Detailed description of the tomato variety Dubok


For those who are looking for a high-yielding variety, unpretentious in cultivation, which does not require additional care, the Dubok tomato variety is the best choice. Description, characteristics of this tomato variety are fully discussed in the article. An additional advantage of this type of tomato is that it can be grown on a windowsill without much difficulty.

Description and characteristics of the tomato Dubok

This variety of tomatoes was bred back in the USSR. It is recommended to grow it outdoors in Moldova, Ukraine and southern Russia. For the northern regions, it is recommended to grow this variety in greenhouses. Refers to varieties of early ripening.

The ripening period is 95-100 days. The bush is undersized, no more than 70 cm in height. The bush is formed into 2-3 stems. Does not require a garter and the obligatory removal of processes. During the flowering period, 5-6 inflorescences are formed, giving an ovary. With proper care, from 1 sq. meter, you can collect from 6 to 8 kg of fruit.

Fruits are small in size, rounded, slightly ribbed. The color is bright red. Fruit weight 50-100 gr. The skin is firm but not tough. The pulp is juicy, fleshy, with few seeds. The taste is slightly sour. This variety is self-pollinated.

If tomatoes are grown in a room, artificial pollination must be performed. To do this, the bushes must be gently shaken.

Advantages of the variety

Oak has a number of advantages such as:

  • excellent taste;
  • good productivity;
  • immunity to disease;
  • simultaneous ripening of tomatoes;
  • the ability to independently obtain seeds;
  • excellent presentation; good transportability;
  • versatility of application.

Seed preparation and seedling growing

Before sowing, seeds must undergo certain training:

  1. The selection of seeds suitable for sowing occurs by soaking them in a saline solution. Seeds that have risen to the surface are thrown away, since they are not suitable for planting. We wash well those that have settled to the bottom;
  2. We soak for 20 minutes in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection;
  3. We process it with a growth stimulant;
  4. We spread the processed seeds on damp gauze for germination. Care must be taken to keep the gauze always moist;
  5. We carry out the hardening procedure. We put the seeds in a rag bag or napkin and place in the refrigerator for 24 hours.
  6. We warm up for 5 hours at a temperature of 24 degrees.

For growing seedlings, it is better to use ready-made soil, although this variety is unpretentious to the soil. You must first pour it with a hot solution of strong manganese. Deepen the seeds by 0.5 cm. sprinkle on top with a thin layer of soil, do not compact.

Moisten the soil with a spray bottle, cover with glass and leave in a well-lit room with a temperature of 23 degrees. When the first shoots appear, remove the glass and arrange additional round-the-clock illumination with fluorescent lamps.

The optimum temperature for seedlings is 18-20 degrees. Watering the seedlings is necessary as the soil dries out.

If you have 2 sheets, you need to transplant the plants into separate containers. During the period of growth of seedlings, top dressing must be applied twice.

Carry out the first feeding one week after transplanting the seedlings. For these purposes, you can use an ash solution or fermented mullein. The second top dressing is applied 14 days after the first one. Before transplanting plants to open beds, aged seedlings must be hardened.

At the time of hardening, the seedlings should be 50-55 days old. To do this, the daytime temperature is lowered to 17 degrees, and the nighttime to 12 degrees. If the seedlings have 3-4 leaves, plant them in open ground.

Planting a tomato in open ground

Seedlings are planted in open beds in late April or early May after the spring frosts have passed. Plants should be planted in open, well-lit beds. Good predecessors for this variety are cabbage, cucumbers, onions, carrots.

The distance between the bushes should be 50 cm, and between the rows 60 cm. Do not plant seedlings densely. For 1 sq. meter you can plant no more than 6 bushes. The bush is formed into two trunks.

Watering the plants should be moderate but plentiful. Watering is best done in the evening, the water for irrigation should be warm.

To get a good harvest, plants need to be fertilized periodically. For feeding, it is good to use fertilizers mixed in this proportion:

  • water — 10 liters;
  • ash - 250 grams;
  • superphosphate - 50 grams;
  • fermented mullein - 2 liters.

This top dressing must be applied to the soil every 20 days. After watering, it is necessary to loosen to prevent moisture stagnation and give oxygen access to the root system. A mandatory care measure is the removal of weeds that shade plants and pull nutrients from the soil.

Diseases and pests

Tomatoes of this variety are highly immune to diseases. For prevention purposes, it is recommended to treat plants with phytosporin.

