Detailed description of the Festivalnaya strawberry variety


Festivalnaya strawberry is a popular garden berry variety, bred back in the 50s of the last century. Despite its age, the variety is still a favorite among many gardeners. Festivalnaya belongs to unpretentious varieties, has a special taste and aroma, as well as a number of other advantages, which are described below.

Description strawberry Festival chamomile

This variety is considered one of the best among medium-ripening strawberries. The variety was bred in the last century by the famous breeder Yu.K. Katinskaya, by crossing of varieties Abundant and Premier.

The plant has tall compact bushes. Peduncles are dense and strong, which allows you to easily keep a fairly rich harvest... They are located almost at the level of the leaves or slightly below. This structure provides the fruit with good ventilation and warming up by the sun. In addition, the berries are perfectly visible, so they are easy to pick. Flowers on the bushes are bisexual.

Fruit ripening occurs at the beginning of July.however, in the northern regions this period occurs later. The variety is distinguished by long-term fruiting. Sometimes the berries can appear until late autumn. The variety has a high and regular yield. The first berries ripen rather large - up to 50 g... Subsequent fruits will be smaller, about 20 g. Their color is deep red, glossy. The shape is conical, slightly flattened, with small grooves.

The pulp is bright pink, medium density, juicy, tender, very pleasant to the taste. The peduncle is easily separated, therefore, when harvesting, the fruits are not injured, they remain dry and clean. One medium-sized berry contains approximately 7% sugar, 1.4% acid, and vitamin C approximately 90 mg... Another distinctive feature is a delicious, pronounced aroma.

The main advantages of the variety:

  • Elegant berries with excellent taste characteristics.
  • High, regular yield, with a long fruiting period.
  • Resistant to frost and droughttherefore it is suitable for growing in different regions.
  • Okay transfers transportation.
  • Rarely exposed diseases.

Of the shortcomings a weak resistance to diseases can be noted - powdery mildew and verticillary wilting.

How to get seedlings of this variety

To get a good harvest, you need to provide quality planting material. It can be purchased from private sellers or from specialized stores. When choosing seedlings, you should pay attention to the following points:

  • The seedling must have at least 3 leaves.
  • Leaves without signs of disease, pest damage and other visible damage.
  • The core is alivenot dry or decayed.
  • Root collar strong enough, without rot and stains.
  • The root system is healthy, not dry, well developed.

You can also get good seedlings yourself.

From seed

For this, seeds are sown in late February and early March. Since they are small and germinate well in light, they must be spread out on the surface of a moistened soil.... To prevent them from falling into the soil, the top layer can be sprinkled with a small layer of sand. Then the container with the seeds must be covered with a foil to keep moisture longer.

Shoots will appear in 10-14 days... When the first two leaves appear on the seedlings, they must be dived. To do this, transplant into a suitable container, well burying the roots into the soil. This must be done carefully. As a rule, plants tolerate picking well.

The seedlings should be lit for most of the day, so it's best to provide additional lighting, even if they are on a windowsill.

In the planting tank, seedlings are grown until mid-June. Then they are transplanted into open ground. The seedlings will yield only next year.

Mustache reproduction

In bushes that bear fruit, the mustache must be removed. Since this takes away their strength, as a result of which the harvest decreases. Therefore, it is recommended to choose individual bushes for growing seedlings, and harvest from the rest. In order for the mustache to grow actively, peduncles are removed from the uterine bushes... For reproduction, a strong healthy bush is selected, on which five antennae must be left.

When a rosette appears on the mustache, it must be fixed to the soil (you can use a wire), deepen it a little, and wait for the roots to appear. It is necessary to separate the seedling from the mother bush when it is already sufficiently rooted.... Harvesting of seedlings for next year is carried out at the end of November. The seedlings are placed in a dark, cool place and stored until early spring.

Preparing the soil for planting

Strawberry is a thermophilic plant that loves the sun. It is not recommended to plant it in too humid places and lowlands.... Shaded areas should also be excluded. In the shade, as a rule, excess moisture is formed, so the plant can be susceptible to fungal diseases.

