In recent years, the cultivation of strawberries in bags, or, as gardeners say, according to Dutch technology, has been gaining wide popularity. Since there is always a demand for this delicious berry, many organize, in this way, a truly profitable home business. Moreover, in order to grow the first crop, you only need a dense plastic bag, a special substrate, which can be purchased in the store, and adherence to simple rules in care.
Ideal conditions for the growth of large berries are provided not only by the observance of greenhouse conditions, but also by the correct preparation of bags for planting. For these purposes, dense, polyethylene bags are used, preferably made of white film, the thickness of which should not exceed 0.25-0.35 mm, since it allows maintaining the light regime for the plant, or, less often, industrial bags made of flour or sugar. The diameter of the container is 13-16 cm, the length is 200-215 cm.
The bags are filled with peat and perlite substrate and sealed on one side. At the same time, it is not necessary to build such a container yourself; you can purchase ready-made ones in special stores or agricultural firms. In this case, you should choose with the largest diameter. This will not affect the yield in any way, and the use of the working area will be more efficient.
You should also pay attention to the system for attaching containers to the wall or ceiling of the greenhouse. For these purposes, either hooks are fixed on the vaults of the frame, or trellises are organized, on which improvised beds are subsequently hung. If the substrate is being prepared independently, preference should be given to slightly acidic, neutral, light soils. As a rule, a mixture of sod land, small fraction sawdust and sand in equal proportions is used for filling. Organic fertilizers are necessarily added - humus and cow dung, but not more than 2.5-3.5% per container.
Mix the substrate thoroughly. The bottom of the container is filled with a small amount of expanded clay, this will provide good drainage, prevent moisture stagnation and rotting of strawberry roots. Then, on top of the drainage layer, a wet substrate with fertilizers is tightly laid and the bag is closed.
Home, living quarters are not particularly suitable for growing strawberries in bags, since the technology implies the creation of constant greenhouse conditions - maintaining the temperature regime at around 22-26 C, high air humidity and, most importantly, proper lighting. The most economical and efficient option is to place the plastic bags vertically. In this case, the effect of natural light will be maximized. However, if strawberries are grown in a cramped garage, hut or shed, it is advisable to place the seedling container horizontally.
In order for the harvest to be all year round, and the berries are juicy, new seedlings should be planted every 1.5-2.5 months, which are thrown away after harvesting the fruits. For this, only frigo seedlings are suitable, they can be purchased in many agricultural firms, or grown independently at their summer cottage.
Successful ripening of berries is possible only if the temperature is constantly maintained at a level of 20-26C. Decrease and drops of more than 5-7 C are not allowed, drafts are also excluded. For temperature control, as a rule, automatic settings are used. However, you can adjust the temperature mode yourself, using a thermometer and short-term, daily airing of the room.
Air humidity should be relatively high - at least 70-75%. To do this, every day or every 2-2.5 days, depending on the number of bushes and temperature, air and the bottom of the bags are sprayed in the greenhouse. You can also maintain such humidity using a special device. It is also recommended to observe the content of carbon dioxide in the air in the greenhouse at the level of 0.15-0.22%, which contributes to an increase in yield. This is achieved by lighting a simple candle for a long time.
Strawberries are light-loving plants. Full ripening of berries is possible only when maintaining natural light with a long day of light. That is why the main difficulty in growing strawberries in bags at home or in the garage will be to equip the proper lighting. It should be powerful, with a predominance in the red spectrum. As an artificial backlight for a greenhouse, lamps such as DNAT or metal halide are best suited. Additional lighting should work for about 10-12 hours to simulate the natural process of day and night. In a home or garage, it is better to use high power fluorescent lamps. At the same time, they should be turned on strictly according to the schedule, at the same time. In greenhouse conditions, supplementary lighting is turned on as needed. It is quite easy to determine the lack of lighting - the plant begins to stretch upwards.
Watering strawberries should be regular and always drip, while watering on the plant itself is not allowed. To organize such an irrigation system, as a rule, drip tubes are used. When growing berries on a larger scale, special equipment is used that works automatically without human intervention.
