EVERYTHING WE NEED TO KNOW ABOUT FIRE
Any strategy of prevention and fight against fire, however valid in its inspiring principles, is destined to fail if not supported by the participation of the people, both in terms of convictions and material actions.
Hence the need to indicate some guidelines aimed at integrating the fire prevention organizational plan, especially when the study of the causes of the phenomenon leads us to believe that the human behavior, whether intentional or negligent (83.5%), is at origin of the spread of forest fires and the destruction of the delicate environmental balance.
Therefore, the following considerations apply
Anyone who discovers a fire that has attacked or threatens to attack a forest is required to give the alarm so that the extinguishing work can be immediately started.
The telephone numbers of the Forestry Offices are disseminated in all Regions.
Failing these, you can call the NATIONAL NUMBER 1515 which puts you in contact with the Operations Center of the State Forestry Corps.
N.B. The information reported was elaborated from the news published by the State Forestry Corps
Approved the fire prevention technical rule for the design, construction and operation of heat production plants powered by gaseous fuels. In particular, with the publication on the Official Gazette of 21 November 2019, n. 273 of decree of the Ministry of the Interior 8 November 2019 have been defined:
The attachments contain the technical and design specifications.
Except for exceptions, existing installations must be brought into compliance with the new provisions.
The D.M. November 8, 2019 follows shortly after Presidential Decree 6 August 2019 (published on Official Gazette 22 October 2019, n. 248), which dictated the new regulatory provisions for the safety of the use of fuel gas, and from D.M. October 18, 2019 (in S.O. no. 41 at Official Gazette of 31 October 2019, n. 256), which amended Annex 1 to the Ministerial Decree 3 August 2015.
Below is the text of the decree of the Ministry of the Interior of 8 November 2019, the attachments are available in pdf at the end of the page.
in the Official Gazette of 21 November 2019, n. 273
Having regard to the law of 1 March 1968, n. 186, bearing «Provisions
concerning the production of materials, equipment, machinery,
electrical and electronic installations and systems "
Having regard to the law of 6 December 1971, n. 1083, bearing «Norms for the
safety of the use of combustible gas »and subsequent ones
Given the legislative decree 8 March 2006, n. 139, bearing
«Reorganization of the provisions relating to functions and tasks
of the National Fire Brigade, in accordance with art. 11 of
law 29 July 2003, n. 229 »and subsequent amendments
Given the legislative decree 9 April 2008, n. 81, bearing
«Implementation of art. 1 of the law 3 August 2007, n. 123, on the matter
for the protection of health and safety in the workplace "e
Having regard to the regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9
July 2008, n. 764, which establishes relative procedures
the application of certain national technical rules to products
legally marketed in another Member State and repealing the
Having regard to the regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9
March 2011, n. 305, which establishes harmonized conditions for the
marketing of construction products and repealing the
Council Directive 89/106 / EEC and subsequent amendments
Having regard to the regulation of the European Parliament of 9 March 2016, n.
426, on appliances that burn gaseous fuels and which repeals the
Having regard to the legislative decree of 19 May 2016, n. 85, bearing
«Implementation of Directive 2014/34 / EU concerning harmonization
the laws of the Member States relating to appliances e
protection systems intended for use in the atmosphere
Having regard to the legislative decree of 16 June 2017, n. 106, bearing
«Adaptation of national legislation to the provisions of
Regulation (EU) no. 305/2011, which establishes harmonized conditions for the
marketing of construction products and repealing the
Given the decree of the President of the Republic of 1 August 2011, n.
151, «Regulation containing the simplification of the discipline of
procedures relating to fire prevention, in accordance with
of the art. 49, paragraph 4-quater, of the decree-law 31 May 2010, n.
78, converted, with modifications, by law 30 July 2010, n.
Having regard to the decree of the President of the Republic of 6 August 2019, n.
121, «Regulation implementing the delegation pursuant to art. 7,
paragraphs 4 and 5, of the law of 25 October 2017, n. 163, for adjustment
of the national regulatory legislation to the provisions of
Regulation (EU) no. 2016/426 of the European Parliament and of the Council,
of 9 March 2016, on appliances that burn gaseous fuels e
repealing Directive 2009/142 / EC
Given the decree of the Minister of the Interior of 30 November 1983,
bearing «Terms, general definitions and graphic symbols of
fire prevention ”, published in the Official Gazette of
Italian Republic n. 339 of 12 December 1983
Given the decree of the Minister of the Interior 12 April 1996, laying down
«Approval of the technical fire prevention regulation for the
design, construction and operation of thermal plants
fueled by gaseous fuels', published in the Journal
Officer of the Italian Republic No. 103 of 4 May 1996
Given the decree of the Minister of the Interior, in agreement with
Minister of Labor and Social Security of 10 March 1998,
containing «General criteria for fire safety and management
emergency in the workplace ”, published in the supplement
ordinary n. 64 to the Official Gazette of the Italian Republic no.
Given the decree of the Minister of the Interior February 16, 2007,
bearing «Classification of fire resistance of products ed
constructive elements of construction works », published in
ordinary supplement n. 87 to the Official Gazette of the Republic
Italian no. 74 of 29 March 2007
Given the decree of the Minister of the Interior of 9 March 2007, laying down
"Fire resistance performance of buildings in activities
subject to the control of the National Fire Brigade ",
published in the ordinary supplement no. 87 to the Official Journal
of the Italian Republic n. 74 of 29 March 2007
Given the decree of the Minister of Economic Development 22 January
2008, n. 37, containing «Regulation concerning the implementation of art.
11-quaterdecies, paragraph 13, letter a) of law no. 248 of 2
December 2005, reorganizing the provisions on
installation of installations inside buildings ",
published in the Official Gazette of the Italian Republic no. 61
Given the decree of the Minister of Economic Development April 16
2008, containing «Technical rules for the design, construction,
testing, operation and surveillance of the works and systems of
distribution and direct lines of natural gas with non-density
higher than 0.8 », published in the Official Gazette of
Italian Republic n. 107 of 8 May 2008
Given the decree of the Minister of the Interior of 7 August 2012, laying down
«Provisions relating to the procedures for submitting applications
concerning fire prevention procedures and the
documentation to be attached, pursuant to art. 2, paragraph 7, of
decree of the President of the Republic of 1 August 2011, n. 151 ",
published in the Official Gazette of the Italian Republic no. 201
Given the decree of the Minister of the Interior of 20 December 2012,
laying down «Technical rules for fire prevention for systems of
active protection against fire installed in the activities
subject to fire prevention controls ”, published in
Official Gazette of the Italian Republic no. 3 of 4 January 2013
The need to update the safety provisions has been identified
fire prevention systems for plants for the production of heat fed a
gaseous fuel with heat input exceeding 35 kW referred to in al
recalled ministerial decree 12 April 1996
Having heard the Central Technical-Scientific Committee for Prevention
fires referred to in art. 21 of the legislative decree 8 March 2006, n.
The information procedure pursuant to the directive has been completed
1. The provisions contained in this decree apply to
design, construction and operation of plants for the
production of non-domestic civilian heat of thermal capacity
overall greater than 35 kW powered by gaseous fuels
of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd family with pressure not greater than 0.5 bar,
a) air conditioning of buildings and environments
b) production of hot water, superheated water and steam
c) baking of bread and other similar products (ovens) and others
d) laundry washing and sterilization
e) cooking food (kitchens) and washing dishes, too
in the field of professional, community and other hospitality
2. This decree does not apply to:
a) implants made specifically to be inserted in
industrial processing cycles
b) incineration plants
c) systems consisting of catalytic stoves
d) systems consisting of type A appliances with the exception of
those for heating made with radiant diffusers ad
3. More gas-powered appliances, hereinafter referred to as
appliances, installed in the same room, or in rooms
directly communicating, they are considered to be part of a
single system of thermal capacity equal to the sum of the capacities
of the individual appliances installed therein if said sum
is greater than 35 kW, regardless of the value of the single
heat capacity of each appliance, the room that contains them
falls, for the purposes of fire prevention measures, in the field of
application of this decree. Within a unit
residential property, for the purpose of calculating the scope
overall thermal, domestic appliances do not compete
single heat input not exceeding 35 kW such as appliances
cooking foods, stoves, fireplaces, individual radiators, the
single-family water heaters, water heaters and washing machines. The
gas installations to which these appliances are connected must be
however made in compliance with the technical standards in force for them
applicable or technical specifications equivalent to them.
4. Several appliances installed outdoors do not constitute a single unit
5. The provisions of this decree apply to plants
newly built. For existing plants, the
specific provisions indicated in art. 5 and in Annex 1 of which
1. For the purposes of fire prevention and for the purpose of
achieve the primary safety objectives relating to
protection of people, the protection of assets, the safety of
rescuers, against the risks of fire and explosion, the systems
referred to in the previous article must be made in such a way as to:
avoid, in case of accidental spillage of fuel
gaseous, dangerous accumulations of the fuel itself in the places of
installation and in the rooms directly communicating with them
limiting personal injury in the event of an accident
limit, in the event of an accident, damage to nearby premises a
those containing the implants
guarantee the possibility for the rescue teams to operate
in safe conditions.
1. In order to achieve the objectives described in art.
2, the technical fire prevention regulation referred to in
Annex 1, which forms an integral part of this
2. The plants themselves are built and managed according to the
procedures identified by the decree of the Ministry of Development
economic 22 January 2008, n. 37, in compliance with technical standards
applicable to them, or to technical specifications to them
equivalents, and using the products provided for by the provisions
applicable where existing.
3. Technical specifications in the matter of this decree are
identified in Annex 2, which is an integral part of
1. Products for fire-fighting use, used in the field of
application of this decree, are:
a) uniquely identified under the responsibility of
manufacturer according to the applicable procedures
b) qualified in relation to the required performance and use
c) accepted by the person in charge of the activity, or by
responsible for carrying out the works by means of acquisition e
verification of identification and qualification documentation.
2. The use of products for fire-fighting use is allowed if
themselves are used in accordance with the intended use, they are
responding to the services required by this decree and if:
a) comply with the applicable Community provisions
b) are compliant, if they do not fall within the scope of application
of community provisions, to the specific national provisions
applicable, already successfully submitted to the procedure of
information referred to in Directive (EU) 2015/1535
c) if not contemplated in letters a) and b), they are legally
marketed in another Member State of the European Union or in
Turkey, or from an EFTA State which is a signatory to the EEA Agreement
and legally marketed therein, for use in them
conditions that make it possible to guarantee a level of protection, ai
fire safety purposes, equivalent to that envisaged
in the technical regulation attached to this decree.
3. The equivalence of the level of protection guaranteed by the products
for fire-fighting use referred to in paragraph 2, is evaluated, where necessary,
by the Ministry of the Interior by applying the procedures provided for by
Regulation (EC) No. 764/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council
and, starting from April 19, 2020, to those provided for by the regulation
(EU) 2019/515, of March 19, 2019, relating to the reciprocal
recognition of goods lawfully marketed in another
1. Existing plants, with the exception of those indicated in paragraphs
2 and 3, must be brought into compliance with these provisions.
2. To the existing plants on the date of issue of this letter
decree and heat input exceeding 116 kW, approved or
authorized by the competent bodies of the national brigade corps of
fire according to the previous legislation, no is required
adaptation, even in the case of an increase in heat output, as long as
not exceeding 20% of that already approved or authorized e
as long as it is done only once.
3. To the existing plants on the date of issue of the present
decree and with a heat input exceeding 35 kW and up to 116 kW,
made in compliance with the previous legislation, it is not required
no adjustment, even in the case of an increase in heat input,
as long as it does not exceed 20% of the existing one and as long as it is completed
only once and such that the capacity is not exceeded
4. Subsequent increases in heat input made in
plants referred to in the previous paragraphs or increases made only one
time in a percentage higher than the limit indicated in the previous paragraphs
or gaseous fuel type passages in
systems with a heat input greater than 35 kW require
adaptation to the provisions of this decree. For the
attivita 'subject to the dispositions of cui to the decree of the President
of the Republic 1 August 2011, n. 151, i
1. Without prejudice to the provisions of art. 5, starting from the date of
entry into force of this decree are no longer applicable
previous provisions issued on the matter by the Ministry
2. This decree enters into force thirty days after the
publication in the Official Gazette of the Italian Republic.