Strawberries are unpretentious to the type of soil... An exception is too clayey or sandy soil. Such soil can be diluted by adding humus. This will make it richer and looser.

It is not recommended to plant seedlings twice in the same place or beds on which cabbage, tomatoes, potatoes previously grew. A good place will be the soil where carrots, garlic, onions, pumpkin were previously fruitful.

When the area for planting is selected, it should be prepared. The place must be free of weeds, especially from their roots. Then organic fertilizers are applied (chicken manure, cow dung), the site is dug up and leveled.

Planting Festivalnaya strawberries

Plants can be planted in a single-row and double-row method. In the first case, the spacing in the rows is 60 cm, and between the seedlings 20 cm... This planting is recommended for spring-autumn planting. In the first year, the strawberry does not bear fruit, but puts antennae into the space between the rows.

Two-row planting is considered more effective, well suited for the spring. Saplings are located between themselves after 15 cm, between rows - after 30 cm, between ribbons - 70 cm... You can plant bushes together even more densely. This will rid the rows of seedlings that did not bloom in the first year of growth or were exposed to diseases. By removing unusable seedlings, there will be free space for healthy plants.

Planting of this variety is carried out in spring (early April) or autumn (early September). Since Festivalnaya needs a sufficiently moist soil for healthy development, it is not recommended to plant in summer. The optimal root length of seedlings for planting is 8-9 cm.

Before planting, shallow holes or furrows are made, thoroughly moistened. The roots of the bushes need to be well straightened and lowered into the hole in an upright position... Gently sprinkle with earth, tamp a little. Then water again and cover the soil under the bush with a layer of mulch, humus or straw will do. This will prevent a lot of weeds and retain moisture.

Garden berry care

Caring for the Festival bushes is as follows:

  • Watering... It is recommended to carry out it depending on the drying out of the soil. It is better to water in the early morning. As long as there is no color, water in the form of a shower can be poured onto the leaves of the plant. When the color and berries appear, you need to water it under the bush. On hot days, the watering procedure is carried out 2 times a week. With the appearance of fruits, watering is reduced.
  • Weeding and loosening... Weeding should be done as weeds appear. You should not allow severe contamination of the beds, as weeds take nutrients and moisture from the soil. After harvesting weeds, the soil needs to be loosened so that it breathes.
  • Fertilizer... The feeding process is carried out in spring and autumn. It is not recommended to apply fertilizers during the flowering and fruiting period. For feeding, you can use organic matter (cow dung, chicken dung, humus) or special mineral fertilizers that are sold in stores.

Like any cultivated plants, strawberries can be attacked by pests. If this happens, treatment is necessary. Processing can be done before flowering and after harvesting.

Pests

  • Transparent mite... It affects foliage, as a result, the leaves turn yellow, and the berries become small. After harvesting berries, plants need treatment with karbofos.
  • Nematodes... They are located in the foliage and completely affect the bushes. The strawberries stop growing. Such diseased plants need to be removed from the garden.
  • Ants... They spoil the fruits of plants. To remove them, you need to sprinkle the ground near the bushes with soda.
  • Slugs, snails... They love to feast on sweet berries. If there are a lot of them, they can completely destroy the crop. You can deal with them with the help of special purchased drugs. You can also make a fence of thorny branches or shells around the perimeter of the beds. Such an obstacle is difficult for slugs to overcome. Also shellfish are afraid of soda.

For prevention purposes, in the fall, the soil is treated with disinfectants. Timely need to remove dry foliage and control soil moisture.

Diseases

Strawberry diseases include:

  • Powdery mildew... The plant becomes covered with a grayish bloom, the fruits begin to mold. To prevent the disease, you need to spray the bushes with a soda solution before the color begins.
  • Verticillary wilting... Dark spots first appear on the leaves, then the leaves begin to die off. The plant looks withering and soon dies altogether. Infected bushes must be removed from the garden in time and burned so that the disease does not spread.

