For those who are going to destroy all pests in the garden, flower garden and vegetable garden in one fell swoop, without endangering plants, animals and beneficial insects, we offer information about the universal insecticidal agent - Agravertine. Non-corrosive chemicals tend to be ineffective or short-lived, while strong chemicals do their job well, but harm human health and the environment. As for Agravertine, this drug, while being highly effective, is at the same time slightly toxic to other forms of life and pollinating insects.
Agravertin is intended for getting rid of plants from sucking and leaf-eating pests: thrips, spider mites, aphids, white beetles, apple moth, Colorado potato beetle and its larvae, moth, cabbage moth and scoop, sawflies and moths. As you can see, Agravertin is an effective remedy not only against insects, but also copes well with arachnids.
Agravertin is an insectoacaricide of contact-intestinal action. It paralyzes both adults and larvae, causing the death of pests. 6-8 hours after the treatment of protected ground plants and 8-16 after spraying fruit trees, flower beds and beds, pests stop eating, and after 2-3 days they die. Agravertin is most effective on the fifth or sixth day, and the total effect of the drug lasts 2-3 weeks. The basis of Agraverine is the natural neurotoxin avertin, which does not cause addiction in pests. In the soil, Agravertin disintegrates into safe components within two days.
Agravertin is available in 5 and 10 ml ampoules. The contents of the ampoule are thoroughly mixed with 1 liter of water, and then the solution is brought to the required consistency by gradually adding water and stirring. For spraying plants, it is better to use a fine spray. Treatment of plants from leaf-eating pests should be done when the air warms up to 16-18 ºC, and from sucking pests - at 18-20 ºC. At a lower temperature than indicated, the processing efficiency will not be as high. And vice versa: the warmer the air, the more effective the treatment.
Spraying should be done on a dry, windless day, early in the morning or after sunset. Plant leaves should be sprayed with the composition on both sides, trying to prevent the drug from getting on plants that are not infected with pests. The number of treatments can be arbitrary, the interval between them is at least 7 days, but the last time you can apply the drug on grapes no later than 45 days before harvest, on cabbage - for a month, and on potatoes - 3 weeks before cleaning. It is not recommended to mix Agravertine with other substances.
|Houseplants||Pest complex||5 ml for 1 liter of water|
|Potatoes||Colorado potato beetle larva||5 ml for 1.5 l of water|
|Potatoes||Colorado potato beetle imago||5 ml for 4 liters of water|
|Cabbage||Cabbage white and scoop, turnip white||5 ml for 2.5 l of water|
|Apple tree||Moth, scoop, codling moth, leafworm, aphid||5 ml for 1.5 l of water|
|Apple tree||Herbivorous mites||5 ml for 4 liters of water|
|Currant||Leafworm, moth, sawfly||5 ml for 1.5 l of water|
|Currant||Spider mite||5 ml for 4 liters of water|
|Pepper, cucumber, tomato, eggplant||Pest complex||5 ml for 1 liter of water|
The drug belongs to the III class of toxicity: in the recommended quantities it is not harmful to plants, and for birds, animals and people it is not very dangerous. In order not to harm the bees, they should be released from the hives only one day after spraying the drug. But for fish, Agravertine is toxic, so you need to make sure that it does not get into the reservoir.
The recommendations below are intended only for FIRST aid, after which you should immediately consult a doctor and follow his instructions! DO NOT TREAT YOURSELF!
Since there is no antidote for Agravertine, the only treatment is to eliminate the symptoms of poisoning.
The rest of the solution cannot be stored. If you have a small amount of solution left and you cannot hand it over for disposal, dig a hole in the backyard or near the fence, pour what remains after spraying into it, and cover it with earth. The hole should be at least 20 m from water sources.
The shelf life of the drug in ampoules is no more than two years, provided that it is stored at a temperature of 15-25 ºC. Keep Agravertine away from medicines and food in a dry place out of the reach of animals and children. When the drug becomes unusable, dispose of it.
Aglaya: spider mites appeared on my croton. I treated the plant with Agravertine and hid the flower overnight under a plastic bag. However, in the morning the ticks were alive, and I was upset. Then I reread the instructions and found out that I needed to wait a little longer. A day later, the ticks died, but I decided to treat Croton with Agravertine again in a week for insurance.
Alexander: I wanted to bathe Agravertin, because I had previously successfully used it against pests on balcony and indoor flowers, but this drug was not on sale. They gave me Akarin instead and convinced me that this is the new name of the same Agravertine. I don't know how true this is, but Akarin coped with his task no worse than Agravertine.
Sections: Preparations Insecticides
Prophylactin for the garden: instructions for use, reviews
Many gardeners are wary of using chemicals to protect their plants from disease and pests, but sometimes they simply cannot be avoided. And when it comes to buying drugs, people, of course, primarily focus on advertising and reviews of experienced summer residents. Many gardeners write about a drug such as prophylactin. Why is it so praised, and how to apply it correctly in order to see the result and not waste money?