The scheme of planting strawberries in bags
4-5 vertical rows are marked along the bag, small cuts of 6-9 cm are made in a checkerboard pattern, into which the sockets will be planted, at a distance of 22-26 cm from each other. The holes are made oblong oval or diamond-shaped. If the containers are placed vertically, then the root of the seedlings is planted as deep as possible. To make the landing pits, a triangular blade or large diameter tube is used. When placing containers horizontally, the cutout is made slightly smaller, and the roots are not deeply buried.
Seedlings are planted only in well-moistened, loosened soil. During planting, it is better to keep the sockets in a box with wet soil; the roots are not allowed to open for more than 7-10 minutes. The density of bushes per container, depending on its size, is 9-25 bushes. After that, the beds are watered. After 5-7 days, when the bushes adapt to a new place, foliar feeding is applied, which allows you to quickly put down additional roots.
If special equipment for irrigation is not used, immediately after planting, a 2-3 liter plastic bottle with three thin tubes, usually from a dropper, is reinforced above the bag. Three power sources are recommended per bag - bottom, middle and top. Each container should receive at least 2-2.5 liters of introductory and nutritional liquid per day
How profitable it is to grow strawberries in bags can be roughly calculated in advance. For example, in one bag you can plant 15-25 bushes, collect up to 6-12 kg of berries with proper care. Since the bags for growing are rather narrow, no more than 12-16 cm in diameter, you can place up to 8-10 pieces per 1 square meter, installing in two tiers. In this case, you can collect about 65-95 kg of ripe berries from one meter and, depending on the season, sell them for $ 2.5-8.5.
Thus, with a constantly active demand for strawberries throughout the year, its cultivation will always have a decent level of profitability. Planting berries in bags, at a relatively low cost, allows you to organize a fairly profitable home business.
The video tells how to equip the cultivation of strawberries in horizontal bags in greenhouse conditions, about the technological features of this planting method.
An intensive crop production system every year becomes a generally accepted method of growing fruit crops. As a result, most farmers double the productivity of their beds, and also get a high-quality and healthy harvest. One of the elements of this system is the cultivation of strawberries in bags. Next, it will be discussed in detail what is needed to grow a fragrant berry.
GROWING TOMATOES IN BUCKETS
In one of the communities, an article from the Internet was presented today, without specifying the material. But the author seemed so interesting to me, I decided that I would still present him to those, more than you, that I have confirmation of this fact.
My daughter, 5-6 years old, worked in a local greenhouse farmer-greenhouse, and he also used a similar method, only not in buckets, but in small polypropylene from bags in which we sell cereals, flour, sugar 5-10 kg each.
The harvest was excellent, but it added a lot to these bag seals with a fully balanced mixture.
And now the material.
Tomato is one of everyone's favorite types of vegetables, without which our table is indispensable all year round.
Fresh medicinal tomatoes have properties and are widely used in cooking. And pickled, salted tomatoes are included in the mandatory list of traditional preparations for the winter. Therefore, almost everyone is engaged in growing tomatoes on their plots.
Each of the gardeners-gardeners is gradually gaining invaluable experience in growing garden crops. Sometimes situations arise that can lead an ordinary plant lover to a small, but still a discovery. it turned out So it was with me when growing tomatoes in Advantages.
buckets of growing tomatoes in buckets
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seedlings We plant grown tomatoes in a greenhouse every time. And this year, plants will definitely remain, there was some space for some in the greenhouse beds.
Ten years ago, also after planting in the greenhouse, there was an extra "left" seedlings of tomatoes. My children were sorry to throw it away, and they planted a few of the remaining plants in old leaky metal buckets - one seedling in each bucket filled with ordinary Buckets.
humus with seedlings planted in them was also placed in a greenhouse, placing it on the sidelines.
I don’t remember the names of the varieties of all the tomatoes that appeared in this volume, but in the buckets there was also the “Miner's Glory” variety.
Quite unexpectedly for all the buckets in the tomatoes began to ripen for two weeks than earlier in the greenhouse beds. And the fruits on them were about one and a half times larger. Bushes in buckets in tomatoes bore abundantly, were just an example.