Also, the care of strawberries includes preparing it for wintering. First of all, the bushes need to be spud. It is better not to do weeding so as not to damage the roots.

Plants winter well under the snow, but if the winters in your area are not snowy, the bushes need to be covered.

For these purposes, suitable: straw, foliage, spruce branches, grapevine. From synthetic materials, you can use agrofibre. Preparation must be carried out even before the onset of frost.

Growing strawberries of the Festivalnaya chamomile variety is a simple process. But still, to get a good harvest of delicious berries, it is necessary to provide the plants with proper care.


Strawberry variety "Festivalnaya" - description and photo, yield, gardeners' reviews

The share of strawberries, or rather garden strawberries, accounts for about 70% of the world's berry production. To date, more than 2 thousand varieties have been bred, and their number is growing every year. Cultivars appear, become popular, but many do not stand the test of time. In the total mass, Festivalnaya strawberry stands out favorably, the description of the variety, photos and reviews of gardeners show that the quality and appearance of its berries is not worse than that of the best samples of world selection.

  1. Breeding history
  2. Description and characteristics of the variety
  3. Bush and shoots
  4. Flowering and fruiting
  5. Strawberry yield
  6. Suitable climatic conditions
  7. Scope of berries
  8. Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
  9. Landing features
  10. Strawberry care
  11. Diseases and pests
  12. Testimonials

Planting and leaving

It is best to dig up strawberry bushes for planting in the fall. But in winter, store them in a cool room. Planting with a bush can occur in early spring or fall. At the same time, it is important not to waste time, but to meet the deadlines exactly. If an autumn planting is chosen, then you need to meet these deadlines - from August 10 to September 25. In this case, it is better to plant a plant after a good rain. You may also be interested in information on how to save a flowering plant from a weevil.

Wet soil is a great environment for garden strawberries. But just make sure that the humidity level is within normal limits.

First you need to dig up the garden and add humus. Then make rows, 5-10 cm deep, place the root system of the bush there. Cover it with earth and tamp it. A distance of 30-40 cm must be maintained between the rows. How ampelous strawberries with pink flowers are planted is described in this material.

The video shows how to plant strawberries:

It must be watered immediately after planting. After moistening, a dry crust may form. To prevent this, you need to crush the wet soil with humus.

How to care. Variety yield

When growing Festival strawberries, you need to pay attention to the fact that the highest quality mustache grows on young bushes. During the period of plant growth, it is necessary to cut off all the whiskers. If this is not done, then they will absorb all the useful elements from the root system. Thus, the fruits themselves will be of poor quality. It is necessary to carry out such activities at the beginning of flowering.

Whiskers from young strawberries are the strongest and most fertile. They appear from May to June. Over the summer, the rosette can fully open and the best peduncles can form. It is from them that you can get a high harvest for the next year.

Before the strawberries form buds, you need to water them once a week. But during flowering, hydration is performed 2 times a week. One bush will take about 5 liters of water.

At the vegetation stage, you need to perform 3-4 feeding using organic matter. You can increase the yield if chicken manure, mullein or herbal infusion with an admixture of superphosphate are used as top dressing. The last feeding is made no later than August. But how to use boric acid in the spring, the information on the link will help you figure it out.

The video shows how to care for planted strawberries:

It is also important to remove weeds between rows in time and carry out weeding. This is how you can improve air circulation to the root system, which will have a positive effect on yields.

Since the Festival Strawberry attracts a sufficient number of parasites, it is important to take preventive measures. Plants such as onions, garlic, and calendula are to be planted between the rows of strawberries. The aroma that comes from them will scare off the main parasites, including the weevil beetle, strawberry and spider mites, thrips. You may also be interested in information on what to feed during flowering.