How does Prophylactin help?
To understand exactly how this drug works, you need to understand its composition. The main substance that helps to get rid of pests is malathion. This is an organophosphate pesticide, known to summer residents for a very long time. Recently, however, gardeners have begun to notice that insects have learned to produce a certain enzyme that blocks the action of the chemical. Therefore, in the composition of Prophylactin there are several more components and liquid paraffin. Thanks to him, the solution seems to stick to insects and is not washed off by rain.
What pests can be destroyed by prophylaxis? The remedy works great against scale insects, false insects, aphids, leaf rollers, copperheads and ticks. You can also use it to fight other pests. The effect can be seen after the first application. The main thing is to follow the instructions and properly prepare the solution for processing.
How to use Prophylactin?
Prophylactin for the garden: instructions for use, reviews - everything suggests that it is easy to use this tool. The main thing is to observe safety precautions. It is worth to dilute the drug and spray the plants with rubber gloves. You also need to ensure that the substance does not get into the eyes or on the skin.
In order to dilute the drug, you will need a bucket of warm water. That is 10 liters. It is better that the temperature of the liquid is between twenty and twenty-five degrees. In this case, you do not need to immediately pour Prophylactin into a bucket. It is better to dissolve it in a little water, stir well, and then mix with water in a bucket and stir again. It is very important to immediately use the prepared solution, otherwise it will become less effective in an hour and a half.
It is advisable to have time to process the plants before the buds bloom. If you miss the moment, then the pests will already crawl out from under the bark. And you also need to take into account that the tool acts only on the insects themselves, eggs laid by pests will not suffer from such treatment. That is why it is recommended to repeat the procedure in a month or a month and a half.
If you treat trees and shrubs with a special sprayer, then each plant can take from two to five liters of solution, so it is better to buy several bottles of Prophylactin at once, so that it will be enough for all plants.
Prophylactin has one plus - it has low toxicity, but at the same time the agent has a third hazard class, that is, it is moderately dangerous. But this is not a reason to work without protective gloves and a special suit.
If, after processing the plants, a solution of Prophylactin remains, then it is better to drain it somewhere on the site, and not into a reservoir. The fact is that the agent is dangerous for fish, but for microorganisms that live in the ground, it does not pose any harm. Also, Prophylactin is toxic to bees. That is why the processing is usually carried out at a temperature of +4 - +6 degrees, when the bees do not fly yet.
By the way, if you spray trees and shrubs at this temperature, then a film forms on the plants, which is not washed off by rain. Because of this film, the pests do not receive oxygen and therefore die.
Reviews of gardeners about Prophylaxis
Irina, 52 years old: Previously, I was afraid to use some unfamiliar remedies for pests, but a neighbor on the site advised me to try Prophylactin. I bought it - processed it, and saw that it was really an effective drug! I am very glad that no one managed to damage my fruit trees.
Victor Alexandrovich, 63 years old: I have always been proud that my cherries bear fruit so well. But one day, I don’t remember exactly why, I was unable to treat the trees with an insecticide. Then I regretted it when wormy berries appeared in the summer. I began to ask the neighbors in the dacha how they process the trees, and they showed me a bottle of Prophylactin. The next spring I decided to try this remedy. I read the instructions, threw them in water, poured them into the sprayer and processed all the trees. There were no worms or pests left, the cherries were tasty and healthy. I will repeat it next year. I have already bought Prophylactin.
Olga Sergeevna, 46 years old: Who would have thought that it was so easy to get rid of ticks on currants? I could not even imagine that if I sprayed with Prophylactin, all problems would be solved by themselves. I like that it is easy and simple to use it. The main thing is to try to have time to carry out the processing before bud break.
Oleg Anatolyevich: I have been using Prophylactin for several years in a row. I'm happy with the result. The trees look healthy, there are no problems with them. There are, of course, a lot of other tools, but that's what I like. Mixed with water, sprayed, and sleep well!
As you can see from the reviews of summer residents, Prophylactin is a popular remedy that has already managed to show itself. Due to the composition, getting on the insect, it immediately begins to act. That is why the processing results are noticeable after a month. The main thing is not to mix plant treatment products with each other. This is one of the most important rules. If the trees have already been processed, but you can postpone the acquaintance with Prophylactin until next year.
Thrips, ticks, beetles, aphids, miners - it is difficult to find phytophages that the drug Vertimek, made by the Swiss manufacturer Syngenta, could not cope with. Abamectin, the main active ingredient that has an enteric-contact effect of a non-systemic type, allows you to achieve a high result. So, penetrating deep into the leaves, the agent is capable of causing paralysis and death of insects parasitizing on it, as a result of which they simply can no longer feed on its juice and tissues, regardless of their position on the green part of the plant.
