Acantostachis


The herbaceous plant Acanthostachys is quite large and belongs to the bromeliad family (Bromeliaceae). This plant comes from the subtropical and tropical forests of South America.

The name acanthostachis is derived from the Greek words acantha - thorn and stachys - ear.

Such a large perennial plant is rosette; there are numerous thorns at the edges of narrow leaves. Flowers grow from the leaf outlet. For their cultivation, spacious cool rooms, greenhouses or winter gardens are suitable. Suitable for growing as an ampelous plant.

Home care for acanthostachis

Illumination

This plant needs diffused light, while it calmly tolerates slight shading. Protect acanthostachis from direct sunlight, as they can cause burns, resulting in pale brown spots on the surface of the leaves.

Temperature regime

In spring and summer, such a plant feels best at temperatures from 20 to 25 degrees. With the onset of the autumn period, the temperature should be reduced, but this should be done gradually. In winter, move it to a cool place (14 to 18 degrees).

Humidity

High humidity is needed, in this regard, experts advise to regularly moisten the foliage from the sprayer. To do this, use soft water at room temperature.

How to water

In spring and summer, watering should be systematic. With the onset of autumn, watered less, and in winter - moderately and only after the top layer of the substrate dries well. The plant reacts equally badly to the drying out of the earthen coma and to the stagnation of liquid in it. Watered with exceptionally soft water at room temperature.

Top dressing

Top dressing is carried out in spring and summer 2 or 3 times a month. For this, mineral fertilizers are used. In winter, top dressing cannot be applied to the soil.

Transplant features

It is necessary to transplant such a plant if necessary. Due to the fact that in the wild such a plant can grow as an epiphytic one (on trees), a piece of tree bark can also be used when grown indoors. A lump of earth must first be wrapped in sphagnum, and then fixed with wire on the surface of the bark. It is also grown as a potted plant. To do this, a relatively small pot should be filled with an earth mixture consisting of 2 parts of humus, 4 parts of leafy soil, 1 part of small expanded clay and 1 part of the bark of coniferous trees.

Reproduction methods

Can be propagated by side stems, babies, as well as seeds.

First, the seeds are immersed in a weak solution of potassium manganese for a while, and then dried. Sowing is carried out in crushed moss. The container must be closed with glass and placed in a place with a temperature of 20 to 22 degrees. Requires systematic ventilation and humidification from the sprayer. After the first leaves appear, the shelter is gradually removed. Planting in small pots is carried out after the appearance of 2 or 3 leaves.

The lateral baby stalks should be carefully separated from the mother plant. They are treated with charcoal and allowed to dry in the open air. Then they are planted in a substrate consisting of peat, leafy earth and sand. They are placed in a place with a temperature of 20 degrees. Frequent spraying of foliage is needed, and watering is done after the topsoil has dried.

Diseases and pests

The scale insect and mealybug can settle.

The plant, as a rule, is sick due to improper care:

  • There are brownish specks on the tips of the leaves. - low humidity, water the plant with hard water;
  • The leaves dry up - low humidity, water the plant with hard water;
  • Pale brown specks on foliage - a burn left by the direct rays of the sun.

Main types

Acanthostachys pineal (Acanthostachys strobilacea)

This herbaceous rhizome plant is a perennial. In height, it can reach 100 centimeters. Narrow, drooping leaves are part of a loose rosette, and they are painted in a greenish-silver color. There are thorns on the edges. Forms many side shoots, due to which it grows very much. Bloom is observed in July-October. The reddish-orange pineal compound fruit is formed by the fruit. It looks like a pineapple.

Acanthostachys pitcairnioides

This herb is a perennial. Its leaves are colored dark green and have large red thorns at the edges. Blue flowers grow from the base of the leaf rosette.


Growing acanthostachis, features of watering

The author of the article: Pravorskaya Yulia Albinovna, 69 years old
Agronomist, over 45 years of experience in gardening

General features of acanthostachis, origin and care advice, recommendations for transplantation and reproduction at home, diseases and pests, species.

The content of the article:

  1. Growing, watering and care
  2. Self-breeding
  3. Growing difficulties
  4. Views

Acanthostachys belongs to a monotypic genus of representatives of epiphytic plants that settle on the branches or trunks of tall trees. This genus is included in the Bromeliad family, which sounds like Bromeliaceae in Latin and is a fairly popular indoor culture. Acanthostachis can consider the territories of Brazil and Argentina (that is, the lands of South America), where the tropical climate reigns supreme, as its native habitat.

This plant got its name from the merger of two words in Greek: "acantha" and "stachys", which translate as "thorn" and "ear", respectively. This name is associated with the appearance of leaf blades and inflorescences. According to some reports, the genus Akantostachis includes from one to four species represented by bromeliads.

The plant has a herbaceous form of growth and it is a perennial with evergreen foliage. The height can reach meter indicators. In acanthostachis, the leaves are narrow drooping cord-like shoots that taper towards the top. Often their dimensions do not exceed one centimeter in width, but their length approaches a meter. The color of these leaves-shoots is dark emerald, and along the edge there is a thin reddish stripe. Often there is a whitish undertone, as if the leaves are sprinkled with flour. The edge of the leaf plate is decorated with small teeth and is protected by thorns. These spines are located along the entire length of the leaf and are sometimes cast in bloody tones. Their height can be up to half a centimeter. A plant often develops a small number of additional lateral shoots-processes.

The flowering period extends from July to October. At the same time, beautiful inflorescences are formed on acanthostachis, which characterize all varieties of representatives of this family. Flowers emerge from a leaf rosette. As soon as flowering stops, the fruits begin to ripen, in the form of a cone-seed, which in appearance is very similar to the outlines of a pineapple. The color of this fruit is orange-reddish.

Most often, it is customary to grow this exotic plant in large, cool rooms - for example, halls and terraces, as well as conditions of greenhouses or conservatories, may be suitable. Due to drooping leaves, it can be cultivated as an ampelous plant. However, on the territory of Russia, this thorny herbaceous bush is not so loved by flower growers as in the countries of the West.

Acantostachis is not capricious and does not require much effort to grow. And since the plant can lead an epiphytic way of life, then wooden baskets, medium pieces of wood or small pots are used for planting.


Description of citrus fruits as houseplants

Citrus (from Latin Citrus) is the most famous representative of the Pomerantsev subfamily. Home-grown citrus fruits are evergreen trees with a lush green crown.

Some of the features associated with indoor citrus plants:

  • Home-grown fruits may taste differently than the usual store-bought ones.
  • Houseplants are much smaller than those that grow naturally. You can use the formation to influence the size and appearance of the tree or purchase an ornamental variety bred specifically for home growing.
  • Improper cultivation techniques lead to a lack of flowering, and therefore to a lack of fruit.
  • The peculiarity of the citrus root system is that it does not have root hairs, with which the plant usually absorbs water with useful substances. Instead, the mycelium of the soil fungus settles on the roots. Its symbiosis with roots is called mycorrhiza. It dies when dried out, so exotic crops do not tolerate drought or bare roots during transplantation.

Even tall orange or grapefruit trees can be grown from a single seed. For this, any fruit, including a fruit bought in a store, is suitable.


Main varieties and varieties

To determine the choice of asplenium for home cultivation, it is necessary to consider the most popular varieties, to familiarize yourself with their characteristics.

Anticum

Asplenium Osaka stands out for its erect and wavy leaves. They are painted light green. The stems are 1 meter long and 20 cm wide. The fern attracts attention with its domed crown.

Remarkable is the fact that the color of the veins changes depending on their location. Those veins that are closer to the ground are dark green in color, and those closer to the edge are yellow-green or whitish. Asplenium Anticum needs regular watering, it can grow and develop well even in partial shade. It is advisable to place the fern pot on the windowsill of the window, where the sun shines after lunch.

Hairy

The hairy asplenium is distinguished by elongated and narrow fronds, which are formed from numerous oval segments of a light green color. They are located next. Orange spores form on the inner surface of the leaf blades. Their ripening occurs in June-August. The glossy petioles are brown or burgundy.

Gnezdovoy

Asplenium Nidas is distinguished by its compact size and light green color with glossy fronds. The xiphoid leaf plates can be 50 cm long. A feature of the fern is considered to be wavy edges and bright green central veins. The nesting asplenium got its name from the nesting (bucket-like) shape of the socket.

Viviparous

This fern species belongs to terrestrial plants. This airy bush has openwork light green fronds. The dissected leaves have an arcuate curved shape. Brood buds are located on the surface of the plates. After falling off, they quickly take root in moist soil. Viviparous asplenium got its name from the formation of young plants at the tips of the leaves.

Crispy wave

This new cultivar, Asplenium Crispy Wave, forms whole, upright leaves with a corrugated surface. They are painted light green. It was noticed that when growing asplenium Crispi Veive, the air became much cleaner, there were no harmful particles in it. In natural conditions, the height of the fern is 1.2 meters, and in indoor conditions it is only 60 cm.

Onion-bearing

In a herbaceous deciduous fern, triple pinnate leaf plates are formed. They are distinguished by an oblong-triangular shape, in length they grow up to 60 cm, and in width - up to 30 cm. The fronds are painted in a light green color. Straight dark petioles reach 30 cm in length.

Sporangia are located on the inner side of the plates, and on the outer side there are adventitious (brood) buds. It is noteworthy that they begin to germinate on the mother bush. Particularly popular is the onion-bearing asplenium when grown indoors; it prefers rooms with a moderately warm climate.

Scolopendric

Asplenium centipede flower outwardly strongly resembles nesting asplenium. It is also known as deer tongue, leaflet, centipede. In England and Germany, the fern grows wild, but there are many hybrid forms of it. At first, the belt-like plates are directed upwards, but over time they bend in an arc. Asplenium centipede is most often chosen for the design of winter gardens and unheated rooms.

South asian

In this epiphyte, fronds are distinguished by a leathery surface, they are solid, with wavy edges. They are 20 cm wide and 1.5 meters long. The central vein is highlighted in purple. The funnel-shaped rosette is quite dense and narrow. The main root is covered with scales and forms many tangled adventitious roots. The spores of the South Asian fern are linear, they are located obliquely to the midrib of the plate.

Asplenium Parvati is also grown at home, the height of which does not exceed 45 cm. The funnel-shaped rosette consists of wide double-pinnately dissected openwork leaf plates. The underground part is covered with scales, it is small in size - short. Maturation of spores occurs in August. Leslie's Asplenium should not be ignored., up to 30 cm high. This herbaceous terrestrial fern forms a dark green pinnately dissected leaf plates. Their surface is smooth, the edges are openwork.


Watch the video: Bromeliad - Aechmea blanchetiana - Top 10 Bromeliads High Definition VIdeo HD 16


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