By the sleepers, the fruits of the "Miner's Glory" variety usually did not grow on a larger garden bed of 150 g. But on the other hand, the harvest in buckets in seedlings turned out to be really glorious - dense, smooth, round fruits in a bucket reached the Shrubs of the city.
250 tomatoes in buckets turned out to be more powerful, a much larger crop was formed, and the fruiting of these plants was longer.
My children did not hide their glee at the results. And I had to ask them for some fruits for seeds, although I was doing the pinching of the tomatoes in buckets, but I did.
However, after this successful experiment, I did not attach much importance to it.
In the following years, it so happened that when planting tomatoes, my children were no longer present, and there was no one to plant seedlings in a bucket.
But a few years later, this story repeated itself. Now my grandson has planted several plants in a bucket. And again, the result of growing tomatoes in buckets was beyond praise!
A stable pattern of yields of tall tomato seedlings in buckets was clearly manifested.
Experiment on seedling planting tomatoes in buckets
And so, in order to finally be convinced of the effectiveness of growing tomatoes in buckets, I specially planted tomato seedlings as an experiment.
seedlings I planted ten different varieties in buckets, one plant in each bucket.
For this I found leaky metal buckets in a dump and filled them with humus as usual. The buckets themselves when growing tomatoes in a greenhouse were placed in partial shade, and the plants themselves were well lit.
And again the buckets planted in tomatoes gave an enviable harvest.
On large-fruited tomato varieties ("Gigant Novikova", "Wonder of the Earth", "Crop Triple", "Egyptian Giant", "Yantarevskie", "Canadian Giant", "Lebanese Giant"), the fruits reached a weight of 1 kg and bushes. And there was a real abundance for more tomatoes with an average weight of fruits within 100 -150 g ("Argentine cream", "Sorcerer", "Dream lover")!
But on the greenhouse in the beds, despite a good harvest of tomatoes, the picture was much worse.
With a great delay (they ate when there were already a lot of fruits that had grown at last), I, in buckets, realized that it was necessary to take a photo of fruiting plants.
The photo shows only two varieties of tomatoes in buckets: "Giant raspberry" (Novikova, large, round, fleshy with "sugary" Italian), and "structure" - elongated, red, dense.
By the way, I zoned Italian "tomatoes" for about 15 years. The number of fruits at the same time on the bush of this variety, and practically ripened, we counted 45 pieces (the whole plant did not fit into the frame). Each tomato turned out to weigh 120-110 g. And this is not counting the second crop.
queue for attention and other interesting fruits.
the facts of tomatoes grown in buckets are always more dense, and not watery (as is often the case in a bed with abundant watering).
Yes, and I have not noticed any cracking of fruits when growing tomatoes in buckets.
powerful, Large bushes of tomatoes in buckets are grown on strong twine. We never tie the fruit brushes.
Agrotechnical techniques for growing tomatoes in buckets in greenhouses are standard conditions:
- moderate watering
- the plant does not fall on moisture
- good ventilation
- timely pinching
- non-thickening landings
- not exceeding the permissible temperature in the greenhouse (more than 30 C).
One very important observation: the more leaky the "the" the bottom of the bucket, the more vigorous the growth of the tomatoes.
This fact is due to the fact that the roots that penetrate through the bottom of the bucket into the soil of the plants always have the necessary supply, since the moisture under the bottom of the earth never ends.
dries up tomato experiment
What explanation can be given to the phenomenon of an excellent harvest of tomatoes in my
On buckets? look, it is.
The bulk of the roots of the mass of tomato, which is located at the walls, is heated, buckets in the greenhouse to air temperature. The water in the bucket also warms up much faster when the plants are watered.
In contrast to this situation, in the soil bed, the temperature at the depth of the main roots (25-30 cm) is ten degrees lower than on the metal surface.
And the soil of the bucket - doesn't this contradict the meaning? common sense After all, there is an opinion that metal contact with plant roots is incompatible. However, you see how the high thermal conductivity of metal buckets, on the contrary, contributes to the rapid heating of the soil in them.
