concentration of fertilizer can be detrimental to the root system, so for small pets, you should first use half the dose and gradually increase it to what you need. In the event that the pet has recently been transplanted into a ready-made substrate containing various types of long-acting fertilizers, feeding is not yet needed.

During the flowering period, pets need an additional portion of fertilizers, for this purpose it is better to use products in which phosphorus-potassium components prevail. Some of the plants have leaves after flowering, then you will need to change the fertilizer to another, with a high nitrogen content.

Required temperature conditions and ventilation

It is known that all vital processes of each specific plant species are carried out under a specific thermal regime. Experts noted that photosynthesis is noticeably accelerated at elevated temperatures in plants from the tropics and subtropics, as well as in pets originating from temperate latitudes. In general, almost all pets tolerate heat and light well, but it would not hurt to protect them from direct sunlight.

Some plants prefer moderate temperatures, and at elevated temperatures they can die, these are: azalea, amaryllis, gloxinia, jasmine, camellia, primrose, violet and many others.

Others, on the contrary, feel great in the heat: aloe, all kinds of cacti, money tree, zephyranthes and hippeastrum, palms and ficuses.

Peperomia is dull-leaved variegated. © Jennifer's Mentionables

Drafts are the enemy of many pets, so you can't place pots with them in places that are easily blown through. When airing, take the following flowers out of the room (you can also close the door tightly): passionflower, croton, dieffenbachia, dracaena, Benjamin's ficus. At the same time, fresh air for plants is simply necessary in the summer; many experts advise taking them out to balconies and loggias.

Summer lighting

Light-loving pets are the most unpretentious in maintaining the house, they can always be put on the windowsill, without fear that they will get sick from warm sunlight, from time to time to water, feed, in general, take care of properly and everything will be fine. Spring and summer are their favorite period, they often bloom richly and grow rapidly. Begonia, geranium and Kalanchoe love bright light and do not require special care, which is why they are so loved by many. One drawback of these pets, it is undesirable to place them on the northern side of the premises, otherwise their growth will stop, the leaves will fall off and soon they will simply wither away.

Hibiscus, cacti, gardenias, bells, oleander, date palms and citrus fruits thrive in the southern part of the premises, but their foliage should be protected from burns.

But many plants prefer shade more, so it is better to keep them in a darkened room in summer: asparagus, clivia, ruscus, aspidistra, tradescantia, some ferns and some others.

Caring for dormant plants in summer

Oddly enough, but in the summer, some of the plants rest, therefore, having noticed that the pet has dropped the foliage, do not rush to throw it away, but rather put it in a warm, shaded place, and from time to time do not forget to water it.

Such unique ones include cyclamen, which at the end of June it is advisable to transfer to an open balcony and put in the shade, because in July it will begin to wake up and release leaves, at the same time an urgent transplant is needed. The period of activity in cyclamen falls on the autumn-winter period.

Pruning and garter

Periodic garter and pruning are mandatory procedures, after which the plants release side shoots, acquiring a more decorative look. For example, all curly and penetrating pets need such events; to give them a pretty shape, they need to periodically trim the tops. It is better to do this with a sharp knife or razor.

Rapidly growing curly flowers need strong props, but tying them too tightly is not recommended, as growth from this can noticeably deteriorate.

Pest control

In the summer, all plant pests lead an extremely active lifestyle, so it is important to check the pet's leaves every day to see if insects have settled there. Their timely recognition and elimination will save flowers from death and disease. The most common of the parasites are thrips, spider mites, whitefly, scale insects and mealy blacknecks.

To combat them, various means are used - insecticides or folk recipes.


Briefly, it can be described as a low indoor palm tree. However, contrary to popular belief that the flower is small, there are also tall varieties found in the wild. The plant has a stiff, thickened trunk, on which long, narrow and pointed leaves are located. On their surface along the entire length there are veins of different colors. Flowering is almost imperceptible, the buds are small, light shades.

Dracaena is famous for a huge variety of varieties and varieties.


Disease and pest control

With proper care, the plant does not suffer from diseases. Due to waterlogging, fungal diseases can develop. Compliance with agricultural techniques and proper watering will be able to prevent their occurrence. To prevent damage by pests, calibrachoa should be sprayed with compounds against them once every 2 weeks. You can buy them at any gardening store.


Watch the video: How to Grow Citrus Trees in Pots


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