Annex I to the Presidential Decree of 1 August 2011 does not indicate waste treatment plants as activities subject to the control of the Fire Brigade: a specific item specifically for them is not present in the decree.
It is obviously possible that these sites fall within the scope of those subject to the control of the Fire Brigade for other reasons, such as the storage of various materials with an area of over 1,000 square meters. In fact, the Ministry of the Interior expressed itself in this sense, in the now distant 2002, with note prot. P980 / 4101 sub. 406/50 of 28 August 2002, where the Central Directorate for Prevention and Technical Safety, by answering a question received through the Regional Inspectorate VVF of Lombardy and referring to "pre-selection and volumetric reduction plant of solid urban waste" clarifies that:
1) If the waste deposits are not outdoors, but are indoors, and their surface exceeds 1,000 square meters, then the act. 88 according to the D.M. 16.2.1982. Since the D.M. 16.2.1982 has in the meantime been repealed, we translate into current language to conclude that the indoor waste deposits, with an area greater than 1,000 square meters and with over 5,000 kg of combustible materials, are activities subject to the control of the Fire Brigade as they constitute Att. 70 according to the Presidential Decree of 1 August 2011 and that in particular, from 1,000 to 3,000 square meters constitute Att. 70.2 / B, while over 3,000 square meters constitute Att. 70.3 / C.
We specify that, in order to be subject to the control of the Fire Brigade, all these conditions must be respected at the same time: indoor storage, over 1000 square meters, over 5000 kg of combustible materials.
2) If the deposits are contained in buildings with a metal structure, the structure must comply with the requirements set out in Circular 91/1961. Here too, translating into more up-to-date language, the fire resistance of the structures of these buildings must comply with the dictates of the Ministerial Decree 02/16/2007.
3) The general fire prevention and protection criteria to be adopted are those indicated by the D.M. 10.3.1998. Regarding the technical rule to be applied, it is obligatory to specify that the manager of the activity, in collaboration with the fire-fighting professional, is now free to choose whether to apply the Ministerial Decree 10.3.1998 as indicated by the Ministry in 2002, or (and this is the novelty compared to 2002) whether to apply instead the D.M. 3.8.2015, now affectionately referred to by many of us as the "Fire Prevention Code". In fact, for activities 70, the Code is immediately applicable even without having to resort to the institution of the derogation, as specified by Art. 2 paragraph 1, where Act 70 is explicitly mentioned as being part of the scope of the Code.
4) Any further fire-fighting measures may be evaluated by the Fire Brigade Commands. In short, the Command will evaluate case by case when the project is presented.
This interesting response from the Ministry is still relevant today and allows us to draw some initial conclusions.
a) Outdoor waste deposits are not activities subject to the control of the Fire Brigade.
It is true that, following the issuance of Presidential Decree 151/2011, even some outdoor activities, previously always considered as not subject only to the fact of being precisely located outdoors, are now considered subject to the control of Fire Brigade. We refer in particular to interports with an area greater than 20,000 square meters (Att. 79) to the demolition of vehicles with a surface area greater than 3,000 square meters (Att. 55) to open-air storage of wood and the like with material in storage over 50,000 Kg, with the sole exception of outdoor warehouses that have external safety distances greater than 100 m (Att. 36). Therefore, there is a propensity on the part of the legislator to widen the field of subjection to some activities located outdoors, however, it remains obvious that as long as a revision of Presidential Decree 151/2011 does not come out, the situation cannot be interpreted.
b) The Act. 34, that is "deposits (...) for the sorting of used paper (...) with mass quantities exceeding 5,000 kg" and, as better mentioned above, the Act 70, ie "premises used for storage with a gross surface area exceeding 1,000 square meters with quantities of goods and combustible materials exceeding a total of 5,000 kg".
Once it has been established whether or not the activity is subject to the control of the Fire Brigade, and before delving into the technical rules to be applied, it is however good to ask whether all this attention to the fire safety of waste deposits is justified or not.