Can be attacked by pests such as:

  • naked slug;
  • Colorado beetle;
  • white scoop;
  • aphid.

To combat aphids, it is necessary to treat the bushes with an ash solution or a solution of laundry soap. Copper sulfate is used to combat other pests.

Harvesting

The fruits ripen in 90-100 days from the moment of planting. The harvest begins from July to late autumn. When collecting tomatoes for storage, you must adhere to these recommendations:

  1. It is necessary to collect the fruits when they reach maturity;
  2. Remove the stalk and carefully put the tomatoes in boxes;
  3. To keep the tomatoes longer, you need to wrap them in paper;
  4. Each box should contain no more than three layers;
  5. The layers must be repaired with dry hay, or sprinkled with sawdust (this will make it possible to transport the fruits without deteriorating their presentation).

The Dubok variety has earned the love of farmers for its unpretentiousness, high yield and disease resistance.

Once you have planted this variety on your site, you will definitely allocate a garden for it for many more years.


Tomato variety Dubok (Dubrava)

Varietal tomatoes are always superior to hybrid tomatoes in taste, but their resistance to various diseases is not high enough. This is exactly what breeders are working on, instilling good immunity in varietal plants. At the Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Federal Scientific Center of Vegetable Growing" they have created a wonderful tomato, which is now known as Dubok. But at the beginning of its history, it bore a different name - Dubrava, it was under it that the novelty was entered into the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation in 1997. The variety is approved for growing in two regions - Central (Smolensk, Bryansk, Tula, Vladimir, Kaluga, Moscow, Ryazan, Ivanovo regions) and Volgo-Vyatka (Republics of Mari El, Udmurt and Chuvash, Perm Territory, Nizhny Novgorod, Kirov, Sverdlovsk regions) ... The variety is recommended for growing outdoors in garden plots, in private and small farms.


Characteristics of the Dubok tomato

Tomato Dubok has a description that is in many ways similar to the characteristics of the Krasnodar Keg tomato.

It is also a standard early ripening variety, characterized by low growth. According to the photo, the bushes at the beginning of fruit formation are almost identical. The variety is not a hybrid. The period from planting to harvesting is 85-105 days.

Tomatoes Dubok description of the culture and its features:

  1. The bushes are very compact, strong and vigorous, with a moderate number of leaves, have little branching, and are 35-60 cm in height.
  2. The bushes are shaped like potato bushes, which can be seen in the photo.
  3. These tomatoes require no support.
  4. Branches bearing inflorescences are located every 1-2 leaves, starting from the 6th leaf.
  5. 5-6 inflorescences are formed on the main stem.

This crop is highly resistant to the most common tomato diseases:

  • late blight of stem, leaf, fruit
  • bacterial stains
  • verticillosis.

The main characteristic of this garden plant is its very high yield. It is 7 kg per square meter, and under very favorable growing conditions and subject to the formation of 3-4 bush stems - up to 8 kg. Those who planted such a crop in conditions of balcony cultivation claim that the description of the variety is completely true.

  1. The fruits have an excellent sweet taste with a piquant sourness.
  2. Contains high levels of vitamin C.
  3. The fruit is large and round, slightly ribbed and flattened, bright red, not prone to cracking.
  4. The weight of a tomato is 70-120 g, and its pulp is tender, fleshy, does not contain many partitions, the seeds in the fruits are few.

Tomatoes are intended both for consumption in their raw unprocessed form and for processing. They are excellently used for pickling, pickling, and also better than others for the manufacture of concentrates, since the proportion of dry matter is 6%.

Advantages of the variety

Tomato Dubok has many advantages

The Dubok tomato variety has the following advantages:

  • cold resistance
  • drought tolerance
  • resistance to most diseases
  • unpretentious care
  • good tolerance to weather fluctuations
  • simultaneous achievement of ripeness by fruits
  • long-term storage
  • excellent transport portability
  • versatility of fruit use
  • excellent taste.

Reviews of gardeners growing this variety say that there are no particular drawbacks. This is what led to the growing popularity of these tomatoes in different regions, with different climatic conditions.


Characteristics of the variety of tomatoes Dubok

Oak is an early ripening tomato. It takes about three months from the first friendly shoots to the receipt of bright, rounded fruits. Depending on the weather, this period can be shortened to 85 days or extended by 100–105 days. The variety is fruitful, in terms of the yield of fruits, it exceeds the recognized standards in all major regions. In the Central regions, 133–349 c / ha are harvested, in the Volga-Vyatka region, the yield of the variety reaches 224–551 c / ha, and the maximum yield of Dubok tomato falls on the Republic of Mari El (551 c / ha).