In conclusion, as a result, according to the experiment carried out, the account itself suggests itself. As a result of the greater warming of the soil in metal buckets, the growth processes of plants are accelerated and the supply of nutrients to them increases. This leads to early ripening of fruits, as well as to an increase in large-fruited and yield of tomatoes grown in buckets.
So, early to grow large tomatoes in buckets very I think!
just that this technique will be very attractive for gardeners who have small greenhouses. For those who value their work and want to get an early large tomato harvest at low cost.
Grow, be surprised! rejoice and surprise.
Yuri Petrov Valentinovich (village Vereya, Moscow region)
In VEDRAKH, the growing widespread use of tall tomatoes, eggplants, peppers in buckets - containers, boxes, large plastic bottles and flower pots. Despite the hassle of the container method, it also has its advantages.
IN SUCH CONDITIONS, plants are warmer to the roots, they can be moved from place to place, injuring the underground part, it is more convenient to use them, to take care of less water and fertilizers. The container system allows the system to start and extend the growing season earlier in spring: plants and at the beginning of summer, while tomatoes are outside, it is cool, peppers or eggplants are kept at the end, and in the summer greenhouse they are transferred from the garden to the house. Containers also help out in the event of a threat of infection development in case of heavy rainfall: to protect the insulation or plants, it is enough to move under the course. And the roof, the plant can always be provided with a brighter and more sunny place, even if the entire plot is occupied by an orchard.
However, the "agrotechnics" bucket has limitations. It is suitable only for varieties and hybrids with a weakly compact root and leafy system, for example, for babies kiss Geranium and other balcony tomatoes. Plants in containers need to be watered more often, since there is no root contact with the soil. Moreover, evenly, to the depth of the entire earthen coma and at the same time not flooding, the plants will otherwise die from lack of oxygen. If containers are used with dark green, dark brown and black color, then control of both the moisture content of the substrate and its temperature is required. So that the roots do not overheat in the bright or the sun in the heat, the containers are shaded, wrapped better (light white) material or doused with cold water.
Seedlings with container technology are usually prepared in peat, plastic pots or cups made from milk bags - "tetrapaks". If there is no desire to carry out a pick, you can proceed Preliminarily. so having made holes in the bottom for drainage water, cut it off so that the box turns out with sides about 1 cm high.Then align the top of the bag and insert the cut bottom into it (to a depth of 5 cm). Then fill the container prepared with soil and sow the seeds. As the seedlings grow, the bottom is lowered down and ground is poured onto the fertile stem. This method is also suitable for plastic bottles.
I usually start sowing late-ripening tomatoes at the end of February. On this day, the time is short, and you can't do without backlighting. seedlings Elongated otherwise. I use fluorescent phytolamps by hanging them FLUORA over the plants. To improve the natural illumination of plants, I put white rings on the soil surface in reflective cups. It is not for nothing that greenhouses in the Dutch line the floor with white material with a film or.
I made the rings from various materials, but I didn't stop with expanded polystyrene (troughs for semi-finished products, used in the future). In supermarkets, it turned out that it is more convenient to water and control humidity under a reflector made of half rings (by cutting the rings in half).
If the light from the lamp falls, you can apply foil from above. On the windowsill, it is better to install white screens parallel to the glass, reflecting light in different directions, that is, scattering Since.
its not always the weather allows gardeners to plant the plants in a timely manner in a permanent place, the seedlings are not enough for it when the light is not enough or the room is too dry and hot, often stretched out. You have to use different techniques to delay the pulling out of seedlings For example. tomatoes, gardeners in Germany stroke the top and young leaves with a brush on the stem. Since the plant receives microtrauma (hairs are damaged) and experiences stress, its growth is inhibited. When tomatoes are planted in the garden, they quickly begin to develop and grow.
When PLACING tomatoes in containers on or in a greenhouse, I take into account the "transparency" of the bushes. narrow leaves from the cultivar and a small number of them are better when planting or arranging rows in an east-west direction, they shade their northern neighbors less than densely leafy tomatoes. Therefore, when testing new products, I note dense leafy and transparent "varieties". Among the most "transparent" are Auriga tall, Honey Spas, medium-sized Malachite undersized, Kobzar's box (by the way, the store doesn't need it).
In pinning building materials at an affordable price (55 rubles per 2 sq. M), I saw the ceiling slabs made of expanded polystyrene. I laid them in a greenhouse with plants between in the garden. Now the light came on the leaves from below. In addition, the plates protected overheating from the soil, reduced evaporation from its surface, and the air remained dry. The bushes with tomatoes lay on these and did not touch the screens of moist soil (I lower the tomatoes before they hit the cover So).
greenhouses, as when laying whole irrigation plates, water from a watering can penetrated into the soil at the edges along only sheets (with drip irrigation, this problem does not arise, since the hoses are under screens), I cut the polystyrene coating into pieces and made holes in each center using a cut can ... The pieces are spread out in such a way that the holes are in the middle between the plants and about the stems.
Three years of testing the container method showed that in a hot summer, tall containers in tomatoes give a lower yield than in a regular garden bed, but under normal, moderately rainy weather, they ripen two weeks earlier.
And we recently learned about another way to curb green mass growth. When fruits begin to form on the main flower brushes, in the very bottom of the stem (near the ground) you need to make a through insert and cut a match without a head into it or! thin slivers. We did this last year, and we liked the result, the fruits continued to grow and ripen, and new lateral shoots did not appear anymore ..
We also heard about the ringing that gardeners carry out in order to accelerate the ripening of fruits: at the bottom, the stem is pulled with a wire (so that the skin itself, but the stem is pressed in, in no case was this). In a damaged case, the plant also begins to give all its strength to the fruits, as a result of which they ripen faster. This year we want to try this method as well.
The most important thing when caring for a "vertical" flower bed is watering. Every day, 10 liters of water should go to one bag.
Plastic bags with seedlings should be staggered. In a row, they should be 25 cm apart. It is desirable that the width between the rows is 1 m. Thus, the illumination of the bags will be uniform.
This is a very efficient way to grow strawberries. So you will not only prevent rotting of the fruit, but you will also be able to grow it all year round.
Ecology of cognition. Business: In this article, we will look at the most efficient and economical method of growing strawberries - in bags. We want to remind you that we have already written a business plan "Growing strawberries", where they gave another technology, which has become a classic.
Initial investment: RUB 300
Profit per year: RUB 840
Growing berries is a promising and profitable business. The level of income in this kind of entrepreneurial activity is determined by the type of berries grown (strawberries, blackberries, etc.) and the method of cultivation. In this article, we will look at the most efficient and economical method of growing strawberries - in bags. We want to remind you that we have already written a business plan "Growing strawberries", where they gave another technology, which has become a classic.
Many people set themselves the goal of starting their own business and receiving a stable and solid income from it. Often, innovative business ideas come with a high initial investment that does not pay off over several years.
In our case, things are quite different. Strawberries grown in bags throughout the year allows you to receive, as practice has shown, a fairly solid profit, even in spite of the seasonality, which is more than justified by demand. Estimated cost of 1 kg of strawberries, taking into account the season of the year: January-December - 400 April - 250 season - at least 150 rubles.
Features of the technology.
To achieve success in any business is possible only if the required conditions are created and maintained. The cultivation of strawberries in bags is no exception. In this business, one cannot do without a room that must be warm enough to let in sunlight well.
Naturally, in the room it is necessary to create all the microclimate parameters necessary for the normal growth of strawberries: temperature, lighting. The temperature value should not fall below 20 degrees. Of course, the premises must be non-residential.
So, you can grow strawberries in bags in a utility room, a utility room, a garage is suitable.
Taking into account the method of cultivation, bags will be required. Preference should be given to white plastic bags, as they provide the best possible light conditions. Film dimensions: thickness - no more than 0.2 mm; diameter - 16 cm; length - 210 cm. A mixture of perlite and peat is required as a substrate.
After the substrate is poured into the bag, one side of it is sealed. If you do not want to waste time and energy on making bags with your own hands, then they can be purchased in a store that specializes in selling goods for a vegetable garden. However, you should understand that the ruble saves every penny and it is much cheaper to make them with your own hands.
Advice: do not buy (do not make) bags with a large diameter, as in this case the use of the floor space will be irrational. However, such bags do not affect the yield in any way.
Planting strawberries will be preceded by a preparatory stage. Make sure that 4 vertical rows are made along each bag, cuts are dug (each 80 mm, the location of the cuts is staggered, and the distance between them is 23 to 25 cm). Place of installation of polyethylene bags - directly on the ground (floor). In order to save space, to get more berries per unit area, bags should be placed in 2-3 tiers (a larger number of tiers is allowed if the height of the room allows and there is access to the upper bags).
Naturally, it is impossible to form tiers without appropriate supports (they must be reliable and strong enough, since the weight of each bag is about 30 kg, and even more after watering). When growing strawberries in this way, there are a number of restrictions, for example, the maximum number of bags per 1 square meter. - 3. This limitation is effective for each tier. The strawberries will have to be watered regularly, and for this purpose it is necessary to think over the irrigation system, the main canals and bring them to the bags.
You should understand that, like other plants, strawberries lag behind in growth with an insufficient amount of moisture and, accordingly, give a small yield. Prolonged lack of moisture will cause the death of the planting material. The required irrigation system is quite simple, so, if desired, it can be made by hand.
For watering strawberries with this method of cultivation, a drip irrigation system is perfect. The optimal number of sources (tubes) of irrigation is 3: 1 - for the top, 2 - for the bottom, 3 - for the middle. It is more practical to mount the plumbing over the bags. When watering, be guided by the fact that 1 bag should have at least 2 liters of water per day. Like any undertaking, growing strawberries in bags has its own tricks and nuances.
Take, for example, preservation of seedlings, which extends their shelf life to 7-10 months. Plants from canned planting material are distinguished by a stable yield, high taste qualities of berries, while the preservation of the genetics of the variety increases.
Be prepared for the fact that you will have to spend at least $ 3 per square when you leave berries in an amount from 16 to 48 kg. We draw your attention to the fact that the main profit in business is possible during transition periods (autumn, spring) and in summer. Partial automation of irrigation and heating processes will significantly facilitate work in such a business.
Profitability of bagged strawberry cultivation.
The calculation of net profit is complex, and the figures obtained from its results are relative. This is due to the specifics of the business: seasonality and unstable price of berries. A profit close to reality can always be calculated, which we will do below.
Initial data. Greenhouse area - 100 sq. or width - 10 m, length - 10 m. With this approach to strawberry cultivation, the yield of berries from 1 hectare is 0.8 tons (for comparison: in Israel, with greenhouse cultivation of strawberries, the output of berries from 1 hectare reaches 90 tons). 5 harvests are usually obtained per year. The price of 1 kg of berries ranges from 150 to 400 rubles. Let's average its value and get 270 rubles per 1 kg.
Estimated profit calculation.
First of all, we calculate the number of berries per year: 0.8 t * 5 fees = 4 tons. Next, we multiply the result by the cost of 1 kg of berries and get the cargo profit for the year: 4000 * 270 = 1,080,000 rubles. Now let's calculate the same indicator, but for a month: 1,080,000 / 12 = 90,000 rubles. The next step is to calculate the net profit.
And here we will encounter some difficulties that are associated with different costs, which are determined by the season of the year.
For example, in winter, the main costs are associated with heating the greenhouse. In the summer, this kind of cost is excluded.
As practice has shown, in winter the cost of 1 kg of berries is 50-70 rubles.
In the end, we will need to calculate the annual cost of 1 kg of berries.
To do this, we must multiply the number of berries obtained per year by the highest profitability price: then: 4000 * 60 = 240,000 rubles.
Let's calculate the net profit: 1080 thousand rubles. - 240 thousand rubles = 840 thousand rubles.
The same indicator, but for the month: 840 thousand / 12 = 70 thousand rubles.
Let's calculate the costs.
One bag contains about 20 bushes of strawberry seedlings, the cost of one seedling is about 25 rubles. For 100 sq.m. will fit 300 bags, a total of 6,000 seedlings will be needed, with a total cost of 150 thousand rubles. Also, about 50 thousand rubles will be needed for the equipment of the greenhouse, as well as other expenses in the amount of 50 thousand rubles, in total we will need about 300 thousand rubles. Thus, your investment will pay off after two harvests are realized.
Let us recall that these calculations are rather arbitrary. Real numbers can be obtained in practice. In order to eliminate the risk of losing large funds as a result of business "burnout", you should try your hand at a small greenhouse, which, with the proper approach to business, will bring several hundred dollars. A small greenhouse should also be limited to beginners in the greenhouse business.
What helps a business is pride in your product. You should be proud of your product, as strawberries have medicinal properties in some cases. We must not forget about the taste of this berry.
Strawberries are an effective remedy for eczema. Berries lower blood sugar levels. Gastrointestinal stone disease is treated with strawberry juice: in the morning it is enough to drink 1/4 cup. The berry helps to remove excess moisture from the body, has a diuretic effect. Strawberries are very useful for those people who have liver disease, kidney disease, cardiovascular ailments. Strawberry also exhibits healing properties in relation to other diseases.
As in other types of business, you can meet some difficulties, problems, obstacles. For example, sometimes difficulties arise with the implementation of the entire crop. What is the way out of this situation? You can make preserves from the leftovers, jam, which can be sold later or consumed by you, your loved ones, relatives.
This approach to solving the problem will also allow you to expand the range of your products. Note that the jam from these berries has a detrimental effect on microbes, causative agents of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, influenza. Thus, you will sell not only a berry, but also a cure for many diseases, a cure without chemistry. published by econet.ru
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Strawberries are popular all year round. But on the way to strawberry paradise, there are obstacles: the seasonality of the berries, the lack of space in the summer cottage.
The new way to grow bagged strawberries saves space, increases the number of crops and also opens up the possibility of additional income. There will always be buyers for fresh, environmentally friendly goods.
You just need to familiarize yourself with the landing technique and the rules of care.
The original garden requires a separate room, a soil substrate and a strawberry variety that is suitable for growing all year round.
What the gardener gets as a result:
Growing strawberries for sale requires a large room and equipment to maintain a favorable microclimate.
Planting material is ordered in nurseries and propagated in a vegetative way. But the usual variety that grows in the country in the ground is also suitable. It is necessary to choose the strong first mustache of the mother bush with developed roots.
For commercial cultivation, varieties with the following qualities should be chosen:
The following varieties meet the selection criteria:
For planting in a confined space, small bushes are suitable that will not shade each other. Varieties with different ripening periods will ensure continuous strawberry production.
To harvest in winter and summer, self-pollinating varieties need to be planted. Otherwise, you will have to pollinate the flowers by hand.
First you need to decide on the purpose of growing. If the strawberries go for personal needs, 2-4 bags are enough, which will fit in the apartment.
Places for a strawberry plantation:
In the greenhouse, compact beds are placed and hung on hooks and trellises. It is necessary to maintain a distance between them so that the light falls evenly. For bags on the ground, you need shelter.
Non-residential premises are suitable for growing strawberries: a garage, a barn. The main requirements for the site are air circulation, correct temperature and lighting. A large room should be equipped with a heating system, ventilation. On the street, bags are laid out in sunny areas. For the winter, they need to be removed to the cellar.
The material should be dense. Reinforced or greenhouse film will do. The bags are easy to sew by yourself:
Seams and material should not let the soil pass through. For planting strawberries, ready-made bags of flour, compound feed are suitable.
Slightly acidic or neutral soil is preferred for strawberries. The substrate is prepared from peat and perlite, which are mixed in equal proportions. The second version of the soil mixture consists of turf, sand, sawdust and humus. Self-collected soil must be calcined. The heat will kill the insects.
Buying ready-made soil will save effort and preparation time. Choose a soil that retains moisture and air well.