At the same time, Vertimek does not carry any risk to humans, unless, of course, its toxicity is taken into account, which manifests itself in full directly during processing. The agent is also dangerous for fish and animals, therefore it is recommended to use the drug away from pets. In addition, the agent has a minimal effect on the entomofauna, which is considered useful, which also goes to the expense of the "pluses" of a broad-spectrum insectoacaricide. All these features allow processing even a week before harvest.
As for the action of Vertimek, it is observed after 2 hours. At the same time, the product does not leave chemical burns or any other marks on the ground part of the plants, and also does not cause so-called addiction. But, despite this, experts still do not recommend using only this drug, advising to resort to alternation with other chemicals in case of extensive lesions.
Among other things, Vertimec is compatible with other insecticides and pesticides, provided that the latter are neutral.
If there is even the slightest doubt about compatibility, then you can check it by mixing a small amount of both agents and testing them on a limited area of the culture affected by pests. In addition, with the development of stable resistance, which in the vast majority of cases is observed during the fight against ticks, it makes sense to resort to the combined use of Vertimec with any other acaricidal drugs with an enteric type of action.
Abamectin is the main active substance that has a non-systemic enteric-contact effect
Pest Remedy Akarin helps against aphids, spider mites and thrips in garden beds, when processing flowers, fruit trees and shrubs. You can also use a preparation for treating indoor plants, in particular orchids.
With the correct use of Akarin for processing cultivated plants, pets, bees, and inhabitants of nearby water bodies will not suffer.
In order for the Akarin insecticide treatment to be as effective as possible, a number of requirements must be met:
It is better to spray plants from a spray bottle to spray the insecticide in small drops. In this case, uniform dispersion of the product will be ensured over the entire area of the vegetative mass.
The exposure period of the Akarin agent on the alleged pests is at least 3 days, most importantly, so that during this period there are no rains, which will wash off the substance that does not penetrate the foliage, but is on its surface.
Do not wait for the immediate death of insects after treatment with Akarin - the effect of the drug begins almost immediately, but the pests die only after a couple of three days.
Insects do not get used to Akarintherefore this insecticide can be applied repeatedly during the season.
The use of the fungicide Topsin-M in the dosages indicated by the instructions affects the plants through the penetration of the active substance through the root system and above-ground vegetation organs. Spreading through infected tissues and cells, theophanate-methyl reaches the focus of infection, blocks the germination of spores and stops the multiplication of branching mycelium filaments, called mycelium. Timely use of a protective agent in accordance with the volumes indicated in the instructions contributes to the health of the culture.
Topsin-M has a therapeutic and prophylactic effect on plants, providing protection against fungal pathogens for 14 days or more. In case of mechanical damage to plants, as a result of pruning or weather conditions, the use of a fungicide prevents the occurrence and development of fungal infections. The use of the drug for prophylactic purposes, before the onset of persistent symptoms of the disease, will help to achieve greater effectiveness.
Gardeners see a huge plus of "Preparation 30" in the preparation method. Pour the emulsion into water (the container is plastic, and if it is metal, then it is enameled) and stir. The mass is well divorced, easily passes through the sprayer, and stays on trunks and branches for a long time.
Insectoacaricide packaged in 250 ml is poured into 5 liters, and a 500 ml bottle requires a 10-liter container. Since the product is thick, rinse the bottle and pour the contents into the spray tank.
The reason for the need to re-use the insectoacaricide is not that the drug was ineffective (we are talking only about the original product). Among the factors explaining the appearance of pests:
Spraying is carried out in the morning or late afternoon. Choose a windless dry day. Apply the emulsion evenly.
Especially carefully processed:
Pests usually hibernate or lay their eggs where they can hide. Video about "Preparation 30 plus":
Fungicides are intended to prevent and treat fungal diseases in plants. "Fungicide" is translated as a compound word consisting of two parts - a mushroom ("fungus") and I kill ("caedo"). Substances with fungicidal action are:
The first group includes compounds of such elements as manganese, potassium, iron, nickel, mercury, copper, sulfur. In the second group, there are no heavy metals among the components, therefore, it decomposes over time due to the action of living microorganisms. Organic fungicides have a significant advantage over synthetic ones in terms of environmental friendliness and ease of preparation. In addition, biological preparations combine well with many other pesticides, and chemical preparations cannot always be combined with preparations of a different group. The disadvantage of biological fungicidal compounds is the rapid decomposition time. After a few days, they are already destroyed, no traces of their use remain in the soil.
Divide fungicides according to the method of action. They serve to:
But there are combined drugs that combine both types of effects on pathogenic fungi. These broad-spectrum fungicides include the drug "Luna Tranquility".
According to the instructions, the drug Alirin-B is a slightly toxic drug.
However, you should follow safety measures while working with it: