Basella


An ornamental plant like basella (Basella) is a member of the Basellaceae family. In nature, it can be found in the subtropical and tropical regions of Africa, India, America, Madagascar, New Guinea and the Pacific Islands. This plant is also called "Malabar spinach". This is because basell is most common on the Malabar coast of the Indian subcontinent.

This plant is a vine that loves warmth very much. Its heart-shaped or ovoid, alternately located leaves are pointed at the end, and their length varies from 5 to 12 centimeters. Foliage has a delicate aroma. The highest decorativeness is in varieties with a variegated color of shoots and foliage, while the main color is represented by various shades of red. So, such varieties as “Rosebud”, “Rubra”, “Select Red” and others are popular.

Caring for basella at home

Illumination

Such a plant needs good illumination, while the direct rays of the sun are not afraid of it. In winter, it is necessary to provide additional lighting for such a flower, otherwise its foliage will become less spectacular.

Temperature regime

In the summer, the plant thrives best at temperatures between 22 and 25 degrees. In winter, it is recommended to move it to a cooler place with a temperature of no higher than 15-17 degrees.

Humidity

It grows and develops normally at high air humidity. For this, it is recommended to moisten the foliage of the basella as often as possible from a sprayer with lukewarm water.

How to water

In spring and summer, watering should be systematic. In this case, the soil should be slightly moistened all the time. However, make sure that there is no stagnant liquid in the substrate.

Top dressing

Top dressing is carried out from March to September 1 time in 2 or 4 weeks. To do this, use a liquid complex fertilizer for indoor plants.

Transplant features

In the event that the flower is constantly in the house, then its transplant should be carried out 1 time in 2 or 3 years in the spring. For planting, use loose soil saturated with nutrients. So, a commercially available universal soil for indoor plants is perfect. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the container. Expanded clay is perfect for this.

Reproduction methods

You can propagate by cuttings, seeds. Tuberous basella is also easily propagated by tubers.

Before sowing, which is recommended in April, the seeds should be placed in lukewarm water for 24 hours. For sowing, use loose soil. The container should be tightly covered with transparent film or glass. For germination, a temperature of 18 to 22 degrees is required. Watering the plants is carried out immediately after the top layer of the substrate dries up. After the seedlings grow up, they are transplanted into separate containers or open ground.

A glass of water is used to root the cuttings. Roots appear after 5-7 days. After that, they are planted in a container or open ground.

During transplantation, it can be propagated by dividing the tubers.

Pests and diseases

Quite resistant to diseases and pests. If the rules of care are violated, then a spider mite, aphid or a whitefly can settle on the plant.

Main types

Basella white (Basella alba)

This type is the most popular. This climbing vine is a perennial. Its fleshy stem is 9 to 10 meters long. Alternately juicy leaves have a mucous structure. They are dark green, heart-shaped, and have a pointed tip. In length, the leaves reach 5-12 centimeters and have a mild aroma. Unisexual white flowers are found in the leaf axils of branched inflorescences. The tips of their fused petals are crimson. The fruit is a round, fleshy, juicy berry of black and purple color, the diameter of which is 5 millimeters.

Basella red (Basella rubra)

Very similar to white basella. The difference is in reddish shoots and leaf plates with red veins. The color of the flowers is white.

Basella tuberous

This vine is herbaceous. The formation of tubers occurs on underground stems (stolons), which are outwardly similar to potato tubers, but sometimes they are more elongated and have a yellowish color. They contain a large amount of starch, but mucus is also present. Compared to potato tubers, basella tubers have a lower taste. Curly shoots. Succulent leaves are heart-shaped.


Epiphyllum

Epiphyllum belongs to the cactus family. It is an epiphytic cactus. This flower in natural conditions can be found in the tropics of America and Mexico. But the fact is that epiphyllums do not quite accurately relate to phyllocactus (leafy cacti) and this is because they have a shrub growth form, their base is lignified, and the stem is leafy. At the same time, phyllocactus are called hybrids, of which there are a large number, created on the basis of epiphyllums with species of closely related genera. Such plants are Heliocereus, Nopalxochia, Selcnicereus, and others.

The first description of this genus was made by Adrian Haworth, and this happened in 1812. He gave the plant a name, consisting of Greek words which mean epi - "above" and phyllum - "leaf". Thus, Adrian, as it were, emphasized that this plant forms flowers right on the leaves. However, these were not leaves, but stems (modified).

The fleshy, leafy stems of this flower are jagged and have thorns at their edges. These leaves are formed in the grooves of the shoots under the areoles and look like small scales. The fragrant funnel-shaped flowers are large and have a rather long flower tube.

The flowers of this plant can have different colors, namely: cream, pink, white, yellow, red with different shades. There are no blue flowers. And this plant is popularly called "cactus-orchid".

Epiphyllum can bear fruit even at home, but for this it requires cross-pollination. Its fruits are quite large, similar in size to a plum. Their surface often has thorns, and they are also painted yellow-green or purple (depending on the color of the flower itself). These fruits can be eaten, their flesh has a sweetish strawberry-pineapple flavor.


Description of chlorophytum

Chlorophytum looks like a herbaceous bushy plant with a developed root system of a tuberous type. The leaves, collected in a rosette, have a lanceolate or oval shape. Deciduous rosettes lengthen up to 50 cm. At the stage of flowering, tiny snow-white inflorescences are formed. Chlorophytum flowers are tiny and very delicate, have a white color and are located on long peduncles.

Chlorophytum is used for growing as an ampelous plant. It is planted in groups with other flowers or placed separately. This perennial is able to filter the air, purify it from carbon monoxide and formaldehyde. For this reason, it is better to put a flowerpot with a flower in the kitchen, where air circulation is essential.

Chlorophytum is very popular and is found in almost every home. Often it is from this plant that the passion for floriculture begins. He's incredibly handsome. In everyday life, it is unpretentious, it is practically impossible to destroy it - chlorophytum can without a twinge of conscience be referred to the category of "immortals". Chlorophytum lives for more than ten years.


Types of citrus indoor plants

For home cultivation of citrus fruits, breeders have developed a number of ornamental varieties, of which tangerines and lemons are the most popular. Grapefruits and oranges are too tall for indoor cultivation and require a lot of heat and light, which can only be provided in a specially equipped greenhouse.

The most unpretentious type of indoor citrus is lemons. Almost 200 years of experience in their cultivation has led to the emergence of many varieties that grow well and bear fruit with easy care.

Mandarin

The indoor tangerine tree is smaller than the lemon tree, but much more productive. With proper care, it bears numerous benefits.

The most common tangerine variety for home cultivation is unshiu. (included in the group of Satsuma varieties bred in Japan). Its pluses:

  • survives low temperatures better than other citrus fruits
  • does not require a lot of sunlight
  • ripens quickly.

Indoors, unshiu grows up to 1.5 m in height. Pollination is not necessary for the formation of fruits. Trees older than 3 years bear fruit, usually this period occurs at the end of October. The fruits weigh about 70 g.

In addition to unshiu, other varieties of indoor tangerines are also grown in Russia. Some of them:

  • Willow - up to 2 m high.
  • The varieties of the Vasya group are the result of Japanese selection, undersized (no more than half a meter) trees.
  • Nobils is a variety that is called royal for the largest of the domestic tangerines, the size of the fruit.
  • Nova - bred by American breeders. One of the best varieties for indoor growing. For effective fruiting, it requires formative pruning and the removal of underdeveloped fruits.

Orange

Without sufficient experience in growing citrus fruits, it is very difficult to achieve fruiting of a homemade orange. There are few indoor species of this culture:

  • The most common variety is Washington Nail. (the so-called "umbilical"). These varieties produce the sweetest and largest fruits of any home-grown variety. The name of these indoor citrus fruits comes from a trace that resembles a navel. This is an undeveloped fruit, slightly protruding from the peel of the first - developed.
  • Sorts of "red" oranges produce smaller fruits with very juicy red pulp. it Doblefina, Temple, Tomango varieties. Valencia, Paron Brown and others.

There are no low-growing varieties of this culture, and trees more than two meters in height are not very suitable for standard apartments and houses.

Lemon

The most common citrus pot plant. Among the varieties of indoor lemons are popular:

  • Meyer's lemon - a dwarf variety, with fruits that are very sour in taste. It blooms several times a year.
  • Pavlovsky - one of the best for home growing. A mature tree bears up to 60–70 fruits.
  • Maikop - a very productive and hardy variety of folk selection.
  • Genoa - rare homemade variety with edible peel fruits
  • Ponderosa - a hybrid of lemon and pomelo with fruits weighing up to a kilogram.

Varietal lemons are early ripening and unpretentious, gaining no more than one and a half meters in height.

Hybrids

Citrus crops easily interbreed with each other, which gives room for the imagination of breeders. It is difficult to list all the hybrids available today that are suitable for home cultivation.

  • Calamondin (citrofortunella) - hybrid variety of fortunella and mandarin. It is a bush up to a meter high. The variety is, first of all, decorative, since numerous small orange fruits look beautiful against the background of dark greenery, but the taste is rather bitter.
  • Clementine - a "mixture" of orange and tangerine. The fruit is similar in appearance to tangerines, but sweeter in taste.
  • Limequat, or limonella, - bred by crossing the Japanese kumquat and the Mexican lime. The fruit is similar to lemons, with a bittersweet pulp and bitter skin.

Widely cultivated are also orangevat (a hybrid of kumquat and orange) and mineola (obtained from crossing tangerine and grapefruit).


Million Bells

The unusual beauty and the catchy name Million Bells made these small flowers a success in a short time. Find out what kind of plant it is, how to grow it.

Appearance

The Million Bells is a group of varieties of Calibrachoa, a plant very similar to petunia (looks like a miniature of it). The group is not without reason received the name "Million Bells". It is characterized by extremely abundant flowering, compact shape and many thin narrow leaves. It grows up to 25-30 cm in height, the length of the hanging shoots can reach 50 cm. Plants planted in hanging pots form "blooming balls".

Colorful varieties

There are several dozen varieties of Million Bells, and new ones are created every year.

Varieties differ in color:

Simple flowers dominate, but double versions are increasingly appearing. Some varieties smell very nice.

An interesting series - Trixi - is a combination of 3 flowers in one pot.

Where to plant?

The million bells bloom very profusely from May until frost, creating hanging cascades of flowers, so the location must be protected from strong winds. The ideal position is in full sun, although the plant grows well in partial shade. It is best to expose the pots to a south or southwest exposure, avoiding the east and north sides, where there is too little sun.

Landing

Young plants are transplanted into large pots filled with fertile soil - it is better to buy a ready-made garden substrate for balcony plants (pH 5.5-6.5). It is good if the soil contains long-lasting granular fertilizer, because the plants require regular nutrition. Plants are permanently planted after May 15th and are sensitive to frost. Million Bells has an ampelous shape, looks better in hanging pots, baskets, balcony boxes (1 piece per 20 cm of balcony length).

Important! Pots should have holes in the bottom to allow excess water to drain.

Solo or composition?

Due to the high fertilization requirements, Million Bells should be planted in a composition with plants with similar requirements - ideal for a duet with surfinia, petunia. Better to collect several different colored varieties of Million Bells.

Fertilization and watering

Fertilizers are applied regularly along with watering. Use multicomponent formulations for flowering plants or special fertilizers for petunia, surfinia. Nutrient deficiencies will quickly show up as bright spots on the leaves and slower new flower formation. During the summer heat, calibrachoa is watered twice - in the morning and in the evening, not in the afternoon, because the strong sun can burn wet leaves!

It is important that the calibrachoa do not remain in the water because they are susceptible to root diseases.

Excessive drying of the soil is also unacceptable - this will lead to the cessation of flowering, and in the case of prolonged drying out (2-3 days without water), the plant will die. It is important to water the soil, not the entire plant (because excessive moisture contributes to the appearance of fungal diseases).

Diseases and pests

During the growing season, it is necessary to systematically remove wilting flowers - this will extend the flowering time and prevent bushes from rotting. If fungal diseases appear, drugs are used - Topsin, Ditan NeoTec. In the absence of improvement, diseased plants should be thrown away so that they do not infect others.

Diseases are often the result of improper care, so keeping plants in good condition will help eliminate a variety of problems. Millions of bells are attacked by aphids, sucking juices from young shoots. It is necessary to fight aphids immediately after detection, using drugs - Pirimor, Mospilan, Confidor, Talstar, Decis.Plant protection products are used only if necessary, in the doses and times indicated by the manufacturer on the label-instructions for use attached to the package.


Watch the video: Bangladeshi Pui Shaag Recipe Basella alba spinach recipe


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