Testimonials

Gleb, 43 years old, Samara

For a long time I thought that Festivalnaya and Festivalnaya Daisy strawberries are one and the same variety. But, after reading on the Internet, I realized that the varieties are different, although in many respects they are similar. I decided to try both. They ripen almost simultaneously, but in Chamomile, fruiting is more intense and shorter. The berries are smaller, but smoother and more uniform in appearance, and I liked them better in taste: not too sweet, with a pleasant refreshing sourness. In our conditions, these varieties suffer greatly from droughts. If you do not water it at least every other day, the flower stalks are poorly laid and the productivity drops by almost half. With constant care, the yield is very decent - an average of 500 grams per bush.

Evgeniya, 48 years old, Bryansk region

We have been growing Festival chamomile strawberries for more than 10 years. Seedlings were originally bought in a good nursery, and now we use our own, we select the strongest and healthiest. After the autumn planting, young bushes bear fruit abundantly the next season. Good yields are obtained in the next 2-3 years. The berries are not huge and not sugary, the taste is balanced and pleasant, but sour for some. Dense and aromatic, they perfectly set off the sweetness in any pastry desserts, they make fantastic jam.The flower stalks are very strong, withstand the weight of the berries well and they ripen high enough, therefore they remain dry and clean, rarely damaged by gray rot, but you need to handle the strawberry mite.

Rimma, 50 years old, Kharkov

I love the festival chamomile strawberries for their undemanding care, which even a novice gardener can handle, and for their delicious, aromatic berries. Every summer I look forward to when it begins to ripen quickly and amicably. The yield of the variety is stable and high. You can eat plenty of fresh strawberries and make all the winter preparations at once. In my experience, the main thing for her is a suitable level of soil moisture, so we installed a drip irrigation system on the site and mulched the beds with straw. She hibernates well, copes well with sudden changes in temperature, frost and heat.


Festival chamomile is a predominantly medium-sized strawberry.

The berry takes root well in all regions of the country, in the middle and southern lane it gives the earliest fruits - early to mid-June.

Main characteristics

Strawberry Festivalnaya Chamomile does not produce very large fruits, but it has a stable yield.

  • rather tall, but compact bush with medium-sized semi-spreading leaves
  • the presence of a large number of bright green mustache with a beautiful tint
  • the first fruits are medium and large, but there are no giants, the last ones are smaller
  • the size of one fruit can reach up to 40-50 g
  • round, oval or irregular berries
  • fruits without emptiness, with a pronounced strawberry juicy taste
  • sweet and sour taste
  • berry shade shiny bright red
  • suitable for all regions of Russia
  • about 500 g of berries are harvested from one bush
  • many peduncles with bisexual flowers.

Dignity

Strawberry Daisy Festivalnaya is grown by gardeners in all regions of Russia.

The main advantages of the festival Chamomile variety include:

  • excellent frost resistance
  • unpretentiousness
  • long-term fruiting
  • early ripening of fruits
  • rich and sustainable harvest
  • simple and easy reproduction
  • unique taste
  • dense, hard berries that are easy to transport and do not flow
  • excellent drought tolerance
  • perfectly tolerates temperature changes
  • has excellent immunity, so fungi rarely appear on it
  • belong to universal varieties.

The pulp of this variety is dense, so the berries do not flow during transportation.

Disadvantages

There are not many disadvantages of the berry:

  • the plant requires hilling when it comes to planting in open ground
  • there are some types of fungi that strawberries are not protected from - powdery mildew, which leads to verticillary wilting.

If you follow the simple rules for the care of plants, carefully examine them, then the fungus can be avoided. In general, this is an unpretentious variety that will delight you with delicious fruits from year to year.


Similar varieties

Today, a modern analogue of the Festivalnaya variety, Festivalnaya Florida, has been bred. This high-yielding variety is distinguished by its large berries, very similar to those of the old Soviet variety. An improved analogue was developed at the University of Florida. During the famous Strawberry Festival, Festivalnaya Florida won first place in a comparison of all characteristics.

Festivalnaya belongs to mid-season varieties. They are the most productive. Among the garden strawberries that ripen in the middle are Lord, Harvest, Holiday, Mashenka and many others.


Watch the video: Propagating Strawberry Plants From Runners


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