If you provide the tomato bushes Dubok with the necessary lighting and moisture, you can get an excellent harvest of strong early tomatoes.

The variety does not need tying and pinching. However, during the ripening of the fruit, it is better to support the shoots so that they do not break under the weight of the harvest.

This tomato does not react to temperature changes. Although the vegetative mass is sensitive to late blight, the fruits ripen earlier, so they manage to get away from it and do not get sick.

Advantages of the Dubok tomato variety:

  • unpretentiousness,
  • compactness,
  • early maturity,
  • yield,
  • fruit tolerance to late blight.

There are no pronounced shortcomings in this variety. You can find fault with the taste, but for the summer resident, his tomatoes are always the sweetest.

Ripe fruits of the Dubok tomato have a classic shape, are tasty fresh and are easy to prepare


Growing features

Oak is grown both in the traditional seedling method and by sowing in the ground. In the second case, fruiting will come about two weeks later. The question arises, why sow an early tomato into the ground if it ripens simultaneously with the "ordinary" ones? If it is not possible to place seedlings in the house, I think the answer is obvious.

Landing dates

In Siberia, the Urals and Central Russia, seedlings are prepared from the first ten days of March, in the south it is possible at the beginning of the month. Transplanting seedlings into open ground in the Moscow region is carried out in the second half of May - early June, in Siberia and the Urals - closer to mid-June (the threat of frost persists until June 10), in the southern regions - from late April to mid-May.

In the Northwest, in heated greenhouses, tomatoes are sown with dry seeds at the very end of February - early March. Temperature regime during the day - 20-25 ˚C, at night - 15-16 ˚C. In early May, seedlings are transplanted into open ground on beds covered with spunbond.

For growing in a pot culture, planting timing is not important.

Planting methods for tomato Dubok

The variety can be grown in seedlings and seedlings as well as indoor tomatoes.

Sowing seedlings

Seedlings are grown traditionally:

  1. The seeds are soaked in a growth promoter.
  2. Sow in a box or special containers.

It is better to sow tomatoes for seedlings in special containers with separate containers for each seed

During the pick, it is important not to damage the roots of young plants.

Oak seedlings are planted in open ground according to the scheme 50 × 50 cm or 30 × 30 cm. On 1 m 2 from 4 to 6 plants are placed. Paths 50 cm wide are left between the rows for ventilation and comfortable walking.

According to a study of the Dubok variety, which was carried out by scientists from the Perm Agricultural Academy, the maximum yield (8.0-10.2 kg / m2 with fruit marketability of 97-98% - data from the magazine "Perm Agrarian Bulletin" No. 2 for 2017) was obtained from seedlings at the age of 50-60 days.

Sowing with seeds in the ground

The approximate time for sowing seeds in the Middle Lane, in the Urals and in Siberia falls on the beginning of May (in the southern regions they sow at the end of April). Procedure:

    A high bed is prepared - with wooden or earthen sides about 30 cm high: wood waste, grass waste, compost, humus are laid on the bottom in successive layers, and the top is covered with fertile soil with a layer of 20 cm.

It is important to correctly arrange all the elements of a warm bed so that it really warms thermophilic tomatoes

Until the seeds hatch, you can also use one and a half liter bottles for a mini-greenhouse (in the absence of strong winds), and after the emergence of tomato seedlings, it is better to replace them with five-liter bottles so that the plants are not crowded

Potted oak

Oak is also grown in a pot culture with a container volume of 5–8 liters. Tomatoes are a self-pollinating crop, but in nature, pollen from the stamens gets to the pistil with the help of the wind and insects. Therefore, at home you have to help flowers manually in any way:

  • blow off with a fan from a distance of 1.5–2 m
  • tap your finger, stick on a flower twig
  • use a pollen brush

You can use a brush to pollinate the tomato.

Tomatoes are pollinated from 9 to 11 o'clock, while the pollen is most viable.

Video: growing a tomato in a pot

Tomato care Dubok

Fertilization - nettle infusion (2/3 of fresh nettle per barrel of water), mullein (1:10) or chicken manure (1:20) increases the yield. Top dressing is carried out every 20 days. According to gardeners' reviews, Oak tree can grow without additional fertilizing if planted in fertile soil.