Bitti, the park is involved in a European program for research and innovation President Murgia: "We will apply advanced tools in the fight against fire"
BITTI. The Tepilora Park is a candidate to strengthen its role in the prevention of fires and the protection of the forest heritage by participating together with the Gargano Park area in a program worth 230 million euros. The Baronian body is involved in the "Horizon 2020" initiative, a European Union framework program for research and innovation within an international partnership of the highest level in fire prevention through innovative techniques. The participation of the Park, which passed the first selection, is strongly promoted and supported by the Regional Department of Environmental Defense. The entire protected area of Tepilora is already covered by specialized operators to prevent the onset of fires with measures that include reconnaissance, surveillance and timely interventions to put out the flames. The Park Authority offers preventive information to visitors and residents on the danger of forest fires and on the correct behavior to adopt. The project called Silvanus / Fortiori, is part of an operational context that is efficient in itself and increases the possibilities of improving prevention activities thanks to new technologies and research tools, such as sensor platforms for forecasting, detection, monitoring, mapping. and assessment of post-fire damage. Thanks to the project, therefore, the relations between the Park and other European and non-European organizations and bodies that deal with prevention would be increased, allowing the exchange of knowledge and practical methodologies adopted in many parts of the world for the protection of forest heritage and biodiversity. . "By choosing to join the partnership of this very important European project aimed at the prevention of extreme fires - says President Francesco Murgia - he stands alongside the Department of Environment Defense and Forestas Agency in the application of innovative tools to fight fires. I am sure that the Park can make a substantial contribution to the project also by intensifying the actions of education, information and environmental awareness conducted by the Ceas of the municipalities of the Park »Also for the director Paolo Angelini it is a virtuous experimentation process. "It is one of the last projects of the seven-year EU programming with the Park contributing 1% (about 230 thousand euros) of the total plan. About fifteen partners participate in the initiative. Abbiamo lavorato per la candidatura con enti e il Centro euro-Mediterraneo sui cambiamenti climatici di Lecce di cui fa parte anche l’ateneo di Sassari».
Nella versione internazionale dello spot, In our goods hands, la Puglia impersonifica la Natura in senso universale e la voce narrante, che nell’edizione italiana è di Carlo Valli, diventa quella di Michael Madsen, star dei film di Quentin Tarantino.
Figlio di vigili del fuoco, Madsen, come racconta in un’intervista girata negli Studios di Santa Monica, ha perso tutto nel 2018 nell’incendio di Malibù, in California, una terra che ha visto la devastazione del proprio territorio a causa degli incendi boschivi.
Così come molte altre in Europa, Asia, Sud America e soprattutto in Australia, dove sta per iniziare la stagione estiva più calda degli ultimi anni e a cui sarà rivolta l’attenzione di Fire Prevention World nelle prossime settimane. Per scongiurare il dramma dello scorso anno.
Per rimanere aggiornato su tutte le news sulla Natura, selezionate dalla nostra redazione, iscriviti alla newsletter di rivistanatura.com
Riportiamo, infine, l’indice della linea guida “La prevenzione incendi nei cantieri temporanei”:
4 Piano della sicurezza antincendio
5 Il ruolo della persona responsabile della sicurezza antincendio
6 Contatti con i servizi di emergenza
10 Security contro gli incendi dolosi
11 Edifici temporanei e sistemazioni temporanee
12 Stoccaggio di liquidi infiammabili e bombole di gas
15 Alimentazioni elettriche e dispositivi elettrici
17 Materiali in deposito e rifiuti
19 Siti di costruzione di edifici a grande altezza
20 Cantieri dove la costruzione è prevalentemente in materiali combustibili
Scarica il documento da cui è tratto l’articolo:
CFPA-Europe, “ Fire prevention on construction sites”, a cura di Adair Lewis, CFPA-E Guideline No 21:2012 F (formato PDF, 1.33 MB).
NB: Attraverso il sito di CFPA-Europe è possibile visualizzare la versione del file in italiano. È possibile inoltre cliccare sui seguenti link – prevenzione incendi e normativa antincendio – per avere ulteriori informazioni aggiornate con riferimento alla normativa italiana.