Before filling the soil substrate, the bottom of the bag must be laid with drainage from gravel, crushed bricks, pebbles.
Place the strawberry bags vertically or horizontally. The choice depends on the area of the room.
Convenience of vertical placement - in saving space. The beds can be placed on the floor, hung in a checkerboard pattern. One bag fits 7-8 bushes. If they are small, more will fit. There will be enough room for the roots.
The bags are laid out on the floor or racks are mounted under them in several levels. Strawberries grow as they would in normal soil. The advantage of the horizontal cultivation method is that the soil does not need to be covered with mulch. The role of the coating is played by polyethylene, and the fruits do not get dirty.
The technology for growing strawberries in bags is similar to conventional gardening.
A vertical bag, installed on the floor, can not be tied, but put on top a couple of more sockets.
When planting strawberry bushes outdoors, the growing point should be at ground level. This rule also works when planting in a bag. Otherwise, the roots on the surface will dry out, and a too deep bush will rot.
To grow large fruits, you need to place the bags at a distance from each other. Vertical beds are placed every 25 centimeters in a row. 80 centimeters recede between the rows. In a greenhouse, 3 bags of seedlings are placed per 1 square meter.
Watering, feeding and breeding are carried out as usual. For indoor growing all year round, the temperature and humidity must be kept constant. Outdoor mobile beds need to be moved for the winter to a shelter or wrapped.
The optimum temperature for flowering and fruiting strawberries is 20-22 degrees. If the thermometer in the room drops below, it is necessary to install heaters. At higher temperatures, the roots of the plants are attacked.
The air should be 90% humid. Airing will prevent the growth of fungus. Large greenhouses should be equipped with automatic microclimate control systems, steam generators, hoods.
Strawberries need 8-14 hours of sunlight a day. If the room has several windows or a panoramic roof is arranged in the attic, daylight is sufficient. But since there are few clear days in winter, additional lighting with fluorescent lamps or ultraviolet lamps is needed. The vertical bags need to be rotated so that the light falls evenly.
The ground should not be dry. Roots rot from excess moisture. To distribute moisture evenly, drip irrigation should be installed when placing bags vertically.
Above the bag, hang plastic bottles with the neck down. Tubes of different lengths are attached to them, which are lowered into bags. Moisture-conducting channels are placed every 50 centimeters in depth. A bag with a volume of 30 liters consumes 2 liters of water per day.
The horizontal beds are watered as usual. If the seedlings are outdoors, watering occurs naturally when it rains. But in a heavy downpour, the bags should be covered with polyethylene or placed under a canopy. Excess moisture threatens plants with rot.
Fertilizer is used in two types:
Nutrients are applied once a week after the fruits are ripe. The solutions are added to the water and the fertilizer is evenly distributed among the plants when watering.
After harvesting the fruits, you need to remove the dry leaves. The bush is pruned, leaving 10 centimeters from the ground. After pruning, the plant will sprout more new shoots and get enough light.
The mustache appears after flowering. Their active growth begins after the appearance of fruits. The stolon shoots should be cut with scissors so as not to damage the bush. Old bushes are removed after 2 seasons of fruiting, and young rosettes are planted in fresh soil. The used soil is poured into the garden.
Indoor strawberries are rarely attacked by parasites. Insects can appear from garden soil if it is insufficiently heat treated. If the bags are outside, slugs and snails can crawl onto the strawberries.
To prevent the appearance of a strawberry mite, the seedlings are warmed up before planting in hot water at a temperature of 48 degrees for 15 minutes. You can get rid of pests with a 1% solution of colloidal sulfur and Bordeaux liquid, which are mixed in equal proportions.
Growing strawberries in bags allows you to harvest large crops from a small area. Under favorable conditions for growth, fragrant berries will decorate the table all year round.
It is difficult to show exact numbers. Since the development of any agricultural business depends on many factors (climate in the region, weather conditions in a particular month, quality of planting material, etc.).
Let's calculate the approximate profit from the business idea:
The calculation is approximate with the minimum yield indicators. Each entrepreneur will have his own specific figures. To test the profitability of the strawberry business, you can start small.