This year (2017) in May the nights were cold - up to 0 ˚C, or even lower, and we had to plant the seedlings and leave them for 2 months. That is, no one weeded the tomatoes, did not pinch them, did not spray them for the ovary or for late blight (by the way, both were not required in previous years). Watered them in a week or two. Despite such wild conditions, there is a harvest.

SKLana

https://otzovik.com/review_5208443.html

The value of the Dubok (Dubrava) tomato lies in its unpretentiousness and amicable, early fruiting. Despite the early maturity, tomatoes of this variety are tasty and sweet, of course, subject to sunny and warm weather. From them you can make a vitamin salad or prepare for the winter.


Tomato Dubok: variety description

Tomato Dubok belongs to early ripening varieties and has a short ripening period of fruits - about 85 days. Externally, it is represented by undersized (about 0.4-0.5 m) bushes with undeveloped branching.The first inflorescence is formed on plants above the sixth leaf, and the subsequent ones - through one leaf. The main stem grows from 4 to 6 inflorescences, each of which gives the same number of fruits. It is not a hybrid and does not have hybrids of the same name.

Ripe tomatoes are rather small (about 50-100 g) and rounded (sometimes flattened) with a slight ribbing. The peel of ripe fruits is quite dense and almost never cracks. The pulp of ripe tomatoes is very fleshy, there are few seeds. Gardeners especially note the taste of the fruit: they are sweet, juicy, sometimes sour. They are consumed both fresh and canned (even whole).

If you plant a crop on a site with the most suitable climatic conditions and strictly follow the rules of agricultural technology, the tomato yield can reach 6-8 kg per square meter. meters. Moreover, it is possible to grow a culture not only in the open field, but also at home.

Attention! When grown in indoor conditions, the plant will need artificial pollination, otherwise the harvest is not worth waiting for.

Almost all reviews of gardeners boil down to the fact that the tomato variety Dubok practically has no flaws. Therefore, it is advisable to consider all its advantages:

  • high yield
  • excellent taste
  • immune to most tomato diseases
  • unpretentious care
  • excellent keeping quality and transportability
  • simultaneous ripening of fruits.


Characteristics, description of the variety, photos, reviews

Bred in Russia in our century, the Dubok tomato (the second name is Dubrava) is becoming an increasingly popular variety. The number of his supporters is growing every year. And this is justified: after all, this variety is almost devoid of flaws.

Description of Dubok tomatoes

This early ripe tomato can satisfy even the most demanding taste. And the rules for growing in a balcony, greenhouse or open ground are not complicated.

Characteristics of the Dubok tomato

Tomato Dubok has a description that is in many ways similar to the characteristics of the Krasnodar Keg tomato.

It is also a standard early ripening variety, characterized by low growth. According to the photo, the bushes at the beginning of fruit formation are almost identical. The variety is not a hybrid. The period from planting to harvesting is 85-105 days.

Tomatoes Dubok description of the culture and its features:

  1. The bushes are very compact, strong and vigorous, with a moderate number of leaves, have little branching, and are 35-60 cm in height.
  2. The bushes are shaped like potato bushes, which can be seen in the photo.
  3. These tomatoes require no support.
  4. Branches bearing inflorescences are located every 1-2 leaves, starting from the 6th leaf.
  5. 5-6 inflorescences are formed on the main stem.

This crop is highly resistant to the most common tomato diseases:

  • late blight of stem, leaf, fruit
  • bacterial stains
  • verticillosis.

The main characteristic of this garden plant is its very high yield. It is 7 kg per square meter, and under very favorable growing conditions and subject to the formation of 3-4 bush stems - up to 8 kg. Those who planted such a crop in conditions of balcony cultivation claim that the description of the variety is completely true.

  1. The fruits have an excellent sweet taste with a piquant sourness.
  2. Contains high levels of vitamin C.
  3. The fruit is large and round, slightly ribbed and flattened, bright red, not prone to cracking.
  4. The weight of a tomato is 70-120 g, and its pulp is tender, fleshy, does not contain many partitions, the seeds in the fruits are few.

Tomatoes are intended both for consumption in their raw unprocessed form and for processing. They are excellently used for pickling, pickling, and also better than others for the manufacture of concentrates, since the proportion of dry matter is 6%.

Advantages of the variety

Tomato Dubok has many advantages

The Dubok tomato variety has the following advantages:

  • cold resistance
  • drought tolerance
  • resistance to most diseases
  • unpretentious care
  • good tolerance to weather fluctuations
  • simultaneous achievement of ripeness by fruits
  • long-term storage
  • excellent transport portability
  • versatility of fruit use
  • excellent taste.

Reviews of gardeners growing this variety say that there are no particular drawbacks. This is what led to the growing popularity of these tomatoes in different regions, with different climatic conditions.

Rules for growing tomato Dubok

Heavy and sandy soils are suitable for growing Dubok tomatoes. The soil may not have a high quality of fertility, but it must necessarily contain a sufficient amount of nutrients. These tomatoes are suitable for cultivation in different regions, as they are not demanding on climatic conditions.

The plant is unpretentious, but requires warmth and relatively constant temperature readings. Excessive temperature changes can adversely affect crop growth.

Oak is suitable for growing in the following conditions:

  • in the open field
  • in greenhouses
  • in greenhouses
  • on the balconies.

Seeds are sown, pre-soaked in a dull solution of potassium permanganate, sowing is carried out in March. Before this, the substrate must be disinfected, but you can also use a special soil for planting seeds for seedlings.

Seeds are sown both in the greenhouse and on the balcony, provided there is enough light and heat. The sowing depth is 0.5 cm, the seeds are only slightly covered with earth. Seedlings appear in 6-7 days, at a temperature of 22 degrees.

Seedlings are subject to picking when 2 true leaves appear. After that, the plants are hardened before planting in a permanent place. It is recommended to start hardening plants from 30 minutes outside, and bringing to the whole day. Seedlings need fertilizing with mineral fertilizers, which must be done 2 times.

When planting in a permanent place, the age of the seedlings should be 55-65 days. It should be planted during a period when night frosts are unlikely (late April-May). It is necessary to observe the distance between the rows of 40-50 cm, and between the seedlings in a row - 60-70 cm. It should be borne in mind that after planting in the ground, the leaves of the seedlings may turn slightly yellow.

Variety care rules

Caring for oak grove tomatoes includes the following:

  • watering
  • weeding
  • loosening the soil
  • fertilization
  • hilling.

Adequate watering is a basic requirement for vigorous crop growth. However, immediately after planting the seedlings, watering should be moderate - the plants should not be flooded, and the soil should not be allowed to dry.

Plants need regular watering

Thus, the roots of the plants will quickly harden. It is recommended to water the plants in the evening, not too often, at sunset.

Hilling helps to better form the root system. As a result, the tomato bush becomes stronger, resistant to negative factors, and the yield increases.

It is not at all necessary to remove the stepsons, and this significantly saves the time spent on growing tomatoes. However, some experts advise nevertheless to pinch.

Bush formation rules

The formation of a bush of an oak forest can be as follows:

  • 2 stems
  • 3-4 stems.

Experts recommend leaving only 2 stems, if the soil is not highly fertile and does not contain all the necessary substances, this will help the bush to quickly strengthen and give larger fruits.

The regular use of fertilizers significantly increases the yield of Dubok tomatoes. Top dressing should be done once every 20 days.

Fertilizing the soil

Plant fertilizer is best prepared by mixing the following elements:

  • a bucket of water
  • 1/5 part of a bucket of cow dung
  • 250 g wood ash
  • 50 g superphosphate.

Diseases of the variety

  1. If the lower leaves turn yellow and red streaks appear on them, the plants lack nitrogen. It is recommended to feed with nitrogen fertilizer ("Arteko 15").
  2. If all the leaves curl, turn yellow and are covered with spots, this indicates the absence of zinc in the soil. It should be fed with Zinc Isagri solution.
  3. The rapid yellowing of all leaves is most often stress after a pick. In this case, spraying with Epin liquid will quickly help.

Since the variety demonstrates high resistance to major diseases, more attention should be paid to protecting it from parasites using insecticidal preparations for vegetable crops.

Successful tomato for open ground: Dubok variety

Open field tomatoes of Dubok variety

Transplanting a tomato ("Dubok") part 1

When growing Dubok tomatoes on balconies, it is necessary to artificially pollinate them. To do this, just shake the inflorescences.

Conclusion

The main characteristic and the main difference between the Dubok tomato and all other low-growing tomatoes is its high yield, as well as its unpretentiousness. Taking into account the other advantages of the variety, we can say that the Dubok (Dubrava) variety is ideal for growing in a vegetable garden and commercial fields.


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